Effect of drought on small businesses in regional Queensland : implications for sustainable regional development
- Miles, Robert.; Hyland, P. (Paul); Soosay, Claudine.; Greer, Lindsay.; O'Dea, Grant.; Alcock, Daryl.; Kinnear, Susan Heather White.
Drought is a common occurrence in regional Australia and one that is predicted to increase in frequency and severity under climate change (IPCC 2007). While many regard drought as an integral part of doing business in rural and regional areas very little research has been done on the impact of drought on the SME or how this affects the sustainability of these businesses and the communities in which they support. In most small rural communities it is the SME’s that underpin the regional economies. Hence their viability is often regarded as a prerequisite to the future vitality of many rural...
Miracles, Early Modern Science, and Rational Religion
- Harrison, Peter
[Introduction]: Readers of the New Testament could be excused for thinking that there is little consistency in the manner in which miracles are represented in the Gospels. Those events typically identified as miracles are variously described as "signs" (semeia), "wonders" (terata), "mighty works" (dunameis), and, on occasion, simply "works" (erga). (1) The absence of a distinct terminology for the miraculous suggests that the authors of the Gospels were not working with a formal conception of "miracle" - at least not in that Humean sense of a "contravention of the laws of nature," familiar to modern readers. (2) Neither is there...
Experiential analogies and hypnotherapy
- Barling, Norman R.
This paper discusses the therapeutic use of experiential analogies with clients in a hypnotic trance. The argument that experiential analogies can facilitate powerful therapeutic outcomes, especially when they are paired with multi-sensory suggestions, is developed. Two case histories are elaborated on to exemplify the creative use of experiential analogies with multi-sensory suggestions.
Luminous red galaxies in hierarchical cosmologies
- Almeida, C.; Baugh, C.M.; Wake, D.A.; Lacey, C.G.; Benson, A.J.; Bower, R.G.; Pimbblet, K.A.
Luminous red galaxies (LRGs) are much rarer and more massive than L* galaxies. Coupled with their extreme colours, LRGs therefore provide a demanding testing ground for the physics of massive galaxy formation. We present the first self-consistent predictions for the abundance and properties of LRGs in hierarchical structure formation models. We test two published models which use quite different mechanisms to suppress the formation of massive galaxies: the Bower et al. model which invokes 'active galactic nuclei (AGN) feedback' to prevent gas from cooling in massive haloes and the Baugh et al. model which relies upon a 'superwind' to eject...
ROWLEY REVIEW. Bird migration in the southern hemisphere: a review comparing continents
- Dingle, H.
To broaden perspectives and stimulate research on migration, I survey the bird species that breed in the northern hemisphere and migrate to the southern hemisphere and species that migrate within the southern hemisphere, comparing routes, seasonal patterns and life histories. Differences in the area and latitudinal extent of land masses on the two sides of the Equator influence patterns of bird migration. In contrast to birds breeding in the northern hemisphere, no land or freshwater birds breeding in the southern hemisphere migrate between continents and only a very few cross the Equator. Furthermore, except for shorebirds, few northern intercontinental migrants...
Metastable persistence of pelitic metamorphic assemblages at the root of a Cretaceous magmatic arc – Fiordland, New Zealand
- Daczko, NR; Milan, LA; Halpin, JA
Four aluminosilicate-bearing, amphibolite facies pelitic schists sampled from the root of the long-lived eastern Gondwana continental magmatic arc now exposed in southwest Fiordland, New Zealand, record remarkably different P–T–t histories. The four samples were collected from within 20 km of each other within the Fanny Bay Group and Deep Cove Gneiss near Dusky Sound. Integrated petrography, mineral chemistry, mineral equilibria modelling and in situ electron microprobe chemical dating of monazite shows that the sample of the Fanny Bay Group south of the Dusky Fault records a Carboniferous history with peak conditions of 4–4.5 kbar at 570–590 ºC, while one sample...
Relational perspectives: a visual investigation into social and cultural relationships with place
- Newitt, James
This project uses visual art to investigate the relationships between people and place. Here I investigate social engagement as a form of production within contemporary art practice and seek to expand on aspects of Nicolas Bourriaud’s Relational Aesthetics and Hal Foster’s essay on the ‘Artist as Ethnographer’. While Relational Aesthetics discusses the capacity for artworks to explore connections between people, this project focuses on a situational aesthetic to investigate connections between people and place. The project’s concern with defining a situational aesthetic is informed by the practices of a number of contemporary artists who, working since the early 1990s, construct...
