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Nomenclatura Unesco > (31) Ciencias Agrarias > (3106) Ciencia forestal > (3106.01) Conservación

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 18,417

1. Soluciones integrales a la problemática de conservación de los acabados arquitectónicos de Mayapán, Yucatán - Vázquez Veiga, Adela; García Solís, Claudia Araceli; García Vierna, Valeria
Mayapán boasts various sculptural and pictorial elements that hold great aesthetic and informative value. Nevertheless, these quite important samples from the Post-classic period, suffer from an accelerated degradation process, mainly due to the constant use of inappropriate refurbishment / restoration materials, specifically synthetic polymers and cement in great quantities.In 2006 a new intervention phase was initiated in Mayapán focused on understanding the complex set of problems that the architectural finishes face while exposed, and on diminishing the greatest damages. New technologies for mural painting conservation have been proposed and experimented as well, with the sole purpose of removing the layers of polymers covering the surface. However, this solution may only be consistent on...

2. Conservación de bienes culturales: acciones y reflexiones, una mirada a la conservación en México - González Correa, Olga Lucía

3. La conservación de la lápida de Pakal a seis décadas de su descubrimiento - Rivero Chong, Rogelio

4. Los soportes de madera en esculturas policromadas mexicanas, restauradas en la ENCRyM - Cruz Chagoyán, Gabriela; Olvera Coronel, Lilia Patricia; Velasco Figueroa, Irais
This investigation is the result of an interdisciplinary work between the Biology Laboratory and the Seminar / Workshop on Polychrome Sculpture Restoration (STREP  for its spanish acronym) at the National School of Conservation, Restoration and Museography (ENCRyM  Escuela National de Conservación Restauración y Museografía). Based on the anatomy of various wood species, 419 specimens were identified as belonging to 140 sculptures that were arranged chronologically from the sixteenth to the twentieth century and were restored by the STREP throughout 12 years of work, from 1998 until 2010.

5. El fluoruro de sodio, una alternativa para la conservación de roca caliza disgregada - Straulino, Luisa
In this essay, results regarding the experimental use of sodium fluoride on decaying limestone rock are presented; previous treatments have required a great amount of time and resources to be invested. Samples, where the sodium fluoride was applied, are part of a cornice found at the archaeological zone of the Río Bec, in the town of Calakmul in Campeche. The composition of the rock, its deterioration and physical properties were studied by different analytical techniques (Scanning Electron Microscopy – SEM , petrography, Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy – EDS , X-Ray diffraction– XRD , among others), in order to compare to the samples treated. With a low...

6. El Panteón Inglés de Real del Monte: una aproximación para su conservación integral - Beato King, Raquel; Lameda-Díaz Osnaya, Martha
This study proposes an extensive view regarding a cultural asset, the English Cemetery in Real del Monte. Considered as part of a bigger surrounding, an integral conservation would be favourable. This perspective ponders upon the levels of approximation towards the subject matter that include the building itself, the architectural point of view, the urban environment, as well as the society to which it belongs. By understanding this perspective, a multidisciplinary approach is fundamental to deepen and enrich the proposed study.

7. Laboratorio de Análisis y Diagnóstico del Patrimonio (Ladipa): una perspectiva a ocho años de su gestación - Esparza López, Rodrigo; Machuca Chávez, Paulina
El Laboratorio de Análisis y Diagnóstico del Patrimonio (Ladipa) de El Colegio de Michoacán (Colmich) surgió como respuesta a la necesidad de incidir de manera responsable en el manejo del patrimonio cultural material y natural de México. En sus inicios se planteó como un laboratorio de arqueometría para caracterizar materiales arqueológicos y, a partir de 2009, se formalizó su actual  estructura mediante la adquisición de equipo científico-tecnológico de alto nivel, lo que lo posiciona actualmente  como un laboratorio sin precedentes en el país, dedicado exclusivamente al estudio y conservación del patrimonio nacional. Ladipa cuenta con personal altamente calificado que realiza...

