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Nomenclatura Unesco > (55) Historia

Mostrando recursos 181 - 200 de 148,876

181. Interactions between maternal effects and dispersal - Mike S. Fowler
Maternal effects and spatial processes are rightly recognised as being of great importance in the life histories of a number of different organisms. Previously, little effort has been made for investigating the potential for changes to arise from interactions between these two crucial processes. Here I tested the outcome of introducing a maternal effect on a population of dispersing organisms in different ways, under both spatially homogeneous and heterogeneous conditions, through novel modification of a well-known population model. First, I proposed that parents contribute a proportion of offspring based on their own developmental experience. This is applied to dispersing organisms...

182. Creation myths of generative grammar, and the mathematics underlying Syntactic Structures∗ - Geoffrey K. Pullum; English Language
SS) inaugurated a fifty-year period during which the great majority of theoretical syntactic inves-tigation done in the USA, and even worldwide, concentrated on a single underlying view of how syntax should be scientifically regarded. In the years after 1957, it was standard to take a sentence to be a sequence of words associated with some kind of description of its structure; to ‘consider a language to be a set (finite or infinite) of sentences, each finite in length and constructed out of a finite set of elements’; and to take a grammar to be ‘a device that generates all of...

183. Marine controlled source electromagnetics: Principles, methodologies, future commercial applications - Nigel Edwards
Abstract. The exploration community, from the earth scientist to the investment manager, has surely recognized the recent surge of interest in the use of controlled source electromagnetics for offshore hydrocarbon detection and assessment. The targets, petroleum, natural gas and gas hydrate, are resistive zones in an otherwise conductive background. I trace the academic and commercial development of marine methods from basic theory through experimental design to the few published relevant exploration case histories.

184. Marine controlled source electromagnetics: Principles, methodologies, future commercial applications - Nigel Edwards
Abstract. The exploration community, from the earth scientist to the investment manager, has surely recognized the recent surge of interest in the use of controlled source electromagnetics for offshore hydrocarbon detection and assessment. The targets, petroleum, natural gas and gas hydrate, are resistive zones in an otherwise conductive background. I trace the academic and commercial development of marine methods from basic theory through experimental design to the few published relevant exploration case histories.

185. Wavelet-based generation of spectrum-compatible time-histories, Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering 22 - Sushovan Mukherjee; Vinay K. Gupta
This paper deals with the well-known problem of generating spectrum-compatible synthetic accelerograms for the linear and non-linear time-history analyses of structural systems. A wavelet-based procedure has been used to decompose a recorded accelerogram into a desired number of time-histories with non-overlapping frequency contents, and then each of the time-histories has been suitably scaled for matching of the response spectrum of the revised accelerogram with a specified design spectrum. The key idea behind this iterative procedure is to modify a recorded accelerogram such that the temporal variations in its frequency content are retained in the synthesized accelerogram. The proposed procedure has...

186. The Bangla Passive in a Minimalist Parser - Tanmoy Bhattacharya
This paper teases out the dynamic character of the usually docile passive construction in Bangla by proposing first that the passive template historically is a result of a certain tension within the body of the clause that can be captured more than adequately using the general prin-ciples (like incorporation, verb-shell configuration, “smuggling”, etc.) of the Principles and Pa-rameters framework. Secondly, it is shown that the structural characteristics of the passive in-vite a computational treatment that emphasizes the basic intuitions of a Minimalist Parser based on the Probe-Goal mechanism of Minimalism. However, in order to make it implement-able, a straightforward borrowing...

187. Historical Literacy: Theory and Research
Abstract This paper will attempt to sketch out an initial and very provisional account of a workable notion of historical literacy. It will draw briefly on some philosophical considerations suggested by among others the work of Bevir, Collingwood, Lorenz, Oakeshott and Rüsen in order to decide what might be usefully included in such a notion. More substantially, it will employ recent empirical research to suggest what an account of historical literacy might need to address. At the very least any useful account ought to pay attention both to students ’ ideas about the discipline of history and to their orientation...

188. AUTOMATIC RELATIONSHIP–HARM ASSOCIATIONS AND INTERPERSONAL TRAUMA INVOLVING CLOSE OTHERS - Anne P. Deprince; Melody D. Combs; Michelle Shanahan; Anne P. Deprince; Department Of Psychology
Women exposed to violence early in life are at risk of revictimization. The interpersonal schema hypothesis of re-victimization proposes that revictimized women will be more likely to hold negative expectations about intimate relationships, including expectations that relationships involve harm, relative to singly or nonvictimized women. To test the interpersonal schema hypothesis, we used the implicit lexical decision task to examine automatic associations between relationship and harm concepts among college women who reported histories of no, single, or multiple types of interpersonal trauma involving close others (e.g., family member, partner). Women exposed to multiple types of interpersonal trauma involving close others...

