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Nomenclatura Unesco > (55) Historia

Mostrando recursos 108,521 - 108,540 de 164,107

108521. O amendoim contador de história. - FREITAS, F. de O.; PEÑALOZA, A. del P.; VALLS, J. F. M.
Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária

108522. Reconstruindo a história de clones elite de Eucalyptus no Brasil com base em SNPs, microssatélites e morfometria. - VIEIRA, M. C.; PÁDUA, J. G.; MISSIAGGIA, A. A.; GRATTAPAGLIA, D.
Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária

108523. Prelúdio para uma história - ciência e tecnologia no Brasil. - MARTINS, M.A.G.
É sobre o binômio C&T, constituído por essas duas culturas "tão mal compreendidas, distantes e estranhas do imaginário da sociedade brasileira" - ciência e tecnologia - que as páginas da obra, organizada por Shozo Motoyama2, se concentram. Malgrado a pouca atenção dispensada por parte dos governantes e da sociedade em geral, ciência e tecnologia permeiam a trajetória histórica do País ao longo dos últimos cinco séculos, inclusive como fator determinante dos rumos dessa trajetória, em alguns momentos decisivos. O livro resgata estes e outros momentos, numa narrativa fluente e rica em dados de pesquisa. O texto é bem escrito e,...

108524. Indústria de tabaco, tabagismo e meio ambiente: as redes ante os riscos. - BOEIRA, S.L.; GUIVANI, J.S.
Neste artigo analisamos as estratégias da indústria de tabaco e os dilemas dos setores que criticam tais estratégias ou buscam alternativas ao tabagismo e à cultura do fumo. O trabalho discute, de um ponto de vista socioambiental, inter e transdisciplinar, a história da produção, da industrialização e do consumo dos derivados de tabaco, detendo-se especialmente na teoria dos riscos, além de apresentar o ponto de vista epidemiológico e biomédico. Na análise, propõem-se dois conceitos operacionais: o de rede estratégica e o de rede multifragmentária ou antifumo.

108525. Transformações da agricultura brasileira e pesquisa agropecuária. - ALVES, E.; CONTINI, E.; HAINZELIN, E.
A partir dos anos 50, a agricultura brasileira viveu um período de intensa modernização, associada à industrialização e à urbanização do País. Mesmo que o aumento da produção de muitas culturas se vinculasse à conquista de novos espaços, como os cerrados, é notável o fato de o Brasil ter se tornado, nos últimos 20 anos, um dos principais produtores e exportadores de produtos agrícolas do mundo, graças ao aumento da produtividade. Uma grande parte das propriedades agrícolas ficou, no entanto, à margem desse processo de modernização, em particular as situadas nas Regiões Norte e Nordeste. A análise da renda auferida...

108526. Isolamento de fungos degradadores de carbendazim. - SILVA, C.M.M. de S.; MELO, I.S. de; MAIA, A. de H.N.; ABAKERLI, R. B.
Os fungicidas sistemicos do grupo dos benzimidazois sao amplamente utilizados no controle de muitas doencas de plantas, tanto no solo como na parte aerea, e isso tem sido causa de contaminacao ambiental. A acao de alguns microorganismos contribui para degradacao e perda da atividade biologica desses fungicidas, podendo reduzir, dessa forma, o risco de impactos negativos. O objetivo deste trabalho foi selecionar fungos com potencial para degradar benomil e seu produto de hidrolise, carbendazim, e quantificar o potencial de degradacao. Fungos foram isolados de tres diferentes solos da regiao de agricultura irrigada do municipio de Guaira, SP, com historio de...

108527. Análisis de la dinámica estratégica del Grupo Empresarial Antioqueño en los últimos 30 años (1978-2008)
La perdurabilidad empresarial es un tema complejo y de vital importancia para las empresas, dado que todos los esfuerzos administrativos y operativos tienen como fin la trascendencia en el tiempo. En la historia empresarial Colombiana, pocas empresas han logrado superar los cambios del entorno a través del tiempo. El GEA (Grupo Empresarial Antioqueño), es uno de los grupos económicos colombianos que ha logrado sortear los cambios del tiempo con éxito. Con más de treinta años de trayectoria, el grupo económico ha logrado consolidar cada una de sus compañías, tanto en el mercado nacional como internacional. Sin embargo éste ha sido...

