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Nomenclatura Unesco > (57) Lingüística

Mostrando recursos 161 - 180 de 61,627

161. The Possibility of Moral Reasoning in Hare’s Prescriptivism - m zamani; mh Mahdavinejad; a Azhdar; R Taghian Varzaneh
The contemporary approaches to moral philosophy have experienced diverging directions regarding the possibility and justification of reasoning. Hare claims that in spite of the fact that intuitivists like Moore, Ross, and Prichard block the use of reasoning by accepting the intuitiveness of knowledge of good and bad, emotivism takes the same rout by focusing on emotions and emphasizing the freedom of choice. While descriptivism and also naturalism accept the possibility of reasoning through admitting the indicative nature of ethical speech, they reject or limit the freedom of choice. He tries to justify both the freedom of choice and the possibility...

162. Philosophical Foundations of Intuitionistic Logic - L Nabavi; MA Hojati; H Alaeenezhad
Intuitionistic logic, as a non-classical logic, encompasses the principles of logical reasoning which were used by L. E. J. Brouwer in developing his intuitionistic mathematics. Brouwer rejected the principle of the excluded middle on the basis of his philosophy. In his philosophical view, logic is the application of mathematics to the language of mathematics. In other words, logic studies the patterns that characterize valid inference. The resulting linguistic system of logic may be studied mathematically, even independently of the mathematical activities that it was originally abstracted from. In this paper, the philosophical basis of Brouwer’s view about Logic and Mathematics...

163. Internal Realism: Putnam\'s Alternative to Metaphysical Realism - J Akbari Takhtameshlou; M Golshani
Hilary Putnam, who was once one of the representatives and proponents of scientific and metaphysical realism, became an unrelenting opponent of metaphysical realism during the mid-70s. Having argued against alethic and ontological dimensions of metaphysical realism, he proposed “internal realism” as an alternative to it. Putnam's major objection to the alethic dimension of metaphysical realism was that this philosophy brings about an unbridgeable gap between the truth of a proposition and our epistemic justifications for it. As to the ontological dimension of metaphysical realism, he proposed the criticism to the effect that according to this philosophical position the world consists...

164. KAŞKAY TÜRKÇESİNDE İYELİK BİLDİREN YÜKLEMLEMELER - Abdullah ELCAN
Kaşkay Türkçesi; İran’ın güneyinde, Fars eyaletinde yaşayan Kaşkay Türklerinin konuşma dilidir. Türk dillerinin tasnifinde Oğuz grubu Türk lehçeleri arasında gösterilen Kaşkay Türkçesi yazı dili olarak gelişmemiş; Kaşkay Türklerinin hemen tamamının aynı zamanda Farsça konuşuru olması dolayısıyla da Farsçanın güçlü etkisi altında tipolojik özelliklerini büyük ölçüde yitirmeye başlamıştır. İki dilin karşı karşıya gelmesiyle ortaya ne gibi durumların çıkabileceği dil bilim çalışmalarında önemli bir yer tutmaktadır. Önceleri bu ilişkiler yalnızca kelime alışverişi ile sınırlı tutulmakla birlikte günümüzde dillerin birbirinden yapısal ögeleri de kopyalayabildikleri kabul edilmektedir. İki dilli her topluluk gibi Kaşkay Türkleri de sosyal açıdan baskın olan Farsçadan yapısal ögeleri almakta ve bu yapılar dilin kendi yapısal ögelerini geri plana itmektedir. Bu çalışmada...

165. Multi-Word Term Extraction Based on New Hybrid Approach for Arabic Language - Meryeme Hadni; Abdelmonaime Lachkar; Said Alaoui Ouatik
Arabic Multiword Term are relevant strings of words in text documents. Once they are automatically extracted, they can be used to increa se the performance of any text mining applications such as Categorisation, Clustering, In formation Retrieval System, Machine Translation, and Summarization, etc. This paper int roduces our proposed Multiword term extraction system based on the contextual informati on. In fact, we propose a new method based a hybrid approach for Arabic Multiword term extract ion. Like other method based on hybrid approach, our method is composed by two main steps: the Linguistic approach and the Statistical one. In the first step, the Linguistic approach...

166. Learning styles and multiple intelligences in the teaching-learning of Spanish as a foreign language - Esperanza LUENGO-CERVERA

This paper examines two theoretical constructs: Learning Styles and Multiple Intelligences as variables in the teaching-learning process of Spanish as a Foreign Language. The group learning profile has been analyzed through the use of the Questionnaire of Honey-Alonso of Learning Styles (CHAEA, 2007) and Silver and Strong Questionnaire for Multiple Intelligences (2000) while learning journals have been utilized to triangulate the data obtained through the questionnaires. Three moderate correlations have been found among the variables of both constructs: Linguistic Intelligence-Reflexive Style; Linguistic Intelligence-Theoretical Style; and Musical Intelligence-Active Style. Both theories have been employed in a Spanish course which gives students...

