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Nomenclatura Unesco > (32) Ciencias Médicas > (3210) Medicina preventiva

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 2,823

1. Wishing you continuing good health, - William R. Ware; William R. Ware
The main topics covered in this issue are scans that directly measure the extent of coronary atherosclerosis, chelation therapy for heart disease, salt intake reduction to reduce cardiovascular risk, the risk of cancer associated with low cholesterol, and finally the cancer risk associated with medical radiation. This selection represents the continuing belief that avoiding cardiovascular disease and cancer are among the very most important issues in preventive medicine. In addition, a number of topics are briefly discussed including risk factors for kidney cancer, the merits of combining coenzyme Q-10 with statin therapy, and the connection between childhood metabolic syndrome and...

2. Isolation of Leptospira spp. from a man living in a rural area of the Municipality of Cruz Alta, RS, Brazil - Silva,Felipe Jorge da; Silva,Glaucenyra Cecília Pinheiro; Loffler,Sylvia Grune; Brihuega,Bibiana; Samartino,Luis Ernesto; Alarcon,Miguel Frederico Fernandez; Santos,Carlos Eduardo Pereira dos; Mathias,Luis Antonio
The aim of this study was to describe the isolation of a pathogenic strain of Leptospira interrogans from the urine sample of a male human living in the rural area of the County of Cruz Alta, Rio Grande do Sul. An aliquot of each urine sample was sown in a Fletcher and Ellinghausen - McCullough - Johnson - Harris (EMJH) media. Samples in which there was growth of spirochetes were sent to the Leptospirosis Laboratory of the Institute of Pathobiology in the National Institute of Agricultural Technology, Buenos Aires, Argentina and were typified by the Multiple Locus of Variable Number...

3. Ten-Year (1993 – 2002) Retrospective Evaluation of Vaccination of - I. G* Adetunji; V. O James; V. O Alonge
Record books in form of one thousand, four hundred and seventy eight (1478) registers, case notes and vaccination certificates of registered dogs were assessed for rabies vaccination and its booster coverage. The dogs which consisted of 850 males and 628 females were presented at the Small Animal and Preventive Veterinary Medicine Clinics, Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Ibadan between January 1993 and December 2002. Among the registered dogs, 155 (10.5%) with annual mean of 9.1 + 9.1 % were vaccinated. Although more females (83 or 13.2%) were vaccinated than male dogs (72 or 8.5%), the difference was not significant (p>0.05)....

4. SPECIAL THEME: NUTRITIONAL EPIDEMIOLOGY When the population approach to prevention puts the health of individuals at risk - Jean Adams; Martin White
The population approach to prevention has been described as one of the ‘absolute truths ’ of preventive medicine. However, when the relationship between risk factor exposure levels and associated risk is J-shaped the population approach can increase risk in a small number of individuals. There is evidence that the relationship between a variety of exposures and all-cause morbidity and mortality is J-shaped. However, such relationships are often overlooked by epidemiological investigations which focus on cause-specific morbidity and mortality. Although the overall beneficial effect of population interventions may outweigh any negative effect seen, the effect on the individuals concerned should not...

5. Direct webiste - Annabelle Mooney; Srikant Sarangi
ICT (Information Communication Technologies) such as Websites, internet are increasingly being seen as a medium of information exchange in all spheres of life. In relation to health care, the internet has the capacity to create more informed patients and can potentially transform the doctor-patient relationship, accompanied by a shift to preventive medicine, autonomy and self-care. In this overview paper, we examine the recently launched NHS Direct Website in the UK, paying particular attention to the design features of information-organisation, with implied end-users in sight. We suggest that the Website performs two primary roles: first, as a provider of information, and...

6. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF HUMAN INFECTION WITH THE NOVEL VIRUS INFLUENZA A (H1H1) IN THE - I Department Of Preventive Medicine; Denise Schout; I Ludhmila; Abrahao Hajjar; Ii Filomena; Regina Barbosa Gomes
doi: 10.1590/S1807-59322009001000014

7. Preventive Medicine and Biometrics Uniformed Services University - Chang-tien Lu; Yufeng Kou; Hongjun Wang; Dechang Chen
Spatial outliers are spatially referenced objects whose non-spatial attribute values are significantly different from those of other spatially referenced objects in their spatial neigh-borhoods. Informally, a spatial outlier is a local instability,

8. BURSA EN AVES - Rev Inv Vet Perú; Laboratorio De Medicina Veterinaria Preventiva; Comparación De; Una Prueba; De Elisa Estándar; Y Elisa De; Rango Extendido; Para La; Enfermedad Infecciosa; De La; Magali Salas M; Eliana Icochea; Gavidia Ch
A total of 180 paired serum samples from 3 breeder groups (broiler’s grandparents and parents), and layers) were used to detect antibodies against the Infectious Bursal Disease virus through the ELISA test. Animals were tested at three ages (1-3 days, 16, and 27 weeks of age). Two commercial kits were tested: the standard ELISA (ELISA-IBD) and the new named Extended Range ELISA (ELISA-XR). The latter detected higher titres of antibodies than the ELISA-IBD. Broiler’s parents had the higher levels of antibodies indicating better immune response than the other two groups. The titre distribution had a more uniform distribution using the...

9. Por qué Colombia no es un país líder en la categoría bienestar del sector turismo de salud - Hernández Piedrahita, Viviana; Forero Romero, Olga Lucía
El documento presenta el análisis del sector turismo de la salud como una industria que exhibe varias modalidades, cuyo tema mencionado fue el objeto de estudio de la presente investigación, por ser considerado una sección específicamente en Colombia que tiene la oportunidad de convertirse en uno de clase mundial a través de las categorías de medicina curativa, preventiva, estética y bienestar

10. Análisis del programa de salud ocupacional de la policía nacional en la dirección administrativa y financiera - Rincón Martinez, Sandra Bibiana
Dentro del medio laboral, el trabajador interactúa con diferentes condiciones de trabajo que pueden afectarlo positiva o negativamente. Por eso el trabajo puede convertirse en un instrumento tanto de salud como de enfermedades para el individuo, la empresa y la sociedad. Los efectos desfavorables de las condiciones de trabajo con: los accidentes de trabajo, enfermedades profesionales, ausentismo, rotación de personal y mal clima laboral se traducen en una disminución de la productividad de la empresa y en el deterioro de la calidad de vida de los trabajadores. La Salud Ocupacional busca la intervención de varias disciplinas y con la participación...

11. to in
Preventive Medicine 40 (20Background. Research has recently adopted the use of social–ecological models in the study of physical activity. Few studies, however, have addressed the influence of the environment on activity using Geographic Information System (GIS)-derived measures of environmental attributes and self-report ratings of other environmental attributes. Even fewer have examined walking behaviors. Methods. Self-report measures of physical activity, social support, self-efficacy, and perceived neighborhood environment were obtained by means of a Computer-Assisted-Telephone-Interview (CATI) survey of 1,281 residents of Rockhampton, Queensland. Over 94 % (1,215) of respondents ’ residential locations were successfully geocoded into the existing city council GIS database....

12. 1 PREVENTIVE MEDICINE: - Margaret Gibelman Dsw; Sheldon R. Gelman; Ph. D; David I. Schachne Dean
International Society for Third-Sector Research (ISTR)

13. Toward a better understanding of the influences on physical activity: the role of determinants, correlates, causal variables - Adrian E. Bauman; James F. Sallis; David A. Dzewaltowski; Neville Owen
Background: For research on physical activity interventions to progress systematically, the mechanisms of action must be studied. In doing so, the research methods and their associated concepts and terminology become more complex. It is particularly important to clearly distinguish among determinants, correlates, mediators, moderators, and confounder variables used in physical activity research. This article examines the factors that are correlated with and that may have a causal relationship to physical activity. Methods and Results: We propose that the term “correlate ” be used, instead of “determinant, ” to describe statistical associations or correlations between measured variables and physical activity. Studies...

14. Research Articles Commuting to School Are Children Who Walk More Physically Active? - Ashley R. Cooper; Lucy J. Foster; Dina Qahwaji
Background: The journey to school is an opportunity for increasing children’s daily physical activity. However, the contribution that active commuting to school makes to overall physical activity is unknown. This study used objective measurement to investigate the physical activity patterns of children by mode of travel to school. Methods: Primary-school children wore an accelerometer programmed to record minute-by-minute physical activity for 7 days and completed a brief questionnaire describing their usual travel to school. The total volume of physical activity and the time spent in activity of at least moderate intensity, as recorded by the accelerometer, was estimated for weekdays...

