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Nomenclatura Unesco > (51) Antropología

Mostrando recursos 41 - 60 de 13,892

41. Materializar lo invisible. El archivo fográfico del Museo Nacional de Antropología - López Pajarón, Ana; Tomás Hernández, Ana

42. La tecnificación del riego ante la escasez del agua para la generación de alimentos: Estudio de caso en Chihuahua, México - Olvera Salgado, Maria Dolores; Bahena Delgado, Gregorio; Alpuche Garcés, Óscar; García Matías, Francisco
The objective of the research was to analyze water productivity and the impact of the technification of irrigation has on it, and the yield of the crops as the main contributors of food. It was performed in the Irrigation District 005, Delicias, Chihuahua. We used the comparative method for two scenarios: the before as the condition prior to the technification of irrigation in 2003, characterized by a surface with gravity irrigation, and the after in 2012-2013, in the surface with technical irrigation (multi-outlet spraying and drip). The results showed marginal water savings of approximately 63,454 dam, and a production of 124,662 tons of crops. The drip and spraying methods generated a higher...

43. La concreción de lo intangible. El patrimonio inmaterial en las actiividades culturales del Museo Nacional de Antropología - Soguero Mambrilla, Belén; Azcona Antón, María

44. Humanismo y antropología: La Coronica y historia general del hombre del doctor Plata - Ronzón Fernández, Elena

45. Mulher, sexualidade e reprodução : representações do corpo em uma vila de classes populares em Porto Alegre - Victora, Ceres Gomes
Mulher, Sexualidade e Reprodução é um trabalho etnográfico que analisa as práticas e representações femininas a respeito do corpo, da sexualidade e da reprodução a partir do contexto social de produção de sentido destas práticas, ou seja, o contexto das relações de gênero e das rela96es familiares, em um universo de Classes populares・ Trabalhando simultaneamente com dados empíricos e com teoria, esta pesquisa discute a questão dos métodos contraceptivos e de sua adequação, tendo em vista as noções de família de maternidade, de mulher, de marido, de filhos e do pr6prio corpo, das, mulheres alvo desta pesquisa.

46. De la materia a la palabra: la interrelación entre la antropología y la traducción en la producción de José María Arguedas - Cunha, Roseli Barros
J.M. Arguedas collected legends and myths from Inca culture and translated some of these texts for Spanish. Moreover, in his literary production inserted in various ways the information collected and resorted to some translation strategies in order to lead his reader with the knowledge of the worldview of a transculturated culture. I will verify some of his works and essays anthropological how that intersection occurs between anthropology, translation, oral and written literature as ways to approach the other's culture. The Peruvian author in his latest novel, El zorro de arriba y el zorro de abajo, says that when he found...

47. O duplo cego da antropologia - Segata, Jean
The objective of this work is to explore the discussions begun in the Vienna Circle with what was called the “linguistic turn” toward anthropological work. The study opens into two levels of inquiry about the place of translation, which can be summarized in two questions: based on the categories available in anthropology, how can ‘the other’ be described? Put differently, although the ‘other’ has a language, we need our own language to say anything about it - i.e., the process of description is itself already a translation process. The second level refers to the nature of the dialogue between anthropologists...

48. Relaciones entre conducta y evolución cultural: construcción de nicho - Pérez Manrique, Tiberio; Bautista, Nydia; Forero, Paula; García Marulanda, Mauricio; Laverde Rodríguez, Mayra Alcira; Álvarez, Gustavo
Las ciencias de la conducta comprenden diferentes disciplinas tales como la biología, la antropología, la economía, la psicología y las ciencias políticas. Sin embargo, para abordar sus problemáticas, cada una de ellas apela a un modelo teórico distinto, algunos incompatibles entre sí. Superar este estado de cosas es una necesidad urgente ara estas ciencias, si se quiere tener entre ellas una relación científicamente más productiva. Actualmente, los desarrollos conceptuales y empíricos, representan una oportunidad para su redefinición conceptual teniendo como marco de referencia y la teoría de la evolución, como una lógica explicativa aplicable a las ciencias de la conducta....

49. JASs Reports Journal of Anthropological Sciences - Emiliano Bruner; Nathan Jeffery
Vol. 85 (2007), pp. 125-137 the JASs is published by the Istituto Italiano di Antropologia www.isita-org.com Extracting functional, phylogenetic and structural data from the subcortical brain: an exploratory geometric morphometric survey

50. the JASs is published by the Istituto Italiano di Antropologia www.isita-org.com The taxonomic diversity of the Colobinae of Africa - Colin P. Groves; Subfamilies Cercopithecinae; Colobinae Th E
Summary- Th e colobine monkeys of Africa are much more diverse than is often realized; in the case of Red Colobus (genus Piliocolobus), this is because the species replace each other geographically, and there is even some interbreeding where their ranges meet. It is not possible to make a modern taxonomic revision of Black-and-white Colobus (genus Colobus), in the absence of a thorough modern study to determine consistency of the diff erences between the taxa deemed to be subspecies of the two polytypic species, C. angolensis and C. guereza. Red Colobus, in particular, are by their behaviour extremely vulnerable, and...

51. Fenomenología de la fe y antropología en Edith Stein: En miras de una pedagogía empática - Céspedes Solís, Pablo
This paper addresses the philosophical and historical contexts of early twentieth-century Europe, particularly Germany, in order to better understand the life, work and thought of Edith Stein (Saint Teresa Benedicta of the Cross).  A primary analysis of Stein’s work in philosophical anthropology and the phenomenology of faith and pedagogy will be presented, followed by a reflection on her possible contribution to Latin American social science and literature.

