Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 1.767

  1. La Econometría Espacial. Un Enfoque para el Estudio a Nivel de Datos Microterritoriales de la Políticas de Desarrollo Rural de la Unión Europea. El Caso de Asturias

    Alonso Cienfuegos, Óscar Luis
    Los contenidos del presente trabajo se centran en contrastar la posible contribución de los fondos de la Política Agraria Común (PAC) a mejorar la evolución de las variables económicas que miden dos de los principales objetivos de las políticas de desarrollo rural, como son la fijación de población en el medio rural y la creación de empleo. El estudio económico de datos distribuidos en el espacio necesariamente debe contar con técnicas de econometría espacial, considerando los posibles efectos de autocorrelación y heterogeneidad espaciales, que de ser obviados pueden hacer que los resultados del análisis econométrico no sean válidos, al perder...

  2. Las transferencias condicionadas y el efecto de pereza fiscal: el caso de los 113 municipios del Estado de Michoacán, México, 1999-2008

    Romo de Vivar Mercadillo, Manuel Ricardo
    El objetivo de la presente investigación es el estimar el impacto que ocasiona las transferencias condicionadas, en los ingresos propios de los 113 gobiernos municipales de Michoacán, México, durante el periodo 1999-2008, mediante la incorporación del concepto de esfuerzo fiscal. Con lo anterior, se buscara comprobar sí existe el efecto de pereza fiscal, debido a que las aportaciones federales impacta de manera negativa en la recaudación de los ingresos propios de los ayuntamientos. En el capítulo I, se realiza una revisión de los aspectos teórico metodológicos que permiten el estudio de las funciones que el sector público debe de realizar en...

  3. Ensayos en Econometría Financiera

    Rivera Castro, Miguel Ángel
    La econometría financiera es una disciplina econométrica basada en métodos estadísticos y matemáticos dedicados al análisis de datos financieros. Este tipo de análisis sirve de soporte a varias áreas de estudio como por ejemplo, evaluación de riesgos, opciones, gestión de carteras, previsiones y eficiencia de mercados, etc. Dado que la econometría financiera aborda la aplicación de métodos econométricos a datos financieros, todos los métodos estadísticos que de una forma u otra se apliquen a datos financieros, son de interés para la econometría financiera. El área de mayor evolución en econometría financiera ha sido el de las series temporales. Por esta...

  4. Estudio empírico de las causas subyacentes en la hipótesis de la curva de kuznets ambiental : influencia de factores exógenos y análisis de descomposición

    Díaz Vázquez, María del Rosario

  5. FACULTEIT DER ECONOMISCHE WETENSCHAPPEN EN ECONOMETRIE


    In th is paper a review is given of the role of small scale rural industry for regional development in developing countries, especially Indonesia. The role of industry in the rural economy is discussed. The factors influencing the participation of farm households in small-scale manufacturing ac t iv i-t ies are investigated. I t is found that th i s participation strongly depends on the conditions in the agricultural sector. Various subsectors in rural industry are distinguished, with different prospects for future develop-ment. Special attention i s paid to the equity aspects of rural industry. Rural industry appears to a...

  6. ROBUST MM-ESTIMATION AND INFERENCE IN MIXED LINEAR MODELS

    Samuel Copt; Stephane Heritier; Université De Genève; Samuel Copt; Stephane Heritier
    Cahiers du département d’économétrie Faculté des sciences économiques et sociales

  7. NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES TRAINING DISADVANTAGED YOUTH IN LATIN AMERICA: EVIDENCE FROM A RANDOMIZED TRIAL

    Orazio Attanasio; Adriana Kugler; Costas Meghir; Orazio Attanasio; Adriana Kugler; Costas Meghir
    We are extremely grateful to the teams at SEI and Econometria, which participated in the coordination and collection of the data, and in particular to Rafael Arenas, Luis Carlos Gomez, John Tirado and especially to the director of the project, Bernardo Kugler, and to the deputy director, Martha Isabel Gutierrez, for making sure the process was carried out in a careful manner every step of the way. We are also very grateful to Luis Carlos Corral at the Department of Planning for hearing our plea and supporting us in carrying out the randomization. We thank Josh Angrist, Jere Behrman, Bill...

