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(5501) Biografías (5502) Historia general
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Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 146,056

1. Identidad digital y empleo: ¿una historia de amor o de odio? - Coster, Maximilien de

2. Informação e conhecimento no contexto organizacional: O olhar do arquivista - dos Santos Carvalho de Oliveira, Irma Gracielle; Pereira de Souza, Alexandre; Nóbrega Duarte, Emeide
A informação e o conhecimento constituem os alicerces da Sociedade da Informação cuja base é a cultura acumulada através do tempo, da história do próprio homem e de suas representações. Nesse contexto, se insere o objetivo desta pesquisa, de identificar os conceitos de informação e conhecimento na visão de arquivistas de instituições públicas no Estado da Paraíba. Metodologicamente, a escolha do ambiente onde se realizou a pesquisa a caracteriza quanto ao delineamento, como estudo exploratório, de natureza qualitativa, desenvolvida no campo arquivista. Como pesquisa qualitativa explorou a técnica da entrevista. A pesquisa envolveu quatro arquivistas atuantes em arquivos públicos na...

3. Museologia i història de l�art. El nou projecte museològic del Museu Episcopal de Vic - Trullén Thomàs, Josep Maria

4. La prevención de dificultades del lenguaje oral en el marco escolar: Evaluación e intervencion temprana - López Gómez, Santiago; García Álvarez, Consuelo
The programs focused on the prevention of the diverse difficulties and alterations of the language are related to two very specific aspects: on the one hand, with the early detection of the possible difficulties, and on the other, with the development of prevention programs appropriate to young ages. The former points to an evaluation process at two levels: that focused on children with congenital problems, whose clinical histories bear significant linguistic alterations. The latter points towards children in scholar age, to which several screening tests will be applied from a preventive perspective and with the aim of getting an early...

5. Eroine e self made women nel racconto di vita delle donne migranti ecuadoriane - Pagnotta, Chiara
In this article I want to show the forms and narrative topos that support the biographical narrative of Ecuadorian migrant women which I have collected the life histories. The life of witnesses seems to be characterized by the rebellion that already appears in adolescence and that once adult, will lead the women to escape his fate emigrating. The narrative structure is similar to the formation of novel whose protagonist is the migrant / heroine who after many difficulties and with God's help manages to triumph and achieve their goals.

6. Trauma e repetição: O sinistro e suas formas literárias em três momentos da nossa história - Birman, Daniela
This article discusses the problematics of trauma, memory formation and the diverse forms of the uncanny (unheimlich) found in prison writings by Everardo Dias, Graciliano Ramos, Dyonelio Machado and Flávio Tavares, referring to different moments of suspension of rights and authoritarianism in twentieth century Brazil (the marshal law imposed in 1922-1926, followed by the Vargas and military dictatorships). In comparing these works, I reflect on questions crucial to the testimony of violence, such as the difficulty of its symbolization and the importance of the construction of memory and of the differential repetition through writing.

7. Da esquizofrenia à antropofagia: leituras da história - Honesko, Vinícius Nicastro
From the confluence of readings, which in principle would be called disparate, the present essay intents to expose a zone of threshold among the proposes of Aby Warburg, in his The Ritual of the Serpent, going over the readings of the dialectical images in Benjamin, to the problem of the signatures in Foucault, until the conception of anthropophagy of Oswald de Andrade. In a very first moment, some analyses about the conception of symbol in Warburg and the compositional mode of his Mnemosyne are exposed. Then, an exposition of Benjamin ?s theorizations about the dialectics images is done, always using...

8. História política e cultura do medo - Torres Montenegro, Antonio
This article reflects my journey of historical research in the last six years, and privilege issues that I consider it relevant in productions made in articles and book chapters. The objective in choosing this path is to reflect and map the theoretical and methodological shifts, the learning, considering the contributions of various authors, the challenges and crossroads, the dialogue with historiography in general and specific level. Methodological reflections were constructed in a dialogue with the newspaper, documents of DOPS, the chap-book in addition to oral reports of memory for the political events of the 1950s and 1960s.

