Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 4.154

  1. Pox Britannica: Smallpox Inoculation in Britain, 1721-1830

    Brunton, Deborah Christian
    Inoculation has an important place in the history of medicine: not only was it the first form of preventive medicine but its history spans the so-called eighteenth century 'medical revolution'. A study of the myriad of pamphlets, books and articles on the controversial practice casts new light on these fundamental changes in the medical profession and medical practice. Whereas historians have associated the abandonment of old humoural theories and individualised therapy in favour of standardised techniques with the emergence of new institutions in the second half of the century, inoculation suggests that changes began as early as the 1720s. Though...

  2. Essays on labor market contracts' design and implications on workers' incentives and productivity

    Dizioli, Allan
    When an employer decides to hire particular workers, one of her most important decisions is to design a work contract that assures the right incentives for her employees and promotes behavior that maximizes workers' productivity and profits. ^ At the macroeconomic level, different contract design generates different equilibrium patterns and different policy implications. At the microeconomic level, different contract designs generate a structure of incentives for teams of workers in firms. Thus, identifying characteristics of optimal contracts is an indispensable tool to generate economic models with testable implications. This dissertation contains two essays that discuss how dissimilar contract designs can...

  3. 4 Naval Environmental and Preventive Medicine Unit 2

    Chad K. Porter; Dennis J. Faix; Danny Shiau; Jennifer Espiritu; Benjamin J. Espinosa; Mark S. Riddle
    ce pt ed M an us cr ipt


    Vibrio fischeri, Vibrio splendidus and Photobacterium phosphoreum are among the earliest known non patho-genic species of vibrios. They were described by the dutch microbiologist Martinus Willem Beijerinck,

  5. Simulation Study of

    Ed. He; Edes Price
    NOTE. 155p.; Report of three conferences spons red by the


    Sarah E. Werner; Sarah E. Werner
    Part of the Pediatrics Commons, and the Preventive Medicine Commons This Selective Evidence-Based Medicine Review is brought to you for free and open access by the Student Dissertations, Theses and Papers at DigitalCommons@PCOM. It has been accepted for inclusion in PCOM Physician Assistant Studies Student Scholarship by an authorized

  7. Running Head: CHRONIC DISEASE PREVALENCE 1 Chronic Disease Prevalence of a Refugee Population in Dayton, OH

    Core Scholar; Sandeep Palakodeti; Sandeep Palakodeti
    Part of the Community Health and Preventive Medicine Commons This Master's Culminating Experience is brought to you for free and open access by the Master of Public Health Program at CORE Scholar. It has been accepted for inclusion in Master of Public Health Program Student Publications by an authorized administrator of CORE Scholar. For more information, please contact

  8. In her introduction to Prophylactic Topics (1916), a housewife’s medical guide published on behalf of the National Associa-

    Waring summarized the goals of many Progressive-Era African Amer-ican club women: “If with intelligence and skill the homemaker can learn to do the work of the sanitary inspector and health officer we feel that we have not labored in vain ” (i).1 For Waring, the black republican mother must be a hygienic home surveyor whose moral influence, mixed in with a generous dose of medicalized domesticity, would raise properly sanitary—and assimilable—African American citizens for a US global empire.2 In handy mnemonic charts, she instructed Afri-can American women in tasks that would allow them to be “star performer[s] ” on the...


    Júlio De Mesquita Filho; Faculdade De; Medicina Veterinária; Avaliação Do; Efeito Da; Toxina Épsilon; Do Clostridium; Darby Canine; Kidney Cell; Marina Castro; Ferrarezi Soares; Médica Veterinária; Araçatuba Sp; Universidade Estadual Paulista; Júlio De Mesquita Filho; Faculdade De; Medicina Veterinária; Avaliação Do; Efeito Da; Toxina Épsilon; Do Clostridium
    perfringens EM MONOCAMADAS DE CÉLULAS MDCK (MADIN-DARBY CANINE KIDNEY CELL) Tese de Doutorado apresentada junto ao curso de Pós-graduação em Ciência Animal, área Medicina Veterinária Preventiva, para obtenção do título de

  10. European Journal of Preventive Medicine

    Ahmed M. S. Hegazy; Basem M. M. Salama; Ahmed M. M. Elgaml; Ahmed Ramzy Alzyat
    Association of low back pain with vitamin D deficiency and other common risk factors: A hospital based case-control study

  11. REVIEW ARTICLE Do our patients receive maximum benefit from preventive care? A North

    American Perspective; W W Rosser; H Lamberts
    SUMMARY Politicians, their constituents and family physi-cians believe that preventive medicine is essential if health care is to be improved. Family physicians believe that the majority of their patients are well cared for with preventive health care services but in reality preventive services are provided to less than half the population and some to fewer than 10%. Barriers to providing preventive care include the selection of procedures of unproven effectiveness, public unawareness of the benefits of the procedure and practical obstacles for physicians providing the services. Assessment of each of these barriers indicates how preventive care can be improved. Narrowing...

