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Nomenclatura Unesco > (32) Ciencias Médicas > (3210) Medicina preventiva

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 2,847

1. $rec.titulo
rom fo all, forma erfor f Illin Approximately 40 % of adults in the United States report Exercise intensity is a crucial component of exercise prescription that may be related to exercise adherence in at Preventive Medicine 38 (20current physical activity recommendations of 30 min of daily moderate activity [46], only 15 % participate in activities of sufficient intensity, duration, and frequency to improve or maintain cardiorespiratory fitness [85], and 50 % of those who start an exercise program drop out during the first 6–12 months [24]. According to the 1998–1999 Progress Review of the Healthy People 2000 program, over...

2. Prevención. La educación, clave para reducir el riesgo en el hogar
«Lo mejor es no subirse a los sitios». Medio en broma medio en serio responde Fernando Rodríguez Artalejo, catedrático de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública de la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, cuando se le pregunta por las políticas de prevención de accidentes domésticos.

3. Predictors of Transitions in Vitality: The Italian Longitudinal Study on Aging - Nadia Minicuci; Chiara Marzari; Stefania Maggi; Marianna Noale; Antonella Senesi; Gaetano Crepaldi
It is widely acknowledged that there is a strong need to identify which modifiable risk factors predict healthy aging to use this information as the scientific basis for systematic interventions. Data from a 4-year longitudinal study on aging among 5632 older Italians were used. The definition of vitality was based on both cognitive and physical status, and the envisaged transitions were: positive or nonpositive stable, positive or negative transition, lost, and deceased. Predictors associated with different vitality trajectories were investigated by multinomial logistic analysis with a six-level outcome. Age and educational level were predictors of being ‘‘positive stable,’ ’ whereas...

4. High Injury Rates Among Female Army Trainees A Function of Gender? - Bruce H. Jones
Background: Studies suggest that women are at greater risk than men for sports and training injuries. This study investigated the association between gender and risk of exercise-related injuries among Army basic trainees while controlling for physical fitness and demographics. Methods: Eight hundred and sixty-one trainees were followed during their 8-week basic training course. Demographic characteristics, body composition, and physical fitness were mea-sured at the beginning of training. Physical fitness measures were taken again at the end of training. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the association between gender and risk of injury while controlling for potential confounders. Results:...

5. 1 CLINICAL EPIDEMIOLOGY: WHAT, WHO AND WHITHER - David L. Sackett
Clinical epidemiology, the what, was introduced by John Paul in 1938 as a new basic science for preventive medicine. Its definition subsequently took on a more bedside tone, but continues to be adapted to the needs of its practitioners. Clinical epidemiology, the who, centers on Alvan Feinstein and the way that he led the field and nurtured so many of its practitioners. Clinical epidemiology, the whither, describes its more recent development and its impact on five evolutions and revolutions: in evidence generation, its rapid critical appraisal, its efficient storage and retrieval, evidence-based medicine, and evidence synthesis. For someone who loved...

6. Popay J: The role and theoretical evolution of knowledge translation and exchange in public health - Rebecca Armstrong
Background There is an increased emphasis in public health research on effective models and strategies to support knowledge translation (KT), the exchange, synthesis and ethically sound application of research findings within a complex set of interactions among researchers and knowl-edge users. In other words, KT can be seen as an acceleration of the knowledge cycle—an acceleration of the natural transformation of knowledge into use (Canadian Institutes of Health Services Research. Knowledge Translation Strategy, 2004). The most recent conceptualizations consider the complexities of public health decision-making. The role of practitioners and communities is increasingly considered. Methods We identify, describe and discuss...

7. STARD Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy 1 From the Department of Clinical Ep- - Patrick M. Bossuyt; Johannes B. Reitsma; David E. Bruns; Constantine A. Gatsonis; Paul P. Glasziou; Les M. Irwig; Jeroen G. Lijmer; David Moher; Drummond Rennie; Henrica C. W. De Vet
Radiology and radiologists, research

8. Genetics in Medicine 2002; 4(4):304-310 Can Family History Be Used as a Tool for Public Health and Preventive Medicine? - Paula W. Yoon; Mph Maren; T. Scheuner; Mph Kris; L. Peterson-oehlke
Most common chronic diseases are the result of complex interactions between multiple genetic variants and environmental factors. Despite significant advances in the last decade in the understanding of our genome, there are substantial limitations in epidemiological and analytic approaches to studying the effects of genetic determinants of common chronic diseases. Knowledge of genetic variation underlying disease susceptibility should improve our ability to diagnose, manage, and prevent these disorders. To date, however, DNA-based testing is limited for the most part to analysis of highly penetrant single gene disorders that account for approximately 5 % of the total disease burden in the...

