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Nomenclatura Unesco > (57) Lingüística
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Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 48,165

1. Systemic functional linguistics and discourse analysis as alternatives when dealing with texts - García Montes, Paula Andrea; Sagre Barboza, Ana María; Lacharme Olascoaga, Alba Isabel

2. Learning to Parse Natural Language with Maximum Entropy Models - Adwait Ratnaparkhi
This paper presents a machine learning system for parsing natural language that learns from manually parsed example sentences, and parses unseen data at state-of-the-art accuracies. Its machine learning technology, based on the maximum entropy framework, is highly reusable and not specific to the parsing problem, while the linguistic hints that it uses to learn can be specified concisely. It therefore requires a minimal amount of human effort and linguistic knowledge for its construction. In practice, the running time of the parser on a test sentence is linear with respect to the sentence length. We also demonstrate that the parser can...

3. Dissemination of principles put forward by the Explanatory Combinatorial Dictionary: three case studies - Reuther, Tilmann
Dissemination of linguistic principles put forward by the Explanatory Combinatorial Dictionary (ECD) is a key issue for the dissemination of Meaning -Text Theory. The topic of this paper is the author's experience with developers of teaching materials and special dictionaries with regard to the implementation of three ECD principles - (1) the lexicographic definition of a word's meaning, (2) the government pattern of a given lexeme and (3) the collocations of a given lexeme - within the framework of three projects - (A) the Russian - German CALLex Project (1995-1996), (B) the Russian Verb Project (2004-2006) and (C) the Slovenian Military Terminology Project (2005 - 2006). Evident...

4. Towards a formal description of Serbian compounds within a meaning-text linguistic model - Milicevic, Jasmina
The paper proposes a preliminary description of Serbian compounds within a Meaning-Text model. It focuses on synchronic productive compounds, constructed by word-formation rules, as opposed to diachronic compounds, stored in the dictionary. Properties of synchronic compounds are established and sample rules are formulated allowing for their synthesis from underlying semantic representations. Some "intermediate cases" of compounding are discussed and their possible treatment outlined.

5. E-nfancias: Construcciones cartográficas de internet a partir del análisis de las experiencias de la niñez - Daza, Carlos Eduardo
El presente artículo tiene como finalidad socializar algunos de los resultados de la investigación titulada: “Análisis de relatos infantiles acerca de Internet”[1], que construye el sentido de internet desde las narrativas infantiles.   Desde la significación de Internet como lugar, se esboza un ejercicio cartográfico a partir del desarrollo de mapas y esquemas lingüísticos tomados de los desarrollos académicos, teóricos e investigativos para el análisis de las narrativas infantiles de la Doctora en ciencias del lenguaje Flor Alba Santamaría.   Se pretende así, que al realizar el recorrido propuesto por los relatos de los niños y niñas se construya colectivamente...

6. Estudio de los sociolectos en una red personal de hablantes mirandinos - Urdaneta, Lesbia; Cayón Padilla, Alberto; Parra, Doris
The following article has the proposed to interpret the sociolects, that uses the speakers, members of a personal social network, located in Punta de Palmas, municipality of Miranda, Zulia States, to see if they relate to the linguistic variables and social variables within the group that constitute the observed network. This study is based on the theoretical approach of sociolinguistic networks, where exegeses are relationships between people, as they are connected or capable of being linked to other. Being the units of analysis, the immediate social environment of the respondent base (or focus) and the linkages between it and the...

7. La mediación intercultural sociosanitaria: implicaciones y retos - Burckhardt, Adil Qureshi; Revollo, Hilda–Wara; Collazos Sánchez, Francisco; Visiers Würth, Cristina; El Harrak, Jannat
La comunicación es una pieza esencial en el desafío que implica una asistencia sanitaria de calidad a los pacientes inmigrantes o de minorías étnicas. Las diferencias lingüísticas y culturales pueden afectar seriamente el proceso comunicacional comprometiendo seriamente la evaluación diagnóstica y el tratamiento médico. Una manera de superar estas barreras es la mediación intercultural. El mediador intercultural facilita la comunicación y la relación terapéutica, actuando como un puente cultural y lingüístico entre usuario y profesional con el fin de neutralizar las diferencias en la calidad asistencial a los grupos culturalmente diferentes de nuestro medio. El trabajo del mediador intercultural es complejo y requiere conocimientos específicos y habilidades que...

8. Un lenguaje único y semióticas diferentes en la materialidad de los signos lingüísticos - Riestra, Dora

9. Etapas no pensamento linguístico de Ricardo Carvalho Calero - Montero Santalha, José-Martinho

10. Understanding heritage language acquisition : some contributions from the research on heritage speakers of European Portuguese - Flores, Cristina
The present paper aims to contribute to our understanding of heritage language acquisition by focusing on the results of three studies on heritage speakers of European Portuguese living in Germany (Flores and Barbosa, 2014, Santos and Flores, 2013 and Rinke and Flores, 2014), thus highlighting the European perspective on this topic. The participants of these studies are second-generation immigrants who use their heritage language productively in their daily interactions. In particular it is argued that heritage speakers are highly proficient bilingual speakers who develop a particular linguistic knowledge because they are exposed to particular input conditions. In this sense, the...

11. “Audiovisual translation comes of age” - Diaz-Cintas, J
"This book sets out to establish the state of the art of screen translation and at the same time to underscore the work of scholars following new paths of investigation both in terms of innovative linguistic mediations being examined and ...

