The Language of Multiculturalism in South African Soaps and Sitcoms
- Ian Barnard
This paper examines selected episodes from recent South African television sitcoms and soap operas in order to show how current popular culture in South Africa is working alongside political and social institutions to both chronicle the transforma-tion of the country into a multicultural democracy and imaginatively/materially create a New South Africa. Using cultural studies methodology and rhetorical analysis, I first explore the political meanings of popular local soap operas and sitcoms on South African television. Then I demonstrate the development of these programmes ’ political agendas in the deployment of multilingualism as a rhetorical device. My ultimate goal is not...
Academic literacies and the new orders: implications for research and practice in student writing in higher education. Learning and Teaching
- Brian Street; Leung Lillis
MODELS OF STUDENT WRITING IN HE a. STUDY SKILLS: assumptions: student writing as technical skill and instrumental ‘atomised skills; surface language, grammar, spelling; pathology; critique: autonomous model; reductionist courses: College Composition; Remedial classes aims: fix it’; remediate; 'basics' sources: behavioural psychology; training b. ACADEMIC SOCIALISATION: assumptions: student writing as transparent medium of representation; focus on student orientation to learning and interpretation of learning task e.g. ‘deep ’ and ‘surface ’ learning critique; assumes one ‘culture’, doesn’t focus on institutional practices, change or power; misses rhetorical features of writing courses: Writing Support; Study Skills aims: inculcating students into new ‘culture’; sources:...
Procesos de codificación fonológica en adultos con bajos niveles de alfabetización: tareas de repetición de pseudopalabras
- Benítez, María Elena; Borzone, Ana María
Este estudio forma parte de una investigación más amplia sobre los perfiles cognitivos y lingüísticos de jóvenes y adultos con bajo nivel de alfabetización. El objetivo de esta presentación es analizar un aspecto de dicho perfil: el procesamiento fonológico, atendiendo a sus habilidades para codificar, retener en la memoria operativa y producir una señal de habla. Se trata de indagar sobre estas habilidades a través de la repetición de pseudopalabras, tarea considerada como un indicador de procesos perceptivos y representacionales básicos, fundamentales para el aprendizaje del vocabulario, el procesamiento del habla, el aprendizaje de la lectura y la escritura, desarrollos...
Caudal léxico en alumnos universitarios. Implicancias para la interacción textual
- Piatti, Vanesa; Fernicola, Alfredo; Melillo, Oscar Roberto; Peralta, Diego
En este trabajo se comunican los resultados preliminares de una investigación en curso. Específicamente se refiere a los resultados encontrados en pruebas de que examinan el caudal léxico, por el interés de sus relaciones con la interacción textual.
En razón de ello en la elaboración de esta comunicación se ha tenido particularmente en cuenta el modelo de comprensión lectora proporcionado por Kintsch y Rawson (2005) sobre los diferentes niveles de procesamiento cuando se lee. Los autores destacan un nivel lingüístico o procesamiento de las palabras y frases particulares contenidas en el texto, según el cual el lector debe reconocer las palabras...
The same destination but different journeys: a comparative study between young gifted linguists and bilinguals which explores the learning, storage and retrieval of lexis
- Stacey, Marie-Noelle
Studies in Foreign Language (FL) lexical acquisition have become more specialized since the development of Applied Linguistics. This study is multi-facetted and aims to investigate and analyse French vocabulary acquisition by two groups of successful young learners: gifted Language Two (L2) learners and young English/French ‘choice’ bilinguals in comparison with a group of L2 learners. The term choice bilingual is used to refer to a specific type of bilingual which is an under-researched group. The research identifies the similarities and differences between the groups in the storage of and access to L2 lexis and in their working memory. It determines...
Indicadores clave de gestión sobre la experiencia del cliente: un estudio basado en fuzzy text mining
- Nicolás Alarcón, Carolina
El propósito de la investigación es avanzar en la teoría sobre Indicadores de Gestión Difusos sobre experiencia del cliente, proponiendo un modelo de proceso de análisis de datos que plantea evaluar y validar continuamente los distintos indicadores.
Las técnicas de análisis utilizadas fueron: Análisis Factorial Exploratorio (AFE), Análisis Factorial Concluyente (AFC) y Modelo de Ecuaciones Estructurales (SEM); y finalmente la identificación de los indicadores difusos mediante el modelo de inferencia difusa Mamdani. Softwares utilizados Matlab y AMOS.
