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Nomenclatura Unesco > (57) Lingüística
Nomenclatura Unesco > (57) Lingüística
(CLUL) Talks Centro de Linguistica da Universidade de Lisboa
Nos proponemos en este artículo demostrar el estatuto no lingüístico sino referencial de la sinonimia, por lo cual preferimos el término de co-"referencialidad". Para conseguirlo, vamos a poner en perspectiva verbos que pueden conmutar en discurso tales por ser muy próximos desde un punto de vista semántico : sitiar, cercar et asediar. Ahora bien, después de detectar las particularidades submorfológicas de cada uno, intentaremos establecer una correspondencia con sus divergencias en discurso, que podemos claramente imputar a las diferencias de significados (en sentido saussureano).
Ingraham, Bruce; Chanier, Thierry; Emery, Chris
The principal aim of the CAMILLE project is the development and delivery of hypermedia courseware in Dutch, Spanish, French and English. It encompasses the training of general linguistic competencies for beginners (Dutch and Spanish) as well as competencies related to the use of language for specific purposes (French and English). The target audiences include students in science or business, or technicians or engineers from SMEs. In order to achieve its goals, the CAMILLE project (computer-aided multimedia interactive learning environment) is building on the expertise gained at the University of Teesside during the development of its hypermedia course in basic French....
Saddour, Inès; Wigham, Ciara R.; Chanier, Thierry
Ce manuel explique la transcription pour des données recueillies dans l'environnement Second Life utilisant le logiciel ELAN (EUDICO Linguistic ANnotator) .Ce manuel a été élaboré dans le cadre du projet européen ARCHI21* par des chercheurs du Laboratoire de Recherche sur le Langage, Université Blaise Pascal. La méthodologie employée pour la transcription multimodale s'appuie sur notre recherche antérieure (Ciekanski & Chanier, 2008) et sur la méthodologie de constitution des corpus d'apprentissage LETEC (LEarning and TEaching corpora; Mulce, 2010). *Architectural and Design based Education and Practice through Content and Language Integrated Learning using Immersive Virtual Environments for 21st Century Skills -EU Education...
Abstract. Es conocida la sentencia saussureana según la cual "la lengua es un sistema" (Cours de linguistique générale, Paris, Payot, 1922, passim). La idea, concepto fundamental de la lingüística estructural y uno de los principales estandartes de la teoría y del pensamiento de Saussure, es frecuentemente citada dentro y fuera de la lingüística, y constituye sin dudas una de las piezas claves del pensamiento europeo contemporáneo. La presente contribución se propone interrogar y discutir un elemento relacionado con, aunque distinto de, la idea en cuestión. Nos proponemos destacar, en efecto, la emergencia en Saussure de la idea de "sistematicidad" no...
Juanals, Brigitte; Lafréchoux, Martin; Minel, Jean-Luc
Sleem-Amer, Mona; Bigorgne, Ivan; Brizard, Stéphanie; Daio Pires Dos Santos, Leeley; El Bouhairi, Yacine; Goujon, Bénédicte; Lorin, Stéphane; Martineau, Claude; Rigouste, Loïs; Varga, Lidia
Over the last years, research and industry players have become increasingly interested in analyzing opinions and sentiments expressed on the social media web for product marketing and business intelligence. In order to adapt to this need search engines not only have to be able to retrieve lists of documents but to directly access, analyze, and interpret topics and opinions. This article covers an intermediate phase of the ongoing industrial research project 'DoXa' aiming at developing a semantic opinion and sentiment mining search engine for the French language. The DoXa search engine enables topic related opinion and sentiment extraction beyond positive...
The article raises the question of qualitative filters in the construction of meaning in English texts, using the theoretical tools of Culioli's Théorie des Opérations Prédicatives et Énonciatives. Two sets of linguistic markers are analyzed showing two kinds of what the author calls "linguistic violence" at play in the construction of subjective nuances: (i) the violence of the linguistic system itself, which imposes specific forms to speakers (for instance now and then vs. every now and then) depending on the factual or neutral, quantitative vs. valuation-oriented, qualitative contexts, without the speakers being aware of such 'rules'; (ii) the violence which...
