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Nomenclatura Unesco > (31) Ciencias Agrarias > (3107) Horticultura
(3107.01) Producción de cultivos (3107.02) Técnicas de cultivo
(3107.03) Floricultura (3107.04) Fruticultura
(3107.05) Hibridación (3107.06) Hortalizas
(3107.99) Otros (especificar)

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 4,550

1. Aptitud de uso de la tierra. Caso de estudio: asentamientos campesinos, parroquias Cacute y Mucurubá, municipio Rangel, estado Mérida-Venezuela. - Muñoz, Luz; Oballos, Jajaira; Manrique, Jorge
In this study, the usefulness of land use in the land belonging to the Instituto Nacional de Tierras (INTi) in the Rangel municipality, Merida state, was determined. Units were defined according to land slope and the soil physical and chemical variables. For the determination of soil classes, the criteria established in Article 21 of the Partial Regulation of the Law on Land and Agricultural Development and land evaluation methodology of the Food and Agriculture Organization were used. Four types of land use were assessed: LUT 1 short cycle horticulture, LUT 2 average cycle horticulture, LUT 3 long cycle horticulture, and...

2. POLA USAHA DAN PENDAPATAN RUMAH TANGGA PETANI PADA BERBAGAI TIPOLOGI LAHAN RAWA LEBAK - Nasir Nasir; Imron Zahri; Andy Mulyana; Yunita Yunita
The study aim to 1) Describing of business pattern developed farmer households in various typologies of lowland swamp land, and 2) Analyzing household income of farmers in various businesses developed in lowland swamp land. The sampling method used is a simple random sample with a total of  responden  as many as 222 farmers. The study used a survey method. The results showed that the business pattern of households at shallow swampy, ie: Horticulture: annual fruit, Livestock: chickens and goats, trade, household industry, transport services, Rice, fishing, horticulture: vegetables and fruits a season and crops: cassava and peanuts, Labour, fish farming....

3. Enhancing the Feed Capacity of Horticulture Agro-Ecosystem Through Technology for Goat Production - Simon P Ginting
The availability of feed and their efficiency of use throughout the year represent the most important constraint affecting the productivity of animals in any agro-ecosystems. Beside being the largest contributor to the total production cost, logistically feeds need to be available on a daily basis across the animal’s life time. In order to be competitive, goat production system must be directed toward the optimum utilization of inconventional feedstuffs such as crop residues and agro-industrial by-products. The horticulture crops provide various crop-residues and by products from the processing of its main products. These biomass are potential feedstuffs that could be used...

4. Proceedings of the Annual Conference - Western Plant Quarantine Board
Title Varies: Proceedings of the First Interstate Plant Quarantine Conference, Held under the Auspices of the California State Commission of Horticulture; Procedings of the Western Plant Quarantine Board

5. Suitability Of Plum And Prune Cultivars, Grown In A High Density Planting System, For Mechanical Harvesting With A Canopy Contact, Straddle Harvester - Mika Augustyn; Buler Zbigniew; Rabcewicz Jacek; Białkowski Paweł; Konopacka Dorota
The relation of hand-harvesting cost in plum and prune production to the total costs amounts to 25-40%. Mechanical harvesting makes it possible to cut drastically both the harvesting and total costs. To test the suitability of plum and prune species to be mechanically harvested, an experimental grove (area 0.8 ha) was established in 2008. Three plum cultivars and one prune cultivar grafted on semi-dwarf and vigorous rootstocks were planted at high density (1250; 1666; 2500 trees·ha−1). During the span of full yielding (2012-2014), fruits were harvested mechanically with a canopy contact, straddle harvester in continuous motion, designed at the Institute...

6. Análisis de la cadena de valor, canales cortos de comercialización y horticultura multifuncional como opciones de puesta en valor: Caso de la Huerta de Aranjuez - Hervás Hermida, Ana Eleazar
La Vega de Aranjuez ha sido desde hace siglos conocida por la notoriedad de sus jardines y huertas históricas y también, en épocas más recientes, por ser la despensa de Madrid. A mediados del siglo XX, sin embargo, con las transformaciones que el sector agrario ha experimentado no sólo a nivel local, sino a escala global, empezó un proceso de declive que se ha acentuado en los últimos años. Paralelamente, en el año 2001, la Unesco declara el Paisaje Cultural de Aranjuez, como Patrimonio de la Humanidad con un valor universal excepcional. Parte de lo que sustenta este reconocimiento a...

