Mostrando recursos 141 - 160 de 3.566

  1. On the Syntax of Direct Quotation in French

    Bonami, Olivier; Godard, Danièle
    Direct quotation raises three major problems for grammatical modelling: (i) the variety of quoted material (which can be a non linguistic behavior, or a sign in a different language), (ii) the embedding of an utterance inside another one, (iii) a special denotation, the content of the quotation being the utterance itself. We propose a unary rule, which turns the quoted material into a linguistic sign whose content is itself a behavior, which entertains a resemblance relation to the behavior demonstrated by the speaker. Syntactically, direct quotation comes in two varieties: it can be the complement of a quotative verb, or...

  2. On the Cross-Linguistic Variation of 'One-Step Past-Referring' Tenses

    Schaden, Gerhard
    This paper proposes a new look at the so-called 'present-perfect puzzle'. It suggests that it is in fact part of a bigger problem, concerning all tenses in a language situating an event one step before the moment of utterance. I argue that present perfects compete with simple past tenses, and that the distribution of these tenses shows signs of the impact of this competition. The outcome of the competition is argued to be heavily dependent on which of the two tense-forms is the default. A pragmatic theory is proposed which accounts for the reduced distribution of the present perfect in...

  3. Syntactic Representation of Tense, a cross-linguistic perspective

    Rus, Amélia

  4. Formally Encoding Morphomicity

    Walther, Géraldine

    Communication au colloque de la la Linguistic Association of Great-Britain (LAGB 2011). 7-10 septembre 2011. Manchester, Royaume-Uni

  5. ELAN analisi multimodalerako lanabesa

    Salaberria, Jasone
    ELAN, es el acrónimo de EUDICO Linguistic ANnotator. EUDICO -EUropean DIstributed COrpora- es un proyecto del Instituto de Psicolingüística Max Planck de Nijmegen -Holanda-. Siendo sus autores Hennie Brugman y Albert Russel. Esta herramienta ha sido creada para análisis multimodales, para etiquetados complejos a partir de recursos audio-visuales. El contenido escrito lo guarda en Unicode y la transcripción en formato XML. Además, ELAN utiliza los lectores de archivo audio y/o video de los softwares existentes, como Windows Media Player, QuickTime ou JMF (Java Media Framework). En consecuencia, ELAN soporta una extensa variedad de formatos audio y video. Este programa está...

  6. Constructing "basic" verbal constructions: a longitudinal study of the blossoming of constructions with six frequent verbs

    Morgenstern, Aliyah; Parisse, Christophe
    In the course of their development, children make their way along successive transitory systems with their own internal coherence. This phenomenon can be observed at all levels of linguistic analysis but the gradual assembling of verbal constructions in language development is of particular interest for linguistic theory. In this study, the development of verb constructions in young French speaking children is analyzed by focusing on spontaneous language data from three children (Leonard, Madeleine, Théophile) age 1;06 up to 3;06. The focus of the work is on six specific verbs which are quite frequent in young child speech (all children produced...

  7. Имя собственное и языковой перенос: апеллятивные производные античных имен собственных в словаре Trésor de la Langue Française [Proper Name and Linguistic Transfer: Appellative Derivatives of Ancient Proper Names in the Trésor de la Langue Française]

    Leroy, Sarah; Dupraz, Emmanuel

  8. A linguistic interpretation of affirmative or negative information in declarative modeling in image analysis

    Pacholczyk, Daniel; Desmontils, Emmanuel
    International audience

  9. Basque spatial cases and the ergative-absolutive synchretism

    Etxepare, Rikardo
    I would like to thank the organizers of the 3rd Congress of the Koldo Mitxelena Chair for inviting me to present this work. I would like to thank on a more personal basis Joseba Lakarra and Julen Manterola, whose sound objections I was not able to appropriately adress here. I also thank the members of the linguistic seminar of Iker, and the audience of the 22nd Colloquium on Generative Grammar at the Universitat autonoma de Barcelona for their questions and very useful comments.

