Mostrando recursos 121 - 140 de 79.981

  1. Grupos etnolingüísticos en el México del siglo XXI

    Sandoval Forero, Eduardo Andrés
    In lapsing of the history of Mexico the indigenous population it has presented ups and downs in their social and demographic components, arriving in the times of the globalization with a significant population in the national territory and in the Latin American context. How many ethnic-linguistic groups there is, which their geographical distribution is, which they are the indicators that have been used to define the natives that you differ we find among ethnic and linguistic groups, and which the official indicators have been for its count, it is what is exposed article presently.

  2. Los límites de la variación: adverbios y pronombres en subordinadas de relativo del siglo XVI. Sociolingüística histórica a partir de un corpus de inmediatez comunicativa

    Blas Arroyo, José Luis; Velando Casanova, Mónica
    The variation between adverbial (donde ‘where’) and pronominal forms (en (el) que-cual ‘in which’) in prepositional relative clauses in the Spanish of the sixteenth century is analyzed under the variationism paradigm, as an example of the need to specify in detail the exact envelope of variation in which this variation really takes place. Thus, excluding from the study several contexts in which one of the variants hardly occurs, our results provide a different picture compared to some previous studies. Therefore, we have seen how, at least in the first period of Golden Age Spanish, the use of donde in locative prepositional...

  3. La distribución de las variantes –mente, -miente y –mientre en el codea (1221-1420): espacio variacional y cambio lingüístico

    Barrio de la Rosa, Florencio del
    Diachronic interest in adverbial formations with -mente has increased in recent years, especially, as far as the evolution of its main variants (-mente, -miente, -m(i)entre) is concerned. The historical evolution of these variants is of great value to the periodization of Spanish, the dating of textual copies and the theory of language change. The present article examines about a thousand adverbs with -mente taken from the Corpus de Documentos Anteriores a 1700 (CODEA) between 1221 and 1420; this corpus encompasses accurately dated documents and permits the geographical localization and socio-stylistic characterization of each variant. This article mainly attempts to set...

  4. La introducción de las familias léxicas de fàcil y difícil en catalán a partir de un corpus histórico

    Clavería Nadal, Glòria; Torruella Casañas, Joan
    At the moment all the Romance languages share the adjectives fàcil and difícil together with other terms that belong to the same lexical family as modal adverbs fàcilment and difícilment and nouns as facilitat and dificultat.They are Latinisms or Cultisms that were introduced in the Low Middle Ages and they form part of the «relatinisation» of Romance languages, to which Catalan decisively contributed with Ramon Llull and other Medieval authors. Following the research model developed by R. Eberenz (1998), this work presents a study of the introduction of fàcil and difícil and its family in Catalan texts from 13th-15th centuries...

  5. Tradiciones de discurso y Santa Teresa

    Pountain, Christopher J.
    A notable problem for historians of Spanish is the philological evaluation of Santa Teresa’s writings. One tradition sees her language as a spontaneous form of Spanish corresponding to her everyday speech, providing valuable evidence of a register which is more typical of the spoken language of the time, while another points to cultured and literary features of her style and attributes the «vulgar» features of her style to a deliberate avoidance of affectation and erudition. This article attempts to situate Teresa's writing within the discourse traditions of the Golden Age, arguing that while certain linguistic features of the Libro de...

  6. Social and Structural Constraints on a Phonetically-Motivated Change in Progress: (str) Retraction in Raleigh, NC

    Wilbanks, Eric
    The current project examines the status of (str) retraction, an ongoing, phonetically-motivated sound change, in the Raleigh, NC corpus of sociolinguistic interviews (Dodsworth & Kohn, 2012). Investigating the status of this sound change in apparent time, acoustic analyses of 140 Raleigh-natives was carried out. All tokens of /s/ and /S/ were automatically extracted and the spectral characteristics of the resulting 99,150 tokens were analyzed. Results demonstrate the retracted variant in the speech of the youngest Raleigh women and it is argued that the emergence of (str) retraction in the community in the 1960s corresponds with massive demographic shifts caused by...