  8. Faculteit der Economische Wetenschappen en Econometrie dó o- ^V ET Serie Research Memoranda 05348 Barriers in Spatial Interactions and Communications A Conceptual Exploration

    P. Nijkamp; P. Rietveld; I. Salomon
    Barriers are defined as discontinuities in broadly defined marginal costs of communication usually leading to a discontinuity in interac-tion. This paper addresses conceptual issues about barriers to conmmunication. Several typologies of barriers are given. For example, according to the degree of permeability, barriers may discourage inter-action, or may even be entirely impermeable, but examples may also be given of barriers which stimulate communication in one or both direc-tions. Another typology of barriers addresses reasons of existence, including natural barriers, barriers created for protection purposes, barriers created for reasons of convenience, etc. The paper concludes with a number of suggestions for...

  9. After a briefhistoricalsurveystartingaround1930,thearticlediscussessome

    J An Tinbergen
    principle,planningin stages,input-output,and two-gapmodelsare discussed. Fromnationalmodelswehavenowattainedapointof worldmodels. The newestdevelopmentsare characterizedby the introductionof income distributionvariables,theinformalsector,appropriatetechnologiesandenviron-mentalvariables.Newusesmadeof modelsrecognizetheexistenceof morethan onepolicymaker,or alternativegroupsin poweraswenas~'interactivemultiple goalplanning". 1. mSTORlCAL Developmentpoliciesmaybeconsideredacomponent-andaveryimpor-tantoneat that-of socio-economicpoliciesgenerally.Accordingly,therootsof developmentplanninghavetobelookedforin thefirstattemptstoconductsocio-economicpoliciesin a plannedway. Twobranchesstandout;centralplanningas developedin theSovietUnion fromthelate19208onward,andindicativemacro-planning,aselaboratedin someWesterncountries.Of course,therearelargediffer-encesbetweenthetwo approaches.Sovietplanningwasseenas obligatory(as distinctfromindicative),andit (asdistinctfrommacroplanning)dealtwithan enormousnumberof details.Forquitesometime,moreover,theuseofmathemati-calmodelswasnotconsideredappropriatein theSovietUnion.In thisarticleI pro-poseto dealwithsocio-economicpolicypreparationwiththeaidof econometri-callytestedmodels.Thefirstattemptsoriginatedin theNetherlandsin 1936,when I, assistedby B. G. F. Buys,setupasimplemacro-modelin orderto formulatea policyforthatperiod,in theaftermathof thegreatdepression[20]. DuringWorldWarII, J. E. Meadeandcollaboratorsin theBritish"Cabinet Offices"maderelatedstudiesdirectedatthesolutionofwarfmanceproblems. AfterWorldWarII, variousformsof indicativeplanning-witha varying degreeof compulsion-developedin Westerncountries.In theUSA, theCouncil of EconomicAdvisorswasestablished,butthemainemphasisof itsactivitieswas *The author,a NobelLaureate(Economics),isProfessorEmeritusat theCentrefor Devel-opmentPlanning,theErasmusUniversity,Rotterdam(Holland).

  10. A Review of Multiregxonal Economie Modeling

    Peter Nijkamp; Piet Rietveld; Folke Snickars
    This paper presents results of a comparative study of operational multiregional economie models. No less than 50 models from 20 countries are included in the survey. Various aspects of model structure and model use are discussed. The possibilities to use these models for policy analysis receive special attention.- 1-Regional Economie Modeling; a Retrospective View Ever since its emergence in the 1950's, regional science has had a strong quantitative orientation, mainly as a consequence of the general tendency in social sciences to get more insight into the complexities of our world by means of statistical, econometrie and modeling tech-niques. Apart from...

  11. Computing Wald Criteria for Nested Hypotheses with Econometrie Applications

    Ekonomische Fakulteit; D. A. Kodde; F. C. Palm; D. A. Kodde; F. C. Palm
    comments welcome In this paper, we present a general procedure for the computation of the Wald criteria when testing nested hypotheses. The suggested procedure does not require explicit derivation of the restrictions implied by the null hypothesis and henee its use might eliminate a time-consuming step in testing linear and nonlinear nested hypotheses. We also indicate how the procedure can be used to get restrictéd parameter estimates. Next, the properties of the general procedure are discussed. Finally, three econometrie applications illustrate how the Wald statistic can be computed in a fairly straightforward way.

