Mostrando recursos 161 - 180 de 79.829

  1. Enseignement et apprentissage des homophones grammaticaux du CE2 à la 6e : bilan et perspectives

    Tallet, Christine
    The aim of this article is to study the spelling practice of pupils aged 8-12 facing the heterography of grammatical homophonic words distinguished by “l’accent grave” such as a/à, la/là, ou/où. The study of school textbooks shows on one hand, that this teaching is an heritage of the past and a school invention in order to help pupils to spell them properly and on the other hand, that the way of teaching them has not really evolved since the 17th century. They are usually taught in pairs or series based on same pronunciation. The results of the analysis of the...

  2. Enseignement du lexique à l’école primaire et modélisations linguistiques: exemples d’activités portant sur des verbes de déplacement strict

    Aurnague, Michel; Garcia-Debanc, Claudine
    This work deals with the articulation between linguistic modelling in semantics and data collected in classrooms of French primary school (9 to 12 year-old pupils), within the framework of a collaborative project. The protocol aims at assessing the effects of activities of verbs’ classification implemented as language training, on the variety and relevance of verbs’ uses when writing a story that involves “dynamic” location. The verbs under examination are intransitive or “indirect” transitive verbs of French referring to autonomous motions (i.e., non-caused motion; e.g., aller + Prep. ‘to go + Prep.’, arriver ‘to arrive’, entrer ‘to go in, to enter’,...

  3. L’orthographe: des systèmes aux usages

    Fayol, Michel; Jaffré, Jean Pierre
    The 40th birthday of the journal Pratiques offers us the opportunity to briefly review the situation of linguistic and psycholinguistic studies about orthography published during more or less the same period of time. In addition, we suggest some epistemological cooperation between the two domains. Psycholinguistics refers on linguistics to elaborate its working hypothesis and, on the other side, linguistics may draw its inspiration from psycholinguistics in order to reexamine its theoretical approaches.

  4. Les recherches en didactique du français langue première sur l’enseignement de la production écrite de 1974 à 2014 dans les revues Pratiques et Repères: consensus, controverses et points aveugles

    Garcia-Debanc, Claudine
    This study aims to highlight the historical evolution of consensus points and controversies as well as blind points. It is particularly interested in the definition of the writing activity in relation to the implicitly or explicitly preferred reference practices, the theoretical frameworks chosen to conduct the analyzes, the instructions for writing and the genres worked in class at the different levels of the curriculum, the evaluation criteria used for rewriting, and the levels of analysis of language present or absent in the organization of the work of rewriting. For each of the historical periods identified, the shared representations and the...

  5. 40 ans de linguistique textuelle et didactisation du français langue étrangère

    Lundquist, Lita
    The article presents different models from the 40 years history of Scandinavian text linguistics and its didactic application for teaching French as a foreign language, ending with combining the structural and the procedural approach in a model for reading academic texts in French. It is shown how text linguistics can be naturally extended to also comprise cognitive and cultural aspects; this is illustrated by the systematic comparison of Danish and French languages, belonging to Germanic and Romance languages respectively, a linguistic comparison which shows interesting differences also in the way Danes and French think and make texts. On a more...

  6. An approach to CLIL teacher language awareness using the Language Triptychh

    Martín del Pozo, María Angeles
    CLIL teacher training is one of the main challengingconcerns of both CLIL theorists andpractitioners. This paper aims to contribute to thefield by providing an example of a needs analysisfor CLIL teacher training regarding linguistic requirementsof teaching content subjects throughEnglish. The theoretical framework underlying thisproposal is the Language Triptych (Coyle et al.,2010) and the dichotomy BICS/CALP (Cummins,1984). Open questionnaires were administered tosix teachers involved in a bilingual degree at Universidadde Valladolid. Data were also gatheredfrom informal interviews. The references to linguisticissues present in their responses are classifiedaccording to the three elements of the LanguageTriptych (language of /for/ through learning) or theBICS/CALP...

  7. La formación del profesorado de educación primaria para CLIL: innovación por medio de la colaboración

    Pavón Vázquez, Víctor; Delicado Puerto, Gemma
    The escalating number of bilingual schools inSpain has provoked an unsustainable demand offield professionals. As a result, higher education isimplementing bilingual teacher training programsat the bachelor level, which are aimed at preparingprimary education teachers for bilingual contexts.These degrees usually train prospective educatorsfrom a linguistic standpoint and may not guidestudents in methodological principles that promotesuccessful integration of subject and languagework. A shift of focus on the training of thesefuture teachers could be adopted based on thedevelopment of student teachers’ linguistic andmethodological professional capacities in order toqualify them to be successfully incorporated in abilingual professional context. This study analyzesthe implementation of a...