  7. Multi-Value Asymmetry in Number Agreement and Concord

    Shen, Zheng
    In this paper I present cross-linguistic data of NRNR, TP RNR, and composed plurality to argue for the multi-value asymmetry between the N and the T domain. I propose that the asymmetry can be accounted for by assuming that T heads have multiple unvalued number features while N heads have only one. The proposal is compatible with the unified Agree analysis of concord and agreement and it is further supported by the mismatch cases of multi-valuation.

  8. Toward the Parameter Hierarchy of Embedded Imperatives

    Saito, Hiroaki
    This paper investigates cross-linguistic variation in embedded imperatives in terms of syntactic environments in which they can(not) appear, focusing on the availability of embedded imperatives in the clausal complement of verbs and nouns, and relative clauses. I demonstrate that there are four distinct types of languages regarding the possibility of embedded imperatives. I also suggest that there is an implicational relation among these types, which is captured through a parameter hierarchy.

  9. Morpho-pragmatic Faithfulness Interacts with Phonological Markedness in Appalachian A-prefixing

    McQuaid, Goldie Ann
    This paper examines so-called a-prefixing in the speech of dialect speakers living in Appalachia. Building on existing empirical work, and leveraging results from a GoldVarb analysis, I posit the a-prefix realizes a morpho-pragmatic feature which expresses a range of related meanings, including surprise, unexpectedness, and newsworthiness. This range of meanings is encompassed in the linguistic category mirativity. The prefix is therefore suggested to spell out the feature [MIRATIVE]. Variable insertion of the a-prefix is blocked when the base does not meet certain phonological requirements. In particular, prefixing is blocked with forms beginning with a lax vowel (*‘a-ask-ing’), and with forms...

  10. Measuring Cross-Linguistic Influence in First- and Second-Generation Bilinguals: ERP vs. Acceptability Judgments

    Martohardjono, Gita; Phillips, Ian; Madsen, Christen N., II; Otheguy, Ricardo; Schwartz, Richard G.; Shafer, Valerie L.
    Two types of Spanish-English bilinguals were tested in an event-related potential (ERP) experiment on a contrast in the two languages exemplified in (1) and (2) in order to investigate linguistic permeability during processing of Spanish (1a and 2a). In Spanish, but not English, absence of the complementizer que is ungrammatical. (1) a. Qué hermana confesó Inés que había comido la tarta? b. *What sister did Inés confess that had eaten the cake? (2) a. *Qué hermana confesó Inés Ø había comido la tarta? b. What sister did Inés confess Ø had eaten the cake? In a first analysis, we grouped subjects by generation and compared...

  11. The Social Perception of a Sound Change

    Lawrence, Daniel
    A core finding of sociolinguistic research is that phonological changes may become subject to social evaluation as they propagate through a speech community. Much work has analyzed the social evaluation of innovations by categorizing them in terms of their salience, or the degree of stigma/prestige attached to them. However, recent studies have attempted to develop a more sophisticated understanding of the types of social-indexical meaning which can attach to linguistic variation. In particular, it is argued that speaker-listeners' social perceptions of variation tend to be structured around locally-relevant stereotypical figures such as the `valley girl' or `burnout' (Eckert, 2008; Moore...

  12. Alternatives and Focus: Distribution of Chinese Relative Clauses Revisited

    Hsu, Yu-Yin
    The syntax and the function of Chinese relative clauses have been a hot issue in linguistic studies, given that typologically modifiers of nominals rarely occur before a demonstrative (cf. Greenberg 1963, Cinque 2005), and yet pre-demonstrative relative clauses are common in Chinese. This paper presents an analysis of syntax and information structure of Chinese relative clauses and shows results of a corpus study and a production experiment. It is argued that pre-demonstrative relative clauses structurally express Focus at the nominal periphery, similar to Focus Phrase at the left-periphery of a sentence à la Rizzi (1997), deriving by nominal-internal Focus movement....

  13. The German Definite Article and the ‘Sameness’ of Indices

    Hanink, Emily A.
    The German definite article may contract with a preceding preposition under certain circumstances; the contracted form is referred to in the literature as weak, while the non-contracted form is referred to as strong. Schwarz (2009) gives an analysis of this contrast according to which the weak form is required when the referent of an NP is unique, while the strong form is required when it is also anaphoric, i.e., when it refers back to an antecedent. However, as Schwarz himself points out, anaphoric uses in which the anaphoric NP is modified by the adjective same surprisingly surface with the weak...

