Automatic Generation of a Formal User Profile Depending on Several Factors
- Labriji Amine; Charkaoui Salma; Abdelbaki Issam
The search for information is not a recent activity. It’s a newly rediscovered activity as his control seems to be more and more required. Finding information quickly and efficiently is, in fact, extremely important. The information research systems tend to customize access to information. They have for objective to issue to the user information that is relevant and appropriate to its preferences, its centers of interest or more its overall profile. The information research systems tend mainly to model the user according to a profile and then to integrate it into the chain of access to information, in order to...
W &n h y o ’s F aith Sy stem, as Seen in H is Commentaries on the Awakening of
- Mahyna Faith; Sung-bae Park
negation and complete affirmation. W*nhyo's commentaries generally begin with a lengthy discussion of the t'i(體) or body of the text under consideration, characterized by a series of compounded negations. His Commentary on the Awakening of Mah2y2na Faith(大乘起信論疏) follows this pattern, with the opening section beginning by negating all kinds of linguistic expressions. W*nhyo does not stop at negation, however. Once mok4a(解脫) is attained, his next step is to affirm everything fully and absolutely from the perspective of the liberated or enlightened person. He is careful, however, to distinguish how this enlightened affirmation is different from other forms of affirmation, which...
Linguistic Elitism: the Advantage of Speaking Irish Rather than the Irish-speaker Advantage
- Iarfhlaith Watson; Máire Nic; Ghiolla Phádraig
Abstract: This paper contributes to the discussion of linguistic elitism in this journal (Borooah et al., 2009). Two main questions are addressed. First, most “census Irish speakers ” are not in fact Irish speakers and the majority of Irish speakers proper are not a coherent group. Second, the Irish language is part of the cultural capital which can be acquired by people with an “advantage.” The argument is made that people with an advantage are more likely to speak Irish rather than Irish speakers being more likely to have an advantage. I
Anti-Brahmanical and Hindu nationalist reconstructions of Indian prehistory*
- Historiographia Linguistica Xxxi; Michael Bergunder; Universität Heidelberg
before the Asiatick Society in 1786, the thesis that the Sanskrit language was related to the classical European languages, Greek and Latin, and indeed to Gothic, Celtic and Persian, this was later received not only as a milestone in the history of linguistics. This newly found linguistic relationship represented at the same time the most important theoretical foundation on which European Orientalists reconstructed a pre-history of South Asia, the main elements of which achieved general recognition in the second half of the 19th century. According to this reconstruction, around the middle of the second millenium BCE, Indo-European tribes who called...
A Review of Machine Translation Systems in India and different Translation Evaluation Methodologies
- Aditi Kalyani; Phd Scholar; Sardar Patel
Despite the linguistic diversity, communication is important for economic and social growth. But it is impossible for a human being to know all languages. This led to the inception of machine translation. Machine Translation (MT) is a field of Artificial Intelligence and Natural Language Processing which deals with translation from one language to another using machine translation system. Even after translation, in order to assess the goodness of MT system i.e. if the translated output is of human translation quality or not, some Evaluation strategy is required. This paper gives a review of the work done on various Indian machine...
1 Linguistic semantics as a vehicle for a semantics of music
- Mihailo Antović
Background in linguistic semantics Meaning has been the most difficult issue to tackle in linguistics. Approaches have been many, their success minimal. Modern semantic theories are largely mind-oriented, in that they postulate specific mental representations responsible for meaning generation. The most promising approaches to semantics include cognitive semantics, which predominantly studies the conceptual building of metaphors, and generative semantics, which deals with truth-conditional acceptability of linguistic utterances. An interesting approach to semantics, though more socially-oriented, is also that of memetics, which proposes that meaning propagates through social groups by imitation. Background in music theory The approach to music theory based...
