A moda e símbolos: análise sobre a publicidade de moda e os símbolos
- Silveira, Daniela
Este estudo visa compreender a Publicidade de Moda através da reação do espectador e da necessidade de legendas referentes à narrativa visual ou à marca para interpretar um anúncio publicitário. Assim sendo, o projeto centra-se na análise de dez marcas de moda, observando anúncios publicitários das mesmas, as suas características, a identidade visual, a história da marca e as influências, bem como as imagens utilizas para criar a sua imagem. Colocam-se as seguintes questões: Será que é necessário um auxílio linguístico, seja ele escrito ou visual, para que o espectador interprete a publicidade e identifique a que marca esta pertence?...
O subcorpus das cantigas de “cavaleiros” no cancioneiro profano galego-português. Notas linguístico-editoriais
- Ferreiro, Manuel
[Resumo] Neste capítulo realiza-se uma revisão com olhos críticos do texto das quarenta e quatro cantigas trovadorescas em que se regista a voz “cavaleiro”. Para este objectivo faz-se um levantamento dos diversos problemas de tipo linguístico-textual que a edição da lírica profana galego-portuguesa ainda apresenta depois de mais de cem anos de pesquisa e de trabalho sobre tão importante corpus literário. Deste modo, problemas como os derivados da segmentação textual, da leitura crítica dos manuscritos e, em definitivo, do respeito da lição transmitida fundamentalmente pelos apógrafos italianos são catalogados, descritos e, quanto possível, resolvidos.
Eduardo Pondal á procura do “verbo sublimado”. Arredor das re-escrituras pondalianas
- Ferreiro, Manuel
[Resumo] Estudo lingüístico-estilístico dos procesos de revisión, reelaboración e corrección textual que Eduardo Pondal realizou horacianamente nos seus poemas ao longo de toda a súa vida. A partir dos datos, cronoloxicamente exhaustivos, das publicacións pondalianas, estabelécese a influencia de Rosalía na reconversión en prol do galego como lingua de expresión literaria até o unilingüismo final, ao tempo que se estudan os procesos de mudanza na procura dunha expresión lingüístico-literaria máis “enxebre” e depurada, nun consciente proceso de construción do galego literario que rexurdía
A word-count approach to analyze linguistic patterns in the reflective writings of medical students
- Chi-Wei Lin; Meei-Ju Lin; Chin-Chen Wen; Shao-Yin Chu
Background: Teaching reflection and administering reflective writing assignments to students are widely practiced and discussed in medical education and health professional education. However, little is known about how medical students use language to construct their narratives. Exploring students’ linguistic patterns in their reflective writings can facilitate understanding the scope and facets of their reflections and their representational or communication approaches to share their experiences. Moreover, research findings regarding gender differences in language use are inconsistent. Therefore, we attempted to examine how females and males differ in their use of words in reflective writing within our research circumstance to detect the...
The Role of Interpretation in the Development of Mystical Language
- alireza mohamadi e kalesar
Discussing the language of mysticism requires offering a number of features which distinguishes it from other linguistic varieties. Emphasizing the presence of Sufism terms or the presence of artistic-literary elements in such a language shows a neutral reaction to the issue of mystical language in previous studies. This paper aims to introduce interpretation as the fundamental factor in the formation of and development of such language. Passing through existent lingual concepts and structures, language of mysticism proposes novel meanings and structures in an interpretive procedure. The significance of interpretation is in the creation of deep structures which are the main...
Mystical Sagacities in an Unknown Treatise of Sixth Century
- M Rastgoofar; M Rastgoofar
Amongst the numerous manuscripts of valuable library of Dr Asqar Mahdavi is a valuable Persian mystical treatise mostly supposed to belong to early years of sixth century whose name and author are both unknown due to the omissions of its beginning and ending as well as lack of another manuscript of it. The study of this treatise which is supposed mostly to be the rewriting of Piri ‘Aref Majales shows that the author was a knowledgeable mystic like Ahmad Qazali and ‘Ein al-Qozat Hamadani who was familiar very well with sufist manner and mystical experiences in addition to his abundant...
A New-Found Sonnet of Attar Neishaburi (in kharabat moghan ast va daru zende delan)
- M Charmagi Omrani; M Sadegi Mohsenabad
In this article, a new-found sonnet ascribed to Attar Neishaburi is introduced. In the book Oradalahbab va Fosusaladab this sonnet has been used as witness for explaining the meaning of “Kharabat”. Abulmafakher Yahia Bakhrazi, the author of this book, has stated clearly that this poem belongs to Attar Neishaburi. Moreover, linguistic clues and not being in the oldest version of Araghi’s Divan prove the validity of such ascription. The important point here is that this sonnet is seen in the Divan of Fakhrodin Araghi (corrected by Saied Nafisi) with little lexical differences and addition of two verses. By studying the...