12. Automatic Selection of HPSG-Parsed Sentences for Treebank Construction - Marimon, Montserrat; Bel, Nuria; Padró, Lluís
This article presents an ensemble parse approach to detecting and selecting high-quality linguistic analyses output by a hand-crafted HPSG grammar of Spanish implemented in the LKB system. The approach uses full agreement (i.e., exact syntactic match) along with a MaxEnt parse selection model and a statistical dependency parser trained on the same data. The ultimate goal is to develop a hybrid corpus annotation methodology that combines fully automatic annotation and manual parse selection, in order to make the annotation task more efficient while maintaining high accuracy and the high degree of consistency necessary for any foreseen uses of a treebank.

13. A gramática pela fábula. Ou: A fábula pela gramática - Moura Neves, Maria Helena de
Com o propósito de análise da função de que se reveste a fábula, parte-se de sua conceituação, historicamente vinculada à arte retórica, à força didática e ao valor literário, para chegar a uma análise gramatical da estrutura narrativa em que o gênero se apresenta. Dentro do ponto de vista funcionalista que dirige o estudo, a função determina a estrutura, e, nessa linha, o estudo mostra a fábula resolvida em modos particulares de ativação de processos básicos de constituição do enunciado, como o estabelecimento das predicações e a criação da rede referencial de seus participantes. É determinante, já no ponto de...

14. Tutela de las minorías lingüísticas y competencia legislativa regional - Pizzorusso, Alessandro

15. Semantic transition rules (of the semantic module of the meaning-text linguistic model) - Mel'Cuk, Igor
The paper sketches the structure of the linguistic part within the main component of the Semantic Module of the Meaning-Text linguistic model, namely-the structure of the set of Semantic Transition Rules (the semantics-syntax interface). These rules fall into two major types: Lexicalization rules, which specify the labels on the nodes of the DSyntS, vs. Arborization rules, which characterize the DSynt-tree itself. Lexicalization rules include lexical rules (for the lexical part of the node labels) and inflectional rules (for the grammemic part of such labels); lexical rules describe either genuine lexical units (actual ones, stored in the lexicon, and potential ones, constructed by productive composition and derivation rules) or...

16. False emptiness: are so-called "parasitical words" really semantically void? - Levontina, Irina; Shmelev, Alexei
Modern semantics gradually masters the increasing quantity of units which earlier were considered semantically "empty" discovering that they have rich and intricate meanings (this is true, in particular, of verbs designating lexical functions, various discourse words, etc.), this trend being an outgrowth of some ideas of the Meaning-Text Theory. The remaining items still often viewed as semantically empty units are those "semi-words" which in terms of speech standards are described as "parasitical words". The emptiness of such items is imaginary. In each particular case, the considered items may be omitted; however, their full absence in a sentence can produce the impression of pragmatic incorrectness, and the full absence...

17. A descuberta do país a través dos textos literarios - Angueira, Anxo
A literatura, polo menos no caso de Galicia, é unha múltiple descuberta sobre a propia nación negada: lingüística, histórica, socio-política... No aspecto xeográfico, a literatura utilizou a paisaxe desde o Rexurdimento (Rosalía de Castro) dun xeito dignificador. Por outro lado, moitos actores asociaron a súa poética literaria a unha paisaxe, a un espazo concreto, tradición xa medieval que chea ós nosos días e que nos continúa descubrindo as múltiples realidades (culturais, políticas, sociais...) de Galicia

18. The meanings of landscape: historical development, cultural frames, linguistic variation, and antonyms - Werner, Bigell; Chang, Cheng
The article presents the shifts of meaning of the term landscape in English and other Germanic languages, from territory to vista and social arena. The concept of landscape forms part of a cultural frame of reference, and changes in the cultural context also affect the meaning of landscape. The dependency of the meaning of landscape on context is shown in an overview of what landscape means in other languages: Spanish, Russian, Thai, Arabic, and Chinese. The different meanings of landscape can also be elucidated by identifying its antonyms, the anti-landscape and the non-landscape. Although commonly criticized in the academic field...

19. Una aproximación a la relación música-política a través de la cantata la fragua del compositor Sergio Ortega (1938-2003) - Herrera Ortega, Silvia
Este trabajo propone un marco interpretativo para configurar la relación entre música y política, a través de la cantata La Fragua de Sergio Ortega. La lectura del contexto literario de la obra nos sugiere tres formas de reconocer la trama política: crónica, ideología e historia, las que dialogan-para la realización del análisis poético-musical (palabras y sonidos)- con tres ejes conceptuales recogidos de la lingüística y sociología: narrativa, sentido, tendencia, y los tres niveles del análisis musical semiológico: poiético, neutro, aestésico. Con estos materiales se analizan fragmentos de esta obra, explorando el mundo afectivo que la genera y la fuerza que...

20. Leemúsica: enseñanza del lenguaje musical en educación infantil (3 a 5 años) con apoyo de las tic - Castañón, María del Rosario; Vivaracho Pascual, Carlos Enrique
Introducing musical language at early ages (3 to 5 years old) asks the collaboration with the reading and writing process in a global conception of learning. Associating sounds and its graphics is a simultaneous development of musical and linguistic space. It contributes also to the development of psychomotor aspects and hand to eyes coordination, to the improvement of the use of voice and sound production, the breathing, and the rhythmic relationship of syllables and words, to the refinement of vocal and ear tuning, as well as it introduces children in some creative and interpretative skills which helps their expressive capacities....

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