9. Motivational interviewing in health care settings: Opportunities and limitations - Karen M. Emmons; Stephen Rollnick
Abstract: Motivational interviewing (MI) has been well studied in specialist settings. There has been considerable interest in applying MI to community health care settings. Such settings represent a significant departure from the more traditional, specialist settings in which MI has been developed and tested. The purpose of this paper is to provide a brief overview of MI and to identify and discuss the key issues that are likely to arise when adapting this approach to health care and public health settings. This paper provides an overview of important issues to consider in adapting an effective counseling strategy to new settings,...

10. Genomics Analogy Model for Educators (GAME): Fuzzy DNA Model to Enable the Learning of Gene Sequencing by Visually-Impaired and Blind Students
Much of the general population is aware of terms such as biotechnology, genetic engineering, and genomics. However, there is a lack of understanding concerning these fields among many secondary school students. Few teaching models exist to explain concepts behind genomics and even less are available for teaching the visually impaired and blind. The purpose of the Genomics Analogy Model for Educators (GAME) tutorial is to enable an understanding of the fundamental aspects of genomics. The GAME tutorials use simple analogies to convey scientific information. Recent articles have introduced the GAME approach and two of its components: (1) An explanation of...

11. Genetics in Medicine 2002; 4(4):304-310 Can Family History Be Used as a Tool for Public Health and Preventive Medicine? - Paula W. Yoon; Mph Maren; T. Scheuner; Mph Kris; L. Peterson-oehlke
Most common chronic diseases are the result of complex interactions between multiple genetic variants and environmental factors. Despite significant advances in the last decade in the understanding of our genome, there are substantial limitations in epidemiological and analytic approaches to studying the effects of genetic determinants of common chronic diseases. Knowledge of genetic variation underlying disease susceptibility should improve our ability to diagnose, manage, and prevent these disorders. To date, however, DNA-based testing is limited for the most part to analysis of highly penetrant single gene disorders that account for approximately 5 % of the total disease burden in the...

12. Motivational interviewing in health care settings: Opportunities and limitations - Karen M. Emmons; Stephen Rollnick
Abstract: Motivational interviewing (MI) has been well studied in specialist settings. There has been considerable interest in applying MI to community health care settings. Such settings represent a significant departure from the more traditional, specialist settings in which MI has been developed and tested. The purpose of this paper is to provide a brief overview of MI and to identify and discuss the key issues that are likely to arise when adapting this approach to health care and public health settings. This paper provides an overview of important issues to consider in adapting an effective counseling strategy to new settings,...

13. Corresponding author: - Ingunn Holmen Geving; Kristin Ulven Jørgensen; Maria Suong; Le Thi; Mariann Sandsund; Ingunn Holmen Geving; M. Sc; Senior Scientist; Kristin Ulven Jørgensen; Maria Suong; Le Thi; M. Sc; Senior Scientist; Ingunn Holmen Geving
Advanced technology has rationalized and simplified operations at sea; however, this development has resulted in higher demands being made of the operator. Good health has become an important safety factor: a good state of health is crucial both to preventing strain injuries and to ensuring alertness and optimal performance at work. Physical activity is a powerful preventive “medicine ” for the maintenance of good health and the prevention of overweight and musculoskeletal disorders. The aim of this 1

14. Available: www.hc-sc.gc.ca/pphb-dgspsp/publicat/dic-dac2/english/01cover_e - Engl J Med
4. Kernohan AFB, Perry CG, Small M. Clinical impact of the new criteria for the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. Clin Chem Lab Med 2003;41:1239-45. 5. Marshall KG. The folly of population screening for type 2 diabetes [editorial]. CMAJ 1999;160(11):1592-3. 6. Gerstein HC, Meltzer S. Preventive medicine in people at high risk for chronic disease: the value of identifying and treating diabetes [editorial]. CMAJ 1999;160(11):1593-4, discussion 1595-6.

