Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 4.232
Van Poucke, Sven; Zhang, Zhongheng; Schmitz, Martin; Vukicevic, Milan; Vander Laenen, Margot; Celi, Leo Anthony; De Deyne, Cathy
With the accumulation of large amounts of health related data, predictive analytics could stimulate the transformation of reactive medicine towards Predictive, Preventive and Personalized (PPPM) Medicine, ultimately affecting both cost and quality of care. However, high-dimensionality and high-complexity of the data involved, prevents data-driven methods from easy translation into clinically relevant models. Additionally, the application of cutting edge predictive methods and data manipulation require substantial programming skills, limiting its direct exploitation by medical domain experts. This leaves a gap between potential and actual data usage. In this study, the authors address this problem by focusing on open, visual environments, suited...
Healthy Lifestyle Interventions to Combat Noncommunicable Disease-A Novel Nonhierarchical Connectivity Model for Key Stakeholders: A Policy Statement From the American Heart Association, European Society of Cardiology, European Association for Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, and American College of Preventive Medicine
Arena, Ross; Guazzi, Marco; Lianov, Liana; Whitsel, Laurie; Berra, Kathy; Lavie, Carl J.; Kaminsky, Leonard; Williams, Mark; Hivert, Marie-France; Franklin, Nina Cherie; Myers, Jonathan; Dengel, Donald; Lloyd-Jones, Donald M.; Pinto, Fausto J.; Cosentino, Francesco; Halle, Martin; Gielen, Stephan; Dendale, Paul; Niebauer, Josef; Pelliccia, Antonio; Giannuzzi, Pantaleo; Corra, Ugo; Piepoli, Massimo F.; Guthrie, George; Shurney, Dexter
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) have become the primary health concern for most countries around the world. Currently, more than 36 million people worldwide die from NCDs each year, accounting for 63% of annual global deaths; most are preventable. The global financial burden of NCDs is staggering, with an estimated 2010 global cost of $6.3 trillion (US dollars) that is projected to increase to $13 trillion by 2030. A number of NCDs share one or more common predisposing risk factors, all related to lifestyle to some degree: (1) cigarette smoking, (2) hypertension, (3) hyperglycemia, (4) dyslipidemia, (5) obesity, (6) physical inactivity, and...
Increasing access to care for sick newborns: evidence from the Ghana Newhints cluster-randomised controlled trial
Manu, A; Hill, Z; ten Asbroek, AHA; Soremekun, S; Weobong, B; Gyan, T; Tawiah-Agyemang, C; Danso, S; Amenga-Etego, S; Owusu-Agyei, S; Kirkwood, BR
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of Newhints community-based surveillance volunteer (CBSV) assessments and referrals on access to care for sick newborns and on existing inequities in access. DESIGN: We evaluated a prospective cohort nested within the Newhints cluster-randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Community-based intervention involving more than 750 000, predominantly rural, population in seven contiguous districts in the Brong-Ahafo Region, Ghana. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were recently delivered women (from more than 120 000 women under surveillance) and their 16 168 liveborn babies. Qualitative in-depth interviews with referral narratives (IDIs) were conducted with 92 mothers, CBSVs and health facility front-desk and maternity/paediatrics ward staff. INTERVENTIONS: Newhints trained and effectively supervised...
Kelley J. Donham; Joel R. Leininger; From Department; Preventive Medicine
The clinical and laboratory findings of a spontaneous disease, resembling human leprosy, in a chimpanzee are described. The disease was a chronic progressive derma-titis characterized by nodular thickenings of the dermis and involving the ears, eye-brows, nostrils, and lips. A maculopapular rash was also present. Numerous acid-fast organisms were found in nasal swabs and in dermal lesions, including nerves. At-tempts to culture acid-fast organisms in artificial media have failed. At this time, the only features of the etiologic agent of this disease that are inconsistent with those of Mycobacterium leprae are failure of the organisms to oxidize 3, 4-dihydroxy-phenylalanine and...
Subclass Distribution of the Serum and Intrathecal IgG Antibody Response in Varicella-Zoster Virus Infections
J. M. Echevarria; A. Tellez; P. Martinez-martin; From Centro; Nacional Microbiologfa; Virologfa E Inmunologfa; Medicina Preventiva
The subclass distribution of the varicella-zoster virus (VZV)-specific IgG antibody response was studied in serum samples from 22 patients with primary varicella and 34 with recurrent VZV infections and in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from 22 patients with recurrent infec-tion who presented with symptoms of aseptic meningitis. IgGl and 3 were the dominant sub-classes amongJ'atients with primary and recurrent infections; IgG1 was also prevalent in the CSF samples. The VZV IgG subclass distribution patterns did not allow differentiation between primary and recurrent infections. However, seroconversions for IgG2, 3, or 4 were observed among patients with recurrences who were negative for...
Lewis H. Kuller
The need to reduce the amount of salt in the diet effective, but the efficacy is limited by the size of the population at risk and the intensity of thehas remained a very controversial issue in spite of strong evidence from animal experimental and intervention. The public health approach to gradual reduction of available salt in the diet ishuman studies that increased salt intake is associated with increased blood pressure levels. likely to result in decreased morbidity and mortality with little inconvenience to the public.The fundamental problem is the confusion between clinical, preventive medicine, and public Am J Hypertens 1997;10:29S–36S...
Karen P. Shaw Chudzik; B. Se. N; Karen P. Shaw Chudzik
A review of literature revealed that the control of cigarette smoking could do more to improve health than any other single action in the field of preventive medicine. In Ontario, since 1989, both Public Health Units and Boards ofEducations have been mandated to provide educational studies related to tobacco use prevention. Even given this fact, there has been an increase in smoking behaviQurs at an earlier age and in females in particular. Smoking prevention progralns must use the most effective means to assist students to obtain the knowledge and skills required to remain or becom'e nonsmokers. In the Niagara Region,...