El estudio contribuye con evidencia empírica, que permite señalar que es posible definir un modelo teórico explicativo sobre indicadores de desempeño clave para la gestión...
1The Distribution of Negative NPs and Some Typological Correlates
- C. -t. James Huang
In English, a negative indefinite pronoun like nobody distributes like any other noun phrase, in that it can occur in any position in a sentence where a normal noun phrase or pronoun can occur: as a subject, an object, an object of preposition, a possessive specifier, etc., as illustrated in (1). (1) a. Nobody loves her. b. She loves nobody. c. She has spoken to nobody today. d. She depends on nobody’s support. This is also true of other negative NPs like no president, not a single time, etc., as seen in (2). (2) a She has spoken to not...
Eighteenth-Century Quotation Searches in the Oxford English Dictionary
- Charlotte Brewer
The purpose of this paper is to shed light on the ways in which we can search the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) for evidence about words and their meanings, and about linguistic productivity at different periods in the language. I shall also look at how we may evaluate this evidence when we have uncovered it, and describe some of the findings of a recently established research project, Examining the OED
Correspondence should be sent to Gerrit Loots, Vrije Universiteit
- Isabel Devisé
This article presents the results of a study comparing deaf and hearing parents in the use of visual-tactile communication strategies during interaction with their hearing-impaired chil-dren between 18 and 24 months of age. The study includes 17 deaf and hard-of-hearing children and 33 parents, covering hearing mothers (n = 12), hearing fathers (n = 11), deaf moth-ers (n = 5), and deaf fathers (n = 5). The four groups of par-ents are compared in the use of visual-tactile communication strategies during free play with their children. Overall results show that deaf mothers and deaf fathers differ significantly from hearing parents...
- Elma Blom; Daniela Polišenská
Grammatical gender in Dutch may be characterized as a “vulnerable ” feature. Are child L2 learners of Dutch, that is, children who start late, still able to acquire gender inflection in Dutch or does gender inflection draw the line between child L1 and child L2 learners?
Reply to Bhatt and Pancheva’s “Late Merger of Degree Clauses”: The Irrelevance of (Non)conservativity’. Linguistic Inquiry 37:3
- Er Grosu; Julia Horvath
In this reply, we undertake a thorough evaluation of B(hatt) & P(ancheva)’s (2004) central thesis, which holds that two effects they attribute to degree constructions, i.e., obligatory extraposition effects and scope rigidity effects determined by the superficial position of degree phrases/clauses, can be given a unified analysis in terms of an extension of Fox & Nissenbaum’s (1999) analysis of extraposition in conjunction with the non-conservativity of (certain) degree words. We show that, under full preservation of B&P’s theoretical assumptions, their account is open to criticism on at least three counts, namely, (i) of the two phenomena they propose to unify,...
The Ecolinguistic Paradigm: An Integrationist Trend in Language Study
- Thao Lê; Quynh Lê; Ammaria Derni
Linguistics or the scientific study of human language has always been focus to heated issues and contrasting assumptions, as the object of empiricism is in itself a highly debated entity. The present paper sheds light on a recent trend in the field, ecolinguistics, per se. This new paradigm, which re-lates language to the environment it is used and practised in, determines relations between what is said or written and the circumstances under which linguistic forms are produced in a three-dimensional relationship of social praxis that links linguistic behaviour to ideological, sociological, and biological dimensions. Such a combination allows the establishment...
2008b, ‘What’s in a quantifier
- Rick Nouwen; Utrechts Instituut
In this article, I discuss several inquiries into the meaning of expressions of quantity. It is to some extent received wisdom that quantifiers are not expressions that stand proxy for amounts, quantities, frequencies, etc. In cognitive psychology, a common observa-tion is that quantifiers express perspectives on quantity. I will argue that while this result bears some relation to notions known from formal semantics, the dominant theoretical framework, generalised quantifier theory, nevertheless falls short of providing a unifying approach to logical, linguistic and psychological aspects of quantity expressions. The up-shot is that the many diverse ways in which quantity information may...
