Mostrando recursos 61 - 80 de 178,674

  1. ¿Estados Unidos de... España?: la verdadera historia del proceso para nombrar a Bernardo de Gálvez ciudadano honorífico de los Estados Unidos

    Fesser, Guillermo

  2. História do pensamento jurídico: hermenêutica e modernidade

    Suzi Assis Borges Nasser Ferreira, Jussara; Gomes de Lima, Maria Beatriz
    HISTÓRIA DO PENSAMENTO JURÍDICO: HERMENÊUTICA E MODERNIDADE Jussara Suzi Assis Borges Nasser Ferreir, Maria Beatriz Gomes de Lima O pensamento conceitual toma por fundamento a construção abstrata das normas jurídicas. Cria-se um sistema lógico-dedutivo, estruturado em um conceito fundamental que subordina todos os demais. Logo, a hermenêutica segue o modelo da subsunção. A jurisprudência de interesses é marcada pela introdução do elemento finalístico na compreensão e aplicação do direito, considerando o fim como fundamento de criação e aplicação do direito. Predomina a proteção dos interesses individuais e dos grupos sociais, repudiando o formalismo e o raciocínio lógico-dedutivo, permitindo ao intérprete desenvolver critérios...

  3. Breve historia de los congresos de la Asociación Española para el Estudio del Hígado (1967–2015)

    Bruguera Cortada, Miguel

  4. Tumores neuroendocrinos pancreáticos: ¿Qué conocemos de su historia?

    Navarro, Salvador
    Starting with Paul Langerhans, who first described pancreatic islets in 1869, this article reviews the various protagonists who, in the last century and a half, have contributed to the discovery of the main hormones originating in the pancreas, the analytical methods for their measurement, the imaging techniques for identifying tumoural location, and the various pancreatic neoplasms.

  5. Thomas Bessell Kidner, la trayectoria de un educador que marcó el rumbo de una nueva profesión, la terapia ocupacional

    Pastor Montaño, María Ángeles; Martín Castillo, Estíbaliz
    Thomas Bessell Kidner (1866-1932), is considered one of the founders of Occupational Therapy, had a great influence in Canada and United States, linked this profession to medicine and encouraged continuing training and research, values ​​that remain strong today. He studied architecture and worked as an educator and educational reformer until, after the outbreak of the First World War, was devoted to vocational rehabilitation to the return to work of injured soldiers. He defended the use of occupations to treat injuries and diseases such as tuberculosis. He was the president of the AOTA for several years, on which he promoted and built an...

  6. Simulação numérica tridimensional de processos de deformação em bacias sedimentares

    Brüch, André Reinert
    O desenvolvimento de modelos teóricos e computacionais para simular a história de deforma-ção e reconstruir o estado termoporomecânico de bacias sedimentares é de grande interesse da indústria do petróleo. A compactação dos sedimentos, o escoamento dos fluidos e o fluxo térmico são processos de grande importância que ocorrem ao longo da diagênese. Fenômenos puramente mecânicos prevalecem nas camadas superiores da bacia associados à expulsão do fluido e ao rearranjo das partículas sólidas, enquanto a compactação químico-mecânica resul-tante dos processos de pressão-solução intergranular é dominante nas camadas mais profun-das, onde as tensões e temperaturas são maiores. Estes processos de deformação podem...

  7. Ser mujer y maestra, ser en relación. La diferencia que interpela. Una vida puede ser narrada, otras vidas pueden ser contadas.

    Núñez, Claudio
    Un largo y lento viaje, lleno de experiencias, plagado de peripecias, de emociones, de pensamientos, de saberes y de felicidad, mucha felicidad por haber transitado el camino, por haber llegado, por seguir en el camino. En el camino, me he encontrado con Inma, me he enamorado de su historia, de su vida, de sus saberes y a partir de ahora ya nada será lo mismo. En el camino, junto a ella, se me atravesó el feminismo de la diferencia y no volví a ser el mismo, el mundo no sería lo que fue.

  8. Nomadic pastoralists adopt subsistence strategies that maximise long-term household survival

    Mace, R
    Optimality approaches have been used to investigate the adaptiveness of human subsistence strategies mainly in hunter-gatherer societies. However the ‘static‘ optimality models used are not suitable for investigating the long-term costs and benefits of decisions, especially in societies where wealth is accumulated and hence resources gained in one year have an influence on future years. Here I use dynamic optimality modelling to investigate the adaptiveness of a subsistence strategy in the Gabbra, a nomadic pastoralist group. I show that herders forego short-term gain in favour of long-term household survival. This is done by herders sometimes manipulating the life histories of...

  9. Understanding healthy ageing using a qualitative approach : The value of narratives and individual biographies

    Carpentieri, J; Elliott, J
    How can narrative methods be used in life course research on healthy ageing, and in what ways can they provide insights not available through quantitative data? How can qualitative and quantitative approaches to studies of the life course be combined in order to shed additional light on healthy ageing? These questions form the focus of this chapter, which draws on material from qualitative biographical interviews with members of the MRC National Survey of Health and Development (NSHD) and the Hertfordshire Cohort Study (HCS), to provide narrative case histories. This chapter highlights the methodological value of such narratives when seeking to...

  10. Historicity and Anthropology

    Stewart, CW
    Historicity has emerged within anthropology to refer to cultural perceptions of the past. It calls attention to the techniques such as rituals that people use to learn about the past, the principles that guide them, and the performances and genres in which information about the past can be presented. The concept is in essential tension with the meaning of the term as “factuality” within the discipline of history and in wider society. Anthropologists also sometimes compose histories with this Western paradigm. Historicity in anthropology orientates a different objective, namely to discover the ways (beyond Western historicism) in which people in...

