Investigating the underlying causes of SLI: A non-sign repetition test in British Sign Language
- Marshall, CR; Denmark, T; Morgan, G
There is controversy over the specificity of Specific Language Impairment (SLI), and whether it is caused by a deficit general to cognition or in mechanisms specific to language itself. We argue that evidence to resolve these conflicting positions could come from the study of children who are acquiring sign language and have SLI. Whereas speech is characterized by rapid temporal changes, the phonology of sign languages relies on the integration of visual information that is often produced simultaneously. These differences in the way linguistic information is processed can allow us to investigate whether SLI is caused by a sensory processing...
HEDGING THROUGH THE USE OF MODAL AUXILIARIES IN ENGLISH ACADEMIC DISCOURSE
- Tofan Dwi Hardjanto
As a communicative strategy, hedging plays a central role in academic writing. Numerous different linguistic forms can be used to express this strategy. This article attempts to investigate modal auxiliary verbs as the principal means of expressing hedging in English academic discourse. For this purpose, a corpus of 75 primary empirical research articles from economics, linguistics, medicine, natural sciences and engineering was analyzed quantitatively with the help of corpus linguistic method. The results revealed that modal auxiliaries were used most frequently in linguistics and economics and least frequently in engineering and natural sciences while their use in medicine came in...
A taste of the technical cuisine: metals and other ingredients
- Roldan Riejos, Ana Maria; Molina Plaza, Silvia
According to cognitive linguistics, language has an experiential origin based on perception, sensory motor activities and our knowledge of the world. Our thought operates by establishing similarities, links and associations that enable us to talk about one thing in terms of another as shown in the example of love as a journey (Lakoff and Johnson, 1980). Metaphor and metonymy are conceptual and linguistic tools that make possible most of these cognitive operations. Since metaphor is an essential element of human communication, the discourse of specialised disciplines includes metaphorical mappings and numerous examples of metaphorical expressions, for example in economics, where...
What can linguistic approaches bring to English for Specific Purposes?
- Gledhill, Christopher; Kübler, Natalie
Un lenguaje para recordar lenguas del viento: discursos sobre el uso de TIC para la preservación de las lenguas indígenas
- Salazar Giraldo, Maribel
En esta tesis examino los discursos sobre el uso de tecnologías de la información y la comunicación para la preservación de las lenguas indígenas a partir de tres planos de análisis: 1) Los discursos de valoración de la diversidad lingüística desde el periodo colonial hasta la actualidad y el lugar protagónico de las lenguas indígenas en las propuestas de protección y conservación de la diversidad cultural, promovida desde los pueblos indígenas, el Estado y organismos internacionales, particularmente la UNESCO. 2) Las prácticas perceptivas y nemónicas de la oralidad primaria en relación con los registros propuestos por la escritura alfabética y...
Involved In Writing Science: Nineteenth-Century Women in the Coruña Corpus
- Crespo, Begoña; Moskowich, Isabel
[Abstract]The aim of this work is to offer an overview of female scientific writing in English in the nineteenth century. In particular, we want to focus on the analysis of the more or less informational style of texts written by women. Variables such as discipline or subject-matter and genre will be used to measure the way in which the informative character of scientific texts develops once Empiricism is well settled. Assuming the andro-centric nature of scientific discourse in the Modern Age, the survey of these variables will help us explore the extent to which this
informational style is revealed in female...
Instalaciones artísticas de interacción: el espacio de la metáfora
- López Aguayo, Josefina
Con origen en la experimentación y surgidas a principios del siglo XX, las instalaciones artísticas interactivas devienen una nueva forma de expresión. Recientemente, gracias a los avances en robótica, inteligencia artificial y neurociencia, tales instalaciones alcanzan un nivel de alta sofisticación en la relación humano-máquina. Para estos espacios 'inteligentes' uso el término: Instalaciones Artísticas de interacción performática (IAI-P). Lo novedoso de estos entornos ha hecho que no hayan estudios que los analicen desde la perspectiva del agente. Con el objetivo de explorar este problema, se revisan tres teorías cognitivas relacionadas: la metáfora conceptual (Lakoff y Johnson), los esquemas imaginísticos (Johnson)...
From Sentiment to Sentimentality: A Nineteenth-Century Lexicographical Search
- Marie Banfield
The brief account of the lexicographical history of the word ‘sentiment' in the nineteenth century, and the table of definitions which follows it, grew from my increasing sense of the shifting and ambivalent nature of the term in the literature of the period, despite the resonance and the proverbial solidity of phrases such as ‘Victorian sentiment' and ‘Victorian sentimentality'. The table is self explanatory, representing the findings of a search, among a wide range of nineteenth-century dictionaries over the period, for the changing meanings accrued by the word ‘sentiment' over time, its extensions and its modifications. The nineteenth-century lexicographical history...
Neolithic Culture of Northeast India: A Recent Perspective on the Origins of Pottery and Agriculture
- Manjil Hazarika
Northeast India is a lesser-known area for archaeological research; however it will be discussed here in order to show the importance and potential for Neolithic research. Being a contact zone of South Asia, Southeast Asia, and East Asian countries, the region has a great diversity of cultural material dating from prehistoric times. Comparatively well-documented Neolithic cultural material is still described in a classificatory manner, which makes it further impossible to explain the basic terminological issue of Neolithic culture, which was the new way of life in the Prehistoric scenario. A fresh approach with archaeological, linguistic and ethnographic evidence is adapted...
