Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 120

  1. Valoración del estado nutricional del paciente geriátrico institucionalizado: Mini Nutritional Assessment

    Martín Clavo, Susana
    It is worth mentioning the importance of identifying early of the nutritional status of older adults to prevent the development of malnutrition. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of malnutrition, the types and degrees, in an example of institutionalized elderly. As a secondary objective, we evaluated the nutritional support given to these patients, its beneficial effect and tolerance. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional study, in which all patients who agreed to participate in the study were included and we excluded those patients with cognitive impairment, inability to work, refusal of the patient to participate or lack of consent for participation. We...

  2. RESEARCH ARTICLE Plasma branched-chain an t


    se am a io mechanisms that can also contribute to differences in the urban middle-class diet includes more animal foods López et al. BMC Obesity (2015) 2:8 DOI 10.1186/s40608-015-0038-4especially the branched chain amino acids.Departamento de Fisiología de la Nutrición, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias

  3. Olive oil intake and risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality in the PREDIMED Study

    Martínez-González, Miguel Ángel; Fitó, Montse; Bullo, M.; Estruch, Ramón; Ros,Emilio; Corella, Dolores; Recondo, Javier; Gómez-Gracia, Enrique; Fiol, Miquel; Lapetra, José; Serra Majem, Lluís; Muñoz, Miguel-Angel; Pinto, Xavier; Lamuela-Raventós, R.M.; Basora, Josep; Buil-Cosiales, P.; Sorlí, José V.; Ruiz-Gutierrez, V.; Martínez, J. Alfredo; Salas-Salvado, Jordi

    [EN]It is unknown whether individuals at high cardiovascular risk sustain a benefit in cardiovascular disease from increased olive oil consumption. The aim was to assess the association between total olive oil intake, its varieties (extra virgin and common olive oil) and the risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality in a Mediterranean population at high cardiovascular risk


  4. The Mediterranean Diet and Nutritional Adequacy: A Review

    Castro-Quesada, I.; Román Viñas, Blanca; Serra Majem, Lluís

    [EN]The Mediterranean dietary pattern, through a healthy profile of fat intake, low proportion of carbohydrate, low glycemic index, high content of dietary fiber, antioxidant compounds, and anti-inflammatory effects, reduces the risk of certain pathologies, such as cancer or Cardiovascular Disease (CVD). Nutritional adequacy is the comparison between the nutrient requirement and the intake of a certain individual or population. In population groups, the prevalence of nutrient inadequacy can be assessed by the probability approach or using the Estimated Average Requirement (EAR) cut-point method


  5. Effect of a Mediterranean Diet Intervention on Dietary Glycemic Load and Dietary Glycemic Index: The PREDIMED Study

    Rodriguez-Rejon, A.I.; Castro-Quesada, I.; Ruano Rodríguez, Cristina; Ruiz-López, M.D.; Sánchez-Villegas, Almudena; Toledo, E.; Artacho, R.; Estruch, Ramón; Salas-Salvado, Jordi; Covas, María Isabel; Corella, Dolores; Gómez-Gracia, E.; Lapetra, José; Pinto, Xavier; Arós, Fernando; Fiol, Miquel; Lamuela-Raventós, R.M.; Ruiz-Gutierrez, V.; Schröder, H.; Ros,Emilio; Martínez-González, Miguel Ángel; Serra Majem, Lluís

    [EN]To compare the one year effect of two dietary interventions with MeDiet on GL and GI in the PREDIMED trial. Methods. Participants were older subjects at high risk for cardiovascular disease. This analysis included 2866 nondiabetic subjects. Diet was assessed with a validated 137-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). The GI of each FFQ item was assigned by a 5-step methodology using the International Tables of GI and GL Values. Generalized linear models were fitted to assess the relationship between the intervention group and dietary GL and GI at one year of follow-up, using control group as reference.


