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Nomenclatura Unesco > (57) Lingüística
Nomenclatura Unesco > (57) Lingüística
The author studies the means of representation of fabricated knowledge in scientific linguistic text and analyses the peculiarities of its employment by R.A. Harris in his monograph “The Linguistics Wars”. The use of metaphorical and non-metaphorical means of representation of fabricated knowledge in a particular scientific text serves the conceptual and communicative objectives set by the author. It is also viewed as a peculiarity of his individual style.
Tameryan, T.Yu.; Tsagolova, V.A.
The paper deals with the analysis of German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s metaphoric image in the German press. As a result of analysis 8 binary metaphorical constructions, verbalized by two components, one of which is positively marked (PM), the other one have been negatively (NM) identified. Statistical analysis of the linguistic material allowed to conclude that the assessment of Merkel is ambivalently with a slight predominance of positive estimation.
Trubnikova, N.V.; Ageeva, V.V.
The article is devoted to the modern Western historiography reflection on historical semantics and modes of historical time, raised in the works of the German reseacher Renhardt Koselleck. His historical epistemology, locating between a "space experience" and a "horizon of expectations" of living generations is seen as a breaking deadlock each of a “linguistic turn” and a traditional historical description. This approach makes possible to combine the analysis of historical experience with its discursive description. The authors examine the impact of theoretical and methodological foundations of Koselleck's historical semantics on contemporary German specific historical research. On the example of Russian...
Aleksandrova, O.I.; Zakharova, E.V.
The subject of the analysis is the Russian Islamic discourse as a type of religious communication that takes place not only in mosques but also in modern mass media including the Internet. Websites, which content is somehow connected with Islam, have got some linguistic aspects to be described. One of them is interdiscoursivity determined by Islamic expansion in all aspects of life.
Khalina, N.V.; Manskov, S.A.; Belousova, V.S.; Voronin, M.S.
The paper considers linguistic presumption as a way to assess language skills, and consequently, the validity of the human capital of the Russian migrants.
Khalina, N.V.; Manskov, S.A.; Belousova, V.S.; Voronin, S.M.
The article introduces the concept of a linguistic presumption – linguistic category of evaluation and measurement language skills of a person and validity of human capital in the system of modern economic and cultural communication.
Chernova, N.A.; Mustafina, J.N.
The purpose of the article is to outline the core concepts of a subject intension, molding and development, being also important to understanding Vygotsky’s view of cognitive development who clearly suggests that it is inseparably linked with speech intellectual activity and because of it is reality reflection as if refracted in the light of linguistic meaning. As a result, communicative collaboration with adults or peers that are more skilled contributes to the development of self-regulation, that is, the capacity for independent problem solving and self-directed activity. Using sociocultural theory and its tenets as a framework, we would see a highly...
The paper analyses linguistic landscape as an object of study in sociolinguistics. The investigation deals with different approaches to the definition of linguistic landscape. The author specifies its functions, subjects and structural elements.
Linguists often use the notion of “identity”. It is used either in relation to structural peculiarities of constructions or in relation to semantics. In most cases, linguistic units have one identical (i.e. equivalent, similar, resembling) distinctive feature: category, grammatical or lexical meaning, structural component, syntactic function. If within one unit we come across functional, structural, and semantic equivalence, we can speak about the linguistic category of identity. Modern science requires more than explication of the term, it calls for a detailed study of constituting phenomena, their interrelationships and interpenetration, their semantic and structural peculiarities, the means of their realization and...
The article speaks on the linguistic and cognitive concepts of reproducibility as of the speaker's ability to retrieve from memory and apply not only words but syntactic constructions. Reproducibility is seen as a special ability to be a stable, historically fixed language unit, reflecting the reality; an ability to be reproduced as one and the same unit in various texts. The article speaks on the integral and distinguishing characteristics of the categories of reproducibility and stability; it dwells on cognitive conditionality of reproducibility, which gives an opportunity to reproduce not only notional units but units of communication.
Valentinova, O.I.; Preobrazhenskiy, S.Yu.; Rybakov, M.A.
The article presents the analysis of possibilities of using systemological approach in solving general and particular problems of modern linguistics. As the study showed, the linguistic theory of G. P. Mel’nikov, based on the principle of the systematic approach, has high explanatory potential in the field of general problems of linguistic theory and typology (development of a common framework of analysis of phenomena at different levels, knowing of the causes of historical changes of language, relations between language type and conditions of its existence) and for particular problems, for example, an explanatory analysis of the level structure of the Semitic...
The article internal activity of the Slavic culture associated with name, the ontological model of lexical meaning and the recurrence cycles of the Slavic linguistic lexical-semantic continuum. The name is seen as the basic unit, which provides communication within the borders of the Slavic language Union, the ontological model of the lexical meaning of the Slavic words as constructive unity, representing the Slavic reflexive thought.
Yakovleva, S.L.; Kazantseva, I.V.; Shestakova, O.B.
The article presents a comparative analysis of English and German idiomatic expressions containing the component of colour in their structure. It has been revealed that black dominates in the English linguistic idiomatic view of the world. The core centre of the focal colours in the German culture is also schwarz / black. General and specific features of black / schwarz as a part of national linguistic views of the world of the English and German languages are considered in the article.
Bazarova, L.V.; Mazaeva, T.V.
The article considers the problems of translation of political texts, taking into consideration the linguistic, psycholinguistic and lingual sociocultural factors as well as the most effective linguistic modes which play an important role in the functioning of political discourse. The inaugural speeches of V.V. Putin in 2000 and 2004 are given as the object of study in order to identify specific segments of discourse, basic strategies and tactics.
Gridina, T.A.; Ustinova, T.V.
The paper focuses on the role of verbal associations in non-conventional meaning construction. The Associative Theory of Linguistic Creativity is put forward as an attempt to explain the dynamic process of meaning construction in cases of deliberate language nonconformity in poetry. Linguistic creativity of the poet is regarded as de-canonized speech practice, i. e. the deliberate violation of language norm and convention aimed at producing some pragmatic effects. The poet’s lingua-creative innovations and modifications are described in this paper as prompts for the reader’s novel and unique conceptualization. The reader’s construction of meaning of the poet’s linguistic non-standardness is analyzed...
In this paper we consider the theoretical and practical basis of teaching foreign languages in bilingual and multicultural setting. The subject of the research is interdisciplinary analysis of Bilingualism, the conditions of teaching foreign languages by means of universal model for teaching foreign in multilingual setting with the use of linguistic comparative analysis.
Pérez Silvestre, Òscar
Saragossà Alba, Abelard
In this historical essay one of the most particular dimensions of Hugo Chavez Frías political discourse is shown, like the one linked closely to the emergency of a hero myth in the construction of the idea of nation. After reviewing the Venezuelan political conflict scenarios, that from the seventies which is expressed in the 1989 Caracas rebellion and the 1992 army movement, Chavez political rise is built up, but from the analysis of a discourse that moves the return of a hero in a crisis moment and national confusion. This circumstance allows to associate the features of a change political...