9. “Yo iba a Auschwitz pero ya no”. El comprador de aniversarios de Adolfo García Ortega y las posibilidades de acercarnos a la Historia desde la (meta)ficción - Romeu Guallart, Luis María
Several theories on the Postmodernity have denied the absolute speeches that were establishing the Occidental Civilization. This way, the same History and his its traditional relation with novel is being questioned and there arise voices that claim the possibilities of the fiction to speak about the reality. Already, they will not do this from the veracity of the historical information but from the "ethics"; it is the Postmodern Realism. El comprador de aniversarios de Adolfo García Ortega takes part of these poetics recovering the real and literary figure of Hurbinek, a child murdered in Auschvitz, to whom he plays at...

10. Aprender la historia de Cuba: los recuerdos de un esclavo centenario - Fiorani, Flavio
Miguel Barnet's Biografía de un cimarrón is a paradigmatic example of mediate testimonial discourse aiming to rescue the voice of the oppressed and to be the conscience of a new cultural identity supported by the voice of Esteban Montejo. If on one hand testimony helps establish a memory that can not be consoled with the ambiguities of novelistic fiction, on the other, Barnet 'the manager' organized a narrative that aligns the past to present. Education on slavery, the story and its subjective nature have to structure a social identity which in turn is enclosed within a historical continuity that gives...

11. Las “Historias ilustrativas de la violencia” de Edilberto Jiménez: narrativa, testimonio y memoria - Cairati, Elisa
This work aims to analyse the cultural contents and aesthetic position of Edilberto Jiménez Quispe’s illustrations of the age of violence, presented in Chungui: violencia y trazos de memoria (Lima, 2009). Jiménez, through the plastic and figurative traditional style, makes public the concealed and denied memory of the Internal Armed Conflict. The combination of testimonies and paintings is concerned as an emotional significance of memory: a space of re-established dialogue after the age of violence, in the direction of the elaboration of identity in the region of Ayacucho.

12. Las historias que contamos - Soto, Fernanda
Since 1990, with the end of the Sandinista Revolution, in Nicaragua have been elaborated different public memories of that process. The revolution’s hegemonic memory within sandinismo has been forged by the FSLN. This collective memory defines the personal narratives of many Sandinistas, but not all of its content. The article describes how a group of Sandinista peasants, in the old agrarian frontier of the country, remembers the revolutionary past. The purpose is to show how they participate in the elaboration and reproduction of that political feat’s oral archive by choosing what and how to remember of that process, depending on...

13. Paisagens interiores: representações do norte do Brasil na viagem de Rocha Pombo - Lima da Silva, Alexandra
This article proposes to analyze the travel that Rocha Pombo held to the north of Brazil, in 1917. Seeks to understand the crossing as a watershed in the trajectory of the traveller, both in the possible revision of their writing, as well as in the struggle for legitimacy as an author. Born in 1857 in Morretes, Paraná State, José Francisco da Rocha Pombo selected, as themes of his narrative, cities, landscapes, histories and people of the eleven states visited in five months of travelling. Thus, the encounter of a man from the south with the north area of Brazil approached...

14. Descolonizar la descolonización mediante la didáctica integrada de historia y lengua - Pozzo, María Isabel; Theiner, Irene
The article reflects on the concepts of nation and culture and its impact on history and foreign language teaching. Then we construct a mixed conceptual framework from Content and Language Integrated Approach and Intercultural Communicative Competence. After the theoretical considerations, we present a class unit for Spanish-as-a-Foreign-Language students about the meeting between San Martin and Bolivar. From this unit we wish to "decolonize" decolonization treatment and suggest guidelines for new teaching approaches. 

15. De Gonzaga para Londres: etnicidade e preconceito na historia de Jean Charles de Menezes - Assis, Glaucia de Oliveira
Este artigo busca reconstruir a experiência de brasileiros em Londres a partir do caso de Jean Charles de Menezes que partiu de Gonzaga Minas Gerais e emigrou para Londres e morreu em julho de 2005, “confundido” com um terrorista. A sua trajetória de vida foi reconstruída a partir dos relatos de seus familiares bem como a partir das notícias nos jornais nacionais e internacionais, procurando discutir como a sua vida e morte dramática pode nos ajudar a compreender as trajetórias dos emigrantes brasileiros e os contextos de preconceito e discriminação na sociedade de acolhimento.

