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Nomenclatura Unesco > (57) Lingüística

Mostrando recursos 141 - 160 de 54,907

141. La transtextualidad en el discurso periodístico. Análisis de una entrevista - Romero Alvarez, María de Lourdes
Every text is a product of several writings and it will only be complete when it is updated by the reader. For this reason, in order that a text can be considered as such, the active participation of the reader is required.This means that the reader has to understand the content of the text. To do this the reader has not only have a knowledge of the linguistic code but also have other kinds of competences such as be proficient in other skills to establish relationships between the content of the text and that of other texts, to make assumptions,...

142. Leer lo ilegible. Sobre el proceso de lectura como fundamento de la crítica literaria - Martínez Carrizales, Leonardo; Martínez Luna, Esther
This article proposes to rethink the idea that literary text is a closed and selfsufficient system by virtue of the highly formalized systems that appear in its configuration. This notion has been sanctioned theoretically and institutionally thanks to the existence of literary studies as a university discipline. The 118 Martínez Carrizales y Martínez Luna / Leer lo ilegible processes of critical reading authorized by the university institution of literary studies fully assume the systematic character of recognized codes in the construction of the literary text. On the other hand, in these pages one wishes to propose that literary text is...

143. Una visión comparativa entre el rupaka de Bharata y la metáfora de Aristóteles - Rentería Alejandre, Sergio Armando
The forms of love in India are as complex as in the rest of cultures; especially when they are reflected in literature. One of the tasks of Indian literary poets about these forms is concentrated on the cultural and the social field. The Indian lyric poetry reflects images which go beyond linguistic structural morphosyntactic forms. For both Indian and Greek theorists and poets it is very important not only the structural form of poetry but also the images in it. With this I refer to alamkaras or rhetoric figures, as it is usual translate them thanks to all poetic Greek...

144. El lenguaje abismal. La mística del lenguaje en Walter Benjamin - Mendoza Solís, Emiliano
Walter Benjamin expone en su ensayo de juventud denominado “Sobre el lenguaje en cuanto tal y sobre el lenguaje del hombre” (1916), los aspectos más importantes relativos a la teoría del lenguaje. La idea de lenguaje está fundamentadamediante el examen de los contenidos espirituales del hombre y surelación con el ser lingüístico. Esta distinción condiciona a la teoría a permanecer sobre el abismo que anida en el interior de la entidad espiritual del lenguaje. El elemento abismal da lugar a una revelación o principio (arché) vinculadoa la mística del lenguaje.

145. Formal language decomposition into semantic primes - Fähndrich, Johannes; Ahrndt, Sebastian; Albayrak, Sahin
This paper describes an algorithm for semantic decomposition. For that we surveys languages used to enrich contextual information with semantic descriptions. Such descriptions can be e.g. applied to enable reasoning when collecting vast amounts of information. In particular, we focus on the elements of the languages that make up their semantic. To do so, we compare the expressiveness of the well-known languages OWL, PDDL and MOF with a theory from linguistic called the Natural Semantic Metalanguage. We then analyze how the semantic of the language is build up and describe how semantic decomposition based on the semantic primes can be...

146. “L’esprit humain, qui semble voyager d’un pays à l’autre”: Considerazioni sulle relazioni storiche tra traduzione e letteratura comparata - Boldrini, Lucia
An observation by Stanley Corngold on the essential difference between comparative literature and translation is the starting point for observing how the linguistic ideal is constructed, whether we look at the close link between mother language and identity, or at the formal eloquence of the hegemonic language.  These concepts are related to the Romantic assertion of identity between people, nation, language and literature (and thus to the historical moment which created the conditions for the development of the discipline of comparative literature), to the early modern expansion of the national languages (which for Pascale Casanova marks the beginning of the...

