Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 20

  1. Genetic analysis reveals candidate species in the Scinax catharinae clade (Amphibia: Anura) from Central Brazil

    Lídia Nogueira; Mirco Solé; Sérgio Siqueira; Paulo Roberto Antunes de Mello Affonso; Christine Strüssmann; Iracilda Sampaio
    Abstract Scinax (Anura: Hylidae) is a species-rich genus of amphibians (113 spp.), divided into five species groups by morphological features. Cladistic analyses however revealed only two monophyletic clades in these groups: Scinax catharinae and Scinax ruber. Most species from the S. catharinae clade are found in Atlantic rainforest, except for Scinax canastrensis,S. centralis, S. luizotavioi, S. machadoi,S. pombali and S. skaios. In the present work, specimens of Scinax collected in Chapada dos Guimarães, central Brazil, were morphologically compatible with species from theS. catharinae group. On the other hand, genetic analysis based on mitochondrial (16S and 12S) and nuclear (rhodopsin) sequences...

  2. Soundscape of a management and exploitation area of benthic resources in central Chile

    Alfredo Borie; Natalia P.A Bezerra; Sebastian A.L Klarian; Paulo Travassos
    Acoustic ecology is an emerging and poorly known field of research. Soundscape has been used to infer the behavior of several species in different environments and can serve as a reliable indicator of the habitat type and quality; also, it is believed that it is an important factor for larvae orientation in settlement areas. We used the passive acoustic method to evaluate the soundscape of a management and exploitation area of benthic resources, a rocky reef area in central Chile. It was possible to hear a continuous cracking sound during recording and underwater observations. We detected two distinct frequency bands...

  3. Estudio de la bioacústica del zorzal andino (Turdus chiguanco) con la aplicación del software Audacity, v. 2.0

    Aldo Hugo Miguel Orellana
    Objetivos: Determinar las características bioacústicas del Turdus chiguanco; entre estas, la amplitud, la frecuencia y la duración en las distintas voces. Métodos: Investigación descriptiva en la cual se recolectaron datos bioacústicos durante los años 2011-2012, luego fueron procesados con el software Audacity versión 2.0. Resultados: Se identificaron cuatro tipos de voces: Voz de huida, voz estacionaria, voz de contacto y voz de canto. En la voz de huida, se determinaron valores promedio: amplitud máxima 52,82 dB; amplitud media 0,05 dB; amplitud mínima -13,91 dB; frecuencia máxima 6,8 kHz; frecuencia media 0,63 kHz; frecuencia mínima 0,27 kHz; la duración 1,05 segundos....

  4. Bioacústica del canto de advertencia de Ceratophrys cranwelli (Anura: Ceratophrydae) Bioacoustic of the advertisement call of Ceratophrys cranwelli (Anura: Ceratophryidae)

    Julián Alonso Valetti; Nancy Edith Salas; Adolfo Ludovico Martino
    El canto de advertencia en anuros es especie-específico, pero como los anfibios son organismos ectotermos, las variables acústicas pueden estar afectadas por la temperatura. Se describe el canto de advertencia de Ceratophrys cranwelli cuantificando el efecto de la temperatura sobre sus componentes. Los cantos se grabaron in situ y se registró la temperatura del sitio de canto. Un total de 54 cantos de 18 individuos fueron digitalizados y analizados. Las variables temporales de cada canto de advertencia fueron medidas a partir de los oscilogramas y sonogramas, mientras que el análisis de frecuencia se realizó a través del espectrograma. Mediante análisis...

  5. Automated Recognition of Bioacoustic Signals: a Review of Methods and Applications Reconocimiento automatizado de señales bioacústicas: Una revisión de métodos y aplicaciones

    Paula Catalina Caycedo-Rosales; José Francisco Ruiz-Muñoz; Mauricio Orozco-Alzate

    During the past decade, numerous research studies and applications on automated bioacoustic monitoring have been published; however, such studies are scattered in the literature of engineering and life sciences. This paper presents a review on fundamental concepts of automated acoustic monitoring. Our aim is to compare and categorize —in a taxonomy of techniques DSP/PR— the contributions of published research studies and applications; in order to suggest some directions for future research and highlight challenges and opportunities related to the deployment of this technology in Colombia.


    Durante la última década se ha publicado una gran cantidad de estudios de investigación y aplicaciones sobre monitoreo bioacústico automatizado. No obstante, tales estudios...

