Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 80.198

  1. La Linguistica Cognitiva: un’applicazione didattica per l’insegnamento dello spagnolo come lingua straniera

    Paleari, Valentina
    La Linguistica Cognitiva:un’applicazione didattica perl’insegnamento dello spagnolo come lingua stranieradi Valentina PaleariRELATORE: prof.ssa Elena LandoneCORRELATORE: prof.ssa Emilia PerassiCORSO DI LAUREA: Laurea Magistrale in Lingue e Letterature Europee ed ExtraeuropeeUNIVERSITA’: Università degli Studi di MilanoANNO ACCADEMICO: 2014-2015

  2. Reabilitando os pensadores antigos para uma Linguística no século XXI

    Fortes, Fábio; Lacerda Faria Rocha, Eduardo; Adão Sá Freitas, Fernando; Silva Moraes, Henrique; Alves da Silva, Hudson Carlos
    Perspectiva histórica tem sido, nos últimos anos, revalorizada no âmbito da Linguística. Entretanto, a apropriação de elementos do passado nem sempre se realiza levando em conta qualquer aspecto teórico ou metodológico que envolvem a leitura de um texto antigo. Neste trabalho, pretendemos dar nossa contribuição ao delineamento de alguns aspectos teóricos e metodológicos que precisam emergir sempre que se deseja lidar com tratados metalinguísticos do passado, assim como refletir sobre possíveis contribuições que os Estudos Clássicos podem oferecer à Historiografia da Linguística.AbstractHistorical perspective has been recently revalued by the field of Linguistics. However, the appropriation of past elements in order to...

  3. Una propuesta de estructuración del diccionario ideográfico y semántico de valoraciones utilitarias

    González Jurado, Margarita
    In the Faculty of Foreign Languages at the University of Havana, a group of researchers works on the development of the macro category of assessment, based on the semantic and ideographic categorization of the linguistic meaning. To continue developing the theory of the macro category of assessment and the studies for the elaboration of ideographic and semantic dictionaries of the mentioned category, proposed by Dr. Leandro Caballero Diaz (1989), the members of this group has been carrying out an intensive work to determine and describe different semantic fields of assessment for the elaboration of semantic and ideographic dictionaries of assessment....

  4. Mudança e estabilidade em construções “passivas” na história do português

    Oliveira Cavalcante, Silvia Regina de
    In this paper, I associate Minimalist analyses of SE-constructions in a diachronic pattern compared to the behavior of subjects in the Tycho Brahe Corpus (from 16th to 19th centuries). The different statistical patterns that pre-verbal, post-verbal and null arguments present along the time allowed me to corroborate theoretical approaches that consider SE-constructions as active not passive ones. Besides that, I intend to contribute to the understanding of the linguistic change that SE undergoes from being a passive morpheme into an argument, and I propose a theoretical analysis for the SEconstructions that makes account of the statistical behavior of the data...

  5. Derechos y ritos: iniciación, lenguaje y performatividad en el derecho y la educación jurídica

    Yovel, Jonathan
    This essay is about how language functions in law, and how pros- pective legal agents –young lawyers, law students– are initiated into a complex linguistic culture through various modes of instruction. Thus it confronts two approaches to legal education: one, which cuts across both lay and certain “professional” approaches to legal instruction, approaches law as a discipline, a body of knowledge to be mustered and mastered in the form of rules, precedents, policy arguments and the like. The other approaches legal practice and instruction as a complex linguistic culture, where the forms enumerated, rather than the “essence” of law, are offered as profitable to master because they tend...

  6. El tópico del hambre como construcción metafórica del sentido en la poesía de blanca varela

    Donat, Mara
    Into the poetic of descent proposed by the literary critic Cárcamo-Huechante, Blanca Varela developes a poetry in relation with corporality and deterioration. Existencialism thought connects with the search of a material poetic word, fill with corporal, byologic elements. Hunger is the privileged metaphor in the process of materialization of poetic writing. It is social and linguistic demand against unjustice and the impoverished language system, also into literary tradition. We propose an exegesis of metaphoric configuration of hunger through a thematic and a stylistic line of research, which embodies sense and sound of poetic word

  7. Probing the Democratic Peace Argument Using Linguistic Fuzzy Logic

    Badredine Arfi
    Why have the numerous debates on the “democratic peace” remained inconclusive? In addressing this question, the paper examines causality in social sciences by using propositional calculus in the framework of linguistic fuzzy logic. The paper does this by taking into account the possibility that some causal relations might be more or less of a sufficient type while others might be more or less of a necessary type, and while still others might be of both types to a lesser or greater degree of truth. The paper shows that depending on how much more or less democratic the two states are,...

