Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 79.002

  1. Review: Cao Zhiyun, Linguistic Atlas of Chinese Dialects, Volume 3: Grammar (2008)

    Lamarre, Christine
    in 『中国語学』 Chuugokugogaku [Bulletin of the Chinese Linguistic Society of Japan], N° 256

  2. Space in Languages of China–Cross-linguistic, synchronic and diachronic perspectives

    Xu, Dan
    International audience

  3. Higher education in the global knowledge economy

    Marginson, S
    In many nations government policy and scholarly work have identified the growing role of higher education and research in the world-wide knowledge economy. The role of higher education is not limited to fostering the economic development of nations and providing opportunities for individuals, it extends also to promotion of cultural diversity, political democracy and trade. Emphasis is rightly placed on how higher education can better serve society and promote international cooperation. However, as yet little attention has been given to how higher education and research are active in the processes of globalization, and are themselves being reshaped by globalization with...

  4. After globalization: Emerging politics of education

    Marginson, S
    Globalization refers to the formation of world systems, as distinct from internationalization which, presupposes nations as the essential unit. Globalization includes finance and trade; communications and information technologies; migration and tourism; global societies; linguistic, cultural and ideological convergence; and world systems of signs and images. While it does not negate the nation-state, it changes its circumstances and potentials. In the global era, government continues to be largely national in form, and education is, if anything, more central to government, while issues of identity and difference become more important in the politics of education.

  5. Loneliness and International Students: An Australian Study

    Sawir, E; Marginson, S; Deumert, A; Nyland, C; Ramia, G
    In a study of international student security, consisting of 200 intensive interviews with students, resident onshore in Australia, it was found that two thirds of the group had experienced problems of loneliness and/or isolation, especially in the early months. According to Weiss, students experience both personal loneliness because of the loss of contact with families and social loneliness because of the loss of networks. Both forms of loneliness are at times exacerbated by their experiences in institutional sites. The article discusses the coping mechanisms that students use. It identifies a third kind of loneliness experienced by international students, cultural loneliness,...

  6. Using arts for capturing cultural mediation in child language brokering: Negotiating research aims and knowledge between the research team and artists

    Crafter, S; Iqbal, H
    This paper focuses on child language brokers - children and young people who translate and interpret for family, peers and the local community. With increasing cuts to professional translating services and a highly diverse set of languages spoken in the UK, these children are often the key linguistic and cultural mediators for migrating families between home and professional institutions. They act at the interface of both convivial and frictional exchanges in wider societal interactions. Whilst previous research has suggested child language brokers mediate different forms of cultural knowledge, values and norms during their language brokering, there was little in the...

  7. Annunciation and insurrection of the deaf difference: Counter-actions in the biopolitics of bilingual education

    Carvalho, Alexandre Filordi de; Martins, Vanessa Regina de Oliveira
    In the field of deafness, especially within an anthropological view, there is a constant fight of the deaf movements to untying deaf persons from discourses of disability. This process occurs in affirming that deafness is not a body's inefficiency condition, but a distinct relationship of the deaf body, given by the linguistic difference, precisely, an effect of not hearing. In the present society, the norm is an undoubtedly voracious strategy aiming the classification, nomination, gathering and representation that reduces any differences in the name of an intended equality: by including, it excludes many singularities, because it favors the homogeneity. Deaf people...

  8. Fundamental frequency modelling: an articulatory perspective with target approximation and deep learning

    Liu, H
    Current statistical parametric speech synthesis (SPSS) approaches typically aim at state/frame-level acoustic modelling, which leads to a problem of frame-by-frame independence. Besides that, whichever learning technique is used, hidden Markov model (HMM), deep neural network (DNN) or recurrent neural network (RNN), the fundamental idea is to set up a direct mapping from linguistic to acoustic features. Although progress is frequently reported, this idea is questionable in terms of biological plausibility. This thesis aims at addressing the above issues by integrating dynamic mechanisms of human speech production as a core component of F0 generation and thus developing a more human-like F0...

  9. Los niveles diafásicos en los tratadistas del Siglo de Oro

    Salvador Plans, Antonio
    The sociolinguistic considerations achieve a great importance among the writers of the Spanish Golden Age. The references to the archaist linguistic aspects are pointed out, to questions related to the Spanish dialectal diversity, the dicotomy between learned language and popular language, among others. In this work, I will focus on different aspects such as biological differences (of sex or generation),of different social groups (Jews, Blacks or Moorishs) or linguistic particularities of different social groups or professions.

  10. As estratégias da revisão de textos nos anos iniciais do ensino fundamental

    Fortes, Carlisa Andrade
    Este trabalho tem por objetivo verificar os avanços e modificações na escrita de alunos de uma turma de 5º ano do ensino fundamental, a partir da revisão que fazem de seus textos, ou seja, se as ideias “confusas”, as questões ortográficas, de pontuação, coesão e coerência textual ganham outro sentido na reescrita da produção textual. A presente produção também analisa as estratégias de revisão de texto que as professoras podem elaborar e desenvolver para auxiliar seus alunos no processo de revisão. Para tanto, a investigação, identificada como um estudo de caso, foi realizada em uma escola da rede estadual da...