Context, Coded Language and Interpretation of Mystic Poetry
- t Poornamdarian
This article tries to explain the quality of meaning understanding and the elements which make problem in the process of such understanding. The author proposes two causes for such problem. First, it may be due to the lack of external reference for discourse which, in turn, is due to not finding an acceptable signified in the field of experience based on perpetual and constant linguistic meaning. Second, there is an external reference for linguistic meaning but the context prevents us from accepting the reference emanated from linguistic meaning. In both cases, for understanding the intended meaning of the author, we...
The Study of Discursive Sign-Semantics’ Pattern of Gheisar Aminpour Poetry
- a Hasanzadeh Mirali; e kanani
Discursive sign-semantics is the fruit of structural semiotics and narrative system of semantic studies. This view links the flow of meaning production and sensory conditions and considers a kind of ontology for linguistic productions. Discursive sign-semantics signifies an event variant of the presence of sign-meanings and investigates the function, production, and reception of meaning in discursive systems. Sign-semantics of discourse is sketched in the form of processes and different emotional, cognitive, sensory-perceptual, esthetics, etc dimensions. All of these variants share the flexibility and fluidity of sign-meaning and are revealed under the supervision and control of discourse process. In this process,...
A Study on Repetition Techniques in Persian Morphology
- a Vafaie; Alboghbish
The speakers of any language, according to their constant need, coin some novel words in order to convey meaning, express ideas, thoughts, and their desires. In this process, they take advantage of their overt or covert linguistic competence. For instance, the derivative feature of Arabic language has contributed a lot to speakers of that language to create so many words with multiple meanings, all formed on the same stem. Likewise, English speakers make use of the derivative features, compounding, blending, and multiple processes of their language to create words. Similarly, in Persian language, the speakers make new words based on...
Examination of Michael Dummett’s Anti-Realism and Verificationist Approach
- a Hossein Khani
Anti-realism was first introduced by Michael Dummett, the contemporary analytic philosopher. He has always preferred to discuss about statements and assertions (instead of entities), such as statements in the past tense, statements about the physical world, and so on. Based on his approach to metaphysical problems, we should initially choose an appropriate model of meaning and a proper conception of the notion of truth applicable to the statements. By doing so, the dispute between realism and anti-realism can be rendered to a disagreement on the kind of meaning the statements may have. After criticizing the realist approach, he goes on...
The Possibility of Moral Reasoning in Hare’s Prescriptivism
- m zamani; mh Mahdavinejad; a Azhdar; R Taghian Varzaneh
The contemporary approaches to moral philosophy have experienced diverging directions regarding the possibility and justification of reasoning. Hare claims that in spite of the fact that intuitivists like Moore, Ross, and Prichard block the use of reasoning by accepting the intuitiveness of knowledge of good and bad, emotivism takes the same rout by focusing on emotions and emphasizing the freedom of choice. While descriptivism and also naturalism accept the possibility of reasoning through admitting the indicative nature of ethical speech, they reject or limit the freedom of choice. He tries to justify both the freedom of choice and the possibility...
Philosophical Foundations of Intuitionistic Logic
- L Nabavi; MA Hojati; H Alaeenezhad
Intuitionistic logic, as a non-classical logic, encompasses the principles of logical reasoning which were used by L. E. J. Brouwer in developing his intuitionistic mathematics. Brouwer rejected the principle of the excluded middle on the basis of his philosophy. In his philosophical view, logic is the application of mathematics to the language of mathematics. In other words, logic studies the patterns that characterize valid inference. The resulting linguistic system of logic may be studied mathematically, even independently of the mathematical activities that it was originally abstracted from. In this paper, the philosophical basis of Brouwer’s view about Logic and Mathematics...
Internal Realism: Putnam\'s Alternative to Metaphysical Realism
- J Akbari Takhtameshlou; M Golshani
Hilary Putnam, who was once one of the representatives and proponents of scientific and metaphysical realism, became an unrelenting opponent of metaphysical realism during the mid-70s. Having argued against alethic and ontological dimensions of metaphysical realism, he proposed “internal realism” as an alternative to it. Putnam's major objection to the alethic dimension of metaphysical realism was that this philosophy brings about an unbridgeable gap between the truth of a proposition and our epistemic justifications for it. As to the ontological dimension of metaphysical realism, he proposed the criticism to the effect that according to this philosophical position the world consists...
