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Nomenclatura Unesco > (57) Lingüística
(5701) Lingüística aplicada (5702) Lingüística diacrónica
(5703) Geografía lingüística (5704) Teoría lingüística
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Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 64,139

1. "O privilégio de reinventar a poesia" : vanguarda pop e reestruturação do tempo histórico na arte em New York nas décadas de 1960 e 1970 - Araujo, Marina Corrêa da Silva de
O presente trabalho tem o objetivo de analisar uma cena de poesia experimental desenvolvida em Nova York, na parte sul de Manhattan, especificamente o East Village, entre meados dos anos 1960 e meados dos anos 1970. Neste contexto, surgiram algumas comunidades poéticas que se caracterizavam por experimentalismos linguísticos, valorização da vida cotidiana na lírica poética, projetos de leitura e performance poética e formalismo linguístico, que visava alcançar uma nova vanguarda literária. Esta análise divide-se em três momentos, que procuram abarcar este fenômeno histórico: em primeiro lugar, trato dos primeiros movimentos desta cena de poesia, conhecido como New York School of...

2. Translating without In-domain Corpus: Machine TranslationPost-Editing with Online Learning Techniques - Lagarda Arroyo, Antonio Luís; Ortiz Martínez, Daniel; Alabau, V.; Casacuberta Nolla, Francisco
Globalization has dramatically increased the need of translating information from one language to another. Frequently, such translation needs should be satisfied under very tight time constraints. Machine translation (MT) techniques can constitute a solution to this overly complex problem. However, the documents to be translated in real scenarios are often limited to a specific domain, such as a particular type of medical or legal text. This situation seriously hinders the applicability of MT, since it is usually expensive to build a reliable translation system, no matter what technology is used, due to the linguistic resources that are required to build...

3. Estudio cuantitivo discreto sobre la simulación telemática en el aprendizaje del ingles - ANGELINI, MARÍA LAURA; García Carbonell, Amparo; Martínez Alzamora, Mª Nieves
El presente trabajo recoge los resultados de un estudio cuantitativo discreto a través de correlaciones entre variables y sub-variables de un cuestionario de aptitudes para determinar el impacto que tiene la simulación telemática en el progreso en destrezas lingüísticas en inglés. Se persigue un doble objetivo: comprobar si la simulación telemática constituye una herramienta eficaz en la adquisición de la lengua inglesa y contribuir a la investigación que nace desde la práctica en el aula de lenguas para fines especí- ficos. El estudio se lleva a cabo con una población experimental de cincuenta sujetos que cursa la carrera de ingeniería en telecomunicación de la Universitat Politècnica de Valencia....

4. Children who Stutter Exchange Linguistic Accuracy for Processing Speed in Sentence Comprehension - Fortunato-Tavares, T; Howell, P; Schwartz, RG; Andrade, C
Comprehension of predicates and reflexives was examined in children who stutter (CWS) and children who do not stutter (CWNS) who were between 7;9 and 10;2 years. Demands on working memory and manual reaction time were also assessed in two experiments that employed a four-choice picture-selection sentence comprehension task. CWS were less accurate than CWNS on the attachment of predicates. For reflexives, there was no between-group difference in accuracy, but there was a difference in speed. The two constructions induced processing at different points on a speed-accuracy continuum with CWS sacrificing accuracy to respond fast with predicates, whilst they maintained accuracy...

5. Discord and Consensus in the Low Countries, 1700-2000
All countries, regions and institutions are ultimately built on a degree of consensus, on a collective commitment to a concept, belief or value system. This consensus is continuously rephrased and reinvented through a narrative of cohesion and challenged by expressions of discontent and discord. The history of the Low Countries is characterised by both a striving for consensus and eruptions of discord, both internally and from external challenges. This interdisciplinary volume explores consensus and discord in a Low Countries context along broad cultural, linguistic and historical lines. Disciplines represented include early-modern and contemporary history; art history; film; literature; and translation...

6. Competencias de estudiantes iberoamericanos al finalizar la educación secundaria alta - Marisol Silva Laya
El artículo surge de un estudio exploratorio realizado en seis países (Brasil, Colombia, Chile, España, México y Perú) sobre las competencias desarrolladas por los jóvenes en secundaria alta. Se aplicaron encuestas a 14 41 estudiantes, 512 de sus profesores y a 1101 profesores de educación superior, a fin de explorar sus percepciones acerca del desarrollo de 20competencias genéricas en estudiantes del último año de ese nivel. Los resultados dibujan un panorama preocupante sobre la contribución de la secundaria a la formación de competencias genéricas que son vitales para el desempeño de los jóvenes, tanto en la escuela como en otros...

