Clasificación por Disciplina
Nomenclatura Unesco > (57) Lingüística
Nomenclatura Unesco > (57) Lingüística
Stroke can affect all levels of the auditory system (from the inner ear to the central tracts), and may result in various types of auditory dysfunctions, such as peripheral hearing loss (cochlea to auditory nerve), disordered auditory processing (brainstem to cortex), and cortical deafness. Hearing-impaired stroke survivors have an increased risk of physical decline after discharge to the community. This may be attributed to restricted participation in post-acute rehabilitation programs due to the hearing impairment. Furthermore, hearing impairment may have a significant impact on listening, linguistic skills and the overall communication of the affected stroke patient. To date, no studies have sought to systematically characterise the auditory function of...
Advances in general linguistics, central to which has been the address to language as a means of communicating knowledge and intentions, rather than from a purely formal syntactic or semantic angle, have meant that many literary scholars (particularly in the field of rhetoric) today share a set of common assumptions and interests with linguists, opening up rich possibilities for cross-disciplinary studies. My thesis emerges from the recognition that classical Athenian symbouleutic speeches, like other uses of language, aim at successful communication (or, persuasion), and that this function can be observed through its linguistic patterns. Though the communicative function of oratory...
Feltgen, Q,; Fagard, Benjamin; Nadal, Jean-Pierre
It is generally believed that, when a linguistic item acquires a new meaning, its overall frequency of use in the language rises with time with an S-shaped growth curve. Yet, this claim has only been supported by a limited number of case studies. In this paper, we provide the first corpus-based quantitative confirmation of the genericity of the S-curve in language change. Moreover, we uncover another generic pattern, a latency phase of variable duration preceding the S-growth, during which the frequency of use of the semantically expanding word remains low and more or less constant. We also propose a usage-based...
Treis, Yvonne; Vanhove, Martine
Vanhove, Martine; Legouy,, Benoît
Adu-Ampong, Emmanuel Akwasi
Highlights Proposes a research agenda on metaphor analysis for tourism research Situates metaphor analysis within the linguistic turn in social sciences Identifies that tourism metaphors always have a selling function Metaphors used to sell tourism development to communities have yet to be examined Shows how the metaphors of ‘heart’ and ‘pillar’ are used by tourism policy makers
Sekine, Kazuki; Stam, Gale; Yoshioka, Keiko; Tellier, Marion; Capirci, Olga
A aquisição da leitura e da escrita é hoje conceptualizada como um processo dinamizado por uma multiplicidade de fatores psicológicos, cognitivos, linguísticos, emocionais, motivacionais, sociais e culturais. Tem início antes da educação formal, desenvolvendo-se ao longo do tempo e pode ter repercussões na estruturação do autoconceito escolar e nas diversas áreas académicas. Partindo deste pressuposto, pretendeu-se desenvolver um estudo sobre a aquisição da leitura e escrita, por forma a caracterizá-la com a complexidade que lhe é inerente. Assim, foram analisados conjuntos de variáveis psicolinguísticas (compreensão verbal, consciência fonológica e fluência verbal), de performance em literacia (conhecimento do alfabeto, capacidade de leitura e escrita), e percetivo-afetivas (autoconceito), ao longo...
Tourneux, Henry; Konaï, Hadidja
Studies of the Department of African Languages and Cultures, 50, 2016, ISSN 0860-4649, p.71-82
Brunheta, Virgínia; Franco, Hugo; Santos, Eduarda
A aquisição de línguas estrangeiras revela-se imprescindível para a formação do profissional de Secretariado na era da globalização em que vivemos. Não obstante a importância do inglês e do espanhol na rápida integração no contexto empresarial dos nossos dias, é inegável o papel diferenciador do domínio do francês. Dado que pertencem à mesma família linguística, o francês e o português apresentam algumas semelhanças, tanto a nível fonológico como morfológico, que induzem, frequentemente, o aprendente de francês língua estrangeira em erro. Decorrente dos estudos realizados pela Análise Contrastiva, a expressão falsos amigos refere-se a palavras que em geral têm uma origem...