189. La Murcia recuperada. Breve historia de la investigación arqueológica - Jiménez Castillo, Pedro

190. Rethinking Ethnology in the Spanish Context - Sánchez-Carretero, Cristina; Ortiz García, Carmen
[ES] Este trabajo debate la etnología española y su posición actual en la investigación española. El propósito es examinar las posibles futuras direcciones en este campo. Después de un primer examen de la historia de la etnología en España, cambiamos entonces hacia el examen del papel del etnólogo en las sociedades europeas hoy, así como el concepto de etnología de emergencia. Éste último se refiere a la necesidad de desarrollar herramientas y teorías que permitan a los etnólogos activar mecanismos de respuesta-rápida en crisis o situaciones de emergencia, y en ese sentido o contexto, sirve como una significativa fuerza social.

191. A trajetória da coreógrafa Anett Lubisco : propostas coreográficas de dança jazz - Gagliardi, Priscila Ramos
O presente estudo tem por objetivo investigar a trajetória da coreógrafa Anette Lubisco na dança jazz, analisar seu processo de criação, dando destaque a uma de suas obras coreográficas. O mesmo se caracteriza como uma pesquisa qualitativa com abordagem teórico-metodológica da história oral, tendo como base a entrevista semiestruturada realizada com a coreógrafa e três bailarinas. Os dados coletados foram transformados em registro histórico em prol da preservação da história dessa importante personalidade da dança jazz. Alguns assuntos encontrados nesse trabalho são: o início de sua formação como bailarina, sua carreira como professora e coreógrafa, seus processos de criação, relações...

192. Derecho constitucional y género. Materiales y enseñanza crítica en Teoría del Estado y Derecho constitucional - Esquembre Valdés, María del Mar
El Estudio del derecho constitucional implica el conocimiento crítico de la historia de la humanidad y sus diferentes sistemas de producción. La modernidad donde se asienta el Estado constitucional es el resultado de factores institucionales y socioeconómicos propios del sistema capitalista en cuyo escenario se consolida el sujeto de los derechos. Este sujeto es concebido sobre la base de un individuo de sexo masculino a quien se le imputa derechos y obligaciones y con la exclusión de las mujeres cuya situación en la sociedad responde a una posición de subordinación histórica. Comprender el proceso de construcción del sujeto de los...

193. La UE a través de las TIC: una propuesta didáctica - Gómez Trigueros, Isabel María; Mira Cuenca, María Isabel
Dentro del marco curricular de las enseñanzas medias y del desarrollo de las TIC como herramientas educativas, se ha llevado a cabo una propuesta didáctica dirigida a alumnos de secundaria, en la asignatura de Geografía e Historia, con la intencionalidad de servir como base para sus estudios posteriores universitarios, concretamente estudios de Grado de Magisterio. El objetivo básico de esta propuesta didáctica es la aplicación en las aulas de las TIC. Para su puesta en práctica se ha utilizado una metodología activa partiendo de contenidos históricos, relacionándolos con conocimientos geográficos tales como orientación, localización, etc. Se ha propuesto trabajo en...

194. O Emprego da Artilharia Portuguesa no Teatro Europeu da 1ª Guerra Mundial - Lamas, João
O presente trabalho tem como objetivo caraterizar os Grupos de Baterias de Artilharia que marcaram presença no Teatro de Operações Europeu na região de Flandres, entre 21 de março e 14 de junho de 1918, procurando descrever o seu emprego e doutrina tática vigente e o seu desempenho nas principais operações em que participaram, identificando a tipologia de missões por eles realizadas. Decorridos dois anos após o início do primeiro conflito armado de nível mundial, a cooperação existente entre Portugal e Inglaterra precipita a entrada do nosso país na guerra declarada pelo Império Alemão. As revoluções industriais que antecederam este conflito possibilitaram...

