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Nomenclatura Unesco > (57) Lingüística

Mostrando recursos 141 - 160 de 48,936

141. Using machine learning to perform automatic term recognition - Jody Foo; Magnus Merkel
In this paper a machine learning approach is applied to Automatic Term Recognition (ATR). Similar approaches have been successfully used in Automatic Keyword Extraction (AKE). Using a dataset consisting of Swedish patent texts and validated terms belonging to these texts, unigrams and bigrams are extracted and annotated with linguistic and statistical feature values. Experiments using a varying ratio between positive and negative examples in the training data are conducted using the annotated n-grams. The results indicate that a machine learning approach is viable for ATR. Furthermore, a machine learning approach for bilingual ATR is discussed. Preliminary analysis however indicate that...

142. Aspect Interaction Analysis using Slicing and Graph based Semantics - Rishabh Shukla
Aspect Oriented language aims to make cross-cutting concerns clearly identifiable with special linguistic construct called aspects. In order to analyze the properties of an aspect one should consider the aspect itself and the part of the system it affects. This part is just a slice of the entire system and can be extracted by exploiting program slicing algorithms. However they will behave correctly in isolation, but when interaction changes an aspect’s behavior or disables and aspect, we will term it as aspect interference. We will propose an approach to detect aspect interference, Aspect composition are modeled by using graph production...

143. Philological Sciences Филологические науки “Linguistic and Rhetorical Picture of the World” of Collective Linguistic Personality as the Basic Discourse-universe of Ethnocultural and Educational Space � - Alexandra A. Vorozhbitova; Gaukhar I. Issina
The article substantiates and discloses the category of "Linguistic and rhetorical (LR) picture of the world", which is postulated as a universal of discursive level. Its principles of rhetorical hierarchization of value judgments, generated from linguistic units at different levels, forms the basic discourse-universe of ethnocultural and educational space in which a collective linguistic identity of a particular ethnic group operates and develops. In the process of intercultural communication the overlap of LR pictures of the world of all languages ‘ representatives occurs; the understanding takes place on the basis of integrated essential features, universal core of value hierarchy (achieving...

144. Performance Analysis of Dynamic Wireless Sensor Networks using Linguistic Fuzzy - Zainab Hassan Fakhri
Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are becoming very popular due to their large use in many of applications such as monitoring and collecting data from undisturbed dangerous environments. But the nodes in a sensor network are severely affected by energy. Reducing energy consumption of nodes to increase the network lifetime is considered as a most important challenge, so this paper will simulate the Linguistic Fuzzy Trust Model (LFTM) over dynamic Wireless Sensor Networks to save energy and shows the effect of dynamics in the performance of the model. A comparison in terms of the selection percentage of trustworthy servers (the accuracy...

145. Some Aggregation Operators with Intuitionistic Trapezoid Fuzzy Linguistic Information and their Applications to Multi-Attribute Group Decision Making - Yanbing Ju; Shanghong Yang; Aihua Wang
Abstract: We study the multi-attribute group decision making (MAGDM) problems in which the attribute values provided by the decision makers take the form of intuitionistic trapezoid fuzzy linguistic (ITrFL) information considering the uncertainty and inaccuracy of input arguments. Some new aggregation operators called intuitionistic trapezoid fuzzy linguistic weighted average (ITrFLWA), intuitionistic trapezoid fuzzy linguistic ordered weighted average (ITrFLOWA) and intuitionistic trapezoid fuzzy linguistic hybrid weighted average (ITrFLHWA) operators are proposed at first. Then, we study some desirable properties of the proposed operators, such as monotonicity, idempotency, commutativity and boundedness. Next, two novel approaches based on the proposed operators are developed...

146. Supporting Organizations: Linguistic Society of Taiwan (LST) Association for Computational Linguistics and Chinese Language Processing (ACLCLP)
On behalf of ILAS, a co-host of this conference with National Chengchi University, I would like to welcome you all to the 27th Pacific Asia Conference on Language, Information and Computation (PACLIC27). The PACLIC conference has a long history,dating back to 1982 where the first conference of this series was organized with the original name “Korea-Japan Joint Conference on Formal Linguistics”. It was the consensus of the organizer of the 1994

147. Proceedings of the Seventh International AAAI Conference on Weblogs and Social Media Properties, Prediction, and Prevalence of Useful User-Generated Comments for Descriptive Annotation of Social Media Objects - Elaheh Momeni; Claire Cardie; Myle Ott
User-generated comments in online social media have recently been gaining increasing attention as a viable source of general-purpose descriptive annotations for digital objects like photos or videos. Because users have different levels of expertise, however, the quality of their comments can vary from very useful to entirely useless. Our aim is to provide automated support for the curation of useful user-generated comments from public collections of digital objects. After constructing a crowd-sourced gold standard of USEFUL and NOT USEFUL comments, we use standard machine learning methods to develop a “usefulness ” classifier, exploring the impact of surface-level, syntactic, semantic, and...

148. OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF - Natalie Jean-keiser Baloy
Aboriginal language revitalization is complex and challenging. Sixteen research participants talked with me about competing priorities for urban Aboriginal individuals and families, the linguistic diversity of the British Columbia First Nations, and how demographic urbanization of Aboriginal peoples intersects with movements of language revitalization. The resulting analysis highlights some emerging language ideologies connected to urban Aboriginal language use and learning. Language ideologies have been defined as “the cultural system of ideas about social and linguistic relationships, together with their loading of moral and political interests ” (Irvine, cited in Kroskrity 2000:5). By identifying some commonalities in research participants ’ attitudes...

149. INDUSTRY: A COMMUNICATION INVESTIGATION - Michael David Wright; Michael David Wright
is an investigation of recent technology diffusion within the beef industry. Specifically, my goal was to examine recent debate surrounding the proposed National Animal Identification System and its accompanying technology from the perspective of livestock market owners and their customers. What follows was designed as an ethnographic investigation into the technological needs and concerns facing livestock market owners and their customers. My investigation was supported by theories of technology diffusion, communication networks, communication theory, and linguistic theory. I wish to thank Dr. Thomas L. Warren for his unending patience during this process and for his years of support during completion...

150. LYNN ROBINSON find it satisfactory and recommend that it be accepted. - Jennifer Lynn Robinson; Mary F. Roe; Ph. D; Joy Egbert Ph. D; Tom Salsbury Ph. D; Chair Mary; F. Roe
An endeavor such as this one often requires the support, guidance, and assistance of many people. First and foremost I must acknowledge and thank Mary Roe for her incredible level of patience and vast amounts of guidance. I am indebted to her probing questions that kept me thinking. Next, the school district, middle school, teacher, parent, and students were invaluable. Without them, I would not have had the voices, which make this piece more powerful, to share. Next, I must acknowledge my husband, Russ. Russ helped to make this possible through the many, many times he took over other duties...

151. Terminologia jurídico-policial : proposta de elaboração de um glossário eletrônico - Costa, Maria Izabel Plath da
Esta tese tem como objetivo geral elaborar a base de um protótipo de glossário eletrônico jurídico-policial. Para tanto, propõe os seguintes objetivos específicos: identificar os usuários do glossário e suas especificidades; estabelecer uma metodologia para identificação, coleta, seleção e validação dos termos jurídico-policiais utilizados nos Boletins de Ocorrência (BOs); estabelecer as características macro e microestruturais do glossário, com base na aplicabilidade da ferramenta nos sistemas informatizados de dados policiais. A criação do glossário se justifica pela necessidade de registrar e organizar a terminologia jurídico-policial, que até o momento não foi estudada, em razão da estigmatização da atividade-fim da Polícia, que...

152. Do testemunho de uma experiência na linguagem para uma reflexão enunciativa sobre o fazer linguístico implicado em aprender e ensinar português como língua adicional - Farias, Bruna Sommer
Esta dissertação tem como escopo de análise a enunciação que ocorre em sala de aula de português como língua adicional. A configuração do corpus se dá em forma de um testemunho dado pela pesquisadora, que se colocou como observadora em uma sala de aula da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, onde alunos, falantes de espanhol, matriculados no curso Básico para Falantes de Espanhol do Programa de Português para Estrangeiros da universidade supracitada, tiveram aulas de português com uma professora brasileira. A noção de testemunho aqui apresentada inspira-se em Giorgio Agamben (2005; 2008) e leva em conta o conceito...

153. Processos de territorialização de variedades dialetais do italiano como línguas de imigração no nordeste do Rio Grande do Sul - Pinheiro, Luciana Santos
A presente pesquisa contribui com os estudos de plurilinguismo e contatos linguísticos, enfocando as relações entre língua e espaço pluridimensional. Seu tema são os processos de territorialização do italiano como língua de imigração na Região de Colonização Italiana no Nordeste do Rio Grande do Sul (RCI). Com base em um corpus organizado e disponibilizado por Frosi & Mioranza (1975; 1983), e complementado por dados de acervos diversos, pretende-se 1) mapear a diversidade dialetal dos imigrantes italianos que colonizaram a RCI, reconstruindo desta forma o estado de multilinguismo que provavelmente configurou a situação original da fase de bilinguismo italiano-português, e 2)...