  10. Topographic Subtyping of Place Named Entities: a linguistic approach

    Nguyen Van, Tien; Gaio, Mauro; Moncla, Ludovic
    International audience

  11. Prácticas mediáticas de las comunidades indígenas diaguitas: expresiones de un movimiento de afirmación identitaria

    Toulemont, Herlène
    Este trabajo propone explorar las prácticas de comunicación de las comunidades indígenas de la etnia diaguita, ubicadas en el noroeste argentino. A través del uso de distintos medios de comunicación, las comunidades indígenas producen y difunden mensajes reivindicatorios de su identidad. Intentaremos determinar cómo la afirmación de esa identidad colectiva se expresa no sólo en las estrategias discursivas, sino también mediante el uso creativo de los artefactos técnicos de comunicación. Entenderemos las prácticas mediáticas a partir de un acercamiento comunicacional desde la sociopolítica de los usos y la sociología de los usos de los TICs, lo que significa considerar el...

  12. Improving human-agent communication using linguistic and ontological cues

    Barthès, Jean-Paul
    International audience

  13. Computer-mediated communication in TEI: What lies ahead

    Beißwenger, Michael; Chanier, Thierry; Chiari, Isabella; Ermakova, Maria; Van Gompel, Maarten; Hendrickx, Iris; Herold, Axel; Van Den Heuvel, Henk; Lemnitzer, Lothar; Storrer, Angelika
    The social web has brought forth various genres of interpersonal communication (computer-mediated communication, henceforth: cmc) such as chats, discussion forums, wiki talk pages, Twitter, comment and discussion threads on weblogs and social network sites. These genres display linguistic and structural peculiarities which differ both from speech and from written text. Projects that want to build and exchange cmc corpora would greatly benefit from a standard that allows the user to annotate these peculiarities in TEI. From the perspective of several corpus projects which aim at building and annotating cmc corpora for several European languages, this panel will discuss how the...

  14. The three partners of language planning and the revitalization of the Basque language in the Northern Basque Country

    Coyos, Jean-Baptiste
    This paper deals with the current situation of the Basque language and the policy implemented in its favor in the Northern Basque Country or French Basque Country. One of the aims is to show the limits of the public linguistic policy implemented, for the first time, by the authorities. If the commitment of the associations of support for the language is important, that of society as a whole is less, even if the latter becomes gradually more favorable. From a general point of view, we can say that three partners or protagonists are involved in the process of recovery or...

  15. Applying data-driven learning to the web

    Boulton, Alex
    Data-driven learning typically involves the use of dedicated concordancers to explore linguistic corpora, which may require significant training if the technology is not to be an obstacle for teacher and learner alike. One possibility is to begin not with corpus or concordancer, but to find parallels with what 'ordinary' users already do. This paper compares the web to a corpus, regular search engines to concordancers, and the techniques used in web searches to data-driven learning. It also examines previous studies which exploit web searches in ways not incompatible with a DDL approach.

  16. Defining Quality-measurable Medical Alerts from Incomplete Data through Fuzzy Linguistic Variables and Modifiers

    Arantes, W.,; Verdier, Christine
    International audience

  17. Software Languages: The Linguistic Continuum (Invited talk)

    Favre, Jean-Marie
    International audience

  18. Modeling the Linguistic Architecture of Software Products

    Favre, Jean-Marie; Lammel, Ralf; Varanovich, Andrei
    International audience

  19. Hierarchical NN compounds in a cross-linguistic perspective

    Arcodia, Giorgio Francesco; Grandi, Nicola; Montermini, Fabio
    International audience

  20. Leitura crítica da gramática da língua portuguesa : visão lingüístico-ideológica

    Ferreira, Maria Cristina Leandro
    Exame das diversas acepções da Gramática, considerando fases e tipos, e revisão do conceito de norma com vistas à determinação de uma perspectiva lingüítica. As características gerais das Gramáticas Escolares da Língua Portuguesa, levantadas em manuais selecionados, e as relações disso tudo com a ideologia dominante. Proposição de elementos para uma possível mudança do modelo gramatical vigente.

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