Mostrando recursos 161 - 180 de 3.545

  1. Palavras que crescem na ponta do lápis. A escrita criativa no 2º ciclo do ensino básico

    Lopes, Naíde Filipa Meira Honório
    A escrita é um processo complexo que envolve diversas variáveis quer ao nível da ativação das estruturas cognitivas de quem escreve quer na opção por mecanismos discursivos que permitem consolidar a relação do sujeito com o ato de escrever. No que à Escrita Criativa diz respeito, ela já não é, na atualidade, encarada apenas na perspetiva lúdica, meramente com a finalidade de motivar os alunos e desbloquear o seu receio da página em branco. Na verdade, associada a esse prazer, a Escrita Criativa deve igualmente contribuir para o desenvolvimento de competências linguísticas, comunicativas e textuais, mas também estéticas, na medida...

  2. Talking in Tongues: Exploring French and Québécois Identity Through Dialogue in Music

    Gulick, Amelia
    L’Académie Française was founded in 1635 by Cardinal Richelieu under King Louis XIV to decide what words constitute the French language. This linguistic standard establishes a foundation for the cultural standards of those for whom speaking French is a defining factor of their identity. My research explores the relationship between the Academy’s preservation of a French language standard and the variations of that standard employed by actual speakers in communication and self-definition. Pop music is a particularly interesting battle ground because it is a pivotal component of culture that bridges language and culture gaps alike. This is the medium through...

  3. Contemporary Advances in Theoretical and Applied Spanish Linguistic Variation

    Colomina Almiñana, Juan José
    Item embargoed for five years

  4. An Introduction to Random Processes for the Spectral Analysis of Speech Data

    Reidy, Patrick F.
    Spectral analysis of acoustic data is a common analytical technique with which phoneticians have ample practical experience. The primary goal of this paper is to introduce to the phonetician, whose primary interest is the analysis of linguistic data, a portion of the theory of random processes and the estimation of their spectra, knowledge of which bears directly on the choices made in the process of analyzing time series data, such as an acoustic waveform. The paper begins by motivating the use of random processes as a model for acoustic speech data, and then introduce the spectral representation (or, spectrum) of...

  5. On Phonically Based Analogy

    Joseph, Brian D.
    In this paper I examine the role sound alone can play as the basis for analogical connections among forms, as opposed to more conventionally discussed factors such as paradigmatic structure, grammatical category, or meaning. Examples are presented here, mainly from English, that show sound effects in analogy at various levels of linguistic analysis, including phonetics, morphology, syntax, semantics, and the lexicon.

  6. Looking for Roots in the Substrate: The Cases of Ebonics and Anglo-Irish

    Odlin, Terence
    Despite many differences in the sociolinguistic setting of Hiberno- English in Ireland and African-American Vernacular English in the USA, arguments about substrate influence have been invoked in both cases to promote the notion of separate linguistic identities. In the case of Ireland, Henry (1958, 1977) has insisted that the proper term to describe the vernacular now used by many in rural Ireland is “Anglo-Irish”, as opposed to “Hiberno-English” or “Irish English”, and he argues that “a new language” was created as a result of the substrate influence that became especially prominent in the nineteenth century. There have likewise been strong...

  7. An Evaluation of German-Croatian Contact

    Nuckols, Mark E.
    This paper is a study of the influence of German on Croatian. It attempts to provide a historical background and to summarize and evaluate the linguistic findings of some scholars in the field. The study focuses mainly on the period 1526–1918, when the Kingdom of Croatia, Slavonia, and Dalmatia was under the political control of the Habsburg Empire, and it is also limited to the contact in those areas of the Croatian-speaking world that were under Habsburg rule, i.e. Croatia and Slavonia, not Dalmatia. I consider the socio-historical context of the contact and the history of the Croatian literary language...

