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Nomenclatura Unesco > (57) Lingüística

Mostrando recursos 181 - 200 de 47,150

181. Sebastiano Serlio: representación y proyecto en el Libro IV, (Venecia, 1537) : una revisión de la edición castellana de Francisco Villalpando, (Toledo, 1552) - Anguita Tuñón, Juan
A la vista de la actitud indiferente que la crítica literaria ha tenido y tiene sobre Serlio, circunstancia esta inducida por el tratamiento dado por Vasari al Bolognese en su célebre obra Le vite (Florencia, 1550); y siendo manifestada la influencia de sus primeros Libros, tanto en la arquitectura renacentista española, en general, como en la andaluza, en particular. El presente trabajo surge por la necesidad de revisar la aportación de Serlio a la tratadística clasicista; así como, para revalorizar la personalidad artística de esta figura histórica, en cuanto a la consideración que merece en la Teoría de la Arquitectura...

182. Enhanced Syllable Discrimination Thresholds in Musicians - Zuk, Jennifer; Ozernov-Palchik, Ola; Kim, Heesoo; Lakshminarayanan, Kala; Gabrieli, John D. E.; Tallal, Paula; Gaab, Nadine
Speech processing inherently relies on the perception of specific, rapidly changing spectral and temporal acoustic features. Advanced acoustic perception is also integral to musical expertise, and accordingly several studies have demonstrated a significant relationship between musical training and superior processing of various aspects of speech. Speech and music appear to overlap in spectral and temporal features; however, it remains unclear which of these acoustic features, crucial for speech processing, are most closely associated with musical training. The present study examined the perceptual acuity of musicians to the acoustic components of speech necessary for intra-phonemic discrimination of synthetic syllables. We compared...

183. Between Thought and Expression, a Magnetoencephalography Study of the "Tip-of-the-Tongue" Phenomenon. - Resnik, K; Bradbury, D; Barnes, GR; Leff, AP
"Tip-of-the-tongue" (TOT) is the phenomenon associated with the inaccessibility of a known word from memory. It is universally experienced, increases in frequency with age, and is most common for proper nouns. It is a good model for the symptom of anomia experienced much more frequently by some aphasic patients following brain injury. Here, we induced the TOT state in older participants while they underwent brain scanning with magnetoencephalography to investigate the changes in oscillatory brain activity associated with failed retrieval of known words. Using confrontation naming of pictures of celebrities, we successfully induced the TOT state in 29% of trials...

184. La lengua de las primeras gacetas vascas - Hoyo Hurtado, Mercedes del
Las primeras gacetas vascas datan del siglo XVII. Testigos de una época de la historia, la que nutre su temática, y de una etapa del idioma que emplean para la difusión de sus mensajes, son una nueva forma de comunicación: la periodística, que entonces disponía de un único instrumento: la lengua escrita; de ahí, el interés de analizarla para descubrir, no sólo un determinado uso lingüístico, sino el reflejo de un mundo y de un estilo diferente de contar cosas.

185. VII Congreso Internacional de Linguística Románica - Jiménez Delgado, José

186. Discurso y aplanamiento afectivo - Pardo, María Laura; Buscaglia, Virginia Luisa
In this paper we propose to investigate the so-called affective flattening (as understood by psychology and psychiatry) in subjects with psychotic�s symptoms in different contexts (Subjects are destitute people living on the street and patients at private and public asylums). The affective flattening is the inability of the person to react to objects, situations and people. These subjects present affective inability and therefore inability to express their emotions verbally. We question that when psychiatry includes speech, in their symptomatology descriptions, either in its exalted aspect, in what is called positive symptoms of psychosis, or its counterpart, poverty or lack of...

187. VII Congreso Internacional de Lingüística Románica - Díaz Ledo, Manuel

188. Aproximación al discurso sobre la prima de riesgo en los titulares de economía de la prensa española - Pano Alamán, Ana
One of the consequences of the social role played by media is their contribution to the development of certain images of the world through their discourses. By monitoring, correlating, and transmitting particular linguistic, textual and cognitive models they may guide our reception and interpretation of the news. According to the principles of critical epistemic discourse analysis and the framing theory, we aim at exploring the contextual models and, thus, the kind of knowledge conveyed by the Spanish press and more specifically, its headlines, in regard to the economic concept spread. A linguistic analysis of the syntactic dimension of the headlines...