Himalayan Languages and Linguistics: Studies in phonology, semantics, morphology and syntax
- Edited Mark Turin; Bettina Zeisler; Reviewed Nathan; W. Hill
The work under review is the twelfth volume in the series ‘Languages of the Greater Himalayan Region’. This series has heretofore comprised reference grammars of Tibeto-Burman languages, typically the outcome of Ph.D dissertations originally submitted to Leiden University. These eleven grammars are of uniform high quality, providing detailed and clearly written linguistic information, while eschewing the maelstroms of faddish currents in theoretical or typological linguistics. Indeed, the researchers associated with the Himalayan Languages Project have arguably contributed more to advancing Tibeto-Burman linguistics than all other working scholars combined. This twelfth volume mostly constitutes papers originally delivered at the 11th Himalayan...
Machine Translation Techniques and their Comparative Study
- Neeha Ashraf; Manzoor Ahmad
Human beings exhibit a striking quality of communicating with each other. Communication by means of a system of communication based upon words and the combination of words into sentences, referred as linguistic communication. None of non-human species have such a system of communication in place that’s comparable to human language. What makes languages of human varied and different, are features of duality and arbitrary. In annuals of Anthropology, language is considered as a primary tool for studying the culture of a civilization, what we speak influences what we think, what we feel and what we believe. Culture is transmitted through...
Natural Language Interface for Databases in Hindi Based on Karaka Theory
- Aanchal Kataria; M. Tech Scholar; Rajender Nath Phd
Data retrieval from the database requires knowledge of database language like SQL. Hence people with no knowledge of database language may find it difficult to access the database. Moreover, in recent time there is a growing demand for non-expert users to query relational database in a more natural language encompassing linguistic variables and terms. This triggered the idea of developing natural language interface to database where a user can query the database using natural language. And it relieved the persons from the burden of learning database language like SQL. In this paper, architecture of interface for converting natural language sentence...
Opinion Mining Techniques on Social Media Data
- Ritu Mewari; Ajit Singh; Akash Srivastava
In the current scenario, at the crossroad of computational linguistics and data retrieval opinions and emotions are more valuable than the subject of the document. Linguistic resources are used to retrieve sentiments and also to classify it. Over the internet, not only the large volume of unstructured data is available but also the large amount of text is also generating day by day in the form of blogs, emails, tweets and feedbacks e.t.c. Text analysis is much more mature than unstructured data. Mining is tough for these types of data because of its noisiness and this is the chief bottleneck...
A Publication of the Historical Society of Afghanistan Kabul 1967
- Of Afghanistan; Abdul Hai Habibi
The Mother of Dari Language is a detailed analysis of the Baghlan inscription which was discovered near the ancient city of Baghlan in northern Afghanistan in 1953. The inscription dates back to the time of the Kushanid Emperor Kanishka, in the second century A.D., and was written in the Kushani language. It was analyzed by Professor Abdul Hai Habibi, in 1963. He presented his findings in a book entitled Madar-e Zaban-e Dari (Mother of the Dari Language) which was later translated into English. Professor Habibi undertook the task of reading the inscription, written in cursive Greek letters, and in doing...
Here we have an important and substantial contribution to the linguistic understanding of meaning. The preface is dated January 1963, which means that one or two relevant writings by others appeared too late to be taken into account. But Lyons, though wide awake to discussion in progress, is not eclectic in the frequent manner of linguists writing on semantics. His work is strikingly self-contained and invites comment and criticism on its own, well-defined merits. The crucial chapters are two, the fourth, entitled 'Meaning' which sets forth Lyons ' theory, and the ninety page long final payoff on the 'Meaning of...
AFTERWARD Balkan Epic Cyclicity: A View from the Languages
- Victor A. Friedman
One way to approach Balkan epic is through the languages in which they are sung or recited. It is interesting to note that in this regard, the geographical extent of Balkan epics and of Balkan languages—in the sense of the Balkan Sprachbund, or linguistic league—are not exactly co–terminous, but rather show interesting similarities and differences.1 In this afterward, then, I would like to examine the topic of this volume as a linguist and Balkanist with almost forty years of field experience in the region and interests that have extended beyond the realm of grammar sensu stricto.2 Lord (1972:305–308) has identified...
Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
In a world where language endangerment, death, and revitalization have become topics of considerable urgency among field linguists as well as for many others concerned with the study of human communication and also to those who use rather than study the languages in question, the concept of a linguistic afterlife put forth in the subtitle of Matras ’ work on Angloromani is a thought-provoking and nuanced idea. The work itself, which is the first corpus-based, book-length treatment of Angloromani since Smart and Crofton (1875), is of interest not only to those concerned with Romani linguistics, language contact, and language shift,...
• Linguistic Team Studies Caribou Anatomy
- Data Management (pgs
A SYNTACTIC AND PRAGMATIC DESCRIPTION OF VERB STEM ALTERNATION IN K’CHÒ,
- A Chin Language; Kee Shein Mang; Alternation In K’chò; A Chin Language; Dr. Larin Adams; Ajarn Ken Manson; Ajarn Doug Inglis; A Chin Language; Kee Shein Mang
I wish to acknowledge my gratitude to the following individual people and organizations as supporters and facilitators of my linguistic studies at Payap University. I am thankful to Payap University and its Linguistic Department faculty members for their kind assistance in both academic and other needs throughout my study.
Statistically Significant Detection of Linguistic Change
- Vivek Kulkarni; Rami Al-rfou; Bryan Perozzi; Steven Skiena
We propose a new computational approach for tracking and detecting statistically significant linguistic shifts in the mean-ing and usage of words. Such linguistic shifts are especially prevalent on the Internet, where the rapid exchange of ideas can quickly change a word’s meaning. Our meta-analysis approach constructs property time series of word usage, and then uses statistically sound change point detection algo-rithms to identify significant linguistic shifts. We consider and analyze three approaches of increasing complexity to generate such linguistic property time series, the culmination of which uses distributional characteristics inferred from word co-occurrences. Using recently proposed deep neural language models,...
A Multi-Attribute Decision Making for Electrician Selection using Triangular Fuzzy Numbers Arithmetic Approach
- Wiwien Hadikurniawati; Universitas Stikubank; Retantyo Wardoyo; Universitas Gadjah Mada; Yogyakarta Indonesia
Abstract—This study uses an approach of fuzzy multi attribute decision making in determining alternatives to solve the selection problem of the electrician through a competency test. Competency test consists of several tests of knowledge, skills and work attitude. The parameters of decision making is used to choose the best alternative written test, test of theoretical knowledge, practice knowledge test and oral test. Linguistic values expressed by triangular fuzzy numbers is used to represent the preferences of decision makers so that the uncertainty and imprecision in the selection process can be minimized. Aggregation results are represented using triangular fuzzy numbers. The...
A Faster Approach to Sort Unicode Represented Bengali Words
- Aamira Shabnam; Tapashee Tabassum
Sorting Bengali words, a constituent part of Bengali language processing, Bengali data manipulation and Bengali database system comes up with a lot of challenges. A simple lexicographic ordering based on the Unicode representation does not yield the correct order of Bengali words as the character order in Unicode for Bengali differs from the order suggested by Bangla Academy. Besides, the presence of modifiers, compound characters, dual representation of some characters in Unicode as well as the precedence of vowels have made the situation even more complex. Our study aims to adapt the linguistic order for Unicode represented Bengali text while...
AR2SPARQL: An Arabic Natural Language Interface for the Semantic Web
- Iyad Alagha; Alaa Abu-taha
With the growing interest in supporting the Arabic language on the Semantic Web (SW), there is an emerging need to enable Arab users to query ontologies and RDF stores without being challenged with the formal logic of the SW. In the domain of English language, several efforts provided Natural Language (NL) interfaces to enable ordinary users to query ontologies using NL queries. However, none of these efforts were designed to support the Arabic language which has different morphological and semantic structures. As a step towards supporting Arabic Question Answering (QA) on the SW, this work presents AR2SPARQL, a NL interface...