Mostrando recursos 141 - 160 de 868
Paulo Henrique Trombetta Zannin; Bani Szeremetta
Foi realizado um estudo da poluição sonora no parque Jardim Botânico de Curitiba. Efetuaram-se medições do nível sonoro equivalente Leq em dB(A), em 21 pontos espalhados dentro da área do parque, além de entrevistas com os freqüentadores do local. Constatou-se que 47,6% dos pontos de medição apresentaram níveis sonoros acima de Leq = 65dB(A), considerado pela medicina preventiva como o nível máximo a que um cidadão pode se expor sem riscos à saúde, e 90,5% dos pontos avaliados não satisfizeram à Lei Municipal nº 8.583, que fixa o limite de 55dB(A) como nível máximo de emissões sonoras em áreas verdes....
Análisa-se os resultados de pesquisa de acompanhamento e avaliação do Curso de Especialização em Saúde Pública realizado pelo Departamento de Medicina Preventiva e Social da Faculdade de Ciências Médicas da UNICAMP, turmas de 1993 e 1995. A investigação foi realizada durante o curso e alguns meses depois do término do mesmo. Os alunos informaram suas atividades profissionais, as dificuldades e facilidades em desenvolvê-las e o compromisso com os serviços públicos de saúde nos quais trabalhavam; informaram também sobre suas expectativas em relação à especialização em saúde pública. Ao final das disciplinas, os alunos avaliaram a relevância dos conteúdos transmitidos, sua...
Isolation of Leptospira spp. from a man living in a rural area of the Municipality of Cruz Alta, RS, Brazil
Felipe Jorge da Silva; Glaucenyra Cecília Pinheiro Silva; Sylvia Grune Loffler; Bibiana Brihuega; Luis Ernesto Samartino; Miguel Frederico Fernandez Alarcon; Carlos Eduardo Pereira dos Santos; Luis Antonio Mathias
The aim of this study was to describe the isolation of a pathogenic strain of Leptospira interrogans from the urine sample of a male human living in the rural area of the County of Cruz Alta, Rio Grande do Sul. An aliquot of each urine sample was sown in a Fletcher and Ellinghausen - McCullough - Johnson - Harris (EMJH) media. Samples in which there was growth of spirochetes were sent to the Leptospirosis Laboratory of the Institute of Pathobiology in the National Institute of Agricultural Technology, Buenos Aires, Argentina and were typified by the Multiple Locus of Variable Number...
Subjective wellbeing is an important issue on the preventive medicine and political agenda and for mutual communication, information, and interaction in society and its individuals “requires new tools for measuring phenomena previously believed unmeasurable, as well as conceptual frameworks for interpreting such measurements…considering both happiness and misery.” The task is difficult, however, due to the great span of parameters and variables of age and gender, settings, socioeconomic conditions, wellness and illness, activities and functions, roles and habits, thoughts and feelings, and experiences and expectations involved over the panorama. HealthOmeter is a clinically tested and validated instrument with design and capacity...
M. A. Faghih
The need of the society for medical and health care services and the question of training of physician and medical education program, are major problems which the health and education planners are faced with. The increasing tendency toward specialization in various branches of medicine, has created a significant gap between the rea1 medical need of the community, ie, primary comprehensive health care and what the medical profession offers at the time being; in other words the medical profession is gradually losing the social and humanitarian aspects of their services: In order to overcome these problems, there is an urgent need...
The control of cigarette smoking can do more to improve health and prolong life than any other single action in the whole field of preventive medicine. Many smokers desire to stop but need instructions and support. Beside nicotine and carbon monoxide, there are a lot of carcion-genous materials in cigarettes. A positive relationship exists between cigarette smoking and lung cancer, bronchitis, emphysema, ischeamic heart disease, peptic ulcer and so on. Preventive measures should be planned along the following lines: - Not to smoke in factories while working - If to stop smoking is impossible, not to inhale, to decrease numbers and so on - The...