  6. Dietary exposure assessments for children in Europe (the EXPOCHI project): rationale, methods and design

    Huybrechts, I.; Sioen, I; Boon, P.E.; Ruprich, J.; Lafay, L.; Turrini, A.; Amiano,, P.; Hirvonen, T.; De Neve, M.; Arcella, D.; Moschandreas, J.; Westerlund, A.; Ribas-Barba, L.; Hilbig, A.; Papoutsou, S.; Christensen, T.; Oltarzewski, M.; Virtanen, S.; Rehurkova, I.; Azpiri, M.; Sette, S.; Kersting, M.; Walkiewicz, A.; Serra Majem, Lluís

    [EN]The number of dietary exposure assessment studies focussing on children is very limited. Children are however a vulnerable group due to their higher food consumption level per kg body weight. Therefore, the EXPOCHI project aims [1] to create a relational network of individual food consumption databases in children, covering different geographical areas within Europe, and [2] to use these data to assess the usual intake of lead, chromium, selenium and food colours.


  7. Metodología ABP e inglés en Anatomía

    Angulo Jerez, Antonia; Ausó Monreal, Eva; Campello Blasco, Laura; Esquiva Sobrino, Gema; Fernández Sánchez, Laura; García Velasco, José Víctor; Gómez-Vicente, Violeta; Gutiérrez Flores, Emilio; Noailles, Agustina; Palmero Fernández, Patricia
    Con los nuevos planes de estudios del EEES, desde 2010-11 hasta 2014-15 se viene utilizando la metodología de aprendizaje basado en problemas (ABP) en materias de Anatomía de 2 Grados de la Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud (Enfermería y Nutrición Humana y Dietética), 1 de la Facultad de Educación (Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte) y 1 de la Facultad de Ciencias (Ótica y Optometría) en la Universidad de Alicante. Se pretende analizar y comparar la eficacia de la metodología ABP en relación a otras metodologías que utilizan la prueba objetiva final. Se valora cómo favorecer el...

  8. Associations of the FTO rs9939609 and the MC4R rs17782313 polymorphisms with type 2 diabetes are modulated by diet, being higher when adherence to the Mediterranean diet pattern is low

    Ortega-Azorín, Carolina; Sorlí, José V; Asensio, Eva; Coltell, Oscar; Martínez-González, Miguel Ángel; Salas-Salvado, Jordi; Covas, María Isabel; Aros, Fernando; Lapetra, José; Serra Majem, Lluís; Gómez-Gracia, Enrique; Fiol, Miquel; Sáez-Tormo, Guillermo; Pinto, Xavier; Muñoz, Miguel-Angel; Ros,Emilio; Orodvas, José M; Estruch Massana, A.; Corella, Dolores

    [EN]Although the Fat Mass and Obesity (FTO) and Melanocortin-4 Receptor (MC4R) genes have been consistently associated with obesity risk, the association between the obesity-risk alleles with type 2 diabetes is still controversial. In some recent meta-analyses in which significant results have been reported, the associations disappeared after adjustment for body mass index (BMI). However gene-diet interactions with dietary patterns have not been investigated. Our main aim was to analyze whether these associations are modulated by the level of adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MedDiet).


  9. Blood pressure values and depression in hypertensive individuals at high cardiovascular risk

    Mejía-Lancheros, Cilia; Estruch, Ramón; Martínez-González, Miguel Ángel; Salas Salvado, Jordi; Corella, Dolores; Gómez-Gracia, Enrique; Fiol, Miquel; Santos, José Manuel; Fitó, Montse; Arós, Fernando; Serra Majem, Lluís; Pinto, Xavier; Basora, Josep; Sorli,José Vicente; Muñoz, Miguel-Angel

    [EN]Hypertension and depression are both important risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Nevertheless, the association of blood pressure on and depression has not been completely established. This study aims to analyze whether depression may influence the control of blood pressure in hypertensive individuals at high cardiovascular risk


  10. Adecuación de los hábitos nutricionales y de actividad física de adolescentes escolarizados en la ciudad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria a las recomendaciones saludables

    Cabrera Naranjo, María del Pino
    Programa de doctorado: Clínica y terapéutica (Interdepartamental)

  11. EFECTO DEL CONSUMO DE UNA HARINA DE MAÍZ ENRIQUECIDA CON SOJA EN EL ESTADO DE NUTRICIÓN DE MUJERES INDÍGENAS DE MÉXICO

