Mustard Group Chemical War Agents from Preventive Medicine Perspective
- Muharrem Ucar; Hakan Yaren; Recai Ogur; Ahmet Korkmaz
Although many preventive efforts and treaties, chemical warfare agents have still been a severe assault form against both military and civilian individuals. The most important chemical warfare agents sulphur mustard and others are easy to handle and cheap those the important reasons to accept sulphur mustard as a chemical warfare agent. Many individuals attacked by sulphur mustard have severe health problems such as respiratory system diseases. After ten years of sulphur mustard exposure, several health problems such as respiratory tract problems (%42.5), eye problems (%40) and other systemic diseases have been observed to insist on induviduals when examined. Exposure of...
Serum calcium levels are not associated with coronary heart disease
- Jin Y; He L; Wang Q; Chen Y; Ren X; Tang H; Song X; Ding L; Qi Q; Huang Z; Yu J; Yao Y
Yuelong Jin,* Lianping He,* Quanhai Wang, Yan Chen, Xiaohua Ren, Hui Tang, Xiuli Song, Lingling Ding, Qin Qi, Zhiwei Huang, Jiegen Yu, Yingshui Yao Department of Preventive Medicine, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, People's Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Numerous studies have reported that low calcium intake is related to a higher prevalence of cardiovascular disease. However, the relationship between serum calcium and coronary heart disease is unclear. The purpose of this study was to compare serum calcium levels in patients with coronary heart disease and those in healthy individuals. Methods: This retrospective, case-control study...
Especialistas discuten la ciencia de la medicina preventiva en congreso universitario
Restoring dignity and respect to health care workers
- Nedić Olesja
Introduction. This year, the World Health Organization focuses on restoring dignity and respect to health care workers. The aim of this study was to investigate the workplace stressors in physicians. Material and Methods. The present study was performed in the period 2002-2004, among physicians treated in the Health Center Novi Sad. The examinees were asked to fill out a questionnaire - a workplace survey - to identify workplace stressors by using a self-evaluation method. The physicians were divided into three groups: those practicing surgery (S), internal medicine (IM) and preventive-diagnostics (PD). Statistical analysis was done using SPSS and STATISTICA software....
Medical Education in the Islamic Republic of Iran: Three Decades of Success
- F Azizi
"nMedical education has undergone vast reform following the Islamic Revolution in the last three decades, with remarkable qualitative and quantitative progress having been achieved following the establishment of the Ministry of Health and Medi­cal Education in 1985. There have been rises in the number of medical, dentistry and pharmacy schools from 7 to 36, 3 to 15 and 3 to 11, respectively, and in the numbers of student admissions in all programmes of medical sciences from 3630 to 6177 and teaching staff from 1573 to 13108, in the decades mentioned. The numbers of students in clinical subspecialty and PhD degrees...
Can we predict the health of teenagers 2 years in advance?: A preliminary study
- Nicolas Zdanowicz; Denis Jacques; Christine Reynaert
OBJECTIVE: A two year follow-up study of a cohort of adolescents on 9 health parameters. METHOD: 325 adolescents were enrolled in April 1999. In addition to answering a general social-demographic questionnaire, they answered Wallston's Multidimensional Locus of Control scale (MHLC) and Olson's questionnaire on family dynamics (FACES III). 10 health indicators were recorded : two analogical visual assessments (VAS) (general coping and feelings of well-being), their concern for their health on a five level Likert scale, Zung's Subjective Depression Scale, and having had to repeat a school year as an indirect indicator of self esteem. Two years later, the sample...
UN millennium development goals: Can we halt the stroke epidemic in India?
- Dalal Praful; Bhattacharjee Madhumita; Vairale Jaee; Bhat Priya
India will soon have to bear an enormous socioeconomic burden due to the costs of the rehabilitation of stroke survivors; this is because the population is now surviving through the peak years (age 55-65) for the occurrence of stroke or cerebrovascular accident (CVA). Community surveys from many regions show crude prevalence rates for stroke (presumed to be of vascular origin) in the range of 90-222 per 100,000 persons. In India, the major risk factors identified have been hypertension (>95 mm Hg diastolic), hyperglycemia, tobacco use, and low levels (< 10 gm%) of hemoglobin. The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study,...
REVIVIENDO LA CONSULTA POST-MORTEM
- Armando Cortés
Por estos días se inaugura el “Centro de consulta post-mortem del Hospital Universitario del Valle”, una denominación más apropiada para la autopsia «ver por sí mismo» o cualquiera de sus sinónimos necropsia, examen post-mortem, necroscopia, o tanatopsia; todos ellos no aceptados y condicionados por factores culturales, sociales o religiosos. Estos términos han alcanzado una connotación claramente negativa en el ambiente médico y en el público general. Quizás, el mejor término sea «consulta post-mortem», porque representa en verdad un examen médico después de la vida, cuyos objetivos son la búsqueda de las causas de la muerte, el análisis de la enfermedad...