Genetic polymorphisms associated with lipid metabolism involved in the pathophysiology of ischemic stroke
Tamires Flauzino; Daniela Frizon Alfieri; Ana Paula Kallaur; Elaine Regina Delicato de Almeida; Edna Maria Vissoci Reiche
The stroke is a complex, multifactorial, and polygenic disorder that results from the interaction between the individual genetic components and environmental factors. Previous studies have established hypertension, smoking, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, elevated body mass index, disturbances of coagulation and increasing age as predictors of stroke risk factors. The stroke is a more crippling than deadly disease that requires long-term institutionalization, as it decreases the quality of life of patients, resulting in higher costs to social and economic levels. It thus becomes increasingly important to emphasize the Preventive Medicine strategies. Dyslipidemia has been associated with pathophysiology of ischemic stroke and genetic...
Arman Zargaran; Amir Azizi; Gholamreza Kordafshari; Afshin Borhani-Haghighi
Assessment of lipid profile when using lipid-lowering therapy (statins) in patients with coronary atherosclerosis
N.E. Gavrilova; V.A. Metelskaya; E.B. Yarovaya; N.V. Gomyranova; S.A. Boytsov
Aim. To assess of lipid-lowering therapy with statins in very high cardiovascular risk patients admitted to hospital for coronary angiography and analyze lipid profiles depending on the intensity of lipid-lowering therapy. Material and methods. A total of 502 patients aged 25-86 years (mean age 61.2±9.4 years) who admitted to the clinic of State Research Center for Preventive Medicine were consecutively included into the study. All of them were examined and underwent coronary angiography. Plasma lipid levels were determined by standard laboratory methods. Results. The levels of total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-cholesterol) and non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-cholesterol) were significantly higher among...
Studying complex biological systems in a holistic rather than a “one gene or one protein” at a time approach requires the concerted effort of scientists from a wide variety of disciplines. The Institute for Systems Biology (ISB) has seamlessly integrated these disparate fields to create a cross-disciplinary platform and culture in which “biology drives technology drives computation.” To achieve this platform/culture, it has been necessary for cross-disciplinary ISB scientists to learn one another’s languages and work together effectively in teams. The focus of this “systems” approach on disease has led to a discipline denoted systems medicine. The advent of technological...
Mi-Hye So; You-Kyung Choi
Scutellariae Radix and Liriopis Tuber have been used to treat the inflammatory diseases in traditional Korean medicine and anti-inflammatory effect of each herb has been shown partially in several articles. However, the combined extract of these medicinal herbs (SL) has not been reported for its anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, we investigated the effects of SL on the creation of several proinflammatory mediators in RAW 264.7 cell mouse macrophages induced by Lipopolysaccharide (LPS). SL inhibited significantly the increase of NO, the release of intracellular calcium, the increase of interleukin-6 (IL-6), macrophage inflammatory proteins (MIP-1α, MIP-1β, and MIP-2), and granulocyte colony-stimulating...
The efficacy and safety of triple inhaled treatment in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis using Bayesian methods
Kwak MS; Kim E; Jang EJ; Kim HJ; Lee CH
Min-Sun Kwak,1 Eunyoung Kim,2 Eun Jin Jang,3 Hyun Jung Kim,4 Chang-Hoon Lee5 1Department of Internal Medicine, Healthcare Research Institute, Healthcare System Gangnam Center, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 2Department of Statistics, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea; 3Department of Information Statistics, Andong National University, Andong, Republic of Korea; 4Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 5Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea Purpose: Although tiotropium (TIO) and inhaled corticosteroid (ICS)/long-acting β-agonists are...
Altruïstisch ambtenaar of heroïsch genie? Het gepropageerde beeld van provinciale en academische directeurs van bacteriologische laboratoria in België (ca. 1900-1940)
Altruistic public servant or heroic genius? The propagated image of provincial and academic directors of bacteriological laboratories in Belgium (ca. 1900-1940) At the end of the nineteenth century provincial bacteriological institutes were established in Belgium – in Liège, Mons, Namur and Brussels – in order to combat epidemics, to promote preventive medicine and to pursue the successful research of Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch. Similar laboratories existed at the universities of Ghent, Louvain and Brussels. The image building played an important role for both kinds of institutes, as bacteriology in pioneering phase had to be publicly confirmed as a new,...
