Mostrando recursos 161 - 180 de 3.660

  1. Linguistic Meaning from the Language Acquisition Perspective

    Dikovsky, Alexander

  2. Spelling correctors to improve production and diffusion of linguistic knowledge

    Enguehard, Chantal
    International audience

  3. La représentation formelle des concepts spatiaux dans la langue

    Aurnague, Michel; Vieu, Laure; Borillo, Andrée
    In this chapter, we assume that systematically studying spatial markers semantics in language provides a means to reveal fundamental properties and concepts characterizing conceptual representations of space. We propose a formal system accounting for the properties highlighted by the linguistic analysis, and we use these tools for representing the semantic content of several spatial relations of French. The first part presents a semantic analysis of the expression of space in French aiming at describing the constraints that formal representations have to take into account. In the second part, after presenting the structure of our formal system, we set out its...

  4. A spatial analysis of residential land prices in Belgium : accessibility, linguistic border and environmental amenities

    Goffette-Nagot, Florence; Reginster, Isabelle; Thomas, Isabelle
    Working Paper GATE 2009-29

  5. Combinators for bidirectional tree transformations: A linguistic approach to the view-update problem

    Foster, J.,; Greenwald, Michael,; Moore, Jonathan,; Pierce, Benjamin,; Schmitt, Alan
    Preliminary version presented at the Workshop on Programming Language Technologies for XML (PLAN-X), 2004; extended abstract presented at Principles of Programming Languages (POPL), 2005

  6. "La emergencia de la personalidad del recopilador en las glosas del Vocabulario de refranes y frases proverbiales de Correas (1627)",

    Cazal, Françoise
    En el Vocabulario de refranes y frases proverbiales(1627), el recopilador Correas, en sus comentarios explicativos del sentido de las paremias, da testimonios lingüísticos y culturales de su tiempo, a través de los cuales se transparenta la percepción subjetiva del recopilador, su ideología, su entorno intelectual, su novela familiar, y el nacimiento de su vocación de erudito. El objetivo de este estudio no se limita a buscar entre los resquicios de los comentarios explicativos las huellas de la personalidad y los testimonios de la época del viejo Maestro coleccionista de refranes, también se preocupa por el modo con el cual se...

  7. A multi-software integration platform and support for multimedia transcripts of language

    Parisse, Christophe; Morgenstern, Aliyah
    Using and sharing multimedia corpora is a vital feature for research about language, but the number of different and often not easily compatible tools available makes this difficult to do. As the aims of the COLAJE project are to use multimodal linguistic data about language development in oral and sign languages, it was necessary to create a system (VICLO) that allowed sharing and using data coming from at least three different sources Clan (CHILDES), Elan (MPI) and Praat (U. of Amsterdam). For this reason, a multi-purpose storage format based on the TEI was created, which allowed us to store information...

  8. A fuzzy linguistic-based software tool for seismic image interpretation

    Valet, Lionel; Mauris, Gilles; Bolon, Philippe; Keskes, Naamen
    International audience

  9. Lexical Categories and Root Classes in Amerindian Languages

    Lois, Ximena; Vapnarsky, Valentina
    The problem of lexical categories and root class determination is fundamental in linguistic description and theory. Research on this topic has been particularly stimulated by studies of Amerindian languages. The essays in this collection, written by specialists in languages from South, Middle and North America, provide new insights into processes, levels, functions, and the aquisition of lexical categories, from various recent theoretical perspectives. The volume also addresses recent debates about root indeterminacy. Focusing on morphosyntax, phonology, and semantics, the contributions offer invaluable material for typological generalizations and for comprehension of the nature of the mental lexicon.

  10. Analyzing Animated Movie Contents for Automatic Video Indexing

    Ionescu, Bogdan; Lambert, Patrick; Coquin, Didier; Marin, A.; Vertan, C.
    In this chapter the authors tackle the analysis and characterization of the artistic animated movies in view of constituting an automatic content-based retrieval system. First, they deal with temporal segmentation, and propose cut, fade and dissolve detection methods adapted to the constraints of this domain. Further, they discuss a fuzzy linguistic approach for automatic symbolic/semantic content annotation in terms of color techniques and action content and we test its potential in automatic video classification. The browsing issue is dealt by providing methods for both, static and dynamic video abstraction. For a quick browse of the movie's visual content the authors...