7. Creencias acerca de la interculturalidad y las prácticas educativas interculturales de los estudiantes universitarios de educación social en el contexto español - Rosa M. Rodríguez-Izquierdo
Este artículo analiza las creencias que tienen los estudiantes universita-rios de educación social en el contexto español sobre la noción de inter-culturalidad y sobre cómo han de ser abordadas las prácticas educativas en contextos multiculturales. El enfoque metodológico es cualitativo y las técnicas de investigación utilizadas para la recogida de datos fueron el cuestionario abierto y las entrevistas en profundidad. La principal técnica de análisis de la información fue el análisis de contenido. El estudio con-cluye que la mayoría de los estudiantes identifican la interculturalidad con la inmigración, que a su vez asocian con problemas o déficits, sobre todo lingüísticos...

8. El discurso político del hábitat. Algunas consideraciones - Brigette Taryn Cortés Ortiz
El hábitat se concibe en este artículo como un fenómeno político, y la política se mueve dentro del campo institucional que ha creado. Este documento explora la dimensión lingüística que conecta estos campos, puesto que el concepto de hábitat es un constructo semántico y retórico. Lo que se hace aquí es revisar las teorizaciones que al respecto hacen tres autores: Michel Foucault, Pierre Bourdieu y Teun Van Dijk, y su interconexión, haciendo referencia constante al hábitat como problema discursivo, y dejando claros los cimientos que permitan un análisis del discurso político, con el objetivo de esclarecer una lógica de dominación.

9. REFLEXIONES SOBRE EL TRABAJO DE CAMPO: LA UTOPÍA INTERSUBJETIVA EN UN MUNDO DESIGUAL - Gabriela Vargas Cetina
La antropología es una de las pocas disciplinas académicas, si no la única, que se basa en una intersubjetividad utópica, siempre a la búsqueda de una relación horizontal. En este tra - bajo reflexiono, a través de mis experiencias de investigación y escritura etnográfica, sobre los retos y problemas de la investigación intersubjetiva horizontal y la etnografía, en el contexto de algunos tipos de relaciones desiguales que hoy caracterizan a todo contexto cultural. Me centro en cómo en mi trabajo de campo he encontrado que la desigualdad lingüística incide en la desigual - dad musical. Muestro cómo estas desigualdades, a...

10. Contemporary Slavic word-derivation theories: An overview of the work from Polish linguistics - Koriakowcewa Elena I.
This paper describes the main research tendencies of the word-derivation theory in the Polish linguistics at the turn of 21st century. The synchronic and diachronic methods which are used in the analyses of derivative nests, categories and types of the Polish language are described. The article presents a short overview of the research produced by the Polish word-derivation linguists and historians of language who belong to Silesian linguistic school of thought, which deals with the “perspective evolution” of the derivational categories as applied to the parts of the speech. There is also a general overview of the Silesian approach to...

11. La font bizantina d’un passatge del Tirant: l’episodi del filòsof calabrès al capítol cx - Jordi Redondo
This paper revisites the theme of the sources of Tirant’s chapter cx, for which a highly probable origin depending on a folkloric tale has been suggested (Beltrán Llavador 2006). The author fosters a concrete source, the didactic Greek narrative poem entitled Ptokholeon, and bases his proposal on the intertextual analysis, both of subjects and of linguistic borrowings as well.

12. Análise em tempo aparente da vocalização variável da lateral pós-vocálica em Flores da Cunha (RS) - Battisti, Elisa; Moras, Viviane Tebaldi
O trabalho busca verificar, com análise de regra variável (LABOV 1972), (a) se há vocalização da lateral pós-vocálica (folga~fo[w]ga, hospital~hospita[w]) no português brasileiro falado em Flores da Cunha (RS), (b) qual a proporção de aplicação do processo e (c) os fatores linguísticos e sociais que o condicionam. Estudo anterior (TASCA 1999) na mesma comunidade com dados de entrevistas do VARSUL do início dos anos 1990 revelou não existir vocalização da lateral pós-vocálica nessa comunidade. O presente trabalho investiga novamente o processo em Flores da Cunha, agora com dados de entrevistas do BDSer, realizadas entre 2008 e 2009. A análise revela...

13. O aspecto fônico da língua : uma reflexão sobre o lugar do ouvinte na proposta Saussuriana - Stawinski, Aline Vargas
Há cem anos, Ferdinand de Saussure fora gravado para sempre na história das ciências. Considerado fundador da linguística como hoje a conhecemos, o estudioso ganhou fama graças à publicação do Cours de Linguistique Générale em 1916, obra que continua provocando o interesse de estudiosos da linguagem para muito além do seu valor histórico. Em meio às mais variadas leituras, pesquisas e descobertas de textos manuscritos, as reflexões do genebrino deram lugar à discussão sobre a definição do objeto da linguística e fora responsável por projetar caminhos para as futuras gerações de linguistas, cuja responsabilidade seria a de, enfim, estabelecer teorias...