108528. Pensament filosòfic i científic contemporani - Alsina, Pau; Núñez, Francesc; Castilla Cerezo, Antonio; Galán Sánchez, Wenceslao; Garcés Mascareñas, Marina; Sáez Rueda, Luis
L'assignatura Pensament filosòfic i científic contemporani se centra, principalment, en el pensament filosòfic i científic de finals del segle XIX fins a l'actualitat. Es posarà especial atenció en els problemes filosòfics i científics clau que articulen aquest període de la història, procurant establir un diàleg entre els diferents pensadors i escoles implicades. Emfatitzarem alhora la relació crítica existent amb la modernitat posada en qüestió o transformada en noves aportacions des de les diferents vessants filosòfiques tradicionalment confrontades. Se cercarà emfatitzar la vitalitat de la filosofia en la seva relació amb la nostra contemporaneïtat, amb els problemes de la nostra actualitat...

108529. Life histories of female American mastodons (Mammut americanum): Evidence from tusk morphology, stable isotope records, and growth increments. - Smith, Kathlyn Mai
Proboscidean tusks (hypertrophic incisors) are excellent sources of paleoecological data because they grow continuously by accretion. This allows for tracking of changes in morphology, stable isotope composition, and growth rate throughout an individual’s life. Tusks can provide evidence of sex, age, and season and cause of death, as well as the timing of life events (e.g., maturation). Here, analyses of tusk morphology, stable isotope composition (oxygen, carbon, and nitrogen), and growth increments are used to characterize the lives and circumstances surrounding the deaths of female American mastodons (Mammut americanum) from the latest Pleistocene in North America. Female mastodons are less...

108530. Do ataque de nervios and padecer de nervios function as culture-bound syndromes and markers of distress among Mexican immigrant mothers? A mixed method analysis. - Alcántara, Carmela
Ataque de nervios (ATQ) and padecer de nervios (PNRV) are considered culture-bound syndromes with overlapping symptoms of anxiety, depression, and dissociation that are popularly endorsed among Latina/os from Latin America and the Caribbean. ATQs are acute experiences involving both typical and atypical panic symptoms, whereas PNRV appears to be a diffuse descriptor of nonspecific distress. These affective illnesses have inconsistent associations with mood and anxiety disorders, and vary in function and phenomenology by Latina/o ethnic group. Some researchers suggest that level of acculturation may be the most significant indicator of a tendency to present with ATQ/PNRV, but few empirical studies...

108531. Transcultural Intertextuality: Reading Asian North American Poetry. - Mai, Xiwen
Studying Asian North American poetry since the 1960s, this dissertation defines “transcultural intertextuality” as a border-crossing practice that engages with multiple histories and interweaves elements from a wide range of cultural and literary traditions. Specifically, I read four poets—Agha Shahid Ali, Kimiko Hahn, Fred Wah, and Theresa Hak Kyung Cha—and argue that studying this practice expands the scope of Asian North American literary criticism, as it urges us to rethink ethnicity beyond domestic boundaries of the nation. Analyzing the poets in various intertextual relationships, this study demonstrates how poetic analysis can enhance our understanding of the transcultural impulse of Asian...

108532. Politics and Morality during the Ming-Qing Dynastic Transition (1570-1670). - Zhang, Ying
This study explores the significance of moral issues in shaping literati-officials’ political struggles and behaviors during the Ming-Qing dynastic transition (roughly from 1570 to 1670). Focusing on four literati-officials (Li Zhi, Zheng Man, Huang Daozhou, and Gong Dingzi) and women in their lives, it highlights how the Confucian ideal of the literati official was strained during a time of intense factionalism and loyalism, and the ways in which moral discourse about personal behavior was deployed for political purposes. The roles and responsibilities laid out by the Five Cardinal Relations (wulun) were utilized by literati-officials during this dynastic transition to define...

