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Nomenclatura Unesco > (32) Ciencias Médicas > (3210) Medicina preventiva

Mostrando recursos 141 - 160 de 3,625

141. $rec.titulo
The concept of analytical and diagnostic “metabolomics” originated as “metabolic profiling ” in the 1970s. Largely ignored by the $100 billion commercial clinical laboratory industry and the medical monopoly that it serves, this discipline can now be brought to fruition, as a result of miniaturization of analytical devices, advances in personal computer technology, and development of the Internet. With these tools, metabolic profiling, as well as on-person monitoring, medical imaging, and other powerful diagnostic tools, can be placed in the hands of consumers, who will then be able to control the quality of the information and medical care that they...

142. 1Injury Prevention Research Unit, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine,Conclusion: Our study, comparing recovery outcomes fornon-work-related injury in a universal injury compensation system? Findings from the New Zealand Prospective Outcomes of I - Rebbecca Lilley; Gabrielle Davie; John Langley; Shanthi Ameratunga; Sarah Derrett
outcomes differ between work and entitlement injury compensation scheme, found mixed support for the hypothesis tested. After adjustment for possible Lilley et al. BMC Public Health 2013, 13:995

143. Menu Labeling Regulations and Calories Purchased at Chain Restaurants - James W. Krieger; Nadine L. Chan Phd; Brian E. Saelens
Background: The federal menu labeling law will require chain restaurants to post caloric information on menus, but the impact of labeling is uncertain. Purpose: The goal of the current study was to examine the effect of menu labeling on calories purchased, and secondarily, to assess self-reported awareness and use of labels. Design: Single-community pre–post–post cross-sectional study. Data were collected in 2008–2010 and analyzed in 2011–2012. Setting/participants: 50 sites from 10 chain restaurants in King County, Washington, selected through stratified, two-stage cluster random sampling. A total of 7325 customers participated. Eligibility criteria were: being an English speaker, aged Z14 years, and...

144. Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

145. Systems Biology and P4 Medicine: Past, Present, and Future - Leroy Hood
Studying complex biological systems in a holistic rather than a “one gene or one protein” at a time approach requires the concerted effort of scientists from a wide variety of disciplines. The Institute for Systems Biology (ISB) has seamlessly integrated these disparate fields to create a cross-disciplinary platform and culture in which “biology drives technology drives computation.” To achieve this platform/culture, it has been necessary for cross-disciplinary ISB scientists to learn one another’s languages and work together effectively in teams. The focus of this “systems” approach on disease has led to a discipline denoted systems medicine. The advent of technological...

146. Genomics is changing personal healthcare and medicine: the dawn of iPH (individualized preventive healthcare) - Mehrian-Shai, Ruty; Reichardt, Juergen K. V.
This opinion piece focuses on the convergence of information technology (IT) in the form of personal monitors, especially smart phones and possibly also smart watches, individual genomic information and preventive healthcare and medicine. This may benefit each one of us not only individually but also society as a whole through iPH (individualized preventive healthcare). This shift driven by genomic and other technologies may well also change the relationship between patient and physician by empowering the former but giving him/her also much more individual responsibility.

147. The efficacy and safety of triple inhaled treatment in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis using Bayesian methods - Kwak MS; Kim E; Jang EJ; Kim HJ; Lee CH
Min-Sun Kwak,1 Eunyoung Kim,2 Eun Jin Jang,3 Hyun Jung Kim,4 Chang-Hoon Lee5 1Department of Internal Medicine, Healthcare Research Institute, Healthcare System Gangnam Center, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 2Department of Statistics, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea; 3Department of Information Statistics, Andong National University, Andong, Republic of Korea; 4Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 5Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea Purpose: Although tiotropium (TIO) and inhaled corticosteroid (ICS)/long-acting β-agonists are...

148. Altruïstisch ambtenaar of heroïsch genie? Het gepropageerde beeld van provinciale en academische directeurs van bacteriologische laboratoria in België (ca. 1900-1940) - Sofie Onghena

Altruistic public servant or heroic genius? The propagated image of provincial and academic directors of bacteriological laboratories in Belgium (ca. 1900-1940)


At the end of the nineteenth century provincial bacteriological institutes were established in Belgium – in Liège, Mons, Namur and Brussels – in order to combat epidemics, to promote preventive medicine and to pursue the successful research of Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch. Similar laboratories existed at the universities of Ghent, Louvain and Brussels. The image building played an important role for both kinds of institutes, as bacteriology in pioneering phase had to be...