167. Museos para todos: evaluación de una guía audiodescriptiva para personas con discapacidad visual en el museo de ciencias - Silvia Soler Gallego; Antonio Javier Chica Núñez

La traducción y la interpretación son una valiosa herramienta de accesibilidad museística, al facilitar la comunicación entre el museo y visitantes con diversas capacidades. En este artículo se exponen los resultados de un estudio llevado a cabo en el marco del proyecto TACTO, en el que se ha creado y evaluado una guía audiodescriptiva para visitantes con discapacidad visual para el Parque de las Ciencias de Granada. El proyecto se centró en los aspectos lingüísticos de los contenidos de la guía y su evaluación, que aunó técnicas de observación participante, de encuesta y de entrevista. Los resultados indican que el...

168. Religious culture and health promotion: care, practice, object - Viola Timm
At the margins of modern medical practice, pushing the very limits of science, and indefatigably rendering the precincts of public discourse, still functional remnants of Christian civilization continue to provide care for the hopeless, perform healing sacraments for the incurable, and curate objects of votive devotion for the suffering and needy. These public services go largely unaccounted for, though they secure an ordered world, structure perception, and serve as ontological anchors. Lost in the vague, scientifically unrarified notions of spirituality that brace a general, undifferentiated worldwide metaphysical experience and disregard immense cultural, functional, geographic and performative distinctness, Catholic sacramental practices...

169. Sistema de tareas para la enseñanza combinada de la gramática comunicativa y la gramática tradicional de lengua inglesa - Nancy del Carmen Jiménez Figueredo; Yadira Aurora Martínez Torres; José Suárez Lezcano; Aracelis Alarcón Vargas; Sandra Montaña Alarcón
Se realizó el diseño de un sistema de tareas para la enseñanza combinada de la gramática comunicativa y la gramática tradicional de lengua inglesa, con metodología cuali-cuantitativa, en la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas “Zoilo Marinello Vidaurreta” de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Las Tunas, durante el período comprendido entre septiembre de 2011 y julio de 2014. El objetivo estuvo direccionado a perfeccionar la corrección lingüística en el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje del idioma Inglés. La realización del diseño contó con: una revisión bibliográfica de los principales enfoques utilizados en la enseñanza-aprendizaje del Inglés; la revisión documental, que permitió determinar las...

170. Actualización clínica de las manifestaciones perictales e interictales epilépticas - Roberto Anselmo Ramos Valverde
El término epilepsia proviene de la palabra griega ¨epilambaneim¨, la cual significa sorpresa, ataque, apoderarse de o caerse sobre sí mismo. La epilepsia ha suscitado siempre entre la población una idea y sensación de temor, maldición, curiosidad y hasta venganza. (1) En la actualidad se admite que la epilepsia es una enfermedad neuropsiquiátrica, pero que en solo un pequeño porcentaje de casos coexisten trastornos psicopatológicos que necesitan de la atención del psiquiatra. (1) Según el diccionario de epilepsia de la Organización Mundial de la Salud, dicha enfermedad se define como una afección crónica producida por diferentes etiologías, caracterizada por la repetición...

171. Intervención didáctica para la enseñanza de la farmacología en las clases de inglés con fines específicos - Vladimir Molina Raad; José Suárez Lezcano; Jillian Mora Molina; Norma Montes de Oca Escobar; Sahily Rojas Pérez
Se realizó un estudio cualitativo de intervención, con el objetivo de determinar el vocabulario relacionado con la farmacología, necesario para desarrollar las clases de inglés médico en la carrera de Medicina de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Las Tunas. El grupo de estudio estuvo constituido por los estudiantes y profesores del 5to año de la carrera de Medicina del curso 2011-2012. Las variables fueron la preparación del colectivo de profesores, las afecciones clínicas incluidas en el programa, los grupos farmacológicos implicados y el nombre en inglés de medicamentos específicos. La información se obtuvo de los libros de textos y...

172. An Ethics Of Discomfort: Supplementing Ricœur On Translation - Lisa Foran

This article compares Paul Ricoeur and Jacques Derrida on the theme of translation and in particular the ethical implications of the different ways in which they approach the untranslatable.  While Ricoeur’s account of translation as linguistic hospitality does offer a model for an ethical encounter with the other, I argue that this account does not go far enough. My central claim is that Ricoeur’s treatment of translation overemphasizes the movement of appropriation and integration.  While it may not be his intention, this emphasis could lead to a certain kind of complacency that would challenge the ethical claims Ricoeur makes in...

