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  1. BY


    Because of the abrupt onset and self-contained nature of the influenza out-break at Camp Haugen, together with the isolation of the etiological agent from military personnel, an epidemio-logical review is presented. General aspects An increase in admissions for com-mon respiratory disease and influenza among United States military personnel in Japan was noted early in 1950 when the January rate rose to 114 per 1,000 per annum, continued to 117 in Feb-ruary and receded in March to 101 per 1,000 per annum. During these months, most of the reported admissions for this group of respiratory diseases were among Army troops stationed...

  2. Tools and Techniques for Enhanced Health Surveillance in Deployed Settings

    Kennedy Circle
    Historically, diseases and non-battle injuries have had the greatest impact on military mission accomplishment. In recent years, service members and their leaders are increasingly concerned about potential adverse health effects from environmental exposures occurring far from home. Now, there is also an increasing threat of attacks involving weapons of mass destruction. Prompt preventive action is available for many biological threats and would minimize the number of casualties, but this requires early identification of the attack. Enhanced surveillance techniques may hold the key to such early warning systems. This paper describes recent efforts to incorporate this approach as part of in-theater...

  3. of military operations

    Krzysztof Skórczewski; Krzysztof Korzeniewski
    The organization and implementation of anti-epidemic support in the Polish Armed Forces carry-ing out mandatory tasks in theatres of military operations poses a difficult and imperceptible problem in the field of medical assistance of military contingents. One of the operative instru-ments designed for limitation of the spread of infectious diseases and its health consequences among participants of military operations is an epidemiological investigation. Analysis of the real limitations and possibilities in the management of investigative activities constitutes a complex and varied character of issue. The aim of this paper was to present the legal, diagnostic, and logistic limitations, including medical...

  4. Downers Grove, Ill. During my senior year at CCOM, I was president of the

    Council Student; Council Presidents
    (then only seven members strong). Fore-seeing a time when there would be more graduates of colleges of osteo-pathic medicine (COMs) than osteo-pathic internships, we recommended that the osteopathic medical profession partner with allopathic residency pro-grams to create the needed space for COM graduates. We also suggested a way for allopathically trained osteo-pathic specialists to be formally recog-nized by the osteopathic medical pro-fession upon completion of training; this recognition would not have required membership in the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) or large fees. Unfortunately, our recommenda-tions were politely ignored by the AOA. I was lucky enough to match with a fine...

  5. 2Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal, Universidade de São Paulo – USP,

    Carrapatos Infest; São Paulo; Gustavo Seron; Sanches* Thiago Fern; Es Martins; Pablo Henrique; Nunes Maria; Izabel Camargo-mathias; Marcelo Bahia Labruna; São Paulo
    In the present study, we report tick infestations on wild birds in plots of the Atlantic Forest reforested fragments with native species and plots reforested with Eucalyptus tereticornis in the municipality of Rio Claro, State of Sao Paulo, Brazil. A total of 256 birds were captured: 137 individuals of 33 species, in planted native forest; and 128 individuals of 37 species, in planted Eucalyptus tereticornis forest. Nymphs of two tick species were found on the birds: Amblyomma calcaratum and Amblyomma longirostre, the former was more abundant in the fragments reforested with Atlantic forest native species, and the latter in the...

  6. Accidents..

    Core Scholar; Charlene Lam; Charlene Lam
    Part of the Community Health and Preventive Medicine Commons This Master's Culminating Experience is brought to you for free and open access by the Master of Public Health Program at CORE Scholar. It has been accepted for inclusion in Master of Public Health Program Student Publications by an authorized administrator of CORE Scholar. For more information, please contact

  7. Preventive Medicine

    Robert M. Cavanaugh; Paul K. Henneberger; Sc. D
    Summary: Parents ’ opinions regarding anticipatory guidance for adolescents have not been adequately investigated. In this study, 932 parents of adolescents completed a computerized questionnaire listing 30 common psychosocial-medical concerns of adolescence. Respondents were asked how important it is for private pediatricians to discuss these topics with their teenagers during regular checkups. Ten items were rated important by ≥ 90 % of parents, 22 items by ≥ 80%, and 29 items by ≥ 66%. Heeding parents ’ expectations and concerns, pediatricians should incorporate discussions of psychosocial-medical issues as a meaningful component of routine adolescent health care.

