O ensino do projecto de Arquitectura
Contribuições para um debate crítico em torno da prática contemporânea
- Marco Ginoulhiac
The Thesis is based on the assumption that if it is really true that daily didactic routines that support the design studio teaching have been kept identical from the very beginning, dating from 15th century, it is also true that the actual intellectual context that feeds and legitimizes them have changed radically their task paradigms.
Having as background this theoretical profile, maintained decidedly transient until its progressive legitimization, the thesis proceeds towards a conceptual characterization of ideas on design studio teaching. Having these issues as aim, it is defensible a constructivist positioning fed historically by the conceptual galaxy turning around another...
Biomechanical and neurophysiological mechanisms related to postural control and efficiency of movement: a review
- Andreia S. P. Sousa; Augusta Silva; João Manuel R. S. Tavares
Understanding postural control requires considering various mechanisms underlying a person´s ability to stand, to walk and to interact with the environment safely and efficiently. The purpose of this paper is to summarise the functional relation between biomechanical and neurophysiological perspectives related to postural control in both standing and walking based on movement efficiency. Evidence related to the biomechanical and neurophysiological mechanisms is explored as well as the role of proprioceptive input on postural and movement control.
A intervenção em Edifícios Antigos e a Actualidade das Teorias do Património
- Rui Fernandes Póvoas; Joaquim Teixeira
A classe de salvaguarda correspondente aos "conjuntos" tende a revelar-se insuficiente, porquanto no seu grau de generalização, centrado nas volumetrias, nos alçados e noutros aspectos de morfologia urbana, negligencia-se o elevado valor de muitos dos edifícios correntes, e anónimos, que compõem estes conjuntos, como é o caso das casas burguesas do Porto. Conscientes da impossibilidade de mover os meios e os recursos necessários, na fase de projecto, a uma adequada protecção e valorização deste património, tem-se desenvolvido uma investigação para a concepção de uma metodologia que vise agilizar o processo de intervenção. Em traços gerais, a metodologia, que assenta em...
Parametric design as a technique of convergence
- Marta Malé-Alemany; José Pedro Sousa
Coopératives d'habitation économique (CHE) au Portugal. De la participation aux expériences de vie
- Marta Cruz
Another way of dwelling: the portuguese experience on cooperative economic housing
- Marta Cruz
Tese de Doutoramento "O Projecto e o Modos de Habitar"
- LACERDA LOPES, Carlos Nuno
Effects of thermal environment on cognitive response in sedentary activities. A
- Emília Quelhas Da Costa; João Santos Baptista; Miguel Tato Diogo
The study about the influence of the thermal environment on cognitive response is fundamental to understanding better
the connection between the basic variables and cognitive performance. This also helps the better understanding of safety
situation, guidance and decision-making, especially to avoid critical situations. The main objective of this work is to
relate the physiological with cognitive response, trying to find exposure limits covering both occupational settings and
social environments in high temperatures. For this purpose, was used a systematic cross-linked search, relating several
key words and search phrases in different electronic data bases with different criteria. According to the survey results, it`s
clear the importance of...
Grid-based design in Roman villas: a method of analysis
- Eliana Pinho; João Pedro Xavier
The perceivable regularity of some Roman villas can be understood in the context of a grid-based design. In this paper we try to clarify the requirements under which we may consider that a villa has an outline based on a grid and we quantify the accuracy of the correspondence between a villa's plan and a given grid. We follow this approach with some Roman villas in Portugal and use the grids as a tool for the analysis and the reconstruction of their plans.
Occupational Exposure to Dust in Open Pit Mining. A Short Review.
- Maria Matos; João Santos Baptista; Miguel Tato Diogo
A literature review concerning the scientific knowledge of all the key factors related to respirable crystalline silica dust
exposure was conducted and a chronological evolution of the state-of-the-art knowledge that can respond to questions
raised by the development of the work done in quarries and opencast mines is presented, based on bibliographic research.
Findings assert that exposure to silica dust is the most frequent and dangerous hazard in open pit mining. Some aspects
meet consensus amid authors: tasks and work equipment, areas surrounding the quarry, methods of sampling,
relationship between the amount collected and the legal limits set (TLV) in each country. "Good practice" preventive
Managing Access Rights for the Repositories of U.Porto
- Cristina Ribeiro; Maria Eugénia Matos Fernandes
Digital repositories are replacing traditional archives, and their functions largely exceed those of their ancestors. In a higher education institution, where
multiple activities take place motivated by its teaching, research, community engagement and cultural missions, repositories may become endowed with a
spectrum of functionalities that range from the support for teaching resources, the registry of academic publication, the management of research data, the
preservation of heritage materials and the dissemination of timely news.
