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Nomenclatura Unesco > (57) Lingüística

Mostrando recursos 161 - 180 de 52,757

161. Manifestaciones de la cortesía en la novela “tragicomedia de burócratas” de César Rivas Lara - Cuesta Mosquera, Ruth Aleida

162. Estudio fraseológico del uso de colocaciones gramaticales y grupos léxicos en textos argumentativos nativos y no nativos: análisis de corpus de estudiantes - Rica Peromingo, Juan Pedro / JPRP
Estudio sobre unidades fraseológicas (colocaciones gramaticales y grupos léxicos) desarrollado dentro de los estudios funcionales o contrastivos de la metodología de la lingüística de corpus, de la fraseología y del ámbito de la enseñanza de la destreza de la escritura en inglés como lengua extranjera en un contexto universitario.

163. The life and growth of language; an outline of linguistic science. - Whitney, William Dwight, 1827-1894.
Mode of access: Internet.

164. Predicting code-switching in multilingual communication for immigrant communities - Papalexakis, Evangelos E.; Nguyen, Dong; Doğruöz, A. Seza
Immigrant communities host multilingual speakers who switch across languages and cultures in their daily communication practices. Although there are in-depth linguistic descriptions of code-switching across different multilingual communication settings, there is a need for automatic prediction of code-switching in large datasets. We use emoticons and multi-word expressions as novel features to predict code-switching in a large online discussion forum for the Turkish-Dutch immigrant community in the Netherlands. Our results indicate that multi-word expressions are powerful features to predict code-switching.

165. Mapping the patterns of maintenance versus merger in bilingual phonology: The preservation of [a] vs. [A] in Frenchville French - Barbara E. Bullock; Amanda Dalola; Chip Gerfen
Much of the research on languages undergoing attrition in bilingual contexts documents the transfer of phonological properties from the dominant language to the receding language, but neglects to analyze areas of the phonology that are inexplicably unaffected by contact. We believe that this preferential focus on interference phenomena has skewed the vision of phonology in attrition toward a view where attrition necessarily entails a loss of structural attributes. Essentially, extant theories of bilingual phonology predict that interference, what we call convergence, occurs mainly in the context of low-level phonetic variation (Weinreich 1970, Andersen 1982). This reduces the linguistic effects of...

166. Assessment Methods: 1 Assessing assessment methods - Ptlc J. Szpyra-kozłowska; J. Frankiewicz; M. Nowacka; L. Stadnicka; Jolanta Szpyra-kozłowska; Justyna Frankiewicz; Marta Nowacka; Lidia Stadnicka
Teaching another language is inevitably tied with testing. Teachers have to assess the learners ’ linguistic ability, their progress and achievements. In this respect pronunciation is no different from other language skills; if we regard it as an important element of communicative competence which deserves a place in language instruction, we should also be able to evaluate the process of teaching/learning it as well as its outcome. Yet, as pointed out by Celce-Murcia et al. (1996: 341), ‘in the existing literature on teaching pronunciation, little attention is paid to issues of testing and evaluation. ’ The major reason for this...

167. Degrees of Text Understanding - Karin Haenelt
Textually closed and open uses of linguistic constructions and their effect on comprehensibility and interpretation variations of texts

168. New Lexical Entries for Unknown Words - James Kilbury; Petra Naerger; Ingrid Renz
The following paper presents an approach for simulating the acquisition of new lexical entries for unknown words, an issue that is central to natural language processing since no lexicon can ever be complete. Acquisition involves two main tasks. First, the appropriate information about an unknown word in a given linguistic context (i.e. sentence) is identified. It is shown that this task requires new general considerations about shared information in unification-based representations. Second, the collected information is formulated in a new lexical entry according to a comprehensive theory of the lexicon which defines the form of lexical entries and the relations...

This paper examines linguistic features of text-based computer-mediated communication (CMC) in Hong Kong. The study is based on a 70,000-word corpus of electronic mail (email) and ICQ instant messaging texts, which was mainly collected from a group of youngsters in Hong Kong. A questionnaire survey was also carried out to complement the textual findings. Some language-specific features are identified, which include Cantonese-based shortenings, common grammatical ‘errors ’ such as inappropriate verb forms and lexical choice, subject omission, code-mixing, and creative orthographic representations of Cantonese. In addition, significant differences are found between email and ICQ texts in terms of the distribution...

170. Tulane University - Melinda J. Milligan; Kevin Fox Gotham; James R. Elliott
structural and interpretive political opportunities to actors competing to frame the trans-formation of public housing. As a structural opportunity, HOPE VI alters public-housing debates by enhancing the possibilities for political action by economic elites in compe-tition with other actors. As an interpretive opportunity, HOPE VI’s explicit embrace of New Urbanism supplies a novel and strategic vocabulary that actors can attempt to use to influence policy, alter political alignments, and raise the public profile and salience of particular issues. Although each of the participants we discuss wielded the linguistic tools of New Urbanism, the developer (HRI) was able to selectively deploy...