  12. Annals of Internal Medicine The Association between Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Impaired Fasting Glucose and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Men

    Ming Wei; Chong D. Lee; Steven N. Blair
    Background: Several studies show an inverse association between self-reported physical activity and type 2 diabe-tes. It is not known whether physical activity or cardiores-piratory fitness is associated with the onset of objectively determined impaired fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes. Objective: To determine whether cardiorespiratory fit-ness, an objective marker of physical activity, is associated with risk for impaired fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes. Design: Population-based prospective study. Setting: Preventive medicine clinic. Patients: 8633 nondiabetic men (of whom 7511 did not have impaired fasting glucose) who were examined at least twice. Measurements: Cardiorespiratory fitness (determined by a maximal exercise test...

  13. Commentary A Model of Care for Familial Hypercholesterolaemia: Key Role for Clinical Biochemistry

    Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) is a dominantly inherited disorder present from birth that causes marked elevation in plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol concentrations and premature coronary heart disease. There are at least 45,000 people with FH in Australia and New Zealand, but most remain unrecognised and those diagnosed remain inadequately treated. To bridge this gap in coronary prevention the FH Australasia Network has developed a model of care for FH. An executive summary of the model of care is presented, with a commentary on its recommendations and the key role of the clinical biochemistry laboratory. Context Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) is a...

  14. Discussion and Conclusions

    Our study supports the evidence that there are common risk factors for SD in men and women such as socio-demographic, general health and CV risk factors. A stronger correlation between CDV disease and poor sexual function was expected, if it wasn’t for the shortness of our sample. However, even without statistical significance, all CDV disease were associated with a diminishing of sexual function when comparing with apparently healthy people. As ED usually precedes a CV event, prevention and correct management of this situation could have a positive impact on the individual and public health. Thus, all patients presented with SD...

  15. Publication Info

    James F. Thrasher; Christine Jackson; Edna Arillo-santillán; James D. Sargent; James F. Thrasher; Christine Jackson; Edna Arillo-santillán; James D; Sargent Md
    NOTICE: This is the author's version of a work that was accepted for publication in American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication.

  16. Part of the Community Health and Preventive Medicine Commons, and the Trauma Commons Recommended Citation

    Adeel Ahmed Khan; Zafar Fatmi
    Strategies for prevention of road traffic injuries (RTIs) in Pakistan: situational analysis.

  17. The US Air Force Aerial Spray Unit: A History of 54

    Mg Russell; J. Czerw; Col Mustapha Debboun; Usa Jerome; A. Klun; Col James; A. Swaby; Usaf James; C. Mcavin; Desmond H. Foley; Phd Et Al
    preventive medicine:

  18. $rec.titulo

    The greatest public health benefit of the advances brought about by the understanding of the human genome, completely sequenced in 2000, will likely occur as genomic medicine expands its focus from rare genetic disorders towards the inclusion of more common diseases also, such as coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus, cancer and infectious disease. Advances in Genomics hold the promise of improving the delivery of health care, particularly that of preventive medicine, and of tailoring drug treatment. The recently approved Italian National Prevention Plan assigns an important potential role for health promotion and prevention of diseases to predictive medicine, thus confirming

  19. Preventive Veterinary Medicine

    Tim E. Carpenter; Victor L. Coggins; United States; Forest Service; Chans S. O'brien; Joshua M. O'brien; Tim E. Carpenter; Victor L. Coggins; Clinton Mccarthy; Chans S. O'brien; Joshua M. O'brien; Timothy J; Tim E. Carpenterb; Victor L. Cogginsc; Clinton Mccarthyd; Chans S. O’briene
    A spatial risk assessment of bighorn sheep extirpation bygrazing domestic sheep on public lands

  20. [please include Day Month

    Ana Fernández-somoano; Adonina Tardon; Carlos Iii; Ana Fernández-somoano; Área De Medicina Preventiva Y; Salud Pública; Facultad De; Somoano A Tardon A
    Socioeconomic status and exposure to outdoor

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