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Nomenclatura Unesco > (32) Ciencias Médicas > (3210) Medicina preventiva

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 2,774

1. Partnership for Health - Ipr/department Of Preventive Medicine; Popular Opinion Leader (pol; Street Smart
A small-group intervention with young people living with HIV/AIDS

2. Partnership for Health - Ipr/department Of Preventive Medicine; Popular Opinion Leader (pol; Street Smart
A small-group intervention with young people living with HIV/AIDS

3. Effectiveness of Multicomponent Programs with Community Mobilization for Reducing Alcohol-Impaired Driving - Ruth A. Shults; Y W. Elder; James L. Nichols; David A. Sleet; Richard Compton; Sajal K. Chattopadhyay; Task Force; Community Preventive Services
A systematic review was conducted to determine the effectiveness and economic efficiency of multicomponent programs with community mobilization for reducing alcohol-impaired driving. The review was conducted for the Guide to Community Preventive Services (Community Guide). Six studies of programs qualified for the review. Programs addressed a wide range of alcohol-related concerns in addition to alcohol-impaired driving. The programs used various crash-related outcomes to measure their effectiveness. Two studies examined fatal crashes and reported declines of 9 % and 42%; one study examined injury crashes and reported a decline of 10%; another study examined crashes among young drivers aged 16–20 years...

4. Recommendations to Increase Physical Activity in Communities Task Force on Community Preventive Services
endurance, decision making, evidence-based medicine, economics, preventive health

5. In the current issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, the Community Preventive Services - Philip J. Cook
Task Force (Task Force) provides a set of review and recommendation papers on the privatization of alcohol sales, which is very timely, to say the least. 1,2 In the November 2011 election, voters in Washington State endorsed Initiative Measure 1183, which has the effect of taking that state out of the business of selling spirits to the public. By June 2012, the Liquor Control Board will no longer operate state stores (or state “contract ” stores) or set retail prices. The state facilities are to be privatized by auction, and new retail locations will be licensed. Several of the other...

6. Partnership for Health - Andrea L. Witkin; California State; Ipr/department Of Preventive Medicine; Popular Opinion Leader (pol; Street Smart
A small-group intervention with young people living with HIV/AIDS Technical Assistance Guide

7. Open Journal of Preventive Medicine - Amna Umer; Roger A. Edwards
Expanding public health professionals ’ roles in promoting and supporting breastfeeding as optimal infant feeding: A pilot study with online tutorial implications

8. Effectiveness of Mass Media Campaigns for Reducing Drinking and Driving and Alcohol-Involved Crashes: A Systematic Review - Y W. Elder; Ruth A. Shults; David A. Sleet; James L. Nichols
A systematic review of the effectiveness of mass media campaigns for reducing alcoholimpaired driving (AID) and alcohol-related crashes was conducted for the Guide to Community Preventive Services (Community Guide). In eight studies that met quality criteria for inclusion in the review, the median decrease in alcohol-related crashes resulting from the campaigns was 13 % (interquartile range: 6 % to 14%). Economic analyses of campaign effects indicated that the societal benefits were greater than the costs. The mass media campaigns reviewed were generally carefully planned, well executed, attained adequate audience exposure, and were implemented in conjunction with other ongoing prevention activities,...

9. DOI: 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2010.03.001Manuscript 10. Paper 3 JFE 030209 1 - Jehan Ettema; Søren Østergaard; Anders Ringgaard Kristensen
Modelling the economic impact of three lameness causing diseases using herd and cow level evidence Final preprint (accepted version) of article published in Preventive Veterinary Medicine. Please cite as: Ettema, J., Østergaard, S. & Kristensen, A.R. 2010. Modelling the economic impact of three lameness causing diseases using herd and cow level evidence. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 95, 64-73.

10. The Guide to Community Preventive Services A Public Health Imperative - Lloyd F. Novick; Alex Kelter
Community Guide) promises to be a substantial and necessary tool in collective efforts to improve the public health. This supplement to the American Journal of Preventive Medicine (AJPM) is important, not only for its content, but for the example provided of this approach in practice and policymaking. Painstaking and meticulous methodology yielded extensive reviews of evidence relevant to the reduction of injuries to motor vehicle occupants by increasing child safety seat use, increasing safety belt use, and reducing alcohol-impaired driving. The evidence is then weighed, with a specified protocol, to determine if recommendations can be formulated. 1–3 Akin to the...

11. Asthma and Social Justice How to Get Remediation Done - Johnna S. Murphy; Megan T. S
Given the compelling evidence that conditions within the home can worsen asthma symptoms, creating access to housing inspections and other legal services in the healthcare setting can be an effective way of addressing asthma risks related to the home. The systematic review 1 published in this supplement to the American Journal of Preventive Medicine found that multicomponent, home-based interventions with an environmental focus might be effective in improving overall quality of life for children with asthma. Health issues relating to housing conditions require a multidisciplinary approach, and we suggest that this approach stretch beyond the scope of traditional medicine. Partnerships...

