Mostrando recursos 121 - 140 de 8.890

  1. Patrones cuantitativos en novelas chilenas de los siglos XIX a XXI

    Martínez, Ricardo
    Quantitative analysis of the literature is a discursive method and a statistical guidance that aims to determine the presence of regularities in lexicogrammatical features in literary works that has experienced strong growth since the work of Franco Moretti (Goodwin, Holbo & Moretti, 2005; Moretti, 2011), who proposed the notion of “distant reading”, which considers that data processing works collaborates to an interpretation more focused on the explicit content of the texts in exegesis thereof. This article aims to present a work of the exposed nature realized on thirty Chilean novels published between 1862 (Martín Rivas) and 2011 (Ruido). For this, a series of processing of computational linguistics (ACL) inspired by the seminal research...

  2. Compuestos metonímicos en español. : ¿Exocentricidad o predicación de punto de referencia?

    Zacarías Ponce de León, Ramón F.
    In this paper I study exocentricity and its common issues in linguistic morphology; likewise I propose a metonymic analysis as an alternative to exocentricity. Exocentricity is a contradictory concept and in its definition, structural and semantic concepts are mixed. Various types of compounds (sacacorchos, cara dura, puntapié) are considered exocentric without the criteria taken into account were clearly defined. Because of this, it has been considered a heterogeneous and even anomalous category (Benveniste, 1977; Bauer, 2008; Scalise and Guevara, 2006). Instead, this research proposes a metonymic analysis, based on the phenomenon of “reference point” (Langacker, 1999). This concept is, I argue, more explanatory and has greater cognitive relevance for speakers. In addition, a metonymic...

  3. Dificultades metodológicas de los estudiantes sinohablantes de español como lengua extranjera

    Bega González, Michel René
    The analysis of the errors and difficulties suffered by the Chinese speakers who learn Spanish as a Foreign Language is not only based on the classification of phonetic, phonologic or grammar mistakes. There is another relevant research path which is directly related to the linguistic parameters of error analysis and the origin of these errors. We hereby talk about the difficulties that appear because of using a concrete teaching method. The present article is the result of the analysis of these difficulties on the students who belong to the Changchun Normal University, in Peoples’ Republic of China. Its results reflect that the teaching methods applied in this context cause errors and communicative...

  4. La sinonimia desde una perspectiva linguístico-cognitiva. : Medición de la distancia semántica

    Zapico, Martín; Vivas, Jorge
    The synonymy, understood as the ability to exchange two words in a given context without loss original meaning, has presented a number of theoretical and technical issues in linguistics throughout the twentieth century. Given these controversies, measuring the semantic distance between words is emerging as a good way to solve this problem. These proposal puts perspective synonymy as a gradual and progressive phenomenon. The hypothesis underlying this work is that the degree of synonymy is established as an extreme case of as many shared the concept referenced word attributes. Thus the correspondence between synonymy as it is presented in dictionaries and thesaurus and synonymy experimentally obtained from the distances established. For this work “Normas...

  5. La iconicidad como factor estilístico en la traducción

    Orlova, Irina
    The article gives theoretical and descriptive insight into the issue of the concept of iconicity in translation from the perspective of semiotic and cognitive theories. The main object of this review is to claim the iconicity as a constitutive part of text’s significance and author’s style. Conditioned by linguistic, discursive and cultural factors, iconicity becomes an important issue in translation studies. It requires translator’s attentiveness for detail and creativity in order to render it in the translated text. Translational strategies are studied on the basis of Borges’ short-stories and their English and German translations.

  6. La forma de tratamiento nominal huevón en Iquique (Chile): análisis empírico de conversaciones cotidianas informales

    Helincks, Kris
    This article examines the use of the Chilean form of address huevón in daily interactions in the northern city of Iquique. Huevón is one of the most particular vocatives of informal speech in Chile and it stands out both for its high frequency as for the rich derivational field it is part of. Moreover, the form can express both positive and negative meanings. Based on a broad corpus of spontaneous informal interactions, the influence of linguistic (phonetic, syntactic, semantic, pragmatic) and extralinguistic (social, relational, situational) parameters is analyzed on the use of huevón and its valorization in relation to politeness. The results indicate that all generations and principally men use it, in...

