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Nomenclatura Unesco > (57) Lingüística
(5701) Lingüística aplicada (5702) Lingüística diacrónica
(5703) Geografía lingüística (5704) Teoría lingüística
(5705) Lingüística sincrónica (5799) Otras especialidades lingüísticas (especificar)

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 56,677

1. A Linguagem Gerencial Analisada à Luz da Teoria dos Atos de Fala de J. L. Austin: estudo do pensamento de Peter Drucker - Stefani, Dorival De; Azevêdo, Ariston
http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8077.2014v16n40p173In this paper we analyzed the linguistic dimension of the administrative action in his managerial axis in the light of John L. Austin’s Theory of Speech Acts. As an object of analysis we chose the thought of an author of the management's classical literature on the subject, Peter Drucker, that from the set of his texts, we chose the books that have contributed significantly to the development of theory and managerial practice. From them we seek to identify symbolic forms that characterize the manager’s linguistic practice. We concluded that Drucker confines and directs the use of language as well as...

2. Provenzale e occitano: vicende glottonimiche - Regis, Riccardo
Ever since the Middle Ages, the dialects of southern France have been given a wide variety of linguistic labels, of which two stand out for their long-standing and widespread use, provençal and occitan. The present contribution is an attempt to reconstruct the historical and cultural events that, particularly in France and Italy, have motivated the prevalence of first one and then the other label. Finally, the present-day role of the terms provençal and occitan will be discussed according to the three levels of reference (?object-language?), ideology and the community.

3. Contribució de Josep Ibàñez i Senserrich a la difusió i a la reivindicació del català durant el Franquisme a la premsa: la primera etapa (1966-1967) de la secció "Aclariments lingüístics" de Tele/Estel - Casals Martorell, Daniel; Faura Pujol, Neus
L'objectiu d'aquest article és, en primer lloc, estudiar les seixanta-dues contribucions de Josep Ibàñez i Senserrich durant la primera etapa (1966-1967) de la secció «Aclariments lingüístics», publicada al setmanari escrit en català Tele/estel (1966-1970). La finalitat d'aquesta columna era difondre la normativa lingüística fixada per l'Institut d'Estudis Catalans i reivindicar l'ús públic de la llengua catalana. La reconstrucció d'aquest episodi ha permès incorporar-lo a la tradició de la premsa de Catalunya de divulgar la normativa lingüística des de les seves pàgines. El segon objectiu d'aquest treball és la reconstrucció biogràfica de Josep Ibàñez (1929-2004), un activista cultural i lingüístic que va desenvolupar la seva acció durant el tardofranquisme,...

4. Jornalismo e intertextualidade: uma análise da coluna de Bernardo Carvalho no Blog do IMS - Pacheco, Priscila Kichler
Este trabalho tem como objetivo analisar o funcionamento da intertextualidade em narrativas jornalísticas e compreender como se dá a construção de sentidos a partir do uso desse recurso linguístico, que caracteriza o diálogo entre textos. Para isso, utilizamos como objeto a coluna do jornalista Bernardo Carvalho no Blog do IMS (Instituto Moreira Salles). O corpus compreende os textos publicados no período entre o lançamento da coluna, em junho de 2014, e o início do desenvolvimento deste trabalho, em março de 2015. Com base nas referências intertextuais identificadas nos textos, esta pesquisa buscou analisar como a intertextualidade atua nas narrativas, criando...

5. En estil de fictes paraules que tenen sentits no fictes: anàlisi de locucions i col·locacions en Joan Roís de Corella en el context del llenguatge literari de la Corona d’Aragó en el segle XV - Martines Peres, Vicent
Aquest article presenta una mostra dels resultats de l’anàlisi detallada de locucions, col·locacions i altres elements fraseològics i d’ordre de mots significatius quant a la caracterització del cabal de llenguatge literari de Joan Roís de Corella. Aquesta anàlisi es fa amb metodologia interdisciplinar de base de lingüistica de corpus i de diacronia lingüistica, i amb el concurs de les tecnologies de la informació i la comunicació (humanitats digitals), que s’apliquen a l’anàlisi de l’aportació lèxica i estilística d’un autor clau com és Roís de Corella a fide calibrar el grau de sintonia i, alhora, d’especificitat del seu llenguatge literari; en...

