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Nomenclatura Unesco > (32) Ciencias Médicas > (3210) Medicina preventiva

Mostrando recursos 141 - 160 de 3,724

141. Avaliação da poluição sonora no parque Jardim Botânico de Curitiba, Paraná, Brasil - Paulo Henrique Trombetta Zannin; Bani Szeremetta
Foi realizado um estudo da poluição sonora no parque Jardim Botânico de Curitiba. Efetuaram-se medições do nível sonoro equivalente Leq em dB(A), em 21 pontos espalhados dentro da área do parque, além de entrevistas com os freqüentadores do local. Constatou-se que 47,6% dos pontos de medição apresentaram níveis sonoros acima de Leq = 65dB(A), considerado pela medicina preventiva como o nível máximo a que um cidadão pode se expor sem riscos à saúde, e 90,5% dos pontos avaliados não satisfizeram à Lei Municipal nº 8.583, que fixa o limite de 55dB(A) como nível máximo de emissões sonoras em áreas verdes....

142. Educação e serviços de saúde: avaliando a capacitação dos profissionais - Solange L'Abbate
Análisa-se os resultados de pesquisa de acompanhamento e avaliação do Curso de Especialização em Saúde Pública realizado pelo Departamento de Medicina Preventiva e Social da Faculdade de Ciências Médicas da UNICAMP, turmas de 1993 e 1995. A investigação foi realizada durante o curso e alguns meses depois do término do mesmo. Os alunos informaram suas atividades profissionais, as dificuldades e facilidades em desenvolvê-las e o compromisso com os serviços públicos de saúde nos quais trabalhavam; informaram também sobre suas expectativas em relação à especialização em saúde pública. Ao final das disciplinas, os alunos avaliaram a relevância dos conteúdos transmitidos, sua...

143. Isolation of Leptospira spp. from a man living in a rural area of the Municipality of Cruz Alta, RS, Brazil - Felipe Jorge da Silva; Glaucenyra Cecília Pinheiro Silva; Sylvia Grune Loffler; Bibiana Brihuega; Luis Ernesto Samartino; Miguel Frederico Fernandez Alarcon; Carlos Eduardo Pereira dos Santos; Luis Antonio Mathias
The aim of this study was to describe the isolation of a pathogenic strain of Leptospira interrogans from the urine sample of a male human living in the rural area of the County of Cruz Alta, Rio Grande do Sul. An aliquot of each urine sample was sown in a Fletcher and Ellinghausen - McCullough - Johnson - Harris (EMJH) media. Samples in which there was growth of spirochetes were sent to the Leptospirosis Laboratory of the Institute of Pathobiology in the National Institute of Agricultural Technology, Buenos Aires, Argentina and were typified by the Multiple Locus of Variable Number...

144. “HealthOmeter”: An Aid in Advancing Preventive Medicine Media Revolution - Erik Trell

145. Privacy-Preserving Computation of Disease Risk by Using Genomic, Clinical, and Environmental Data
Abstract—According to many scientists and clinicians, ge-nomics is the “next big thing ” in the field of medicine. On one hand, decreasing costs in genome sequencing has been paving the way to better preventive and personalized medicine. On the other hand, genomic data also raises serious privacy concerns, as it is the ultimate identifier of an individual and it contains privacy-sensitive data (e.g., disease predispositions, ancestry information). Thus, it is necessary to find ways of using genomic data without abusing the genomic privacy of individuals. To get a more comprehensive medical assessment, genomic information must be combined with other clinical...

146. Thromboembolic Disease Helical Computed Tomography Was an Acceptable Primary Diagnostic Test for Ruling Out Pulmonary Embolism - Kurt Kroenke; Lia Logio; Van Strijen Mj; De Monye ́ W; Schiereck J; Et Al. Single-detector
This year’s Update in General Internal Medicine incor-porates articles on thromboembolic disease, imaging, hypertension, combination therapy versus single-drug ther-apy, preventive medicine, pain, and physician satisfaction.