8. Las metamorfosis del paisaje y sus repercusiones en la conservación de los monumentos arquitecto?nicos: el caso del conjunto de Santiago Atzacoalco (México) - Molina Palestina, Óscar
This paper analyzes the relationship between buildings declared historical monuments and the surrounding landscape that determines either their preservation or their eventual destruction. The history of the village of Santiago Atzacoalco (México), its chapel, and their association with the Shrine of the Virgin of Guadalupe along the northeastern route between Mexico City and the interior, are examined as a case study. This research focuses on the urban expansion over the last century and its effects on the historical monuments in question, inviting the reader to reflect on historical landmark protection laws, which grant ancient monuments the right to stand “forever”;...

9. LATAM-ICCROM (2008-2019): Programa para la Conservación del Patrimonio Cultural en América Latina y el Caribe - Iccrom, Latam
ICCROM, an intergovernmental organization dedicated to the conservation of cultural heritage worldwide, has focused part of its activities in developing regional programmes, in order to meet specific needs and opportunities. In 2008, it launched its most recent programme, latam, dedicated to the conservation of cultural heritage in Latin America and the Caribbean. This short text shows latam’s objectives and initial activities.

10. Una experiencia en la conservación de artefactos arqueológicos: práctica de campo en el Museo de Sitio de Alta Vista, Zacatecas, noviembre del 2009 - Sanromán Peyron, Adriana; Avecilla Zapata, Jessica; Flores Hernández, Mariana
The Archaeological Conservation Seminar encrym-inah held a field trip to the archaeological site of Altavista, Zacatecas during November 2009. Its objective was to conserve a collection of 91 archaeological artifacts made from shell, bone, turquoise and pyrite. The decisions on materials and methods of treatment as well as the achievements are discussed. The restoration procedures were carefully chosen after analyzing the objects and their state of material conservation. This practical experience in conservation reported not only satisfactory results but also useful data regarding the technology of the artifacts, the limitations of certain conservation procedures, and possibilities for museographic integration. This...

11. Recuento histórico de los desprendimientos de pintura mural en Teotihuacan - Salinas Rodrigo, Montserrat
El desprendimiento de pintura mural es una técnica de restauración que actualmente se recomienda solamente en casos extremos, ya que estas obras de arte se consideran parte integral de la arquitectura. El presente artículo documenta y analiza la historia de los desprendimientos de pintura mural en la Zona Arqueológica de Teotihuacan, México. Se examinan las diferentes circunstancias que llevaron a la decisión de desprender las pinturas. Con base en ello, se plantea la urgente necesidad de desarrollar soluciones de conservación y restauración para la enorme cantidad de fragmentos que, producto de este legado histórico de desprendimientos, se encuentran en bodegas...

12. Una imagen del Tercer Encuentro de Conservación del Patrimonio Fotográfico, noviembre del 2010. MUAC-UNAM - Dávila Lorenzana, Liliana; Guzmán Solano, María Estíbaliz; Hernández Hernández, Claudio
On November 4th of last year, the Grupo de Conservadores de Fotografías (GCF) organized the Third Annual Meeting of Photograph Conservation hosted at the Museo Universitario Arte Contemporáneo (MUAC) in Mexico City. Papers highlighted the management and conservation of collections, archives and photographic materials. To date, this meeting constituted the most important event in Latin America, therefore, its conclusions are fundamental for the development of this young field in our country.

13. Qhapaq Ñan, Sistema Vial Andino: el desafío de su conservación en Chile en el marco de su nominación a la Lista del Patrimonio Mundial - Díaz Valdés, Solange
This report examines the nomination process of the Qhapaq Ñan or Andean road system to UNESCO’s World Heritage List, by analyzing, on the one hand, its general historical development, and on the other hand, the specific strategies and actions undertaken by the Consejo de Monumentos Nacionales (National Council for Monuments), Chile. Examining the achievements attained throughout a working period of more than 10 years, this contribution focuses on the limitations and challenges that the project has faced in order to point out the issues at stake within the participatory planning process for the conservation and management of one of the most...