    Carrasco Quintero, María del Refugio; Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición. México Distrito Federal.; Ortiz Hernández, Luis; Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición. México Distrito Federal.; Roldán Amaro, José Antonio; Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición. México Distrito Federal.; Chávez Villasana, Adolfo; Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición. México Distrito Federal.; Aguirre Arenas, Judith; Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición. México Distrito Federal.; Aguilar Carrasco, Francisco Raúl; Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición. México Distrito Federal.
    Fundamentos: El problema de la deficiencia de micronutrientes en la dieta habitual tiene un alto impacto, enMéxico afecta a más de 28 millones de habitantes, principalmente mujeres indígenas y de zonas rurales. Una de las soluciones es la suplementación alimentaria. El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar el impacto de una harina de maíz enriquecida con proteína de soja en mujeres indígenas de áreas rurales.Método: El estudio se llevó a cabo en el 2010 con una muestra de 308 mujeres mexicanas que vivían en en el medio rural , fue de intervención, longitudinal, doble ciego y aleatorizado. El grupo experimental (n=155)...

  12. Metodología ABP e inglés en anatomía

    Palmero Fernández, Patricia; Angulo Jeréz, Antonia; Ausó Monreal, Eva; Campello Blasco, Laura; Esquiva Sobrino, Gema; Fernández Sánchez, Laura; García Velasco, José Víctor; Gómez-Vicente, Violeta; Gutiérrez Flores, Emilio; Noailles Gil, Mª Agustina
    Con los nuevos planes de estudios del EEES, desde 2010-11 hasta 2014-15 se viene utilizando la metodología de aprendizaje basado en problemas (ABP) en materias de Anatomía de 2 Grados de la Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud (Enfermería y Nutrición Humana y Dietética), 1 de la Facultad de Educación (Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte) y 1 de la Facultad de Ciencias (Óptica y Optometría) en la Universidad de Alicante. Se pretende analizar y comparar la eficacia de la metodología ABP en relación a otras metodologías que utilizan la prueba objetiva final. Se valora cómo favorecer el...

  13. Discursos mediáticos acerca de la política alimentaria para los niños y niñas de sectores subalternos cordobeses

    Ileana Desirée Ibáñez; Juliana Huergo
    El Programa Asistencia Integral Córdoba (PAICor) es la intervención estatal en materia alimentaria-nutricional de mayor envergadura dirigida a niños y niñas que asisten a escuelas públicas de nivel inicial, primario y secundario de la provincia de Córdoba, Argentina, cuyas familias presentan un ingreso inferior al valor monetario de la línea de pobreza o viven en situación social de riesgo. Constituye una política testigo en la regulación y modelización de las experiencias de infancia(s) en contextos subalternos, que periódicamente aparece en el centro de los debates políticos, sociales y mediáticos. El presente trabajo, de carácter interdisciplinario, se configura analíticamente a partir...

  14. La enseñanza de nutrición en la Escuela de Medicina, Facultad de Salud de la Universidad del Valle.

    Grupo de Nutrición Universidad del valle
    Varias de la ciencias necesarias para la comprensión de la nutrición se encuentran en el currículo de los primeros semestres de las disciplinas de la salud. Sin embargo, con frecuencia no existen espacios formales donde este conocimiento pueda integrarse alrededor de individuos aparentemente sanos. Los egresados refieren no haber recibido entrenamiento en nutrición que les permita responder a las necesidades de sus pacientes o comunidad. El núcleo de nutrición tiene como objetivo primordial el que los estudiantes integren los conocimientos adquiridos en el área básica y los utilicen para resolver situaciones individuales y de grupos. Se centra en el estudiante...

  15. Discursos mediáticos acerca de la política alimentaria para los niños y niñas de sectores subalternos cordobeses

    Ibáñez, Ileana Desirée; Huergo, Juliana
    El Programa Asistencia Integral Córdoba (PAICor) es la intervención estatal en materia alimentaria-nutricional de mayor envergadura dirigida a niños y niñas que asisten a escuelas públicas de nivel inicial, primario y secundario de la provincia de Córdoba, Argentina, cuyas familias presentan un ingreso inferior al valor monetario de la línea de pobreza o viven en situación social de riesgo. Constituye una política testigo en la regulación y modelización de las experiencias de infancia(s) en contextos subalternos, que periódicamente aparece en el centro de los debates políticos, sociales y mediáticos. El presente trabajo, de carácter interdisciplinario, se configura analíticamente a partir...