  7. La escritura antigua filipina y la adopción del alfabeto latino para la representación de las lenguas del archipiélago en las artes y ortografías de la tradición misionero-colonial española

    Cuevas Alonso, Miguel
    The first aim of this paper to expose the treatment of the scriptural methods used to represent the languages of the Philippines before the arrival of the Spanish colonizers done by the missionary linguists in their gramatization process of these languages. After a detailed study on how scriptural Filipino tradition is treated by a large number of grammatical missionary studies, we focus on the aspects that led them to the adoption of the Latin alphabet, how it is used by the missionaries to represent Filipino languages and what were strategies that should be used to circumvent the problems that the use of this alphabet presented in its application to these linguistic realities

  8. Primeros pasos en el aprendizaje lingüístico: teoría y práctica

  9. Para uma explicação cognitivamente plausível da conjunção em Português

    Moura, Heronides; Varaschin, Giuseppe
    The aim of this article is to generally propose a theoretical model to explain the conjunction “e” from a semantic, pragmatic, and cognitive point of view. If Robyn Carston’s (2002) contextualist analysis can be defended and show itself as the best option before of the problems inherent to other approaches, the primary pragmatic process called by Recanati (2010) “modulation” is a reality, at least in this case, in the semantic composition of natural languages. In other words, the evidence of the existence of at least one case in which optional contextual factors – the ones that, contrary to indexicality, are...

  10. Estrutura linguística e estrutura conceitual: interpretação escalar de um subevento causal

    Cambrussi, Morgana Fabiola
    This paper proposes a research on the symmetric behavior observed between direction of motion verbs and change of state verbs. The study will consider  'causativity' as a central linguistic element which is responsible for the participation of these two verbal classes in alternation process, like causative alternation. Furthermore we will propose that there is a causal operator which is primarily connected with the basic idea of change (of state or of spatial location) and also connected with the scalar distribution of the change. This assumption will require a place to this causal operator in the lexical semantics representation of both...

  11. Os gêneros do discurso

    Silva, Anderson Cristiano da

  12. As políticas linguísticas educacionais e a problemática do paradoxo do acesso às práticas letradas e da inclusão social: Interpretações à luz dos estudos da linguística aplicada

    Rodrigues, Rosângela Hammes
    In this essay I discuss the issue of educational public policies for social inclusion and of educational linguistic policies, and the issue of the accessibility paradox and social inclusion, because accessibility and inclusion alone may not promote equality between individuals and cultural diversity, but maintain and reproduce existing relations of domination. This happens because the access and the relation with social interactions mediated by secondary genres, dominant literacies and linguistic variety of prestige are, first of all, the interaction with practices and discourses of the dominant ideology, possibly representing another means for its maintenance. Based on the studies developed by...

  13. Empréstimos em catálogos automotivos brasileiros: contribuição dos estudos descritivos da tradução à compreensão do fenômeno

    Brunelière, Jean François
    Promotional materials of products in Brazil frequently resort to the use of loanwords. The studies available about this phenomenon usually privilege a linguistic system by just underestimating the importance of the passage from one system to the other through translation. Through methods arising from Descriptive Translation Studies, we have analyzed Peugeot’s brochures’ systemic position, and we have identified certain patterns in the loanwords used in the materials released in Brazil. We have verified that the selection of the translated textual models is more determinant than the loanwords’ linguistic origin to explain its presence in the Brazilian catalogues. The results significantly renew...

  14. Análise linguística e reescrita textual: articulando encaminhamentos

    Gedoz, Sueli
    This article wishes to present a study about the practice of linguistic analysis associated to textual production and rewritings. It is about an investigation focused on a qualitative-interpretative approach, methodologically recurring to the ethnographic perspective and the active research. With it, we present referrals developed from in-class textual production, guided by the practice of linguistic analysis, understood as something that goes beyond the normative analysis, and which can contribute to the processes of textual production and rewriting. The investigative cut uses the text, organized in a discursive genre, as its starting point, and as the guiding element on the teaching...

