Linguistic resistance on the New Brunswick-Maine border
- Wendy Burnett
Comparison of New Brunswick data from Scargill and Warkentin’s 1972 survey of Canadian English and from the Dialect Topography Project (1994-present) reveals a significant convergence over the past 30 years towards American English forms in seventy-eight percent of the items studied. This is noteworthy in itself, given that there is little evidence of sufficient contact to determine any pattern of linguistic diffusion. Still more remarkable, however, are the data from responses to the Dialect Topography questionnaire by younger speakers along one section of the New Brunswick-Maine border. There, in an area where there is significant social contact with Americans, the...
Arriving events in English and Spanish: a
- Maria Cristobal
This paper presents a detailed contrastive frame semantic analysis of arriving events in English and Spanish, attested through a corpus study. The framework and methodology of our research follows the FrameNet II Research Project housed at ICSI. First, we present a formal description of the Arriving frame as a subframe of the Motion frame: arriving encodes a basic subpart of our conceptualization of motion, namely the transition from moving to arriving at a goal. Second, we carry out a cross-linguistic analysis of this frame, based on a corpus study of English and Spanish arriving predicates. A first assumption would suggest...
EXPLORING THE CHALLENGES OF GAINING MEMBERSHIP IN A LINGUSTIC COMMUNITY
From a “feminisms ” theoretical perspective my exploratory research examines the challenges involved in the linguistic border crossing of an English-speaking science educator who volunteered to become a “teacher as second language learner”. Specifically, through narrative inquiry I examined the challenges I encountered as a second language learner at a Spanish speaking elementary school in Guatemala. I found that some of the challenges a second language learner might face not only includes acquiring linguistic proficiency, but also dealing with conflicting power and status issues centered around “linguistic disempowerment”. Because of this I suspect that voice (Voice at the Abstract Level)...
1 Tracking objects, Tracking agents
- Nicolas J. Bullot; Patrick Rysiew
Animals and humans have to keep track of individuals in their environment, both in perception (sensorimotor tracking) and in cognition (e.g., spatio-temporal localization and linguistic reference via memory, communication and reasoning). Items that are typical targets for tracking are things such as stationary physical objects (e.g., rocks, plants, trees, buildings, or attached artifacts), moving physical objects (e.g., animals, certain artifacts) and human
Language structure is a product of our interaction with the world around us. The way we build discourses and develop linguistic categories can immediately be derived from the way we experience our environment and use that experience in species-specific communication. (Heine, 1997:3) 1
Ay!e Pnar Saygn!*^!
- Frederic Dick; Joseph Bussiere
The effects of linguistic mediation on the identification of environmental sounds
The phonetic space of phonological categories in heritage speakers of Mandarin
- Charles B. Chang; Erin F. Haynes; Yao Yao; Russell Rhodes
Though previous linguistic research has produced a wide range of scholarship on second language acquisition, the field has only begun to examine heritage lan-guage acquisition in its own right. The few studies that have focused on the pho-nological competence of heritage speakers – that is, speakers who have had expo-
DIFFERENCES IN THE SPEECH OF MEN AND WOMEN. LINGUISTIC CONSTRUCTION AND PERFORMANCE OF GENDER: THE
- Zürcher Hochschule Winterthur; Departement Angewandte; Linguistik Kulturwissenschaften; Studiengang Übersetzen; Franziska Voegeli; German Subtitling; Of Gender-specific; English In The
ii Gender linguistics studies the way men and women speak or are spoken about. Because of its derivation from general linguistic gender conventions, the speech of the homosexual community has often been the subject of (socio-)linguistic study. Transvestites, and in particular drag kings and queens, can be considered part of that community. When constructing and performing their gender and sexual identity, they draw on the conventions of the linguistic behavior of men and women in their society. The speech of four protagonists from the documentary Venus Boyz is analyzed in terms of the gender identity created and performed through language...
Embodied Construction Grammar in Simulation-Based Language Understanding
We present Embodied Construction Grammar, a formalism for linguistic analysis designed specifi-cally for integration into a simulation-based model of language understanding. As in other construction grammars, linguistic constructions serve to map between phonological forms and conceptual representa-tions. In the model we describe, however, conceptual representations are also constrained to be grounded in the body’s perceptual and motor systems, and more precisely to parameterize mental simulations us-ing those systems. Understanding an utterance thus involves at least two distinct processes: analysis to determine which constructions the utterance instantiates, and simulation according to the parameters specified by those constructions. In this report, we...
