Mostrando recursos 81 - 100 de 3.170

  1. Crisis de los sistemas de representación y relativismo cultural en las discursividades geográficas

    Silva, Miguel Ángel
    En las últimas dos décadas del siglo XX se extendió en los medios académicos y en las agendas intelectuales de las sociedades occidentales y orientales el concepto de globalización, y durante ellas, los discursos relacionados con este concepto parecían explicar a la geografía contemporánea. A partir de la puesta en marcha de los discursos sobre la globalización se generaron interesantes propuestas que dieron relieve a las ciencias sociales más allá del reducido ámbito de investigadores y profesores universitarios. Desde ya que las interpretaciones de esta globalización tuvieron innumerables matices instrumentales, prescriptivos e ideológicos y por cierto, entre los geógrafos ayudaron a re-significar la dinámica de una disciplina anclada en descripciones...

  2. Imaginación y creatividad matemática en las ciencias sociales

    Ramiro Roca, Enric; Gil Noé, José Vicente
    Són nombroses les crítiques a una universitat que no sempre ha estat connectada suficientment a la societat. També les ciències socials han estat motiu de desaprovació per tindre la imatge d’una àrea avorrida, inútil i memorística. I en tercer lloc, hi ha hagut una separació tradicional entre les ciències i les lletres en un món cada vegada més globalitzat, amb de temes de frontera i treball en equip.És per això, que des de l’Àrea de didàctica de les ciències socials al si del Departament d’Educació de la Universitat Jaume I de Castelló (UJI), un grup de professors hem posat en...

  3. Reseñas. Sánchez, R.; Hidalgo, R.; Arenas, F.. Re-conociendo las geografías de América Latina y el Caribe. Santiago de Chile: Serie GEOlibro N°24, Instituto de Geografía, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, 2017. 369p. ISBN: 978-956-14-2051-9

    Babilonia Ballesteros, Rosa Inés

  4. Caída de la demanda con la distancia en el uso del transporte público: El caso del acceso al campus universitario de Cáceres

    Sánchez Fernández, Manuel; Fragoso, Laura; Quirós Rosado, Elia María; Gutiérrez Gallego, José Antonio
    An important aspect when analyzing the usage of a given service is the accessibility that it has for the potential users. This Accessibility is determined by the cost of having access to the service. Considering the access to a mode of transport, it is usually estimated as the time it takes to reach the service. The concept of distance decay reflects precisely the above mentioned relation. In other words, it relates the access time and the probability of using any mode of transport. In this work a complete methodology, that allows estimating the decay distance for urban bus use in the city of Cáceres, is developed....

  5. Análisis comparativo entre la distribución de usos del suelo en Andalucía y su accesibilidad visual. REDIAM

    Romero Romero, Daniel; Romero Morato, Andrés; Guerrero Álvarez, Juan José; Giménez de Azcárate Fernández, Fernando; Cáceres Clavero, Francisco; Moreira Madueño, José Manuel
    The Environmental Information Network of Andalusia (REDIAM on its Spanish acronim) has multitemporal mapping and differentiated levels of detail on uses and land cover, as well as other physical aspects that form the visible skin of the territory. Similarly, this network includes layers produced through the Visibility System of Andalusia (SVA), related to the visual accessibility, meaning that they estimate the impact on the observer perception regarding any change on the territory The purpose of the work presented here is a statistical approach between land cover and visual accessibility, in order to obtain a comparative analysis–multi-scalar, and at different levels of definition - between the substantial contents of...

  6. Cartografía de la biomasa aérea total en masas de Pinus Radiata D. Don a partir de datos públicos LIDAR-PNOA e inventario forestal nacional

    Lekuona Zuazo, Irati; Montealegre Gracia, Antonio Luis; Lamelas Gracia, María Teresa
    The estimation of total aboveground biomass (hereinafter referred as biomass) is required to understand the structure and dynamics of forest ecosystems. The main objective of this study is to estimate and map the biomass of Pinus radiata D. Don forest stands located in the Arratia-Nerbioi region (Bizkaia, Spain). LiDAR remote sensing data from the National Plan for Aerial Ortophotography (PNOA) and the information obtained by the Fourth National Forest Inventory (IFN4) have been used. The biomass was calculated in 51 IFN4 field plots applying the allometric equation from Montero et al. (2005). Finally, a multivariate linear regression analysis allowed the generation of a biomass predictive model, which...

  7. Análise do efeito de background na estimativa da potência e da energia radiativa do fogo

    Verola Mataveli, Guilherme Augusto; Pereira, Gabriel; Moraes, Elisabete Caria; Oliveira, Bruno Silva
    Nowadays, orbital remote sensing is the main source of data to study fires and to estimate the amount of biomass burning. Among the methods used to estimate biomass burning, the most effective derives from Fire Radiative Power (FRP) and Fire Radiative Energy (FRE), based on the principle that the energy emitted as electromagnetic radiation during the combustion process is directly related to the amount of biomass burning. However, a few factors can that introduce errors in FRP and FRE, such as the background, which have impact over the accuracy of biomass burning estimates using FRP and FRE. In this context, the present study evaluates the...