Trevise, Anne; Sekali, Martine
The volume addresses the description of meaning construction processes, and the necessity for new linguistic interface-tools to analyze it in its dynamic and multi-dimensional aspect. Syntax, grammar, prosody, discourse organization, subjective and situational filters are not considered as autonomous systems; on the contrary, they are shown to systematically converge in the process of meaning construction and interpretation.
Cogis, Danièle; Bourdin, Béatrice; Foulin, Jean-Noël
The aim of this paper is to present a review of psycholinguistic studies designed to examine the impact of transcription skills in written text compositions and to compare psycholinguistic and linguistic results about the issue of number agreement, with some didactical implications. In psycholinguistics, the issue of the impact of handwriting and spelling skills on the quality and management of written text production was renewed by developmental models of composing. Handwriting and spelling appeared to be as two main cognitive constraints during text production in any novice writer. A great number of research was devoted to assess the influence of...
Rinck, Fanny; Boch, Françoise
One of the most important features in higher education is its relationship with research activity and there is a need for training in 1) research writing (teaching research genres for research students), 2) more widely, research-based genres (teaching research-based genres for undergraduate students, to improve their abilities to think critically through writing). For several years*, our approach has been to provide a linguistic description of French textual genres at different levels of expertise so as to better understand the requirements of research genres and research-based genres and the difficulties among novice students and research students. In this paper, we propose...
Dufour, Françoise; Rinck, Fanny; Bensafi, Moustafa; Poncelet, Johan; Barkat-Defradas, Melissa; Tillmann, Barbara; Rouby, Catherine
Bernhard, Delphine; Cartoni, Bruno; Tribout, Delphine
Morphology is a key component for many Language Technology applications. However, morphological relations, especially those relying on the derivation and compounding processes, are often addressed in a superﬁcial manner. In this article, we focus on assessing the relevance of deep and motivated morphological knowledge in Natural Language Processing applications. We ﬁrst describe an annotation experiment whose goal is to evaluate the role of morphology for one task, namely Question Answering (QA). We then highlight the kind of linguistic knowledge that is necessary for this particular task and propose a qualitative analysis of morphological phenomena in order to identify the morphological...
Abeillé, Anne; Godard, Danièle
We present a new reference Grammar of French (La Grande Grammaire du français), which is a collective project (gathering around fifty contributors), producing a book (about 2200 pages, to be published en 2011) and associated databases. Like the recent reference grammars of the other Romance Languages, it takes into account the important results of the linguistic research of the past thrity years, while aiming at a non specialist audience and avoiding formalization. We differ from existing French grammar by being focused on contemporary French from a purely descriptive point of view, and by taking spoken data into account. We include...
Bîlbîie, Gabriela; Laurens, Frédéric
French and Romanian verbless relative adjuncts are incidental adjuncts which have been described as elliptical relative clauses. We show that this analysis is not empirically adequate and propose an alternative non-elliptical analysis. We analyze verbless relative adjuncts as sentential fragments whose head can be a cluster of phrases. They are marked by a functor phrase which displays selection properties with respect to the head phrase and makes an essential contribution to the semantics of the adjunct. The analysis relies on the interaction of grammatical constraints introduced by various linguistic objects, as well as on a constructional analysis of verbless relative...
Bonami, Olivier; Godard, Danièle
Bonami, Olivier; Godard, Danièle
Direct quotation raises three major problems for grammatical modelling: (i) the variety of quoted material (which can be a non linguistic behavior, or a sign in a different language), (ii) the embedding of an utterance inside another one, (iii) a special denotation, the content of the quotation being the utterance itself. We propose a unary rule, which turns the quoted material into a linguistic sign whose content is itself a behavior, which entertains a resemblance relation to the behavior demonstrated by the speaker. Syntactically, direct quotation comes in two varieties: it can be the complement of a quotative verb, or...
This paper proposes a new look at the so-called 'present-perfect puzzle'. It suggests that it is in fact part of a bigger problem, concerning all tenses in a language situating an event one step before the moment of utterance. I argue that present perfects compete with simple past tenses, and that the distribution of these tenses shows signs of the impact of this competition. The outcome of the competition is argued to be heavily dependent on which of the two tense-forms is the default. A pragmatic theory is proposed which accounts for the reduced distribution of the present perfect in...
Communication au colloque de la la Linguistic Association of Great-Britain (LAGB 2011). 7-10 septembre 2011. Manchester, Royaume-Uni