Actividad antioxidante de compuestos aislados del residuo no-volátil del aceite esencial de naranja.
- Vargas-Arispuro, L.; Sanz, B. I.; Martínez-Téllez, M. A.; Primo-Yúfera, E.
There has been a growing interest in the food industry and in preventive medicine to search for «natural antioxidants». Therefore the objetive of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant activity of the non-volatile residue of essential orange oil in the oxidation of unrefined and freshly extracted olive oil. Essential orange oil was distilled to obtain a non-volatile residue and fracctionated on a Silica Gel 60 column. The antioxidant activity was determined by measuring peroxide value obtained after heating olive oil at 70 °C for 48 h. Six compounds were isolated and purified, four of these had antioxidant activity, α-tocopherol...
Uso de substâncias psicoativas entre estudantes de Medicina de Salvador (BA) Psychoactive substance use by medical students from Salvador (BA)
- Kleuber Moreira Lemos; Nedy Maria Branco Cerqueira Neves; André Yoichi Kuwano; Gustavo Tedesqui; Almir Galvão Vieira Bitencourt; Flávia Branco Cerqueira Serra Neves; Andréia Nunes Guimarães; Andrea Rebello; Fernanda Bacellar; Mônica Motta Lima
CONTEXTO: Estudos indicam que estudantes de Medicina, apesar do seu dedutível conhecimento sobre os efeitos das substâncias psicoativas, consomem-nas em proporção semelhante à dos jovens de mesma idade na população geral. OBJETIVO: Analisar o padrão local do consumo dessas substâncias entre graduandos de Medicina e contribuir na formulação de atividades preventivas. MÉTODOS: Aplicação de questionário semi-estruturado no qual foi avaliada a freqüência de uso das substâncias psicoativas entre os estudantes, assim como as principais razões apontadas para o consumo. Foram analisados 404 questionários obtidos entre alunos dos seis anos de curso das duas maiores escolas médicas de Salvador. RESULTADOS: As...
Barriers to adoption of recent technology in cervical screening
- Jhala Darshana; Eltoum Isam
The Pap smear is one of the modern success stories in the field of preventive medicine. Since its introduction as a screening test, there has been a dramatic reduction in the incidence of cervical cancer. However, the search for a better screening test continues. The new technologies, including liquid-based cytology (LBC), Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) testing and automated or machine-assisted screening have been introduced. However, there is continuous debate about whether society's limited resources are better spent on reaching the underserved rather than on these technologies. Another question is whether these technologies create yet another kind of disparity in...
In vitro human skin permeation of endoxifen: potential for local transdermal therapy for primary prevention and carcinoma in situ of the breast
- Lee O; Ivancic D; Chatterton RT Jr; Rademaker AW; Khan SA
Oukseub Lee1, David Ivancic1, Robert T Chatterton Jr2, Alfred W Rademaker3, Seema A Khan11Department of Surgery, 2Department of Obstetrics/Gynecology, 3Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USAPurpose: Oral tamoxifen, a triphenylethylene (TPE), is useful for breast cancer prevention, but its adverse effects limit acceptance by women. Tamoxifen efficacy is related to its major metabolites 4-hydroxytamoxifen (4-OHT) and N-desmethyl-4-hydroxytamoxifen (endoxifen [ENX]). Transdermal delivery of these to the breast may avert the toxicity of oral tamoxifen while maintaining efficacy. We evaluated the relative efficiency of skin permeation of 4-OHT and ENX in vitro, and tested oleic acid...
A Military Doctor Pioneer of the Preventive Medicine in Turkey: Colonel Dr. Huseyin Remzi Bey
- Dogan Ceyhan
One of the most important turning points in Turkish History of Medicine is the transfer of Western / European medical knowledge to Ottoman medicine in 19th century. This knowledge is mostly transferred by government employed Ottoman citizens and aimed at improving the health status of the Ottoman States elites, troops and people. Most important contributions of transferring and popularizing the concepts of microbe and vaccination to Ottoman medicine, concerning both disease and preventive medicine, were made by a military doctor, Colonel Dr. Huseyin Remzi Bey. He served in a large spectrum of military and civilian health services from field medicine...
FAMILY HISTORY OF DISEASE AS A RISK FACTOR OF ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
- Zoran Velickovic; Roberta Markovic; Branislav Petrovic; Mirko Ilic; Branislav Tiodorovc; Natasa Rancic; Zorana Deljanin
Myocardial infarction (MI) is a complex disease that begins with a lifelong interaction between genetics and environmental factors. The aim of the study was to identify family history as a risk factor of myocardial infarction in examined population in the Municipality of Nis.We used a case-control study with 100 patients with a first MI (in the period 1998-2000) and 100 controls, matched with respect to sex and age (± 2 years) from the Municipality of Nis.Data was obtained from the epidemiological questionnaire. The Yates c2 test, odds ratio-OR and their 99% interval of confident were used as statistical procedures.The results...
