Ciência e linguagem: Integrando discurso e contexto na análise das conclusões de artigos científicos experimentais do memórias do instituto oswaldo cruz (1909-1919 e 1980-1989)
- Walsh, Bianca
Resumo:Neste trabalho, foram analisadas as conclusões dos artigos científicos experimentais de um periódico brasileiro tradicional, considerando os períodos de 1909-19 e 1980-89. A análise integrou língua e contexto ao revelar tipos de argumentos, movimentos retóricos e traços linguísticos. Os achados foram a mudança de um discurso linear e menos retoricamente elaborado no primeiro período para uma densidade e ciclicidade altamente retóricas no segundo. Esses achados correlacionam-se com a mudança de uma comunidade de prestígio, coesa e pequena para uma comunidade grande e pressionada a adaptar-se aos parâmetros da big science sem nenhum apoio governamental. São discutidas contribuições aos estudos de...
The functional/cognitive principle of information structure in texts: Discourse pressures and syntactic devices for english as l2 learners
- Tenuta, Adriana Maria; Adorno Marciotto Oliveira, Ana Larissa
Abstract:This paper presents the results of a study carried out to investigate the degree of perception of the thematic structure of the clause (theme and rheme) and the informational structure of a text (given and new elements) by Brazilian learners of English, undergraduate students from a Federal University in Brazil. The theoretical background relies on the principles of functional-cognitive linguistics, relative to how discourse impacts linguistic choices (HALLIDAY 1985CHAFE 1995). The corpus of this research consisted of a series of exercises that were administered to undergraduate students, English majors. The findings shed light to the fact that learners are still...
Introduction to statistical methods in linguistic with Python
- Roulois, Alexandre
Consideraciones sobre la itertextualidad en la lingüística textual y en la traducción
- Munteanu, Dan; Marrero Pulido, Vicente
Exploration of talk and gestures for dialogic scaffolding: a study of primary and secondary reading instruction
- Patel, NS
This sociocultural research aims to explore the use of semiotic resources for meaning-making that takes place in primary and secondary reading instruction in Singapore schools and Singapore-based British international schools. The research extrapolates similar interesting observations found across age groups to make the theory generated, a redesigned dialogic scaffolding model with a gesture element, more robust. The study highlights the theoretical and methodological contributions arising from this research, along with pedagogical implications as it explores common strategies for practitioners’ implementation. While many previous studies have tended to focus on the role of speech used in classrooms, there is a growing...
Linguistic abilities and its cognitive determinants: contemporary research perspectives
- Gavrilova E.V.
The article presents contemporary studies of linguistic abilities in psychology. The different approaches to the linguistic abilities structure are discussed in relation to empirical results on peculiarities of the second language mastering. The special attention is paid to the cognitive determinants of linguistic abilities. So the empirical data concerning the interaction between language-aptitude test scores and different abilities, e.g. verbal intelligence and working memory, are analyzed in more details. In the conclusion the research perspectives in different cognitive processes which determine the efficiency of the second language mastery are discussed
Azionalità e costruzioni idiomatiche
- A. Bellavia
In this piece of research we provide a Cognitive Grammar (Langacker, 1987, i.a) account of aspectual interpretation in idiomatic constructions denoting intense actions. The general goal of this paper is to show how that the overall conceptual structure can, in some cases, override the linguistic structure entailing consequences for the explanation of grammatical phenomena.
In more detail, we deal with two idiomatic patterns in English and Italian, respectively: V one’s BODY PART prt idioms (to laugh one’s head off) and Denominal Verbs of Removal (DVRs; von Heusinger, Schwarze, 2006) idioms (sganasciarsi). In both cases, a caused removal of...
The Pragmatics of Virtual Environments. Compliment responses in Second Life
- V. Cirillo
The advent of the Internet has dramatically changed, among other things, the way people learn a language. With the new ICT tools, more and more users can interact with native speakers in their target language, potentially without ever moving from home. To this regard, virtual worlds appear to be a resourceful place where language learners can meet and practice their L2. However, while these virtual worlds are being increasingly employed for language learning purposes, they still remain a linguistically unexplored ground. But if the Internet has changed the way people interact, it is also plausible that the pragmatic norms...
Lire le pastiche
- A. Calì
A pastiche of Proust, The Lemoine Affair by Gustave Flaubert, is here considered under a semio-linguistic perspective, which is doomed to locate the marks of a diffuse intertextuality, similar to a playground where the vagaries of sense perception are pushed to the limit of readability. Thus this text, beginning with a news item which is not even narrated, immediately displays the traces of its "polyphony", given by those meaning networks which migrate from different horizons and then meet in a unique text: here they endlessly open the virtues of selection which inevitably accompany the writing process.
Globollywood. "Caminho das Índias" entre estereótipos, castas e code-mixing
- G. L. De Rosa
The current paper analyses the way India and its cultural universe are re-interpreted and represented in Brazilian telenovela Caminho das Índias (2009). An analysis of this audio-visual product shows that linguistic and cultural ‘translation’ processes are at work. In particular, the paper will discuss the following features: constant code-mixing (Brazilian Portuguese-Hindi); and forms and processes of hybridization which are highly interesting from a cultural point of view.
Keyword: Brazilian telenovelas, code-mixing, translation, cultural stereotypes, Bollywood
Este trabalho, com base na análise das formas de representação do universo cultural indiano presentes na novela brasileira Caminho das Índias (2009),...
Variabili linguistiche e comprensibilità nei foglietti illustrativi dei medicinali tedeschi e italiani
- D. Puato
The analysis was carried out on 200 package leaflets for medicinal products marketed in Germany and Italy during the year 2011 (100 per language). Both prescription and non-prescription medicines as well as pharmacotherapeutic categories were taken into account.
