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Nomenclatura Unesco > (32) Ciencias Médicas > (3210) Medicina preventiva

Mostrando recursos 141 - 160 de 2,702

141. Standards of dental care in residential homes: a Web Way Forward - Heath, R.; Muller, F.; Lewis, D.; McKerlie, R.

Standards of dental care in residential homes will be the first area for discussion pages on the Gerodontology Special Interest Group (GSIG) on the lADR-Dental Faculty Site (http://www.iadi-dentalfaculty.org) an IADR web site which is sponsored by Unilever Dental Research and run by a team based at Glasgow University Dental School.

The basis of the 4 following topics were developed by a 'break-out' group at the British Society of Gerodontology (BSG) meeting in York, England in May, 1999. Care pathways, in partnership with the Debate of the Age under the Chairmanship of the President: Robin Basker. Feedback from these groups was presented at the close of...

142. The role of genomic DNA methylation in the risk and progression of urothelial carcinoma of the bladder - Tajuddin, Salman Muhammad
Tesis doctoral inédita realizada en el Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Oncológicas (CNIO) y leída en la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultad de Medicina, Departamento de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública. Fecha de lectura: 6 de Junio de 2013.

143. The role of inflammation in bladder cancer development and progression a molecular and genetic epidemiological assessment - Czachorowski, Maciej Jan
Tesis doctoral inédita leída en la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultad de Medicina, Departamento de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública. Fecha de lectura: 6 de Junio de 2013.

144. Comorbilidad y discapacidad en pacientes con insuficiencia cardíaca - Carmona Rodríguez, Montserrat
Tesis doctoral inédita leída en la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultad de Medicina, Departamento de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública. Fecha de lectura: 15 de Junio de 2013.

145. Antimicrobial activity of Ganoderma lucidum extract, p-hydroxybenzoic and cinnamic acids and their synthetic acetylated glucuronide methyl esters - Heleno, Sandrina A.; Ferreira, Isabel C.F.R.; Esteves, Ana P.; Ćirić, Ana; Glamočlija, Jasmina; Martins, Anabela; Soković, Marina; Queiroz, Maria João R.P.
Ganoderma lucidumis one of the most famous traditional medicinal mushrooms, being used as functional food and in preventive medicines [1 ]. p-Hydroxybenzoic and cinnamic acids were previously identified, by our research group, in wild G. lucidum from Northeast of Portugal [2].Many studies suggest that phenolic compounds are rapidly metabolized in the human organism being glucuronidation the most prevalent metabolic pathway for phenolic compounds in humans. Despite the large data concerning the antimicrobial effects of phenolic acids [3], studies dealing with the antimicrobial properties of their metabolites or derivatives are scarce due to the fact that most of these compounds are not commercially available. Herein we describe...

146. $rec.titulo - Pérez-Ciordia, I.; 1- Servicio Navarro de Salud-Osasunbidea. 2- Departamento de Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad Pública de Navarra; Guillén-Grima, F.; 3- Unidad de Medicina Preventiva. Clínica Universidad de Navarra.; Brugos, A.; 1- Servicio Navarro de Salud-Osasunbidea. 2- Departamento de Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad Pública de Navarra; Aguinaga, I.; 2- Departamento de Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad Pública de Navarra

147. $rec.titulo - Pérez-Ciordia, I.; 1- Servicio Navarro de Salud-Osasunbidea. 2- Departamento de Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad Pública de Navarra; Guillén-Grima, F.; 3- Unidad de Medicina Preventiva. Clínica Universidad de Navarra.; Brugos, A.; 1- Servicio Navarro de Salud-Osasunbidea. 2- Departamento de Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad Pública de Navarra; Aguinaga, I.; 2- Departamento de Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad Pública de Navarra

148. La investigación sociomédica: las aportaciones de la epidemiología en la Facultad de Medicina - Moreno-Altamirano, L.
La epidemiología no se puede comprender al margen de los contextos culturales e históricos. Su comprensión requiere que percibamos la dinámica interna de su desarrollo y también la época en las que se ha construido y los sistemas sociales y educativos en los que se ha enmarcado. Se presenta un panorama sobre el desarrollo y las aportaciones de la epidemiología, desde el momento en el que se identificó la necesidad de que las escuelas de medicina incluyeran aspectos preventivos y sociales en la formación de los futuros médicos. Se hace mención del tránsito de un enfoque sanitario-asistencial, al momento en...

149. Art and well being in a deprived Scottish community - Abbotts, J.; Spence, W.

Purpose – This study aimed to evaluate the “Out of the Box” initiative, by investigating any impacts on participants’ wellbeing. Aimed at general population adults, Out of the Box comprised two art-oriented groups and one social group, led by a community art worker.

Design/methodology/approach – Individual semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 14 group members (six men, eight women; age range 36-71 years) from a potential pool of around 30. Data were analysed thematically.

Findings – Dramatic benefits in confidence, outlook and happiness were reported by people who had experienced poor mental or physical health, or adverse life events. Participants believed Out of...

150. To what extent should waterpipe tobacco smoking become a public health priority? - Jawad, M; McEwen, A; McNeill, A; Shahab, L
Waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) popularity is increasing world-wide, and health effects are emerging in the light of evidence that WTS is perceived by users as less harmful than cigarette smoking. However, there remains a paucity of available evidence from which to draw firm conclusions about its public health significance.

151. Social status and public health; memorandum to the Committee on Preventive Medicine and Social Science Research. - Simmons, Ozzie G.
34 p.

152. Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Coronary Atherosclerosis in Retired National Football League Players - Chang, Alice Y.; FitzGerald, Shannon J.; Cannaday, John; Zhang, Song; Patel, Amit; Palmer, M. Dean; Reddy, Gautham P.; Ordovas, Karen G.; Stillman, Arthur E; Janowitz, Warren; Radford, Nina B.; Roberts, Arthur J.; Levine, Benjamin D.
A high prevalence of obesity exists among National Football League (NFL) players as determined by body mass index (BMI). It is not established whether elevated BMI is associated with a greater prevalence of CV risk factors or coronary atherosclerosis in former NFL players as in non-athletes. This study compared cardiovascular (CV) risk factors and coronary atherosclerosis among retired NFL players and two groups of community controls, the population-based Dallas Heart Study and the preventive medicine cohort, the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study. Retired NFL players (n=201) were matched for ethnicity, age and BMI (Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study, age only). CV risk...

153. Systems Biology and P4 Medicine: Past, Present, and Future - Hood, Leroy
Studying complex biological systems in a holistic rather than a “one gene or one protein” at a time approach requires the concerted effort of scientists from a wide variety of disciplines. The Institute for Systems Biology (ISB) has seamlessly integrated these disparate fields to create a cross-disciplinary platform and culture in which “biology drives technology drives computation.” To achieve this platform/culture, it has been necessary for cross-disciplinary ISB scientists to learn one another’s languages and work together effectively in teams. The focus of this “systems” approach on disease has led to a discipline denoted systems medicine. The advent of technological...

154. Community Education about Minors ’ Access
*Insufficient evidence means that we were not able to determine whether or not the intervention works. The Task Force approved the recommendations in this chapter in 1999–2000. The research on which the findings are based was conducted between 1976 and May 2000. This information—with the exception of reviews of approaches to reduce tobacco use through interventions to restrict minors ’ access to tobacco products—has been previously published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine [2001; 20(2S): 10–15 and 16–66] and the MMWR Recommendations and Reports series [2000; 49(No. RR-12):1–11]. The information on restricting minors ’ access to tobacco products is...

155. www.mdpi.com/journal/jpm/ Personalized Health Care as a Pathway for the Adoption of Genomic Medicine - Robin Burnette; Leigh Ann Simmons; Ralph Snyderman
Abstract: While the full promise of genomic medicine may be many years in the future, personalized health care (PHC) can begin solving important health care needs now and provide a framework for the adoption of genomic technologies as they are validated. PHC is a strategic approach to medicine that is individualized, predictive, preventive, and involves intense patient engagement. There is great need for more effective models of care as nearly half of Medicare patients age 65 and older have three or more preventable chronic conditions and account for 89 % of Medicare’s growing expenditures. With its focus on reactive care,...

156. Privacy-preserving computation of disease risk by using genomic, clinical, and environmental data - Erman Ayday; Jean Louis Raisaro; Paul J. Mclaren; Jacques Fellay; Jean-pierre Hubaux
Abstract—According to many scientists and clinicians, genomics is the “next big thing ” in the field of medicine. On one hand, decreasing costs in genome sequencing has been paving the way to better preventive and personalized medicine. On the other hand, genomic data also raises serious privacy concerns, as it is the ultimate identifier of an individual and it contains privacy-sensitive data (e.g., disease predispositions, ancestry information). Thus, it is necessary to find ways of using genomic data without abusing the genomic privacy of individuals. To get a more comprehensive medical assessment, genomic information must be combined with other clinical...

157. Monkey Bites among US Military - Luke E. Mease; Katheryn A. Baker
Bites from Macaca mulatta monkeys, native to Afghanistan, can cause serious infections. To determine risk for US military members in Afghanistan, we reviewed records for September–December 2011. Among 126 animal bites and exposures, 10 were monkey bites. Command emphasis is vital for preventing monkey bites; provider training and bite reporting promote postexposure treatment. Military members deployed to Afghanistan face many risks; among these are bites from Macaca mulatta monkeys and possible subsequent infections. In August 2011, a 24-year-old US Army soldier died of a rabies infection contracted while in eastern Afghanistan. This tragedy highlights the threat that animal bites pose...

158. Authors - Preventive Medicine; Adriane Martin-hilber; Ra Röllin; Shelagh Redmond
Public health benefits of partner notification for sexually transmitted infections and HIV

159. Differential impact of two risk communications on antipsychotic prescribing to people with dementia in Scotland: segmented regression time series analysis 2001-2011 - Guthrie, B.; Clark, S.A.; Reynish, E.L.; McCowan, C.; Morales, Daniel
The two risk communications were associated with reductions in antipsychotic use, in ways which were compatible with marked differences in their content and dissemination. Further research is needed to ensure that the content and dissemination of regulatory risk communications is optimal, and to track their impact on intended and unintended outcomes. Although rates are falling, antipsychotic prescribing in dementia in Scotland remains unacceptably high

160. DNA nanogel encapsulated by a lipid vesicle - Kim, A Ra; Moon, James J.; Irvine, Darrell J.; Sunghwan Jung, Darrell J.; Um, Soong Ho
DNA has been used as a new generic material due to its selectivity and intrinsic biocompatibility, to construct a variety of nano-architectures such as cubic, tetrahedral, and even complicated origami. Recently, a 3-D hydrogel matrix of DNA has been manufactured at macroscopic scale for biomedical applications as an extra-cellular matrix and a cell-free protein amplification platform. To explore DNA hydrogel in a microscopic level, we report a novel method to produce DNA nanogel enclosed by a lipid vesicle. Nano-sized DNA hydrogels have been simply prepared by mixing precursors with DOPC lipid components under repeated sonications, following by nanometer filtering. After...

 

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