Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 182

  1. Eficacia de un programa cognitivo-conductual para la disminución de la ansiedad en pacientes médicamente enfermos

    Sánchez Román, Sofía; Velasco Furlong, L.; Rodríguez Carvajal, R.; Baranda Sepúlveda, J.
    Este trabajo tiene como objetivo evaluar cuatro programas para reducir la ansiedad en pacientes médicamente enfermos: psicoeducativo, cognitivo, conductual o control. Ciento setenta y siete pacientes del Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán fueron asignados al azar a uno de los cuatro programas y se les aplicó antes y después de realizarlo la Escala Hamilton de Ansiedad y el Inventario de Ansiedad Estado y Rasgo (IDARE). Se realizó un análisis estadístico descriptivo y un análisis de diferencias de medias pre-post para evaluar la eficacia de los programas. Los resultados muestran que el programa de intervención que obtuvo...

  2. Telemore length in different spanish age group: association with diet, genetics and adiposity traits

    Garcia-Calzon, S. (Sonia); Marti, A. (Amelia)
    Telomere length (TL) has been proposed as a biomarker of biological aging processes because telomeres shorten within each cell division. But the fact that TL varies considerably among individuals of the same chronological age implies the need to investigate potential lifestyle and genetic aspects that influence TL. In addition, TL has also been considered a general risk factor for age-related chronic diseases, such as cancer, type 2 diabetes or cardiovascular disease. Since obesity and shortened telomeres are associated with the increased risk of metabolic disorders, we wondered whether TL may be longitudinally related to adiposity. In Chapter 1, we found...

  3. Albuminuria and Glomerular Filtration Rate in Individuals with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: Contribution of Metabolic Syndrome

    Uribe Wiechers, Ana Cecilia; Janka Zires, Marcela; Almeda Valdés, Paloma; López Gutiérrez, Joel; Gómez Pérez, Francisco Javier
    Background: The development of metabolic syndrome has been described in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus as the disease progresses over time. The purpose of this study is to assess the relationship between metabolic syndrome, albuminuria, and glomerular filtration rate, as well as to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome, in a group of Mexican patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study that included patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus who were diagnosed over 10 years ago and who are seen at the Diabetes Intensive Control Clinic of the Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion Salvador Zubiran in Mexico...

  4. Red de innovación docente interuniversitaria en Farmacología

    D'Ocon Navaza, María Pilar; Ferrándiz Manglano, María Luisa; Ivorra Insa, María Dolores
    Se ha formado una red interuniversitaria con objeto de crear un espacio común para compartir e intercambiar las experiencias, los resultados de investigación y el material elaborado en diferentes aspectos de innovación docente (nuevas tecnologías, metodologías, sistemas de evaluación, ...) en el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje en Farmacología en diferentes grados/posgrados de Ciencias de la Salud (Enfermería, Farmacia, Medicina, Veterinaria, Ciencias Biomédicas, Óptica, Nutrición y Dietética, ...). Además del grupo de innovación docente de la Universitat de València, participan en la red un total de 45 profesores pertenecientes a 13 Universidades: U. de Alicante, U. Autónoma de Barcelona, U. de Barcelona, U. Pompeu Fabra (Barcelona), U. CEU...

  5. Decrease in the Prevalence of Pancreatitis Associated with Primary Hyperparathyroidism: Experience at a Tertiary Referral Center

    Janka Zires, Marcela; Hernández Calleros, Jorge; Gómez Pérez, Francisco Javier; Uscanga Dominguez, Luis Federico; Peláez Luna, Mario César; Almeda Valdés, Paloma
    Background: Hypercalcemia is a rare but well recognized cause of acute and chronic pancreatitis. Hypercalcemia-related pancreatitis is mainly caused by primary hyperparathyroidism. The prevalence of pancreatitis in hyperparathyroidism varies worldwide and additional disease-modifying factors may play a role in its development. In 1988 the prevalence of pancreatitis secondary to primary hyperparathyroidism at the Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán (INCMNSZ), a referral center in Mexico City, was 12.1% (95% CI: 6.7-21). Objective: To describe the current prevalence of pancreatitis secondary to primary hyperparathyroidism at the INCMNSZ. Methods: We reviewed 385 cases of primary hyperparathyroidism seen at the hospital between 1987 and 2012. Results:...