  8. Evaluating CLIL programmes: instrument design and validation

    Pérez Cañado, María Luisa
    This article presents the three sets of questionnaireswhich have been originally designed andvalidated within a broader governmentally-fundedresearch project to determine how CLIL schemesare playing out across a broad array of contexts(Primary and Secondary Education; urban andrural settings; public and private schools; with teachers,students, and parents). They are the firstqualitative instruments whose design has beenbased on recent research outcomes and whichhave undergone a carefully controlled double-foldpilot process for their validation (external ratingsapproach and pilot phase with a representativesample of nearly 300 subjects). After characterizingthe questions included in the surveys,along with their format and chief categories, thearticle goes on to describe the...

  9. La vida de la escritura (y III). Escritura y necesidades educativas especiales

    García Velázquez, Alfonso
    En este artículo se analizan todos los factores que podemos considerar en los procesos de enseñanza y aprendizaje de la escritura y la lectura en los niños con necesidades educativas especiales. Factores madurativos, somáticos, psíquicos o neurológicos, sociales y educativos. Se da un repaso y analizan las capacidades intervinientes en el sistema de procesamiento lingüístico de la lectura y la escritura. Capacidades como el análisis acústico, el análisis visual, el procesamiento léxico, el procesamiento semántico y los proceso motores que nos llevan a reproducir o copiar las letras y las palabras. Comparamos las rutas seguidas durante el proceso lector (decodificación)...

  10. Nuevos enfoques en la Didáctica del Español y la Literatura

    Rodríguez Carnet, Gredert Liz
    This article discusses the new trends that are assumed in the teaching of Spanish and Literature from resuming the relationship between thought and language, takinginto account the knowledge of man, closer and closer education in these matters to new psychological and linguistic concepts.We performed a comparative analysis of the new entity communicative and sociocultural cognitive approach and the previous functional communicative, but takes up the latter, its methodological principles.

  11. El trabajo metodológico: una alternativa para elevar la competencia profesional del profesor de Inglés

    Quevedo Palomo, Iraida; Andrews Puentes, Maritza
    Precise indications are offered in this article about the work teachers of English should carry out, starting from some considerations related to the teaching learning process of English and its peculiarities. The paper also makes reference to the linguistic and methodological principles, their mastery and the methodological implications to achieve a better management of the teaching learning process of English and the communication expected to be present in the process, apart from the fact that it permits to reinforce the professional motivation in trainee teachers.

  12. Opacidad referencial y atribución intencional a animales sin lenguaje

    Danón, Laura this paper I examine Davidson’s argument from referential opacity against the attribution of thoughts to non-linguistics animals. I will begin by reconstructing the strongest version of the argument — i.e., the one which is better suited to overcome the different objections that have been raised against it. Once that is done, I will also object this version arguing, in a nutshell, that the fact that non-human animals lack language does not preclude us from acquiring some knowledge (although such knowledge may be partial) of their mental contents. Thus, I conclude that the argument from referential opacity fails to support...

  13. Gramática Moral Universal: controvérsias a respeito da analogia linguística

    Vargas Rex, Roger Valério de The aim of this paper is to confront the main arguments employed by advocates of Universal Moral Grammar (UMG) with the results obtained in empirical studies from different fields of cognitive science and also with constructivist arguments proposed by Prinz and Sterelny, among others. From this analysis, I conclude that the Poverty of the Stimulus Argument is unconvincing when applied to the field of morality. The research with the trolley problems, often used to support the existence of UMG, is also insufficient to sustain the thesis that morality works similarly to language, especially when the existence of simpler explanations is...