  8. Desarrollo de herramientas para el tratamiento de la información y el análisis con SIG de los usos del suelo utilizando el SIOSE. Una aproximación al caso de Asturias.

    Fernández Noguerol, Santos
    It is described the development of a program able to decrypt the code of each SIOSE polygon. The aim is to collect all the data that can be taken from the labels and present the results tabulated to ease and improve remarkably the management and the analysis possibilities of this source. In addition, with the purpose of demonstrating the practical usefulness, the information obtained has been used to conduct a brief geographical analysis of Asturias that, based on land uses, helps to study the types of landscapes of the region.

  9. Usos de información georreferenciada para prestación de servicios a la población: Una revisión de literatura

    Moreno Mayorga, Sandra Liliana; Jácome Molina, Javier Mauricio
    The growing volume of geo-referenced statistical data it is an opportunity to improve the provision of services to the population considering a territorial perspective. However, to leverage data is required the use of adequate methodologies. This paper summarizes some of them around of the five basic concepts of the spatial analysis stated by Buzai (2010): localization, distribution, association, interaction and evolution. For each one, are presented techniques that allow the improvement in the services provision for population.

  10. Quem educa o educador? Breve trajetória do currículo de História na formação de docentes para uma prática de ensinno multicultural

    Braz Amorim Caprini, Aldieris; Prado, Solange
    O artigo que ora se apresenta é baseado em pesquisa documental/bibliográfica e objetiva traçar uma trajetória do ensino da disciplina História e, concomitante a isso verificar a formação dos docentes em História para uma prática pedagógica voltada para questões da diversidade e do multiculturalismo. Para tanto, procuraremos discutir a formação do docente no sistema educacional brasileiro; o surgimento dos cursos de História na década de 30; o estabelecimento de currículos mínimos de graduação, ainda na década de 30; a constituição dos cursos independente de História e Geografia na década de 50 e a criação dos cursos de Estudos Sociais na...

  11. Bastaba esta general insinuación de la utilidad, que saca la Medicina de los Insectos, para apreciarlos [...]: um estudo das virtudes terapêuticas de insetos na obra Paraguay Natural, do padre jesuíta José Sanchez Labrador.

    Alliatti Joaquim, Mariana
    Neste artigo, apresento os resultados da pesquisa que venho desenvolvendo, desde julho de 2014, inserida no projeto Uma ordem de homens de religião e de ciência, que tem entre seus objetivos a análise de obras produzidas por missionários jesuítas que atuaram também como homens de ciência. Dentre eles, destaca-se o padre José Sanchez Labrador, autor da obra Paraguay Natural Ilustrado, na qual o missionário descreve a geografia, a fauna e a flora das regiões da Província Jesuítica do Paraguai em que atuou. Para o desenvolvimento da pesquisa, utilizei uma cópia digitalizada do manuscrito da obra – ainda inédita –, que...

  12. Geografía religiosa del obispado de Chiapas y Soconusco (1545-1821)

    Viqueira, Juan Pedro
    Para poder evangelizar y administrar a los indios, las órdenesreligiosas y las diócesis procedieron a dividir los territorios a su cargo enobispados, prioratos y guardianías, doctrinas y beneficios. En este artículo,buscaremos comprender las lógicas que siguieron al crear estas unidadesadministrativo-religiosas en el obispado de Chiapas y Soconusco durante elperiodo colonial.

  13. Concepciones de la geografía y la cartografía en las ‘ciencias del hombre’ y los museos arqueológicos en Bogotá (Colombia), 1938 -1945

    García Roldan, Daniel
    This article studies the maps and geographical discourses that conferred a certain order and meaning to the collections in archaeological museums in Bogotá, in order to shed light on mid-twentieth century ideas of how to value and interpret our indigenous past. The methodology used is based on a historical analysis of a series of cartographic images and the texts relating to them. This analysis has allowed us to deduce the existence of three types of maps: the map as a logotype, whose aim is to establish a close link between the limits of the national territory and the location of...

  14. Colonización y acuerdos locales en la consolidación del sistema campesino-ganadero saraguro en la Amazonía sur del Ecuador

    Buitrón Cañadas, Viviana Marcela
    This article analyzes the role of different actors in the spatial configuration of the Saraguro colonization in the Southern Ecuadorian Amazon and the land use changes that occurred due to peasant productive activities. Semi-structured interviews with key informants about the local history and the context of colonization were conducted. Additionally, a land use analysis was performed for the years 1986, 2000 and 2010. The results point to the importance of agreements between local actors, as the saraguro colonists advanced from their original settlements in the Andes toward the Amazon, and show how colonization caused forest loss in favor of other...