12. The Effectiveness of Interventions to Increase Physical Activity A Systematic Review
The Guide to Community Preventive Service’s methods for systematic reviews were used to evaluate the effectiveness of various approaches to increasing physical activity: informational, behavioral and social, and environmental and policy approaches. Changes in physical activity behavior and aerobic capacity were used to assess effectiveness. Two informational interventions (“point-of-decision ” prompts to encourage stair use and community-wide campaigns) were effective, as were three behavioral and social interventions (school-based physical education, social support in community settings, and individually-adapted health behavior change) and one environmental and policy intervention (creation of or enhanced access to places for physical activity combined with informational outreach...

13. Commentary on the emerging Guide to Community Preventive Services from a health promotion perspective - Lawrence W. Green; Marshall W. Kreuter
It probably could not have happened much sooner: the need for a systematically evidence-based guide to community preventive services was widely felt, but without the methodologic developments in community research, program evaluation, and data synthesis of recent years, it might have been a futile exercise in attempting to replicate the Cochrane-style reviews of randomized clinical trials. Without the explosion of community studies of health promotion and disease prevention programs in recent years, the pool of data would have been too shallow to produce much depth of understanding or breadth of generalizability. The timing of the exercise reported in the pages...

14. Foreword Note from the Surgeon General
At the intersection of public health and transportation safety is the concern for reducing injuries to motor vehicle occupants. Progress in motor vehicle injury prevention stands out as one of the ten significant public health achievements of the 20th Century. 1 Although six times as many Americans drive today as did in 1925, covering ten times as many miles in eleven times as many vehicles, the annual death rate from motor vehicle crashes has decreased 90%. Yet approximately 40,000 Americans of all ages still die each year as a result of motor vehicle trauma. Motor vehicle crashes are not “accidents,”...

15. Inner-City Environments and Mitigation of Cockroach Allergen - Michelle L. Sever; Päivi M. Salo; Amber K. Haynes; Darryl C. Zeldin
Exposure and sensitization to indoor allergens are important risk factors for asthma. While the role of indoor allergen exposure in the development of allergic sensitization and the onset of asthma remains a subject of controversy, there is strong evidence that indoor allergens play a key role in exacerbation of existing asthma, particularly in sensitized individuals. 1 In this supplement to the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Crocker and coworkers 2 advocate for a multi-trigger, multicomponent, home-based environmental intervention for the reduction of morbidity in asthmatic children and adolescents. This is appropriate guidance when dealing with the general population; however, inner-city...

16. Articles Recommendations Regarding Interventions to Reduce Tobacco Use and Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke Task Force on Community Preventive Services
medicine, meta-analysis, practice guidelines, preventive health services, public health

17. Journal of Preventive Medicine by the Task Force - J. Niels Rosenquist; Lori L. Westphal
medicine, practice guidelines, preventive health services, public health practice,

18. 4. Section of Preventive Medicine - E Garcia-pachon (egpachon@gmail. Com; I Escribano; Jc Rodriguez; M Ruiz; Jm Ramos; Jf Navarro; G Royo
have been associated with outbreaks and multidrug resistance. We performed a retrospective thirteen-year surveillance study (1993 of the available isolates from 332 cases of tuberculosis tested of an immigrant patient from Senegal with pulmonary tuberculosis. The strain was not drug resistant and besides six close contact persons that were infected no secondary cases of this strain were low and there is no evidence of transmission or higher virulence. Molecular epidemiology studies have revealed a genotype of M. tuberculosis strains that seem to possess selective advantages compared with other strains, have increased virulence and are sometimes associated with multidrug resistance [1,2]....

19. herd-level information using a - Jehan Ettema; Søren Østergaard; Anders Ringgaard Kristensen
Estimation of probability for the presence of claw and hoof diseases by combing cow- and herd-level information using a Bayesian network Preprint (from PhD thesis) of article later published in Preventive Veterinary Medicine. Please cite as: Ettema, J., Østergaard, S. & Kristensen, A.R. 2009. Estimation of probability for the presence of claw and hoof diseases by combing cow- and herd-level information using a Bayesian network. Preventive Veterinary

20. Editorials and Commentary Shared Medical Decision Making A New Tool for Preventive Medicine - Robert M. Kaplan
The development of methods for shared medical decision-making is recognized by many groups as an important priority. 1–7 A search of PUBMED under the heading of “shared decision ” now produces about 100 hits per year. This issue of the Journal includes two important reports evaluating the potential of shared decision-making in preventive medicine. Sheridan et al. 8 offer a commentary on the relationship between shared decision-making and recommendations offered by the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF). Briss et al., 9 representing the Task Force on Community Preventive Services, reviewed shared decision-making and informed decision-making in relation to...

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