6. Papel da informação na área da qualidade: do fordismo ao capitalismo cognitivo - JORGE,Vanessa de Arruda; ALBAGLI,Sarita
Este artigo objetiva analisar o papel da informação nas principais mudanças ocorridas na área da qualidade, de modo associado às transformações no trabalho. Com base em pesquisa e análise bibliográfica, desenvolveu-se um quadro analítico, em que se apresenta uma periodização dando conta da evolução das mudanças da informação, ao longo das diferentes fases históricas da qualidade, em sua relação com as transformações no trabalho, desde o fordismo até o capitalismo cognitivo. Conclui-se que a informação ganhou maior destaque nos processos de qualidade a partir do momento em que ganha também importância o trabalho imaterial, cognitivo e linguístico, como gerador de...

7. ‘Ideal learning ’ of natural language: Positive results about learning from positive evidence - Nick Chater A; Paul Vita´nyi B
been taken, by many cognitive scientists, to have powerful negative implications for the learnability of language from positive data (i.e., from mere exposure to linguistic input). This provides one, of several, lines of argument that language acquisition must draw on other sources of information, including innate constraints on learning. We consider an ‘ideal learner ’ that applies a Simplicity Principle to the problem of language acquisition. The Simplicity Principle chooses the hypothesis that provides the briefest representation of the available data—here, the data are the linguistic input to the child. The Simplicity Principle allows learning from positive evidence alone, given...

8. Some Perspectives on Understanding in Spoken Interaction - Jens Allwood
The concept of understanding has a key position in the study of spoken interaction. It is, for example, not unreasonable to regard spoken interaction, or for that matter linguistic

9. The Semantic Score Approach to the Disambiguation of PP Attachment Problem - Chao-lin Liu; Jing-shin Chang; Keh-yih Su
In a Natural Language Processing System which takes English as the source input lan-guage, the syntactic roles of the prepositional phrases in a sentence are difficult to identify. A large number of ambiguities may result from these phrases. Traditional rule-based approaches to this problem rely heavily on general linguistic knowledge, complicated knowledge bases and sophisticated control mechanism. When uncertainty about the attachment patterns is en-countered, some heuristics and ad hoc procedures are adopted to assign attachment preference for disambiguation. Hence, although the literatures about this topic are abundant, there is no guarantee of the objectiveness and optimality of these approaches....

10. Computational verb systems: Verbs and dynamic systems - Tao Yang
This paper is dedicated to machinself. Abstract. Computational verb systems are new systematic frameworks of artificial intelligence by embedding the knowledge and experiences which are expressed or implied by verbs into machine intelligence. It turns out that verbs are very important to describe the dynamics of complexities for the survival of human beings. Verbs are also very important building blocks for transferring and representing human experiences. The applications of verbs to modeling complexity are discussed. The dynamics of linguistic expressions are viewed as the usage of verbs. Nonlinear and linear dynamic systems are used to model and classify verbs. Based...

11. The architecture of the festival speech synthesis system - Paul Taylor; Alan W Black; Richard Caley
We describe a new formalism for storing linguistic data in a text to speech system. Linguistic entities such as words and phones are stored as feature structures in a general object called an linguistic item. Items are configurable at run time and via the feature structure can contain arbitrary information. Linguistic relations are used to store the relationship between items of the same linguistic type. Relations can take any graph structure but are commonly trees or lists. Utterance structures contain all the items and relations contained in a single utterance. We first describe the design goals when building a synthesis...

12. Thesaurus based automatic keyphrase indexing - Olena Medelyan
We propose a new method that enhances automatic keyphrase extraction by using semantic information on terms and phrases gleaned from a domain-specific thesaurus. We evaluate the results against keyphrase sets assigned by a state-of-the-art keyphrase extraction system and those assigned by six professional indexers. Categories and Subject Descriptors H.3.1 [Content Analysis and Indexing]: Indexing methods, linguistic processing, thesauruses.

