La alquimia de la Geografía escolar. Acercamientos a la configuración de un campo disciplina en México (1825-1898 ca.)
- Georgina M. E. Aguirre Lora
The purpose of this article is to understand geography as a field of knowledge that is shaped by the different interests of a social group in a given moment. The desire for reaching that longed-for national progress and making it part of the curricula for the public school generated a complex web of processes that were not necessarily similar between them, nor convergent in their intent. This study undertakes the analysis of some scholar manuals of geography in the primary school as hints of a nodal problem: the configuration of a disciplinary field that can be understood from many different...
La geografía y la economía en sus vínculos actuales: Una antología comentada del debate contemporáneo
- Calderón Villarreal, Cuauhtémoc
Diversidad y desigualdad en las geografías mediáticas: la búsqueda de los sentidos sociales de las prácticas mediáticas
- Palacios Gámaz, Ana Berónica
A Fronteira como Ameaça: Geografia, Imaginação e Experiência
- Novaes, André Reyes
This paper takes into account debates concerning Geography, imagination andexperience in order to study how South American borders are portrayed in the Brazilian press. By discussing texts and maps published in the mainstream press, this paper seeks to analyze reports in which journalists do a kind of “field work” in frontier towns and cities. The coverage of a specific event that occurred on the border between Brazil and Colombia in the early 1990s is used to illustrate the relationship between the diffusion of images in the press and the legitimacy of specific forms of action in the border areas.
Maurício de Almeida Abreu (Rio de Janeiro, 1948–2011)
- Costa, Rogerio Haesbaert da; Geografia da UFRJ, Alunos do Departamento de
Homenagem de Rogerio Haesbaert da Costa (Professor do Departamento de Geografia - UFF) e Alunos do Departamento de Geografia da UFRJ.
Espaços Públicos: a Cidade em Cena (I) A Fabricação do Filme. O Relato de uma Aventura
- Gomes, Paulo Cesar da Costa
Este artigo apresenta o relato do processo de construção de uma experiênciaque consistiu em operacionalizar o uso de imagens na Geografia não somente analisando-as, mas produzindo-as. Esse procedimento resultou em um filme que pretende ser, simultaneamente, um instrumento de pesquisa e uma discussão metodológica sobre o uso de imagens pelos geógrafos.
De Perto e de Longe: Pistas para uma Reflexão sobre Imagem e Geografia
- Daou, Ana Maria; Felipe, Renan Gomes
This article discusses the use of the image in Geography and in particular photography with regard to the role given to visual experience in the constitution of the discipline. In addition to the literature on the importance of image in the production, dissemination and teaching of geographical knowledge, a dialogue is established with authors who question the use of photography in the context of fieldwork and research in Social Sciences. The discussion from the perspective of the use of images suggests a tension that permeates Geography, whose research procedures vary from completely controlling sensory experience at one extreme to giving priority to distinct experiences related to space...
A Geografia Criativa do Cinema O Papel da Montagem na Construção dos Espaços Fílmicos
- Alvarenga, André Lima de
The present work approaches the construction of space in film from theperspective of manipulative functions and strategies developed for editing. The focus of this analysis is the connection between the successive takes of moving images that compose the plot. Following this approach, a brief analysis of a sequence of montage extracted from Peter Yates’s Bullit (1968) is presented.
Escala e pesquisa na geografia. Problema ou solução?
- Elias de Castro, Iná
Scale has been a recurrent theme in Geography in the last decades. Perspectives, debates and controversies concerning scale occupy a large number of articles and books which leaves very little new to say about the concept. However, given the profusion of proposals and conceptions concerning scale, confusion is eventually inevitable so that the concept is not always easily to apply in empirical situations. This is an inescapable paradox for anyone focusing on the theme: important ontological debates and the lack of clear application of scale as a methodological resource ultimately results in the very negation of the significance of the concept for Human Geography and for marking spatial...
A Geografia Francesa
- Claval, Paul
The French school of Geography structured the discipline at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th Centuries. This school benefited from the initial surge of the discipline but over time lost contact with a changing world. Beginning in the 1960s the French school was progressively renewed (Claval, 1998; 2002).
Geografia e Inovação Tecnológica: uma Abordagem Urgente
- Ibañez, Pablo
In recent years interest has grown in Brazil concerning policies which inducetechnological innovation which calls for a careful analysis of the scope and development of these policies. Theoretical and empirical reflection on the subject has been mostly carried out by economists and engineers and geographers are relatively absent from the debates. The aim of this study is to provide a review of classical texts concerning innovation which focus on spatial dimensions. Until recently few Brazilian geographers treated the subject of inducing technological innovation but this is changing and here light is shed on recent geographic studies treat the subject and a possible agenda is provided for research...
Como Navegar nas Fortes Vagas da Geografia e não Naufragar. A Trajetória e as Lições de Maurício Abreu
- Elias de Castro, Iná
The aim of this text is to recover the essential features of the academic careerof Mauricio de Almeida Abreu, as professor and researcher, within the changing currents of Geography that faced our generation and the research options he chose. Profound and sagacious lessons are available for both new researchers and old concerning how geographical knowledge is produced, even for those who have no idea about how much effort is expended in this task. The value of research method, the tireless search for sources of information, the organization and analysis of results with a clear view of the intimate relationship between the conceptual basis and the reality...
