Implementación y análisis de luminarias LED
- Cano Milán, Pablo
En este proyecto se abordan el diseño y análisis, con sus diferentes etapas, de varias configuraciones de prototipos para luminarias LED enfocadas al ámbito domestico e industrial. Se realizarán montajes sobre diferentes materiales para evaluar los resultados y decidir que soporte es más adecuado para cada circunstancia.
Inicialmente expondremos el estado actual de esta tecnología y caracterizaremos, de forma preliminar, los dispositivos que vamos a utilizar para elaborar los prototipos que posteriormente analizaremos.
Seguidamente detallaremos el proceso de construcción de cada prototipo, indicando especialmente las diferencias y similitudes entre ellos que, en siguientes secciones, serán analizadas.
Trabajaremos con dos rangos de potencia para...
1950 En torno al Museo Louisiana 1970
- García Sánchez, Carmen
La tesis “1950 En torno al Museo Louisiana 1970” analiza varias obras relacionadas con el espacio doméstico, que se realizaron entre 1950 y 1970 en Dinamarca, un periodo de esplendor de la Arquitectura Moderna. Tras el aislamiento y restricciones del conflicto bélico que asoló Europa, los jóvenes arquitectos daneses, estaban deseosos por experimentar nuevas ideas de procedencia internacional, favorecidos por diferentes circunstancias, encuentran el mejor campo de ensayo en el espacio doméstico. La mejor arquitectura doméstica en Dinamarca, de aquel periodo, debe entenderse como un sistema compuesto por diferentes autores, que tienen en común muchas más similitudes que diferencias, se...
Conciencia ambiental y conducta sustentable relacionada con el uso de energía para iluminación
- Graciela Lucía Tonello; Natalia Valladares
La conciencia ambiental es definida como un concepto multidimensional que constituye la dimensión actitudinal del comportamiento pro ambiental. En un contexto global y local de crisis energética, el presente trabajo tuvo como objetivos investigar las interrelaciones entre las diferentes dimensiones de la conciencia ambiental y la posible sustentabilidad detrás de conductas relacionadas con el uso de la iluminación, en una muestra de estudiantes universitarios. La metodología incluyó el desarrollo y administración de una encuesta con diferentes secciones para estimar la conciencia ambiental mediante escalas clasificatorias y preguntas sobre percepción de problemas ambientales, la atribución de responsabilidades, escalas estandarizadas de preocupación...
Realización en artes audiovisuales
- Tabarrozzi, Marcos
Si la historia demuestra que cada artista ha desarrollado, sobre las bases de conocimiento que le han tocado en suerte, métodos complejos y sistemáticos, quiere decir que esa producción de conocimiento que es el arte audiovisual requiere de un tipo de trabajo y organización que sí se puede estudiar e indagar. Solo dar a conocer la diversidad de estos métodos podría ser una adecuada función de la enseñanza en artes audiovisuales.
Quizás la respuesta más completa respecto de cómo pensar la mirada audiovisual en la educación superior recuperaría un sano eclecticismo, que no eluda la teoría, ni la técnica, ni la...
Escuela para señoritas, Inglaterra
- Stillman y Eastwlck-Field, Arquitectos
The object was to design part of a new building which had been seriously damaged during the war, so that the old and new parts would blend into a pleasant whole, with a capacity for 600 girls.
The new designs avoid the glass box style of school buildings, and glass walls have been adopted only on the ground floor, thus giving an impression of light and airiness to what used to be a partial basement. Classrooms have been designed in a simple manner, and give the impression of conventional rooms. Simple lines and materials have been chosen throughout. Strong contrasts...
Construcción de un anfiteatro subterráneo de mil plazas
- Hereng, J. M.
The Arts and Crafts School of Paris was in need of an auditorium, with accommodation for one thousand persons, suitable for lessons and lectures. Owing to lack of space, it was decided to build it underground, below one of the courtyards.
The choice of roof shape was an ellipsoid of revolution, whose major axis is inclined to the horizontal. The maximum diameter is 32 ms and maximum height is 10 ms. The thickness of the roof structure is 50 cms along the lower part, and 20 cms near the crown.