13. Recognizingpatterns in electromechanical systems - P. J. Costa Branco; J. A. Dente

14. Indexing and Querying Linguistic Metadata and Document Content - Niraj Aswani; Valentin Tablan; Kalina Bontcheva; Hamish Cunningham
The need for efficient corpus indexing and querying arises frequently both in machine learning-based and human-engineered natural language processing systems. This paper presents the ANNIC system, which can index documents not only by content, but also by their linguististic annotations and features. It also enables users to formulate versatile queries mixing keywords and linguistic information. The result consists of the matching texts in the corpus, displayed within the context of linguistic annotations (not just text, as is customary for KWIC systems). The data is displayed in a graphical user interface, which facilitates its exploration and the discovery of new patterns,...

15. Computational situation theory - Erkan Tın; Varol Akman
Situation theory has been developed over the last decade and various versions of the theory have been applied to a number of linguistic issues. However, not much work has been Clone in regard to its com-putational aspects. In this paper, we review the existing approaches towards 'computational situation theory' with considerable emphasis on our own research.

16. BILINGUAL CORPORA AS A PLATFORM FOR CROSS-LINGUISTIC TREEBANK DEVELOPMENT 1 - Tzvetomira Venkova
The paper aims at exploring the opportunity of extending an existing treebank of one language to

17. Learning Correlations between Linguistic Indicators and Semantic Constraints: Reuse of Context-Dependent Descriptions of Entities
This paper presents the results of a study on the semantic constraints imposed on lexical choice by certain contextual indicators. We show how such indicators are computed and how correlations between them and the choice of a noun phrase description of a named entity can be automatically established using supervised learning. Based on this correlation, we have developed a technique for automatic lexical choice of descriptions of entities in text generation. We discuss the underlying relationship between the pragmatics of choosing an appropriate description that serves a specific purpose in the automatically generated text and the semantics of the description...

18. To memorize or to predict: Prominence labeling in conversational speech - A. Nenkova; J. Brenier; A. Kothari; S. Calhoun; L. Whitton; D. Beaver; D. Jurafsky
The immense prosodic variation of natural con-versational speech makes it challenging to pre-dict which words are prosodically prominent in this genre. In this paper, we examine a new fea-ture, accent ratio, which captures how likely it is that a word will be realized as prominent or not. We compare this feature with traditional accent-prediction features (based on part of speech and N-grams) as well as with several linguistically mo-tivated and manually labeled information structure features, such as whether a word is given, new, or contrastive. Our results show that the linguistic fea-tures do not lead to significant improvements, while accent...

19. Using Prosody in ASR: the Segmentation of Broadcast Radio News - Sasha Calhoun; Supervisors Mark Steedman; Stephen Isard; External Advisor; Helen Wright Hastie
This study explores how prosodic information can be used in Automatic Speech Recog-nition (ASR). A system was built which automatically identifies topic boundaries in a corpus of broadcast radio news. We evaluate the effectiveness of different types of features, including textual, durational, F0, Tilt and ToBI features in that system. These features were suggested by a review of the literature on how topic structure is indicated by humans and recognised by both humans and machines from both a linguistic and natural language processing standpoint. In particular, we investigate whether acoustic cues to prosodic information can be used directly to indicate...

20. Tagging historical corpora - the problem of spelling variation - Paul Rayson
Spelling issues tend to create relatively minor (though still complex) problems for corpus linguistics, information retrieval and natural language processing tasks that use ‘standard ’ or modern varieties of English. For example, in corpus annotation, we have to decide how to deal with tokenisation issues such as whether (i) periods represent sentence boundaries or acronyms and (ii) apostrophes represent quote marks or contractions (Grefenstette and Tapanainen, 1994; Grefenstette, 1999). The issue of spelling variation becomes more problematic when utilising corpus linguistic techniques on non-standard varieties of English, not least because variation can be due to differences in spelling habits, transcription...

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