7. Augmented Reality As a Working Aid for Intellectually Disabled Persons For Work in Horticulture - P. Benda; M. Ulman; M. Šmejkalová
The main focus of this article is to verify experimentally the possibility of using Augmented Reality as a platform for display educational materials in the field of horticulture in the real world for people with intellectual disabilities. Experimental verification was attended by eight people with varying levels of mental disability. The educational material was presented to the research participants in the form of a video, which was accessible via Wikitude platform based on the specific GPS coordinates. To find and display the content, participants used iPad2 and Android tablet devices. Despite the great potential of Augmented Reality technology, on the...

8. Concept of Horticulture Ambient Intelligence System - A. Vasilenko; M. Ulman
In the context of climate changes, there are predictions about the lack of rainfall and water to satisfy the needs of population and farmers. The sustainability of these resources determines watering efficiency in agricultural and horticultural activities. These activities include irrigation and watering. There is scope for the application of intelligent systems for the sustainable management of water resources.

9. THE USE OF BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS TO PROPAGATION OF ORNAMENTAL BULBOUS PLANTS - Piotr Salachna
Synthesized growth regulators may cause a negative impact on the environment so the use of natural bio-stimulators in horticulture is becoming more popular. Some biopolymers can have a stimulating influence on the growth and development of plants. In addition, polymers can be used to form hydrogel coatings on the surface of plant organs to protect them against the adverse influence of external factors. Eucomis species are widely used in southern African traditional medicine and have a horticultural potential. This study was conducted in order to determine the effect of biopolymer coating of twin-scale cuttings on the yield of Eucomis comosa...

10. Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of ornamental species: A review - Milošević Snežana; Cingel Aleksandar; Subotić Angelina
Integration of desirable traits into commercial ornamentals using genetic engineering techniques is a powerful tool in contemporary biotechnology. However, these techniques have had a limited impact in the domain of ornamental horticulture, particularly floriculture. Modifications of the color, architecture or fragrance of the flowers as well as an improvement of the plant tolerance/resistance against abiotic and biotic stresses using plant transformation techniques, is still in its infancy. This review focuses on the application of Agrobacterium-mediated transformation, a major plant genetic engineering approach to ornamental plant breeding and the impact it has had to date. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br....

11. THE FEATURES OF ENSURING THE STABLE FUNCTIONING OF SPECIALIZED FRUITGROWING ORGANIZATIONS OF THE KRASNODAR REGION - Akimova E. P.
The problems of the increase of the economic stability of specialized fruit-growing organizations of the Krasnodar region are considered in the article. The analysis of the condition of the branch showed that for the last years the natural-climatic conditions lead to the frost-killing of stone fruit-tree gardens more stably and allow obtaining only the gross yields of large fruits. The total area under large fruit gardens in the region for the last five years has changed slightly and makes up 17896 ha in 2013. At present time in the Krasnodar region only 58 agricultural organizations have their own gardens and...

12. The Question of the Economic Structure of the Rusins of Bessarabia in the 19th – beginning of the 20th Century - Sergey G. Sulyak; Vladimir V. Kazakov
The economic activity of the Rusins of Bessarabia in the 19th – beginning of the 20th C. is analyzed in the article. Since the Middle Ages the main aspect of the economic activity of the Rusins, who lived in the Carpatho-Dniestrovian Lands, was animal husbandry (herding). In 1812 part of the Moldavian Principality, the Pruth-Dniestrovian Lands, was united to Russia and received the name Bessarabia. In Bessarabia at the beginning of the 20th C. there were over 270 000 Rusins (Rusnaks) who comprised more than 1/8 of the population of the province. The majority of the Rusins lived in the Khotin district. In...

13. Folk medicine and horticulture
The article discusses the uses of marine organisms in folk medicine and in horticulture in the Philippines. Commonly used marine organisms are the different varieties of seaweeds, sea urchin, sea cucumber, turtle, crocodile and fishes such as grouper and rabbitfish.