149. Who takes the medicine? Adherence to antiretroviral therapy in Southern Ethiopia - Teshome W; Belayneh M; Moges M; Endriyas M; Mekonnen E; Ayele S; Misganaw T; Shiferaw M; Chinnakali P; Hinderaker SG; Kumar AMV
Wondu Teshome,1 Mihretu Belayneh,1 Mathewos Moges,1 Misganu Endriyas,2 Emebet Mekonnen,2 Sinafiksh Ayele,2 Tebeje Misganaw,2 Mekonnen Shiferaw,2 Palanivel Chinnakali,3 Sven Gudmund Hinderaker,4 Ajay MV Kumar5 1School of Public and Environmental Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia; 2Research Technology Transfer Process Unit, SNNP Regional Health Bureau, Hawassa, Ethiopia; 3Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Post-graduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India; 4Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; 5The International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, South-East Asia Regional Office, New Delhi, India Background: Treatment adherence is critical for the success of...

150. Quarter of a century in the looking for optimal ways to prevent noninfectious diseases and new tasks for the future (to the 25th anniversary of the State research center for preventive medicine founding) - S.A. Boytcov; R.G. Oganov

151. General Report & Recommendations in Predictive, Preventive and Personalised Medicine 2012: White Paper of the European Association of Predictive, Preventive and Personalised Medicine - Golubnitschaja Olga; Costigliola Vincenzo

Abstract

This report is the collective product of word-leading experts working in the branches of integrative medicine by predictive, preventive and personalised medicine (PPPM) under the coordination of the European Association for Predictive, Preventive and Personalised Medicine. The general report has been prepared as the consortium document proposed at the EPMA World Congress 2011 which took place in Bonn, Germany. This forum analyzed the overall deficits and trends relevant for the top-science and daily practice in PPPM focused on the patient. Follow-up consultations resulted in a package of recommendations for consideration by research units, educators, healthcare industry, policy-makers, and funding...

152. General Report & Recommendations in Predictive, Preventive and Personalised Medicine 2012: White Paper of the European Association of Predictive, Preventive and Personalised Medicine - Golubnitschaja Olga; Costigliola Vincenzo

Abstract

This report is the collective product of word-leading experts working in the branches of integrative medicine by predictive, preventive and personalised medicine (PPPM) under the coordination of the European Association for Predictive, Preventive and Personalised Medicine. The general report has been prepared as the consortium document proposed at the EPMA World Congress 2011 which took place in Bonn, Germany. This forum analyzed the overall deficits and trends relevant for the top-science and daily practice in PPPM focused on the patient. Follow-up consultations resulted in a package of recommendations for consideration by research units, educators, healthcare industry, policy-makers, and funding...

153. A histological evaluation and in vivo assessment of intratumoral near infrared photothermal nanotherapy-induced tumor regression - Green HN; Crockett SD; Martyshkin DV; Singh KP; Grizzle WE; Rosenthal EL; Mirov SB
Hadiyah N Green,1,2 Stephanie D Crockett,3 Dmitry V Martyshkin,1 Karan P Singh,2,4 William E Grizzle,2,5 Eben L Rosenthal,2,6 Sergey B Mirov11Department of Physics, Center for Optical Sensors and Spectroscopies, 2Comprehensive Cancer Center, 3Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, 4Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive Medicine, Biostatistics and Bioinformatics Shared Facility, 5Department of Pathology, 6Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USAPurpose: Nanoparticle (NP)-enabled near infrared (NIR) photothermal therapy has realized limited success in in vivo studies as a potential localized cancer therapy. This is primarily due to a lack...