  8. Printed In Great Britain Teaching Epidemiology to Medical Students

    W E Waters
    Much has been written recently about the teaching of epidemiology to medical students. In the past few decades the amount of time devoted to epidemi-ology in the medical curriculum has increased in many countries. In Britain, this change, which was already occurring, was given increased momentum by the Royal Commission on Medical Education 1965-1968 (1). One difficulty in reviewing this subject is that of terminology, since epidemiology is included in social and preventive medicine, public health, occupational medicine and, more recently, community medicine and community health; these terms are generally interchangeable in this review. Some aspects of epidemiology are also...

  9. Quantitativos em Saúde,

    Medicina Preventiva; Faculdade De Medicina; Macedo S/nº Cidade; Epidemiologia E Métodos; Escola Nacional De Saúde; Pública Sergio Arouca
    Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Low birthweight and postnatal weight in full-term infants under six months old, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil Baixo peso ao nascer e peso pós-natal em bebês a termo menores de seis meses de idade, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil Resumo Este estudo investigou a associação entre baixo peso ao nascer e peso pós-natal em crianças a termo, considerando-se características sociais, econômicas, maternas e infantis. Estudo transversal realizado em bebês com até seis meses de idade em 27 unidades de Atenção Primária à Saúde. Foram incluídos no estudo somente be-bês a termo e não gemelares. A...

  10. Characterizing avian Escherichia coli isolates with multiplex polymerase chain reaction. Avian Dis

    Jerod A. Skyberg; Shelley M. Horne; Catherine W. Giddings; Richard E. Wooley; Penelope S. Gibbs; Jerod A. Skyberg; Shelley M. Horne; Catherine W. Giddings; Richard E. Wooley; Penelope S. Gibbs; K. Nolan; A. Skyberg; Shelley M. Horne; Catherine W. Giddings; E. Wooley; Penelope S. Gibbs; Lisa K. Nolan
    Preventive Medicine, Epidemiology, and Public Health Commons The complete bibliographic information for this item can be found at

  11. Translating the Diabetes Prevention Program into the community. The DEPLOY Pilot Study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine

    Ronald T. Ackermann; Emily A. Finch; Edward Brizendine; David G. Marrero
    Background—The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) found that an intensive lifestyle intervention can reduce the development of diabetes by more than half in adults with prediabetes, but there is little information about the feasibility of offering such an intervention in community settings. This study evaluated the delivery of a group-based DPP lifestyle intervention in partnership with the YMCA. Methods—This pilot cluster-randomized trial was designed to compare group-based DPP lifestyle intervention delivery by the YMCA to brief counseling alone (control) in adults who attended a diabetes risk-screening event at one of two semi-urban YMCA facilities and who had a BMI ≥24 kg/...

  12. Disease prevention and health promotion initiatives: some legal considerations

    Michael R. Pollard; John T. Brennan
    Public health programs to prevent disease and promote health are constrained by legal doctrines that protect individuals from intrusive regulation of their health-influencing behaviors. This paper outlines the parameters of acceptable interventions in the context of antismoking legislation and motorcycle helmet safety laws. The authors discuss recent court decisions challenging the constitutionality of these laws and identify criteria the courts apply in reviewing governmental attempts to protect the public from disease or trauma. Disease prevention, a longstanding objective of preventive medicine and public health programs, has been linked with the related concept of health promotion in several recent reports.6’28~O Prevention...

  13. Emerging and Reemerging Infections Community-Associated Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infections Are Increasingly Common

    Bennett Lorber Md
    health and preventive medicine, and therapeutics. In the area of emerging and reemerging infections, important pa-pers in 2005 shed new light on disease caused by methicil-lin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, respiratory syncytial vi-rus, Clostridium difficile–associated diarrhea, and influenza. There were new findings in the area of public health and preventive medicine regarding the treatment of recurrent sexually transmitted infections and the radiographic ap-pearance of tuberculosis. Papers in therapeutics addressed the use of intrapleural streptokinase for pleural effusion and antibiotic prophylaxis for neutropenic patients. Changes to clinical practice emerging from these articles are shown in the Table.

  14. THE CHALLENGE OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE *

    Stevens Simmons
    I appreciate deeply the honor of being asked to give the James D. Bruce Memorial Lecture on Preventive Medicine for 1948. It is a pleasure to at-tend this Convocation and to be here with so many good friends. I welcome the opportunity to discuss such a timely subject with this distinguished group of leaders in American Medicine, for I am sure there has never been a period in the history of the country when preventive medi-cine was of such vital importance to our national welfare and security. We are living in a dangerous age and no one knows where the...