154. Variação e contatos linguísticos do vestfaliano rio-grandense falado no Vale do Taquari - Horst, Aline
A presente Dissertação apresenta as etapas e os resultados de uma pesquisa que objetiva descrever os processos envolvidos na variação e constituição da língua brasileira de imigração alemã vestfaliano (We, também conhecida como sapato-de-pau, Plattdüütsch), identificando aspectos de sua configuração linguística e as territorialidades de uso e manutenção dessa língua em um contexto de plurilinguismo e de contato com variedades do português (Pt) e do alemão (Dt - Deutsch), sobretudo do Hunsrückisch (Hrs), alemão-standard (StDt, Standarddeutsch) e Hochdeutsch local (Hdt), no Vale do Taquari, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Trata-se de uma área linguística bem delimitada que engloba as localidades...

155. Ações de promoção da pluralidade linguística em contextos escolares - Broch, Ingrid Kuchenbecker
Esta tese investiga como se articulam os espaços da diversidade linguística (DL) em contextos escolares, tomando por base a análise de ações de promoção da pluralidade linguística. O termo pluralidade linguística (PL), ou plurilinguismo, é utilizado aqui para designar as competências do indivíduo em mais de uma língua, incluindo uma “postura linguística plural” (ALTENHOFEN & BROCH, 2011, p. 17), em contraposição à diversidade linguística, que representa a “coexistência de línguas diferentes, na sociedade”. Este estudo parte do pressuposto de que não constitui finalidade de uma educação básica “afunilar”, por assim dizer, a escolha por uma determinada língua, e sim “abrir...

156. Do ideal ao possível : The Crazy Car Story : um relato interpretativo de um projeto em língua inglesa na educação infantil - Selbach, Helena Vitalina
Apresente pesquisa está inserida no contexto de ensino-aprendizagem de Língua Inglesa na Educação Infantil e vincula-se à área de Linguística Aplicada; apresenta o relato interpretativo da construção do projeto didático The crazy car story no nível quatro (com alunos de quatro e cinco anos de idade) de uma turma de Educação Infantil em uma escola regular de ensino privado da região central de Porto Alegre/RS. O projeto The crazy car story foi inspirado nas diretrizes propostas pelos Referenciais Curriculares do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul (RIO GRANDE DO SUL, 2009) e almejou integrar características da pedagogia de projetos Freire...

157. Lingúística computacional aplicada a la investigación educativa: un enfoque matemático de la enseñanza de vocabulario en lengua inglesa para hispanohablantes - Cembreros Castaño, Diana

158. MIXED CATEGORIES IN JAPANESE Committee: - Hitoshi Horiuchi; Stephen Wechsler Supervisor; Carlota S. Smith; Jonas Kuhn; Megan Crowhurst
Thanks to the many people, who enable me to complete this dissertation. Above all, I wish to thank Professor Stephen Wechsler whose help was most instrumental. My interest in the dissertation topic (mixed categories) and framework (LFG), was inspired by a series of his courses, including his introduction to LFG, his seminar on complex predicates, his introduction to HPSG, and his joint seminar (with Professor Carlota Smith) on event structure and aspect. I could not have developed the formal implementation in this dissertation without his great help. Through the experience of working with him, I learned the importance of crystal...

159. $rec.titulo
Individuals with aphasia (IAs) with differing classification categories may have linguistic processing profiles which can be described, at least to some extent, by differential performance for different information types (phonological, semantic, and structural/syntactic). For example, individuals with Wernicke’s aphasia or damage to posterior regions have been described as

160. Individual differences in adult second language learning: - A Cognitive Perspective
Abstract: What makes some people more successful language learners than others? Scholars and practitioners of adult second language learning traditionally have cast the issue of individual differences in terms of such constructs as aptitude, motivation, learning strategies, learning styles, meta-linguistic awareness, and personality traits (e.g., extraversion), as well as a range of other social and affective variables (Ehrman, Leaver & Oxford, 2003). These are complex constructs that often lack a clear description of the underlying mechanisms. In this short overview we will take a cognitive perspective and link individual differences in adult L2 learning to individual differences in cognitive abilities....

 

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