In this paper we are looking at the repository structure of U.Porto from the point of view of access rights and access restrictions. The experience at U.Porto
has shown that an institutional...
A Rua de Sá da Bandeira no Porto. Topologia(s) do habitar colectivo
- Gisela Lameira
The aim of this research is to show the transformations of a specific urban area, the Sá da Bandeira’s Street in Oporto. The study includes all the new collective housing buildings, built by privates. In this way, the analytical methodologies were divided in a second reading of the available information about this street at the "archive" and in a "topological approach" to the building plans.
Regarding the two dimensions of urban construction referred – "street" and "collective housing", Sá da Bandeira’s Street became a "laboratory".
While urban part, its specificity is greatly due to a long consolidation period, crossed by territory metamor¬phosis,...
Repositório de dados na U.Porto: um fluxo de curadoria suportado numa extensão do DSPACE
- Cristina Ribeiro; João Correia Lopes; João Rocha da Silva; Maria Eugénia Matos Fernandes
É reconhecida a complexidade dos processos de produção de dados de investigação, e o interesse de os armazenar e descrever para que possam ser preservados e eventualmente reutilizados. Na Universidade do Porto, que gera uma parte significativa da produção científica nacional, este problema começa a ser tratado considerando tanto a experiência na comunidade internacional como as necessidades concretas dos investigadores. Com base numa iniciativa de auditoria de dados que lidou com uma amostra de grupos de investigação em vários domínios, foi proposto um fluxo de curadoria e produzido um protótipo de repositório para o suportar. O protótipo pretende responder a...
Sebentas de História da Arquitectura Moderna: um projecto de ensino de História de Arquitectura
- José Miguel Rodrigues
In 2003, Domingos Tavares has begun a new publishing project entitled "Sebentas" of History of Modern Architecture. As explained in the plan of its published work, these "sebentas" (notes taken from lectures and then typed in the form of a book for university students), in a monographic way, "reflects the transcription of the contents of the lectures of FAUP’s History of Modern Architecture regarding the classical circle of the European architecture. Through its attainment a new label emerged – Dafne – with a widely recognized work published in the realm of architecture. Today it seems unquestionable that the "Sebentas" of...
Occupational Safety and Hygiene - SHO 2012
Activation timing of soleus and tibialis anterior muscles during sit-to-stand and stand-to-sit in post-stroke vs. healthy subjects
- Augusta Silva; Andreia S. P. Sousa; Rita Pinheiro; Joana Ferraz; João Manuel R. S. Tavares; Rubim Santos; Filipa Sousa
Introduction. Sit-to-stand (SitTS) and stand-to-sit (StandTS) are very important functional tasks that become compromised in stroke patients. As in other voluntary movements, they require an adequate postural control (PC) involving the generation of anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs). In order to give clues for more efficient and directed rehabilitation programs, a deeper knowledge about APAs during challenging and daily life movements is essential.
Purpose. To analyze the activation timing of tibialis anterior (TA) and soleus (SOL) muscles during SitTS and StandTS in healthy subjects and in post-stroke patients.
Methods. Two groups participated in this study: one composed of ten healthy subjects and the...
Construir a casa. Elementos exploratórios para a compreensão dos conteúdos, do contexto e do processo de concepção arquitectónica da habitação unifamiliar
- Marta Cruz
The client, a future inhabitant, demands the architect for the designing of his single family house. Searching for a specific space that matches the client’s own lifestyle, they both conceive the house that becomes a factor of social and spatial differentiation.
Here we are interested in comprehending the processes that involve the production of the house, being it the interpersonal relations between the actors, the social and cultural contexts and the procedures of an architectural conception
Dinâmicas Urbanas e propriedade horizontal: Eixo da Boavista
- Clara Pimenta do Vale
Distinção entre incidências numa mamografia
- Rita Filipa S. Teixeira; João Manuel R. S. Tavares
O cancro de mama é o mais comum nas mulheres sendo a segunda principal causa de morte por cancro entre as mesmas. A mamografia tem mostrado ser uma ferramenta eficaz na deteção do cancro da mama em fases precoces e consequentemente mais facilmente tratável, continuando assim a ser a principal modalidade de imagiologia usada para o diagnosticar. O diagnóstico assistido por computador (CAD) tem sido visto como primordial para a deteção
precoce de regiões suspeitas em mamogramas permitindo, assim, reduzir as taxas de morte. Este artigo consiste na utilização das características de imagens mamográficas por um algoritmo computacional capaz de fazer...
Analysis of cyclic and long-term effects in continuous precast railway bridge decks
- Carlos Sousa