Mostrando recursos 121 - 140 de 4.534

  1. Da prática significante lexicográfica

    Krieger, Maria da Graça
    Though dictionaires hold the appearance of lexical catalogues, they are constituted as texts with their own rules for the production of meaning. As such, they take the value of a didactic discourse that under the appearance of neutrality, exert strong influence on society’s linguistic behaviors. In order to bring to light the non-neutrality (absence of neutrality) of the lexicographical discourse, the author undertakes an analysis of the entry woman in a set of dictionaires of Portuguese language from a point of view that conceives this semantic microcosm as a place of tension between the individual and the collective.

  2. Pseudoprovérbios e ditos sob a ótica enunciativa

    Castro, Maria Lilia Dias de
    Le sujet de cet article est l’examen des pseudo-proverbes et des dictons de Aparício Torelly, extraits de Almanhaque, 1949. D’après la perspective linguistique, aux niveaux de l’expression et du contenu, la question centrale est l’analyse de leurs structures dans la théorie de l’énonciation. À ce niveau, les pseudo-proverbes et les dictons sont perçus comme activité du langage, comme l’acte d’un sujet qui met la langue en fonctionnement.

  3. From Sentences to Documents: Extending Abstract Meaning Representation for Understanding Documents

    Moreda, Paloma; Suárez Cueto, Armando; Lloret, Elena; Saquete Boró, Estela; Moreno, Isabel
    The overabundance of information and its heterogeneity requires new ways to access, process and generate knowledge according to the user's needs. To define an appropriate formalism to represent textual information capable to allow machines to perform language understanding and generation will be crucial for achieving these tasks. Abstract Meaning Representation (AMR) is foreseen as a standard knowledge representation that can capture the information encoded in a sentence at various linguistic levels. However, its scope only limits to a single sentence, and it does not benefit from additional semantic information that could help the generation of different types of texts. Therefore,...

  4. Qualitative Belief Conditioning Rules (QBCR)

    Dezert , Jean; Smarandache , Florentin
    In this paper we extend the new family of (quantitative) Belief Conditioning Rules (BCR) recently developed in the Dezert-Smarandache Theory (DSmT) to their qualitative counterpart for belief revision. Since the revision of quantitative as well as qualitative belief assignment given the occurrence of a new event (the conditioning constraint) can be done in many possible ways, we present here only what we consider as the most appealing Qualitative Belief Conditioning Rules (QBCR) which allow to revise the belief directly with words and linguistic labels and thus avoids the introduction of ad-hoc translations of quantitative beliefs into quantitative ones for solving...

  5. Review of Oniga, Renato (2014), Latin: a Linguistic Introduction (Edited and Translated by Norma Schifano). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Danckaert , Lieven
    International audience

  6. Inferior Member Participation Identification in Innovation Communities: The Signaling Role of Linguistic Style Use

    Coussement , Kristof; Debaere , Steven; De Ruyck , Tom
    International audience

  7. A Very Bad Santa : Adaptation as Cultural and Linguistic Dissolution in the Translations of Le Père Noël est une ordure

    Oster , Corinne
    International audience

  8. Il discorso sulle migrazioni nell'Italia contemporanea: Un'analisi linguistico-discorsiva sulla stampa (2000-2010)

    Orru, Paolo

  9. De la forme au contenu. Propriété et parenté indiennes à travers les testaments nahua de la vallée de Toluca à l'époque coloniale

    Beligand , Nadine
    Ese artículo pone en tela de juicio la noción de aculturación (en el siglo XVII) de los medios notariales indígenas al analizar un corpus de 200 testamentos en nahuatl procedentes del México central. Las terminologías más sensibles a la hispanización (elementos de la invocación inicial, firmas de los secretarios) fueron comparadas por periodo y por secretario. Les resultados del análisis demuestran que ningún secretario redacta algún testamento en forma idéntica y que las variaciones linguísticas que se encuentran entre uno y otro testamento no pueden ser consideradas como indicadores seguros de la hispanización del mundo notarial indígena.
    La demostración se...

  10. L'éviction des étrangers par le lignage, la légitimité et le mérite. La production historique des caciques immémoriaux de la vallée de Toluca, Mexique central (XVe - XVIIIe siècle)

    Beligand , Nadine
    Ese artículo trata de la práctica genealógica entre los indios de Nueva España en los siglos XV-XVIII. Esa práctica, atestiguada en los círculos alfabetizados y sabios, y en particular entre la nobleza indígena, conoció un periodo de renacimiento gracias a las grandes historias dinásticas de los siglos XVI y XVII (Tezozomoc, Ixtlilxóchitl, Chimalpahin Cuauhtlehuanitzin) y luego a finales del siglo XVII, en documentos producidos por las repúblicas de indios, documentos designados bajo el nombre de "Títulos Primordiales", así como en los códices del grupo Techialoyan. La encuesta aquí realizada se basa en algunos códices Techialoyan del valle de Toluca y...

