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Nomenclatura Unesco > (51) Antropología
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Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 13,793

1. De la materia a la palabra: la interrelación entre la antropología y la traducción en la producción de José María Arguedas - Cunha, Roseli Barros
J.M. Arguedas collected legends and myths from Inca culture and translated some of these texts for Spanish. Moreover, in his literary production inserted in various ways the information collected and resorted to some translation strategies in order to lead his reader with the knowledge of the worldview of a transculturated culture. I will verify some of his works and essays anthropological how that intersection occurs between anthropology, translation, oral and written literature as ways to approach the other's culture. The Peruvian author in his latest novel, El zorro de arriba y el zorro de abajo, says that when he found...

2. O duplo cego da antropologia - Segata, Jean
The objective of this work is to explore the discussions begun in the Vienna Circle with what was called the “linguistic turn” toward anthropological work. The study opens into two levels of inquiry about the place of translation, which can be summarized in two questions: based on the categories available in anthropology, how can ‘the other’ be described? Put differently, although the ‘other’ has a language, we need our own language to say anything about it - i.e., the process of description is itself already a translation process. The second level refers to the nature of the dialogue between anthropologists...

3. Relaciones entre conducta y evolución cultural: construcción de nicho - Pérez Manrique, Tiberio; Bautista, Nydia; Forero, Paula; García Marulanda, Mauricio; Laverde Rodríguez, Mayra Alcira; Álvarez, Gustavo
Las ciencias de la conducta comprenden diferentes disciplinas tales como la biología, la antropología, la economía, la psicología y las ciencias políticas. Sin embargo, para abordar sus problemáticas, cada una de ellas apela a un modelo teórico distinto, algunos incompatibles entre sí. Superar este estado de cosas es una necesidad urgente ara estas ciencias, si se quiere tener entre ellas una relación científicamente más productiva. Actualmente, los desarrollos conceptuales y empíricos, representan una oportunidad para su redefinición conceptual teniendo como marco de referencia y la teoría de la evolución, como una lógica explicativa aplicable a las ciencias de la conducta....

4. JASs Reports Journal of Anthropological Sciences - Emiliano Bruner; Nathan Jeffery
Vol. 85 (2007), pp. 125-137 the JASs is published by the Istituto Italiano di Antropologia Extracting functional, phylogenetic and structural data from the subcortical brain: an exploratory geometric morphometric survey

5. the JASs is published by the Istituto Italiano di Antropologia The taxonomic diversity of the Colobinae of Africa - Colin P. Groves; Subfamilies Cercopithecinae; Colobinae Th E
Summary- Th e colobine monkeys of Africa are much more diverse than is often realized; in the case of Red Colobus (genus Piliocolobus), this is because the species replace each other geographically, and there is even some interbreeding where their ranges meet. It is not possible to make a modern taxonomic revision of Black-and-white Colobus (genus Colobus), in the absence of a thorough modern study to determine consistency of the diff erences between the taxa deemed to be subspecies of the two polytypic species, C. angolensis and C. guereza. Red Colobus, in particular, are by their behaviour extremely vulnerable, and...

6. Fenomenología de la fe y antropología en Edith Stein: En miras de una pedagogía empática - Céspedes Solís, Pablo
This paper addresses the philosophical and historical contexts of early twentieth-century Europe, particularly Germany, in order to better understand the life, work and thought of Edith Stein (Saint Teresa Benedicta of the Cross).  A primary analysis of Stein’s work in philosophical anthropology and the phenomenology of faith and pedagogy will be presented, followed by a reflection on her possible contribution to Latin American social science and literature.

7. Metamorfosis del paisaje almeriense. Antropología e historia de una alteración - Ibáñez de Miguel, José Andrés
Within a historical and environmental perspective, market values imposed from state power or distant centers of power, have fiercely altered the Mediterranean landscape and Almería in particular. With the extraction of raw materials for processing industries and the gradual clearing of forests, an intense process of desertification Anthropic occurs. Interviews our fieldwork shows that agricultural practices on highs and middle Mountain, maintain a conflict over access to natural resources within a limiting process mechanisms for purchase.

