STYLE AMONG ADOLESCENTS IN A COASTAL
- Eyvin Bjørnstad; Kirsten Olaussen
Background. Adolescents, influenced by modern youth culture, may have a diet containing too little iron and other vital nutrients. Materials and methods. Adolescents from Finnmark county, situ-ated well above the arctic circle in Norway, from a Sami culture, and from a coastal culture, were examined to study hemoglobin, iron stores, dietary composition, food habits and life-style. A short inter-vention with dietary instructions was made, followed by re-examina-tion after one year. Results. The inland adolescents had larger iron stores, higher dietary intake of meat and protein, and lower intake of sugar than coastal ones, in accordance with traditional Sami diets. All...
International regulatory landscape and integration of corrective genome editing into in vitro fertilization
- Araki, Motoko; Ishii, Tetsuya
Genome editing technology, including zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs), transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs), and clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR)/Cas, has enabled far more efficient genetic engineering even in non-human primates. This biotechnology is more likely to develop into medicine for preventing a genetic disease if corrective genome editing is integrated into assisted reproductive technology, represented by in vitro fertilization. Although rapid advances in genome editing are expected to make germline gene correction feasible in a clinical setting, there are many issues that still need to be addressed before this could occur. We herein examine current status of genome...
- A. Taylor; Patricia Parmelee Ph. D; Holly Brown; Joseph Ouslander M. D
We gratefully acknowledge the expert advice of Elizabeth Capezuti, R.N., Ph.D. and Harry Strothers, M.D. and the invaluable work of Walton Harris in preparing the program materials. The Falls Management Program builds upon the previous work of Dr. Wayne Ray and colleagues at the Vanderbilt University School of Medicine. Several components of the program and illustrations in this publication are used courtesy of the Depart-ment of Preventive Medicine in the Vanderbilt University School of Medicine. Lucy Rogers, Pam O’Rourke, Ken Brouse and others at Ethica Healthcare Retirement Communities were instrumental in the development of the Tracking Record for Improving Patient...
Classification by Pairwise Coupling
- Trevor Hastie; Robert Tibshirani
We discuss a strategy for polychotomous classification that involves estimating class probabilities for each pair of classes, and then coupling the estimates together. The coupling model is similar to the Bradley-Terry method for paired comparisons. We study the nature of the class probability estimates that arise, and examine the performance of the procedure in real and simulated datasets. Classifiers used include linear discriminants, nearest neighbors, adaptive nonlinear methods, and the support vector machine. Department of Statistics, Sequoia Hall, Stanford University, Stanford California 94305; email@example.com y Department of Preventive Medicine and Biostatistics, and Department of Statistics; firstname.lastname@example.org 1 Introduction We consider...
Preventing violence through interventions in the health system
- Goodall, Christine
No abstract available.
- Jeffrey S. Levin; The Black; Church Health Care
ABSTRACT: In recent years, a new role for Black pastors has emerged. As agents of health-related social and behavioral change, Black ministers have taken active roles in preventive medicine at the tertiary, secondary, and primary levels of prevention, succeeding despite resistance by some physicians. The literature detailing these new health-related pastoral roles is reviewed, with special reference to the place of the Black Church in health care and to the place of the Black pastor in the Black experience. It is concluded that Black ministers are ideal people to take part in planning, promoting, and delivering preventive health care in...
sm la hol Rut ersity niver line 6 al smoking add to The theory of planned behaviour [Organ Behav. Hum. Introduction very hard for them to quit and as a consequence they are more Preventive Medicine 39 (20Adolescence is a period in which many youngsters begin to experiment with smoking. In most of the Western countries, there is an increase in the prevalence of smoking in the adolescence period [2,3]. In many of these countries,
- Department Preventive; Social Medicine; Senior Lecturer Pacific; Faafetai Sopoaga Mbchb
A Pacific immersion programme—is it useful in teaching Pacific health to future doctors in
Culturally competent healthcare systems: A systematic review." American journal of preventive medicine 24(3
- Laurie M. Anderson; Susan C. Scrimshaw; Mindy T. Fullilove
Overview: Culturally competent healthcare systems—those that provide culturally and linguistically appropriate services—have the potential to reduce racial and ethnic health disparities. When clients do not understand what their healthcare providers are telling them, and providers either do not speak the client’s language or are insensitive to cultural differences, the quality of health care can be compromised. We reviewed five interventions to improve cultural competence in healthcare systems—programs to recruit and retain staff members who reflect the cultural diversity of the community served, use of interpreter services or bilingual providers for clients with limited English proficiency, cultural competency training for healthcare...
Identification and management of domestic violence: A randomized trial
- Robert S. Thompson; Nancy K. Sugg; D. Maiuro; David M. Rubanowice
Background: Diagnosis of domestic violence (DV) in primary care is low compared to its prevalence. Care for patients is deficient. Over a 1-year period, we tested the effectiveness of an intensive intervention to improve asking about DV, case finding, and management in primary care. The intervention included skill training for providers, environmental orchestration (posters in clinical areas, DV questions on health questionnaires), and measurement and feedback. Methods: We conducted a group-randomized controlled trial in five primary care clinics of a large health maintenance organization (HMO). Outcomes were assessed at baseline and follow-up by survey, medical record review, and qualitative means....
