Addis Ababa University,
- Netsanet Jote; Birhanu Beshah; Daniel Kitaw; Ajith Abraham
Abstract — Micro and Small Enterprises ’ (MSEs) cluster is a group of small firms operating in a defined geographic location, producing similar products or services, cooperating and competing with one another, learning from each other to solve internal problems, setting common strategies to overcome external challenges, and reaching distance markets through developed networks. During recent years, identifying MSEs cluster has become a key strategic decision. However, the nature of these decisions is usually complex and involves conflicting criteria. The aim of this paper is to develop an AHP-based MSEs cluster identification model. As a result, quantitative and qualitative factors...
- Remy Sheena Mathew; B. Sc; Remy Sheena Mathew
Visual predictors for poor mobility performance in people with AMD ii Originality statement ‘I hereby declare that this submission is my own work and to the best of my knowledge it contains no materials previously published or written by another person, or substantial proportions of material which have been accepted for the award of any other degree or diploma at UNSW or any other educational institution, except where due acknowledgement is made in the thesis. Any contribution made to the research by others, with whom I have worked at UNSW or elsewhere, is explicitly acknowledged in the thesis. I also...
- Alexander Künzli (ed; Kirsten Adamzik; Eva Roos (hg; Heather Murray (ed; Rita Francheschini; Britta Hufeisen; Thomas Studer; Günther Schneider (hrsg; Eva Lia Wyss (hg
da linguistica applitgada
Resource Metadata Database: Corpus Construction Using Academic Articles
- Shunsuke Kozawa; Hitomi Tohyama; Kiyotaka Uchimoto; Shigeki Matsubara
Recently, language resources have become indis-pensable for linguistic researches. However, existing language resources are seldom fully utilized because their variety of usage is not well known, indicating that their intrinsic value is not recognized very well either. Regarding this issue, lists of usage informa-tion might improve language resource searches and lead to their efficient use. In this research, therefore, we collect a list of usage information for each language resource from academic articles to promote the effi-cient utilization of language resources. This paper describes the construction of a text corpus annotated with usage information (UI corpus). In particular, we automatically...
A key challenge for theories of language evolution is to explain why language is the way it is and how it came to be that way. It is clear that how we learn and use language is governed by genetic constraints. However, the nature of these innate constraints has been the subject of much debate. Although many accounts of language evolution have emphasized the importance of biological adaptations specific to language, we discuss evidence from computer simulations pointing to strong restrictions on such adaptations. Instead, we argue that processes of cultural evolution have been the primary factor affecting the evolution...
A Dempster-Shafer Theoretic Conditional Approach to Evidence Updating for Fusion of Hard and Soft Data
- Kamal Premaratne; Manohar N. Murthi; Jinsong Zhang; Matthias Scheutz; Peter H. Bauer
Abstract – Fusion of hard data with soft data is an issue that has attracted recent attention. An effective fusion strat-egy requires an analytical framework that can capture the uncertainty inherent in hard and soft data. For instance, computational linguistic parsing of text-based data gener-ates logical propositions that inherently possess significant semantic ambiguity. An effective fusion framework must ex-ploit the respective advantages of hard and soft data while mitigating their particular weaknesses. In this paper, we describe a Dempster-Shafer theoretic approach to hard and soft data fusion that relies upon the novel conditional ap-proach to updating. The conditional approach engenders...
M.: Computational Models of Inductive Reasoning and Their Psychological Examination: Towards an Induction-Based Search-Engine
- Kayo Sakamoto; Asuka Terai; Masanori Nakagawa
The purpose of the present study is to propose computational models of human inductive reasoning, using a statistical analysis of Japanese linguistic data, and to develop a search-engine based on inductive reasoning. Osherson, et al. (1990) provided a psychological model of inductive reasoning based on the similarity between the premise and the conclusion and on knowledge of the category including the premise and the conclusion. Models of this kind are known as category-based models. In contrast, Sloman (1993) proposed a model where the inductive reasoning is based only on the features of arguments (the feature-based model). These models were constructed...
Original Papers Thirty-Five Years of Research on Neuro-Linguistic Programming. NLP Research Data Base. State of the Art or Pseudoscientific Decoration?
- Tomasz Witkowski
The huge popularity of Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) therapies and training has not been accompanied by knowledge of the empirical underpinnings of the concept. The article presents the concept of NLP in the light of empirical research in the Neuro-Linguistic Programming Research Data Base. From among 315 articles the author selected 63 studies published in journals from the Master Journal List of ISI. Out of 33 studies, 18.2 % show results supporting the tenets of NLP, 54.5 %- results non-supportive of the NLP tenets and 27.3 % brings uncertain results. The qualitative analysis indicates the greater weight of the non-supportive studies...