154. A histological evaluation and in vivo assessment of intratumoral near infrared photothermal nanotherapy-induced tumor regression - Green HN; Crockett SD; Martyshkin DV; Singh KP; Grizzle WE; Rosenthal EL; Mirov SB
Hadiyah N Green,1,2 Stephanie D Crockett,3 Dmitry V Martyshkin,1 Karan P Singh,2,4 William E Grizzle,2,5 Eben L Rosenthal,2,6 Sergey B Mirov11Department of Physics, Center for Optical Sensors and Spectroscopies, 2Comprehensive Cancer Center, 3Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, 4Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive Medicine, Biostatistics and Bioinformatics Shared Facility, 5Department of Pathology, 6Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USAPurpose: Nanoparticle (NP)-enabled near infrared (NIR) photothermal therapy has realized limited success in in vivo studies as a potential localized cancer therapy. This is primarily due to a lack...

155. Preventive & Social Medicine At Crossroads - Ko Ko U

156. Preventive & Social Medicine At Crossroads - Ko Ko U

157. The diagnostic yield of the first episode of a periodic health evaluation: a descriptive epidemiology study - Kermott Cindy A; Kuhle Carol S; Faubion Stephanie S; Johnson Ruth E; Hensrud Donald D; Murad Mohammad

Abstract

Background

The benefits of a periodic health evaluation remain debatable. The incremental value added by such evaluations beyond the delivery of age appropriate screening and preventive medicine recommendations is unclear.

Methods

We retrospectively collected data on a cohort of consecutive patients presenting for their first episode of a comprehensive periodic health evaluation. We abstracted data on new diagnoses that were identified during this single episode of care and that were not trivial (i.e., required additional testing or intervention).

Results

The cohort consisted of 491 patients. The rate of new diagnoses per this single episode of care was 0.9 diagnoses...

158. The diagnostic yield of the first episode of a periodic health evaluation: a descriptive epidemiology study - Kermott Cindy A; Kuhle Carol S; Faubion Stephanie S; Johnson Ruth E; Hensrud Donald D; Murad Mohammad

Abstract

Background

The benefits of a periodic health evaluation remain debatable. The incremental value added by such evaluations beyond the delivery of age appropriate screening and preventive medicine recommendations is unclear.

Methods

We retrospectively collected data on a cohort of consecutive patients presenting for their first episode of a comprehensive periodic health evaluation. We abstracted data on new diagnoses that were identified during this single episode of care and that were not trivial (i.e., required additional testing or intervention).

Results

The cohort consisted of 491 patients. The rate of new diagnoses per this single episode of care was 0.9 diagnoses...

159. Nutritional condition of school age children. Clinic, anthropo-medical and alimentary assessment Estado nutricional en niños escolares. Valoración clínica, antropométrica y alimentaria - José Danilo Pacheco; Mariela Dorta Figueredo; Carmen Emilia Guerra Cabrera; Odalys Quintero Rodríguez; Jesús Vila Díaz; Alina Esther González Hermida
<strong>Background:</strong> the study of children´s growth in an appropriate indicator of children health condition and should be used as one of the basis in the practice of preventive medicine. <strong>Objective:</strong> to determine the nutritional al condition of children of third and sixth grade of elementary schools of Health Area V of Cienfuegos Municipality. <strong>Methods:</strong> descriptive, observational, cross-sectional and relational study of 445 school age children from 4 elementary schools. A clinic assessment was carried out along with an anthropo-medical evaluation. A qualitative survey was developed to assess the frequency of consumption of different alimentary groups. <strong>Results:</strong> the relation weight/height in...

160. Nutritional condition of school age children. Clinic, anthropo-medical and alimentary assessment Estado nutricional en niños escolares. Valoración clínica, antropométrica y alimentaria - José Danilo Pacheco; Mariela Dorta Figueredo; Carmen Emilia Guerra Cabrera; Odalys Quintero Rodríguez; Jesús Vila Díaz; Alina Esther González Hermida
<strong>Background:</strong> the study of children´s growth in an appropriate indicator of children health condition and should be used as one of the basis in the practice of preventive medicine. <strong>Objective:</strong> to determine the nutritional al condition of children of third and sixth grade of elementary schools of Health Area V of Cienfuegos Municipality. <strong>Methods:</strong> descriptive, observational, cross-sectional and relational study of 445 school age children from 4 elementary schools. A clinic assessment was carried out along with an anthropo-medical evaluation. A qualitative survey was developed to assess the frequency of consumption of different alimentary groups. <strong>Results:</strong> the relation weight/height in...

 

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