Informe: sobre las lenguas europeas amenazadas de desaparición y la diversidad lingüística en la Unión Europea
- Alfonsi, François
Oralidad y transculturación en las tradiciones peruanas
- Arredondo, Alessio
El objetivo que tiene el presente escrito es el de mostrar de qué modo un escritor como Ricardo Palma, a través de un género creado por él, las Tradiciones Peruanas, manifiesta la característica de la oralidad en distintos niveles y aspectos gramaticales.
El problema que se quiere intentar resolver a partir de este trabajo consiste en determinar cuál es la razón que mueve a Ricardo Palma a desarrollar obras literarias con rasgos de oralidad generando un estilo propio pero con raíces profundas, identificables en gran parte de las producciones latinoamericanas. Asimismo, se intenta situar a Palma como impulsor de una literatura...
Logical and linguistic games from Peirce to Grice to Hintikka
- Pietarinen, Ahti-Veikko
Modelling linguistic context with Hintikka sets and abduction
- Salguero Lamillar, Francisco J.
La labor historiográfica de Juan M. Lope Blanch (1927-2002)
- Ridruejo Alonso, Emilio
The historiographical work of John M. Lope Blanch is part of the studies that were initiated at the Centre for Historical Studies before the Civil War and is resumed from the forties. For Lope, like for other Spanish philologists, linguistic historiography had a function, largely subordinated to the history of the language and, therefore, their main focus are the authors of the Renaissance and the Golden Age, the most fertile in information on Spanish language and culture. Lope Blanch had studied texts of grammarians and lexicographers of those centuries, Nebrija, Valdés, Cristóbal de Villalón, Jeronimo Texeda, Giovanni Miranda or Sebastián...
Actitudes lingüísticas en Santiago de Chile: "agrado" y variedades geográficas del español
- Rojas Gallardo, Darío
Within the framework of language attitudes, we study the degree of pleasantness perceived in geographical varieties of Spanish by 400 Spanish-speaking subjects from Santiago (Chile). Data was collected through a survey in which we asked overtly for their opinion (direct method). We compare these results with those found in a previous paper where the linguistic correctness perceived in geographical varieties by the same group was analyzed. Our findings reveal that the varieties that these subjects find more pleasant are the same that those they perceive as the more correct varieties (Peninsular Spanish, Peruvian Spanish and Colombian Spanish). Chilean Spanish is...
Estudio de algunos aspectos protolingüísticos de los aprendices ucranianos de español como L2
- Lukashenko, Natalia; Solias Arís, María Teresa
The aim of this paper is to study the main errors and proto-linguistic features of the interlanguage used by L2 Ukrainian university students with homogeneous sociolinguistic characteristics (second year Ukrainian female students, with a level of Spanish equivalent to B1). Proto-linguistic features, as set in Bickerton 1990, are studied on the basis of the most common mistakes committed in oral and written interlanguage. This will be useful to identify the most difficult learning topics and also to avoid these errors. This study will allow teachers to design pedagogical activities to improve the linguistic skills of students. The methodology focuses on...
En la sombra del Estado: esfera pública nacional y homogeneización cultural en la España de la Restauración
- Archilés, Ferran; García Carrión, Marta
This article seeks to analyse the interrelation between the nationalization dynamics promoted by the State and those ones coming from below. The analysis of the period of the Spanish Restoration allows to propose an alternative interpretation to the theses that have emphasized the weakness of the nationalization process in contemporary Spain. The article proposes the centrality of the nationalization dynamics arising from civil society but developed within the framework established by the State. Linguistic homogenization and the creation of an integrated public sphere are the two key aspects in the study of the processes of cultural homogenization.
Ni idiotas ni energúmenos, pero sí hipócritas: Falsos primos y contrapréstamos en griego moderno
- Magadán Olives, María Teresa
Present-day expression of a long tradition, modern Greek stands apart from other European languages by the fact that western culture used classical Greek to create many words which today belong to our linguistic and cultural tradition. Nevertheless, to know these words does not imply to know Greek, because these western neologisms do not really match present-day Greek meanings. That is why we can identify them as false friends. Some of these western creations did even return to Greek as borrowings from French or English, so becoming back-borrowings, whose meaning either differs from the original one which modern Greek retains or...