14. Vocabulário controlado e redação de definições em dicionários de português para estrangeiros : ensaios para uma léxico-estatística textual - Finatto, Maria José Bocorny; Evers, Aline; Pasqualini, Bianca Franco; Kuhn, Tanara Zingano; Pereira, Aline Maciel
Estudo inicial em léxico-estatística textual para colher dados que subsidiem a construção de um vocabulário controlado (VC) de referência para a redação de definições em um dicionário de português para estrangeiros. Aproveitaram-se dados do vocabulário mais frequente em jornais populares brasileiros e foram analisados três diferentes corpora. Comparadas as palavras mais frequentes das fontes, avaliou-se o uso dos VCs para elaborar definições de verbetes-teste. Evidenciou-se o bom aproveitamento dos corpora e a relevância da estatística linguística para a composição do VC.

15. Oral corrective feedback: Its effects on the acquisition of english, teaching practices and teachers' and students' beliefs - Roothooft, Hanne
This doctoral thesis aims to contribute to the growing body of research which shows that oral corrective feedback or error correction is beneficial for second language acquisition. It also seeks to address the pedagogical question of how oral feedback can be implemented in communicative language classrooms. With these aims in mind, a series of three empirical studies was designed based on a review of the existing literature on oral corrective feedback. First of all, a quasi-experimental classroom study was carried out to compare the effects of two types of feedback on the accurate oral production and acquisition of the English...

16. Porcentaje de artículos altamente citados: una medida comparable del impacto de revistas entre campos científicos. - González-Betancor, Sara M.; Dorta-González, Pablo

[EN]This paper proposes an alternative bibliometric indicator for evaluating scholarly journals based on the percentage of highly cited articles in a journal. It compares such an index with the impact factor and the h-index by using different time windows and levels of citation that can determine when a document can be considered as highly cited compared to others of the same year and discipline. The main outcome of this comparison suggests that the best index for obtaining data distributions that are comparable between scientific fields is by taking the 20% citation percentile over a three-year time frame for considering citations.



17. Ciberdemocracia: El poder del discurso político-ideológico en Twitter en el contexto de la Comunidad Valenciana. - APARICIO MORENO, JOSÉ MANUEL
[EN] Cyberdemocracy tries to provide the basis for establishing improvements in democratic processes. Specifically, information and communication technologies are incorporated into policy decision-making. The objectives of cyberdemocracy are: to accomplish more direct citizen participation of the electorate in political decision-making; to develop greater fluidity of information and communication among citizens and their representatives so as to increase greater deliberation of the issues; and to enhance transparency and confidence amongst stakeholders and democratic actors. This thesis takes a new stance by assessing the situation of ideological discourse in our immediate environment, the specific case of the Valencian Community. The thesis analyses...

18. Linguistic needs in virtual communication and labour mobility: CoMoViWo Project. - García Carbonell, Amparo; Mac Donald, Penny; Montero Fleta, Maria Begoña; Pérez-Sabater, Carmen
The market economy, which is the driving force behind recent changes in the working dynamics of businesses and institutions, is compelling stakeholders in education to facilitate the acquisition of communicative competency in a second or foreign language as a means of preparing the workforce for mobile or virtual work. The CoMoViWo project, financed by the European Union s Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency (EACEA), aims to improve the employability of graduates by developing literacy training for virtual communication. The innovative aspect of this project is the fusion of communication, technology and multiculturality in association with business enterprises. The present...

19. Interpersonality in Legal Genres. Review - Gil Salom, María Luz
Interpersonality draws attention to the fact that writers do not simply produce texts but use language to offer a credible representation of themselves and their work, and to establish social relations with readers. research on interpersonality has been mainly carried out on texts in academic, scientific and technical genres (e.g. latour & Woolgar, 1979; hyland, 2004, 2005; hunston, 2005). however, as the editors point out in the introductory chapter, the interpersonal aspect of language still remains under-researched, dispersed and limited to a narrow range of genres and to a restricted notion of interpersonality in legal contexts. The present volume is intended to fill this gap and is therefore...

20. Maya Phytomedicine in Guatemala - Can Cooperative Research Change Ethnopharmacological Paradigms? - Hitziger, M; Heinrich, M; Edwards, P; Pöll, E; Lopez, M; Krütli, P
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: This paper presents one of the first large-scale collaborative research projects in ethnopharmacology, to bring together indigenous stakeholders and scientists both in project design and execution. This approach has often been recommended but rarely put into practice. The study was carried out in two key indigenous areas of Guatemala, for which very little ethnopharmacological fieldwork has been published. AIM OF THE STUDY: To document and characterize the ethno-pharmacopoeias of the Kaqchikel (highlands) and Q'eqchi' (lowlands) Maya in a transdisciplinary collaboration with the two groups Councils of Elders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The project is embedded in a larger collaboration...

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