  15. $rec.titulo

    Rev Saúde Pública; Andréa Maria Eleutério De; Barros Lima Martinsi; Sandhi Maria Barretoii; Isabela Almeida Pordeusiii; I Curso; Estadual Montes; Claros Montes Claros; Mg Brasil; Medicina Preventiva; Horizonte Mg Brasil; Ufmg Belo Horizonte
    Factors associated to self perceived need of dental care among Brazilian elderly OBJECTIVE: To analyze factors associated with the self-perceived need for dental treatment among elderly people. METHODS: A total of 5,326 individuals who were included in a sample of Brazilian elderly people aged 65-74 years in a home survey on oral health conducted by the Brazilian Ministry of Health in 2002/2003 were investigated. The analysis was based on the model of Gift, Atchison & Drury, and Poisson regression for analysis of surveys with complex samples was used. RESULTS: Out of the whole sample, 2,928 (55%) of the elderly people...

  16. of military operations

    Krzysztof Skórczewski; Krzysztof Korzeniewski
    The organization and implementation of anti-epidemic support in the Polish Armed Forces carry-ing out mandatory tasks in theatres of military operations poses a difficult and imperceptible problem in the field of medical assistance of military contingents. One of the operative instru-ments designed for limitation of the spread of infectious diseases and its health consequences among participants of military operations is an epidemiological investigation. Analysis of the real limitations and possibilities in the management of investigative activities constitutes a complex and varied character of issue. The aim of this paper was to present the legal, diagnostic, and logistic limitations, including medical...

  17. Escherichia coli Strains

    Timothy J. Johnson; Kylie E. Siek; Sara J. Johnson; Lisa K. Nolan; Lisa K. Nolan; Timothy J. Johnson; Kylie E. Siek; Sara J. Johnson
    Part of the Genomics Commons, Veterinary Microbiology and Immunobiology Commons, and the Veterinary Preventive Medicine, Epidemiology, and Public Health Commons The complete bibliographic information for this item can be found at

  18. Perceptions of the religion-health connection among African American church members

    Cheryl L. Holt; Emily Schulz; Theresa A. Wynn; Cheryl L. Holt; Emily Schulz; Theresa A. Wynn; School Of Medicine; Division Of Preventive
    Extensive literature reviews suggest that religiousness is positively associated with health. Much less understood is the particular nature of the religion–health connection. Religion and the church play a cen-tral role in the lives of many African Americans. This study used a mixed-methods approach to examine perceptions of the religion–health connection among African Americans in urban and rural areas. Four hundred participants were randomly selected and interviewed by telephone, answering open-ended ques-tions about their perceptions of the role of religiousness in their health. Data were analyzed using an open-coding technique. Codes were arranged into families involving the role of a higher...

  19. Perceptions of the religion-health connection among African American church members

    Cheryl L. Holt; Emily Schulz; Theresa A. Wynn; Cheryl L. Holt; Emily Schulz; Theresa A. Wynn; School Of Medicine; Division Of Preventive
    Extensive literature reviews suggest that religiousness is positively associated with health. Much less understood is the particular nature of the religion–health connection. Religion and the church play a cen-tral role in the lives of many African Americans. This study used a mixed-methods approach to examine perceptions of the religion–health connection among African Americans in urban and rural areas. Four hundred participants were randomly selected and interviewed by telephone, answering open-ended ques-tions about their perceptions of the role of religiousness in their health. Data were analyzed using an open-coding technique. Codes were arranged into families involving the role of a higher...

  20. Distribution Unlimited

    Scientific Manuscript; S De Wd; Dqlstpjblyion Staw; Larry H. Ingraham; Faris R. Kirkl; Ph. D; David H. Marlowe
    This paper is one of a series of occasional, informal accounts of work in the Division of Neurops)Thiatry at the Walter Reed Army i stitute of Research. The repori ' generally address topics in Army preventive medicine for which implementation responsibility lies significantly outside the Medical Department. Although their contents may overlap partly with our publications in the scientific literature, most papers are based on trip reports, briefings, and consultations involving specific Army audiences. Comments to the senior author are welcome.

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