Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 4.534

  1. Automatic indexing of multimedia documents as a starting point to annotation process

    Sidhom , Sahbi; David , Amos
    Automatic text analysis widened the perspective of work on document contents by opening up the studies on the linguistic productions. In this case, we are using annotation as a case study. In our approach, annotation is defined as textual, graphic or sound information, attached to document source (text, photo, audio sequence or video sequence : multimedia). The source of our corpus is from INA databases (ie. Institut National de l'Audiovisuel, Paris). Our research task consisted of identifying what are the appropriate characteristics of a multimedia document, its context and information retrieval in the context of natural language processing (NLP), automatic...

  2. Roles of the Body in Learning

    Dohn , Nina Bonderup
    In recent years research in fields as diverse as philosophy, pedagogy, psychology, and anthropology has shown that the knowledge people possess in practice may not always be linguistically expressible 1. Part of what practitioners know can certainly be and normally also is formulated in textbook knowledge as well as in rules of thumb, sayings, and the like, but still, a large part is more readily understood as made up of skills, 'know how', 'ways of going about the practice', and so on, which cannot be adequately explicated in words. Often, for example, the experienced nurse can tell that something is...

  3. Documenting social and stylistic norms in danish cinema: The contribution of content analysis to visual communication

    Eskjaer , Mikkel; Helles , Rasmus
    Content analysis and visual communication
    Content analysis represents one of the main methodological approaches in media and communications studies (Krippendorff, 2004; Riffe, Lacy, & Fico, 2005). Despite its wide application in media studies (Deacon, Pickering, Golding, & Murdock, 2007), content analysis and other quantitative approaches have played a rather limited role in visual studies in general, and in film studies in particular - with the exception of pioneering works such as (Bordwell, Staiger, & Thompson, 1985). The aim of the paper is to demonstrate the usefulness of content analysis as a methodological resource in the analysis of visual communication, thereby...

  4. Compte-rendu de Pietro U. Dini, ALILETOESCUR : linguistica baltica delle origini, Livorno, Books & Company, 2010, 844 pages

    Petit , Daniel
    Publié dans le Bulletin de la Société de Linguistique de Paris, 108/2, p. 67-72

  5. Review of William R. Schmalstieg, Studies in Old Prussian, A Critical Review of the Relevant Literature in the Field from 1975 until 2005. Pietro U. Dini (ed.), 2015, Vilnius, Vaga, 479 pages

    Petit , Daniel
    Publié dans Acta Linguistica Lithuanica, 72, p. 263-268

  6. The linguistic heritage of the scandinavians in Normandy

    Ridel , Elisabeth
    [éd. Jon ADAMS et Kathy HOLMAN, Turnhout, Brepols (Medieval Texts and Cultures of Northern Europe ; vol. 4)]

  7. Alexandria: a web 2.0 interface displaying linguistic data for the web semantic

    Dutoit , Dominique

  8. The Alsatian Connection: La préservation du patrimoine culturel de la "Petite Alsace du Texas"

    Weider, Troy
    The rural Texan community of Castroville was founded in September 1844 by Henri Castro and a few dozen European colonists. The majority of these immigrants were from the French border region of Alsace, which had long been fought over by the French and the Germans. These Alsatians possessed their own unique regional culture that was the product of this complicated history, and while they were French citizens, their language, cuisine, architecture, and customs were Germanic in origin. This community, while fewer than 30 miles west from San Antonio, remained very isolated for one hundred years, and it preserved the language...

  9. Corpus-amostra português do século XVIII : textos antigos de medicina em atividades de ensino e pesquisa

    Finatto, Maria José Bocorny
    De acordo com os princípios da Linguística de Corpus, este artigo apresenta um conjunto de procedimentos iniciais para o desenho de um corpus composto por uma amostra de textos médicos antigos impressos em português do século XVIII sobre o tema "doenças e seus tratamentos". Este corpus-amostra será parte de um ambiente virtual dedicado ao estudo de temas históricos de Lexicologia e de Terminologia. Um estudo piloto foi conduzido para verificar as vantagens e desvantagens do tratamento de um conjunto de textos com a ortografia original e com a ortografia atualizada com o uso de duas ferramentas computacionais para processamento de...

  10. Tradução e terminologia : relações necessárias e a formação do tradutor

    Bevilacqua, Cleci Regina; Kilian, Cristiane Krause
    O objetivo deste texto é apresentar a relação existente entre Tradução e Terminologia, enfocando os aspectos relativos à formação dos futuros tradutores bem como à sua atuação profissional na área. Enfocam-se alguns aspectos teóricos da Terminologia a partir da Teoria Comunicativa da Terminologia (TCT) e são tratados e exemplificados aspectos relativos ao estabelecimento de equivalentes no texto de chegada (TC) para os termos do texto de partida (TP), à identificação de formas variantes para um mesmo termo e à neologia terminológica. Além disso, busca-se mostrar os critérios de avaliação de produtos terminográficos e sua aplicação na escolha de recursos que...

  11. The Mapping between the Mental and the Public Lexicon

    Sperber , Dan; Wilson , Deirdre
    We argue that the presence of a word in an utterance serves as starting point for a relevance guided inferential process that results in the construction of a contextually appropriate sense. The linguistically encoded sense of a word does not serve as its default interpretation. The cases where the contextually appropriate sense happens to be identical to this linguistic sense have no particular theoretical significance. We explore some of the consequences of this view. One of these consequences is that there may be many more mentally represented concepts than there are linguistically encoded concepts.