  11. Prosodic constituents in French: a data-driven approach

    Vaissière , Jacqueline; Michaud , Alexis
    This paper aims (i) to summarise essential facts about the syntactic prosody of French as seen within the broader picture of French prosody, (ii) to provide a cross-linguistic perspective, by bringing out characteristics which sharply distinguish French from English, and drawing their implications for the thorny issue of cross-linguistic prosodic description, which arguably holds the key to substantial progress in our understanding of prosody. The essentials of a superpositional model of intonation for French are briefly set out.

  12. When Do We Communicate Stereotypes? Influence of the Social Context on the Linguistic Expectancy Bias

    Wigboldus , Daniël H. J.; Spears , Russell; Semin , Gün R.
    International audience

  13. Pictographs and the language of Naxi rituals

    Michaud , Alexis
    This book chapter, aimed at a broad audience, presents the usefulness of linguistic tools in the study of the Naxi writing systems. In the field of Sino-Tibetan studies, there are few languages with a long-standing written tradition. Of these, the Naxi pictographic tradition encapsulates unique information about the Naxi and their language and holds special promise for research. The language of the Naxi rituals raises a range of issues, such as: How old are the characters of the Naxi script? What is the origin of the seemingly strange words and turns of phrase found in the rituals? The philological study...

  14. The Linguistic Turn and Other Misconceptions About Analytic Philosophy

    Wagner , Pierre
    National audience

  15. Abstract Objects and the Semantics of Natural Language

    Moltmann , Friederike
    Abstract objects have been a central topic in philosophy since antiquity. Philosophers have defended various views about abstract objects by appealing to metaphysical considerations, considerations regarding mathematics or science, and, not infrequently, intuitions about natural language. This book pursues the question of how and whether natural language allows for reference to abstract objects in a fully systematic way. By making full use of contemporary linguistic semantics, it presents a much greater range of linguistic generalizations than has previously been taken into consideration in philosophical discussions, and it argues for an ontological picture is very different from that generally taken for...

  16. The role of models in mind and science

    Vorms , Marion; Lagnado , David
    During the last few decades, models have become the centre of attention in both cognitive science and philosophy of science. In cognitive science, the claim that humans reason with mental models, rather than mentally manipulate linguistic symbols, is the majority view. Similarly, philosophers of science almost unanimously acknowledge that models have to be taken as a central unit of analysis. Moreover, some philosophers of science and cognitive scientists have suggested that the cognitive hypothesis of mental models is a promising way of accounting for the use of models in science. However, once the importance of models in cognition as well...

  17. Models and Formats: Representational and Computational Aspects

    Vorms , Marion
    I analyse the double function of models (representing the phenomena, and being a tool for calculating and predicting them) from a cognitive point of view. Taking the same approach as Ronald Giere, I nevertheless argue that he is to much committed to an abstract conception of theories and that one should give more attention to the particular formats in which models are expressed and grasped. By taking the example of Classical Mechanics, I show that a model, as an abstract entity, doesn't represent anything if not presented in some particular format, be it linguistic, diagrammatic, or pictorial. This format is...

  18. Logic and Linguistics in the Twentieth Century

    Sandu , Gabriel; Alexandro , Lenci
    This chapter begins with a discussion of the three phases of the interaction between logic and linguistics on the nature of universal grammar. It then attempts to reconstruct the dynamics and interactions between these approaches in logic and in linguistic theory, which represent the major landmarks in the quest for the individuation of the universal structure of language.

  19. Leibniz's Law, Coincident Entities, and Question-Begging Predicates

    Berto , Francesco
    Meta-ontology (in van Inwagen's [1998] influential sense) concerns, among other things, the methodology of ontology, and a very controversial meta-ontological issue is to what extent ontology can rely on semantic analysis in the business of establishing the furniture of the world. In this talk we discuss an argument advanced by some ontologists (we call them Monists) against supporters of sortal concepts and/or coincident entities (we call them Pluralists), and its meta-ontological import. Pluralist resort to the contraposed Leibniz's Law, in an allegedly non-opaque context, to establish that spatiotemporally coincident entities a and b (typically, of different sorts - say, a...

  20. French Studies in the Philosophy of Science

    Brenner , Anastasios; Gayon , Jean
    Having examined previous volumes of the Boston Studies series devoted to different countries, and having discussed the best way to present contemporary research in France, we have arrived at a careful selection of 15 participants, including the organizers. Our aim is to bring together philosophers and practicing scientist from the major institutions of the country, both universities and research centers. The areas of research represented here cover a wide spectrum of sciences, from mathematics and physics to the life sciences, as well as linguistics and economics. This selection is a showcase of French philosophy of science, illustrating the different methods...

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