Mostrando recursos 141 - 160 de 3,730
Genotype vs. Phenotype and the Rise of Non-Communicable Diseases: The Importance of Lifestyle Behaviors During Childhood
Wu, Brian W; Skidmore, Paula M; Orta, Olivia R; Faulkner, James; Lambrick, Danielle; Signal, Leigh; Williams, Michelle A; Stoner, Lee
Despite continued research and growing public awareness, the incidence of non-communicable diseases (NCD) continues to accelerate. While a person may have a genetic predisposition to certain NCDs, the rapidly changing epidemiology of NCDs points to the importance of environmental, social, and behavioural determinants of health. Specifically, three lifestyle behaviours expose children to important environmental cues and stressors: physical activity, nutritional intake, and sleep behaviour. Failure to expose children to proper gene-environment interactions, through the aforementioned lifestyle behaviours, can and will predispose children to the development of NCDs. Reengineering the environments of children can induce a paradigm shift, from a predominantly...
Cardiovascular disease risk prevention: preliminary survey of baseline knowledge, attitude and practices of a Nigerian rural community
Victor Maduabuchi Oguoma; Ezekiel Uba Nwose; Philip Taderera Bwititi
Background: Knowledge and attitude are significant factors impinging on whether individuals seek healthcare service. This flows on to impact public health knowledge of prevalence of diseases, and in turn, the practice of preventive medicine. As part of the international research collaboration agenda for Prediabetes and Cardiovascular Complications Study, a preliminary survey of one of the Ndokwa communities of Nigeria has been carried out. Aim: This study was to understand the baseline knowledge, attitudes and practices of a rural community in regards to cardiovascular diseases, and behavior toward risk management. Materials and Methods: Seventy-four volunteer participants were recruited, after public lectures,...
Estimation of 10-year risk of coronary heart disease in nepalese patients with type 2 diabetes: Framingham versus United Kingdom prospective diabetes study
Daya Ram Pokharel; Dipendra Khadka; Manoj Sigdel; Naval Kishor Yadav; Lokendra Bahadur Sapkota; Ramchandra Kafle; Sarthak Nepal; Ravindra Mohan Sapkota; Niraj Choudhary
Background: Predicting future coronary heart disease (CHD) risk with the help of a validated risk prediction function helps clinicians identify diabetic patients at high risk and provide them with appropriate preventive medicine. Aim: The aim of this study is to estimate and compare 10-year CHD risks of Nepalese diabetic patients using two most common risk prediction functions: The Framingham risk equation and United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS) risk engine that are yet to be validated for Nepalese population. Patients and Methods: We conducted a hospital-based, cross-sectional study on 524 patients with type 2 diabetes. Baseline and biochemical variables of...
Protective effect of young green barley leaf (Hordeum vulgare L.) on restraint stress-induced decrease in hippocampal brain-derived neurotrophic factor in mice
Katsunori Yamaura; Riho Tanaka; Yuanyuan Bi; Hideki Fukata; Nobuo Oishi; Hiromi Sato; Chisato Mori; Koichi Ueno
Background: Many health experts support the hypothesis that stressful lifestyles are the leading cause of illness, like depression. Therefore, from the standpoint of preventive medicine, it is important to reduce stress. Young green barley leaves are a good natural source of vitamins and minerals, and their juice is widely consumed as a functional food for health reasons in Japan. This study investigated the protective effect of young green barley leaves for stress control. Materials and Methods: ICR outbred mice were exposed to 3-h sessions of restraint stress. Young green barley leaves (400 and 1,000 mg/kg) were administered orally 1 h...
Identifying the effects of social media on health behavior: Data from a large-scale online experiment
Jingwen Zhang; Devon Brackbill; Sijia Yang; Damon Centola
Sedentary lifestyle is an escalating epidemic. Little is known about whether or how social media can be used to design a cost-effective solution for sedentary lifestyle. In this article we describe the data from a randomized controlled trial (RCT) that evaluated two prominent strategies for conducting exercise interventions using elements of social media: motivational media campaigns and online peer networks. The data file includes 217 participants’ basic demographic information, number of exercise class enrollments over 13 weeks, and self-reported number of days for exercise activities in the previous 7 days at baseline. Among the 217, 164 also have data on...
