Beyond the born global : understanding the internationalisation process of biotechnology ventures.
- Hewerdine, Lisa Jane
The past decade has seen a surge of interest in ‘born global’ firms which internationalise rapidly following their inception. While born global internationalisation paths are commonly associated with high tech firms, there has been some limited research suggesting that biotech ventures do not fit this model. My aim, therefore, was to contribute to international business research by investigating whether biotech firms internationalise as is suggested by born global scholars. Accordingly, my research focused on examining how the internationalisation of these small firms with radical innovations might best be explained. My research proceeded by means of a comparative case study of...
Monogeneans of the Southern Fiddler Ray, Trygonorrhina Fasciata (Rhinobatidae) in South Australia: an exceptional model to compare parasite life history traits, invasion strategies and host specificity.
- Glennon, Vanessa
Trygonorrhina fasciata (Rhinobatidae) specimens naturally infected by three monogenean species were captured and maintained in marine aquaria to promote a continuous parasite load. Monogenean eggs recovered from aquaria provided larvae for descriptions and life history experiments. I describe the adult, larva and post-larval development of a new species of hexabothriid, Branchotenthes octohamatus, from the gills. This is the first monogenean larva described with only eight hooklets. This character may be useful to help resolve problematic relationships within the Hexabothriidae and offers insight into more general hypotheses about relationships within the Monogenea. I also redescribe the adult of Calicotyle australis (Monocotylidae)...
A limited study of mechanical intelligence as media
- Middleton, Steven Anthony
The project investigates mathematics, informatics, statistical analysis and their histories, the history of human engagement with machines, and illustrates some uses of artificial intelligence and robotic technologies as media. It is concerned with, amongst other issues, the sentient and not sentient binaries offered in discourses on machine intelligence. The term intelligence is used to distinguish between human and not human. However, a non-human, the intelligent machine, has become incorporated into the processes by which our culture defines intelligence. Those processes were explored in phases of the project that focused upon various kinds of interactions between people and machines, particularly the...
Missing Links - Evolutionary theory as a model and scientific intervention as a strategy for artistic process and production
- Summers, Fleur Elizabeth
Missing Links explores relationships between objects. It is an empirical exercise in equivalence and divergence, an experiment in the visual nomenclature of enumeration and classification and a dissertation on the materiality of the construction of systems of thought. It is concerned with the manufacture and production of particular histories through the formal analysis of fifty specimens. The specimens, or objects, under investigation are constructed from recycled corrugated cardboard, water-activated brown tape and hot glue. These materials are transformed and renewed through a series of repetitive processes and activities including cutting, slicing, rolling, joining, gluing
The material is receptive and provisional in...
Vidgets: The Development and Use of Interactive, Network Based Video Works
- Wolf, David Peter
This exegesis looks at interactive, network based video through the development and use of experimental works. The works are described in terms of the concepts, techniques and theories explored and their implications for future works and theory. It documents the formal and technical experiments which were used to investigate the affordances of network based video for real time interaction, and tracks the development of vidgets as audio-visual tools and instruments as they increased in complexity and function, finally being specifically designed for use in live audiovisual (VJ) performances. It explains how ideas originating from the histories of sound art and...
Girls, Empowerment and Education: a History of the Mac. Robertson Girls' High School 1905-2005
- Parker, Pauline Frances
Despite the considerable significance of publicly funded education in the making of Australian society, state school histories are few in number. In comparison, most corporate and private schools have cemented their sense of community and tradition through full-length publications. This history attempts to redress this imbalance. It is an important social history because this school, Mac.Robertson Girls' High School can trace its origins back to 1905, to the very beginnings of state secondary education when the Melbourne Continuation School (MCS), later Melbourne High School (MHS) and Melbourne Girls' high School (MGHS) was established. Since it is now recognised that there...
The Auckland suburbs coronary study
- Fraser, Gary E.