  6. Application of automated bioacoustic identification in environmental education and assessment

    Teruyo Oba
    Developments in electronics and computer science have led to the introduction of an automated bioacoustic identification device used to resolve commonly encountered problems in the identification of animal species in the field. This technology aids our auditory observations, and also improves the quality of biological surveys and environmental monitoring. In this paper the future roles and possibilities of bioacoustics are discussed, providing some examples from the realm of environmental education and monitoring that focus on the use of nature sounds.
    Avanços em eletrônica e em ciências da computação levaram ao desenvolvimento de um instrumento de identificação bioacústica automática utilizado para resolver...

  7. Bioacoustic investigations and taxonomic considerations on the Cicadetta montana species complex (Homoptera: Cicadoidea: Tibicinidae)

    Matija Gogala; Tomi Trilar
    Recent bioacoustic investigations have shown that Cicadetta montana Scopoli 1772 is a complex of morphologically similar sister species that are best characterized by their song patterns. At the type locality of C. montana, only mountain cicadas with simple, long lasting song phrases were heard, recorded and collected. Therefore, we have good reasons to suggest that this type of song is characteristic for C. montana s. str. Boulard described a song of C. montana from France with phrases composed of a long and a short echeme; this type of song is characteristic for cicadas morphologically corresponding to C. montana var. brevipennis...

  8. Automated bioacoustic identification of species

    David Chesmore
    Research into the automated identification of animals by bioacoustics is becoming more widespread mainly due to difficulties in carrying out manual surveys. This paper describes automated recognition of insects (Orthoptera) using time domain signal coding and artificial neural networks. Results of field recordings made in the UK in 2002 are presented which show that it is possible to accurately recognize 4 British Orthoptera species in natural conditions under high levels of interference. Work is under way to increase the number of species recognized.
    Pesquisas sobre a identificação automatizada de animais através da bioacústica estão se ampliando, principalmente em vista das dificuldades...

  9. Análisis comparativo de la estructura del canto del anuncio de tres poblaciones de Melanophryniscus rubriventris (Vellar, 1947) (Anura: Bufonidae)

    Ferrari, Liliana; Vaira, Marcos
    La estructura de la señal acústica en anuros ha sido considerada especie-específica y utilizada incluso para el reconocimiento de nuevas especies indistinguibles por caracteres morfológicos. En este trabajo, presentamos una descripción de la estructura del canto de Melanophryniscus rubriventris y un análisis comparativo de parámetros espectrales y temporales del canto de anuncio en tres poblaciones argentinas, cada una de ellas asignadas a una de las tres subespecies tradicionalmente reconocidas. El canto de anuncio emitido por los machos de M. rubriventris puede describirse como un trino agudo formado por dos segmentos: el primero está compuesto por una serie de emisiones cortas,...

  10. Innateness and the instinct to learn

    Peter Marler
    Concepts of innateness were at the heart of Darwin's approach to behavior and central to the ethological theorizing of Lorenz and, at least to start with, of Tinbergen. Then Tinbergen did an about face, and for some twenty years the term 'innate' became highly suspect. He attributed the change to Lehrman's famous 1953 critique in which he asserted that classifying behaviors as innate tells us nothing about how they develop. Although Lehrman made many valid points, I will argue that this exchange also led to profound misunderstandings that were ultimately damaging to progress in research on the development of behavior....

  11. Comparative analysis of the song of the Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis (Emberizidae) between Campinas and Botucatu, São Paulo State, Brazil

    Márcio F. Avelino; Jacques M.E. Vielliard
    The regional dialects or regiolects of the Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis were compared between Campinas (47º06'W-22º90'S) and Botucatu (48º44'W-22º88'S), São Paulo State, Southeastern Brazil. Songs of 88 individuals from thirteen localities were recorded. Sonograms showed that two areas presented more homogeneous songs, forming two regiolects. In 11 localities most individuals shared the same song type. At the other two localities, they sang up to 5 different song types. This occurs at the boundaries of the regiolects, and was also where individuals singing more than one song type were found. Similarities between song types were not related to geographic distance between...

  12. Bioacoustic analysis of advertisement call in Hyla nana and Hyla sanborni (Anura, Hylidae) in Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil Análise bioacústica do canto de anúncio em Hyla nana e Hyla sanborni na região de Botucatu, Estado de São Paulo, Brasil

    I. A. Martins; J. Jim
    Vocal communication traits of Hyla nana and Hyla sanborni, of the nana species group, were studied from August 1997 until June 1999 in two large permanent ponds located in an open field in Botucatu, São Paulo State. One hundred thirty-one individuals, 71 of H. nana and 58 of H. sanborni, were recorded in the beginning of their vocalization activity and during chorus vocalization. The rhythms of sound emission on the two occasions were different. An advertisement call consists in a consecutive series of simple notes in rapid succession. Both species have two types of notes in their advertisement calls, here...