Printed In Great Britain An Assessment of the Use of Bayes' Theorem for Forecasting in Public Health: the Case of Epidemic
Meningitis In China; Guang Zengv; Stephen B Thacker; Zhen Hut; Xujn Lai; Guikun W U
case of epidemic meningitis in China. IntemationalJoumal of Epidemiology 1988,17: 673-679. A mathematical model based upon Bayes ' Theorem (BT) was used to forecast the occurrence of epidemic cerebrc-iplnal meningitis (ECM) in ten communities in North China. Reports of ECM from each ten-day period during the meningitis season and records of special population movement during 1960-82 were analysed to establish forecast models. Calibration, split-sample, random-sample selection, as well as actual forecast tests, were used to-check the efficiency of the models. For all the testa, the theoretical occurrence of ECM forecast by the BT methocKvM compared with the observational data. Since...
Jean Hailes; Jane Fisher; Jane Fisher
Cohort study Gender-based violence, perinatal mental health in women and child development
Ajournal Of The; Bruce H. Jones; Paul J. Amoroso; M. Barbara Weyandt
A journal of the American College ofPreventive Medicine and the Association oj Teachers of Preventive Medicine. Jtay up-to-date with important news on all aspects of preventive medicine! Looking for a journal that always keeps you current? Now published 8 times per year, the American Journal of Preventive Medicine is your source of original articles, reviews and correspondence on all aspects of practice, education, policy and research in preventive medicine and issues of public health.
Mukaila A. Raji; Kyriakos S. Markides; James S. Goodwin
Background. Optimal mental health (cognitive and emotional functioning) is an important factor for maintaining physical function. This study investigated the effects of cognitive and emotional status on subsequent lower body func-tion in a population-based sample of older Mexican Americans. Methods. A 2-year prospective cohort study included Mexican Americans aged 65 and older who scored 18 or higher on the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) at baseline interview and for whom complete data on a summary performance measure of lower body function were available at the 2-year follow-up interview ( n 2068). In-home inter-views in 1993–1994 and 1995–1996 assessed sociodemographic variables, physical...
RESEARCH ARTICLE Applying Data Envelopment Analysis to Preventive Medicine: A Novel Method for Constructing a Personalized Risk Model of
Hiroto Narimatsu; Yoshinori Nakata; Sho Nakamura; Hidenori Sato; Ri Sho; Katsumi Otani; Ryo Kawasaki; Isao Kubota; Yoshiyuki Ueno; Takeo Kato; Hidetoshi Yamashita; Akira Fukao; Takamasa Kayama
Data envelopment analysis (DEA) is a method of operations research that has not yet been applied in the field of obesity research. However, DEA might be used to evaluate indi-viduals ’ susceptibility to obesity, which could help establish effective risk models for the onset of obesity. Therefore, we conducted this study to evaluate the feasibility of applying DEA to predict obesity, by calculating efficiency scores and evaluating the usefulness of risk models. In this study, we evaluated data from the Takahata study, which was a popula-tion-based cohort study (with a follow-up study) of Japanese people who are>40 years old. For...
N. Edwards; M. Galarneau; P. Konoske; Nathan Edwards; Michael Galarneau; Paula Konoske
Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.
Mahmoud F. Fathalla
This section looks back to some ground-breaking contributions to public health, reproducing them in their original form and adding a commentary on their significance from a modern-day perspective. To complement this month's theme of the Bulletin, Mahmoud F. Fathalla reviews the 1952 paper by Dugald Baird on preventive medicine in obstetrics (1). When medicine rediscovered its social roots
Leslie M. Beitsch; Valerie A. Yeager; John W. Moran
Beitsch LM, Yeager VA, Moran JW. Utilizing performance management to harness the power of quality improvement in public health.
hog cholera transmission. American Journal ofVeterinary Research 21,464-471
M. Kornitzer; C. H. Thilly; A. Vanroux; E. Balthazar
Preventive and Social Medicine, 29, 91-97. Incidence of ischaemic heart disease in two cohorts of Belgian clerks. A study during a five-year period has been conducted on the incidence of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) among two cohorts of Belgian employees who were free of IHD at entry. As regards the final outcome these incidences differ significantly. The chief difference between the two cohorts is their systolic blood pressure. These pressure differences may be attributed to differences in the level of work pressure. The increased work pressure in Cohort I might account, through stress, for the greater incidence of sudden death...
THE new therapeutic attack upon psychiatric conditions hitherto treated passively or empirically is a most encouraging development. The advent of new drugs and new methods, chemical, biological, and electrical, has changed the prognosis of mental disease and placed psychiatry in an enviable position, for it has progressed further in the past decade than many of its sister branches of medical science. As in all other branches of medicine, preventive measures play a most important part and the contributions of mental hygiene are of inestimable importance. We are beginning to recognize that there is a form of industrial mental hygiene the...
Core Scholar; Meaghan Ebetino; Meaghan Ebetino; Reader John Mcalearney; Ph. D
Part of the Community Health and Preventive Medicine Commons, Health Services
Core Scholar; Sabrina M. Neeley; Sabrina M. Neeley
Part of the Community Health and Preventive Medicine Commons This Master's Culminating Experience is brought to you for free and open access by the Master of Public Health Program at CORE Scholar. It has been accepted for inclusion in Master of Public Health Program Student Publications by an authorized administrator of CORE Scholar. For more information, please contact