The Auckland Suburbs Coronary Study is designed to provide information concerning acute coronary events in Auckland. Within New Zealand, information Previously depended on either hospital data or death certificate data. The present study is community based and has provided more extensive information than has previously been available. A random sample of 125 primary care doctors was selected. The patients of these doctors were considered a random sample of the community and formed the study population. The size of this population was estimated using a postal survey, taking names from the electoral roll. A statistical theory is developed to allow a...
Numerical modelling of wave runup on breakwaters
- Palmer, Gavin Noel
The design of rubble mound breakwaters is typically based on empirical formulae and physical modelling. One limitation of this approach is that different aspects of wave interaction with a breakwater, such as the elevation of the runup tip and armour stability, are treated separately. Therefore the development of a numerical model of wave runup on a rubble mound breakwater was the primary objective of the research described in this thesis. Because of the range of slope conditions encountered with rubble mound breakwaters and revetments, two types of armour layer are considered. The first is impermeable and so only the flow...
Labour mobility and economic transformation in Solomon Islands: lusim Choiseul, bae kam baek moa?
- Friesen, Wardlow.
This thesis examines the relationship of labour mobility and socioeconomic transformation in the Solomon Islands, and proposes that one cannot be understood in isolation from the other. Explanation is pursued both at the levels of structure and of agency, and integration of these levels is attempted in some places. This is discussed in the first part of the thesis, within a general discussion of issues of theory and method. The second part of the thesis deals with the structural parameters of labour mobility. Through the twentieth century, the institutions of government, mission and capitalist enterprise have been central in shaping...
Independens long Vanuatu: the churches and politics in a Melanesian nation
- Myers, Michael David
In this dissertation I examine the relationship between the churches and politics in Vanuatu, focusing in particular on the role of the Christian churches in the independence movement of the 1970s. I also look at the political involvement of the churches in the two years immediately following national independence. The dissertation is based on fieldwork in Vanuatu from April 1981 to June 1982. In Chapter I, I introduce and defend my national, institutional perspective on the churches. In Chapter II, I discuss the history of Vanuatu, focusing specifically on the history of the missions up to the end of the...
Cyclic variability in a natural gas fuelled spark ignition engine
- Chanchaona, Somchai
An investigation of cyclic variability in a single-cylinder spark ignition engine fuelled by natural gas was carried out. The effects of combustion chamber shape and compression ratio were examined intensively. Four different combustion chambers were tested and compression ratio was varied in the range of 8.5:1 to 15:1. For each test condition, the in-cylinder pressure data were recorded at each degree of crank angle rotation for a total of two hundred consecutive engine cycles. These pressure-time histories were used for the detailed study of combustion characteristics. The generalized plot of maximum pressure and location at which maximum pressure occurs was...
Aspects of heat transfer to particles in thermal plasma processing
- Wu, Murray Kelvin
Thermal plasma technology is potentially useful for a range of materials processing applications, such as the synthesis of sub-micron, ultra-pure ceramic powders. Thermal plasma reactors are characterised by short residence times (between 10 and 100 ms). Consequently, for chemical reactions to proceed to completion, reactants must be in the gas phase. Reaction rates of solids and liquids are too slow to proceed to any great degree in a thermal plasma, and unvaporised particles can contaminate product material. However, many useful reagents for plasma synthesis are available in particulate form, and thus particles must be completely vaporised if they are to...
From Qing reformer to twentieth-century publisher: the life and times of Zhang Yuanji 1867 – 1959
- Ip, Manying
This thesis examines the role of Zhang Yuanji, both as a liberal patriotic reformer in late Qing and as China's leading publisher after 1900. A historical figure hardly known to the West, Zhang contributed substantially to China's modernization in his quiet pragmatic style. When China was challenged by the imperialist West, the response of the nation's scholar-gentry elite ranged from spirited calls for wholesale westernization to a stubborn clinging to the 'national essence'. Individuals at the extremes of this range have received more attention from historians than the middle-of-the-road group of moderates, who in the twentieth century worked for modernization...