195. Stellar populations in three outer fields of the Large Magellanic Cloud - Geha, Marla C.; Holtzman, Jon A.; Mould, Jeremy R.; Gallagher, John S., III; Watson, Alan M.; Cole, Andrew A.; Grillmair, Carl J.; Stapelfeldt, Karl R.; Ballester, Gilda E.; Burrows, Christopher J.; Clarke, John T.; Crisp, David; Evans, Robin W.; Griffiths, Richard E.; Hester, J. Jeff; Hoessel, John G.; Scowen, Paul A.; Trauger, John T.; Westphal, James A.
We present Hubble Space Telescope photometry for three fields in the outer disk of the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) extending approximately 4 mag below the faintest main-sequence turnoff. We cannot detect any strongly significant differences in the stellar populations of the three fields based on the morphologies of the color-magnitude diagrams, the luminosity functions, and the relative numbers of stars in different evolutionary stages. Our observations therefore suggest similar star formation histories in these regions, although some variations are certainly allowed. The fields are located in two regions of the LMC: one is in the northeast and two are located...

196. A construção narrativa da identidade em jovens adotados : O caso Beno - Vieira, André Guirland; Henriques, Maria Rangel
A adolescência é o momento em que surge a necessidade de construção de uma identidade que permita à pessoa uma relação produtiva com o mundo (Erikson, 1968; Habermas & Bluck, 2000; McAdams, 2001). McAdams refere-se ao processo de construção da identidade como o de desenvolvimento de um sentido de unidade e de propósito diante das demandas do mundo e da sociedade, no qual os jovens organizam sua história de vida a fim de produzir uma narrativa autobiográfica coerente. O presente trabalho investiga, através de um estudo de caso, a elaboração de uma narrativa de vida com a finalidade de buscar...

197. 1968 and transnational history in Emine Sevgi Özdamar’s Die Brücke vom Goldenen Horn - Schonfield, Ernest
This article considers the representation of transnational political movements around 1968 in Özdamar’s autobiographical novel Die Brücke vom Goldenen Horn (1998). The transnational perspective enables Özdamar to articulate cultural transfers between Turkey, West Germany, Greece, Spain and Italy in the context of Cold War political activism. The article will show how the novel reappraises the political movements of the late sixties and early seventies as transnational phenomena which in West Germany included the participation of ‘Gastarbeiter’, thus serving as a corrective to Eurocentric histories of 1968. This is followed by a consideration of the cultural practices of the political activists....

198. Contribución al estudio farmacológico del género Scrophularia - Fernández Arche, María de los Ángeles
El uso medicinal de las plantas representa un importante aspecto en la historia de la medicina y contribuye al desarrollo de la moderna Farmacoterapia. Hoy día, la búsqueda de compuestos naturales con actividad farmacológica ha aumentado enormemente y el interés por recolectar nuevas especies vegetales con esta finalidad es cada vez mayor. Por eso, en el presente trabajo, nuestro objetivo ha sido realizar un estudio de dos especies del mismo género: Scrophularia frutescens L. var. frutescens y Scrophularia sambucifolia L. subsp. sambucifolia que crecen en hábitats diferentes, con el fin de ver si su interés botánico puede prolongarse hacia el campo farmacológico...

199. [en] THE LANGUAGE IN PLATO’S CRATYLUS - CARLOS MONTEIRO JUNIOR
[pt] A dissertação A linguagem no Crátilo de Platão pretende, a partir da análise das teses apresentadas por Platão no diálogo Crátilo acerca da correção dos nomes e de suas respectivas refutações, realizar uma reflexão sobre modo como Platão irá direcionar as investigações filosóficas em relação à linguagem; e a presente dissertação pretende ainda ressaltar a importância de tal diálogo não só para o pensamento platônico, mas, também, para a preservação de algumas das primeiras discussões em torno da linguagem na história do pensamento humano. Esta dissertação é fruto de uma investigação mais geral que pretende analisar a relação, no...

200. H I-SELECTED GALAXIES IN THE SLOAN DIGITAL SKY SURVEY. II. THE COLORS OF GAS-RICH GALAXIES - West, Andrew A.; Garcia-Appadoo, Diego A.; Dalcanton, Julianne J.; Disney, Mike J.; Rockosi, Constance M.; Ivezic, Zeljko
We utilize color information for an H I-selected sample of 195 galaxies to explore the star formation histories and physical conditions that produce the observed colors. We show that the H I selection creates a significant offset toward bluer colors that can be explained by enhanced recent bursts of star formation. There is also no obvious color bimodality, because the H I selection restricts the sample to bluer, actively star-forming systems, diminishing the importance of the red sequence. Rising star formation rates are still required to explain the colors of galaxies bluer than g – r< 0.3. We also demonstrate...

 

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