Abdullah ilhan; Umit Yolcu; Fatih Cakir Gundogan; Ahmet sen; Fahrettin Akay
Infestations of ocular tissues caused by myias larvae is called ophthalmomyiasis It and #8217;s commonly seen in warm climates and places where close contact to farm animals is possible. Twenty one years old male patient applied with complaint of redness and excessive lacrimation. During biomicroscopic examination a mobile larvae was seen in the inferior fornix. Ocular signs and symptoms diminished after removal of larva and irrigation followed by topical antibiotherapy. This rare case demonstrates that lack of sanitation may lead ophthalmomyiasis and that puts emphasis on the importance of preventive medicine once again. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2015; 14(2.000): 177-180]
Janaina Borges Polli; Ismael Polli
Resumo Objetivo Proporcionar conhecimento e instigar o profissional de saúde a fornecer uma orientação aprimorada quanto aos cuidados com crianças em viagens, além de orientar o seu transporte seguro. Fontes dos dados Revisão bibliográfica nas bases de dados Lilacs e Medline® de artigos com os termos viagem, segurança, equipamentos de proteção, criança e medicina preventiva e publicados nos últimos 21 anos. Síntese dos dados Foram analisados 93 artigos e66 atenderam aos critérios de inclusão após a leitura dos resumos. Para a construção do artigo propôs-se a definição dos subtemas: preparar a viagem com as crianças, conhecer alguns riscos do translado...
Lee SW; Kim HK; Baek S; Jung JY; Kim YS; Lee JS; Lee SD; Mannino DM; Oh YM
Sei Won Lee,1 Hyun Kuk Kim,2 Seunghee Baek,3 Ji-Ye Jung,4 Young Sam Kim,4 Jae Seung Lee,1 Sang-Do Lee,1 David M Mannino,5 Yeon-Mok Oh1 1Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Clinical Research Center for Chronic Obstructive Airway Diseases, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, 2Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Haeundae Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, 3Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, 4Division of Pulmonary, Department of Internal Medicine, Institute of Chest Disease, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea; 5Department...
Outcomes of domestic violence screening at an acute London trust: are there missed opportunities for intervention?
Warren-Gash, C; Bartley, A; Bayly, J; Dutey-Magni, P; Edwards, S; Madge, S; Miller, C; Nicholas, R; Radhakrishnan, S; Sathia, L; Swarbrick, H; Blaikie, D; Rodger, A
OBJECTIVES: Domestic violence screening is advocated in some healthcare settings. Evidence that it increases referral to support agencies or improves health outcomes is limited. This study aimed to (1) investigate the proportion of hospital patients reporting domestic violence, (2) describe characteristics and previous hospital attendances of affected patients and (3) assess referrals to an in-house domestic violence advisor from Camden Safety Net. DESIGN: A series of observational studies. SETTING: Three outpatient clinics at the Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust. PARTICIPANTS: 10 158 patients screened for domestic violence in community gynaecology, genitourinary medicine (GUM) and HIV medicine clinics between 1 October...
Proyecto un par para toda la vida: evaluación de una intervención de educación terapéutica compleja en personas con diabetes
Basilio Fernández, Belinda
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most prevalent chronic degenerative diseases and represents a major public health problem worldwide. Ever since the patient is diagnosed requires a widespread treatment to prevent complications. The diabetic foot is a complication of DM that generates health care costs, and it is the indicator of lower limb amputations. The main aim of the present study was the development, implementation and evaluation of a complex educational intervention on diabetic foot in the area of Plasencia. The project addresses one hand training in foot self-care for people with DM and secondly the training of nurses...
Revised by the Preventive Medicine and Family Health Committee
Ecologia Humana. O papel da Comunicação na qualidade de vida da pessoa idosa: Considerações sobre Corpo e Mente na Terceira Idade
Pedro Celso Campos
Com o acentuado envelhecimento da população, muitos pesquisadores procuram respostas para uma velhice com mais qualidade de vida. Todos concordam que não basta viver mais, é necessário viver bem. Uma das principais preocupações é com a medicina preventiva que busca preparar o corpo e a mente para uma terceira e quarta idade mais felizes. Neste artigo queremos destacar a contribuição dos processos comunicacionais no envelhecimento saudável, relacionando Comunicação, Saúde e Terceira Idade. Também queremos chamar a atenção dos estudantes de jornalismo para essa pauta cada vez mais presente do envelhecimento demográfico, visando, ainda, a contribuir com a superação de potenciais...
Lloret Llinares, Joan; Gil Guillén, Vicente; Fontoba Ferrándiz, Julio; Ponce Lorenzo, Francisco; Pascual Pastor, Francisco
This article attempts to analyze the need to create a health care structure to facilitate the implementation of tobacco cessation programs (TCP) in the various departments of health, on public health network. This structure is strengthened and reaches a larger number of subjects if it is based on primary health care, structured around a specifi c TCP consultation in every health center. These consultations must be at least one physician and one nurse who were specially engaged to seek consultation at least 4 hours a week. While the AP�s main gateway for patients, we can not discount the role of other units or services as preventive medicine,...
Tamayo López, María Jesús
La patología infecciosa nosocomial es considerada como uno de los mayores problemas de la medicina preventiva actual. Su importancia en el aumento de la morbimortalidad del paciente hospitalizado es obvia. Pero, dentro de ella, la infección de la herida quirúrgica es como mucho el mayor obstáculo en la historia de la cirugía. A pesar de los espectaculares avances en el control de la infección en las últimas décadas, esta sigue siendo el mayor factor limitante para el cirujano. La utilización de métodos diagnósticos cruentos, el empleo de fármacos citotóxicos y radioterapia para tratamiento de ciertos tumores, el uso creciente de...