  14. Aproximaciones lingüísticas a la hipótesis de la modularidad de la mente

    Reyes Tejedor, Mariano
    In this article we argue that linguistic evidence, particularly coming from language athologies, point out that Fodor’s Modularity of Mind Hypothesis is too strong. In its place we defend a weaker version of it, meaning that the language faculty is not conditioned by any specific sensorial modality, as signed languages show, and where modular systems can interact among them

  15. Leandro Moratín en Italia, "La commedia nuova" (1795): traducción, polémica teatral y apropiación textual

    Quinziano, Franco
    The Hispanist, critic and theatre translator Pedro Napoli Signorelli, has translated to the Italian language four of the five comedies of his friend, the famous Spanish dramatist Leandro Fernández de Moratín. The study examines the Italian translation of the Comedia nueva (1795), stressing on the process of 'apropiación textual' that Signorelli carries out. Although the comedy is revealed respectful as much in the linguistic plane as in the one of the subjects and contents, Signorelli changes some dialogues in the ending scenes, moving partially away of the original text.Through these modifications he emphasizes some humorous and satirical characteristics of the...

  16. Lingua spagnola e italiana a confronto nelle antologie poetiche del secondo cinquecento: note su alcuni sonetti in castigliano di autori italiani nel "Tempio" per Giovanna D’aragona (1555) e nelle "Rime et versi" per Giovanna Castriota Carafa (1585)

    Lefèvre, Matteo
    In this essay we analyse through a historical and lexical approach an important problem of Spanish and Italian Renaissance history of poetry and language. Since the second part of the Sixteenth century, in some poetical anthologies published in Italy, together with the 'classical sonetti' and 'canzoni', we find some poems 'a la manera italiana' written in Spanish language. The authors of these lyrics are, most of all, Italian poets, who show a deep acknowledgement of Castilian language, certainly due to the daily relations that they had with Spanish literates, captains and ambassadors living in Italy because of the needs of the...

  17. La ficción como coartada del Apátrida: un "Milagro informal" de Fernando Iwasaki

    Camacho Delgado, José Manuel
    The article analyzes the book of short stories entitled “Un milagro informal” (2003) (An Informal Miracle), written by the Hispano-Peruvian author Fernando Iwasaki, in the context of the new trends in Peruvian narrative literature. In a sense, the book’s table of contents allows us to realize that Iwasaki has selected the most representative tales from his genre of short-story telling. Besides, he has anthologized himself and has introduced new tales that provide evidence of a clear evolution in his literary work. Thus, he eliminates any kind of boundaries, not only in those aspects involving subject matters and styles, but also in...

  18. Hacer ciencia para comunicar ciencia desde 1º de ESO: aprender a pensar, leer, realizar, hablar y escribir ciencia

    Menoyo Díaz, María del Pilar
    This  article  presents  the  project  \Doing  science  in  order  to  communicate  about  science  from  1st  course of ESO : learning to think, to read, to make to communicate and to write science", awarded with “Ethics and Science for schools" second price in 2015 by the Foundation Victor Grífols i Lucas. The project's aim is twofold: the first one is that students gradually achieve during the whole ESO's itinerary a high-quality scientific alphabetization from all the areas and thus acquiring scientific and linguistic competencies that qualify  them  to  ask  themselves  questions  that  can  be  answered  through  by  research.  Its  second  goal ...

  19. Hacia la concreción de un modelo de perfil profesional básico del profesorado de Ciencias, Tecnología y Matemáticas (CTEM)

    Quílez, Juan; Segura, Carlos; Cardeñosa, Manuel; Thibaut, Elena; Olmo, Julio; Crespo, Rafael; Azkárraga, José María
    In  this  work  it  is  both  discussed  and  provided  a  framework  of  specific  competences  that  may  serve  as a  guide  for  setting  up  an  ongoing  process  in  the  professional  development  of  Science,  Technology  and Mathematics  (STEM)  teachers.  The  fundamentals  of  the  TPACK  model  serve  to  base  the  theoretical background of this scheme, to which we have incorporated an additional feature which means to consider the linguistic (L) dimension, thus transforming it into the TPACLK model. The different detailed professional STEM capacities have been classified into six main sections. The two first points discussed establish the STEM disciplinary and didactic capacities;...

  20. Para além da normalização: aspectos discursivos das normas de padronização

    Lopes Dias, Daniella
    O objetivo deste artigo é refletir sobre as normas de padronização do texto acadêmico-científico sob o viés discursivo tomando como objeto de análise prescrições relativas ao uso de aspas e itálico, do discurso relatado e das marcas de pessoa. Toma-se como corpus orientações de duas editoras – uma de Minas Gerais e outra de São Paulo – e três manuais de normalização. A tese defendida é a de que a intervenção do revisor de textos vai além do sistema linguístico e das questões normativas.

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