15. An exploration of attitudes and support needs of police officer negotiators involved in suicide negotiation - Spence, William; Millot, Jodi
This study explored the attitudes and support needs of police officer negotiators involved in suicide negotiation. A qualitative approach was adopted, applying principles of grounded theory research. Purposive sampling was used and 16 semi-structured interviews conducted. Strategies and processes taught during training for the role constituted an important support mechanism. The lack of formal processes to support participants’ well-being was reported although effective peer support network amongst negotiators existed. Mental health awareness and suicide intervention training should be considered key for police officers, who are first responders. Robust procedures are needed to support the emotional well-being of police negotiators.

16. Plan de Seguridad y Salud para Edificio Plurifamiliar de 56 viviendas, local comercial, garaje, y piscina en Náquera (Valencia) - SALVAGO MAS, FRANCISCO JAVIER
El presente estudio de seguridad y salud tiene por objetivo establecer las directrices en materia de prevención de riesgos laborales a seguir durante la ejecución de las obras de construcción de un Edificio Plurifamiliar de 56 viviendas, local comercial, garaje y piscina, sito en Náquera (Valencia), de acuerdo con lo dispuesto en el Real Decreto en artículo 1.627/1997 de 24 de octubre. La metodología utilizada parte del "Proyecto básico" redactado a tal efecto, por el arquitecto. Se analizan tanto las unidades de obra, la tecnología, los procedimientos de trabajo y organización de la obra, como el entorno y condiciones físicas del lugar. Se define un Plan de ejecución...

17. How Would God Have Us Practice Preventive Medicine? - Hilton P. Terrell; Ph. D
Preventive medicine is widely popular today. The government hopes through it to solve its rising health care bill. Private industry, which pays the bulk of health insurance premiums, has the same hopes. Physicians are finding in the popular concept an opportunity to protect their incomes while in good conscience protecting their patients ' health. Christians are proponents of it because it seems to fit so well biblical admonitions such as I Cor. 3:16,17. In a world in which we must be against so many things, in this one area, at least, Christians don't have to be at odds with a...

18. Public Health Genomics education in post-graduate schools of hygiene and preventive medicine: a cross-sectional survey - Ianuale, Carolina; Leoncini, Emanuele; Mazzucco, Walter; Marzuillo, Carolina; Villari, Paolo; Ricciardi, Walter; Boccia, Stefania

19. Body Mass Index and Liver Enzyme Activity in Serum - Antonmo Salvaggio; Maurizio Periti; Lino Miano; Monica Tavanelli; Daniela Marzorati
The association between body mass index (BM1) and serum liver enzyme activity [y-glutamyltransf erase (GGT), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and aspartate ami-notransferase (AST)] was studied in 3167 subjects, 2373 men and 794 women. The subjects were managers and employees, ages 18-64 years, who were examined dur-ing a program of preventive medicine. Analysis of cova-nance was used to compare the serum liver enzyme activities (expressed as natural logarithms) of the sub-jects, who were subdivided according to BMI, while also considering age, alcohol and cigarette consumption, and physical activity. In men, the percentage increase in the geometric mean of liver enzyme activity of...

20. miR-429 Identified by Dynamic Transcriptome Analysis Is a New Candidate Biomarker for Colorectal Cancer Prognosis - Sun, Yingnan; Shen, Shourong; Tang, Hailin; Xiang, Juanjuan; Peng, Ya; Tang, Anliu; Li, Nan; Zhou, Weiwei; Wang, Zeyou; Zhang, Decai; Xiang, Bo; Ge, Jie; Li, Guiyuan; Wu, Minghua; Li, Xiayu
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common malignant gastrointestinal cancer. Efforts for preventive and personalized medicine have intensified in the last decade with attention to novel forms of biomarkers. In the present study, microRNA and genetic analyses were performed in tandem for differential transcriptome profiling between primary tumors with or without nodes or distant metastases. Serial Test Cluster (STC) analysis demonstrated that 20 genes and two microRNAs showed distinctive expression patterns associated with the tumor, node, and metastasis (TNM) stage. The selected target genes were characterized by GO and Pathway analysis. A microRNA-target gene network analysis showed that miR-429 resided in...

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