II Reflexiones sobre la incapacidad y aptitud laboral. Nuevas sinergias entre medicina evaluadora y medicina laboral. Historia clínica laboral única: la incapacidad laboral, un continuo evolutivo
Korta Murua, Iñaki
Given that a large part of the activity of the National Institute of Social Security's (INSS) medical evaluators is closely linked to or even based on the relationship between active employees and their general and specific working conditions, it is striking that there is no standardised mechanism for communication with specialists in Occupational Medicine from the Risk Prevention Services whose activities are specifically focussed on workers and their working conditions. It is claimed that those agents of evaluative or preventive medicine or medical care who are responsible for making decisions about the psychological and physical condition of a person and...
Non-invasive prenatal testing for fetal chromosome abnormalities: review of clinical and ethical issues
Gekas J; Langlois S; Ravitsky V; Audibert F; van den Berg DG; Haidar H; Rousseau F
Jean Gekas,1,2 Sylvie Langlois,3 Vardit Ravitsky,4 François Audibert,5 David Gradus van den Berg,6 Hazar Haidar,4 François Rousseau2,7 1Prenatal Diagnosis Unit, Department of Medical Genetics and Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Université Laval, Québec City, QC, Canada; 2Department of Medical Biology, CHU de Québec, Québec City, QC, Canada; 3Department of Medical Genetics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada; 4Bioethics Program, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health, University of Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada; 5Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital Sainte-Justine, Montreal, QC, Canada; 6Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Université Laval, Québec City, QC, Canada;...
Parkinson, Lynne; Magin, Parker J; Thomson, Allison; Byles, Julie E; Caughey, Gillian E; Etherton-Beer, Christopher; Gnjidic, Danijela; Hilmer, Sarah N; Lo, Thomas King Tong; McCowan, Colin; Moorin, Rachael; Pond, C Dimity
OBJECTIVES To identify medicines contributing to and describe predictors of anticholinergic burden among community-dwelling older Australian women. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS Retrospective longitudinal analysis of data from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health linked to Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme medicines data from 1 January 2008 to 30 December 2010; for 3694 women born in 1921-1926. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Anticholinergic burden calculated from Anticholinergic Drug Scale (ADS) scores derived from ADS levels (0 to 3) for all medicines used by each woman, summed over each 6-month period (semester), medicines commonly used by women with high semester ADS scores (defined as 75th percentile of scores). RESULTS 1126 women (59.9%)...
Bomczuk, Basilio; Molina Franco, Emiliano; Sosa Medina, Rocío
El Dr. Ramón Carrillo, ministro de salud del presidente Perón, idea un plan de medicina del tipo preventiva para la construcción de los centros sanitarios en Tucumán, Santiago del Estero, Salta, Jujuy, Corrientes y Catamarca. El arquitecto Mario Roberto Álvarez (MRA) es autor del Centro Sanitario de la ciudad de San Fernando del Valle de Catamarca. Éste se ubica en una de las manzanas del área central y se construye entre 1948 y 1950. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivos, en primer lugar, explicar los alcances de los Centros Sanitarios del Plan Carrillo y hacer una descripción de uno de éstos edificios,...
Tizón Bouza, Eva
Introducción: La Organización Mundial de la Salud recomienda que todos los bebés sean alimentados con lactancia materna exclusiva (LME) hasta los 6 meses de edad y mantener la lactancia materna (LM) hasta cumplir los 2 años. Objetivos: Determinar la prevalencia de lactancia materna al alta hospitalaria, a los 4, 6 y 12 meses, así como las variables asociadas a su presencia. Determinar la validez y seguridad de diferentes antecedentes para predecir dicha prevalencia. Métodos: Estudio observacional, de seguimiento prospectivo (n=420; a=0,05; d= ±4,4%), entre junio/2013 y septiembre/2015, con mujeres ingresadas en el área sanitaria de Ferrol, por un proceso de...
Randomized, Open Label, Active Controlled comparative study to assess Safety, Efficacy of Mometasone & Formoterol versus Fluticasone & Formoterol dry powder inhaler in treatment of Mild to Moderate Persistent Asthma
Parasuramalu B G, Sathish Chandra M R, Huliraj N, Giriyanna Gowda, Gangaboraiah
"Background: Asthma is a problem worldwide, with an estimated 300 million affected individuals. Mometasone being newer drug has low systemic bioavailability, high glucocorticoid receptor affinity and modifies inflammatory mediators involved in the pathogenesis of asthma compared to other inhaled corticosteroids. There are very few studies conducted to assess and compare the safety and efficacy of Mometasone & Formoterol versus Fluticasone & Formoterol. Hence the present study was undertaken to assess the safety and efficacy of these dry powder inhaler in patients with mild to moderate persistent asthma on symptom control and rescue medication usage. Method: The present study was conducted in...