15. Research Articles Environmental Interventions for Eating and Physical Activity A Randomized Controlled Trial in Middle Schools - John E. Alcaraz
Background: Our objective was to evaluate the effects of environmental, policy, and social marketing interventions on physical activity and fat intake of middle school students on campus. Design: Twenty-four middle schools were randomly assigned to intervention or control conditions. Baseline measures were collected in spring 1997, and interventions were conducted during the 1997–1998 and 1998–1999 school years. Setting/ participants: The schools had mean enrollments of 1109, with 44.5 % nonwhite students. Intervention: Over 2 years, physical activity interventions were designed to increase physical activity in physical education classes and throughout the school day. Nutrition interventions were designed to provide and...

16. Faculdade de Ciências Médicas. - Maria Cecilia; Goi Porto Alvesi; Maria Lima; Salum Moraisi; Maria Mercedes Loureiro; Moisés Goldbaumii; Marilisa Berti De Azevedo; Chester Luiz; Galvão Cesariv; Luana Carandinav; Medicina Preventiva; Paulo Sp Brasil; Campinas Sp; Saúde Pública Faculdade; Maria Cecília; Goi Porto Alves
Household sampling in slums in surveys OBJECTIVE: To identify the advantages and disadvantages of using segments compared to a complete address list, for the selection of households in a multistage cluster sampling in slums. METHODOLOGICAL PROCEDURES: A qualitative study was performed in four slums selected by the São Paulo Municipal Health Survey of 2008, and the two selection techniques were applied. Focal groups were performed with fi eld researchers, including the persons making the list of addresses and the interviewers. The content of the conversations were analyzed, grouped in categories and organized in themes. ANALYSIS OF RESULTS: Use of household...

17. Book Review Evidence-Based Public Health, Second Edition - C. Brownson; Elizabeth A. Baker; Terry L. Leet; Kathleen N. Gillespie; William R. True
Ross Brownson et al. have completed a new edition of their book entitled, Evidence-Based Public Health, a text designed for students and practitioners in the fields of public health, preventive medicine, and public policy. The main purpose of this second edition, and also their original book published in 2003, is to introduce readers to the concepts and practice of evidence-based public health (1). The au-thors make a strong argument for following a step-by-step process in designing and implementing public health pro-grams that involves careful examination of and contribution to the evidence base. The authors compellingly contrast the dearth of evidence...

18. Reviews of Evidence Regarding Interventions to Increase Use of Child Safety Seats
motor vehicle crashes. Yet approximately 29 % of children aged 4 years and younger do not ride in appropriate child safety seat restraints, which, when correctly installed and used, reduce the need for hospitalization in this age group by 69 % and the risk of death by approximately 70 % for infants and by 47 % to 54 % for toddlers (aged 1 to 4 years). Methods: The systematic review development team reviewed the scientific evidence of effectiveness for five interventions to increase child safety seat use. For each intervention, changes in the use of child safety seats or injury...

19. MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOAL INDICATORS...................................................... xxv
This report summarizes the findings of the 2005 Moldova Demographic and Health Survey (MDHS 2005), which was conducted by the National Scientific and Applied Center for Preventive Medicine (NCPM) of the Ministry of Health and Social Protection (MOHSP). Funding for the project was provided by the United States Agency for

20. Nuevas estrategias para la prevención secundaria del cancer de cuello uterino - Vidart Aragón, José Antonio
La incidencia actual del cáncer de cuello uterino se estima en 5.300.000 nuevos casos por año en el mundo y una mortalidad de 275.000 casos. El 80% de estos casos se distribuyen por países en vías de desarrollo. El cribado, debe ser poblacional, es decir, iniciativa de salud pública, con un test previamente validado, basado en la asistencia primaria. No ofrece garantías individuales. Su criterio básico es la eficiencia. La citología vaginal es la mejor técnica jamás utilizada por la Medicina Preventiva ya que en los países con cobertura suficiente y aplicación adecuada, la reducción de la incidencia / mortalidad se puede...

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