171. Author's personal copy Minimization of dependency length in written - English Q; David Temperley

172. Brief article Re-evaluating evidence for linguistic relativity: Reply to Boroditsky (2001) q - David January A; Edward Kako B
Six unsuccessful attempts at replicating a key finding in the linguistic relativity literature [Boroditsky, L. (2001). Does language shape thought?: Mandarin and English speakers ’ con-ceptions of time. Cognitive Psychology, 43, 1–22] are reported. In addition to these empirical issues in replicating the original finding, theoretical issues present in the original report are dis-cussed. In sum, we conclude that Boroditsky (2001) provides no support for the Whorfian hypothesis.! 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

173. Adjectival Intensification in English and Bulgarian - Maryana Mitseva
The present paper attempts to list the major devices for adjectival1 intensification as found in original English and American fictional texts and their Bulgarian counterparts. Intensity here is understood in a broad sense as a quantitative realization of expressivity (see Yakimova 2000: 153), a scale registering a person’s emotional response to the state-of-affairs. Given this theoretical premise then, it is the securing of the pragmatic impact on the Bulgarian reader that will be of paramount importance, since it is pragmatic meaning that deals with the relationship between the linguistic sign and its user: speaker/hearer, writer/reader (see Barhudarov, 1975). The most...

In this paper I will explore the assumption that Scotland is the exception to the rule linking culture and nationalism, and in particular, that it is something of a deviant case. I will also take issue with the conventional wisdom that national identity and economic development are unconnected, except that the value of arts and culture lies in their economic pay-off, narrowly defined. Finally, I will examine cultural politics in Scotland since Home Rule in 1999. Culture and the Nation At the risk of oversimplifying, the conventional wisdom might be taken as follows: that distinctive national culture drives national identity,...

This paper addresses the issue of how language technology resources and components can be applied in ontology-based querying. In particular, it presents the approach to text and query analysis adopted in the Danish research project OntoQuery, where shallow syntactic analysis and ontology-based parsing are combined in order to identify nominal phrases (NPs) and assign them a semantic description. Semantic descriptions are used by the search engine to match queries against texts in a database, and a ranking of the texts retrieved is produced based on a domain ontology. This is intended to be a general methodology applicable to texts from...

176. NEUROBIOLOGY OF SPEAKING AND STUTTERING - Nyborgneu Completed; Karl Theodor Kalveram
ABSTRACT. A multi-level model of speech motor control including the word, syllable and phonem level is proposed, which takes into account linguistic, technical, biological, physiological and developmental aspects. Crucial point is the double function of the vowel onset, which serves to control vowel length and also to synchronize the serialization of words into temporal strings of syllables. In (long) stressed syllables this is done via auditory feedback (re-afferent control), while the utterance of unstressed syllables is automatized using internal signals (efferent control). Young children's problem when crossing from infantil to adultlike speech is to learn to inhibit re-afferent and to...

177. Metaphorical Expressions about Houses - In Japanese; Nobuaki Yamada
This paper is based on two crucial assumptions. First, human-beings in general have a metaphorical way of thinking. The assumption has been clearly stated by Johnson when he defines metaphor as "a pervasive mode of understanding by which we project patterns from one domain of experience in order to structure another domain of a different kind. So conceived, metaphor is not merely a linguistic mode of expression; rather it is one of the chief cognitive structures by which we are able to have coherent, ordered experiences that we can reason about and make sense of. Through metaphor, we understanding. "...

178. On some control structures in Hellenistic Greek: A comparison with Classical and Modern Greek. Linguistic Discovery 1.1 - Brian D. Joseph
complementation while in Modern Greek, finite complementation is the rule. Hellenistic Greek provides an interesting "way-station " between these two types of complementation, inasmuch as it is both chronologically and structurally transitional. In this contribution to the historical syntax of Greek, an analysis is offered of control structures in Hellenistic Greek, tracing the transition from the Ancient Greek type to the Modern Greek type. Based on the evidence of these three stages of Greek and the developments that the language shows with regard to innovations in the form and properties of control structures, an argument is put forth in support...

179. Reading faces: Investigating the use of a novel face-based orthography in acquired alexia - Moore, Michelle W.; Brendel, Paul C.; Fiez, Julie A.
Skilled visual word recognition is thought to rely upon a particular region within the left fusiform gyrus, the visual word form area (VWFA). We investigated whether an individual (AA1) with pure alexia resulting from acquired damage to the VWFA territory could learn an alphabetic “FaceFont” orthography, in which faces rather than typical letter-like units are used to represent phonemes. FaceFont was designed to distinguish between perceptual versus phonological influences on the VWFA. AA1 was unable to learn more than five face-phoneme mappings, performing well below that of controls. AA1 succeeded, however, in learning and using a proto-syllabary comprising 15 face-syllable...

180. Three treatments for bilingual children with primary language impairment: Examining cross-linguistic and cross-domain effects - Ebert, Kerry Danahy; Kohnert, Kathryn; Pham, Giang; Disher, Jill Rentmeester; Payesteh, Bita


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