Van De Velde, Mark; Idiatov, Dmitry
Blache, Philippe; Prost, Jean-Philippe
In this chapter, we introduce and compare the main characteristics of both the Proof-Theoretic and the Model-Theoretic paradigms. We argue that representing the linguistic description of an utterance solely through a hierarchical syntactic structure is severely restrictive. We show evidence of these restrictions through the study of specific problems. We then argue that a Model-Theoretic representation of Syntax does not show those restrictions, and provides a more informative linguistic description than Proof-Theoretic Syntax. We give an overview of a specific framework for MTS, called \em Property Grammar (PG), which we use to illustrate our point. We show, in particular, how...
Blache, Philippe; Villadsen, Jørgen
The notion of constraints started to occupy a central position in linguistic theories from the introduction of unification in grammars.We propose in this chapter to explore the evolution of the notion of constraints in syntactic theories and how the computational and the linguistic perspective progressively get closer. In a first part, we propose an overview of constraint programming, showing how constraints not only introduce a way to control the processing (typically by reducing the search space), but also constitute an alternative way of representing and processing information (renewing the notion of declarativity). In a second part, we will detail the...
Costa, James; Gasquet-Cyrus, Médéric
This chapter seeks to introduce the idea that language revitalisation movements are rarely, if ever, monolithic in terms of aims and ideologies; in fact, debates and conflicts tend to run through such movements, synchronically as well as diachronically. Drawing on this idea, we will show that language is often used to express other (non linguistic-related) types of ideas on the social world. Throughout this article, we will characterise language revitalisation as a process in which social actors compete for symbolic power (points two and three), but also for material benefits (point four).
The concept of creativity is something that is valued highly in literary writing. It is, however, a hazy term that defies easy definition as it can be realised in different ways such as the manipulation of plot, structure, language or even the physicality of the text itself. The type of creativity that this thesis is interested in is creativity in the use of language. It forms one of three cornerstones of this research project as linguistic creativity is explored, first, in a single original text – Thomas Mann’s 1912 novella Der Tod in Venedig – and, then, in translation, or...
The debate between advocates of free pragmatic enrichment and those who maintain that any pragmatic contribution to explicature is mediated by a covert linguistic indexical took a new turn with the claim that these covert elements may be optional (Martí 2006). This prompted the conclusion (Recanati 2010b) that there is no longer any issue of substance between the two positions, as both involve optional elements of utterance meaning, albeit registered at different representational levels (conceptual or linguistic). We maintain, on the contrary, that the issue remains substantive and we make the case that, for a theory of the processes involved in...
This chapter describes a tool designed to allow linguists to manipulate the prosody of an utterance via a symbolic representation in order to evaluate linguistic models. Prosody is manipulated via a Praat TextGrid which allows the user to modify the rhythm and melody. Rhythm is manipulated by factoring segmental duration into three components: (i) intrinsic duration determined by phonemic identity (ii) local modifications encoded on the rhythm tier and (iii) global variations of speech rate encoded on the intonation tier. Melody is similarly determined by tonal segments on the tonal tier (= pitch accents) and on the intonation tier (=...
Parasca, IE; Rauter, AL; Roper, J; Rusinov, A; Bouchard, G; Riedel, S; Saito, P
The way humans define words is a powerful way of representing them. In this work, we propose to measure word similarity by comparing the overlap in their definition. This highlights linguistic phenomena that are complementary to the information extracted from standard context-based representation learning techniques. To acquire a large amount of word definitions in a cost-efficient manner, we designed a simple interactive word game, Word Sheriff. As a byproduct of game play, it generates short word sequences that can be used to uniquely identify words. These sequences can not only be used to evaluate the quality of word representations, but it could ultimately...
in 『中国語学』 Chuugokugogaku [Bulletin of the Chinese Linguistic Society of Japan], N° 256