147. Opinion Health 2050: The Realization of Personalized Medicine through Crowdsourcing, the Quantified Self, and the Participatory - Melanie Swan
Abstract: The concepts of health and health care are moving towards the notion of personalized preventive health maintenance and away from an exclusive focus on the cure of disease. This is against the backdrop of contemporary public health challenges that include increasing costs, worsening outcomes, ‘diabesity ’ epidemics, and anticipated physician shortages. Personalized preventive medicine could be critical to solving public health challenges at their causal root. This paper sets forth a vision and plan for the realization of preventive medicine by 2050 and examines efforts already underway such as participatory health initiatives, the era of big health data, and...

148. Diabetes Cancer Microbial diseases - Pennington Nutrition Series; Neurodegenerative Diseases
Healthier lives through education in nutrition and preventive medicine 2007 No. 9b Green tea is one of four types of tea (white, green, black, and oolong) that come from the plant Camellia sinensis. White tea is the least processed form of tea, while black tea leaves are fermented. Green tea leaves are steamed, not fermented and hence preserve more polyphenols. The beneficial effects of green tea are attributed to the polyphenols, particularly the catechins, which make up 30 % of the dry weight of green tea leaves. These catechins are present in higher quantities in green tea than in black...

149. [en] ON THE CURRENT INCREASE OF CHILDHOOD DIAGNOSES: A HISTORICAL – CRITICAL ANALYSIS - TERESA MONTEIRO LOBATO CRUZ E A PINHEIRO
[pt] O aumento, nas últimas décadas, de diagnósticos psiquiátricos infantis como TDAH e outros, cuja etiologia vem sendo atribuída a fatores orgânicos, impulsionou o interesse da presente pesquisa. A partir do referencial psicanalítico freudiano, procuramos traçar um histórico da valorização do fator orgânico para o entendimento e tratamento das doenças físicas ou psíquicas na medicina. A especificidade da infância e a evolução do olhar sobre os tratamentos infantis foi abordada assim como o tema da medicina preventiva e os riscos da mesma se tornar uma predição com efeitos iatrogênicos.

150. Dos salubristas y universitarios esenciales: Héctor Abad y Leonardo Betancur - Franco Agudelo, Saúl
Los unió su manera de entender y ejercer la medicina. Los unió la salud pública, tarea alrededor de la cual articularon buena parte de sus sueños, proyectos y realizaciones. Los unió la universidad, espacio vital y permanente de ambos, en donde fueron profesores, jefes de Departamento de Medicina Preventiva, líderes estudiantiles y profesorales.

151. Optimising the Role of the Dental Health Support Worker within Childsmile Practice: Mapping Delivery & Exploring Variation - Young, Mairi; Gnich, Wendy; Sherriff, Andrea; Ross, Alastair; Macpherson, Lorna
Background: Childsmile is a national oral health improvement programme for Scottish children. Childsmile Practice, a targeted and universal component, aims to promote oral health, and reduce inequalities in oral health and access to dental services. Practice is delivered, in part, by DHSWs who support families to engage with oral health behaviours and dental practice attendance. Objectives: This study comprises part of Childsmile's formative evaluation. Designed as a scoping exercise, we aimed to uncover and explore areas of variation in delivery of the role. The findings were used to design in-depth comparative case studies, with the purpose of learning from within Childsmile, to...

152. Optimising the Role of the Dental Health Support Worker within Childsmile Practice: Mapping Delivery & Exploring Variation - Young, Mairi; Gnich, Wendy; Sherriff, Andrea; Ross, Alastair; Macpherson, Lorna
Background: Childsmile is a national oral health improvement programme for Scottish children. Childsmile Practice, a targeted and universal component, aims to promote oral health, and reduce inequalities in oral health and access to dental services. Practice is delivered, in part, by DHSWs who support families to engage with oral health behaviours and dental practice attendance. Objectives: This study comprises part of Childsmile's formative evaluation. Designed as a scoping exercise, we aimed to uncover and explore areas of variation in delivery of the role. The findings were used to design in-depth comparative case studies, with the purpose of learning from within Childsmile, to...

153. Transforming Oral Health in Care Homes (TOrCH) - Sherriff, Andrea; Ross, Alastair
In some developed countries government policy supports efforts towards ‘ageing in place’, which enable older people to remain independent for as long as possible. However, this means that in many cases, people are being admitted into long-term care at a more advanced age than in previous years, in the most frail and dependent conditions, and with complex health care needs. How to deliver high quality, affordable long-term care for the emerging population of older people who require it has become one of the defining challenges for policy makers and service providers worldwide. In an ageing population, rates of edentulousness are...