  14. Predicting Mergers in New Dialect Formation

    Djärv, Kajsa
    This paper considers the application of Yang’s (2000, 2002, 2009) model of phonological change and population dynamics to the case of competing mergers in the formation of New Zealand English, as described by Peter Trudgill and colleagues. Trudgill (1986 et seq) argues for the deterministic nature of change in the specific case of contactinduced change referred to as New Dialect Formation, such that given sufficient knowledge about the linguistic features represented among the speakers of the different contact-varieties, it is possible to predict with a high degree of certainty the features which will survive into the new dialect. Specifically, Trudgill...

  15. Worldlikeness: A Web-based Tool for Typological Psycholinguistic Research

    Chen, Tsung-Ying; Myers, James
    In this paper, we introduce Worldlikeness, a web-based tool for collecting and sharing cross-linguistic wordlikeness judgments (nonce word acceptability judgments) to facilitate typological psycholinguistic research. Typological psycholinguistic research is essential since crucial factors affecting language processing vary across languages, but these factors often too confounded to tease apart by comparing just two languages at a time. This type of research is nevertheless difficult since it requires testing many speakers from each language, using materials designed with the help of expert native speakers. Worldlikeness aims to make typological psycholinguistics more feasible, by providing tools for separate groups of experimenters to design...

  16. Llengua i joves.: Anàlisi de les variables lingüístiques de l'"Enquesta a la joventut de Catalunya 2012"

    Solé Camardons, Joan; Torrijos, Anna; Serracant, Pau
    En aquest article s'exposen els resultats de les set preguntes de l'"Enquesta a la joventut de Catalunya (EJC) 2012" que fan referència a les qüestions lingüístiques: llengua inicial, llengua habitual i llengua d'ús en cinc àmbits diferents (amb els amics, a l'institut, a la universitat o a la feina, amb la parella, amb els fills i amb algú que no coneixes). Aquesta fotografia estàtica es complementa amb tres elements dinàmics. En primer lloc, es comparen els resultats de l'EJC 2012 amb els de l'EJC 2007 per aproximar-se a l'impacte dels canvis demogràfics i contextuals en la pràctica lingüística. En segon...

  17. Establiments col·laboradors, una eina per a l’aprenentatge i l’ús del català

    Rosselló Peralta, Carles de; Sans Massó, Alexandra
    En aquest article s'explica l'experiència que ha permès al Centre de Normalització Lingüística L'Heura arribar a les 1.342 pràctiques lingüístiques durant els anys acadèmics 2010-2013, utilitzant la xarxa dels establiments col·laboradors (EC) de Santa Coloma de Gramenet. Per entendre com s'ha assolit aquesta xifra, el procés es presenta dividit en tres etapes: el naixement dels EC (2003-2006), la consolidació de la xarxa d'EC i la posada en marxa del carnet de les pràctiques lingüístiques (2007-2010) i l'extensió d'aquestes pràctiques a l'alumnat (2010-). En la darrera part de l'article, s'analitzen les pràctiques des d'un punt de vista quantitatiu i qualitatiu a...

  18. Les aplicacions de treball cooperatiu en entorn virtual: el fòrum, el glossari i el wiki

    López, Mònica; Marsal, Aurèlia
    L'article explica l'experiència de l'ús de l'entorn virtual Moodle en l'oferta formativa del Servei Lingüístic de la Universitat Rovira i Virgili i descriu el ventall de recursos vàlids per a l'ensenyament de la llengua que proporciona aquest entorn.

  19. El blog "Parlem català": primers passos per vincular-lo a l’aula

    Llobera, Laia; Tomàs, Natàlia; Xirau, Elena
    En aquest article es posen de manifest alguns casos d'èxit que han permès vincular a les aules del Centre de Normalització Lingüística de l'Hospitalet el blog "Parlem català" i exposar l'experiència a la I Jornada Aprendre Llengües al Segle XXI, que va tenir lloc a Barcelona el 18 i 19 de juny de 2012.

  20. La obra lingüística de Diego Collado

    Saracho Villalobos, José Tomás
    Our aim is to make a first approach to the study of some aspects of the grammar work related to the Japanese language made by the Extremeño missionary Diego Collado, work that must be included within other grammar studies of the Japanese language by other missionaries .

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