KAŞKAY TÜRKÇESİNDE İYELİK BİLDİREN YÜKLEMLEMELER
- Abdullah ELCAN
Kaşkay Türkçesi; İran’ın güneyinde, Fars eyaletinde yaşayan Kaşkay
Türklerinin konuşma dilidir. Türk dillerinin tasnifinde Oğuz grubu Türk
lehçeleri arasında gösterilen Kaşkay Türkçesi yazı dili olarak gelişmemiş;
Kaşkay Türklerinin hemen tamamının aynı zamanda Farsça konuşuru olması
dolayısıyla da Farsçanın güçlü etkisi altında tipolojik özelliklerini büyük
ölçüde yitirmeye başlamıştır. İki dilin karşı karşıya gelmesiyle ortaya ne gibi
durumların çıkabileceği dil bilim çalışmalarında önemli bir yer tutmaktadır.
Önceleri bu ilişkiler yalnızca kelime alışverişi ile sınırlı tutulmakla birlikte
günümüzde dillerin birbirinden yapısal ögeleri de kopyalayabildikleri kabul
edilmektedir. İki dilli her topluluk gibi Kaşkay Türkleri de sosyal açıdan
baskın olan Farsçadan yapısal ögeleri almakta ve bu yapılar dilin kendi
yapısal ögelerini geri plana itmektedir. Bu çalışmada...
Multi-Word Term Extraction Based on New Hybrid Approach for Arabic Language
- Meryeme Hadni; Abdelmonaime Lachkar; Said Alaoui Ouatik
Arabic Multiword Term are relevant strings of words
in text documents. Once they are
automatically extracted, they can be used to increa
se the performance of any text mining
applications such as Categorisation, Clustering, In
formation Retrieval System, Machine
Translation, and Summarization, etc. This paper int
roduces our proposed Multiword term
extraction system based on the contextual informati
on. In fact, we propose a new method based
a hybrid approach for Arabic Multiword term extract
ion. Like other method based on hybrid
approach, our method is composed by two main steps:
the Linguistic approach and the
Statistical one. In the first step, the Linguistic
Learning styles and multiple intelligences in the teaching-learning of Spanish as a foreign language
- Esperanza LUENGO-CERVERA
This paper examines two theoretical constructs: Learning Styles and Multiple Intelligences as variables in the teaching-learning process of Spanish as a Foreign Language. The group learning profile has been analyzed through the use of the Questionnaire of Honey-Alonso of Learning Styles (CHAEA, 2007) and Silver and Strong Questionnaire for Multiple Intelligences (2000) while learning journals have been utilized to triangulate the data obtained through the questionnaires. Three moderate correlations have been found among the variables of both constructs: Linguistic Intelligence-Reflexive Style; Linguistic Intelligence-Theoretical Style; and Musical Intelligence-Active Style. Both theories have been employed in a Spanish course which gives students...
Museos para todos: evaluación de una guía audiodescriptiva para personas con discapacidad visual en el museo de ciencias
- Silvia Soler Gallego; Antonio Javier Chica Núñez
La traducción y la interpretación son una valiosa herramienta de accesibilidad museística, al facilitar la comunicación entre el museo y visitantes con diversas capacidades. En este artículo se exponen los resultados de un estudio llevado a cabo en el marco del proyecto TACTO, en el que se ha creado y evaluado una guía audiodescriptiva para visitantes con discapacidad visual para el Parque de las Ciencias de Granada. El proyecto se centró en los aspectos lingüísticos de los contenidos de la guía y su evaluación, que aunó técnicas de observación participante, de encuesta y de entrevista. Los resultados indican que el...
Religious culture and health promotion: care, practice, object
- Viola Timm
At the margins of modern medical practice, pushing the very limits of science, and indefatigably rendering the precincts of public discourse, still functional remnants of Christian civilization continue to provide care for the hopeless, perform healing sacraments for the incurable, and curate objects of votive devotion for the suffering and needy. These public services go largely unaccounted for, though they secure an ordered world, structure perception, and serve as ontological anchors. Lost in the vague, scientifically unrarified notions of spirituality that brace a general, undifferentiated worldwide metaphysical experience and disregard immense cultural, functional, geographic and performative distinctness, Catholic sacramental practices...
Sistema de tareas para la enseñanza combinada de la gramática comunicativa y la gramática tradicional de lengua inglesa
- Nancy del Carmen Jiménez Figueredo; Yadira Aurora Martínez Torres; José Suárez Lezcano; Aracelis Alarcón Vargas; Sandra Montaña Alarcón
Se realizó el diseño de un sistema de tareas para la enseñanza combinada de la gramática comunicativa y la gramática tradicional de lengua inglesa, con metodología cuali-cuantitativa, en la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas “Zoilo Marinello Vidaurreta” de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Las Tunas, durante el período comprendido entre septiembre de 2011 y julio de 2014. El objetivo estuvo direccionado a perfeccionar la corrección lingüística en el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje del idioma Inglés. La realización del diseño contó con: una revisión bibliográfica de los principales enfoques utilizados en la enseñanza-aprendizaje del Inglés; la revisión documental, que permitió determinar las...