Teshome W; Belayneh M; Moges M; Endriyas M; Mekonnen E; Ayele S; Misganaw T; Shiferaw M; Chinnakali P; Hinderaker SG; Kumar AMV
Wondu Teshome,1 Mihretu Belayneh,1 Mathewos Moges,1 Misganu Endriyas,2 Emebet Mekonnen,2 Sinafiksh Ayele,2 Tebeje Misganaw,2 Mekonnen Shiferaw,2 Palanivel Chinnakali,3 Sven Gudmund Hinderaker,4 Ajay MV Kumar5 1School of Public and Environmental Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia; 2Research Technology Transfer Process Unit, SNNP Regional Health Bureau, Hawassa, Ethiopia; 3Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Post-graduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India; 4Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; 5The International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, South-East Asia Regional Office, New Delhi, India Background: Treatment adherence is critical for the success of...
Quarter of a century in the looking for optimal ways to prevent noninfectious diseases and new tasks for the future (to the 25th anniversary of the State research center for preventive medicine founding)
S.A. Boytcov; R.G. Oganov
General Report & Recommendations in Predictive, Preventive and Personalised Medicine 2012: White Paper of the European Association of Predictive, Preventive and Personalised Medicine
Golubnitschaja Olga; Costigliola Vincenzo
This report is the collective product of word-leading experts working in the branches of integrative medicine by predictive, preventive and personalised medicine (PPPM) under the coordination of the European Association for Predictive, Preventive and Personalised Medicine. The general report has been prepared as the consortium document proposed at the EPMA World Congress 2011 which took place in Bonn, Germany. This forum analyzed the overall deficits and trends relevant for the top-science and daily practice in PPPM focused on the patient. Follow-up consultations resulted in a package of recommendations for consideration by research units, educators, healthcare industry, policy-makers, and funding...
A histological evaluation and in vivo assessment of intratumoral near infrared photothermal nanotherapy-induced tumor regression
Green HN; Crockett SD; Martyshkin DV; Singh KP; Grizzle WE; Rosenthal EL; Mirov SB
Hadiyah N Green,1,2 Stephanie D Crockett,3 Dmitry V Martyshkin,1 Karan P Singh,2,4 William E Grizzle,2,5 Eben L Rosenthal,2,6 Sergey B Mirov11Department of Physics, Center for Optical Sensors and Spectroscopies, 2Comprehensive Cancer Center, 3Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, 4Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive Medicine, Biostatistics and Bioinformatics Shared Facility, 5Department of Pathology, 6Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USAPurpose: Nanoparticle (NP)-enabled near infrared (NIR) photothermal therapy has realized limited success in in vivo studies as a potential localized cancer therapy. This is primarily due to a lack...
Ko Ko U
The diagnostic yield of the first episode of a periodic health evaluation: a descriptive epidemiology study
Kermott Cindy A; Kuhle Carol S; Faubion Stephanie S; Johnson Ruth E; Hensrud Donald D; Murad Mohammad
The benefits of a periodic health evaluation remain debatable. The incremental value added by such evaluations beyond the delivery of age appropriate screening and preventive medicine recommendations is unclear.
We retrospectively collected data on a cohort of consecutive patients presenting for their first episode of a comprehensive periodic health evaluation. We abstracted data on new diagnoses that were identified during this single episode of care and that were not trivial (i.e., required additional testing or intervention).
The cohort consisted of 491 patients. The rate of new diagnoses per this single episode of care was 0.9 diagnoses...
Nutritional condition of school age children. Clinic, anthropo-medical and alimentary assessment Estado nutricional en niños escolares. Valoración clínica, antropométrica y alimentaria
José Danilo Pacheco; Mariela Dorta Figueredo; Carmen Emilia Guerra Cabrera; Odalys Quintero Rodríguez; Jesús Vila Díaz; Alina Esther González Hermida
<strong>Background:</strong> the study of children´s growth in an appropriate indicator of children health condition and should be used as one of the basis in the practice of preventive medicine. <strong>Objective:</strong> to determine the nutritional al condition of children of third and sixth grade of elementary schools of Health Area V of Cienfuegos Municipality. <strong>Methods:</strong> descriptive, observational, cross-sectional and relational study of 445 school age children from 4 elementary schools. A clinic assessment was carried out along with an anthropo-medical evaluation. A qualitative survey was developed to assess the frequency of consumption of different alimentary groups. <strong>Results:</strong> the relation weight/height in...