189. Pensar lo social desde los " juegos de lenguaje" como posobilidad de la democracia: el momento wittgensteiniano en el pensamiento social y político de Ernesto Laclau y Chantal Mouffe - Guerrero Antequera, Manuel
Pensar lo social es una tarea ineludible de toda intervención social.Desde el siglo XX el ´giro lingüistico¨ha puesto a las ciencias sociales ante nuevos desafíos. Aquí se busca establecer algunas claves de lectura que pongan el "giro" producido entre la presencia sostenidad del tema del lenguaje, la comunicación y el discurso al interior de cierta reflexión social y política, que tiene una concepción del lenguaje ya no solo como "tema" de dicha reflexión, sino como condición misma de lo social y de la democracia.El "problema" del lenguaje excede con creces el ámbito de la reflexión social y política. Bien sea...

190. A new hybrid summarizer based on vector Space model, statistical physics and linguistics - Cunha Fanego, Iria da; Fernández, Silvia; Velázquez Morales, Patricia; Vivaldi, Jordi; SanJuan, Eric; Torres Moreno, Juan Manuel
In this article we present a hybrid approach for automatic summarization of Spanish medical texts. There are a lot of systems for automatic summarization using statistics or linguistics, but only a few of them combining both techniques. Our idea is that to reach a good summary we need to use linguistic aspects of texts, but as well we should benefit of the advantages of statistical techniques. We have integrated the Cortex (Vector Space Model) and Enertex (statistical physics) systems coupled with the Yate term extractor, and the Disicosum system (linguistics). We have compared these systems and afterwards we have integrated...

191. O não-alçamento das vogais médias na fala de Curitiba sob a perspectiva da sociolinguística quantitativa - Limeira, Larissa Roberta
Este trabalho se propõe a estudar o comportamento das vogais médias /e/ e /o/, em pauta pretônica, postônica e nos clíticos, na fala de uma amostra dos habitantes de Curitiba, usando como base a teoria da sociolinguística quantitativa, desenvolvida por Labov. O fenômeno de alçamento das vogais médias é bastante estudado na variação linguística do português brasileiro e o interesse em investigar esse comportamento na cidade de Curitiba é justificado pelo baixo índice de aplicação da elevação nos informantes dessa cidade, observada em estudos como os de Vieira (2002 e 2009). Esses estudos mostram que em Curitiba, os falantes contrariam...

192. O homem na língua : uma visão antropológica da enunciação para o ensino de escrita - Silva, Silvana
Esta tese tem como objetivo geral compreender os processos enunciativos que permeiam a atividade de ensino de escrita em contexto acadêmico. Temos como objetivos específicos os três seguintes itens: 1º) Elaborar uma revisão bibliográfica de trabalhos sobre ensino de escrita no Brasil, em geral, e sobre ensino de escrita em contexto acadêmico, de forma particular, a partir de critérios de leitura de ordem enunciativa, oriundos do texto O aparelho formal da Enunciação, de Émile Benveniste; 2º) Definir processos enunciativos implicados em qualquer ato de enunciação, em geral, e contextualizá-los, de forma particular, para o ensino de escrita, em especial em...

193. Variació funcional i expressió de l'evidencialitat en el català del s. XV: la traducció de Les paradoxa de Ferran Valentí - Antolí Martínez, Jordi M.
L’anàlisi comparativa de l’obra de Ciceró Paradoxa Stoicorum i la traducció del s. XV feta per Ferran Valentí és d’alguna utilitat des de la perspectiva lingüística. En aquest article, examinem un element d’interès per a la semàntica del català: l’expressió de l’evidencialitat mitjançant alguns verbs com jutjar, estimar, pensar, sentir, etc. En aquest estudi, observem com tradueix Valentí els verbs llatins en català i provem de reconèixer quins evidentials del català medieval són el resultat d’una interferència del llatí. L’objectiu és establir el valor evidencial de cadascun d’aquests verbs i fer així un primer acostament a l’expressió de l’evidencialitat en...