  8. Raising the bar (1)

    P. Elhorst; M. Abreu; P. Amaral; A. Bhattacharjee; L. Corrado; B. Fingleton; F. Fuerst; H. Garretsen; D. Igliori; J. Le Gallo; P. McCann; V. Monastiriotis; G. Pryce; J. Yu
    In this editorial, we summarize and comment on the papers published in issue 11.1 so as to raise the bar in applied spatial economic research and highlight new trends. The first paper employs the J-test to discriminate between two economic-theoretical explanations for the wage curve. The second applies a two-step ML procedure to measure the impact of volatility on economic growth. The third tests for endogeneity in the Spatial lag of X (SLX) model and whether or not the model should be extended to contain a spatial lag. The fourth utilizes the gravity model to test whether or not grids...

  9. Spatial and Temporal Diffusion of Housing Prices in the Presence of a Linguistic Border: Evidence from Belgium

    Roel Helgers; Erik Buyst
    This paper investigates the ripple effect hypothesis for Belgium and is especially interested in the existence of potential border effects arising from the language border that divides the country in two large linguistic regions, Flanders and Wallonia. We find that housing prices in districts located along the north-south axis are highly integrated, while those in more peripheral eastern and western districts converge almost exclusively with neighbouring districts in the same linguistic region. Where a similar model might only applied to a few multilingual countries, we provide some valuable insights on the mechanisms responsible for the observed ripple—and border effects.

  10. The legends of tomorrow: A semiotic approach towards a brand myth of luxury heritage

    Jan C. L. König; Klaus-Peter Wiedmann; Nadine Hennigs; Janina Haase
    The art of positioning luxury brands within a frame of heritage myths has become increasingly important for marketing and management recently, for communicating luxury values from the perspective of a unique brand is a major task to distinguish companies and products within the field of luxury and to gain a strong individual identity. However, the complexity of signs within shop designs is a semiotic phenomenon that is still rather focused on by the humanities, while its effective adaption for luxury fashion brands regarding heritage and value communication is still poorly understood and has not been explored so far. The most...

  11. How to Make Money with Words: Finance, Performativity, Language

    Leigh Claire La Berge
    In this article, I consider how descriptions of finance since the 2007--2008 credit crisis have offered a new template of representation for value and its changing valences, both theoretical and aesthetic. My particular concern is social scientific writing about the crisis that might be grouped loosely under the rubric of ‘performativity’, namely the argument that models (or representations, either mathematic or linguistic) produce markets, and that markets are best studied through ethnographic observation. I ask why language, performance and metaphor itself -- what was once the province of a more literary tradition -- have become a methodological tool for social...

  12. The logic of practice in the practice of logics: practicing journalism and its relationship with business in times of technological changes

    Elena Raviola; Paola Dubini
    This paper investigates the workings of institutional logics in practice, by focusing in particular on the interplay between material, practical and linguistic dimensions of practices. In other words, drawing on Bourdieu's sens pratique, the paper explores the logic of practice in the practice of logics through a six months full-time ethnographic study at Il Sole-24 Ore, the largest Italian financial newspaper, between 2007 and 2008. An original conceptual framework is developed to analyse how the logic of journalism is enacted vis-à-vis that of advertising in a setting in which an old technology for news production -- print newspaper -- coexists...

  13. When uncertainty meets life: The effect of animacy on probability expression

    Xue-Lei Du; Shi-Hong Liu; Jie-Hong Xu; Li-Lin Rao; Cheng-Ming Jiang; Shu Li
    Everyone faces uncertainty on a daily basis. Two kinds of probability expressions, verbal and numerical, have been used to characterize the uncertainty that we face. Because our cognitive concept of living things differs from that of non-living things, and distinguishing cognitive concepts might have linguistic markers, we designed four studies to test whether people use different probability expressions when faced with animate or inanimate uncertainty. We found that verbal probability is the preferred way to express animate uncertainty, whereas numerical probability is the preferred way to express inanimate uncertainty. The ``verbal-animate'' and ``numerical-inanimate'' associations were robust enough to persist when...