IJES UNIVERSITY OF MURCIA www.um.es/ijes Corpus Linguistics, Network Analysis and Co-occurrence Matrices
- English Studies; Keith Stuart; Ana Botella; Universidad Politécnica; De Valencia
This article describes research undertaken in order to design a methodology for the reticular representation of knowledge of a specific discourse community. To achieve this goal, a representative corpus of the scientific production of the members of this discourse community (Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, UPV) was created. The article presents the practical analysis (frequency, keyword, collocation and cluster analysis) that was carried out in the initial phases of the study aimed at establishing the theoretical and practical background and framework for our matrix and network analysis of the scientific discourse of the UPV. In the methodology section, the processes that...
entitled, A Content Analysis of the Counseling Sessions of Dyads with Breast and Prostate Cancer: Linguistic Predictors of Psychosocial Adjustment and Thematic Analysis of Key Concerns
- Sybilla M. Dorros; Sybilla M. Dorros; Chris Segrin; Terry Badger; Matthias Mehl
Harwood Final approval and acceptance of this dissertation is contingent upon the candidate’s submission of the final copies of the dissertation to the Graduate College. I hereby certify that I have read this dissertation prepared under my direction and recommend that it be accepted as fulfilling the dissertation requirement.
The Semantics-Pragmatics Distinction: What It Is and Why It Matters
- Reformatted Nguyên; Minh Tâm; Kent Bach; Reformatted Nguyên; Minh Tâm
The distinction between semantics and pragmatics is easier to apply than to explain. Explaining it is complicated by the fact that many conflicting formulations have been proposed over the past sixty years. This might suggest that there is no one way of drawing the distinction and that how to draw it is merely a terminological question, a matter of arbitrary stipulation. In my view, though, these diverse formulations, despite their conflicts, all shed light on the distinction as it is commonly applied, in both linguistics and philosophy. Although it is generally clear what is at issue when people apply the...
- Carlo Semenza; Sara Mondini
Neuropsychology of compound words The rationale for studying cognitive tasks via neuropsychological methods and observations is grounded in the fact that brain damage offers a unique opportunity to observe the working of particular psychological processes in isolation from other processes. The undisturbed flow of normal performance makes the components of a complex cognitive process opaque to external scrutiny. In experimental psychology a special repertory of techniques and standardized methods of observation is normally used to overcome this problem. However, in many cases, neuropsychology has, the non-negligible advantage over experimental psychology of obtaining effects of a considerably greater order of magnitude....
Semantics Without Meanings? Sellars ian "Patterned Governed Behavior " and the Space of Meaningfulness
- Jaroslav Peregrin
Abstract: While the traditional view was that in order to understand language and our linguistic practices we must explain meaning, the 'pragmatic turn' emerging within the writings of various philosohpers of the second half of the twentieth century caused a basic change of the perspective: the tendency is to concentrate directly on explaining the linguistic practices and leave the need for e)""Plaining meaning to emerge (or, as the case may be, not to emerge) subsequently. I argue that after this turn we should explai.n the peculiar kinds of'meaningfulness ' that characterizes our expressions in terms of what Sellars called "pattern...
Teaching Machine Translation in non Computer Science Subjects: Report of An Educational Experience within the University of Orleans
- Viviane Clavier; Céline Poudat
Machine Translation is increasingly being taught within non scientific subject areas at French universities, which involves instructors solving educational and scientific problems caused by the lack of training of these students in computer science. Most of these students are being taught MT within the framework of language and linguistic courses. As MT instructors in both Departments of Foreign Language and Linguistics at Orléans, we will report on our experience of teaching. Besides setting up the technological environment, we also had to consider the courses from two different angles. First of all, we can state that MT tools enable future users...
The syntactic role of discourse-related features∗
- Silvio Cruschina
This paper focuses on the syntactic role of the features related to discourse and information structure. I argue that discourse-related features are encoded in syntax, projecting their own phrase structure, and are fundamental in accounting for cross-linguistic variation. Languages differ in the morphological realisation of the discourse-related features (i.e. whether they have topic and focus markers), in the extent to which they exhibit word order alternations and whether they employ syntactic operations which are strictly dependent on the discourse/informational properties of the sentence, as well as in the distinction between different information-structure categories characterised by different grammatical properties. All these...
Studies: A Symposium in Honor of
- Sonja L. Lanehart; Richard W. Bailey
In a world where the power of Standard English is not always questioned and the history of English not well understood, Professor Bailey has been a strong and much needed advocate for the recognition of “other Englishes, ” the acceptance of multilingualism and language change, and the critical importance of linguistic tolerance. As a teacher and mentor, Professor Bailey has always encouraged his students to explore the language they see and hear around them, to pursue innovative research using new technologies, and to apply their understanding of language variation and change to the central social, political, and educational questions of...
El dialectalismo como base de la caracterización lingüística en el siglo XVIII: de nuevo sobre Fray Gerundio de Campazas
- Ramírez Luengo, José Luis
Crisi del monolitismo linguistico e lingue meno diffuse
- de Mauro, Tullio
La caracterización lingüística en el teatro colonial cubano
- Valdés Bernal, Sergio
Métodos para el análisis lingüístico de las lenguas de señas
- Cabeza Pereiro, María del Carmen