  13. Bioacústica del canto de advertencia de Ceratophrys cranwelli (Anura: Ceratophrydae)

    Julián Alonso Valetti; Nancy Edith Salas; Adolfo Ludovico Martino
    El canto de advertencia en anuros es especie-específico, pero como los anfibios son organismos ectotermos, las variables acústicas pueden estar afectadas por la temperatura. Se describe el canto de advertencia de Ceratophrys cranwelli cuantificando el efecto de la temperatura sobre sus componentes. Los cantos se grabaron in situ y se registró la temperatura del sitio de canto. Un total de 54 cantos de 18 individuos fueron digitalizados y analizados. Las variables temporales de cada canto de advertencia fueron medidas a partir de los oscilogramas y sonogramas, mientras que el análisis de frecuencia se realizó a través del espectrograma. Mediante análisis...

  14. INTRASPECIFIC VARIATION IN ACOUSTIC TRAITS AND BODY SIZE, AND NEW DISTRIBUTIONAL RECORDS FOR PSEUDOPALUDICOLA GIARETTAI CARVALHO, 2012 (ANURA, LEPTODACTYLIDAE, LEIUPERINAE): IMPLICATIONS FOR ITS CONGENERIC DIAGNOSIS

    THIAGO RIBEIRO DE CARVALHO; LUCAS BORGES MARTINS; BERNARDO FRANCO DA VEIGA TEIXEIRA; LEANDRO BRAGA GODINHO; ARIOVALDO ANTONIO GIARETTA
    In this paper, we provide an updated diagnosis for Pseudopaludicola giarettai based on the morphometric and acoustic variation observed with the assessment of new populations, plus an expansion of its distribution range. Our results support that all acoustic variation observed might be attributed to intraspecific variation. The variation in body size and dorsal stripe patterns observed for Pseudopaludicola giarettai reinforces that the distinctive whistling advertisement call pattern is the most reliable evidence line to diagnose it from its congeners, whereas morphological (robust body, glandular dorsum) and morphometric (body size) features vary considerably within and among populations so that they should...

  15. INTRASPECIFIC VARIATION IN ACOUSTIC TRAITS AND BODY SIZE, AND NEW DISTRIBUTIONAL RECORDS FOR PSEUDOPALUDICOLA GIARETTAI CARVALHO, 2012 (ANURA, LEPTODACTYLIDAE, LEIUPERINAE): IMPLICATIONS FOR ITS CONGENERIC DIAGNOSIS

    THIAGO RIBEIRO DE CARVALHO; LUCAS BORGES MARTINS; BERNARDO FRANCO DA VEIGA TEIXEIRA; LEANDRO BRAGA GODINHO; ARIOVALDO ANTONIO GIARETTA
    In this paper, we provide an updated diagnosis for Pseudopaludicola giarettai based on the morphometric and acoustic variation observed with the assessment of new populations, plus an expansion of its distribution range. Our results support that all acoustic variation observed might be attributed to intraspecific variation. The variation in body size and dorsal stripe patterns observed for Pseudopaludicola giarettai reinforces that the distinctive whistling advertisement call pattern is the most reliable evidence line to diagnose it from its congeners, whereas morphological (robust body, glandular dorsum) and morphometric (body size) features vary considerably within and among populations so that they should...

  16. INTRASPECIFIC VARIATION IN ACOUSTIC TRAITS AND BODY SIZE, AND NEW DISTRIBUTIONAL RECORDS FOR PSEUDOPALUDICOLA GIARETTAI CARVALHO, 2012 (ANURA, LEPTODACTYLIDAE, LEIUPERINAE): IMPLICATIONS FOR ITS CONGENERIC DIAGNOSIS

    THIAGO RIBEIRO DE CARVALHO; LUCAS BORGES MARTINS; BERNARDO FRANCO DA VEIGA TEIXEIRA; LEANDRO BRAGA GODINHO; ARIOVALDO ANTONIO GIARETTA
    In this paper, we provide an updated diagnosis for Pseudopaludicola giarettai based on the morphometric and acoustic variation observed with the assessment of new populations, plus an expansion of its distribution range. Our results support that all acoustic variation observed might be attributed to intraspecific variation. The variation in body size and dorsal stripe patterns observed for Pseudopaludicola giarettai reinforces that the distinctive whistling advertisement call pattern is the most reliable evidence line to diagnose it from its congeners, whereas morphological (robust body, glandular dorsum) and morphometric (body size) features vary considerably within and among populations so that they should...

