A Population Perspective on How Personalized Medicine Can Improve Health - Khoury, Muin J.; Gwinn, Marta; Glasgow, Russell E.; Kramer, Barnett S.
The term P4 medicine is used to denote an evolving field of medicine that uses systems biology approaches and information technologies to enhance wellness rather than just treat disease. Its four components include predictive, preventive, personalized, and participatory medicine. In the current paper, it is argued that in order to fulfill the promise of P4 medicine, a “fifth P” must be integrated--the population perspective--into each of the other four components. A population perspective integrates predictive medicine into the ecologic model of health; applies principles of population screening to preventive medicine; uses evidence-based practice to personalize medicine; and grounds participatory medicine...
Developing housing prototypes for the elderly in an ageing society - Paranagamage, Primali
The aim of this research is to envision housing prototypes for the elderly through a holistic approach considering the needs of an ageing society. As the demographic profile of the population changes, strategies that encourage people to stay independent, active, safe and well as possible to participate and contribute to society are becoming important. To realize such an end, all local services such as housing, health, social care, leisure, transport and education etc need to be integrated to work as a whole system to facilitate independent living but also balancing interdependence with family, community and neighbourhood, brought about by age....
Background: Residents of care homes are at risk of colonisation and infection with antibiotic resistant bacteria, but there is little evidence that antibiotic resistance among such patients is associated with worse outcomes than among older people living in their own homes. Our aim was to compare the prevalence of antibiotic resistant bacteria and clinical outcomes in older patients admitted to hospital with acute infections from care homes versus their own homes.
Methods: We enrolled patients admitted to Ninewells Hospital in 2005 who were older than 64 years with onset of acute community acquired respiratory tract, urinary tract or skin and soft...
Guía de salud del soldado y el marinero. Español - Instituto de Medicina Preventiva de la Defensa; España. Ministerio de Defensa. Secretaría General Técnica
Ed. act. por el Instituto de Medicina Preventiva de la Defensa "Capitán Médico Ramón y Cajal" (sept. 2009)
Plan de vigilancia entomológica en zona de operaciones. Aproximación al estudio de anofelinos (Diptera, Culicidae) y riesgo entomológico asociado en las bases de Herat y Qala I Naw - Lacasa Navarro, J.; Melero Alcíbar, Rosario; Pérez Rico, A.; Santos Ramírez, Angel; Salgado Morcillo, F.J.; Fuentes Gutiérrez, S.; Rubio Muñoz, J.M.; Ruiz Contreras, S.; Molina Moreno, Ricardo; Vega Plá, José Luis
Introduction: Any information obtained to contribute to the assessment of the risk of malaria outbreaks in the force deployed in area of operations is of greatest interest to preventive medicine services. Following a pilot study of entomological surveillance,
carried out at the base of Herat (Afghanistan) in 2008, further protocolised research was recently performed also in Qala i Naw base. Material and methods: Between June and September 2010 an entomological survey took place at the bases of Herat and Qala i Naw (Afghanistan), using for the purpose CDC traps with white and ultraviolet light, as well as a Sentinel trap type...
Perspectivas presentes y futuras de la Nutrigenómica y la Nutrigenética en la medicina preventiva - Lorenzo, David de
Las enfermedades no infecciosas, principalmente
derivadas de una mala alimentación han reemplazado
a las enfermedades infecciosas como principal causa
de mortalidad. Durante los últimos años se ha exten-
dido el concepto de dietas personalizadas como la so-
lución a los trastornos de la salud derivados de una
mala alimentación. ¿Hasta qué punto está preparada la
ciencia de la Genómica Nutricional y los profesionales
que con ella trabajan, para dar respuesta a esta nece-
sidad? Este artículo de revisión da una visión general
del actual estado del conocimiento sobre los factores
genómicos, epigenómicos, metagenómicos y nutricio-
nales que deberían permitir la personalización de la
dieta para reducir el riesgo individual a la enfermedad,
An overview of the health care system in Georgia: expert recommendations in the context of predictive, preventive and personalised medicine - Rukhadze, Tamari
The main aim of this paper is to present the current statistics and situation of health care system in Georgia; the changes in the transition period within the society and the health care system. Also presented are the efforts from the Government and the Ministry of Labour, Health and Social Affairs of Georgia in the way of numerous initiatives and action in order to improve quality care of patients and sustain the health care system. This paper described the institutional framework, process, content and implementation of health and health care policies in Georgia in the context of predictive, preventive and...
Beneficios del Tai Chi Chuan en la osteoartritis, el equilibrio y la calidad de vida (Tai Chi Chuan benefits on osteoarthritis, balance and quality of life) - Jiménez-Martín, Pedro Jesús; Universidad Politécnica de Madrid; Meléndez-Ortega, Agustín; Universidad Politécnica de Madrid; Albers, Ulrike; KAITS - Korea Advanced Institute of Science & Technology; López-Díaz de Durana, Alfonso; Universidad Politécnica de Madrid
Objetivo: Este trabajo hace una revisión de los estudios científicos realizados a nivel internacional con el fin de actualizar el conocimiento sobre cuáles son los beneficios que aporta la práctica del Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) sobre la osteoartritis de rodilla (OR), el equilibrio, el miedo a las caídas y la calidad de vida. Método: Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica sobre ocho bases de datos internacionales (Medline-Pubmed, Scirus, Pascal, ScienceDirect, SportDiscus, Science Citation Index, BIOSIS y PsycINFO) hasta abril del año 2012. Resultados: El número total de estudios analizados fue de 74, de los cuales 13 corresponden a revisiones sistemáticas y...
Queen's most distinguished medical graduates. BACKGROUND AND TRAINING - J. H. Elwood; Thomas Carnwath; April Strabane; County Tyrone
THE Queen's University received a benefaction from Mrs. Carnwath and her family in 1955 to provide prizes in social and preventive medicine in memory of her husband, the late Dr. Thomas Carnwath. These awards originally took the form of a medal and book prize for the student gaining the highest place in the final part one examination in social and preventive medicine, a book prize for the student gaining the next highest place and a medal and book prize for the graduate gaining the highest place in the D.P.H. examination. Medals were first given in July 1956, the undergraduate medal...
COMMUNITY HEALTH PREVENTIVE MEDICINE AND SOCIAL SER- VICES. (Concise Medical Textbook). By J. B. Meredith Davies. Third Edition.
THIS is the third edition of a book originally published under the title "Preventive Medicine, Community Health and Social Services " (1966). It is hard to see what has been gained by re-shuffling the words in this rather lengthy title. The publishers say that the book is written for medical students, doctors, social workers and all members of the primary health care team. This edition has been extensively revised following the recent widespread reorganisation of the health services. The book has always been popular with medical students, because of its compactness, low cost, and its attempt to deal with the...
INTRACELLULAR FORMS OF MENINGOPNEUMONITIS VIRUS - H. Gaylord; The Departments Of Microbiology
Viruses belonging to the psittacosis-lymphogranuloma group have morphological peculiarities which have made them the subject of controversy for many years. They are so large that the desirability of including the group with the viruses has often been questioned. Bedson and his colleages (1-4) described a life cycle for the virus of psittacosis based on the observation of intracellular forms even larger than the elementary bodies. These structures appeared as a graded series of spheres in the cytoplasm, suggesting a high degree of organization and, possibly, binary fission at some stage of development. Dense cytoplasmic inclusions (plaques, morulae) were often associated...