'This Guy is Japanese Stuck in a White Man's Body': A Discussion of Meaning Making, Identity Slippage, and Cross-cultural Adaptation
- Armour, William Spencer, Languages & Linguistics, Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences, UNSW
This paper addresses two issues within a general theory of cross-cultural adaptation. The first concerns the extent to which cross-cultural adaptation is activated by the ability to make meaning in Japanese as a foreign language. The second investigates the phenomenon of 'identity slippage'. Six life histories taken from informants who had learned Japanese after the age of 11 years have been used as narratives to provide qualitative date to shed light on issues concerning additional language development, and especially some of the consequences of learning Japanese on each informant's sense of self. It was found that making and interpreting meaning...
'Nihonjin no yoo to omoimashita' (I think I'm like a Japanese): Additional Language Learning and the Development of Multiple Selves
- Armour, William Spencer, Languages & Linguistics, Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences, UNSW
This paper addresses the questions of how and what kinds of multiple self-presentations may inhabit the same narrative space. I draw on two types of data, both of which highlight changes that have occurred to individuals who have learned another language. By foregrounding the topical life histories of two Anglo-Celt Australians who have learned Japanese as an additional language after the age of 11 years, it was possible to investigate: (i) the extent to which multiple self-presentations are 'scaffolded' by the ability to make meaning in Japanese as an additional language; and (ii) the process of 'identity slippage' as part...
Redefining the beginnings of social work in Australia
- McMahon, Anthony
Australian social work lacks a reading of its history that places it within the social reforms and movements of the 19th and early 20th centuries, unlike histories of American and British social work. The effect of this has been to ignore social activists, particularly women who pre-date professional social work and religious women, in the few social welfare histories written about Australia. This paper sets out the parameters for a (re)reading of 19th and early 20th century Australian social welfare activism as proto-social work practice. The paper challenges the generally conservative interpretation of the beginnings of social work in Australia...
Does total reproductive effort evolve independently of offspring size?
- Caley, M. Julian; Schwarzkopf, Lin; Shine, Richard
In all species, patterns of reproductive allocation have important fitness consequences and therefore important implications for life-history evolution. Nearly universally, theory in this field has modeled as independent the evolution of total allocation to offspring and the subsequent division of this allocation into many small versus few large offspring. Yet, some theory and a very small amount of experimental evidence suggest that these life-history traits may be evolutionarily linked. Using comparative analyses of copepod life histories, we illustrate that rather than being evolutionarily independent these traits can be linked, in this case, across a very large clade of invertebrates. Our...
Prolonged Acadian orogenesis: Revelations from foliation intersection axis (FIA) controlled monazite dating of foliations in porphyroblasts and matrix
- Bell, Tim H; Welch, Peter W
Numerous phases of garnet growth are revealed by detailed studies of foliation inflection/intersection axes preserved in porphyroblasts (FIAs) in Acadian metamorphic rocks in the Chester Dome region of Vermont, U.S.A.. A regionally consistent succession of four different FIA tends in garnet porphyroblasts has been dated by analyzing monazite inclusions with an electron microprobe. These monazite inclusions, which lie within the various foliations that define the FIAs, provide absolute ages for multiple periods of deformation and episodic phases of garnet growth. The monazite inclusions reveal a progression in foliation ages from 431±2 to 349±3 million years within porphyroblasts and from 366±3...
Indigenous suicide in Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the United States: A review
- Hunter, E; Harvey, D
This paper reviews literature on self-harm and suicide among Indigenous populations in four nations with histories of British colonisation, with a more detailed exploration of patterns and primary care considerations in Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations. Issues of definition, under-reporting, lack of reporting, varying coronial practices and the influence of race on investigative procedures make comparisons of suicide rates among indigenous populations problematic. However, international interpretations highlight the impact of the breakdown of cultural structures and historical processes associated with colonisation . Recent studies suggest that the predisposition to suicide by vulnerable young people is influenced not only...