  15. A construção de objetos de discurso nas práticas conversacionais de um grupo de convivência de afásicos

    Mira, Caio
    This article aims to analyze excerpts of an interaction between an aphasic group and a non-aphasic group to demonstrate the construction of objects of discourse in conversational situations. To reach that goal, this article’s theoretical approach is based on the textual-interactive Conversational Analysis. The analyzed excerpts prove that the aphasic participants of the group, when inserted in conversational situations, dismiss referential and interactional resources, contributing for the construction of objects of discourse and for the management of the topic. The results obtained from the analyses point out to the linguistic-interactional aspects of the conversational situations of the aphasic group, and not...

  16. Concepções de análise linguística na formação inicial de professor de Língua Portuguesa

    Rohling, Nivea; Remenche, Maria de Lourdes Rossi
    This article addresses the conceptions of teaching and learning linguistic aspects present in activities of linguistic analysis elaborated by undergraduate students of a course in Languages (Portuguese and English) of a public university in the south of the Brazil. The rubrics herein analyzed are composed by 8 (eight) sets of activities of linguistic analysis, which were created by the students for the discipline of Supervised Practice on Portuguese Language Teaching. Our theoretical and methodological framework is based on the theoretical studies that initiated the reflection on linguistic analysis and language teaching in Brazil during the 80s (GERALDI, 1984, 1997; FRANCHI,...

  17. Dialetos e língua padrão: a educação linguística dos italianos em pátria e em contextos de imigração (1861-2015)

    Freitas, Paula Garcia de; Balthazar, Luciana Lanhi; Lunati, Manuela
    This paper aims to present the relationship existent between the standard Italian language, and the dialects used both in the language education of Italians living in Italy, and of Italians living in Brazil, to where they emigrated in search of better opportunities from the middle of the century XIX. This relationship is analyzed under the prism of different political and educational measures sanctioned by both countries, which somehow represent a subjective position on the language concept. Initially, the analysis was focused on how unstable such a relationship has been in Italy, varying from phases of great antagonism to phases of...

  18. Concordância verbal de terceira pessoa do plural no Português Europeu: variação ou regra semicategórica?

    Rubio, Cássio Florêncio
    O objetivo deste artigo é caracterizar a concordância verbal de terceira pessoa do plural em variedade do português europeu e apresentar os fatores envolvidos no fenômeno. Para análise, recorre-se à Teoria da Variação Linguística (LABOV, 1972; 1994; 2003). As entrevistas consideradas na análise quantitativa provêm do Corpus de Referência do Português Contemporâneo (CRPC), do Centro de Linguística da Universidade de Lisboa (CLUL). Os resultados apontam para a influência dos fatores linguísticos posição do sujeito, traço semântico do sujeito e tipo morfológico do sujeito.

  19. O ensino de Línguas Estrangeiras no Brasil: questões de ordem político-linguísticas

    Nascimento Day, Kelly Cristina; Guimarães Savedra, Mônica Maria
    Currently, the debate about the teaching of foreign languages in Brazil runs two different paths: one methodological, guided by the applied linguistics; and one political, guided by what Haugen (1999) refers to as “applied sociolinguistics” or, more appropriately, Language Education Policy, as per Petitjean (2006). This paper proposes a brief discussion on political linguistic matters, such as the Brazilian Educational Legislation (LDB, 9394/96, law #11.161), recommendations (PCN), linguistic representations, and multilingualism (BEACCO; BYRAN, 2003). These matters underlie many of the problems in the country's foreign language teaching, even though they are purely conceived in a methodological framework, as exposed by...

  20. Gênero notícia: movimentos discursivizados nos limites entre informação e opinião

    Polato, Adriana Delmira Mendes; Franco de Oliveira, Neil Armstrong
    This paper presents, upon the consideration of extra linguistic and linguistic aspects, the analysis of discursive movements applied to the informative function and, above all, to the defense of an institutional axiological position arising from the news. Bakhtin Circle's propositions (1994, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2008) gathered in the proposal of the Dialogic Speech Analysis (BRAIT, 2006) support the discussion. The analysis of linguistic aspects is illustrated by categories of the normative grammar and highlights the description of linguistic forms from which the institution marks its axiological position, disclosing its opinion. We have analyzed a corpus composed by 30 texts, with...

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