  6. Estadística básica en Ciencias de la Salud

    Nolasco, Andreu; Moncho, Joaquin
    En este texto se presentan contenidos básicos de estadística para el entorno de las ciencias de la salud. Proviene de la experiencia docente de sus autores, profesores en asignaturas, cursos y seminarios impartidos en el entorno de las ciencias de la salud, dirigidos a profesionales que desarrollan su labor asistencial, de gestión, de docencia o de investigación en este ámbito. Aunque la Estadística ha estado presente en la mayoría de titulaciones universitarias de Ciencias de la Salud desde hace décadas, es desde su inclusión como materia básica en los planes de estudio de las titulaciones universitarias de grado incluidas en...

  7. A longitudinal analysis of diet quality scores and the risk of incident depression in the SUN Project

    Sánchez-Villegas, Almudena; Henríquez Sánchez, Patricia.; Ruiz-Canela, Miguel; Lahortiga, Francisca; Molero, Patricio; Toledo, Estefanía; Martínez-González, Miguel Ángel

    [EN]Some studies have pointed out that several dietary patterns could be associated with a reduced risk of depression among adults. This association seems to be consistent across countries, cultures and populations. The objective of the study was to compare and to establish the type of relationship between three diet quality scores and depression in the SUN (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra) Cohort study.


  8. The Relationship between Zinc Intake and Serum/Plasma Zinc Concentration in Children: A Systematic Review and Dose-Response Meta-Analysis

    Moran, Victoria Hall; Stammers, Anna-Louise; Warthon Medina, Marisol; Patel, Sujata; Dykes, Fiona; Souverein, Olga W.; Dullemeijer, Carla; Pérez-Rodrigo, Carmen; Serra Majem, Lluís; Nissensohn, Mariela; Lowe, Nicola M.

    [EN]Recommendations for zinc intake during childhood vary widely across Europe. The EURRECA project attempts to consolidate the basis for the definition of micronutrient requirements, taking into account relationships among intake, status and health outcomes, in order to harmonise these recommendations. Data on zinc intake and biomarkers of zinc status reported in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) can provide estimates of dose-response relationships which may be used for underpinning zinc reference values


  9. A 14-Item Mediterranean Diet Assessment Tool and Obesity Indexes among High-Risk Subjects: The PREDIMED Trial

    Martínez-González, Miguel Ángel; García-Arellano, Ana; Toledo, Estefanía; Salas-Salvado, Jordi; Buil-Cosiales, P.; Corella, Dolores; Covas, María Isabel; Schröder, H.; Arós, Fernando; Gómez-Gracia, Enrique; Fiol, Miquel; Ruiz-Gutierrez, V.; Lapetra, José; Lamuela-Raventós, R.M.; Serra Majem, Lluís; Pinto, Xavier; Muñoz, Miguel-Angel; Wärnberg, Julia; Ros, Emilio; Estruch, Ramón; for the PREDIMED Study Investigators

    [EN]Independently of total caloric intake, a better quality of the diet (for example, conformity to the Mediterranean diet) is associated with lower obesity risk. It is unclear whether a brief dietary assessment tool, instead of full-length comprehensive methods, can also capture this association. In addition to reduced costs, a brief tool has the interesting advantage of allowing immediate feedback to participants in interventional studies. Another relevant question is which individual items of such a brief tool are responsible for this association.


  10. Alcohol intake, wine consumption and the development of depression: the PREDIMED study

    Gea, Alfredo; Beunza, Juan J.; Estruch, Ramón; Sánchez-Villegas, Almudena; Salas-Salvado, Jordi; Buil-Cosiales, P.; Gómez-Gracia, Enrique; Covas, María Isabel; Corella, Dolores; Fiol, Miquel; Arós, Fernando; Lapetra, José; Lamuela-Raventós, R.M.; Wärnberg, Julia; Pinto, Xavier; Serra Majem, Lluís; Martínez-González, Miguel Ángel for the PREDIMED GROUP

    [EN]Alcoholic beverages are widely consumed. Depression, the most prevalent mental disorder worldwide, has been related to alcohol intake. We aimed to prospectively assess the association between alcohol intake and incident depression using repeated measurements of alcohol intake