194. Selective and Invariant Neural Responses to Spoken and Written Narratives - Regev, Mor; Honey, Christopher J.; Simony, Erez; Hasson, Uri
Linguistic content can be conveyed both in speech and in writing. But how similar is the neural processing when the same real-life information is presented in spoken and written form? Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we recorded neural responses from human subjects who either listened to a 7 min spoken narrative or read a time-locked presentation of its transcript. Next, within each brain area, we directly compared the response time courses elicited by the written and spoken narrative. Early visual areas responded selectively to the written version, and early auditory areas to the spoken version of the narrative. In addition,...

195. Poder y representación social. Una aproximación al discurso de un líder del narcotráfico mexicano - Flores Treviño, María Eugenia
Today the situation in Mexico, due to drug merchandise, has created unexpected social actions: the head of a crime organization requests, in a radio conversation, a sought with the President (May 2009). In this article, the transcript document presented in the media its reviewed with the purpose to study the role of dialogical discourse from its social representation, which is affected due to the conditions of production and circulation of the discourse. Imaginary formations are also interesting in socio-ideological discourse of speakers in the situation of enunciation, because they disrupt the usual power relations. The linguistic actions were also considered...

196. Humanismo, filología y lingüística - Guillen, José

197. Evaluación del impacto de la capacitación con lógica difusa - Esquivel García, Renier; Félix Benjamín, Gerardo; Bello Pérez, Rafael
The intangible assets have become the main source of wealth creation and welfare within the knowledge economy. Human capital, as an inherent component in any company, is comprised of a group of variables that add value, therefore, its measurement is a focal point in the XXI century organizations. Unfortunately, due to the intangible and qualifying nature of some of its components, measurement and control of the human capital show some difficulties. This article proposes, through the use of tools based on fuzzy logic, the evaluation of the impact of training in companies, by applying the reasoning characteristic of fuzzy logic,...

198. Discursos de mano en mano (un estudio de caso de la indigencia en la Ciudad de México) - Barajas Mariscal, Libia Elena
In this article we present a case study of a corpus conformed by the messages used by a certain group of indigents in Mexico City to ask for charity within the City�s Public Underground Transportation System, the Metro. The starting point is a particular (representative, not exhaustive) collection of small pieces of paper ("papelitos"), which I have obtained from the indigents themselves since 2007. These "papelitos" contain brief written petitions and are handed out to the passengers waiting to receive some charity. Nonetheless the apparent meaningless character of these "papelitos", the analysis of their discourse offers a rich opportunity to...

199. ¿Dónde debe emplazar su ojo la historia? (In)visibilización de las y los jóvenes en discursos disciplinares que recuperan el pasado reciente chileno (1970 - Cárdenas Neira, Camila
In this article I seek to establish possible modes of ideological representation built around the young people through disciplinary discourses which recover the recent Chilean history (1970-1990). In order to do this, I select two texts (Salazar and Pinto, 1999; Correa et al., 2001) which have the capacity to define and give sense to the participation of diverse historical agents as well as to establish ways for society to explains certain controversial events in which this agents are involved; 1973 coup d�état that finishes the government of President Salvador Allende, and the subsequent military dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet are some examples. Such discourses are analyzed from...

200. Análisis crítico del discurso del Ministerio Internacional Iglesia Fuente de Agua Viva en Puerto Rico: un acercamiento etnográfico - Borrero Montalvo, Doris
This research project analyzes the linguistic structures and rhetorical strategies used in three different discourses of the Ministerio Internacional Iglesia Fuente de Agua Viva (The Fountain of Living Waters Church Internation al) (FAV, its Spanish acronym) 2 with the aim of identifying mechanisms that �legitimize the discourse and influence the thoughts (and, indirectly, the actions) of attendees� (van Dijk, 1993). Also, it wants to demonstrate how those strategies and structures are constantly used in the discourses of the church. The results of this analysis will enable us to detail the contextual conditions that make these religious discourses effe ctive. This research analyzes several aspects that shape part of these discourses departing from the theoretical...

 

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