Avaliação da poluição sonora no parque Jardim Botânico de Curitiba, Paraná, Brasil
- Zannin Paulo Henrique Trombetta; Szeremetta Bani
Foi realizado um estudo da poluição sonora no parque Jardim Botânico de Curitiba. Efetuaram-se medições do nível sonoro equivalente Leq em dB(A), em 21 pontos espalhados dentro da área do parque, além de entrevistas com os freqüentadores do local. Constatou-se que 47,6% dos pontos de medição apresentaram níveis sonoros acima de Leq = 65dB(A), considerado pela medicina preventiva como o nível máximo a que um cidadão pode se expor sem riscos à saúde, e 90,5% dos pontos avaliados não satisfizeram à Lei Municipal nº 8.583, que fixa o limite de 55dB(A) como nível máximo de emissões sonoras em áreas verdes....
Hemagglutinin-based polyanhydride nanovaccines against H5N1 influenza elicit protective virus neutralizing titers and cell-mediated immunity
- Ross KA; Loyd H; Wu W; Huntimer L; Ahmed S; Sambol A; Broderick S; Flickinger Z; Rajan K; Bronich T; Mallapragada S; Wannemuehler MJ; Carpenter S; Narasimhan B
Kathleen A Ross,1 Hyelee Loyd,2 Wuwei Wu,2 Lucas Huntimer,3 Shaheen Ahmed,4 Anthony Sambol,5 Scott Broderick,6 Zachary Flickinger,2 Krishna Rajan,6 Tatiana Bronich,4 Surya Mallapragada,1 Michael J Wannemuehler,3 Susan Carpenter,2 Balaji Narasimhan1 1Chemical and Biological Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA; 2Animal Science, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA; 3Veterinary Microbiology and Preventive Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA; 4Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA; 5Pathology and Microbiology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA; 6Materials Science and Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA Abstract: H5N1 avian influenza is a significant global concern with...
Clinical development of liposome based drugs: formulation, characterization, and therapeutic efficacy
- Chang HI; Yeh MK
Hsin-I Chang1, Ming-Kung Yeh21Department of Biochemical Science and Technology, National Chia Yi University, Chiayi City, 2Institute of Preventive Medicine, National Defence Medical Center, Sanhsia, Taipei, TaiwanAbstract: Research on liposome formulations has progressed from that on conventional vesicles to new generation liposomes, such as cationic liposomes, temperature sensitive liposomes, and virosomes, by modulating the formulation techniques and lipid composition. Many research papers focus on the correlation of blood circulation time and drug accumulation in target tissues with physicochemical properties of liposomal formulations, including particle size, membrane lamellarity, surface charge, permeability, encapsulation volume, shelf time, and release rate. This review is mainly...
Privacy protection for patients with substance use problems
- Hu LL; Sparenborg S; Tai B
Lianne Lian Hu1, Steven Sparenborg2, Betty Tai21Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 2Center for the Clinical Trials Network, National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MDAbstract: Many Americans with substance use problems will have opportunities to receive coordinated health care through the integration of primary care and specialty care for substance use disorders under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010. Sharing of patient health records among care providers is essential to realize the benefits of electronic health records. Health information exchange through meaningful use of electronic health...
La medicina preventiva en la atención primaria de salud Preventive medicine in the primary attention of health
- Ariel Alejandro García Pérez; Francisco García Bertrand
Introducción: Se definieron cuatro tipos de prevención en la Medicina: primaria, secundaria, terciaria y cuaternaria. Objetivo: Consiste en divulgar aspectos fundamentales que determinan la Medicina Preventiva, para que con el cumplimiento de las acciones de salud que los caracterizan, se obtengan mejores resultados para la salud de la población. Método: Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica con el primordial principio de calidad y rigor científico, fuentes de expertos nacionales e internacionales fueron utilizadas y se aseguró que son aplicables y generalizables en la Atención Primaria de salud. Desarrollo de Temáticas: Se definen los conceptos de promoción, educación y prevención de la...
Maternal stress and childhood migraine: a new perspective on management
- Esposito M; Gallai B; Parisi L; Roccella M; Marotta R; Lavano SM; Gritti A; Mazzotta G; Carotenuto M
Maria Esposito,1 Beatrice Gallai,2 Lucia Parisi,3 Michele Roccella,3 Rosa Marotta,4 Serena Marianna Lavano,4 Antonella Gritti,5 Giovanni Mazzotta,6 Marco Carotenuto11Center for Childhood Headache, Clinic of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Department of Mental Health, Physical, and Preventive Medicine, Second University of Naples, Naples, 2Unit of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, University of Perugia, Perugia, 3Child Neuropsychiatry, Department of Psychology, University of Palermo, Palermo, 4Department of Psychiatry, "Magna Graecia" University of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, 5Suor Orsola Benincasa University, Naples, 6Unit of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Azienda Sanitaria Locale 4, Terni, ItalyBackground: Migraine without aura is a primary headache which is frequent and disabling in the...