Mostrando recursos 121 - 140 de 4.352

  1. The design and integration of ESP content in an upper-intermediate online course

    Martínez Sáez, Antonio; Gimeno Sanz, Ana
    Language instructors who adopt the role of materials writers in order to provide their students with more accurate tailor-made learning resources usually start by closely examining their learners? needs and demands, as well as the distinctive features of the teaching context or situation in which those materials are going to be implemented. This idea is especially relevant when the linguistic resources are developed to be used by future engineers who access them to practice and learn a language that will have a dominant presence in their future working environment. This is a fact that encouraged the authors to design an...

  2. E essa é a minha opinião

    Costa, Ana Luísa; Cerqueira, Sónia; Carreto, Vanessa
    In this article, we present an empirical study on early argumentative writing, in opinion texts written by children of the 2nd and 4th grade (1st cycle of basic education). The analysis of discourse and linguistic properties shows early skills in written argumentation. These results call into question the Portuguese teaching guidelines, which only begin providing for the writing of opinion texts in the 5th grade. This study also brings to light the conclusions of similar studies (Brassart, 1990, Leal & Morais, 2006) and contributes to the characterization of writing development and linguistic awareness in the initial school years.

  3. E essa é a minha opinião

    Costa, Ana Luísa; Cerqueira, Sónia; Carreto, Vanessa
    In this article, we present an empirical study on early argumentative writing, in opinion texts written by children of the 2nd and 4th grade (1st cycle of basic education). The analysis of discourse and linguistic properties shows early skills in written argumentation. These results call into question the Portuguese teaching guidelines, which only begin providing for the writing of opinion texts in the 5th grade. This study also brings to light the conclusions of similar studies (Brassart, 1990, Leal & Morais, 2006) and contributes to the characterization of writing development and linguistic awareness in the initial school years.

  4. No limiar da escrita argumentativa

    Costa, Ana Luísa
    The aim of this paper is to contribute with some empirical evidence to the study of the development of argumentative writing. Curricular documents and Portuguese syllabi over the past 30 years have neglected argumentative writing, as the writing of personal opinion texts in the 1st cycle of Basic Education. Although some literature on writing development conceives argumentative writing as a late skill, some research on argumentative writing development brings into debate the importance of promoting writing skills within different textual genres, specifically with argumentative texts, in order to improve linguistic literacy and increase writing skills.

  5. No limiar da escrita argumentativa

    Costa, Ana Luísa
    The aim of this paper is to contribute with some empirical evidence to the study of the development of argumentative writing. Curricular documents and Portuguese syllabi over the past 30 years have neglected argumentative writing, as the writing of personal opinion texts in the 1st cycle of Basic Education. Although some literature on writing development conceives argumentative writing as a late skill, some research on argumentative writing development brings into debate the importance of promoting writing skills within different textual genres, specifically with argumentative texts, in order to improve linguistic literacy and increase writing skills.

  6. Neural Machine Translation by Generating Multiple Linguistic Factors

    Garcia-Martinez, Mercedes; Barrault, Loïc; Bougares, Fethi
    11 pages, 3 figues, SLSP conference

  7. Neural Machine Translation by Generating Multiple Linguistic Factors

    Garcia-Martinez, Mercedes; Barrault, Loïc; Bougares, Fethi
    11 pages, 3 figues, SLSP conference

  8. The neural computation of scalar implicature

    Hartshorne, Joshua; Snedeker, Jesse; Liem Azar, Stephanie Yen-Mun; Kim, Albert E.
    Language comprehension involves not only constructing the literal meaning of a sentence but also going beyond the literal meaning to infer what was meant but not said. One widely studied test case is scalar implicature: The inference that, e.g., Sally ate some of the cookies implies she did not eat all of them. Research is mixed on whether this is due to a rote, grammaticalised procedure or instead a complex, contextualised inference. We find that in sentences like If Sally ate some of the cookies, then the rest are on the counter, that the rest triggers a late, sustained positivity...

  9. The neural computation of scalar implicature

    Hartshorne, Joshua; Snedeker, Jesse; Liem Azar, Stephanie Yen-Mun; Kim, Albert E.
    Language comprehension involves not only constructing the literal meaning of a sentence but also going beyond the literal meaning to infer what was meant but not said. One widely studied test case is scalar implicature: The inference that, e.g., Sally ate some of the cookies implies she did not eat all of them. Research is mixed on whether this is due to a rote, grammaticalised procedure or instead a complex, contextualised inference. We find that in sentences like If Sally ate some of the cookies, then the rest are on the counter, that the rest triggers a late, sustained positivity...

  10. The cultural politics of gesture

    Herzfeld, Michael F
    Ethnographers enter the field as legible signs of otherness to their interlocutors. In this article, I explore the ramifications of my personal experience of being variously `read' in the course of encounters in Bangkok, Thailand, to show how a gradual process of bodily inculcation can reduce the sense of difference and partially overcome the expectations induced by phenotype in particular, leading to greater access to the protected zones of cultural intimacy (including recognition of the newcomer's linguistic capacities). Such transitions also entail a learned increase of ease with informal modes of embodiment, as opposed to postures signaling varieties of power...