  11. Popular Science at the Crossroads of New Linguistic Spheres / A divulgação científica no cruzamento de novas esferas de atividade linguageira / La vulgarisation scientifique au croisement de nouvelles sphères d'activité langagière

    Moirand, Sophie; Reboul-Touré, Sandrine; Ribeiro, Michele,
    International audience

  12. Journal of Laboratory Phonology vol. 7 (1), 4 - Advancing Prosodic Transcription, Special Collection

    D'Imperio, Mariapaola; Grice, Martine; Cangemi, Francesco
    This special collection consists of papers inspired by topics covered in two different workshops addressing the challenge of prosodic transcription for research in spoken language sciences and for the development of computer speech technologies. At the heart of this collection are discussions of the phonological assumptions behind current approaches to prosodic transcription, the choice of discrete units and their granularity, the consequences of adopting a phonetically transparent transcription system, and the challenges of transcribing under-described languages. This collection of papers aims to foster further discussion on cross-linguistic prosodic transcription and the levels of linguistic analysis required by this enterprise.

  13. Speech Production and Perception: Speaker-Specific Behavior

    Fuchs, Susanne; Pape, Daniel; Petrone, Caterina; Perrier, Pascal
    Speakers show phonetic differences while producing the very same utterance. These speaker-specific differences occur at various linguistic levels and they can be realized phonetically by many parameters such as voice quality, speech rate, loudness, fundamental frequency, breathing, articulatory behavior, etc. At the same time, listeners can vary in the way they exploit such cues for the purpose of speech perception and understanding. Speaker-specific behavior has long been regarded irrelevant for linguistic theories and is generally treated as noise in the data. Methodologically, speaker-specific variation has often been ignored in the statistical modelling of speech production and perception data. However, there...

  14. Prosody and languages in contact: L2 acquisition, attrition and languages in multilingual situations

    Delais-Roussarie, Elisabeth; Avanzi, Mathieu; Herment, Sophie
    This volume provides new insights into various issues on prosody in contact situations, contact referring here to the L2 acquisition process as well as to situations where two language systems may co-exist. A wide array of phenomena are dealt with (prosodic description of linguistic systems in contact situations, analysis of prosodic changes, language development processes, etc.), and the results obtained may give an indication of what is more or less stable in phonological and prosodic systems. In addition, the selected papers clearly show how languages may have influenced or may have been influenced by other language varieties (in multilingual situations...

  15. Consequences of Working Memory Differences and Phrasal Length on Pause Duration and Fundamental Frequency. International Seminar on Speech Production

    Petrone, Caterina; Fuchs, Susanne; Krivokapic, Jelena
    It has recently been suggested that speakers vary in the amount of speech planning they do and that the scope of planning is influenced by task and speaker specific constraints. To test this, an experiment is presented examining the effects of linguistic structure and working memory on speech planning, as evidenced in pause duration and F0 peaks. Twenty speakers of German performed two tasks. In the first, speakers' working memory span was evaluated. In the second, an acoustic speech production task, the influence of phrasal length on pause duration and on the utterance initial F0 peak was tested. The hypothesis...

  16. Un extraordinari moment de veritat. La mirada d’Ana Torrent a El espíritu de la colmena

    Iribarren Nadal, Mariona
    A scene from The Spirit of the Beehive (1973) can give us the key to understanding some structural coordinates of the filmography of Víctor Erice. The images of Ana Torrent sitting in the cinema were filmed using a documentary technique, trying to capture this special moment of truth. They also have great meta-linguistic value, because they speak to us of a cinema experience that escapes from intellectual consciousness. They are the trigger for the beginning of a path returning to ourselves, to the child's view, which can free us from preconceived notions and open us up to the world.

  17. Un extraordinari moment de veritat. La mirada d’Ana Torrent a El espíritu de la colmena

    Iribarren Nadal, Mariona
    A scene from The Spirit of the Beehive (1973) can give us the key to understanding some structural coordinates of the filmography of Víctor Erice. The images of Ana Torrent sitting in the cinema were filmed using a documentary technique, trying to capture this special moment of truth. They also have great meta-linguistic value, because they speak to us of a cinema experience that escapes from intellectual consciousness. They are the trigger for the beginning of a path returning to ourselves, to the child's view, which can free us from preconceived notions and open us up to the world.

  18. La recurrencia de la metáfora. Un marco filosófico-lingüístico

    González de Requena Farré, Juan A.

  19. La recurrencia de la metáfora. Un marco filosófico-lingüístico

    González de Requena Farré, Juan A.

  20. Con no sé qué vislumbres de ironía: indicadores y marcas de la ironía en el Viaje del Parnaso

    Tabernero, Cristina
    This article analyzes the irony present in Viaje del Parnaso from a pragmalinguistic perspective. After a summarized explanation of the literary problems that the piece of work under consideration -which has almost unanimously been classified as burlesque poetry- has caused, linguistic conception has been applied to the strategy used by Cervantes, emphasizing the irony as an element of parody and satire as well as a polyphonic or echoic technique. Thus, this piece of work is classified as a continuous unstable or heuristic irony, in which some indicators or marks that enable an accurate interpretation of the Cervantine tercets are visible....

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