  11. Diffusion Tensor Imaging of Pedophilia.

    Cantor, JM; Lafaille, S; Soh, DW; Moayedi, M; Mikulis, DJ; Girard, TA
    Pedophilia is a principal motivator of child molestation, incurring great emotional and financial burdens on victims and society. Even among pedophiles who never commit any offense,the condition requires lifelong suppression and control. Previous comparison using voxel-based morphometry (VBM)of MR images from a large sample of pedophiles and controls revealed group differences in white matter. The present study therefore sought to verify and characterize white matter involvement using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), which better captures the microstructure of white matter than does VBM. Pedophilics ex offenders (n=24) were compared with healthy, age-matched controls with no criminal record and no indication of...

  12. Sustentabilidad de la insustentabilidad. La historia y el desarrollo sustentable

    Picado Umaña, Wilson
    In this paper we will take a look at the semantic history of the “sustainable development” concept through two significant aspects. First, we will review the history on the formation of the “development” concept, as a fundamental background to understand the origin of the public interest on the ecological problems underlying economic growth. Sec ondly, we will make a critical review about “sustainable development” from the point of view of its cyclic nature.

  13. Inundaciones en el río Tempisque: historia y percepciones sociales (1900-2007)

    Pizarro, Yanina; Marchena Sanabria, Jorge
    The present article is about the subject of the floods from the perspective of the environment history, making emphasis on the development of this problem in the course of the twentieth century and concentrated in the populations of Filadelfia, La Guinea, Ortega and Bolsón, all settled in the margins of the Tempisque river. The objective of this work is to demonstrate that floods aren’t new or trigger only by nature, but are also linked to human activities that for decades has used the natural resources of the basin. Likewise, social perceptions are considered like a tool to understand the floods...

  14. Veinticinco años de Cuadernos de Bioética (1990-2015): presente y futuro de la publicación

    Ferrer Colomer, Modesto; Aranda García, Ana; Pastor, Luis Miguel
    En este artículo se realiza una breve historia de los 10 últimos años de la revista Cuadernos de Bioética, así como un análisis global de la misma y de los trabajos publicados en las diversas secciones de la revista. También se indican los cambios habidos en la misma en los últimos años. El artículo finaliza con unas consideraciones sobre la historia reciente de la revista y enunciando algunas de las líneas de mejora que tiene planteadas el actual comité editorial para los próximos años.

  15. Parricidios en el Juzgado del Crimen del Rosario en la segunda mitad del siglo XIX: historias de vida, sentencias y atenuantes

    Piazzi, Carolina A.
    How parricides were judged in the Criminal Court of Rosario during the second half of the 19th century? How sentences were proved? What circumstances led to a penalty reduction? What tell us the trial records about ways of living and prosecuting these tragic deaths? The study of these criminal acts prosecuted in the Common Court of Justice of the 2nd Constituency of the State of Santa Fe, based in the city of Rosario, during the second half of the 19th century exposes that, although death penalty was the punishment, there was some procedural element in most cases or some circumstance...

  16. Conhecimento histórico escolar: fixações de sentidos a partir de uma política de avaliação no Rio de Janeiro

    Martins, Marcus Leonardo Bomfim; Gabriel, Carmen Teresa
    O objetivo deste artigo é problematizar as disputas por fixação de sentidos de conhecimento histórico escolar no Saerjinho – instrumento avaliativo que compõe o sistema de avaliação da rede fluminense. Concebendo o currículo como prática de significação e atribuição de sentidos e avaliação como política e prática curricular, foram analisadas informações veiculadas no site da Secretaria de Educação, questões da prova de História e entrevistas semiestruturadas com professores dessa disciplina, a partir de uma postura epistêmica discursiva na pauta pós-fundacional que entende a produção de significados como um ato político. As análises apontaram que há disputas não pelo que do...

  17. BORDERÍAS, Cristina (ed.) (2009) La historia de las mujeres: perspectivas actuales Barcelona: Icaria, 398 p.

    Fernández García, Elena

  18. Retazos de la historia de la Real Asociación de Hidalgos de España. Capítulo 1º

    Ladrón de Guevara Isasa, Manuel

  19. ¿Existen un único concepto de libertad en el paradigma liberal?

    Gil de Gómez Pérez-Arados, Carlos
    La libertad -su ejercicio y su titularidad- ha sido un tema recurrente en el pensamiento a lo largo de la Historia. No obstante, cada autor que se ha acercado a ella la ha interpretado de un modo distinto; incluso dentro de la misma escuela de pensamiento. Así las cosas, este estudio pretende contraponer y enfrentar la diferente visión que de la libertad han tenido tres de los intelectuales más influyentes del siglo XX: F. Hayek, Isaiah Berlin y J. Rawls.

  20. Cien años de "Ideal Andaluz": Entre el regionalismo, el federalismo y la reforma agraria

    Ortiz Villalba, Juan
    Hace cien años, un joven notario llamado Blas Infante, de apenas 28 años de edad, defendía en el Ateneo de Sevilla una memoria llamada Ideal Andaluz. Publicada un año más tarde, y reeditada por primera vez en la Transición, es decir medio siglo después, la obra se escribió con el doble objetivo de combatir los "graves estigmas" que cercenaban la identidad histórica andaluza y tratar el problema, de larga raigambre histórica, del reparto de la tierra en la Andalucía latifundista, pobre y analfabeta. En este artículo explicamos el contexto político, económico y social en el que nació este importante texto,...

Aviso de cookies: Usamos cookies propias y de terceros para mejorar nuestros servicios, para análisis estadístico y para mostrarle publicidad. Si continua navegando consideramos que acepta su uso en los términos establecidos en la Política de cookies.