Encontros e Desencontros entre Geografia e História e Tendências na Geografia Histórica Anglo-Saxã
- Carneiro, Patrício Aureliano Silva; Matos, Ralfo Edmundo da Silva
This article offers a discussion of the relationship between space andtime, Geography and History, and the status of Historical Geography as present in the international literature. Proximity and distance between the two disciplines are treated and contemporary Historical Geography is shown to permit interdisciplinary investigation and knowledge. This review is based on the analysis of bibliographical sources with an emphasis on recent tendencies and challenges present in Anglo-Saxon Historical Geography.
Debates Acerca da Geografia Histórica e da Geo-História: Elementos para a Análise Espaço-Temporal
- Lima, Átila de Manezes; Amora, Zenilde Baima
The aim of this article is to discuss the theoretical and conceptual debate aboutgeographies of the past, that is, the different geographical approaches to territorial formations, landscapes and the temporal mediations that contributed to the production of spaces of the past and present. This study is the result of theoretical reflections developed in the first chapter of the dissertation The Historical Geography of Iguatu-CE: An Analysis of Cotton Cropping from 1920 to 1980, which presented the historical production of space in Iguatu, identifying the subjects and mediation processes involved in the area studied. Historical analysis, use of oral sources, analysis of documents, photographs and speeches and observation...
Quem são os Clássicos da Geografia Brasileira? E Por Que Lê-los? Entrevista com o Prof. Dr.
- Corrêa, Roberto Lobato
Entrevista com o Prof. Dr. Roberto Lobato Azevedo Corrêa da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro sobre autores e obras clássicas da Geografia brasileira. Antecede à entrevista uma considerando dos editores sobre a importância da leitura de textos clássicos junto à apresentação do professor entrevistado que é acompanhada de uma listagem de suas publicações.
VI Sem. Latino-Am. e II S. Ibero Americano de Geografia Física / XVIII Colloquium IGU-Commission Sustainability Rural Systems / Workshop Cartografia Social e Território AL / Sem. Reg. Novas Fronteiras Biodiesel / III Enc. Latino-Am. Ci. Sociais Barragens
- Mendes, Stella Peres; Bicalho, Ana Maria S M; Coelho, Maria Célia Nunes; Bernardes, Júlia Adão; Costa, Marcos Vinícius Velozo da; Rio, Gisela A Pires do
Resenhas dos eventos:VI Seminário Latino Americano e II Seminário Ibero Americano de Geografia Física;XVIII Annual Colloquium of the IGU-Commission on the Sustainability of Rural Systems;Workshop Sobre Cartografia Social e Território na América Latina; Seminário Regional Sobre Novas Fronteiras do Biodiesel na Amazônia: Limites e Desafios da Incorporação da Pequena Produção Agrícola; III Encontro Latino-Americano de Ciências Sociais e Barragens, Núcleo de Altos Estudos Amazônicos.
Bairros, Bairros Suburbanos e Subcentros
- Soares, Maria Therezinha Segadas
Artigo originalmente publicado pelo IBGE em Curso de geografia da Guanabara. Rio de Janeiro, Série Biblioteca Brasileira, nº 21, 1968, p.74-89. Republicação na Revista Espaço Aberto sob permissão concedida pelo FIBGE.
Sustentabilidade na Agricultura e Geografia Agrária: O Contexto da Agricultura Orgânica no Rio de Janeiro
- Barros, Regina Cohen
A preocupação que orienta o presente trabalho é subsidiar os atuais debates sobre as dinâmicas recentes do espaço rural brasileiro, inserindo-o no escopo da geografia agrária; analisando especificamente o estado do Rio de Janeiro, que passa por transformações provocadas pela intensificação da urbanização no campo; e redefinindo os conceitos “rural” e “urbano” para a geografia, a partir das mudanças geradas pelo processo histórico e pela lógica capitalista de desenvolvimento. A agricultura orgânica no estado do Rio de Janeiro emergiu no setor da horticultura e na mesma região de domínio dessa atividade no estado – a região serrana fluminense. Como a olericultura só era cultivada nos moldes convencionais, a...
Memorial de Concurso para Provimento do Cargo de Professor Titular no Departamento de Geografia na Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro
- Becker, Bertha K.
This is the self-evaluation presented by Professor Bertha Koifmann Becker inDecember, 1993, when she was selected for the post of Full Professor at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. In this document she describes her academic and professional career, giving emphasis to her research, her role in strengthening the Department of Geography and her key part in founding the Post-graduate Program in Geography (PPGGIGEO/ UFRJ) as well as her significant contribution to different sectors of the Brazilian government, innumerous national and international universities and research institutes, always offering rich, spontaneous and brilliant scientific insight. At the end of the text a résumé is added, presenting the...
A Geografia e o Resgate da Antigeopolítica
- Lima, Ivaldo
The aim of this article is to contrast classical and critical postmodern geopoliticsusing critical epistemologies which renew contemporary political geography. An antigeopolitics perspective is presented with the epistemological purpose of proposing critical geopolitics with the potential for constructing counter-spaces, democratic spatial counter-orders and counter-geographies of power. Hence, territorial justice arises on an ethical horizon which stakes out a position of anti-geopolitics and examples of territorial dynamics in contemporary Latin America are used to illustrate this kind of approach. The intellectual presence of Bertha Becker guides the text and provides inspiration for a Geography of anti-geopolitics.