INTERACTION IN A CHINESE AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE CLASSROOM: A CONVERSATION ANALYSIS APPROACH
- John Rylander
The following research involves the use of Conversation Analysis (CA) in the analysis of classroom discourse within a year-long university level Chinese as a Foreign Language (CFL) course. The goals of the research were: (a) to look at how a specific, two-part activity within a CFL classroom is bounded by a pre-allocated instructor turn, (b) how the turn-taking structure of the activity is organized in terms of question/answer adjacency pairs, (c) how repair occurs within the data and whether, as well as in what form, uptake exists, and (d) how students orient to the on-going speech in general by incorporating...
THE HAUSA PERFECTIVE TENSE-ASPECT USED IN WH-/FOCUS CONSTRUCTIONS AND HISTORICAL NARRATIVES: A UNIFIED ACCOUNT
- Philip J. Jaggar
Russell Schuh has always been attracted to the linguistic study of tense, aspect and mood categories in various genres of Hausa discourse. In the early 1980s he wrote up an insightful paper entitled “Hausa tense/aspect/mood (TAM)
WHICH UNITS FOR ACOUSTIC AND LANGUAGE MODELING FOR KHMER AUTOMATIC SPEECH RECOGNITION?
- Sopheap Seng; Sethserey Sam; Viet-bac Le; Brigitte Bigi; Laurent Besacier
In this paper we present an overview on the development of a large vocabulary continuous speech recognition system for Khmer language. Methods and tools used for quick language resources collection for the development of an ASR system for a new under-resourced language are presented. Face with the problem of lack of text data and the word error segmentation in language modeling, we investigate how different views of the text data (word and sub-word units) can be exploited for Khmer language modeling. We propose to work both at the model level (by making hybrid vocabularies with both word and sub-word units)...
Cross-linguistic Computation and a Rhythm-based Classification of Languages
- August Fenk; Gertraud Fenk-oczlon
Abstract: This paper is in line with the principles of numerical taxonomy and with the program of holistic typology. It integrates the level of phonology with the morphological and syntactical level by correlating metric properties (such as n of phonemes per syllable and n of syllables per clause) with non-metric variables such as the number of morphological cases and adposition order. The study of crosslinguistic patterns of variation results in a division of languages into two main groups, depending on their rhythmical structure. Syllable-timed rhythm, as opposed to stress-timed rhythm, is closely associated with a lower complexity of syllables and...
Cognitive Processes in composition
- Michele Biasutti; Università Di Padova; Piazza Capitaniato Padova
This paper analyzes the cognitive processes involved in musical composition. The cognitive research in the field of psychology of music considered primarily mental processes and functions involved in listening, while less interest was dedicated to music composition. In the linguistic field exists a remarkable literature on the production of written text. It was demonstrated that the production of written text involves different processes that are substantially different from those utilized in oral conversation. Writing, rather that an unique ability, can be considered as an articulated whole of abilities that are developed with a good degree of independence. Making reference to...
Linguistic Mythbusting: The Role of the Media in Diffusing Change.” Paper presented at NWAV 36
- Nathalie Dion; Shana Poplack
Minority status and linguistic isolation are said to constitute barriers to mainstream change (e.g.
Rodney.Nielsen, Wayne.Ward, James.Martin @ Colorado.edu
- Rodney D. Nielsen; Wayne Ward; James H. Martin
This paper analyzes the impact of several lexical and gram-matical features in automated assessment of students ’ fine-grained understanding of tutored concepts. Truly effective dialog and pedagogy in Intelligent Tutoring Systems is only achievable when systems are able to understand the detailed relationships between a student’s answer and the desired conceptual understanding. We describe a new method for recognizing whether a student’s response entails that they understand the concepts being taught. We discuss the need for a finer-grained analysis of answers and describe a new representation for reference answers that addresses these is-sues, breaking them into detailed facets and annotating...
Wotjak].Granada: Editorial Universidad de Granada. Review by Ángel Felices Lago (Universidad de Granada) The Functional-Lexematic Model: The Linguistic Legacy of Leocadio
- Martín Mingorance; Martín Mingorance
Martin Mingorance`s widow has published recently a book collecting the most influential articles of this eminent Spanish linguist, whose functional-lexematic model is considered now the key element to understand the organization of the lexicon in the functional grammar theory of Simon C. Dik and his followers. Leocadio Martin Mingorance was only 48 when he suddenly died in 1995. His premature death has probably deprived us of one of the most eminent Spanish linguists in the final part of the XX century. Although the consequences of this loss cannot be measured, he had enough time to leave us the foundations of...
A New Descriptive Catalogue of the Manuscripts of the Canterbury Tales
- Daniel Mosser
In this paper I propose a new catalogue=and a new kind of catalogue=of the manuscripts of the Canterbury Tales, to be published alongside the materials generated by the Canterbury Tales Project. At present, the closest approximation we have to a comprehensive, descriptive catalogue of the manuscripts of the Canterbury Tales is volume 1 of Manly and Rickert, currently out of print and woefully out of date. There are numerous deficiencies in the Manly and Rickert descriptions: inadequate palaeographical terminology1; inaccurate and misleading collations; a paucity of facsimile illustrations; out-of-date and sketchy linguistic analyses; and perhaps most important of all, the...
Investigating creative language: People's choice of words in the production of novel nounnoun compounds
- Fintan Costello
The production of novel noun-noun compounds is a prime example of everyday linguistic creativity. What cognitive processes guide people's choice of words when they make up a new noun-noun compound? An experiment examined people's production of noun-noun compounds as names for novel objects. The results showed that people's choice of words in these novel compounds was influenced by the diagnosticity of properties in those objects. By contrast, people's choice of words did not seem to be influenced by the communicative precision of the resulting compounds. These results suggest that, in constructing novel compounds, people are guided by conceptual representation rather...