  17. INTRASPECIFIC VARIATION IN ACOUSTIC TRAITS AND BODY SIZE, AND NEW DISTRIBUTIONAL RECORDS FOR PSEUDOPALUDICOLA GIARETTAI CARVALHO, 2012 (ANURA, LEPTODACTYLIDAE, LEIUPERINAE): IMPLICATIONS FOR ITS CONGENERIC DIAGNOSIS

    THIAGO RIBEIRO DE CARVALHO; LUCAS BORGES MARTINS; BERNARDO FRANCO DA VEIGA TEIXEIRA; LEANDRO BRAGA GODINHO; ARIOVALDO ANTONIO GIARETTA
    In this paper, we provide an updated diagnosis for Pseudopaludicola giarettai based on the morphometric and acoustic variation observed with the assessment of new populations, plus an expansion of its distribution range. Our results support that all acoustic variation observed might be attributed to intraspecific variation. The variation in body size and dorsal stripe patterns observed for Pseudopaludicola giarettai reinforces that the distinctive whistling advertisement call pattern is the most reliable evidence line to diagnose it from its congeners, whereas morphological (robust body, glandular dorsum) and morphometric (body size) features vary considerably within and among populations so that they should...

  18. INTRASPECIFIC VARIATION IN ACOUSTIC TRAITS AND BODY SIZE, AND NEW DISTRIBUTIONAL RECORDS FOR PSEUDOPALUDICOLA GIARETTAI CARVALHO, 2012 (ANURA, LEPTODACTYLIDAE, LEIUPERINAE): IMPLICATIONS FOR ITS CONGENERIC DIAGNOSIS

    THIAGO RIBEIRO DE CARVALHO; LUCAS BORGES MARTINS; BERNARDO FRANCO DA VEIGA TEIXEIRA; LEANDRO BRAGA GODINHO; ARIOVALDO ANTONIO GIARETTA
    In this paper, we provide an updated diagnosis for Pseudopaludicola giarettai based on the morphometric and acoustic variation observed with the assessment of new populations, plus an expansion of its distribution range. Our results support that all acoustic variation observed might be attributed to intraspecific variation. The variation in body size and dorsal stripe patterns observed for Pseudopaludicola giarettai reinforces that the distinctive whistling advertisement call pattern is the most reliable evidence line to diagnose it from its congeners, whereas morphological (robust body, glandular dorsum) and morphometric (body size) features vary considerably within and among populations so that they should...

  19. INTRASPECIFIC VARIATION IN ACOUSTIC TRAITS AND BODY SIZE, AND NEW DISTRIBUTIONAL RECORDS FOR PSEUDOPALUDICOLA GIARETTAI CARVALHO, 2012 (ANURA, LEPTODACTYLIDAE, LEIUPERINAE): IMPLICATIONS FOR ITS CONGENERIC DIAGNOSIS

    THIAGO RIBEIRO DE CARVALHO; LUCAS BORGES MARTINS; BERNARDO FRANCO DA VEIGA TEIXEIRA; LEANDRO BRAGA GODINHO; ARIOVALDO ANTONIO GIARETTA
    In this paper, we provide an updated diagnosis for Pseudopaludicola giarettai based on the morphometric and acoustic variation observed with the assessment of new populations, plus an expansion of its distribution range. Our results support that all acoustic variation observed might be attributed to intraspecific variation. The variation in body size and dorsal stripe patterns observed for Pseudopaludicola giarettai reinforces that the distinctive whistling advertisement call pattern is the most reliable evidence line to diagnose it from its congeners, whereas morphological (robust body, glandular dorsum) and morphometric (body size) features vary considerably within and among populations so that they should...

  20. Potencial de um método acústico em quantificar as atividades de bovinos em pastejo

    Júlio Kuhn Da Trindade; Paulo César de Faccio Carvalho; Fabio Pereira Neves; Cassiano Eduardo Pinto; Horacio Leandro Gonda; Laura Beatriz Nadin; Luis Henrique Silva Correia
    O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o potencial de um método acústico de quantificação do tempo de pastejo, de ruminação e de outras atividades realizadas por novilhas de corte em pastagem natural. Para obter registros sonoros, novilhas foram equipadas com buçais que permitiam sustentar um gravador digital e um microfone ajustado à fronte. Os registros foram analisados em um programa de áudio. As atividades foram discriminadas, e suas durações foram quantificadas e comparadas a valores obtidos por método visual. O método acústico é eficiente em quantificar o tempo de pastejo, de ruminação e de outras atividades de bovinos em pastejo.

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