Ein elektronisches Lexikon im OLIF-Format für die Erzählanalyse
- Luder, Marc; Clematide, Simon; Distl, Bernhard
We present the JAKOB lexicon, a semantically rich German lexical resource, and its
migration to the OLIF format (Open Lexicon Interchange Format). This lexicon is part of a
web-based text and narrative analysis application. The JAKOB narrative analysis is a
qualitative research tool to systematically analyze patient.s narratives. It conceptualizes
narratives as dramaturgically-constructed linguistic productions and interprets them with
regard to the un-conscious conflicts of the narrator contained there in. In this process,
narratives are extracted from transcripts, then a linguistic analysis is performed, and after
that the vocabulary is encoded according to predetermined psychological conceptual
categories incorporated in the JAKOB lexicon. The need for the proper treatment...
MedLex+: an integrated corpus-lexicon medical workbench for Swedish
- Kokkinakis, Dimitrios; Toporowska Gronostaj, Maria
This paper reports on the work carried out developing MedLex+, a medical corpuslexicon
workbench for Swedish. This project, which is still under active development,
has been going on for some years now within the Department of Swedish language at
Göteborg University. At the moment, the workbench incorporates:
- an annotated collection of medical texts-including 20 million tokens and 45,000
- a number of language processing software programs, including tools for collocation
extraction, compound segmentation and thesaurus-based semantic annotation, and
- a lexical database of medical terms-containing 5,000 medical entries. MedLex+ is a
multifunctional lexical resource due to a structural design and content which can be
easily queried. The medical...
El Diccionari de l'Institut d'Estudis Catalans (2007): el tractament de la pronominalitat verbal
- Fradera Castillo, I.; Fullana, Olga; Montalat, Pere; Santamaría, Carolina
The aim of this paper is to explain the work that has been carried out in the Oficines
Lexicogràfiques to regularize the treatment of verbal pronominality in the Diccionari
de la llengua catalana of the Institut d.Estudis Catalans (DIEC) and to show the result
that the second edition of this dictionary, published in April of 2007, reflects. It is well
known that the DIEC is not a dictionary started from scratch, but it is based on the
Diccionari general de la llengua catalana of Pompeu Fabra (DGLC). The first and
second editions of the DIEC represent an updating of the DGLC, not only regarding
nomenclature and definitions...
Construir un diccionario de derivación del español en el siglo XXI: la arquitectura de la información al servicio de la lexicografía
- Díaz García, María Teresa; Mas Alvarez, Inmaculada
In the age of communication, new technological advances are made everyday in the field of
information and linguistics. Deriv@ is a system that makes the most of linguistic data. All
data managed by this application are connected with derivational morphology, since
derived words constitute the starting point from which relationships with other linguistic
elements are established. Deriv@ is a linguistic database with two models of
representation: one for all Spanish words created by means of derivation; the other for the
corresponding Latin words. We offer a grammatically-analysed corpus, both
synchronically and diachronically, to make customised queries according to the user.s
interests, and also to create a dictionary of...
Dictionnaire de Néologismes du Portugais Brésilien (décennie de 90): conception et processus d'élaboration
- Alves, Ieda Maria
The Brazilian Portuguese Neologisms Dictionary (1990s), expected to be completed in
early 2008, was created to present neologisms from contemporary Brazilian press from
January 1993 to December 2000. The dictionary corpus has been taken from the
Contemporary Brazilian Portuguese Neologism Database, a tool aimed at collecting and
investigating neologisms from contemporary Brazilian press-newspapers Folha de S. Paulo
and O Globo and magazines IstoÉ and Veja-since January 1993. Samples were randomly
taken from these sources: the newspaper O Globo, from the first Sunday of the month; the
magazine IstoÉ, from the second week of the month; the newspaper Folha de S. Paulo, from
the third Sunday of the month;...
