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Nomenclatura Unesco > (57) Lingüística

Mostrando recursos 181 - 200 de 54,075

181. La canción de autor como instrumento comunicacional en un contexto educativo intercultural y multilingüe - Carrión Tavárez, Ángel
Esta investigación trata sobre la canción de autor y la forma en que un cancionero de este género puede utilizarse, como instrumento para la comunicación y el intercambio de conocimiento, en un ambiente educativo intercultural y multilingüe. Se examina la aplicación y utilidad de recursos auténticos e innovaciones pedagógicas, para la enseñanza de y el aprendizaje en una lengua extranjera, contextualizado en la cultura. El trabajo explora las posibilidades de explotación didáctica de una selección de canciones de autor y valora el provecho obtenido por un grupo de estudiantes de ascendencia hispana, de Estados Unidos de Norteamérica, en la Universidad...

182. The Psycholinguistics of Literacy in a Flat World - Alice S. Horning
If Friedman is right that the world is “flat, ” we need to understand the linguistic implications of that claim. In this increasingly flat world, classical critical literacy is both urgently needed and poorly understood from a linguistic perspective. Three claims based on research on reading can improve both the understanding of the common psycholinguistic features of literacy and the practice of critical literacy: The first claim is that in this flat world, psycholinguistic research on literacy shows that humans ’ underlying abilities are constant from page to screen, drawing on basic cognitive and linguistic processing mechanisms including recognition, identification,...

183. Development of Linguistic Ontology on Natural Sciences and Technology - Dobrov B; Loukachevitch N
The paper describes the main principles of development and current state of Linguistic Ontology on Natural Sciences and Technology intended for information-retrieval tasks. In the development of the ontology we combined three different methodologies: development of information-retrieval thesauri, development of wordnets, formal ontology research. Combination of these methodologies allows us to develop large ontologies for broad domains. 1.

184. 1 A New Approach for Forecasting Technique with DNA Computing - Don Jyh-fu; Jeng Junzo; Watada Berlin Wu
In the empirical study, we demonstrated a novel approach to forecast the exchange rates through DNA computing. The mean absolute forecasting accuracy method is used in evaluating the performance of linguistic forecasting and the comparison with the ARIMA model are also illustrated.

185. Orthographic structure and deaf spelling errors: Syllables, letter frequency, and speech. The Quarterly - Andrew C. Olson; Alfonso Caramazza
Zukowski, 1988). This may seem unsurprising since hearers closely associate written and spoken words. We analysed a corpus of spelling errors made by deaf students. They would have learned English orthography with an attenuated experience of speech. We found that the majority of their errors were phonologically implausible but orthographically legal. A tendency to replace uncom-mon letter sequences with common sequences could not account for this pattern, nor could resid-ual influence from speech. Since syllabically defined constraints are required to keep sequences orthographically legal, the deaf data are marked by an influence of syllable structure. Two main conclusions follow: (1)...

186. $rec.titulo - Christina M. Esposito
1The effects of linguistic experience on the perception of phonation

187. 1 In pursuit of the ‘third code’: Using the ZJU Corpus of Translational Chinese in translation - Richard Xiao; Lianzhen He; Ming Yue
Since the 1990s, the rapid development of the corpus-based approach in linguistic investigation in general, and the development of multilingual corpora in particular, have brought even more vigor into Descriptive Translation Studies (DTS) (cf. McEnery, Xiao and Tono 2006: 90-95). As Laviosa (1998a: 474) observes, ‘the corpus-based approach is evolving, through theoretical

188. Originally published in: Acta Linguistica Hafniensia 24 (1992), 97-108. ON THE MEANING OF THE JAPANESE PASSIVE - Frederik Kortlandt
In her discussion of the Japanese adversative passive, Anna Wierzbicka writes

189. $rec.titulo
The comprehension and correct use of German modal particles poses manifold problems for learners of German as a foreign language since the meaning of these particles is complex and highly dependent on contextual features which can be linguistic as well as situational. Following the premise that German modal particles occur with greater frequency in the spoken language, the article presents an analysis which is based on corpora representing spoken German. The concept "spoken language " is discussed critically with regard to the corpora chosen for analysis and narrowed down in relation to the use of modal particles. The analysis is...

190. On the structure of resultative participles in English. Linguistic Inquiry 35:3 - David Embick
The article examines the structure of resultative participles in English: participles that denote a state resulting from a prior event, such as The cake is flattened or The metal is hammered. The analysis identifies distinct stative participles that derive from the different heights at which aspectual morphemes attach in a verbalizing structure. The As-pect head involved in resultative participles is shown to attach to a vP that is also found in (a) the formation of deadjectival verbs and (b) verb phrases with resultative secondary predicates, like John hammered the metal flat. These distinct constructions are shown to have a shared...

191. Dynamic Vocabulary Adaptation for a daily and real-time Broadcast News Transcription System - Ciro Martins; António Texeira; João Neto
The daily and real-time transcription of Broadcast News (BN) is a challenging task both in acoustic and in language modeling. To achieve optimal performance, several problems have to be overcome. Particularly, when transcribing BN data in highly inflected languages, the vocabulary growth leads to high OOV word rates. To address this problem, we propose a daily vocabulary and LM adaptation framework which directly extracts new words based on contemporary written news available on the Internet and some linguistic knowledge about the words found on those news. Experiments have been carried out for a European Portuguese BN transcription system. Preliminary results...

192. 2000a) “Annotation and use of speech production corpus for building language-universal speech recognizers - Jiping Sun; Xing Jing; Li Deng
A corpus linguistic study is reported in this paper, guided by articulatory phonology and by general phonetic principles of speech production. A direct application of this study is the construction of Hidden Markov Model topologies for automatic speech recognition, taking into account integrated multilingualism with the consideration of the common physiological organs and processes involved in the production of speech sounds from the world’s languages. We demonstrate in this study that incorporation of speech production principles can provide effective constraints on pronunciation modeling for the purpose of building language-universal speech recognizers. 1.

