18 Contrastive Rhetoric in English-Chinese Context: From Schemata and Cultural Schemata to Rhetorical Features
- Lianhong Gao
Abstract: This paper reviews studies concerning rhetorical differences in Chinese and English and investigates the communication between Chinese and English rhetorical conventions. Differences are found in the two conventions in terms of thinking patterns, ideology, strategies, and audience. Implications for multicultural education are provided. Rhetoric is defined as the choice of linguistic and structural aspects of discourse – chosen to produce an effect on an audience (Purves, 1988). According to Purves, rhetoric is a matter of choice to produce certain effects as opposed to those that are determined by lexical and grammatical structures. Contrastive rhetoric, a subset of text linguistics,...
Bilingualism and Its Effect on Literacy Skills
- Antonina Pigulskaya
Bilingualism and its effect on children’s literacy proficiency Literacy skills are an essential component to personal, social, educational, and economic self-actualization. They become especially important to children, more specifically bilingual children, as they learn to incorporate and separate two linguistic systems. This paper examines research of several groups of bilingual children and development of literacy skills. Home literacy experiences have shown to have an impact on literacy abilities. Hammer, Miccio & Wagstaff (2003) examined 43 Puerto Rican mother-child dyads. The dyads were separated into two groups; those that had learned English and Spanish from birth (simultaneous learners [SI]) and those...
ATTITUDES TOWARDS VARIETIES OF ENGLISH IN INTERACTION by
- Jason J. Litzenberg; Jason Litzenberg; Under Dr; Stephanie Lindemann
English has become the default language of global communication, and users around the world are adapting the traditional standards of grammar and interaction. It is imperative that teachers of English keep pace with these changing conceptualizations of the language as well as the changing expectations of its users so that they can best prepare language learners for the sociolinguistic realities they will encounter. Teacher training programs have a critical role to play in that they must keep pace with both the changing global linguistic landscape and how these changes influence pre-service teachers. It is therefore imperative to understand the attitudes...
SEAFACT: Semantic analysis for animation of cooking tasks
- Robin F. Karlin; Robin F. Karlin; Robin F. Karlin
SEAFACT is a natural language interface to a computer-generated animation system. SEAFACT operates in the domain of cooking tasks. The domain is limited to a mini-world consisting of a small set of verbs which were chosen because they involve rather conlplex arm movements which will be interesting to animate. A linguistic analysis of the language found in recipes, included here, was used to define the domain. SEAFACT allows the user to specify tasks in this domain, using a small subset of English. The system then analyzes the English input and produces a representation of the task which can drive lower...
The Dubious Quality of Legal Dictionaries
- Gerard-rené De Groot; Conrad J. P. Van Laer; Gerard-rené De; Groot; Conrad J. P; Van Laer
As a consequence of the still increasing transnational commercial and scholarly cooperation and exchange, more and more often legal information has to be translated. Sometimes the content of legal documents (contracts, statutory provisions, books and articles on legal topics and so on) has to be translated into another language. But even more frequently, information on rules from one legal system has to be provided in the legal language of another legal system. In both cases the translator or the lawyer involved is confronted with difficulties of legal translation. In both cases bilingual legal dictionaries could play an important role in...
- Noel B. Martin; Noel B. Martin; Noel B. Martin; Noel B. Martin; Eddy Nahmias; Daniel Weiskopf; Andrea Scarantino
This Thesis is brought to you for free and open access by the Department of Philosophy at ScholarWorks @ Georgia State University. It has been
- Justin Coy Wise; Justin C. Wise
Phonological awareness (PA) can be defined as the ability to recognize that orthographic patterns represent specific phonemic elements of speech (Nitrouer, 1999). Alternatively, some view PA as a purely linguistic skill that involves the ability to recognize and manipulate specific speech sounds (e.g., Catts, 1991). A large body of research indicates the primary problem for children who do not learn to read is a deficit in PA (e.g., Morris et al., 1998; Stanovich, 1988). Far less work has examined what drives the development of PA (Metsala & Walley, 1998). Recently, it has been suggested that oral language skills influence the...
AND CHEMISTRY by
- Katherine E. Moran; Katherine E. Moran; Under Direction; Viviana Cortes
Research in the area of academic writing has demonstrated that writing varies significantly across disciplines and among genres within disciplines. Two important approaches to studying diversity in disciplinary academic writing have been the genre-based approach and the corpus-based approach. Genre studies have considered the situatedness of writing tasks, including the larger socio-cultural context of the discourse community (e.g., Berkenkotter & Huckin, 1995; Bhatia, 2004) as well as the move structure in specific genres like the research article (e.g., Swales, 1990, 2004). Corpus- based studies of disciplinary writing have focused more closely on the linguistic variation across registers, with the research...
Research Abstract Proposal
- Crystal Oke
According to Lai (2014), culture is an important element in the foreign language classroom. Some scholars believe that culture is the fifth language skill along with the four traditional skills (reading, writing, listening and speaking) of English. Traditionally, learning English required learners to acquire some target language cultural knowledge (e.g. British culture and/or American culture) especially in the context of English as a foreign language. In another context Friday-Out states, a feature characteristic to all languages is “translationability ” which has made accessing the texts of all languages largely possible. In the educational sector, translation is inevitable. Apart from subjecting...