The evolution of traditional knowledge: environment shapes medicinal plant use in Nepal
- Saslis-Lagoudakis, C. Haris; Hawkins, Julie A.; Greenhill, Simon J.; Pendry, Colin A.; Watson, Mark F.; Tuladhar-Douglas, Will; Baral, Sushim R.; Savolainen, Vincent
Traditional knowledge is influenced by ancestry, inter-cultural diffusion and interaction with the natural environment. It is problematic to assess the contributions of these influences independently because closely related ethnic groups may also be geographically close, exposed to similar environments and able to exchange knowledge readily. Medicinal plant use is one of the most important components of traditional knowledge, since plants provide healthcare for up to 80% of the world's population. Here, we assess the significance of ancestry, geographical proximity of cultures and the environment in determining medicinal plant use for 12 ethnic groups in Nepal. Incorporating phylogenetic information to account...
The International Affiliation Network of YouTube Trends
- Platt, Edward L.; Bhargava, Rahul; Zuckerman, Ethan
Online video, a ubiquitous, visual, and highly shareable medium, is well-suited to crossing geographic, cultural, and linguistic barriers. Trending videos in particular, by virtue of reaching a large number of viewers in a short span of time, are powerful as both influencers and indicators of international communication flows. In this work, we study a large set of videos trending across 57 nations, collected from YouTube over a 7-month period. We consider the set as a network of content flowing between nations, then develop conditional co-affiliation, a nation-nation co-affiliation index that enables a meaningful interpretation of network path length and the...
Int. J. Communication Networks and Distributed Systems, Vol. x, No. x, xxxx 1 Profiling Distributed Connection Chains
- Ahmad Almulhem; Issa Traore
Abstract: A key challenge in network forensics arises because of at-tackers ability to move around in the network, which results in creating a chain of connections; commonly known as connection chains. They are widely used by attackers to stay anonymous and/or to confuse the forensic process. Investigating connection chains can be further compli-cated when several ip addresses are used in the attack. In this paper, we highlight this challenging problem. We then propose a solution through hacker profiling. Our solution includes a novel hacker model that in-tegrates information about a hacker’s linguistic, operating system and time of activity. It also...
The limits to variation in Turkish nominal morphosyntax. In: Timothy J. Curnow (ed) Selected papers from the 2007 Conference of the Australian Linguistic Society. [Available at: http://www.als.asn.au
- Alan Reed Libert
Some kinds of morphological marking are optional under certain circumstances in contemporary Turkish. For example, when one noun modifies another, prescriptively the modified noun usually must bear what looks like third-person possession marking, but in reality this ending is often omitted. However, there are contexts in which it is rarely or never left out, and some of these contexts are quite similar to those in which it is optional, for example in names of avenues (as opposed to those of streets). Similarly, there are postpositions which prescriptively require their objects to be in the genitive if the latter are certain...
Overview of this Presentation
Meeting the linguistic needs of gifted English language learners: should teachers of all content areas teach language?
ESL-Speaking Immigrant Women’s Disillusions: Voices of Health Care in Canada:
- An Ethnodrama; Laura E. Nimmon; L. E. Nimmon
This article describes a research project that investigated whether language barriers play a part in immigrant women’s health decreasing when they move to Canada. The findings are then rep-resented in the form of an ethnodrama entitled “ESL-Speaking Im-migrant Women’s Disillusions: Voices of Health Care in Canada.” I suggest that the play is catalytic because it encourages target audiences to empathize with the silenced voices of ESL-speaking immigrant women who live in Canada. I then conclude with a reflection about the potential that the genre of ethnodrama has for social change through its reflexive and critical nature. According to the Canadian...
Typtex: Inductive typological text classification by multivariate statistical analysis for nlp systems tuning/evaluation
- Helka Folch; Serge Heiden; Benoît Habert; Serge Fleury; Gabriel Illouz; Pierre Lafon; Julien Nioche; Sophie Prévost
The increasing use of methods in natural language processing (NLP) which are based on huge corpora require that the lexical, morpho-syntactic and syntactic homogeneity of texts be mastered. We have developed a methodology and associate tools for text calibration or "profiling " within the ELRA benchmark called "Contribution to the construction of contemporary french corpora " based on multivariate analysis of linguistic features. We have integrated these tools within a modular architecture based on a generic model allowing us on the one hand flexible annotation of the corpus with the output of NLP and statistical tools and on the other...