Effectiveness of an intervention to reduce HIV transmission risks in HIV-positive people
- Seth C. Kalichman; David Rompa; Marjorie Cage; Kari Difonzo; Dolores Simpson; Steven Pinkerton Phd
Background: As many as one in three HIV-positive people continue unprotected sexual practices after learning that they are HIV infected. This article reports the outcomes of a theory-based intervention to reduce risk of HIV transmission for people living with HIV infection. Methods: Men (n5233) and women (n599) living with HIV-AIDS were randomly assigned to receive either (1) a five-session group intervention focused on strategies for practicing safer sexual behavior, or (2) a five-session, contact-matched, health-maintenance support group (standard-of-care comparison). Participants were followed for 6 months post-intervention. Results: The intervention to reduce risk of HIV transmission resulted in significantly less unpro-tected...
2 ADULT OBESITY IN PRIMARY CARE Acknowledgements
- Core Scholar; Sherry M. Adkins; Sherry M. Adkins
Part of the Community Health and Preventive Medicine Commons This Master's Culminating Experience is brought to you for free and open access by the Master of Public Health Program at CORE Scholar. It has been accepted for inclusion in Master of Public Health Program Student Publications by an authorized administrator of CORE Scholar. For more information, please contact
Los medios y los fines
- Linares, Luciana Mercedes
Como analizamos en el capítulo anterior, la irrupción de la eugenesia en la Argentina estuvo fuertemente vinculada al interés que despertaba ésta en un grupo de médicos, que en la década del 30´, contaban con prestigio en la corporación de profesionales de la salud. El proyecto de realizar una publicación con intenciones populares diseñada y redactada por especialistas en la salud, puede adjudicarse a médicos vinculados con la medicina preventiva y la preocupación por el mejoramiento racial , que habían mantenido contacto con los primeros eugenistas del mundo latino. Desde este marco, podemos decir que la revista “Viva Cien Años”...
Type 2 diabetes and health care costs in Latin America: exploring the need for greater preventive medicine
- Arredondo, Armando
A Highly Scalable Information System as Extendable Framework Solution for Medical R&D Projects
- Silke Holzmüller-laue A; Bernd Göde B; Regina Stoll C; Kerstin Thurow A
Abstract. For research projects in preventive medicine a flexible information management is needed that offers a free planning and documentation of project specific examinations. The system should allow a simple, preferably automated data acquisition from several distributed sources (e.g., mobile sensors, stationary diagnostic systems, questionnaires, manual inputs) as well as an effective data management, data use and analysis. An information system fulfilling these requirements has been developed at the Center for Life Science Automation (celisca). This system combines data of multiple investigations and multiple devices and displays them on a single screen. The integration of mobile sensor systems for comfortable,...
Estudio epidemiológico y factores pronóstico de la infección en artroplastias, durante un periodo de 6 años.
- Gázquez Gázquez, G.; Rodrigo Pérez, José Luis; Chuliá Carrasco, V.; Camarena Miñana, Juan José; Bautista Rentero, Daniel; González, R.; Morales Suárez-Varela, María Manuela
Through a system of epidemiological surveillance of infections is studied in our hospital the in
fection incidence in hip and knee replacement between 2007 and 2012. The results are compared with other
Spanish and European surveillance systems (HELICS
Program). In our hospital have taken
place a total of 3155 hip and knee replacements (hip and knee replacements because of osteoarthritis and, in case
of hip replacements, also for subcapital fractures) reporting a total of 66 infections, with infection rate of 2.09.
The predisposing factors studied were: diabetes mellitus, obesity, neoplasia, renal failure, rheumatoid arthritis
and taking steroids, so the first two factors were present in most...
Bridging Ayurveda with evidence-based scientific approaches in medicine
- Patwardhan, Bhushan
This article reviews contemporary approaches for bridging Ayurveda with evidence-based medicine. In doing so, the author presents a pragmatic assessment of quality, methodology and extent of scientific research in Ayurvedic medicine. The article discusses the meaning of evidence and indicates the need to adopt epistemologically sensitive methods and rigorous experimentation using modern science. The author critically analyzes the status of Ayurvedic medicine based on personal observations, peer interactions and published research. This review article concludes that traditional knowledge systems like Ayurveda and modern scientific evidence-based medicine should be integrated. The author advocates that Ayurvedic researchers should develop strategic collaborations with...
Report on the present state of knowledge concerning accessory food factors (vitamines) /
- Medical research committee.; Lister Institute of Preventive Medicine.
At head of title: National health insurance.
Illustrated taxonomic keys to genera and species of mosquito larvae of Korea.
- Lee, Kwan Woo.; Zorka, Thomas John,
1950-; United States.
Medical Command, 18th.
Preventive Medicine Unit, 5th.
Development of an Adenovirus-Based Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vaccine: Preclinical Evaluation of Efficacy, Immunogenicity, and Enhanced Disease in a Cotton Rat Model
- Kim, Eun; Okada, Kaori; Beeler, Judy A.; Crim, Roberta L.; Piedra, Pedro A.; Gilbert, Brian E.; Gambotto, Andrea
The lack of a vaccine against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a challenging and serious gap in preventive medicine. Herein, we characterize the immunogenicity of an adenovirus serotype 5-based RSV vaccine encoding the fusion (F) protein (Ad5.RSV-F) and the protection provided following immunization with Ad5.RSV-F and assess its potential for producing enhanced disease in a cotton rat (CR) model. Animals were immunized intranasally (i.n.) and/or intramuscularly (i.m.) and subsequently challenged with RSV/A/Tracy (i.n.) to assess protection. Robust immune responses were seen in CRs vaccinated with Ad5.RSV-F given i.m. or i.n., and these responses correlated with reduced replication of the virus...