  11. Multilateral Online Exchanges for Language and Culture Learning

    Lewis, Tim; Chanier, Thierry; Youngs, Bonnie
    This special issue of Language Learning & Technology gathers development in CALL: multilateral online exchanges for learning language and culture. Multilateral exchanges reflect the changing reality of language learning in a globalized world where prolonged and intensive contact with one additional culture has given way to more fleeting encounters with multiple cultures, mediated by Web-based communication tools. In the case of four of this special issue's articles, multilateral exchanges bring together groups of participants from two different institutions and countries. In recent years efforts have been made to expand the bilateral format to accommodate a multiplicity of partners and a...

  12. Effect of temporal parameters on the properties of texts produced by young writers: the case of the transposition of characters' words

    Plane, Sylvie; Rondelli, Fabienne
    The aim of this presentation is to present a part of a larger group of studies devoted to analyzing the different ways writers manage different levels of linguistic and psycholinguistic constraints. Our study focuses on the temporality of writing, as it constitutes a key parameter of writing, influencing the management of constraints by the writers. First, we shall present the system of linguistic and psycholinguistic constraints we have defined for methodological purposes in order to organize a description of the production output of writing that incorporates idiosyncratic variations and allows us to define styles of writing. In a second part,...

  13. Réflexion sur la prose d'idées dans l'Espagne des Lumières (1746-1808) : Les formes du discours sur le bonheur

    Marti, Marc
    En el periodo de la Ilustración española, el discurso ético, político y económico emerge en géneros tan variados como el informe administrativo, el proyecto de ley o el ensayo. Esos géneros empíricos, en el sentido en que no se trata de categorías literarias sino administrativas, podrían considerarse como "prosa de ideas". Proponemos definir el objeto "prosa de ideas" intentando delimitar sus características y las relaciones que establece con otras formas textuales en la producción escrita de la España ilustrada entre 1746 y 1808. Cabe también plantear el problema del material lingüístico que sirve a formar la idea y a realizarla...

  14. Towards a formalization of the Linguistic Conditional Preference networks

    Truck, Isis; Malenfant, Jacques
    Article paru dans le numéro spécial "Modern Tools of Industrial Engineering: Applications in Decision Sciences".

  15. Conceptual modelling of multi-facets items: Between polysemy and vagueness

    Rudel, Audrey; Mazaleyrat, Hélène
    This communication is dedicated to multi-facets items (Cruse). "A facet is a word sense that is due to the part-whole structure of an entity and selected by a specific utterance context" (Evans). Firstly, we analyze the semantic pole of multi-facets items so as to elaborate a conceptual modelling within the framework of Langacker's Cognitive Grammar. Secondly, we suggest that the representation of multi-facets items can be integrated within the ambiguity-vagueness continuum proposed by D. Tuggy. By hypothesis, linguistic items are associated with an organized conceptual structure composed of numerous semantic pieces of information. More specifically, the structure of a multi-facets...

  16. Métrique et poétique du discours versifié

    Aroui, Jean-Louis
    Le mémoire se compose de trois parties : une synthèse de 100 pages ; un ensemble de 15 articles, totalisant 460 pages, tantôt publiés, tantôt inédits ; et une présentation des principales tâches d'animation scientifique accomplies par le candidat au cours des dernières années. La synthèse procède à un examen critique des éléments constitutifs du dossier : les articles, et les tâches d'animation scientifique. Les articles sont doublement discutés, selon le double plan suivant : I. Discussion thématique : les articles y sont répartis en cinq groupes : 1. Influence de la culture sur les formes métriques ; 2. Monographies métriques sur la deuxième moitié du XIXe siècle ;...

  17. Other-repairs in adult-child interactions: insights about adult's representations of children's linguistic development

    Leroy, Marie; Caët, Stéphanie; Yamaguchi, Naomi; Morgenstern, Aliyah

  18. Interpretation of temporality in Vietnamese narrative texts: linguistic and pragmatic factor

    Do-Hurinville, Danh Thành

  19. Online sentence processing in Swedish: Cross-linguistic developmental comparisons with French

    Kail, Michèle; Kihlstedt, Maria; Bonnet, Philippe
    Abstract disponible sur :

  20. Authorial presence in academic genres

    Poudat, Céline; Loiseau, Sylvain
    This paper considers different styles of authorial presence in linguistic and philosophical writings and looks in particular at personal pronouns in French which are regularly used to indicate the first person. Academic texts are analysed in philosophy and linguistics, showing that philosophical papers prefer a universalist stance, while linguistic papers choose less formal styles of self-reference, giving a personal or neutral flavour to the writing. The study shows how a sensitive analysis of a few pronominal choices can reveal genre differences that would be difficult to explain without the evidence.

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