Substantial differences emerged between the two languages. In particular, in Italian there are three types...
Los monólogos humorísticos en la clase de e/le: análisis lingüístico y didáctico
- A. Re
Los numerosos estudios en lingüística aplicada sobre motivación y enseñanza de lenguas llevados a cabo en los últimos años, juntos con el asentamiento definitivo del enfoque comunicativo en la praxis didáctica, demuestran que el empleo del texto humorístico en las clases de lengua extranjera puede convertirse en una herramienta de gran utilidad. Tanto es así que no solo la creación de manuales de español como lengua extranjera, sino también las numerosas aportaciones y contribuciones online de material didáctico se basan, cada vez más, en la explotación de textos auténticos, escritos y orales, del registro cómico y humorístico. Sin embargo,...
Máquina Lingüística. Una lectura del problema del lenguaje en la filosofía temprana de Giorgio Agamben
- P. Fleisner
In Il linguaggio e la morte, Giorgio Agamben aims to dismantle the mythologem that reveals the essential negativity attributed to the “human”: the Western assumption of an unbreakable and fundamental link between the human faculties of Language and Death. This metaphysical problem is thought as an ethical problem: the Voice is the negative foundation, the usual abode -always divided- of man. If many years later, in L’aperto, Agamben can explicitly pose the need for a genealogy of “Life” and review the operation of the “anthropological machine” that makes “men” from the cuts established in the “Living”, is partly because...
Pinceladas de fragmentación urbana en la narrativa de Alberto Fuguet. Postmodernidad y destellos McOndianos en la Santiago de Chile de Por favor, rebobinar
- G. Gatti
The aim of this article is to analyze in which way and terms the incorporation of canonical attitudes and linguistic behaviors of the postmodern culture is included in the novel Por favor, rebobinar (1998), from the Chilean writer and filmmaker Alberto Fuguet. We will underline the modalities –sometimes merely descriptive, some others ironic or critical– according to which the urban and night scene of Santiago of Chile reflects the fragmentation in human exchanges and the fleetingness of the values of the present age. As theoretical frame, in the first part of our work we will survey the sociocultural dynamics...
The wild heart of a wild land. Tra le Alpi albanesi sulle orme di Mary Edith Durham
- M. Genesin; D. Martucci
In 2007 we decided to follow the same route through northern Albania which was covered almost 100 years ago by the victorian traveller Mary Edith Durham, author of the books High Albania and Some Tribal Origins, Laws and Customs of the Balkans. The journey described in High Albania was the culmination of seven years of regular Balkan travels during which she was rewarded with insights into north Albanian life denied to all previous travellers. Unlike her other expeditions in the Balkans, her journey in northern Albania was an existential experience which deeply affected Durham’s perception of the tribespeople’s world...
L’esperienza poetica nell’Argentina degli anni Sessanta
- S. Lafuente
Juan Gelman, Leónidas Lamborghini, Francisco Urondo, César Ferández Moreno, among the most famous of the poetic generation in Argentina during the Sixties, take up the concept of critical verbal art that the Hispanic-American vanguard had proposed as a priority. They finished the work of their predecessors, especially that of the late Huidobro, who, after Altazor left the more external aspects of the play behind, and of César Vallejo, creating a poetic area where emotion and subjectivity coexist with linguistic experimentation, where the pleasure of construction and the subtleties of linguistic deformations are inexorably tied to sentiment.
In obliterating the...
La terminología y el léxico del lenguaje parlamentario español
- L. J. Santos Lopez
This paper intends to analyse the relationship between lexicology and terminology in the use of language within the Spanish parliament. It moves forth from the methodological approach of the Cultural Theory on Terminology, without disregarding the Communicative or the Socio-cognitive Terminology. The fieldwork begins with the analysis of two linguistic corpora of the Spanish parliamentarian language, and a corpus of generic language. From the comparison of these two corpora the author has drawn the basic terminology for the definition of the participants, the areas of action and communication, and the organisation of communication and of political action within the...
Заимствования как фундаментальный языковый приём в прозе Рубиной. Роман Вот идёт Мессия!..
- E. Larionova
This paper discusses hybridization in contemporary Russian language. In particular, the work focuses on Dina Rubina’s novel Here comes the Messiah! (Вотидет Мессия!.....).Her prose is characterized by a wide range of linguistic and communicative means; a key role is played by linguistic hybridization which alienates the text from any contexts, notions of time, as well as the ordinary and accepted linguistic norms. In her work, Rubina - a migrant writer living in Israel - describes a carnival atmosphere (based on Bachtin’s idea of carnival) as one of the main leitmotivs of the Russian community in Jerusalem. Words - which...
“Conyo talk”: the affirmation of hybrid identity and power in contemporary Philippine discourse
- M. M. Garvida
The Philippine linguistic and cultural phenomenon “coño talk” (a mix of predominantly Spanish and English with tagalog) is a type of discourse that purportedly identifies and differentiates people of ‘power’ from the common masses, and arose from the impact of Spanish and American colonization. This paper examines how web discussion forums embody these social tensions through ethnomethodological discourse analysis (Tate 2007) and Bhabha’s (1990) third space to demonstrate the patent cultural hybridity in the Philippine society. Analysis demonstrates how participants as conyo speakers position themselves, and discusses the socio-cultural implications of these presentations. Results show participants instinctively and/or intentionally...
The acquisition of L2 English through cognitive strategies and problem solving
- M. T. Giampaolo
This work analyzes how Italian students learn and manage their L2 English skills in Specialized Discourse and general language. In particular, their cognitive strategies of meaning construction through problem solving and sensemaking are investigated through the Think-Aloud Technique. The strategic behaviour is meant as a competence necessary to overcome the difficulties due to the incomplete linguistic competence and learners need to be aware of its use to fulfil communicative tasks.