154. "THE TEACHING OF PUBLIC HEALTH AND PREVENTIVE MEDICINE IN MEDICAL EDUCTIONA " - M. A. Faghih
The need of the society for medical and health care services and the question of training of physician and medical education program, are major problems which the health and education planners are faced with. The increasing tendency toward specialization in various branches of medicine, has created a significant gap between the rea1 medical need of the community, ie, primary comprehensive health care and what the medical profession offers at the time being; in other words the medical profession is gradually losing the social and humanitarian aspects of their services: In order to overcome these problems, there is an urgent need...

155. SMOKING AND HEALTH - Sh.Ahangari
The control of cigarette smoking can do more to improve health and prolong life than any other single action in the whole field of preventive medicine. Many smokers desire to stop but need instructions and support. Beside nicotine and carbon monoxide, there are a lot of carcion-genous materials in cigarettes. A positive relationship exists between cigarette smoking and lung cancer, bronchitis, emphysema, ischeamic heart disease, peptic ulcer and so on. Preventive measures should be planned along the following lines: - Not to smoke in factories while working - If to stop smoking is impossible, not to inhale, to decrease numbers and so on - The...

156. Una etnografía de la atención primaria de salud - Palma Ruiz, María Matilde
La Antropología Médica se considera una especialidad de la antropología que estudia los sistemas médicos y la dimensión cultural de la enfermedad. En la presente tesis, desde la perspectiva de los actores sociales, se intentará exponer los significados de los y las profesionales médicos que desarrollan su actividad en los centros de salud de Atención Primaria (AP), sobre el proceso salud/enfermedad/atención, y la prevención y promoción de la salud. El material empírico ha sido: un conjunto de entrevistas y conversaciones informales con médicos de AP; una serie de directrices, documentos y artículos; y unas observaciones en foros de debate sanitario....

157. Una etnografía de la atención primaria de salud - Palma Ruiz, María Matilde
La Antropología Médica se considera una especialidad de la antropología que estudia los sistemas médicos y la dimensión cultural de la enfermedad. En la presente tesis, desde la perspectiva de los actores sociales, se intentará exponer los significados de los y las profesionales médicos que desarrollan su actividad en los centros de salud de Atención Primaria (AP), sobre el proceso salud/enfermedad/atención, y la prevención y promoción de la salud. El material empírico ha sido: un conjunto de entrevistas y conversaciones informales con médicos de AP; una serie de directrices, documentos y artículos; y unas observaciones en foros de debate sanitario....

158. Genetic polymorphisms associated with lipid metabolism involved in the pathophysiology of ischemic stroke - Tamires Flauzino; Daniela Frizon Alfieri; Ana Paula Kallaur; Elaine Regina Delicato de Almeida; Edna Maria Vissoci Reiche
The stroke is a complex, multifactorial, and polygenic disorder that results from the interaction between the individual genetic components and environmental factors. Previous studies have established hypertension, smoking, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, elevated body mass index, disturbances of coagulation and increasing age as predictors of stroke risk factors. The stroke is a more crippling than deadly disease that requires long-term institutionalization, as it decreases the quality of life of patients, resulting in higher costs to social and economic levels. It thus becomes increasingly important to emphasize the Preventive Medicine strategies. Dyslipidemia has been associated with pathophysiology of ischemic stroke and genetic...

159. Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Amy Gilbert; Lauren Greenberg; David Moran; Danilo Alvarez; Marlon Alvarado; Ministerio De Agricultura; Amy Gilbert; Lauren Greenberg; David Moran; Danilo Alvarez; Marlon Alvarado; Daniel L. Garcia; Leonard Peruski; Amy Gilberta; Lauren Greenbergb; David Moranc; Danilo Alvarezc
Antibody response of cattle to vaccination with commercialmodified live rabies vaccines in

160. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 110 (2013) 119 – 132 - Ryan S. Miller; Mathew L. Farnsworth; Jennifer L. Malmberg; Ryan S. Miller; Matthew L. Farnsworth; Jennifer L. Malmberg
Diseases at the livestock–wildlife interface: Status, challenges, and opportunities in the United States

 

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