sm la hol Rut ersity niver line 6 al smoking add to The theory of planned behaviour [Organ Behav. Hum. Introduction very hard for them to quit and as a consequence they are more Preventive Medicine 39 (20Adolescence is a period in which many youngsters begin to experiment with smoking. In most of the Western countries, there is an increase in the prevalence of smoking in the adolescence period [2,3]. In many of these countries,
- Department Preventive; Social Medicine; Senior Lecturer Pacific; Faafetai Sopoaga Mbchb
A Pacific immersion programme—is it useful in teaching Pacific health to future doctors in
Culturally competent healthcare systems: A systematic review." American journal of preventive medicine 24(3
- Laurie M. Anderson; Susan C. Scrimshaw; Mindy T. Fullilove
Overview: Culturally competent healthcare systems—those that provide culturally and linguistically appropriate services—have the potential to reduce racial and ethnic health disparities. When clients do not understand what their healthcare providers are telling them, and providers either do not speak the client’s language or are insensitive to cultural differences, the quality of health care can be compromised. We reviewed five interventions to improve cultural competence in healthcare systems—programs to recruit and retain staff members who reflect the cultural diversity of the community served, use of interpreter services or bilingual providers for clients with limited English proficiency, cultural competency training for healthcare...
Identification and management of domestic violence: A randomized trial
- Robert S. Thompson; Nancy K. Sugg; D. Maiuro; David M. Rubanowice
Background: Diagnosis of domestic violence (DV) in primary care is low compared to its prevalence. Care for patients is deficient. Over a 1-year period, we tested the effectiveness of an intensive intervention to improve asking about DV, case finding, and management in primary care. The intervention included skill training for providers, environmental orchestration (posters in clinical areas, DV questions on health questionnaires), and measurement and feedback. Methods: We conducted a group-randomized controlled trial in five primary care clinics of a large health maintenance organization (HMO). Outcomes were assessed at baseline and follow-up by survey, medical record review, and qualitative means....
Effectiveness of an intervention to reduce HIV transmission risks in HIV-positive people
- Seth C. Kalichman; David Rompa; Marjorie Cage; Kari Difonzo; Dolores Simpson; Steven Pinkerton Phd
Background: As many as one in three HIV-positive people continue unprotected sexual practices after learning that they are HIV infected. This article reports the outcomes of a theory-based intervention to reduce risk of HIV transmission for people living with HIV infection. Methods: Men (n5233) and women (n599) living with HIV-AIDS were randomly assigned to receive either (1) a five-session group intervention focused on strategies for practicing safer sexual behavior, or (2) a five-session, contact-matched, health-maintenance support group (standard-of-care comparison). Participants were followed for 6 months post-intervention. Results: The intervention to reduce risk of HIV transmission resulted in significantly less unpro-tected...
2 ADULT OBESITY IN PRIMARY CARE Acknowledgements
- Core Scholar; Sherry M. Adkins; Sherry M. Adkins
Part of the Community Health and Preventive Medicine Commons This Master's Culminating Experience is brought to you for free and open access by the Master of Public Health Program at CORE Scholar. It has been accepted for inclusion in Master of Public Health Program Student Publications by an authorized administrator of CORE Scholar. For more information, please contact
Los medios y los fines
- Linares, Luciana Mercedes
Como analizamos en el capítulo anterior, la irrupción de la eugenesia en la Argentina estuvo fuertemente vinculada al interés que despertaba ésta en un grupo de médicos, que en la década del 30´, contaban con prestigio en la corporación de profesionales de la salud. El proyecto de realizar una publicación con intenciones populares diseñada y redactada por especialistas en la salud, puede adjudicarse a médicos vinculados con la medicina preventiva y la preocupación por el mejoramiento racial , que habían mantenido contacto con los primeros eugenistas del mundo latino. Desde este marco, podemos decir que la revista “Viva Cien Años”...
Type 2 diabetes and health care costs in Latin America: exploring the need for greater preventive medicine
- Arredondo, Armando
A Highly Scalable Information System as Extendable Framework Solution for Medical R&D Projects
- Silke Holzmüller-laue A; Bernd Göde B; Regina Stoll C; Kerstin Thurow A
Abstract. For research projects in preventive medicine a flexible information management is needed that offers a free planning and documentation of project specific examinations. The system should allow a simple, preferably automated data acquisition from several distributed sources (e.g., mobile sensors, stationary diagnostic systems, questionnaires, manual inputs) as well as an effective data management, data use and analysis. An information system fulfilling these requirements has been developed at the Center for Life Science Automation (celisca). This system combines data of multiple investigations and multiple devices and displays them on a single screen. The integration of mobile sensor systems for comfortable,...