  11. Polyphenol intake and mortality risk: a re-analysis of the PREDIMED trial

    Tresserra-Rimabu, Anna; Rimm, Eric B.; Medina-Remón, Alexander; Martínez-González, Miguel Ángel; López-Sabater, M. Carmen; Covas, María Isabel; Corella, Dolores; Salas-Salvado, Jordi; Gómez-Gracia, Enrique; Lapetra, José; Arós, Fernando; Fiol, Miquel; Ros, Emilio; Serra Majem, Lluís; Pinto, Xavier; Muñoz, Miguel-Angel; Gea, Alfredo; Ruiz-Gutierrez, V.; Estruch, Ramón; Lamuela-Raventós, R.M. and on behalf of the PREDIMED Study Investigators

    [EN]Polyphenols may lower the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and other chronic diseases due to their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, as well as their beneficial effects on blood pressure, lipids and insulin resistance. However, no previous epidemiological studies have evaluated the relationship between the intake of total polyphenols intake and polyphenol subclasses with overall mortality. Our aim was to evaluate whether polyphenol intake is associated with all-cause mortality in subjects at high cardiovascular risk.


  12. Mediterranean dietary pattern and depression: the PREDIMED randomized trial

    Sánchez-Villegas, Almudena; Martínez-González, Miguel Ángel; Estruch, Ramón; Salas-Salvado, Jordi; Corella, Dolores; Covas, María Isabel; Arós, Fernando; Romaguera, Dora; Gómez-Gracia, Enrique; Lapetra, José; Pinto, Xavier; Martínez, J. Alfredo; Lamuela-Raventós, R.M.; Ros, Emilio; Gea, Alfredo; Wärnberg, Julia; Serra Majem, Lluís

    [EN]A few observational studies have found an inverse association between adherence to a Mediterranean diet and the risk of depression. Randomized trials with an intervention based on this dietary pattern could provide the most definitive answer to the findings reported by observational studies. The aim of this study was to compare in a randomized trial the effects of two Mediterranean diets versus a low-fat diet on depression risk after at least 3 years of intervention.


  13. Iron, Iodine and Vitamin A in the Middle East; A Systematic Review of Deficiency and Food Fortification

    Mirmiran, P.; Golzarand M.; Serra Majem, Lluís; Azizi, F.

    [EN]Background: Micronutrient deficiency is one of the major public health problems in the Middle East affecting economic, political and social development of countries. The three commonest micronutrient deficiencies belong to iron, iodine and vitamin A. Methods: we conducted a systematic review of published English articles in the Middle East countries using databases from PubMed, World Health Organization and Food and Agriculture Organization from 1985 onward. A total of 6050 articles were identified and after evaluation based on eligibility criteria, 81 articles included in this systematic review.


  14. Environmental footprints of Mediterranean versus Western dietary patterns: beyond the health benefits of the Mediterranean diet

    Saéz-Almendros, Sara; Obrador, Biel; Bach-Faig, Anna; Serra Majem, Lluís

    [EN]Dietary patterns can substantially vary the resource consumption and environmental impact of a given population. Dietary changes such as the increased consumption of vegetables and reduced consumption of animal products reduce the environmental footprint and thus the use of natural resources. The adherence of a given population to the Mediterranean Dietary Pattern (MDP) through the consumption of the food proportions and composition defined in the new Mediterranean Diet pyramid can thus not only influence human health but also the environment. The aim of the study was to analyze the sustainability of the MDP in the context of the Spanish population...

  15. Effect of the Mediterranean diet on blood pressure in the PREDIMED trial: results from a randomized controlled trial

    Toledo, Estefanía; Hu,Frank B.; Estruch, Ramón; Buil-Cosiales, P.; Corella, Dolores; Salas-Salvado, Jordi; Covas, María Isabel; Arós, Fernando; Gómez-Gracia, E.; Fiol, Miquel; Lapetra, José; Serra Majem, Lluís; Pinto, Xavier; Lamuela-Raventós, R.M.; Sáez-Tormo, Guillermo; Bullo, M.; Ruiz-Gutierrez, V.; Ros, Emilio; Sorlí, José V.; Martínez-González, Miguel Ángel

    [EN]Background: Hypertension can be prevented by adopting healthy dietary patterns. Our aim was to assess the 4-year effect on blood pressure (BP) control of a randomized feeding trial promoting the traditional Mediterranean dietary pattern. Methods: The PREDIMED primary prevention trial is a randomized, single-blinded, controlled trial conducted in Spanish primary healthcare centers. We recruited 7,447 men (aged 55 to 80 years) and women (aged 60 to 80 years) who had high risk for cardiovascular disease. Participants were assigned to a control group or to one of two Mediterranean diets.