  12. '11 o~Si> Faculteit der Economische Wetenschappen en Econometrie ET °5348 Serie Research Memoranda On second order optimality of reguiar Projective Estimators: part I

    Kacha Dzhaparidze; Peter J. C. Spreij
    On second order optimality of regular projective estimators: Part I K a c h a Dzhapar idze

  13. An Alternative Proof of Uniqueness in Non-Cooperative Bargaining*

    Et -akgroep Econometrie; Harold Houba; Harold Houba
    A b s t r a c t In this paper the Standard alternating offer model is analysed. An al-ternative proof is suggested to show that the system of equations that characterises the stationary SPE proposals admits a unique solution. Fur-thermore, this proof is more general than the existing proofs.

  14. Impulse response patterns for various dynamic

    R. M. J. Willemse; Link To Publication; R. M. J. Heuts; R. Willemse; R. M. J. Heuts; R. Willemse
    Citation for published version (APA): Heuts, R. M. J., & Willemse, R. (1981). Impulse response patterns for various dynamic time series models. (Ter discussie FEW; Vol. 81.08). Unknown Publisher. General rights Copyright and moral rights for the publications made accessible in the public portal are retained by the authors and/or other copyright owners and it is a condition of accessing publications that users recognise and abide by the legal requirements associated with these rights.? Users may download and print one copy of any publication from the public portal for the purpose of private study or research? You may not further...

  15. FINANZA MATEMATICA ED ECONOMETRIA Expectations and Policies

    In Deflationary Recessions; Luca Colombo; Gerd Weinrich; Università Cattolica; Sacro Cuore; In Deflationary Recessions; Luca Colombo; Gerd Weinrich
    www.vitaepensiero.it All rights reserved. Photocopies for personal use of the reader, not exceeding 15 % of each volume, may be made under the payment of a copying fee to the SIAE, in accordance with the provisions of the law n. 633 of 22 April 1941 (art. 68, par. 4 and 5). Reproductions which are not intended for personal use may be only made with the written permission of CLEARedi, Centro Licenze e Autorizzazioni per le

  16. Un método de inicialización del filtrado para modelos en espacio de los estados con inputs estocásticos

    Casals Carro, José Manuel; Sotoca López, Sonia
    En este trabajo se derivan las expresiones exactas de la media y varianza condicional del estado inicial de un modelo en espacio de los estados con inputs estocásticos, generalizando los resultados teóricos obtenidos por De Jong y Chu-Chun-Lin (1994). Se muestra que las condiciones iniciales exactas dependen del carácter estacionario o no estacionario del modelo y que las estimaciones finales de los parámetros son sensibles a la presencia de inputs estocásticos, siendo ésta una situación frecuente en Econometría.

  17. [II Encontro Regional de Econometria, realizado na Faculdade de Ci??ncias Econ??micas da UFMG]

    Autoria desconhecida
    II Encontro Regional de Econometria, realizado na Faculdade de Ci??ncias Econ??micas da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), que contou com a participa????o da Funda????o Jo??o Pinheiro, atrav??s de seu presidente, Carlos Maur??cio de Carvalho Ferreira e dos t??cnicos Ant??nio Aguirre, Delso Morais da Silva e Jos?? Afonso Bicalho Beltr??o da Silva.

  18. [II Encontro Regional de Econometria, realizado na Faculdade de Ci??ncias Econ??micas da UFMG]

    Autoria desconhecida
    II Encontro Regional de Econometria, realizado na Faculdade de Ci??ncias Econ??micas da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG). V??-se ?? mesa os t??cnicos da Funda????o Jo??o Pinheiro, Delso Morais da Silva, Jos?? Afonso Bicalho Beltr??o da Silva e Ant??nio Aguirre. V??-se tamb??m os participantes.

  19. [II Encontro Regional de Econometria, realizado na Faculdade de Ci??ncias Econ??micas da UFMG]

    Autoria desconhecida
    II Encontro Regional de Econometria, realizado na Faculdade de Ci??ncias Econ??micas da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG). V??-se, da direita para a esquerda, Ant??nio Aguirre, Jos?? Afonso Bicalho Beltr??o da Silva e Delso Morais da Silva, t??cnicos da Funda????o Jo??o Pinheiro.

  20. [II Encontro Regional de Econometria, realizado na Faculdade de Ci??ncias Econ??micas da UFMG]

    Autoria desconhecida
    II Encontro Regional de Econometria, realizado na Faculdade de Ci??ncias Econ??micas da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG). V??-se, da direita para a esquerda, os t??cnicos da Funda????o Jo??o Pinheiro, Ant??nio Aguirre, Jos?? Afonso Bicalho Beltr??o da Silva e Delso Morais da Silva.

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