  14. Geography, Cultural Remoteness and Economic Development: A Regional Analysis of the Economic Consequences of Insularity

    M. Del Gatto; C. Mastinu
    We study the relationship between economic development, geography and “cultural remoteness†(i.e. distance from the technological frontier(s) driving economic development) at a regional level focusing on the role of “insularity†. The analysis covers all island regions worldwide and documents the presence of economic costs (measured in GDP per capita), due to insularity, in addition to those generally attributed to ‘geographical remoteness’. Cultural remoteness, either measured in terms of linguistic or ethnic distance, is not the only cause that explains these costs.

  15. An integrated fuzzy QFD and TOPSIS approach to enhance leanness in supply chain

    A. Noorul Haq; Varma Boddu
    Lean principles are currently adopted in supply chain to ensure competitiveness in the global market and to meet customer requirements. This lean paradigm focuses on cost reduction using various tools and philosophies like just in time (JIT) and total quality management (TQM). To be lean, a supply chain must ensure many distinguishing lean attributes (LAs) influenced by lean enablers (LEs). In this paper, an integrated technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS) and quality function deployment (QFD) approach is proposed to increase the leanness of supply chain. The objective is to identify the most viable LEs to...

  16. Vendor selection and uncertainty

    Rakesh Verma; Saroj Koul; Kannan Govindan
    Vendor selection is of strategic importance in any industry. This paper uses fuzzy tools for vendor selection to improve decision-making through a more systematic and logical approach. Expert opinion is portrayed by allocating different fuzzy weights to the linguistic data in the form of triangular fuzzy numbers (TFN). The scores are evaluated using fuzzy arithmetic operations and the index of optimism is used to evaluate the vendors. Also, to bring in consistency in the evaluation, results are compared with the fuzzy technique for order preference by similarity to an ideal solution (TOPSIS), another well known multicriteria decision-making (MCDM) approach affected...

  17. Selection of internet assessment vendor using TOPSIS method in fuzzy environment

    Saurav Datta; Chitrasen Samantra; Siba Sankar Mahapatra; Goutam Mondal; Partha Sarathi Chakraborty; Gautam Majumdar
    In recent days an explosion in demand is being resulted for internet-based assessment solutions. The number of internet assessment vendors has increased dramatically, and they differ widely in offerings, capabilities, technology, assessment expertise, customer support and other factors. Choosing an appropriate vendor capable of fulfilling various needs and become a value-added partner can seem somewhat daunting. Conventional approaches for selection and evaluation of vendors separately tend to be less effective in dealing with the imprecise of attributes assessment individually. Hence, this study aims to propose an effective integrated fuzzy multi-attribute group decision making (FMAGDM) approach to deal both qualitative and...

  18. A decision support system for supplier selection for Indian textile industry using analytic hierarchy process based on fuzzy simulation

    Darshan Kumar; Jagdev Singh; Om Pal Singh
    Supplier selection is arguably one of the most critical functions for the success of an organisation in today's competitive scenario. Both qualitative and quantitative factors are considered and a trade off is made between tangible and intangible factors while selecting a supplier. This selection is one of the decisions which determine the long-term viability of the organisation. Literature reveals that many methods have been used to objectively evaluate suppliers including analytic hierarchy process (AHP). Considering drawback of AHP that it handles crisp values only, use of AHP based on fuzzy simulation (FSAHP) has been proposed in this paper. The weights...

  19. Theory of Gharar and its interpretation of Risk and Uncertainty from the perspectives of Authentic Hadith and the Holy Quran: A Qualitative Analysis

    Waemustafa, Waeibrorheem; Sukri, Suriani
    The inconclusive definition of Gharar as risk and uncertainty can be commonly found in the contemporary literatures. The difference in the meaning of Gharar is generally thought to be due to the difference in the jurisprudence point of views. The current practice is that there is no standard in defining the terms. Hence, this study introduces steps in defining terminology namely; dictionary definition, Arabic linguistic definition and jurisprudence definition. However, the philosophy of risk as stated in the Holy Quran and Hadith differs from the concept of risk in conventional finance. The finding reveals that risk in Islamic banking refers...

  20. Foreign language learning using e-communication technologies in the educational sector

    Tirziu, Andreea-Maria; Vrabie, Catalin I.
    E-communication places new demands on language, leading to interesting variations in written language use. E-mail, chats, online discussions and SMS messages use a language marked by traits of both informal speech and formal writing, a host of text-based icons and acronyms for handling social interaction and modifications in spelling norms. Objectives: The purpose of this article is to provide a framework on individuals‟ possibilities to learn a foreign language using e-communication technologies. Approach: It shows the specialty literature that focuses on e-learning, with priority to e-communication. Results: Proper use of new technologies allows a more systematic integration of language, content...

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