This solution was of special interest as it overcame simultaneously...
Aeropuerto de Orly, accesos y pistas
- Genet, P.
Paris airport consists of the whole set of air transport facilities, commercial and civil, which are being exploited at the two main airport terminals of Le Bourget and Orly.
Le Bourget became inadequate to cope with the growing air traffic which the size of Paris demanded, and as the surrounding zone did not allow it to be sufficiently enlarged, the further development was concentrated at Orly. This airport was begun before the last world war, and was continued, and even improved, during the war itself, by the German occupation authorities.
Even so, the layout was too small to adapt the...
Motel en Lainate, Italia
- Perogalli, Carlo
This Motel occupies a site near the Milan Laghi motorway.
Motels are characterised by the type of «cell», or independent apartment, which is a kind of «villa», of easy access, where the car can be parked close by, ready for immediate departure. For this reason this motel has been constructed on one level. Garages are roofed over, and are at street level. The living room is slightly raised, to avoid it being overlooked from outside.
The apartments consist of a bedroom, services, and garage. They occupy a double building; the services being separated from the bedroom, to avoid any noise disturbance...
Posibilidades estructurales de las superficies parabólico – hiperbólicas
- Bennet, J. D.
The author presents a number of general facts on the subject. He gives the surface equation and that of the generator line. He offers simple and quick methods of establishing the forces and stresses in parabolic hyperbolic shells. The various types of roofs conforming to this mathematical shape are analysed.
Attention is given to the wide field of application of this general kind of structure, both in urban architecture and in connection with large and industrial buildings. A simple way is offered to obtain good natural illumination with this type of roof structure.
A number of illustrations are shown to...
Tomado: edificio para oficinas
- Maaskant, -; van Dommelen, -; Kroos, -
This building, in a city of medieval style, stands out for its white symmetry, which contrasts, like an abstract sculptural design in the midst of classical patterns.
The basic ideas underlying the design were to provide a truly visual relation with the exterior, and to show the affinity between architecture and the other plastic arts.
The artificial illumination helps to give plasticity to the volume of the building at night, and the reflected daylight, emphasizing the horizontal lines, discovers alternative aspects of this building.
In furnishing it, chairs by Mies van der Rohe have been selected, as a small homage...
Taller para reparación de automóviles
- Ide, Adolf
These workshops are in Osnabrück (Germany), and belong to the firm of Starke & Sohn, which is in the motorcar repair business.
The main hall is rectangular, and its roof consists of a light metal structure made up of graceful portal frames, which support the longerons and roofing material; the latter being corrugated fibrocement sheeting. Large skylights run the length of the hall. The side and front walls are mainly glass sheets, thereby giving the workshop exceptional luminosity.
The roof is supported on the side members of the portal frames, which have two spans. Ventilation, artificial lighting and air conditioning...
Iglesia de San Bernardo, Munich
- Haindl, Friederich F.
In plan form this church has the shape of an irregular pentagon.
The external walls are in brick and are crowned by a reinforced encircling concrete polygonal hoop. The surfaces of the walls are faced both on the outside and internally.
The roof consists of metal girders resting at the convergence of the walls on the concrete encircling girder. Timber trellice joists join these girders.
Inside, the maximum height of the ceiling is 25 ms, and the continuity of the walls is broken by prefabricated panels carrying glazing, which provides suitable daylight illumination. The roof structure is lined with wood, to...
Iglesia reformista, Effretikon
- Gisel, Ernst
The structure and planform, as well as the elevation of this building is a consequence of the system of natural illumination that has been adopted. A series of concrete slabs, which join together anglewise, provide the framework for skylights, through which a uniform and satisfactory distribution of light enters the inside.
This avoids the troublesome effect of direct lighting during the religious services.
The church entrance, the cloisters, the church itself —offering seated accommodation for 450 people —and the meeting hall constitute the main functional units of the total project.
The tower has great plastic power. It emerges from the...
Edificio social de la academia evangélica en Mülheim-Ruh
- Winter, F. G.