147. «Na ssciacquata de bbocca»: I sonetti romaneschi di Belli in Primo Levi - Cavaglion, Alberto
All of Levi’s characters have a real model and a literary one. Caesar, one of the protagonists of La tregua was called Lello Perugia, but in Se questo è un uomo had already been presented as Piero Sonnino. No other character has had an official identity so uncertain. This is perhaps due to the greater weight of the preceding literature. The character is modelled on Caesar’s sonnets in Roman dialect by Giuseppe G. Belli, which Levi had known since his university years and would continue to love into his later years, when he would include four in the anthology La...

148. Bases de la interpretación intercultural en un Estado plural como el boliviano. - Arias López, Boris Wilson
La Constitución boliviana del año 2009 reconoce y gestiona la pluralidad en materia política, económica, lingüística, cultural y jurídica. El pluralismo jurídico en un país tan diverso culturalmente hablando como el boliviano debe provocar la adopción de un método de interpretación intercultural. El presente trabajo refiere a los elementos esenciales para la construcción de un método intercutlural en Bolivia.

149. Direct written corrective feedback, learner differences, and the acquisition of second language article use for generic and specific plural reference - Stefanou, Charis; Revesz, Andrea
This article reports on a classroom-based study that investigated the effectiveness of direct written corrective feedback in relation to learner differences in grammatical sensitivity and knowledge of metalanguage. The study employed a pretest–posttest–delayed posttest design with two treatment sessions. Eighty-nine Greek English as a foreign language (EFL) learners were randomly assigned to three groups: direct feedback only, direct feedback plus metalinguistic comments, and comparison. The linguistic target was article use for specific and generic plural reference. A text summary and a truth value judgment test were employed to measure any development in learners’ ability to use articles. The results revealed...

150. Tailored motivational message generation: a model and practical framework for real-time physical activity coaching - Akker, Harm op den; Cabrita, Miriam; Akker, Rieks op den; Jones, Valerie M.; Hermens, Hermie J.
This paper presents a comprehensive and practical framework for automatic generation of real-time tailored messages in behavior change applications. Basic aspects of motivational messages are time, intention, content and presentation. Tailoring of messages to the individual user may involve all aspects of communication. A linear modular system is presented for generating such messages. It is explained how properties of user and context are taken into account in each of the modules of the system and how they affect the linguistic presentation of the generated messages. The model of motivational messages presented is based on an analysis of existing literature as...

[en] The present study tries to know the salvific message of Eph 1, 3-6. This concern is the heart of the biblical text as salvation’s message and the Semantic Theological Method used for the analysis that interest is finding in the biblical text the core message of Christianity: the salvific experience of Christ happening in the life of the believer. Christ salvific dynamisms signified by semantic fields that relate and explain the textual fabric were be identified; highlighting the essential philological and linguistic elements to the understanding of the text. The new look provided by Semantic Theological Method offered us...

152. El pacto periodístico - Romero Alvarez, María de Lourdes
This article discusses one of the fundamental questions about journalism, which the author defines as the journalistic pact. This pact, involving the journalist and his/her readers, assumes that the spokesperson expresses the event as he/she saw it and the receptor accepts the way the event was expressed. The commitment between both obliges them to know and fulfil the contract to avoid anyone being dissatisfied. The journalist converts the facts into a story; by processing them he/she manipulates them, that is to say, he/she interprets, selects and organises, prioritises and applies linguistic criteria requirements. The outcome of this subjective  process is...

153. Negociaciones de identidad en la radio indígena y étnica colombiana: tres casos de estudio - Uribe-Jongbloed, Enrique; Peña Sarmiento, María Fernanda
The topic of native and ethnic radio, as part of the lack ofresearch on radio in Colombia, has been poorly developed(Cuesta Moreno, 2012a, 2012b). This article shows three studycases: Radio Nasa of Nasa Community, Jujunula Makuira of WayuuCommunity, and Al A With A Wan program of native communityfrom San Andrés island; it also explores the identity perspectivesthat find negotiation spaces in radio production, especially therelationship of their collective identity and the way it affects ordetermines its linguistic use. This research is based on a threestageprocess where producers (practice communities) (Wenger,1998) make a reflection on their function and issue concepts onthe...