From Bilingualism to Interlinguistics: The Case Against the Deficit Model of Language Acquisition
- Alfredo Jiménez
Abstract: The article argues against an ahistorical deficit model of Spanish/English bilingualism in educational practice based on interlinguistic research. The bidirectional facilitative effects of Hispanic bilingualism allow Spanish-speaking minorities to exploit their language background while learning academic English and integrating their language and culture into the American mainstream. Recent unprecedented demographic events in the United States have caught both native and immigrant residents woefully unprepared to meet the challenge of educating and mainstreaming newcomers in the most efficient and painless manner. The American classroom is now a stage in which teacher and student find themselves facing each other having to...
Address for correspondence:
- Lauren J. Stites; Şeyda Özçalışkan; Lauren Stites
Stites, L. & Özçaliskan, S. (2013). Teasing apart the role of cognitive and linguistic
ORIGINALISM AND CONSTITUTIONAL CONSTRUCTION
- Lawrence B. Solum
Constitutional interpretation is the activity that discovers the communicative content or linguistic meaning of the constitutional text. Constitutional construction is the activity that determines the legal effect given the text, including doctrines of constitutional law and decisions of constitutional cases or issues by judges and other officials. The interpretation-construction distinction, frequently invoked by contemporary constitutional theorists and rooted in American legal theory in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, marks the difference between these two activities. This Article advances two central claims about constitutional construction. First, constitutional construction is ubiquitous in constitutional practice. The central warrant for this claim is conceptual:...
Creating Permeable Boundaries: Inclusive Educators in a Global Society
- Hilary L; Tonette S. Rocco; Ann Nevin
Abstract: The authors pose a redefinition of inclusive education and inclusive educators. They describe four promising strategies that educators might use to reflect on social justice as a curricular focal point, problematize inclusive education, and help students create more permeable boundaries between themselves and those who are different. In this paper, we propose a redefinition of inclusive education and inclusive educators. In the last decade or so, inclusive education has been advanced in order to educate students with disabilities with their non-handicapped peers. Inclusion in this context refers to the full-time integration with appropriate accommodations and supports of students with...
1 Functional Communication in Chronic Aphasia and Executive Function: The Effect of Treating Cognitive Flexibility
Therapeutic intervention for chronic aphasia is typically directed toward two goals, the retraining of deficits in specific linguistic structures and/or compensatory skills training to enhance communication (Lyon, 1992; Park & Ingles, 2001). Efforts directed toward both types of trained behaviors are seen commonly during therapy sessions; however, often use of these skills is not observed outside of the therapy context, especially in less structured, more natural
Relationships of real-time glucose levels on cognitive-linguistic performance in adults with and without diabetes
Individuals with certain forms of aphasia may be under considerable stress related to their linguistic skills. The current study explored coping resources, perceived stress, and life experiences in individuals with aphasia. The relation of these factors to salivary cortisol, a physiologic index of stress, was additionally investigated. Results indicate individuals with aphasia have fewer coping resources and greater perceived stress than healthy controls. Salivary cortisol was not related to perceived stress or coping resources, but was related to life experiences during the previous six months. Clinical and theoretical implications are discussed.
Aging, Auditory Distraction, and Grammaticality Judgment Background
The cognitive, syntactic and semantic influences in the task of sentence processing by normal individuals or in patients with brain damage are not well understood. Grammaticality judgment is a unique method of examining sentence processing. It has been shown that many patients with aphasia are able to judge grammaticality of sentences that they are unable to comprehend, suggesting that there are several levels of processing involved in interpreting sentences (Linebarger, Schwartz & Saffran, 1983; Wulfeck, 1988; Wilson & Saygin, 2004). Factors affecting normal subjects ’ abilities to complete cognitive linguistic tasks in the face of various types of distraction have...
ABSTRACT OF THESIS EXPANDING DEICTIC SHIFT THEORY:
- Person Deixis; In Chuck; Palahniuk’s Fight Club; Anna Laura Bennett; Anna Laura Bennett; Dr. Greg Stump
Deictic shift theory (DST) was developed as a model of the construction and comprehension of all types of fictional narrative. With respect to the participant structures of texts, however, DST researchers have focused their attention on deictic shifts in third-person narratives, leaving first-person narratives unanalyzed from this theoretical perspective. As a result, DST in its present form does not adequately account for the variety of manipulations of a range of perspectives that may be achieved in firstperson narratives. Nor has DST been systematically applied to texts whose participant structures undergo extensive reorganization as the result of a surprise ending or...
Relationships between Working Memory Capacity and Listening and Reading Sentence Comprehension in Normal Elderly Individuals and Persons with Aphasia
The purposes of the study are to investigate whether working memory (WM) capacity significantly predicts performance on auditory and reading comprehension tasks for aphasic individuals, and to examine whether WM-group differences between low and high WM groups emerge in demanding comprehension tasks. The results revealed that WM capacity significantly predicted performance on an auditory comprehension task and on a reading comprehension task presented with a self-paced moving window method. WM group effects emerged especially under the subtests with more linguistic elements and these findings are consistent with the WM capacity model (Just & Carpenter, 1992).
Perspectives of European sociology
- Cipriani, Roberto
This article is a review on how it is organized institutionally European
sociology, establishing the necessary search for the union of the various national
associations to fi nd common ground and to try to ignore the existing handicaps
(especially geographical and linguistic ones). Among the common points, it is
stressed the need to achieve the highest possible quality in scientifi c activity,
particularly with regard to didactic, research and internationalization of European
sociology. Finally, there is a special emphasis on the few European funds
for research, bringing pressure on the European Parliament and national political
authorities for them to increase their budgets for this.