An extension to the existing buildings was recently carried out at the above Academy. This extension comprises: a building for guests, with 42 rooms, an auditorium, and a wide passage joining the new and the old parts. This passage way has a number of uses. It connects on the same level the main floor of the existing buildings with the auditorium and with the second storey of the residential building. It constitutes a kind of promenade gallery, and it also serves as a meeting place during the intervals, for people participating in lectured and congresses.
In the guest house, the...
Centro de estudios hidrográficos, en Madrid
- Fisac, M.
The design and construction of this group of buildings follows a basic conception of great formal simplicity and total structural expressiveness.
The buildings which constitute this research centre are: a main building, of seven stories, to house the offices, board room, auditorium, discussion room, and ancillaries; a large hall for the reduced scale models, and two smaller halls house the hydraulics laboratories; a two storey building, devoted to auxiliary technical offices, workshops, cafeteria, changing rooms, workmen's dining room, etc.; another building of two floor levels, for rheology work; and a house for the porter.
The roof of the hall for...
Nuevas construcciones y trabajos de ampliación de la siderurgia Lohr, en Lohr-am-Main, Alemania
- Siegel, Curt; Wonneberg, Rudolf; Richter, Hermfried
The geometrical properties of the hyperbolic paraboloid provided certain advantages to the architects, when they designed the new casting mill of the Lohr steel works, especially in regard to illumination and ventilation.
Two similar hyperbolic parabolic surfaces, bounded by three straight and two curved edges, and joined together by a transition surface, form the top part of the ventilation dome. The northern elevation constitutes a skylight, of trapeze-like shape.
Each of these domes, whose plan dimensions are 13.5 by 15 ms, rest on isolated supports, which, in turn, along the longitudinal direction of the nave, serve to support a bridge...
Centro de investigaciones I.B.M., en las proximidades de Niza
- Breuer, Marcel; Gatje, Robert F.; Laugier, Richard; Laugier, Michel
In order to fit in with the landscape and also meet the local building regulations, this Centre was planned as a two storey building, lifted above the ground by columns, whose height varies between 4.29 and 7.92 m, according to the ground slope.
The building planform is in the shape of a double Y, and has, among others, the advantages of making it possible to provide natural illumination to all the rooms, reduce the maximum distance of the most distant parts of the building from the vertical communications, and avoid that one wing of the building shall interrupt the view...
Jardín infantil, en Beniarjó, Valencia
- García Ordóñez, F. M.; Dexeus, J. M.
This children's nursery has been provided so that the children of the town can be looked after during the periods when their mothers are busy collecting oranges.
The building has, in addition to the director's quarters, eight school rooms, wash rooms, covered playing ground, indoor garden, living quarters for the nuns and a cloister. The various functional parts of the building are well differentiated, both spatially and in style.
The lighting and ventilation has been the object of special study, and all the rooms have plenty of light, and are extremely diaphanous. The style aims at giving the children a...
Sala de exposiciones, en Madrid
- Sáenz de Oiza, Francisco
The Huarte Building houses an 800 square metre section devoted to meetings, lectures and exhibitions. This extends over three storeys, namely ground floor, first and second basements.
The first basement level is a single large room, meant primarily for meetings and exhibitions. It has a large table in the centre, folding seats round the sides, two small discussion Corners and a bar. Illumination is provided through stiff plastic trays hanging from the ceiling, which serve to diffuse the fluorescent lighting. They also distribute the conditioned air, which emerges from the joints between the trays.
The second basement is also an...
Edificio de la oficina general para la Upjohn Company
- Skidmore, Owings & Merril, Arquitectos
The architects, on realizing the vast possibilities of the site, decided to make use of the landscape as an integral part of the project, and sought to establish an intimate visual relationship between the exterior and interior, thus helping to make the work of the occupants of the building more pleasant.
The resulting project has large glazed areas and is two storeys high. On the ground floor, besides general services and a garage, there is a hall, a cafeteria, a lounge, and a square patio that is highly landscaped.
The second floor includes offices, board room, living quarters for the...