Larval growth predicts the recruitment success of a coral reef fish
- Bergenius, Mikaela AJ; Meekan, Mark G; Robertson, D Ross; McCormick, Mark I
While growth rates of pelagic larvae have been argued to be one of the principal determinants of the recruitment success of temperate marine fishes, it is not known if this is the case in the tropics. Here, we use larval growth histories derived from otoliths of a Caribbean reef fish to show that monthly variation in the intensity of settlement and recruitment of pelagic juveniles onto reefs is positively correlated with variation in growth rates 1–2 weeks after larvae begin feeding. Our results suggest that the processes thought to underlie recruitment of marine fishes in temperate regions may also operate...
Mosaics of canopy openness induced by tropical cyclones in lowland rain forests with contrasting management histories in northeastern Australia
- Grove, Simon J.; Turton, Stephen M.; Siegenthaler, Danny T.
Tropical Cyclone `Rona' crossed the coast of the Daintree lowlands of northeastern Australia in 1999. This study reports on its impact on forest canopy openness at six lowland rain forest sites with contrasting management histories (old-growth, selectively logged and regrowth). Percentage canopy openness was calculated from individual hemispherical photographs taken from marked points below the forest canopy at nine plots per site 3±4 mo before the cyclone, and at the same points a month afterwards. Before the cyclone, when nine sites were visited, canopy openness in old-growth and logged sites was similar, but signi®cantly higher in regrowth forest. After the...
Evolutionary relationships between trematodes and snails emphasizing schistosomes and paragonimids
- Blair, D; Davis, GM; Wu, B
Snails and digeneans have been associated for at least 200 million years. Their inter-relationships over such a time-span must have been complex and varied. Few studies have attempted to explore these relationships in the light of knowledge of the phylogeny of both host and parasite groups. Here we focus on two important families of digeneans, the Schistosomatidae and the Paragonimidae, for which molecular phylogenies are available. We investigate the types of evolutionary relationships between host and parasite, operating at different phylogenetic depths, that might explain current host speci®city and distributions of both associates. Both families of parasites utilise a number...
A cause for animation : Harry Reade and Cuban revolution
- Bannah, Maxwell Joseph
This monographic study examines the life of the Australian artist Harry Reade (1927-1998), and his largely overlooked contribution to animation within historical, social, political and cultural contexts of his time. The project constitutes a biography of Reade, tracing his life from his birth in 1927 through to his period of involvement with animation between 1956 and 1969. The biography examines the forces that shaped Reade and the ways in which he tried to shape his world through the medium of animation. It chronicles his experiences as a child living in impoverished conditions during the Great Depression, his early working life,...
Emerging trends in contemporary festival practice
- Seffrin, Georgia Karolina
The Festival is a form that transcends cultures, histories and regimes. It is a construct that has been utilised in a variety of ways, for a variety of purposes, but its raison d'etre is always community, sometimes as celebrated from a popularist level, at other points manipulated by the wielders of power. In its modern context, the festival has similarly been deployed as either a means of celebrating a sense of local community, or embraced by governments as a symbol of sophisticated cosmopolitanism. This research aims to contextualise a particular kind of festival practice within both an historical and contemporary...
Stealing a car to be a man : the importance of cars and driving in the gender identity of adolescent males
- Williams, Clive Kenneth
Nationally vehicle theft is associated with approximately 40 fatalities per year with an estimated annual cost of one billion dollars. During 2000 - 2001 almost 139,000 motor vehicles (cars, motor cycles, campervans, and trucks) were stolen across Australia. Vehicle theft is an overwhelmingly adolescent male crime yet gender has not been considered in either policy or program initiatives.----- This thesis used Spence's Multifactorial Gender Identity theory to examine the relationships between vehicle theft, offending, and adolescent male gender identity. Four central research questions were posed:----- 1. Is vehicle theft a gendered behaviour, that is, do some adolescent males engage in...
The space of editing : playing with difference in art, film and writing
- Stevens, Grant William
This research project explores the creative and critical functions of editing in art, film and writing. The written component analyses the histories and discourses of 'cutting and splicing' to examine their various roles in processes of signification. The artistic practice uses more speculative and open-ended methods to explore the social 'languages' that inform our inter-subjective experiences. This project argues that editing is a creative methodology for making meaning, because it allows existing symbolic systems to be appropriated, revised and rewritten. By emphasising the operations of spacing, questioning and play, it also identifies editing as an essential tool for critically engaging...