Il Selvaggio 1926–1942: Architectural Polemics and Invective Imagery
- Michela Rosso
Within the framework of a special collection dedicated to the study of image-word relations in the press and their impact upon the dissemination of architecture within the public realm, the story of 'Il Selvaggio', the magazine published from July 13, 1924, until five weeks before the fall of Mussolini in 1943, assumes a significant relevance. Since its inception, and increasingly from 1926, 'Il Selvaggio' hosts, alongside articles and polemic essays, a varied range of graphic materials in different genres and forms of artistic expression. This heterogeneous visual catalogue, an expression of the versatile and eclectic culture of its founder,...
Processus de différenciation langagière dans les chroniques facebook
- Bigot, Violaine; Maillard-De La Corte Gomez, Nadja
This paper explores how linguistic heterogeneity is treated in a form of autobiographical writing published on the internet (facebook, wattpad…) by young people who present themselves as young woman, living in multicultural suburban areas, most of them with migrant backgrounds. These autobiographical writings, named " chroniques " appeared ten years ago. Hundreds of them were published, some of them reaching the milestone of 40 000 likes. 3 of these " chroniques " are studied in this paper. We first focus on alterity/identity construction processes through the introduction of new characters in the story. How are they presented and categorized as...
Theories about grammar as a resistance to linguistic dominance in Renaissance Naples
- Bistagne, Florence
Representation and Processing of Composition, Variation and Approximation in Language Resources and Tools
- Savary, Agata
In my habilitation dissertation, meant to validate my capacity of and maturity for directingresearch activities, I present a panorama of several topics in computational linguistics, linguisticsand computer science.Over the past decade, I was notably concerned with the phenomena of compositionalityand variability of linguistic objects. I illustrate the advantages of a compositional approachto the language in the domain of emotion detection and I explain how some linguistic objects,most prominently multi-word expressions, defy the compositionality principles. I demonstratethat the complex properties of MWEs, notably variability, are partially regular and partiallyidiosyncratic. This fact places the MWEs on the frontiers between different levels of...
Spoken Greek : basic course, units 1-12 /
- Kahane, Henry,
1902-1992.; Ward, Ralph L.,
1910-; Kahane, Renée.; United States Armed Forces Institute.; American Council of Learned Societies.
Intensive Language Program.; Linguistic Society of America.
"A 635" stamped on cover.
An investigation into the semantic-syntactic interface in typically developing children and children with grammatical specific language impairment.
- Gallon, N.J.
This thesis presents an initial investigation of the semantic-syntactic interface in a sub-group of children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI): the Grammatical (G)-SLI group. Previous research of this group has largely focused on their morpho-syntactic abilities and more recently on the morpho-phonological interface. In contrast, the semantic ability of children with SLI in general is an area that has received little investigation and the question remains as to whether their deficit extends to the semantic-syntactic interface. The thesis focuses on aspect. Understanding of lexical and grammatical aspect is investigated using grammatical judgement and sentence-picture matching tasks. The impact of aspect...
VIRTUAL SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE IN LINGUISTIC AND TOPOLOGICAL ASPECT
- Voronin, M.S.
This article considers main principles of virtualization of scientific research methods given linguistic and topological factor in forming the paradigm of virtual knowledge. Methods of researchers’ navigation in nonlinear virtual information environment using a multileveled mental representation of digital environment are also considered in this study. In addition, this article considers key approaches to assessing the validity of virtual scientific knowledge as a product of technogenic civilization.
PRAGMATIC ASPECT OF IMAGINARY SITUATION IN COMMUNICATIVE INTERACTION
- Boyko, A.K.; Velichko, .V.
This article deals with the issue of verbal communication that is a verbal interaction of the parts involved and achieved through sign systems, the major among which is the language. It is the diversity of linguistic means which the state of current attention of the interlocutors depends on. A hypothetical judgment possesses verbal influence upon the realm of emotions and interlocutors’ imagination. When creating this judgement, various models of formation, contemplation, acceptance and maintenance of dialogical communication are employed.
Decoding the socio-political meanings of Presidential “I” in Mubarak’s last presidential speech: A systemic-functional approach
- Amir H.Y. Salama
This paper seeks to explain the socio-political meanings of the deictic centre “I” in Mubarak’s last presidential speech on 10 February 2011. Crucially, the whole speech thematically revolves around such a deictic centre whose pragma-semantic gravity is well worth a thorough linguistic research, so that the following overarching research question can be addressed: what are the socio-political meanings pertaining to the pronoun “I” in Mubarak’s last presidential speech on 10 February 2011? The paper employs a tripartite systemic-functional model of analysis: transitivity, mood and theme. Each analytic strand corresponds to one aspect of contextual meaning in the speech: ideational, interpersonal...
A social network analysis of Twitter: Mapping the digital humanities community
- Martin Grandjean
Defining digital humanities might be an endless debate if we stick to the discussion about the boundaries of this concept as an academic “discipline”. In an attempt to concretely identify this field and its actors, this paper shows that it is possible to analyse them through Twitter, a social media widely used by this “community of practice”. Based on a network analysis of 2,500 users identified as members of this movement, the visualisation of the “who’s following who?” graph allows us to highlight the structure of the network’s relationships, and identify users whose position is particular. Specifically, we show that...
Corrigir ou avaliar : abordagem do texto escolar
- Oliveira, Ana Carolina Rosa Posuelo de
Este trabalho tem como objetivo apresentar como é realizada a avaliação escolar e questioná-la. Partindo de práticas comuns de avaliação, busquei discutir como superá-las para que esse momento se tornasse mais produtivo ao processo de ensino-aprendizagem do professor e dos alunos. A partir disso, o foco do meu trabalho voltou-se para o texto escrito e para a análise do que comumente tem sido encontrado em sala de aula: a correção de textos centrada nos erros dos alunos. A partir da problematização dessa prática, proponho nesse trabalho que o texto escolar seja alvo de uma avaliação que dê conta daquilo que...