193. The Language of Multiculturalism in South African Soaps and Sitcoms - Ian Barnard
This paper examines selected episodes from recent South African television sitcoms and soap operas in order to show how current popular culture in South Africa is working alongside political and social institutions to both chronicle the transforma-tion of the country into a multicultural democracy and imaginatively/materially create a New South Africa. Using cultural studies methodology and rhetorical analysis, I first explore the political meanings of popular local soap operas and sitcoms on South African television. Then I demonstrate the development of these programmes ’ political agendas in the deployment of multilingualism as a rhetorical device. My ultimate goal is not...

194. Academic literacies and the new orders: implications for research and practice in student writing in higher education. Learning and Teaching - Brian Street; Leung Lillis
MODELS OF STUDENT WRITING IN HE a. STUDY SKILLS: assumptions: student writing as technical skill and instrumental ‘atomised skills; surface language, grammar, spelling; pathology; critique: autonomous model; reductionist courses: College Composition; Remedial classes aims: fix it’; remediate; 'basics' sources: behavioural psychology; training b. ACADEMIC SOCIALISATION: assumptions: student writing as transparent medium of representation; focus on student orientation to learning and interpretation of learning task e.g. ‘deep ’ and ‘surface ’ learning critique; assumes one ‘culture’, doesn’t focus on institutional practices, change or power; misses rhetorical features of writing courses: Writing Support; Study Skills aims: inculcating students into new ‘culture’; sources:...

195. Procesos de codificación fonológica en adultos con bajos niveles de alfabetización: tareas de repetición de pseudopalabras - Benítez, María Elena; Borzone, Ana María
Este estudio forma parte de una investigación más amplia sobre los perfiles cognitivos y lingüísticos de jóvenes y adultos con bajo nivel de alfabetización. El objetivo de esta presentación es analizar un aspecto de dicho perfil: el procesamiento fonológico, atendiendo a sus habilidades para codificar, retener en la memoria operativa y producir una señal de habla. Se trata de indagar sobre estas habilidades a través de la repetición de pseudopalabras, tarea considerada como un indicador de procesos perceptivos y representacionales básicos, fundamentales para el aprendizaje del vocabulario, el procesamiento del habla, el aprendizaje de la lectura y la escritura, desarrollos...

196. Caudal léxico en alumnos universitarios. Implicancias para la interacción textual - Piatti, Vanesa; Fernicola, Alfredo; Melillo, Oscar Roberto; Peralta, Diego
En este trabajo se comunican los resultados preliminares de una investigación en curso. Específicamente se refiere a los resultados encontrados en pruebas de que examinan el caudal léxico, por el interés de sus relaciones con la interacción textual. En razón de ello en la elaboración de esta comunicación se ha tenido particularmente en cuenta el modelo de comprensión lectora proporcionado por Kintsch y Rawson (2005) sobre los diferentes niveles de procesamiento cuando se lee. Los autores destacan un nivel lingüístico o procesamiento de las palabras y frases particulares contenidas en el texto, según el cual el lector debe reconocer las palabras...

197. The same destination but different journeys: a comparative study between young gifted linguists and bilinguals which explores the learning, storage and retrieval of lexis - Stacey, Marie-Noelle
Studies in Foreign Language (FL) lexical acquisition have become more specialized since the development of Applied Linguistics. This study is multi-facetted and aims to investigate and analyse French vocabulary acquisition by two groups of successful young learners: gifted Language Two (L2) learners and young English/French ‘choice’ bilinguals in comparison with a group of L2 learners. The term choice bilingual is used to refer to a specific type of bilingual which is an under-researched group. The research identifies the similarities and differences between the groups in the storage of and access to L2 lexis and in their working memory. It determines...

198. Indicadores clave de gestión sobre la experiencia del cliente: un estudio basado en fuzzy text mining - Nicolás Alarcón, Carolina
El propósito de la investigación es avanzar en la teoría sobre Indicadores de Gestión Difusos sobre experiencia del cliente, proponiendo un modelo de proceso de análisis de datos que plantea evaluar y validar continuamente los distintos indicadores. Las técnicas de análisis utilizadas fueron: Análisis Factorial Exploratorio (AFE), Análisis Factorial Concluyente (AFC) y Modelo de Ecuaciones Estructurales (SEM); y finalmente la identificación de los indicadores difusos mediante el modelo de inferencia difusa Mamdani. Softwares utilizados Matlab y AMOS. El estudio contribuye con evidencia empírica, que permite señalar que es posible definir un modelo teórico explicativo sobre indicadores de desempeño clave para la gestión...

199. 1The Distribution of Negative NPs and Some Typological Correlates - C. -t. James Huang
In English, a negative indefinite pronoun like nobody distributes like any other noun phrase, in that it can occur in any position in a sentence where a normal noun phrase or pronoun can occur: as a subject, an object, an object of preposition, a possessive specifier, etc., as illustrated in (1). (1) a. Nobody loves her. b. She loves nobody. c. She has spoken to nobody today. d. She depends on nobody’s support. This is also true of other negative NPs like no president, not a single time, etc., as seen in (2). (2) a She has spoken to not...

200. Eighteenth-Century Quotation Searches in the Oxford English Dictionary - Charlotte Brewer
The purpose of this paper is to shed light on the ways in which we can search the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) for evidence about words and their meanings, and about linguistic productivity at different periods in the language. I shall also look at how we may evaluate this evidence when we have uncovered it, and describe some of the findings of a recently established research project, Examining the OED


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