52. Metamorfosis del paisaje almeriense. Antropología e historia de una alteración - Ibáñez de Miguel, José Andrés
Within a historical and environmental perspective, market values imposed from state power or distant centers of power, have fiercely altered the Mediterranean landscape and Almería in particular. With the extraction of raw materials for processing industries and the gradual clearing of forests, an intense process of desertification Anthropic occurs. Interviews our fieldwork shows that agricultural practices on highs and middle Mountain, maintain a conflict over access to natural resources within a limiting process mechanisms for purchase.

53. Antropologia de la memoria: De la represión al genocidio - Korstanje, Maximiliano Emanuel
The Latino-American experiences during 60/70s decades have been bloody, and fraught with violence. This essay-review, explores the discursive roots of violence through the critique of two major works; one of them, recently published and authored by Daniel Feierstein as El Genocidio como Practica social. The second one signals to Violencia de Texto, Violencia de Contexto on the hand of Freddy Timmermann. Alternating the strengths of one with weakness of the other, and vice-versa, we provide with a new conceptual framework not only to understand the politics, but also the “archetype of forced-disappeared”.

54. Discursos y prácticas racistas en la administración española. Una aproximación desde la antropología - Méndez, Juan R.
Through the ethnography performed, the text reflects on issues of racism and discrimination practiced by the Spanish public administration, and that the official discourse of XXI century states seem to overcome (or relegated to countries “undemocratic” and “backward”), showing how they never actually disappeared but remain linked in the most underlying ideological structures of nation states. Questions such as identity, belonging, tradition, citizenship... serve to create and legitimize physical and mental borders built around alterity, while hiding much of the reality that a migrant have to pass through in the Spanish state. Information barely reaches or matters to most of the “citizens” who walk among ghosts unwary,...

55. La imagen colonial: Colonialismo, etnocentrismo y dominación cultural en Asia - Mejías López, Jesús
This article attempts to establish a first approach to productions shooting in Japan and China during the nineteenth century. The analysis of the cultural logic underlying those photographs to understand some of these key visuals. The main characteristic of the colonial ideology imposed by the dominant Western patterns found in photography a tremendously effective means of expression. The ultimate goal of this paper is precisely to reveal these principles through comparative analysis of Chinese and Japanese pictures of the time.

56. ¿Tribu rasta en la Habana? - García Ramos, Marialina
The text offers an approach to the emergence of a Rastafarian discourse in Havana as one of the identity phenomena bursting today in Cuban society. From a perspective adopting the concept of urban tribes when approaching this group, the point of departure is to be found in the inter/cross-cultural contacts when confronting an imaginary deriving from the processes of de-territorialization involved in the configuration of transnational communities resulting from dialogue scenarios emerging from the market, the cultural industries, and other globalization agencies. The analysis is approached from a systemic focus which evaluates the relationship existing between the emergence of this conglomerate and the changing events in the...

57. El acontecimiento democrático. Humor, estrategia y estética de la indignación - Fernández de Rota, Antón
The aim of this paper is to discuss the “15-M” or the “indignados” movement as an event, a singular political event, but also a machine made to generate future events. Thus, I will analyze the aesthetics of outrage, its strategy of democratic overidentification and how they have taken advantage of the use of humor, and, in particular, a certain humorous parody style (stiob), theorized by anthropologists Yurchak and Boyer. From the results of this analysis, I will move to discuss how the indignados have reopened the old “democratic issue” at the same time they rose up, against to the sad passions cultivated on stage of the...

58. El “Estigma de Eva” en la leyenda mexicana La Llorona. Su representación cinematográfica - González Manrique, Manuel Jesús
The violence of women is very common in universal stories, myths and legends. One of the common myths mostly located in Mexico is the Llorona. This legend has been reinterpreted in film in various ways, versions serving and tastes of every kind historiographical and popular opinion. In this paper, we discuss three film versions of La Llorona, La Llorona (Peón, 1933), La Llorona (Cardona, 1960) y La maldición de la Llorona (Becerra, 1963) placing them both in the anthropological, social and historical, to see the various ways to show female violence and condemnation of women to the fact of the murder of their children.

59. Estudiar la ciencia, pensar la antropología - Blois, María Paula
The concern about the role of anthropology has promoted my interest in studying contemporary science. But anthropological research of this object in turn forwards to the reflection on the place of anthropology in today’s world. This article then begins with a review of the proposals on the anthropology of the contemporary world of Gérard Althabe and Marc Augé. After presents ongoing research aimed at examining the processes of production, appropriation and use of scientific knowledge on the part of various actors in the Argentine context. This presentation gives an account of the variety of dimensions and characteristics of science and the modern world in this particular scenario....

60. Mineras. Trabajar y habitar en las minas: Un análisis desde la antropología del trabajar, la producción social del hábitat y la perspectiva crítica de género - Soraire, Forencia; Barrionuevo, Laura; Bard Wigdor, Gabriela
The extraction and export of non-renewable natural resources are central to the politics of development in contemporary Argentina. Historically, men have dominated the respective industries. In recent years, however, the growth of the mining industry and the opening of the first surface mine have contributed to a growing participation of women in the workforce. We address this issue through a number of related perspectives: the anthropology of work, the social production of the habitat, and critical gender research. On this base, we explore the case of the mine La Alumbrera in Catamarca province. More specifically, the proposed paper considers the situation of women in mining: How do...

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