Russian Deverbal Nouns: Lexical Denotation, Argument Structure & Translation Mismatches
- de Valdivia Pujol, Glòria
This thesis presents a descriptive empirical study of deverbal nominalizations. Very often what can be expressed by means of a deverbal noun can also be expressed by means of a verbal construction and vice-versa. Deverbal nouns are hybrid categories that have a mixture of verbal and nominal features. These nouns can denote either the action named by the base verb, being, in this case, a paraphrase of a verbal construction, or the result of that action. If nouns denoting processes are closer to verbs, nouns denoting a result, that is, a concrete or an abstract entity resulting from the action,...
The ABCs of New Zealand Sign Language: Aerial Spelling
- Wayne Forman; Napier New Zealand
Aerial spelling is the term given here for the way many deaf people in New Zealand, especially the elderly, manually repre-sent letters of the alphabet. It is simply a system using the in-dex finger to write letter(s) “in the air ” and is an integral part of New Zealand Sign Language (NZSL). Unfortunately, re-cent research into NZSL is either dismissive of it or fails to acknowledge it. This article describes aerial spelling and dis-cusses its nature, as well as its indifferent treatment in current literature. This article examines the nature and role of aerial spelling in New Zealand Sign Language...
2001: On becoming a person – The Internet, the Chakras and Neuro Linguistic Programming
The purpose of this study is to design a practical model allowing the reduction of stress, the increase of creativity and well being. We look at the evolution of Information Technology and the Internet and at the nature of Man based on spirituality (7 chakras) and modern theories of communication. 1.
First- and Second-Language Acquisition in Early Childhood
- Beverly A. Clark
Noting the importance of language ac-quisition for childrens physical, social, and cognitive development, this paper discusses first- and second-language acquisition in children. After providing background on second-language ac-quisition, the paper discusses the con-troversy surrounding bilingual educa-tion programs. The paper then explores what is known about language learn-ing, noting that in both first- and sec-ond-language acquisition, a stimulat-ing and rich linguistic environment will support language development. The paper concludes with a discussion of factors that contribute to students aca-demic success, including using stu-dents first language to provide aca-demic instruction for as long as pos-sible and using an active discovery approach to...
Bookmaker Based on Soft Computing Methods
- Petr Hušek; Renata Pytelková
Abstract:- The paper deals with the problem of the determination of prices on sport events in betting shops. This problem is solved using methods based on soft computing, especially fuzzy linguistic systems. The "electronic " bookmaker is created based on knowledge base given by an expert (a human bookmaker). As the expert knowledge can not be obtained precisely and it is expressed linguistically a fuzzy linguistic system was used to interpret it. The on soft computing based bookmaker was used to determine prices on tennis encounters and the results were compared with the prices generated by the human one. Key-Words:-...
Bitam: Bilingual topic admixture models for word alignment
- Bing Zhao; Eric P. Xing
We propose a novel bilingual topical ad-mixture (BiTAM) formalism for word alignment in statistical machine transla-tion. Under this formalism, the paral-lel sentence-pairs within a document-pair are assumed to constitute a mixture of hidden topics; each word-pair follows a topic-specific bilingual translation model. Three BiTAM models are proposed to cap-ture topic sharing at different levels of lin-guistic granularity (i.e., at the sentence or word levels). These models enable word-alignment process to leverage topical con-tents of document-pairs. Efficient vari-ational approximation algorithms are de-signed for inference and parameter esti-mation. With the inferred latent topics, BiTAM models facilitate coherent pairing of bilingual linguistic entities...
Language and the design of texts
- Hilary Janks
ABSTRACT: By demonstrating lexical and grammatical analysis – the rough work that underpins critical discourse analysis – this paper demonstrates the importance of grammatical knowledge for the critical reading of texts. It also provides readers with a grammar rubric for working systematically with the linguistic analysis of texts and argues that Fairclough's model enables teachers and students to move beyond text analysis to an examination of texts in contexts.
The ppg256 Series of Minimal Poetry Generators
- Nick Montfort
I discuss the four Perl poetry generators I have developed in the ppg256 series. My discussion of each program begins with the entire 256 characters of code and continues with an explication of this code, a description of aspects of my development process, and a discussion of how my thinking about computation and poetry developed during that process. In writing these programs, I came to understand more about the importance of framing to the reception of texts as poems, about how computational poetic concepts of part of speech might differ from established linguistic ones, about morphological and syntactical variability, and...
"Dérives du poème". La poétique dans l'oeuvre de Gaston Bachelard et le travail critique de Claude Esteban
- Bagdasarova, Satenik
Drawing on Claude Esteban�s essay �Dérives du poème�, this article offers a critical analysis of the conception of language underpinning the investment of the poetic act according to Bachelard. Published in Critique de la raison poétique in 1978 and typifying a 1980s critical approach, Esteban�s essay shows how Bachelard maintains and upholds the primacy of philosophy over poetics while at the same time claiming to surmount it. Through the prelinguistic union of words and things, and his investment of discourse in the word, Bachelard effectively reinforced the involvement of poetics in metaphysics, whereas his aim had been to disassociate the...
Glocal Features of In-flight Magazines: when Local Becomes Global. An Explorative Study
- Maci, Stefania Maria
In-flights are magazines distributed by commercial airlines to their passengers and contain news items concerning travel, business and general-interest features, including tourist resorts. The choice of resorts to be described in in-flight magazines seems to depend on the destinations reached by the flights and apparently reflects a cultural and business tendency to focus tourists� attention not just on popular destinations but also on less frequently advertised or less traditional tourism localities, and to invest in the rediscovery of local identities. Such rediscovery allows the exportation of local tourism to an international audience, thus providing considerable financial advantages.
It is the...