“Hands-on communication”: Use of gestures in apes and humans
- Liebal Katja; Simone Pika
Abstract: This paper presents an overview of gestural communication in apes with focus on flexibility and adjustment of gesture use depending on the behavior of the recipient. The different species vary in the number and types of gestures they produce as a result of varying social structure, ecological conditions and cognitive skills. As opposed to humans, the majority of ape gestures is not characterized by symbolic or conventionalized features; nor are they used in triadic interactions to refer to outside entities. However, since the use of gestures in apes shows a high degree of individual variability and flexibility, which is...
Readers’ eye movements distinguish anomalies of form and content
- David Braze; Donald Shankweiler; Weijia Ni; Laura Conway Palumbo
Evidence is presented that eye-movement patterns during reading distinguish costs associated with the syntactic processing of sentences from costs associated with relating sentence meaning to real world probabilities. Participants (N 5 30) read matching sets of sentences that differed by a sin-gle word, making the sentence syntactically anomalous (but understandable), pragmatically anom-alous, or non-anomalous. Syntactic and pragmatic anomaly each caused perturbations in eye movements. Subsequent to the anomaly, the patterns diverged. Syntactic anomaly generated many regressions initially, with rapid return to baseline. Pragmatic anomaly resulted in lengthened read-ing times, followed by a gradual increase in regressions that reached a maximum...
THE SUBTLE BUT PERVASIVE INFLUENCE OF CLASS IN LEARNING AT SCHOOL. THE CASE OF MATHEMATICS
- Vanessa Ropera; Peter Gatesb
Many studies show a child’s academic success is a product of many factors, the majority of which are beyond the control and, sometimes, the knowledge of the classroom teacher. Through case studies of two children this study explores some of the factors which influence pupil success at school. We examine the direct and indirect influence on mathematics attainment of home and family background including the effects of the family socio-economic status and linguistic background. CLASS AND (MATHEMATICS) EDUCATION Current structural shifts in schools are “policies that do nothing to challenge deeper social and cultural inequalities ” (Whitty, 1997, p. 58)....
An improved multi-objective genetic algorithm for tuning linguistic fuzzy systems
- M. J. Gacto; R. Alcala ́; F. Herrera
Implementing and Testing Theories of Linguistic Constituency I:
- English Syllable Structure; Vsevolod Kapatsinski
comments on an earlier draft of this paper. KAPATSINSKI
What is gonzo? Hirst, UQ Eprint edition 2004-01-19 Page: 1 What is Gonzo? The etymology of an urban legend [word count: 6302]
The delightfully enigmatic and poetic ‘gonzo ’ has come a long way from its humble origins as a throw-away line in the introduction to an off-beat story about the classic American road trip of discovery. Fear and loathing in Las Vegas is definitely a classic of post-war literature and this small word has taken on a life of its own. A Google search on the Internet located over 597000 references to gonzo. Some had obvious links to Hunter S. Thompson’s particular brand of journalism, some were clearly derivative and others appear to bear no immediate connection. What, for example, is...
RESEARCH REVIEW MS 4.2 1988 LANGUAGE POLICY AMD THE COMMON LANGUAGE CONTROVERSY IB GHANA
- Alex K. Dzameshie
Ghana, like most African countries, is a multilingual nation. Various studies have revealed that Ghana has between 45 and 60 indigenous languages.1 This considerable linguistic and ethnic diversity potentially creates problems for effective national
Perception and production of linguistic and musical rhythm by Korean and English middle school students
- Lydia N. Slobodian
ABSTRACT: I examine rhythmic tendencies of Korean and Western middle school students in linguistic and abstract musical contexts using a series of speaking and clapping experiments. Results indicate a preference in both groups for beat subdivisions in small integer ratios and simple binary metric interpretations. These preferences are consistently more exaggerated in native English speaking students than in Korean students. Tempo was a significant factor in all tasks.
The development of sC onset clusters in interlanguage: Markedness vs. frequency effects
- Walcir Cardoso
The concept of markedness, as it is recognized today, has its origin in phonology, most notably in the work of Trubetzkoy (1939). After the advent of generative linguistic theory in the 1960s and its subsequent expansion into areas such as second language acquisition (e.g. White 1982), the concept
Teaching Treebanking by
- Martin Volk; Sofia Gustafson-capková; David Hagstr; Introduct Ion
Treebanks have become valuable resources in natural language processing (NLP) in recent years (Abeillé, 2003). A treebank is a collection of syntactically annotated sentences in which the annotation has been manually checked. The name derives from the fact that syntactic descriptions of sentences often come in the form of tree structures, in particular constituent trees. But treebank annotation has also been done in the framework of dependency grammar and recent annotation has also exceeded syntax towards semantic features such as predicate-argument structures or word senses. A treebank can serve as training corpus for natural language parsers, as repository for linguistic...
A redação nota dez
- Endruweit, Magali Lopes
Resumo não disponível