8. Antropologia de la memoria: De la represión al genocidio - Korstanje, Maximiliano Emanuel
The Latino-American experiences during 60/70s decades have been bloody, and fraught with violence. This essay-review, explores the discursive roots of violence through the critique of two major works; one of them, recently published and authored by Daniel Feierstein as El Genocidio como Practica social. The second one signals to Violencia de Texto, Violencia de Contexto on the hand of Freddy Timmermann. Alternating the strengths of one with weakness of the other, and vice-versa, we provide with a new conceptual framework not only to understand the politics, but also the “archetype of forced-disappeared”.

9. Discursos y prácticas racistas en la administración española. Una aproximación desde la antropología - Méndez, Juan R.
Through the ethnography performed, the text reflects on issues of racism and discrimination practiced by the Spanish public administration, and that the official discourse of XXI century states seem to overcome (or relegated to countries “undemocratic” and “backward”), showing how they never actually disappeared but remain linked in the most underlying ideological structures of nation states. Questions such as identity, belonging, tradition, citizenship... serve to create and legitimize physical and mental borders built around alterity, while hiding much of the reality that a migrant have to pass through in the Spanish state. Information barely reaches or matters to most of the “citizens” who walk among ghosts unwary,...

10. La imagen colonial: Colonialismo, etnocentrismo y dominación cultural en Asia - Mejías López, Jesús
This article attempts to establish a first approach to productions shooting in Japan and China during the nineteenth century. The analysis of the cultural logic underlying those photographs to understand some of these key visuals. The main characteristic of the colonial ideology imposed by the dominant Western patterns found in photography a tremendously effective means of expression. The ultimate goal of this paper is precisely to reveal these principles through comparative analysis of Chinese and Japanese pictures of the time.

11. ¿Tribu rasta en la Habana? - García Ramos, Marialina
The text offers an approach to the emergence of a Rastafarian discourse in Havana as one of the identity phenomena bursting today in Cuban society. From a perspective adopting the concept of urban tribes when approaching this group, the point of departure is to be found in the inter/cross-cultural contacts when confronting an imaginary deriving from the processes of de-territorialization involved in the configuration of transnational communities resulting from dialogue scenarios emerging from the market, the cultural industries, and other globalization agencies. The analysis is approached from a systemic focus which evaluates the relationship existing between the emergence of this conglomerate and the changing events in the...

12. El acontecimiento democrático. Humor, estrategia y estética de la indignación - Fernández de Rota, Antón
The aim of this paper is to discuss the “15-M” or the “indignados” movement as an event, a singular political event, but also a machine made to generate future events. Thus, I will analyze the aesthetics of outrage, its strategy of democratic overidentification and how they have taken advantage of the use of humor, and, in particular, a certain humorous parody style (stiob), theorized by anthropologists Yurchak and Boyer. From the results of this analysis, I will move to discuss how the indignados have reopened the old “democratic issue” at the same time they rose up, against to the sad passions cultivated on stage of the...

13. El “Estigma de Eva” en la leyenda mexicana La Llorona. Su representación cinematográfica - González Manrique, Manuel Jesús
The violence of women is very common in universal stories, myths and legends. One of the common myths mostly located in Mexico is the Llorona. This legend has been reinterpreted in film in various ways, versions serving and tastes of every kind historiographical and popular opinion. In this paper, we discuss three film versions of La Llorona, La Llorona (Peón, 1933), La Llorona (Cardona, 1960) y La maldición de la Llorona (Becerra, 1963) placing them both in the anthropological, social and historical, to see the various ways to show female violence and condemnation of women to the fact of the murder of their children.

14. Estudiar la ciencia, pensar la antropología - Blois, María Paula
The concern about the role of anthropology has promoted my interest in studying contemporary science. But anthropological research of this object in turn forwards to the reflection on the place of anthropology in today’s world. This article then begins with a review of the proposals on the anthropology of the contemporary world of Gérard Althabe and Marc Augé. After presents ongoing research aimed at examining the processes of production, appropriation and use of scientific knowledge on the part of various actors in the Argentine context. This presentation gives an account of the variety of dimensions and characteristics of science and the modern world in this particular scenario....