Eredità industriali, nuove identità urbane e potenzialità turistiche a Sesto San Giovanni
- Gavinelli, Dino
The case of Sesto San Giovanni (SSG), a town marked by a previously intense industrial development then into an equally fast decline of production, may show effectively the impact of the urban regeneration, with the implied redesign of landscape and land policies. The whole process of gradual dismissal of manufacturing, the dynamics of industrial restructuring and the urban processes of recovery, reuse, reclamation and enhancement are triggering a wide debate among geographers and in other fields of research. Being probably the most complex product of human civilization, the city is obviously the most sophisticated and clarifying subject for territorial, social,...
Allomorfessor: Towards unsupervised morpheme analysis
- Oskar Kohonen; Sami Virpioja; Mikaela Klami
Abstract. We extend the unsupervised morpheme segmentation method Morfessor Baseline to account for the linguistic phenomenon of allo-morphy, where one morpheme has several different surface forms. Our method discovers common base forms for allomorphs from an unanno-tated corpus. We evaluate the method by participating in the Morpho Challenge 2008 competition 1, where inferred analyses are compared against a linguistic gold standard. While our competition entry achieves high precision, but low recall, and therefore low F-measure scores, we show that a small model change gives state-of-the-art results. 1
Il turismo sul movimento delle mani. Proposta di turismo accessibile per sordi in lingua dei segni
- Danese, Lisa
Since a few years ago, travelling was often a dramatic experience for tourists with disabilities. Services and devices necessary to guarantee a comfortable journey usually were not made available neither by public touristic operators nor by private ones. More things must be done in the future to improve the services and devices , but the tourism concept idea has already evolved in the last ten years. The focus is now on the wellbeing of people. The first quality standard is the respect of the personal needs and the easy way to have access to all the facilities, the information and...
La descrizione linguistica del territorio nelle guide di Milano
- Cartago, Gabriella
Milan�s Guides from the second half of XIX century don�t seem to be very interested in linguistic history of the town and its current usage, evolving from the dialect to the adoption of the national language.
Two remarkable exceptions are the short treatises dues to Cesare Cantù from one side and Carlo Salvioni from the other.
Customer-friendly Approach or Pidginization of German Tourist Discourse
- Bosnar-Valkovic, Brigita; Gjuran-Coha, Anamarija
If the sentences or phrases like Fast Food-Konzept in Chile, Leonardo goes Gastronomie, Der Claim �Inspiration for modern living�, WM-Countdown läuft; Deutschland ist die fünftgrößte Incoming-Destination weltweit und � are considered, the first impression is that this is a typical mixture of both English and German. To all intents and purposes, they support the main part of a definition of pidgin language.
Communication plays a central role in tourism. As emphasized by numerous authors, it is a personification of tourism; conversely tourism could be said to totally encompass a system of communication. As it is a crucial component of the...
La representación de Andalucía en la guía Routard / Trotamundos
- Bordonaba Zabalza, María Cristina
A travel guide author bases their writing on the notions they have developed of the would-be traveller and therefore chooses appropriate subject matter which will encourage the traveller to a have a new experience. In order to reach their goal, the author selects the linguistic and discourse strategies that will best help to persuade the reader to visit a place. The Routard/Trotamundos guide, which is the object of this present study, aims to reject the linguistic and discourse stereotypes underlying the conventions of the genre. It therefore proposes a fresh and more realistic vision of a destination.
Moreover, the study of...
Questions of Mediation in the Translation of Tourist Texts
- Agorni, Mirella
The notion of �mediation� - meant as a symbolic space for interplay and negotiation - is one on the main characteristic of the language of tourism. The force of tourism communication lies in its capacity to develop a language capable of coping with the functions and needs of the extremely diverse components of this field. Hence, a variety of discursive strategies and linguistic features are exploited and textually organised into hybrid text genres, in order to meet the needs of professionals working in several areas (transport, tourist information, tourist accommodation etc).
Not only is tourism communication subject to a high...
REVIEW ARTICLE Functionalism is/n’t formalism: an interactive review of Darnell et al. (1999)1
- Andrew Carnie; Norma Mendoza-denton
colleges across the United States, ‘ formalist ’ linguistics is implicitly under-stood to be at cross-purposes with ‘functionalist ’ linguistics. The Linguistics Department’s only course on non-minimalist syntax is famously nicknamed ‘Bad Guys’. Although the linguistics department forms a unified front, malcontent quietly simmers across campus as functionalist sociolinguists, discourse analysts, grammaticalization specialists and linguistic anthropol-ogists outnumber formalists, though they roam within their own language-department fiefdoms. Politeness and cooperation reign among senior faculty linguists, who have realized that antagonism only hurts students and pro-grams in all the language sciences. The junior faculty are more brash: they work hard, publish a...
2 A Linguistic ‘Time Capsule’: The Newcastle Electronic Corpus
- Of Tyneside English; Hermann Moisl
The general goal of this chapter is to outline the models and methods underpinning the Newcastle Electronic Corpus of Tyneside English (NECTE), created by the amalgamation of two separate corpora of recorded speech from the same geographical location. The earliest of
Relación entre normas generales y normas individuales: un paralelismo entre la lingüística y la disciplina jurídica en torno al concepto de institución
- Lell, Helga María
The scientific characteristic of legal studies is usually under debate. The particularities that they have are not theirs
exclusively but also can be found in other �sciences�. However, many of these other disciplines are considered scientific even when they face the same problems. In this article I present a parallel between Legal 'Science' and Linguistics. To do so, I depart from an idea that is that to explore the structural coincidences and the differences the scientific objects of Linguistics and Legal Science is useful in order to comprehend from a new perspective the problems that are faced by the legal knowledge when it comes to approach...