173. Communication, Translation and the Global Community of Persons - Dries Deweer
Paul Ricœur shared Emmanuel Mounier’s personalist and communitarian ideal of a universal community, which ensures that every human being has access to the conditions for self-development as a person. Whereas Mounier talks about communication as the structure of personhood that summons us towards the gradual enlargement of the community, Ricœur’s reflections on translation provide a missing link by referring, not just to the human capacity to communicate, but more specifically, to our capacity to translate and the implied ethics of linguistic hospitality. This allowed him to show that what enables us to enlarge the circle of brotherhood is the capacity...

174. Sobre los lomos del humor: polisemia, crítica y humor en la poesía última de Gloria Fuertes - Leuci, Verónica
El presente trabajo propone analizar el cruce entre poesía y humor en la poesía última de Gloria Fuertes. Nos enfocaremos en lo que denominamos "juegos polisémicos", a través de los cuales se explotan las posibilidades dinámicas del lenguaje poético y el nombre propio de la autora. Estos juegos ponen de relieve la óptica antisolemne e irreverente que impera en los libros finales de la poeta, Historia de Gloria (1980) y Mujer de verso en pecho (1995), y que se presenta en diversos niveles complementarios, tanto temáticos como formales. Así, estos juegos formalizan una tendencia lúdica que recorre su mundo poético,...

175. Panorámica sociolingüística de la lengua gallega (s. XX-XXI) - Pardo Vuelta, María
Along history, Galician language has passed through golden and dark ages. Its speakers have been victims of a marginalization that took them to a deep situation of diglossia. Its survival is threatened, even getting to the situation of non-transmission of the language within the family. Since the instauration of democracy, the passing of the Statute of Autonomy, the Linguistic Normalization Law and the General Plan for the Normalization of Galician Language, the language has official recognition, but it is still far from being in a position of full social and institutional normalization.

176. La situación sociolingüística del catalán: evolución reciente - Marí, Isidor
The text provides an overview of the current reality of the Catalan language with a brief historical reference. During the post-Franco transition and Spain's accession to the European Communities it seemed possible to reach an egalitarian multilingualism, which reflects the Universal Declaration of Linguistic Rights (Barcelona, 1996). At the beginning of the XXI century this hope is focused on the draft Statute of Autonomy of 2005. Its rejection by a judgment of 2010 of the Constitutional Court questioned the possibility of an equal status without political independence.

177. “Hace dos años para atrás que fui a Egipto...”: sobre algunas semejanzas entre el español de Gibraltar o yanito y el español de Estados Unidos” - Errico, Elena
The situation of contact between English and Spanish in the United States bears some resemblance with that of Gibraltar. Significant similarities can be identified both at a sociolinguistic and linguistic as well as discursive level, despite the apparent profound demographic, political, social and cultural differences between the two Spanish-speaking communities. Based on a corpus of compositions written by Gibraltarian adolescents, I analyze a number of structural and discursive features that differentiate Gibraltarian Spanish or Yanito from Andalusian Spanish and that, conversely, are well-documented in the speech of US Spanish transitional bilinguals.

178. Il sintagma La Spagna plurale nella storia - Botti, Alfonso
This article discusses the use of the phrase "plural Spain" throughout history. Regardless of the cultural and linguistic diversity background related to the different nationalities in Spain, the article covers how this phrase has been used in the last decades and, therefore, what its prospect is. This prospect is confirmed by the title given to the “Bologna Conference".

179. La pluralidad lingüística en la Península Ibérica según la Gramática de la lengua vulgar de España (1559) - Rodrigo Mora, María José
The anonymous grammar published in 1559 in Leuven provides an overview of the various languages spoken at that time in the Iberian Peninsula. The grammar presented the languages in a hierarchical order, based especially on the age, establishing the line Basque-Arab-Catalan- Spanish, which is not labeled as such but as vulgar language of Spain. The text provides significant exposure, although imperfect and somewhat confusing, of Iberian linguistic plurality on the mid-sixteenth century. This article presents and contextualizes the statements appeared in the anonymous work in the debate of the time in which it was published.

180. Multilingual variation in the context of Linked Data - Montiel Ponsoda, Elena; McCrae, John P.; Aguado de Cea, Guadalupe; Gracia del Río, Jorge
In this paper we present a revisited classification of term variation in the light of the Linked Data initiative. Linked Data refers to a set of best practices for publishing and connecting structured data on the Web with the idea of transforming it into a global graph. One of the crucial steps of this initiative is the linking step, in which datasets in one or more languages need to be linked or connected with one another. We claim that the linking process would be facilitated if datasets are enriched with lexical and terminological information. Being that the final aim, we propose a classification of lexical, terminological and semantic variants that will become part of a...

 

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