  16. Dietary Fat Intake and the Risk of Depression: The SUN Project

    Sánchez-Villegas, Almudena; Verberne, Lisa; de Irala, Jokin; Ruiz-Canela, Miguel; Toledo, Estefanía; Serra Majem, Lluís; Martínez-González, Miguel Ángel

    [EN]Emerging evidence relates some nutritional factors to depression risk. However, there is a scarcity of longitudinal assessments on this relationship. Objective: To evaluate the association between fatty acid intake or the use of culinary fats and depression incidence in a Mediterranean population


  17. Dietary fat intake and quality of life: the SUN project

    Ruano Rodríguez, Cristina; Henríquez Sánchez, Patricia.; Bes-Rastrollo, Maira; Ruiz-Canela, Miguel; López del Burgo, Cristina; Sánchez-Villegas, Almudena

    [EN]Background: Few studies have related nutritional factors with quality of life in healthy populations. The purpose of the study was to assess whether dietary fat intake is associated to mental and physical quality of life. Methods: This analysis included 8,430 participants from the SUN (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra) Project.


  18. The Relationship between Zinc Intake and Serum/Plasma ZincConcentration in Children: A Systematic Review andDose-Response Meta-Analysis

    Hall Morán, Victor; Stammers, Anna-Louise; Warthon Medina, Marisol; Patel, Sujata; Dykes, Fiona; Souverein, Olga W.; Dullemeijer, Carla; Pérez-Rodrigo, Carmen; Serra Majem, Lluís; Nissensohn, Mariela; Lowe, Nicola M.

    [EN]Recommendations for zinc intake during childhood vary widely across Europe. The EURRECA project attempts to consolidate the basis for the definition of micronutrient requirements, taking into account relationships among intake status and health outcomes, in order to harmonise these recommendations. Data on zinc intake and biomarkers of zinc status reported in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) can provide estimates of dose-response relationships which may be used for underpinning zinc reference values. This systematic review included all RCTs of apparently healthy children aged 1 - 17 years published by February 2010 which provided data on zinc intake and biomarkers of zinc status


  19. Macronutrient Distribution and Dietary Sources in the Spanish Population: Findings from the ANIBES Study

    Ruiz,Emma; Avila,José Manuel; Valero, Teresa; Del Pozo, Susana; Rodríguez, Paula; Aranceta-Bartrina, Javier; Gil, Angel; González-Gross, Marcela; Ortega, Rosa M.; Serra Majem, Lluís; Varela-Moreiras,Gregorio

    [EN]Our aim was to analyze dietary macronutrient intake and its main sources according to sex and age. Results were derived from the ANIBES (“Anthropometry, Intake and Energy Balance in Spain”) cross-sectional study using a nationally-representative sample of the Spanish population (9–75 years old). Mean dietary protein intake was 74.5 22.4 g/day, with meat and meat products as the main sources (33.0%). Mean carbohydrate intake was 185.4 60.9 g/day and was higher in children and adolescents; grains (49%), mainly bread, were the main contributor. Milk and dairy products (23%) ranked first for sugar intake


  20. Energy Intake, Profile, and Dietary Sources in the Spanish Population: Findings of the ANIBES Study

    Ruiz,Emma; Avila,José Manuel; Valero, Teresa; Del Pozo, Susana; Rodríguez, Paula; Aranceta-Bartrina, Javier; Gil, Angel; González-Gross, Marcela; Ortega, Rosa M.; Serra Majem, Lluís; Varela-Moreiras,Gregorio

    [EN]Energy intake, and the foods and beverages contributing to that, are considered key to understanding the high obesity prevalence worldwide. The relative contributions of energy intake and expenditure to the obesity epidemic, however, remain poorly defined in Spain. The purpose of this study was to contribute to updating data of dietary energy intake and its main sources from food and beverages, according to gender and age. These data were derived from the ANIBES A three-day dietary record, collected by means of a tablet device, was used to obtain information about food and beverage consumption and leftovers.


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