108533. Support for the Challenge Hypothesis in wild, adult male chacma baboons (Papio ursinus). - Liberman, Shayna

108534. Exile & Utopia - Johnson-Ortiz, Aaron
The ampersand between the terms “exile” and “utopia” transforms a feeling of loss of home into a hope for a better world. That is the general trajectory of my illustrated book, Exile & Utopia, which traces a group of Mexican revolutionary journalists in the early twentieth century (1904-1906) as they flee repression and surveillance through Mexico, the US, and Canada, and attempt to organize an (ultimately failed) revolution. In the lead-up to the centennial of the Mexican Revolution of 1910, I re-traced this transnational precursor movement, and with my book I challenge the circumscriptive character of national histories, as well...

108535. Museums, Histories and the Dilemmas of Change in Post-Apartheid South Africa - Witz, Leslie
The University of Michigan Museum Studies Program’s series of “Working Papers in Museum Studies” presents emerging research from a variety of disciplinary perspectives, all focused on the multiple concerns of the modern museum and heritage studies field. Contributions from scholars, members of the museum profession and graduate students are represented. Many of these papers have their origins in public presentations made under the auspices of the Museum Studies Program. We gratefully thank the authors published herein for their participation.

108536. Governing Rights in La Reunion: Social Legislation, Landholding, Housing and the Making of France in the Indian Ocean, 1946-2009. - Finch, Heloise Christiana
The study of governance is often divided between formal state institutions and informal types of authority. Some scholars focus on state institutions: engineers, bureaucrats and politicians. Others study so-called “traditional” authority: landed relations and family networks, usually seen as motors for corrupting state resources. Instead of such divisions, this dissertation examines how different modes of governance interacted, to rethink conventional understandings of how state authority works. The peculiar modern history of Réunion Island – a sugar-growing French colony in the Indian Ocean whose multiracial inhabitants were French citizens from 1870, which became a French Department in 1946, and is now...

108537. Searches for Dark Matter. - Phalen, Daniel James
We examine indirect detection for neutralino dark matter. After a brief review of cosmic ray propagation, we discuss signals for positrons, antiprotons, synchrotron radiation and gamma rays from wino annihilation in the galactic halo. The PAMELA data may admit an interpretation as a signal from a wino-like LSP of mass about 200 GeV, normalized to the local relic density, and annihilating mainly into W-bosons. This possibility requires the current conventional estimate for the energy loss rate of positrons be too large by roughly a factor of five. Data from anti-protons and gamma rays also provide tension with this interpretation, but there are significant astrophysical uncertainties associated with each....

108538. The Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS): How Can We Improve the Care of Hemodialysis Patients? - Goodkin, David A.; Mapes, Donna L.; Held, Philip J.
Outcomes among dialysis patients vary considerably internationally and across regions within the United States. The Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) is a large, prospective, observational study of representative samples of hemodialysis patients in France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The DOPPS collects a wealth of data regarding the patients' demographic characteristics, medical histories, laboratory values, prescriptions, dialysis unit practices, and outcomes. The study seeks to clarify which dialysis practices contribute to improved mortality rates, hospitalization rates, health related quality of life, and vascular access outcomes, after adjusting for the effects of comorbid...

108539. Marxism, Sarcasm, Ethnography: Geographical Fieldnotes from South India - Chari, Sharad
This paper addresses questions of ethnography in geographic fieldwork through research conducted on globalisation and work in Tiruppur, an industrial boomtown in South India. During the last two decades of the twentieth century, Tiruppur town in western Tamilnad State became India's centrepiece in the export of garments made of knitted cloth. This industrial boom has been organised through networks of small firms integrated through intricate subcontracting arrangements controlled by local capital of Gounders from modest agrarian and working-class origins. In effect, the whole town works like a decentralised factory for the global economy, but with local capital of peasant-worker origins...

108540. A BIOLOGICAL INTERPRETATION OF MORAL SYSTEMS - Alexander, Richard D.
Moral systems are described as systems of indirect reciprocity, existing because of histories of conflicts of interest and arising as outcomes of the complexity of social interactions in groups of long-lived individuals with varying conflicts and confluences of interest and indefinitely iterated social interactions. Although morality is commonly defined as involving justice for all people, or consistency in the social treatment of all humans, it may have arisen for immoral reasons, as a force leading to cohesiveness within human groups but specifically excluding and directed against other human groups with different interests.

 

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