Estudio epidemiológico y factores pronóstico de la infección en artroplastias, durante un periodo de 6 años.
- Gázquez Gázquez, G.; Rodrigo Pérez, José Luis; Chuliá Carrasco, V.; Camarena Miñana, Juan José; Bautista Rentero, Daniel; González, R.; Morales, M.
Through a system of epidemiological surveillance of infections is studied in our hospital the in
fection incidence in hip and knee replacement between 2007 and 2012. The results are compared with other
Spanish and European surveillance systems (HELICS
Program). In our hospital have taken
place a total of 3155 hip and knee replacements (hip and knee replacements because of osteoarthritis and, in case
of hip replacements, also for subcapital fractures) reporting a total of 66 infections, with infection rate of 2.09.
The predisposing factors studied were: diabetes mellitus, obesity, neoplasia, renal failure, rheumatoid arthritis
and taking steroids, so the first two factors were present in most...
Bridging Ayurveda with evidence-based scientific approaches in medicine
- Patwardhan, Bhushan
This article reviews contemporary approaches for bridging Ayurveda with evidence-based medicine. In doing so, the author presents a pragmatic assessment of quality, methodology and extent of scientific research in Ayurvedic medicine. The article discusses the meaning of evidence and indicates the need to adopt epistemologically sensitive methods and rigorous experimentation using modern science. The author critically analyzes the status of Ayurvedic medicine based on personal observations, peer interactions and published research. This review article concludes that traditional knowledge systems like Ayurveda and modern scientific evidence-based medicine should be integrated. The author advocates that Ayurvedic researchers should develop strategic collaborations with...
Report on the present state of knowledge concerning accessory food factors (vitamines) /
- Medical research committee.; Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine.
At head of title: National health insurance.
Illustrated taxonomic keys to genera and species of mosquito larvae of Korea.
- Lee, Kwan Woo.; Zorka, Thomas John,
1950-; United States.
Medical Command, 18th.
Preventive Medicine Unit, 5th.
Development of an Adenovirus-Based Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vaccine: Preclinical Evaluation of Efficacy, Immunogenicity, and Enhanced Disease in a Cotton Rat Model
- Kim, Eun; Okada, Kaori; Beeler, Judy A.; Crim, Roberta L.; Piedra, Pedro A.; Gilbert, Brian E.; Gambotto, Andrea
The lack of a vaccine against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a challenging and serious gap in preventive medicine. Herein, we characterize the immunogenicity of an adenovirus serotype 5-based RSV vaccine encoding the fusion (F) protein (Ad5.RSV-F) and the protection provided following immunization with Ad5.RSV-F and assess its potential for producing enhanced disease in a cotton rat (CR) model. Animals were immunized intranasally (i.n.) and/or intramuscularly (i.m.) and subsequently challenged with RSV/A/Tracy (i.n.) to assess protection. Robust immune responses were seen in CRs vaccinated with Ad5.RSV-F given i.m. or i.n., and these responses correlated with reduced replication of the virus...
How to keep well and live long : from the standpoint of the new philosophy, accompanying the educational charts for the prevention of disease.
- American Society for the Prevention of Disease.
Mode of access: Internet.
Materia medica and therapeutics, preventive medicine.
- Evans, W. A.
ed.; Butler, George F.
Edited by G. F. Butler, W. A. Evans.
The Asclepiad. A book of original research and observation in the science, art, and literature of medicine, preventive and curative. Vol. 1, no. 2; Vol. 2, no. 5.
- Richardson, Benjamin Ward,
Mode of access: Internet.
Optimistic medicine, or, The early treatment of simple problems rather than the late treatment of serious problems /
- Crandall, Arthur George,
Calorie-labelling in catering outlets: acceptability and impacts on food sales
- Nikolaou, Charoula K.; Lean, Michael E.J.; Hankey, Catherine R.
Obesity is the biggest challenge facing preventive medicine. Calorie-labelling has been suggested as a way of changing the architecture of an ‘obesogenic’ environment without limiting consumer choice. This study examined the effect of calorie-labelling on sales of food items at catering outlets on a city-centre university campus.
Sales data were collected for two consecutive months in 2013 on three UK university sites (two with calorie-labelling during second month, one control) and analysed with chi-square ‘Goodness-of-Fit’ tests. A questionnaire seeking consumers' views and use of the calorie-labelling was administered and analysed at group-level with chi-square tests.
In intervention vs control sites, total sales...
Transactions of the Section on Preventive Medicine and Public Health of the American Medical Association at the ... annual session.
- American Medical Association.
Section on Preventive Medicine and Public Health.
Mode of access: Internet.