- Courtney Cazden; Dennis Kwek; Barbara Comber
More and more classrooms today are linguistic contact zones. They are discourse spaces where the language that is the focus of instruction – in this case, English – co-exists with other languages imported in the minds of the students. Too often, even if
Semiotic aspects on the valuation and interpretation of the Camino de Santiago
- Antonio Álvarez
Abstract: The Camino de Santiago constitutes an exceptionally complex heritage site in which literary, linguistic, musical and aesthetic codes overlap simultaneously enhancing each others attributes. El Camino de Santiago has been shaped through material, natural and cultural elements (landscapes, buildings…) and both immaterial and intangible values (religion, beliefs, oral tradition, songs…). So, what is “this place’s ” spirit like? One could compared it to the anatomy of puff pastry, in which every layer has its texture, quality and raison d'être, and in which all of them together make sense and in unison give sense to the whole. We will show...
Bilingual Deaf Education in the South of Brazil
- Carlos Skliar; Ronice Muller Quadros
This paper presents an analysis of Bilingual Deaf Education in Brazil, with parti-cular reference to the South of the country. This subject is presented in context, and takes into account research carried out over the last 5–7 years. We consider the spread of bilingual=bicultural models, changes in the representation of Deaf people and Deafness and finally, the epistemological inversion of Deaf and Hearing ‘pro-blems ’ as present in the discussion related to Deaf Education in Brazil. The analyses of the experience in Brazil are not simple. In fact, the complexity is related to the dif-ferent possible readings that ‘Bilingual Deaf...
Exhibition & Community around the Queer Film Festival
- Ger Zielinski; Ph. D. (abd; Ger J. Z. Zielinski
investigates the phenomenon of lesbian and gay film festivals as they quickly constitute a transnational global network. 2 More specifically, I argue that the festivals echo, in ethos and structure, a tension found in the debates between proponents of the ethnic model of sexual identity and those of anti-essentialist queer theory (e.g. Gamson). To discuss lesbian and gay film festivals is a challenging linguistic task. There have been several distinct phases in their historical development that require some attention and reveal the cultural politics of their times. Not only have their names changed, but also the meaning of the words...
Multiple proximities between television genres and audiences
- Antonio C. La Pastina; Joseph D. Straubhaar
Abstract / How can a Mexican telenovela be more attractive to viewers in Brazil than a nationally produced telenovela? This seems to be the question posed by the increasing transnational flow of cultural products. Most of the data indicate that viewers prefer locally produced programs. Never-theless, some of the transnational success of Latin American telenovelas abroad seems to question this truism. This article argues that audience preferences are formed within the overall trend toward cultural proximity within both national and cultural-linguistic boundaries. However, within this logic of cultural proximity, other forces also apply. It is important to understand cultural proxim-ity...
CHASING THE LEARNING CURVE: CHALLENGES AND STRATEGIES OF ACADEMIC SUPPORT STAFF WHO WORK WITH INDIGENOUS TERTIARY STUDENTS IN OFF CAMPUS STUDY CENTRES IN REGIONAL SOUTH
- Sue Mills
Off campus study centres have played a crucial role in providing supportive learning environments for Indigenous students in regional centres throughout South Australia for over two decades. Many of these students have achieved university access via special entry procedures; they are of mature age and have cultural, community and family commitments that make moving to city campuses difficult. While the students undertake their programs via flexible learning, each study centre is to some extent a microcosm of the distant metropolitan university. Support staff work with students enrolled in an expanding range of programs to facilitate the development of academic and...
My main concern in this paper is with processes of enregisterment, processes through which a linguistic repertoire becomes differentiable within a language as a socially recognized register of forms. The empirical case on which I focus is a parti-cular phonolexical register of Standard British English, nowadays called Received
le ll f he rs Ja The nature of the representations maintained in verbal working memory is a topic of debate. Some authors argue for a modality-dependent code, tied to particular sensory or motor systems. Others argue for a modality–neutral code. Sign language aVords a unique perspective because it factors out the eVects of modality. In an fMRI experiment, deaf participants viewed and covertly rehearsed strings of non-sense signs; analyses focused on regions responsive in both sensory and rehearsal phases. Compared with previous Wndings in hearing subjects, deaf subjects showed a signiWcantly increased involvement of parietal regions. A lesion case...
Mapping Attitudes: The Role of Linguistic Experience and Ethnic Bias Towards “Parisian French”
- Christopher Stewart; Zsuzsanna Fagyal; Peter Golato
Linguistic ideology and linguistic experience have been shown to affect the perception and processing of dialectal variation in speech (Niedzielski 1999, Clopper & Pisoni 2006). Little is known, however, about the impact of other psychological factors on attitudes towards language variation. The influence of ethnic prejudice, for instance, has been asserted to give way to speech-based discrimination in American English (Purnell et al. 1999); yet, the incidence of ethnic bias on speech perception, and its possible interaction with linguistic experience, has yet to be tested. Recent studies indicate that Parisian French could provide a suitable test case for such effects...
MIRACLE Retrieval Experiments with East Asian Languages
- Julio Villena-román; José Miguel Goñi-menoyo; José C. González-cristóbal; José Luis Martínez-fernández
This paper describes the participation of MIRACLE in NTCIR 2005 CLIR task. Although our group has a strong background and long expertise in Computational Linguistics and Information Retrieval applied to European languages and using Latin and Cyrillic alphabets, this was our first attempt on East Asian languages. Our main goal was to study the particularities and distinctive characteristics of Japanese, Chinese and Korean, specially focusing on the similarities and differences with European languages, and carry out research on CLIR tasks which include those languages. The basic idea behind our participation in NTCIR is to test if the same familiar linguistic-based...