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Nomenclatura Unesco > (32) Ciencias Médicas > (3210) Medicina preventiva

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 2,928

1. La tradición latina de los Tacuina: texto e imagen al servicio de la ciencia médica - González Marrero, José Antonio
During the Middle Ages, the Islamic world was the most important means of difussion of classical Greek science. The Tacuinum Sanitatis written by the Persian Ibn ButÄl¯an (5th A. H. / 11th A. D. century), summarizes the contents of the Hippocratic texts from the fifth and the fourth centuries B.C. These texts give importance to the diet as a balance between man and his environment and food and physical exercises. The Tacuinum sanitatis was composed using an innovative presentation of contents in synoptic tables, which had earlier been used in the field of Astronomy. These tables recommend a practice and preventive medicine to the people of the Middle...

2. Perfil sócio-demográfico de mulheres que sofreram com a violência de gênero no Rio de Janeiro: Subsídios para a enfermagem - Menezes, Jackeline Pestana; Vasconcelos Moura, Maria Aparecida; Netto, Leônidas Albuquerque; Silva, Giuliana Fernandes
INTRODUÇÃO: A violência de gênero ocorre em vários países e atinge uma parcela significativa da população feminina. Essa problemática apresenta um caráter endêmico e pode ocorrer de diferentes formas, em vários espaços da sociedade, independente de classe social, etnia, idade, cultura, ou do grau de desenvolvimento do país. Essa forma de violência está entre as principais causas de morte da população economicamente ativa, o que corresponde à fase reprodutiva da mulher. O referencial de gênero possibilita uma compreensão aprofundada do fenômeno da violência contra a mulher, considerando que as relações entre homens e mulheres não são apenas baseadas na biologia,...

3. The nurse's work on identification of occupational risks in hyperbaric medicine - Barboza, Gabryella Vencionek; Antunes-Cortez, Elaine; Cavalcanti Valente, Geilsa Soraia
  Objetivos: elaborar o mapa de risco; identificar os riscos ocupacionais ao trabalhador da clínica de medicina hiperbárica; descrever ações/ medidas preventivas do enfermeiro do trabalho para minimizar os riscos existentes. Métodos: estudo descritivo e exploratório com abordagem qualitativa. O mapa de riscos foi elaborado utilizando-se o programa Adobe Ilustrator CS3, após autorização. Resultados: o trabalho dos profissionais nas clínicas de Medicina Hiperbárica está envolto em vários fatores de risco ocupacional, destacando-se a probabilidade de incêndio ou explosão que podem ocasionar danos à saúde dos trabalhadores e até mesmo a morte. O enfermeiro do trabalho pode atuar orientando/educando os trabalhadores...

4. Can we predict the health of teenagers 2 years in advance? A preliminary study - Zdanowicz, Nicolas; Jacques, Denis; Reynaert, Christine
OBJECTIVE: A two year follow-up study of a cohort of adolescents on 9 health parameters. METHOD: 325 adolescents were enrolled in April 1999. In addition to answering a general social-demographic questionnaire, they answered Wallston's Multidimensional Locus of Control scale (MHLC) and Olson's questionnaire on family dynamics (FACES III). 10 health indicators were recorded : two analogical visual assessments (VAS) (general coping and feelings of well-being), their concern for their health on a five level Likert scale, Zung's Subjective Depression Scale, and having had to repeat a school year as an indirect indicator of self esteem. Two years later, the sample (n...

5. Systems Approach to Identify Environmental Exposures Contributing to Organ-Specific Carcinogenesis - States, J. Christopher; Ouyang, Ming; Helm, C. William
The most effective way to reduce cancer burden is prevention which is dependent on identifying individuals at risk for a particular cancer and counselling them to avoid exposure to causative agents. Other than a few well characterized environmental agents linked to specific cancers, linkage between any particular environmental exposure and a specific type of cancer is mostly unknown. Thus, we propose a systems approach to analyse publicly available large datasets to identify candidate agents that play a role in organ-specific carcinogenesis. We have tested this approach using publicly available datasets for mRNA and miRNA expression in ovarian cancer to define...