14. Sistema multiplataforma de gestión integral de huertos urbanos - Roldán Estébanez, Denis
En este Proyecto Fin de Grado se construirá una herramienta de gestión integral de centros hortícolas donde una serie de huertos cuidados por personas en situación de discapacidad son alquilados a terceros. Esta iniciativa se lleva a cabo gracias a la iniciativa “La Huerta de Montecarmelo” de la Fundación Carmen Pardo-Valcarce de Madrid. Este proyecto es el resultado de la colaboración entre la Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería de Sistemas Informáticos y la Fundación, a través de un programa de Prácticas Externas que duró doce meses. Por una parte, tras años de trabajo en esta Obra Social, se encontró que muchos de...

15. Can small horticulture crops improve family farm incomes in mountains areas of Central America? - Marín González, Omar; Hernández Díaz-Ambrona, Carlos Gregorio; Arnés Prieto, Esperanza
Small family farm in mountain areas can found in horticulture one alternative to increase incomes. Horticulture crop required more labour and increased the land intensification. Market of production will be the key factor in the future of this family farms.

16. Linguosemiotic Actualization of Agroengineering Signs in English and Russian Agricultural Discourse - Elena Aleksandrovna Sukhova
Agro-discourse, or agricultural discourse, represents both a person-oriented and an institutional type of communication between the agricultural producers as participants in the agricultural sphere – one of the areas of production, processing and consumption of agricultural products (agronomy, crop production, horticulture, veterinary medicine, animal husbandry, mechanization and electrification of agriculture, land reclamation and irrigation of agricultural lands, environmental soil and water pollution, aqua and ichthiological culture). The cognitive model of this type of discourse organizes the entire aspect of agriculture as a semiotic formation comprising a significant part of human culture, and includes the appropriate chronotope, members (agents and customers...

17. Sustentabilidade na Agricultura e Geografia Agrária: O Contexto da Agricultura Orgânica no Rio de Janeiro - Barros, Regina Cohen
A preocupação que orienta o presente trabalho é subsidiar os atuais debates sobre as dinâmicas recentes do espaço rural brasileiro, inserindo-o no escopo da geografia agrária; analisando especificamente o estado do Rio de Janeiro, que passa por transformações provocadas pela intensificação da urbanização no campo; e redefinindo os conceitos “rural” e “urbano” para a geografia, a partir das mudanças geradas pelo processo histórico e pela lógica capitalista de desenvolvimento. A agricultura orgânica no estado do Rio de Janeiro emergiu no setor da horticultura e na mesma região de domínio dessa atividade no estado – a região serrana fluminense. Como a olericultura só era cultivada nos moldes convencionais, a...

18. Traumas óseos en poblaciones precerámicas de la sabana de Bogotá, Colombia - Rodríguez Cuenca, José Vicente; Gómez Mejía, Juliana
Con el fin de aportar datos para la discusión sobre el impacto del paso hacia la horticultura en las condiciones de vida de los más antiguos habitantes de la Sabana de Bogotá, se analizaron las lesiones traumáticas en 72 individuos cazadores-recolectores, pertenecientes a tres sitios precerámicos del Holoceno medio, temprano (8000-5000 AP) y tardío (5000-3000 AP). Para tal efecto, se registraron las fracturas en extremidades superiores e inferiores, cráneo y cara, su proceso de consolidación y alineación, así como el tipo de lesión (accidental o violenta), resultando más comunes las lesiones en extremidades superiores y en cráneo. Los traumas, posiblemente...

19. Natural geochemical risk in the Pollino Massif: a case-study of chromium - Priscilla Boccia; Salvatore Margiotta
The geochemical risk linked to heavy metal contamination of soils and waters, commonly associated with anthropogenic causes, may, however, be linked to the presence of rocks and soils that naturally contain these metals. Chromium and nickel are particularly abundant in the ultramafic rocks and ophiolitic and in some crystalline rocks, as well as in soils resulting from these pedogenetic processes (Kierczak et al., 2007). The phenomenon of alteration in charge of such rocks can also determine the release in ionic form, in the circulating waters, of high amounts of such metals. In this regard, the north-central sector of the Pollino...

20. Usos de Los Helechos y Plantas Afines - Muñiz Díaz de León, María Eugenia; Mendoza-Ruiz, Aniceto; Pérez-García, Blanca
En este trabajo se presenta un panorama general sobre los distintos usos que se les han dado a los helechos y plantas afines, en el mundo y en México a través de muchos años. Tradicionalmente los helechos se han utilizado con fines ornamentales, medicinales, alimenticios, en la construcción y como sustrato de otras plantas y más recientemente en horticultura y como fertilizantes.

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