Distribution patterns of fish during the planktonic period of their life history
- Kingsford, Michael John, 1955-
The static and dynamic distribution patterns of ichthyoplankton were investigated over a 4 year period (1981 - 1985) off the coast of Leigh, on the northeastern coast of New Zealand. Emphasis was given to horizontal and vertical distributions, and these were described on scales encompassing broad areas of the outer Hauraki Gulf and smaller areas of 1 - 100m. The ages of these small fish were also investigated by examining daily increments in the otoliths, and this allowed a more complete interpretation of distribution patterns. Sampling that was carried out at different distances from the mainland identified major differences in...
The Function of Reciprocity in the Histories of Herodotus
- Paterson, Daphne
This thesis is an inquiry into the function of reciprocity in the Histories of Herodotus of Halicarnassus. It examines the complex ways in which the historian weaves reciprocity into his stories of kings and tyrants, citizens and slaves, city-states and empires, men and gods. It investigates the way he records relationships of personal, political and religious reciprocity, positive, negative and retaliatory reciprocity to illustrate his themes, explain the cause of events and characterise individuals and city-states. And it explores how he uses language to emphasise the significance of the obligation of reciprocity in his Histories. Herodotus explains the cause of...
The Prophecies of the Great Canyon of Toi: a history of Te Whāiti-nui-a-Toi in the western Urewera Mountains of New Zealand
- Wiri, Robert K.J.
This doctoral thesis is a social history of the lands and people Te Whāiti-nui-a-Toi, also known as The Great Canyon of Toi, a small isolated valley located on the western borders of the Urewera mountains of New Zealand. In the first chapter, the prophecies of the Great Canyon of Toi are revealed which is followed by a discussion of the theoretical model of the thesis in chapter two. In chapter three, an interesting historiography of Te Whāiti-nui-a-Toi and the scholar, Elsdon Best, is presented. These three preliminary chapters set the scene for the three main parts of the thesis. The...
Place as Occupational Histories: Towards an Understanding of Deflated Surface Artefact Distributions in the West Darling, New South Wales, Australia
- Shiner, Justin Ian
This thesis develops theoretical and methodological approaches to the investigation of deflated surface stone artefact scatters beyond those that emphasise synchronic behavioural interpretations. The study is undertaken on Pine Point and Langwell Stations, two adjoining pastoral leases south of Broken Hill in arid Western New South Wales, Australia. The main objective of the study is to investigate long-term accumulated patterns in stone artefact assemblage composition within archaeological deposits with known occupational chronologies. These are derived from the dating of charcoal from heat retainer hearths. It is argued that the Pine Point-Langwell assemblages represent multiple episodes of accumulation over the last...
Marriage, Inheritance, and the Balance of Power in Twelfth-Century England and France
- Diggelmann, Lindsay
This project attempts to chart the importance of the social institutions of marriage and inheritance in giving rise to political change in England and France during the period 1100-1215. It benefits from the study of diverse primary sources that include chronicle histories, legal and financial documents, charters, diplomatic treaties, letters, and contemporary works of imaginative literature. It also takes into account the extensive secondary literature dealing with the period both in the area of historical research and in related fields such as anthropology, political science, and literary criticism. The thesis is broadly divided into two parts, with four chapters devoted...
Learning with new tools
- Coupland, Mary
This thesis uses a theoretical framework derived from activity theory to investigate the introduction of computer algebra systems (CAS) in first year university mathematics subjects. Both qualitative and quantitative data relevant to a case study of a group of approximately one hundred students, and two academics, were collected and analysed using a range of methods. The major question for this study was: What are the socio-cultural dynamics of learning with a new tool? More specifically, there are three questions: first, how do students in a particular context respond to their initial experience with a CAS as part of their first...
A cultural history of cinema-going in the Illawarra (1900-1950)
- Huggett, Nancy
This thesis explores a cultural history of cinema-going in the Illawarra region of New South Wales over the first half of the twentieth century through oral history interviews with cinema-goers of the period. The research was originally intended to explore the Australian cinema industry from a regional perspective. However, while the interviews contained fascinating details and stories of cinema-going in this period, they did not fit seamlessly into existing academic discussions about cinema which often focus on film texts and national cinema industries. Therefore, as well as considering how the oral histories I collected contributed to pre-existing academic discourses about...