  15. Relaciones capitalistas en el Asentamiento Realidad en la BR-319 km 570 (Amazonas)

    Neto, Thiago Oliveira
    The production of food for the market aims to meet the consumption needs of urban centers, and, at the same time, family of the producer. Thus, the producer needs to establish relationships with the market, where the product or production surplus is sent; While another part remains in the very community where it is produced and where the producers live. The proceeds from the sale, as a rule, are used in the producer's own production. This brief general consideration is structured in the Incra settlement, located at kilometer 570 of the BR-319 highway, in the municipality of Humaitá, where agricultural...

  16. Estado, políticas públicas e território: Um debate a partir da geografia política

    Teixeira, Vanessa; Freire de Paula, Rafael
    This study aims to discuss PRONAF (National Program for Strengthening Family Farming); “Bolsa Família”; “Minha casa minha vida” (MCMV) and PROUNI (University for All Program) as public policies developed in Brazil (2003), and that qualify for an approach to the State and its role in society, that is, the State in action through of public policies that, in turn, do not reach a homogeneous and / or neutral territory, but rather, diverse, heterogeneous and in dispute by the power groups that integrate it. In order to reach with the objectives proposed, the studies of Melozzo (2010) were used; Souza (2006;...

  17. O saber geográfico e a educação do campo na construção do conhecimento dos jovens camponeses

    Honória de Sousa, Antonia Sandra; de Oliveira, Alexandra Maria
    This study analyzes the geographic knowledge at the Dom Fragoso Agricultural Family School in the municipality of Independência - Sertões dos Inhamus - CE. The research highlights the contextualized education with students' reality. We seek to understand how the teaching of Geography contextualized with the youth of the countryside and the importance of the pedagogy of alternation as bridge between school and community. The analysis took place from the field visits, reading about the subjects, records of images, interviews with students and teachers of the school. We find that students are acting and transforming their realities within their communities.

  18. Destino turístico inteligente: construção de um modelo de avaliação com base em indicadores para planejamento, gestão e controle de destinos histórico-culturais patrimônio da humanidade, analisando o caso de São Luís (Maranhão, Brasil)

    Ribeiro dos Santos, Saulo; Gândara, José Manoel Gonçalves
    O macro-projeto espanhol3 das Universidades de Alicante, Málaga, Oviedo, Murcia, Complutense de Madrid em parceria com a Universidade Federal do Paraná está embasado em onze indicadores4 fundamentais específicos sobre governança, ações de sustentabilidade territorial urbana, sustentabilidade turística, acessibilidade, conectividade e sensorização, sistemas de informação e inteligência turística, informação turística, marketing online, comercialização, inovação e melhoria da experiência (VERA REBOLO, IVARS BAIDAL, 2014). O conjunto de variáveis supracitadas podem ser analisadas em diversos tipos de ambientes turísticos, com o objetivo de coletar informações que viabilizem o planejamento e gestão, conforme observa-se no estudo da geografia do turismo (GARCIA HERNANDEZ, 2003; CÀNOVES...

  19. La música tradicional venezolana: entrevista imaginaria realizada al concertista y compositor venezolano, Eladio Mujica

    Mijares, Raimundo
    La siguiente entrevista imaginaria realizada al compositor y concertista venezolano, Profesor, Eladio Mujica la realicé en la ciudad de Caracas un día del mes de septiembre del año 2017. Fue un ejercicio que sirvió de pretexto para acercarme en el tiempo a un creador de la música venezolana. Recordando sus inicios en el repertorio de la guitara y el cuatro, el profesor Mujica ha significado una referencia de incalculable valor para el patrimonio musical de la música tradicional venezolana. Nuestra amistad se forjó en la ciudad de Porlamar cuando concurríamos al Complejo Cultural Modesta Bor en busca de conocimientos que...

  20. Análisis de trayectorias escolares de estudiantes de la licenciatura en geografía de la UAEMEX

    Pérez Alcántara, Bonifacio D.
    Studying school progress allowed knowing different dimensions of the course a generation of the B. Sc. in Geography, of the Autonomous University of the State of Mexico, took. This study was a diagnosis and an evaluation alternative mechanism in order to plan the process for modifying the syllabus. The objective of the study was to evaluate some indicators of the school progress of the 2012-2017 generation of the B. Sc. in Geography. As background, the high school average, the results of the Official exam Exani II, the rate of promotion, desertion, retention and approval in the school progress of the...

Aviso de cookies: Usamos cookies propias y de terceros para mejorar nuestros servicios, para análisis estadístico y para mostrarle publicidad. Si continua navegando consideramos que acepta su uso en los términos establecidos en la Política de cookies.