  8. From Taxonomy to Typology: The Features of Lexical Contact Phenomena in Atepec Zapotec-Spanish Linguistic Contact

    Hilts, Craig
    In this paper, I begin with an examination of what constitutes a borrowing from one language to another with particular reference to lexical borrowing. I develop a set of three aspects of words/lexemes that can serve as features within the context of borrowing and as a model for their representation to be used to account for lexical contact phenomena, and compare them with characteristics used in previous descriptions of these phenomena. I then apply a featural analysis to the currently accepted taxonomy in order to demonstrate its lack of consistency in arbitrarily excluding a part of the lexical results of...

  9. Defining the Outcome of Language Contact: Old English and Old Norse

    Dawson, Hope C.
    The English language throughout its 1500 year history has been impacted by socio-historical developments and changes. One such development took place in Old English: the invasion of England by Norse tribes from c. 800-1000 A.D. was a series of events which had a significant and lasting impact on all areas of the English language. The nature of that social situation and the linguistic outcome is of interest in contact linguistics; in particular, the application by some of terms such as creolization and creole to this process and its outcome has been controversial. In this paper, I examine the English-Norse contact...

  10. Code-Switching Behavior as a Strategy for Maya-Mam Linguistic Revitalization

    Collins, Wesley M.
    Since 1991, Fishman has carved out a “new” area of focus for research and linguistic activism—the Reversal of Language Shift (RLS)— within the general field of the Sociology of Language. In this article, I discuss a strategy of RLS employed by educated speakers of Maya-Mam, an endangered language of Guatemala. Less-educated Mam routinely code-switch to Spanish, while educated speakers categorically do not. Communication Accommodation Theory (Giles & Powesland 1975) offers a framework for accounting for this distinctive behavior through consideration of convergence and divergence strategies aimed at constructing positive social identities (Tajfel 1974). I briefly discuss this code-switching behavior, and...

  11. VCCV Perception: Putting Place in its Place

    Winters, Steve
    Jun (1995) and Hume (1998) incorporate perception into analysis of cross-linguistic trends in place assimilation and metathesis by claiming that the perceptual salience of specific segments motivates the ranking of relevant OT constraints. This study investigates the specific claims Jun and Hume make concerning the perceptual salience of cues for stop place of articulation to determine whether their salience actually could motivate the proposed OT rankings. Since both Jun and Hume based their proposals on a consideration of cues for stop place of articulation in the appropriate (VCCV) context for place assimilation and metathesis, this study only tested the salience...

  12. On the authoritarian and minoritarian uses of language in François Laruelle

    Sutherland, Thomas
    In Une biographie de l'homme ordinaire (1985), François Laruelle declares that ‘minorities are the immediate givens which precede power games, language games, philosophical games: they are therefore the real critique of the Authorities’. Indeed, Laruelle’s primary aim in this book is to develop a conception of minoritarian thought that is not aligned with difference, becoming, or any other such ontological attribute, but which instead expresses the lived experience of the ‘ordinary’ individual, the real that precedes the authoritarian impositions of power, language, and philosophy. This minoritarian thought, he argues, is a theoretical or scientific thought, making a non-ontological and non-philosophical...

  13. The emergence of Scots: Clues from Germanic *a reflexes

    Alcorn, Rhona; Molineaux, Benjamin; Kopaczyk, Joanna; Karaiskos, Vasilis; Los, Bettelou; Maguire, Warren
    This paper is concerned with the phonological origins of the linguistic variety known today as Scots. We begin with a review of traditional and more recent scholarship on this topic before describing the particular research project from which this paper arises. In Section 2 we examine the circumstances in which the nascent Scots language emerged, noting in particular how contact between multiple Germanic varieties complicates the identification of its most likely progenitor(s). Such complications lead us to consider the problem of origin from the perspective of one particular segment, that of Germanic *a. In Section 3 we, first, introduce this particular case study, then trace the development of the...

  14. The Scots-Northern English continuum of marking noun plurality

    Bugaj, Joanna
    The aim of this paper is to present an analysis of nominal plural markers within the language continuum on both sides of the Solway-Tweed line in the period between the late 14th - early 16th centuries. The Scots - English border in the Middle English period certainly was an area of political tension and one could infer that in the linguistic domain certain mechanisms must have operated as well. For instance, one of the phenomena which seem to be natural in these socio-political circumstances, would be the strife to mark own identity also in language. However, one should avoid jump­ ing...