15. Mineras. Trabajar y habitar en las minas: Un análisis desde la antropología del trabajar, la producción social del hábitat y la perspectiva crítica de género - Soraire, Forencia; Barrionuevo, Laura; Bard Wigdor, Gabriela
The extraction and export of non-renewable natural resources are central to the politics of development in contemporary Argentina. Historically, men have dominated the respective industries. In recent years, however, the growth of the mining industry and the opening of the first surface mine have contributed to a growing participation of women in the workforce. We address this issue through a number of related perspectives: the anthropology of work, the social production of the habitat, and critical gender research. On this base, we explore the case of the mine La Alumbrera in Catamarca province. More specifically, the proposed paper considers the situation of women in mining: How do...

16. La Flor de Maig somos nosotros. Geografía urbana de la memoria en Poblenou, Barcelona. - Mansilla López, José Antonio
Desde hace un par de décadas, los estudios relacionados con la memoria, o las memorias, han alcanzado una gran relevancia en el mundo académico. Disciplinas como la geografía y la antropología ofrecen un excelente punto de partida desde el que estudiar fenómenos sociales vinculados a la memoria urbana. La okupación de la antigua sede de una cooperativa de consumo del siglo XIX, la Flor de Maig, se presenta como una ocasión única para entender las relaciones entre memoria y control del espacio. El edificio, con una larga historia de vinculación al barrio del Poblenou, Barcelona, se erige en símbolo de lucha vecinal frente a una determinada...

17. La reutilización de la cultura en las políticas públicas : diferentes valoraciones, significaciones y usos sociales de los denominados bienes del patrimonio cultural : el caso de la Comarca de la Vera, (Cáceres) - Buytrago Valencia, Clara Patricia

18. © British Ornithologists ’ Club 2006 - Harold F. Greeney; Tony Nunnery; Bull B. O. C; Santiago Claramunt; Gabriel Rocha; Joaquín Aldabe
hypochroma occur seasonally over much of south-central South America in marshes, flooded grasslands and savanna-like habitats (Ridgely & Tudor 1989, Silva 1999). Whereas S. hypoxantha is considered the commonest small seedeater in the region (Ridgely & Tudor 1989), S. hypochroma is poorly known and currently treated as globally Near Threatened (BirdLife International 2004). Females and juveniles of both species are indistinguishable, and males are very similar, differing only in the intensity of the rufous coloration on the underparts and rump (Short 1969, Ridgely & Tudor 1989). S. hypochroma has not previously been reported in Uruguay, where S. hypoxantha is an...

19. Some Historic Notes and Observations on - Isla Cancún; Quintana Roo; Anthony P. Andrews
The island of Cancún (see Figure 1, below) was known as "Nizuc " in early Colonial times. This may have been its original prehispanic name. Nizuc may have also been the name of the largest prehispanic settlement on the island, which would be the combined archaeological sites of El Rey and San Miguel. The LePlongeons, who visited this site in 1877, referred to the ruins as Nizucte (Alice Plongeon 1886: 11), one of the names of the main lagoon behind the island.1 There are 11 known prehispanic archaeological sites on the island, many of them documented by several travelers and...

20. Tiempo, espacio y nuevas tecnologías - Mandianes Castro, Manuel
Fruto de las investigaciones sobre la relación entre tiempo, espacio y nuevas tecnologías, el autor ha tenido la oportunidad de acercarse a Galicia, su tierra natal y objeto de estudio. Es por ello que en la presente exposición se mezclan la dimensión científica del quehacer con aquella más profunda de la experiencia humana: la propia experiencia y reencuentro con la patria. Se ofrece, entonces, una historia, una línea narrativa plasmada de hitos personales y testimonios recogidos en terreno, de primera mano, pero también avalada por encuestas que tratadas en el Departamento de Antropología del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas de Barcelona.

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