14. Proyecto “Restauración de vestigios de artillería”: aspectos sobre la investigación y conservación de cañones con aleación de hierro de la ciudad de San Francisco de Campeche - Arano Recio, Diana
Due to their historical importance, the artillery cannonsmanufactured in grey cast iron are exhibited in publicopen places at the San Francisco de Campeche city, Mexico,where a hot, humid tropical climate prevails, which isclassified as causing a medium to high level of corrosion.During this research, several analyses were carried outto grey iron cannons in order to determine the chemical composition of their corrosive products. The electrochemical tests were used to understand the behaviour of the cannons’ metal under the rain, and also to evaluate the formation of stable patinas using 5% NaOH and a 5% tannic acid solution. Furthermore, a conservation strategy was...

15. El restaurador como artista-intérprete - González Tirado, Carolusa
Conservation work is compared to that carried out by performing artists, since they both deliver to an audience the interpretation of the work by other artists. It emphasizes on the difference between hand skills, scientific and technological knowledge, in relation to the sensitivity and ability required for the interpretation of an object during its conservation. Through examples, it highlights the enormous cultural responsibility of the conservator through the interpretation of the message that the restored object should communicate, questioning the teaching of interpretation skills in professional conservation training, as well as its curricular implications. Cleaning operations are used as an illustrative example, in order to discuss the concept of patina. This article concludes...

16. La transición de estudiante a profesional: las prácticas de campo del órgano de San Juan Tepemasalco, Hidalgo - Mariño Garza, Esteban
This article reports the activities and results obtained of a field trip internship focused on the research and conservation of the San Juan Tepemasalco,s historical pipe organ, Hidalgo, which took place from September to November 2008, within the Optional Seminar of Conservation and Restoration of Musical Instruments (STOCRIM) of the Escuela Nacional de Conservación, Restauración y Museografía (ENCRyM); Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH). On the basis of personal account about the experience, this paper analyses the role of the conservation field trip internship as the perfect academic training for a student becoming a professional. 

17. The Restoration of Sixteenth-Century Panel Paintings from Coixtlahuaca Altarpiece in Oaxaca - Madrid Alanís, Yolanda
This article describes the genesis and development of the restauration project for panel paintings belonging to the principal altar piece of the temple of Coixtlahuaca, Oaxaca. Fulfilled by the Seminar-Workshop of Conservation of Easel Paintings (STRPC ) of Escuela Nacional de Conservación, Restauración y Museografía (ENCRyM), Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH), this initiative has been focused on the study and treatment of 11 works of art from the Sixteenth Century, attributed to the renowned Sevillian painter Andres de Concha. The text reports mainly the purposes and activities of the project, which has been characterized by an integral approach, aiming to incorporate humanistic and scientific studies with conservation and restoration interventions within...

18. Responsabilidad en la acción y la formación en la conservación - Magar Meurs, Valerie
 This text is a short comment on the article by Carolusa González Tirado, published in this volume of Intervención. It specifically develops four themes. It starts with a brief review on the importance of perception and interpretation of cultural heritage, and their impact in conservation decisions. Another topic is the critical judgment required following the evaluation of a cultural object or site, in view of its conservation or restoration. The third point analyses the specific nature of training of conservators, a balanced combination of knowledge and skills, which allow them to have informed opinions and decisions. The last point focuses...

19. Retos actuales y perspectivas del Centro Nacional de Conservación y Registro del Patrimonio Artístico Mueble, INBA - Gil Verenzuela, Gabriela
This paper is devoted to one of the most important institutions for the preservation, conservation and dissemination of artistic heritage in Mexico: the Centro Nacional de Conservación y Registro del Patrimonio Artístico Mueble (Cencropam) at the Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes(INBA). The paper describes Cencropam’s backgroundand its current functions, as well as the substantial role ofthis organization in registering artistic works through theGeneral Systems for Registration of Artistic Works (Sigroaand Sigropam). On the basis of the analysis on theachievements and challenges that the inventory of artisticworks faces nowadays, this paper proposes new development perspectives on collection management for both the INBA and Cencropam.

20. La recuperación de una visión espacio-temporal de la humanidad: la restauración de la Carta sincronológica de historia universal - Escuela Nacional de Conservación, Restauración y Museografía ENCRyM

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