  11. The cultural politics of gesture

    Herzfeld, Michael F
    Ethnographers enter the field as legible signs of otherness to their interlocutors. In this article, I explore the ramifications of my personal experience of being variously `read' in the course of encounters in Bangkok, Thailand, to show how a gradual process of bodily inculcation can reduce the sense of difference and partially overcome the expectations induced by phenotype in particular, leading to greater access to the protected zones of cultural intimacy (including recognition of the newcomer's linguistic capacities). Such transitions also entail a learned increase of ease with informal modes of embodiment, as opposed to postures signaling varieties of power...

  12. Rencontres de langues. Questions d'interaction

    Vasseur, Marie-Therese
    La question à laquelle cet ouvrage tente, à sa façon, de répondre est la suivante: comment s'y prend un locuteur pour communiquer avec un partenaire qui ne parle pas la même langue et, en même temps, pour s'approprier cette langue de l'autre ? La réponse qui est proposée ici passe par une approche interactionniste. Cet ouvrage montre comment nous sommes arrivés à cette question et à la démarche qui prend comme objet l'élaboration et le déroulement de l'interaction entre locuteurs de compétence linguistique décalée. Cette interaction, appelée ici interlingue, est conçue comme ouverte sur des perspectives de construction d'une identité...

  13. Systemic productivity must complement structural productivity

    Lavie, René-Joseph
    Linguistic productivity is not just structural productivity (the making of assemblies), it also contains 'systemic productivity' (the productive placement within pluridimensional paradigms). An occurrential, dynamic model provides a cognitively founded explanation of systemic productivity.

  14. Linguistic democracy : from theory to practice

    Guillorel, Hervé

  15. Linguistic diversity in Europe, state and nation-building and the local-global continuum

    Guillorel, Hervé
    The 27 polities which make up the current European Union are supposed to be based on the "will to live together" which needs as a basic cultural prerequisite the fact that all citizens share a common language, a koine.

    Today, the relationship between language and politics is quite more complex because of the territorial size, the linguistic heterogeneity and the nation-state building historical components of the states, without forgetting such trends as massive migration processes, globalization and
    the impact of new technologies.

    The imposition of a common language can be considered as a necessary but not sufficient...

  16. La Navegación Textual en el contexto del aprendizaje de lenguas

    Couto, Javier; Minel, Jean-Luc; Lundquist, Lita
    En este artículo presentamos en primer lugar nuestro enfoque de navegación textual. Ésta es
    concebida como un proceso cognitivo que convoca conocimientos propios a la finalidad de la
    navegación. Formulamos la hipótesis de que estos conocimientos pueden ser, en parte, modelados
    bajo una forma declarativa con el lenguaje Sextant que proponemos. Dado que el lenguaje refiere
    exhaustivamente a constituyentes textuales y características de estos, una representación de textos
    específica a nuestro enfoque es propuesta. En segundo lugar, presentamos la aplicación de la
    navegación textual al aprendizaje del francés como lengua extranjera. Las hipótesis de trabajo,
    vinculadas a la lingüística textual,...

  17. A qualidade da linguagem escrita do estudante de Letras: como ingressa no curso e como dele sai

    Vilela, Izabel
    Anais do I Seminário Nacional de Lingüística e Língua Portuguesa

  18. Left-dislocated subjects: A construction typical of young French-speaking children?

    Parisse, Christophe
    Few constructions in child's production can be considered originals and not mere copies (partial or complete) of adult input. These rare constructions are precious to child language studies because they may reveal a developmental process at work. One of them is children's left-dislocated subjects. In French, when there is no lexical subject, the use of a subject pronoun is mandatory. When there is a lexical subject, two constructions are possible: one with the use of a personal pronoun and one without. Children tend to produce a lot of pronouns in the context of lexical subjects, which makes it a good...

  19. Language acquisition and the static vs. dynamic debate

    Parisse, Christophe
    Chomsky (1965, 1986) presents a series of arguments for an innate syntactic component of the language faculty. Do the arguments proposed at that time still stand, or have they been overridden by newer proposals? The current paper emphasizes three research directions among the most recent advances in cognitive science. These directions lead to alternate proposals to the generative linguistic theory of language development. First, the 'item-based' theory of language development, which stresses that development of language knowledge goes from specific to general and is compatible with developing research in cognitive linguistics. Second, the apparent uniformity of adult linguistic competence, which...

  20. A linguistic and navigational knowledge approach to text navigation

    Couto, Javier; Minel, Jean-Luc
    We present an approach to text navigation conceived as a cognitive process exploiting linguistic information present in texts. We claim that the navigational knowledge in-volved in this process can be modeled in a declarative way with the Sextant language. Since Sextant refers exhaustively to specific linguistic phenomena, we have defined a customized text representation. These dif-ferent components are implemented in the text navigation system NaviTexte. Two ap-plications of NaviTexte are described.

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