6. Anticholinergic burden in older women: not seeing the wood for the trees? - Parkinson, Lynne; Magin, Parker J.; Thomson, Allison; Byles, Julie E.; Caughey, Gillian E.; Etherton-Beer, Christopher; Gnjidic, Danijela; Hilmer, Sarah N.; Lo, Thomas King Tong; Mccowan, Colin; Moorin, Rachael; Pond, C. Dimity
Objectives: To identify medicines contributing to and describe predictors of anticholinergic burden among community-dwelling older Australian women.

Design, setting and participants: Retrospective longitudinal analysis of data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health linked to Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme medicines data from 1 January 2008 to 30 December 2010; for 3694 women born in 1921–1926.

Main outcome measures: Anticholinergic burden calculated from Anticholinergic Drug Scale (ADS) scores derived from ADS levels (0 to 3) for all medicines used by each woman, summed over each 6-month period (semester), medicines commonly used by women with high semester ADS scores (defined as 75th percentile of...

7. Microbes militant, a challenge to man; the story of modern preventive medicine and control of infectious diseases - Eberson, Frederick, 1892-
Mode of access: Internet.

8. Annual report of the Gorgas Memorial Laboratory. - Gorgas Memorial Laboratory.; Gorgas Memorial Institute of Tropical and Preventive Medicine.; United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs.
50th annual report, covering fiscal year 1978.

9. Promoting health : issued and strategies / - Regional Forums on Community Health Promotion.; Den Boer, James, 1937-; National Center for Health Education, San Francisco, Calif.; National Health Council (U.S.); United States. Office of Health Information and Health Promotion.
Jan. 1979.

10. Living well : an introduction to health promotion and disease prevention / - United States. Office of Health Information, Health Promotion, and Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine.
Mode of access: Internet.

11. Promoting health/preventing disease : objectives for the nation. - United States. Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health.
"November 1980"--Prelim p.

12. Una alimentación de cuidado: : la biomedicalización y la persistencia de la performatividad del género en la comercialización de los alimentos funcionales - Ibáñez Martín, Rebeca; González García, Marta Isabel
Certain aspects of daily life, previously outside the jurisdiction of medicine, are being increasingly defined as medical problems. One such example is the rise of functional foods, which inhabit an unclear boundary between preventive medicine, and just food. In this market, women are a preferred objective, since studies have shown their interest in health issues. This article explores the way in which the image of women in the manufacture and advertising of functional foods reflects the emergence of new "lifestyles" that pose a challenge to the deficit model in public understanding of science and the figuration of women as caregivers.

13. $rec.titulo - Ángel García, D.; Universidad de Murcia, Facultad de Medicina, Departamento de Salud pública y Medicina preventiva. Murcia, España.; Martínez Nicolás, I.; Doctorando en el Departamento de Salud Pública y Medicina Preventiva de la Universidad de Murcia; López Soriano, F.; Médico Anestesista y Gestor de la de la Unidad del Dolor del Hospital Comarcal de Noroeste; Saturno Hernández, P.; Profesor Emérito del Departamento de Salud Pública y Medicina Preventiva de la Universidad de Murcia

14. Chronic kidney disease in disadvantaged populations - Garcia-Garcia,G.; Jha,V.
The increased burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in disadvantaged populations is due to both global factors and population-specific issues. Low socioeconomic status and poor access to care contribute to health care disparities and exacerbate the negative effects of genetic or biological predisposition. Provision of appropriate renal care to these populations requires a two-pronged approach: expanding the reach of dialysis through development of low-cost alternatives that can be practiced in remote locations, and implementation and evaluation of cost-effective prevention strategies. Kidney transplantation should be promoted by expansion of deceased donor transplant programs and use of inexpensive, generic immunosuppressive drugs. The...