  16. Long-term dietary exposure to lead in young European children: comparing a pan-European approach with a national exposure assessment

    P.E. Boona, P.E.; Te Biesebeeka, J.D.; Sioenb, I; Huybrechtsb, I.; Moschandreasc, J; Ruprichd, J.; Turrinie, A.; Azpirif, M; Buskg, L.; Christensenh, T.; Kerstingi, M.; Lafayj, L; Liukkonenk, K.H.; Papoutsou, P; Serra Majem, Lluís; Traczykn, I.; De Henauwb S.; Van Klaveren, J.D.

    Long-term dietary exposures to lead in young children were calculated by combining food consumption data of 11 European countries categorised using harmonised broad food categories with occurrence data on lead from different Member States (pan-European approach). The results of the assessment in children living in the Netherlands were compared with a long-term lead intake assessment in the same group using Dutch lead concentration data and linking the consumption and concentration data at the highest possible level of detail. Exposures obtained with the pan-European approach were higher than the national exposure calculations. For both assessments cereals contributed most to the exposure....

  17. Safety assessment of plant food supplements (PFS)

    van den Berg, Suzanne; Serra Majem, Lluís; Coppens, Patrick; Rietjens,Ivonne

    Botanicals and botanical preparations, including plant food supplements (PFS), are widely used in Western diets. The growing use of PFS is accompanied by an increasing concern because the safety of these PFS is not generally assessed before they enter the market. Regulatory bodies have become more aware of this and are increasing their efforts to ensure the safety of PFS. The present review describes an overview of the general framework for the safety assessment of PFS, focusing on the different approaches currently in use to assess the safety of botanicals and/or botanical compounds, including their history of safe use, the...

  18. Review of the efficacy of green tea, isoflavones and aloe vera supplements based on randomised controlled trials

    Williamson, Gary; Coppens, Patrick; Serra Majem, Lluís; Dew, Tristan

    We assess the evidence for health benefits of three commonly consumed plant food supplements (PFS), green tea, isoflavone and aloe vera, based on published systematic reviews of randomised controlled trials (RCTs). Whilst the potential benefits of green tea have been reported in a wide range of health areas, it is only in the area of the metabolic syndrome that the number of RCTs is approaching sufficient to judge such efficacy. Isoflavone supplements are widely used, and RCTs indicate that they affect bone resorption at lower doses in postmenopausal women undergoing estrogen-related bone loss, but this is only translated to attenuation...

  19. Plant food supplement (PFS) market structure in EC Member States, methods and techniques for the assessment of individual PFS intake

    Vargas-Murga, Liliana; García-Alvarez, Alicia; Román Viñas, Blanca; Ngo, Joy; Ribas-Barba, Lourdes; van den Berg, Suzanne; Williamson, Gary; Serra Majem, Lluís

    The popularity of herbal products, especially plant food supplements (PFS) and herbal medicine is on the rise in Europe and other parts of the world, with increased use in the general population as well as among specific subgroups encompassing children, women or those suffering from diseases such as cancer. The aim of this paper is to examine the PFS market structures in European Community (EC) Member States as well as to examine issues addressing methodologies and consumption data relating to PFS use in Europe. A revision of recent reports on market data, trends and main distribution channels, in addition an...

  20. Determinants of specific food consumption in the Canary Islands (Spain)

    Núñez González, Eduardo; Serra Majem, Lluís; Fika Hernando, María Luz; Fernández Vallhonrat, Blanca; Bravo Martínez, José; Martín Ferrer, Juan Manuel; Chas Barbeito, Manuela Cristina; Bautista Castaño, Inmaculada

    The consumption of specific functional foods (FF) and some determinants of FF item selection were assessed using a questionnaire administered to 1112 individuals in the Canary Islands (Spain). Food items considered were Milk products: easily digestible milk (or milk low in lactose), milk enriched with vitamins and/or minerals, skimmed milk with soluble fiber, milk with royal jelly, milk with modified fatty acids (omega 3), milk products low in fat, pro-biotic foods (yoghurt and fermented milk) and yoghurt with phytosterols; Cereals: fortified breakfast cereals, wholemeal cereals and energy bars; Drinks: juices and enriched drinks, stimulating drinks and isotonic drinks; DHA-enriched, low...

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