16. Literatura en América Latina: la historia no escrita - García Ramos, Juan Manuel

17. Productividad horas–médicos en las Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos Pediátricos y Neonatales - Paredes, Angilberto; Merlo Faella, Oscar; González, Gladys
El objetivo de Cuidados Intensivos es reducir mortalidad y secuelas de pacientes graves, con recursos de infraestructura, equipamientos y profesionales con experiencia y preparación para enfrentar alteraciones cambiantes y amenazantes. Ello consume tiempo. Se conocen los de sala general y consultas, no así en cuidados intensivos.Conocerlos, permitirá calcular y optimizar recursos de médicos.MATERIAL Y METODOS: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, prospectivo, corte transversal, no probabilístico, casos consecutivos.Variables: tiempos de revisión de historia clínica, examen físico, radiografías, instrucción de residentes y enfermeras.Fueron incluídos Intensivistas y Neonatólogos.Estudio piloto previo calculó tamaño muestral: 425 minutos. Análisis con EpiInfo 6.04 RESULTADOS: Fueron 657 minutos (357 UCIN y...

18. Morbimortalidad Neonatal en tres centros hospitalarios de referencia: Análisis de los indicadores neonatales del Sistema Informático Perinatal - Mendieta, Elvira; Bataglia, V.; Mir, Ramón; Céspedes, Elizabeth; Martínez Cervell, C.; Caballero, C
Introducción:La calidad de atención de los servicios de salud se sustenta en el reconocimiento de las características de la población asistida, pudiéndose así definir y categorizar los problemas en los diferentes puestos de atención. Es fundamental tener información precisa y oportuna para la toma de decisiones.Objetivos: Conocer las características de la población neonatal en tres centros de referencia  nacional e identificar los factores de riesgo asociados a morbimortalidad de los recién nacidos (RN). Facilitar la orientación de estrategias tendientes a mejorar la salud perinatal en estos servicios.Material y Métodos: Diseño observacional y analítico de los registros neonatales del Sistema Informático Perinatal de...

19. Características de los accidentes cerebrovasculares (ACV) en niños - Nunes, T.; Recalde, L.; Espinola de Canata, Miriam
  Introducción: Los ACV, son considerados un suceso raro en la infancia, con fisiopatología, evolución y tratamiento aún discutidos. Pueden ser hemorrágicos o isquémicos. El brusco comienzo de una hemiplejía aguda, frecuentemente acompañado de convulsiones y alteración de la conciencia, en un niño previamente sano es orientador de ACV. La incidencia es de 2,5 a 4,5/100000 al año.Objetivo: Presentar las características de los ACV en la población infantil del HC-IPS de julio 2004 a julio 2006.Materiales y Métodos: Es un estudio retrospectivo con revisión de historias clínicas de pacientes con diagnóstico de ACV ingresados a sala de neuropediatría en el periodo...

20. Huevos infectivos de Toxocara, en arenas de plazas y parques de Asunción, Paraguay - Canese, Andrés; Dominguez, Rubén; Otto, Christian; Ocampos, Carlos; Mendonca, Estela
Los vermes del género Toxocara pertenecen a la familia Ascaridae, siendo los agentes patógenos más importantes para el hombre T. canis y T. cati, productores de larva migrante visceral (LMV). Las larvas de Toxocara fueron identificadas por primera vez por Beaver, en 1952, en una biopsia de hígado de un niño de 2 años, acompañado por hepatomegalia y eosinofilia. El cuadro de LMV ocurre principalmente en niños de 1 a 5 años, con una historia de consumo de suelos (geofagia), contaminados con heces de caninos o felinos infectados. Los hallazgos clínicos pueden incluir marcada eosinofilia, hepatomegalia, neumonitis transitoria e hipergammaglubulinemia.   ...

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