15. Predictors of intentions to quit smoking in Aboriginal tobacco smokers of reproductive age in regional New South Wales (NSW), Australia: quantitative and qualitative findings of a cross-sectional survey. - Gould, GS; Watt, K; McEwen, A; Cadet-James, Y; Clough, AR
To assess the predictors of intentions to quit smoking in a community sample of Aboriginal smokers of reproductive age, in whom smoking prevalence is slow to decline.

16. EPMA position paper in cancer: current overview and future perspectives - Grech, Godfrey; Zhan, Xianquan; Yoo, Byong Chul; Bubnov, Rostyslav; Hagan, Suzanne; Danesi, Romano; Vittadini, Giorgio; Desiderio, Dominic M
At present, a radical shift in cancer treatment is occurring in terms of predictive, preventive, and personalized medicine (PPPM). Individual patients will participate in more aspects of their healthcare. During the development of PPPM, many rapid, specific, and sensitive new methods for earlier detection of cancer will result in more efficient management of the patient and hence a better quality of life. Coordination of the various activities among different healthcare professionals in primary, secondary, and tertiary care requires well-defined competencies, implementation of training and educational programs, sharing of data, and harmonized guidelines. In this position paper, the current knowledge to...

17. Lenea Gaelzer, Certificado como ministrante da palestra "Promoção de saúde - atividade de tempo livre" - Departamento de Medicina Preventiva, Saúde Pública e Medicina do Trabalho da Faculdade de Medicina
Certificado à Lenea Gaelzer por ter ministrado palestra sobre a temática “Promoção de saúde – Atividade de tempo livre” que integrou o ciclo de palestras sobre “A saúde e o crescimento intelectual da criança”. O evento foi promovido pelo Departamento de Medicina Preventiva, Saúde Pública e Medicina do Trabalho da Faculdade de Medicina. O mesmo ocorreu de 31de Agosto a 09 de Novembro de 1979.

18. The Spanish Working Group on MDR-TB† - Servicio De Microbiologı́a; Hospital Universitario; Miguel Servet; Medicina Preventiva Y Salud
We used spoligotyping and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) of the IS6110-insertion sequence to study the molecular epidemiology of multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis in Spain. We analyzed 180 Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex isolates collected between January 1998 and December 2000. Consecutive isolates from the same patients (n 23) always had identical genotypes, meaning that no cases of reinfection occurred. A total of 105 isolates (58.3%) had unique RFLP patterns, whereas 75 isolates (41.7%) were in 20 different RFLP clusters. Characterization of the katG and rpoB genes showed that 14 strains included in the RFLP clusters did not actually cluster. Only 33.8 %...

19. EPMA summit 2014 under the auspices of the presidency of Italy in the EU: professional statements - Golubnitschaja, Olga; Costigliola, Vincenzo;
Over the next 10–20 years, a pessimistic prognosis considers pandemic scenario for type 2 diabetes mellitus, neurodegenerative disorders and some types of cancer followed by the economic disaster of healthcare systems in a global scale. Well-recognised deficits of currently provided medical services result from the delayed ‘disease care’. Herewith EPMA releases the long-term strategies for the effective promotion of predictive, preventive and personalised medicine (PPPM) considered as the medicine of the future. Under the EPMA-umbrella, an international forum of currently 45 countries is actively contributing to the development and implementation of the innovative PPPM concepts. EPMA is open for collaboration...

20. Responsabilitat professional mèdica. Barcelona ciutat: 2004-2009 - Giménez Pérez, Mª Dolors
Professional responsibility in medicine exists since the beginning of medicine itself. The Hammurabi Code, which dates from 1728 bC, already mentions some articles related to the professional responsibility of the doctor. In all eras, laws and medicine haven been forced to adapt to all the scientific advances and social changes that haven been made. Medical responsibility has has had to change as well. The current approach of responsibility is not supposed to be anymore the search of “guilt” but the searching of all those factors that have influenced in a non desired attending procedure so that it has provoked in a...

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