  12. Does Linguistic Communication Rest on Inference?

    Recanati , François
    It is often claimed that, because of semantic underdetermination, one can determine the content of an utterance only by appealing to pragmatic considerations concerning what the speaker means, what his intentions are. This supports ‘inferentialism' : the view that, in contrast to perceptual content, communicational content is accessed indirectly, via an inference. As against this view, I argue that primary pragmatic processes (the pragmatic processes that are involved in the determination of truth-conditional content) need not involve an inference from premisses concerning what the speaker can possibly intend by his utterance. Indeed, they need not involve any inference at all...

  13. When is a conclusion worth deriving? A relevance-based analysis of indeterminate relational problems

    Van Der Henst , Jean-Baptiste; Sperber , Dan; Politzer , Guy
    When is a conclusion worth deriving? We claim that a conclusion is worth deriving to the extent that it is relevant in the sense of relevance theory (Sperber & Wilson, 1995). To support this hypothesis, we experiment with "indeterminate relational problems" where we ask participants what, if anything, follows from premises such as A is taller than B, A is taller than C. With such problems, the indeterminate response that nothing follows is common, and we explain why. We distinguish several types of determinate conclusions and show that their rate is a function of their relevance. We argue that by...

  14. Inept reasoners or pragmatic virtuosos? Relevance and the deontic selection task

    Girotto , Vittorio; Kemmelmeir , Markus; Sperber , Dan; Van Der Henst , Jean-Baptiste
    Most individuals fail the selection task, selecting P and Q cases, when they have to test descriptive rules of the form “If P, then Q”. But they solve it, selecting P and not-Q cases, when they have to test deontic rules of the form “If P, then must Q”. According to relevance theory, linguistic comprehension processes determine intuitions of relevance that, in turn, determine case selections in both descriptive and deontic problems. We tested the relevance theory predictions in a within-participants experiment. The results showed that the same rule, regardless of whether it is tested descriptively or deontically, can be...

  15. Clausal Equations (A Note on the Connectivity Problem)

    Schlenker , Philippe
    To appear, Natural Language & Linguistic Theory

  16. Situated mental representations

    Dokic , Jérôme
    Situation theorists such as John Barwise, John Etchemendy, John Perry and François Recanati have put forward the hypothesis that linguistic representations are situated in the sense that they are true or false only relative to partial situations which are not explicitly represented as such. Following Recanati's lead, I explore this hypothesis with respect to mental representations. First, I introduce the notion of unarticulated constituent, due to John Perry. I suggest that the question of whether there really are such constituents should divide in two issues, one concerning language and the other concerning thought (§1). Then I formulate a dilemma that...

  17. Zellig Harris's theory of syntax and linguistic reflexivity

    De Brabanter , Philippe
    I provide a brief overview of Harris's theory of syntax and proceed to examine how such a theory can deal with some of the particular issues raised by utterances containing instances of mention and quotation.

  18. Foreign-Language Quotations and Code-Switching: the Grammar Behind

    De Brabanter , Philippe
    In this paper, I look into a minor language-contact phenomenon — foreign-language quotations — and explore its connections to a widely studied language-contact phenomenon — code-switching. Rather than focus on the sociolinguistic dimension of these phenomena, I concentrate on the issue of their grammaticality. I start from the widely accepted assumption that code-switchers are competent bilingual speakers and that there is a grammar underlying code-switched utterances. I then turn to a variety of cross-linguistic quotations and examine its connections to code-switching. My hypotheses are (i) that the use of quotations from other languages is also grammatically constrained, (ii) that the...

  19. Deferential Utterances

    Stojanovic , Isidora; De Brabanter , Philippe; Villanueva Fernandez , Neftali; NICOLAS , David
    Our aim in this paper is to clarify the distinctions and the relationships among several phenomena, each of which has certain characteristics of what is generally called “deference”. We distinguish linguistic deference, which concerns the use of language and the meaning of the words we use, from epistemic deference, which concerns our reasons and evidence for making the claims we make. In our in-depth study of linguistic deference, we distinguish two subcategories: default deference (roughly, the ubiquitous fact, noted by externalists like Burge or Putnam, that the truth conditions of our utterances are determined with respect to the language parameter...

  20. The impact of autonymy on the lexicon

    De Brabanter , Philippe
    In this paper, I examine the relations between the English lexicon and the discourse phenomenon that consists in quoting or mentioning a linguistic object, as in "The word ‘why' was spelt incorrectly" (henceforth, ‘autonymy'). Autonymy turns out to underlie the formation of a substantial number of lexemes, all of which may be assumed to derive from a quoted word or sequence rather than from an ‘inert' item. This is a word-formation process that has been largely overlooked by lexicographers, who have tended to consider that the input to word formation was provided by lexemes, stems and affixes, in other words,...

Aviso de cookies: Usamos cookies propias y de terceros para mejorar nuestros servicios, para análisis estadístico y para mostrarle publicidad. Si continua navegando consideramos que acepta su uso en los términos establecidos en la Política de cookies.