  15. Verb morphology of south-western Older Scots

    Bugaj, Joanna
    The present paper focuses on the Middle Scots verbal inflections in the Scottish south-west, the region called Galloway. The manuscripts from the local archives are still virtually unknown to a wider public, which causes much imprecision and doubt in describing the position of Galloway on the map of Middle Scots dialectal areas. This study has been based on a collection of burgh court records from the burgh of Wigtown, dating back to the early 16th century, and concerns verbal inflections: the present participle, the third person singular present, the present plural, the regular preterite, the regular past participle and the...

  16. ‘for ye vrangus haldyn of thre bollis of beire fra hyre’: Nominal plurals in south-western Middle Scots

    Bugaj, Joanna
    This paper presents an analysis of plurality markers in the first extant text from the South-West of Scotland, the Wigtown Burgh Court Book (1512-1534). The inflectional endings for the plural are often included among the Middle Scots diagnostic features so it is quite important to establish what form they had in particular areas. The paper begins with an outline of the Middle Scots dialectal divisions. Next, the geographical position of Galloway is taken into consideration, with special attention paid to the alleged persistence of Gaelic and the possibility of including this region into the map of the sixteenth-century Scots dialects....

  17. Code-switching in the records of a Scottish brotherhood in early modern Poland-Lithuania

    Kopaczyk, Joanna
    This paper discusses code-switching in the records of a Protestant brotherhood which were kept by Scottish emigrants in the Polish city of Lublin in the late 17th century. This manuscript material has not been analyzed linguistically yet. Indeed, Scottish migration to the Continent in the early modern period has only recently been studied with more attention by historians while a linguistic assessment of the writings composed by the Scots in the emigrant context is still pending. The analysis shows how Latin, the universal language of administration, and Polish, the language of the host community, helped Scottish writers to construct authoritative...

  18. The language of William Dunbar: Middle Scots or Early Modern Scots?

    Kopaczyk, Joanna
    This paper provides linguistic arguments for a new periodisation of the Scots language where adequate space for the Renaissance, or the early modern period, would be created. In his search for the definition of the ‘middle’ period in Germanic languages, Roger Lass (2000) selected a range of linguistic features whose absence or presence would testify to a specific degree of archaism in the language of a given author, with special attention paid to Middle English poetry. This paper uses the same methodology to establish whether the language of William Dunbar warrants the label ‘middle’, which is traditionally applied to his...

  19. Introduction

    MacLeod, Marsaili; Smith-Christmas, Cassie; Carty, Nicola
    In this introductory chapter, we set the scene for the themes pursued within this volume, outlining why a critique of Gaelic language use is warranted. We briefly summarise the main theoretical, empirical and policy perspectives currently existing from within sociolinguistics, language planning and linguistic anthropology and the ways in which our text challenges these and develops them further. We explain our rationale and objectives of the text, and present an overview of the nature of Gaelic language change and analysis of key socio-demographic trends, which provides the connecting framework for the four key sites of interaction. Finally, we outline the...

  20. Tracing L-vocalisation in early Scots

    Molineaux, Benjamin; Kopaczyk, Joanna; Maguire, Warren; Alcorn, Rhona; Karaiskos, Vasilios; Los, Bettelou
    This paper provides novel evidence for the frequency and spatio-temporal distribution of the earliest instances of Scots L-vocalisation. This so-called “characteristic Scots change” (McClure 1994: 48) entails the loss of coda-/l/ following back vowels, with concomitant vocalic lengthening or diphthongisation (e.g. OE healf > OSc hawff; OE bolster > OSc bouster; OE full > OSc fow, cf. Johnston 1997: 90). Using data from the Linguistic Atlas of Older Scots (LAOS), spanning 1380-1500, we reassess the claims for the emergence of L-vocalisation in the early 15th century (Aitken & Macafee 2002: 101-4) and for its completion by the beginning of the...

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