154. Performatividad discursiva y espacio(s) social(s) liminar(s). Una propuesta de aproximación a las prácticas comunicativas de migrantes indígenas quechua-bolivianos en Buenos Aires (Argentina) - Dreidemie, Patricia
Through Anthropologist Linguistics and exploration, the article proposes aparticular approach to the communicative practices of indigenous Bolivian-Quechuamigrants that resides in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The guiding question is if and how,within the liminal space of cultural vulnerability, stigmatization and migration, thelinguistic and discursive formal shapes emerge as particular resources ofappropriation-ness, (re)signifying or fight to establish social places, territories orcommunal jurisdictions. The order of the essay is as follows: first, it references andreflects on its theoretical and methodological base-concepts; second, it exposesthe ethno-linguistic condition found during field work; third, it lists and classifiesdifferent speech forms identified as functional in the discursive community...

155. Del diálogo al combate lingüístico en el teatro del Portugal de la "Restauraçao" - Camoes, José

156. Aproximación lingüística a la documentación judicial de Aguilar de la Frontera (Córdoba): estudio grafofonemático - Zamorano Aguilar, Alfonso

157. Algunos aspectos de reduccionismo freudiano - Azcona, Maximiliano
Este trabajo se enmarca en el tema de los reduccionismos (tópico clásico en filosofía de la ciencia) y apunta a deslindar algunos aspectos del denominado "reduccionismo de Freud". Partiendo de los usos coloquiales, podemos arribar a una definición de "reducción": se trata de una operación cognitiva de abstracción selectiva, en la que un conjunto de entidades se equipara con las propiedades de sus elementos determinantes o constituyentes. Generalmente, es la subsunción de estructuras complejas en estructuras más simples; sin embargo lo único necesario para hablar de reducción es que las características del campo receptor han de ser necesariamente más abarcativas...

158. La “terminología” cristiana en el “Vocabulario” y el “Arte de la lengua” del fraile franciscano Maturino Gilberti - Valero Cuadra, Pino
Nuestro propósito con este trabajo es presentar y analizar la dimensión lingüística del fraile franciscano y misionero Maturino Gilberti, que llevó a cabo su labor evangelizadora en el Michoacán mexicano. Aunque sus obras principales son de carácter religioso, también escribió obras de carácter lingüístico-lexicográfico, entre las que se destaca su Arte de la lengua tarasca, un compendio gramatical de esta lengua, y el Vocabulario en lengua de Michoacán, el mejor diccionario tarasco conocido. Nos proponemos describir ambas obras y mostrar la relevancia para la historia de la lingüística misionera, desde el punto de vista del propósito evangelizador que ambas persiguen,...

159. Un episodio exótico de la misión jesuita: Pedro Páez en Etiopía - Serrano Bertos, Elena
En el contexto de la labor que la misión jesuita desarrolló en Etiopía en los siglos XVI y XVII, el presente trabajo pone de relieve la figura del misionero Pedro Páez, cuya obra Historia de Etiopía supone el trabajo científico sobre la etnografía e historiografía etíopes más significativo de la literatura del país del Cuerno de África. Su valor científico, documental, histórico, etnográfico, lingüístico y traductológico/traductográfico ─la obra se compone, entre otros, de textos sobre Etiopía escritos por misioneros y viajeros europeos, textos etíopes, así como fuentes orales carentes de soporte escrito─ hacen de su trabajo un texto plurivalente y...

160. $rec.titulo - Gómez, Ricardo
In this paper I offer a new edition of the Euskera manuscript, written by the bascologist J.F. Aizkibel in 1856. The preliminary study focuses on a survey of the sources extensively used by Aizkibel, which are mainly two: Schleicher's Die Sprachen Europas (1850 [1852]) and Champollion-Figeac's Égypte ancienne (1840). Moreover, the comparison with the sources reveals us that Aizkibel intended to adapt Schleicher's and Champollion-Figeac's analyses to attest that Basque was originally a very ancient monosyllabic language, and that it was spoken by cultured people. Some other linguistic ideas of Aizkibel are also discussed.


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