La justicia de menores desde la mirada de los jueces. Valoraciones y representaciones sobre la ley y la administración de justicia
- Guemureman, Silvia
This paper condenses the views and assessments that the juvenile court judges have on some aspects of the judicial task in the justice system for minors. With the intention of building a moral cartography of judicial practices, I have made a reconstruction of the above mentioned practices through the speeches and writings of judges. I have carried out in-depth interviews and made a qualitative and linguistic analysis of judicial decisions. So I could confront what the judges declare and what the judges perform when administering justice and state in their judicial decisions. I have also rebuilt the speech and the...
L'aprenentatge de l'hebreu vers la fi del segle II dC
- Alexander, Philip S.
Nobody would dream of disputing that the ancient Rabbis spoke Hebrew,
nor that they did so very well. They had a comprehensive knowledge of the
Hebrew Bible and were perfectly capable of quoting it word for word at will.
They used Hebrew to write extensive biblical essays, which, while seemingly
extravagant by modern philological standards, show tremendous linguistic sensitivity.
It was they who passed on many of the traditions of Halakhah in Hebrew,
a tongue that they also used for prayer. Hebrew was so essential to their
religious identity, and they were so comfortable with its use, that it is easy to
forget that it was not their...
Tres notes de lexicologia semítica: entre l'arameu, l'àrab i el grec
- Monferrer Sala, Juan Pedro
The linguistic make-up of the Syro-Palestinian Church comprised two
clearly differentiated sectors: the Greek-speaking coastal regions and Hellenised
cities, on the one hand, and the inland regions, on the other, where a variety
of dialects were spoken. This geographical division was only a partial factor,
however. Although the tendency of individuals to group together in Greek
and Aramaic-speaking areas was initially determined by social inertia strongly
influenced by reasons of language, the subsequent Arabo-Islamic occupation
brought with it a new linguistic factor Arabic. Contrary to the opinion of
some scholars, Aramaic was also spoken in the major cities and towns.
It is known that Palestine was a highly...
La puntuació hebrea en una cruïlla decisiva
- Mishor, Mordechay
Mordechay Mishor és un prestigiós investigador dins el camp de la llengua hebrea que durant molts anys ha estat a càrrec del Departament de Literatura Antiga del Projecte del Diccionari Històric de l’Acadèmia de la Llengua Hebrea; l’any 1998 va ser elegit membre del Comitè de Gramàtica de l’Acadèmia i l’any 2009, membre de l’Acadèmia. Preocupat per la dificultat que la puntuació clàssica de l’hebreu representa per a les noves generacions d’israelians, l’autor planteja la possibilitat i la conveniència d’introduir una simplificació de la puntuació a fi de fer les coses més fàcils per a les generacions actuals i futures....
Influencia de las inteligencias múltiples en la elección de carreras profesionales en estudiantes de cuarto y quinto de secundaria
- Ríos Cubas, Victor; Supo Zapata, Luz
Objectives: To determine the multiple intelligences’ influence in choosing professional careers in the fourth and fifth students secondary on Peruvian education system. Methods: The research has correlational descriptive scope and crosssectional design. In the data collection was used instruments like the multiple intelligences test and the Angellini professional interests’ inventory. The research population has been formed by 13459 students using a statistical confidence level of 99% and 1.5% error in fourth grade and 1% error in fifth grade. Results: We found that students have more punctuation in intrapersonal intelligences (15.8%), logical-mathematical (14.1%), naturalistic or ecological (13.7%) and musical or rhythmic (12.9%) resulting in a total...
Lo público y la educación en América Latina: ideas, intereses y nuevas instituciones
- Tedesco, Juan Carlos
Mi contribución en esta oportunidad es poner este debate en un contexto no solo de Chile sino más general, a nivel de América Latina en su conjunto y luego relacionarlo con una parte del mundo desarrollado y en desarrollo, bajo la forma de este modelo de nuevo capitalismo en el cual estamos todos inmersos.En la dimensión histórica tenemos el tema de lo público; lo público ha cambiado históricamente y su significado ha cambiado en especial en la educación, ya que tenemos tres grandes momentos, el primero de ellos en el siglo XIX donde lo público estuvo asociado a la construcción...