- Zellig Sabbettai Harris
Language 75:1.112–119 (by permission) Zellig Harris died in his sleep on May 22, 1992. He served as president of the Linguistic Society of America in 1955, and was one of the half dozen or so American linguists whose work has had the greatest influence both in his own country and abroad. This obituary fills a gap that should have been filled much earlier, and it is an honor to have been invited to write it. Harris was born on October 23, 1909, in what was to become the Soviet Union, but he was brought to Philadelphia when he was four....
Fuzzy Color Space for Apparel Coordination
- Pakizar Shamoi A; Atsushi Inoue B; Hiroharu Kawanaka C; B Department Of Computer Science
Human perception of colors constitutes an important part in color theory. The applications of color science are truly omnipresent, and what impression colors make on human plays a vital role in them. In this paper, we offer the novel approach for color information representation and processing using fuzzy sets and logic theory, which is extremely useful in modeling human impressions. Specifically, we use fuzzy mathematics to partition the gamut of feasible colors in HSI color space based on standard linguistic tags. The proposed method can be useful in various image processing applications involving query processing. We demonstrate its effectivity in...
- Ana Zelaia; Olatz Arregi; Manuel Lardizabal
In this paper a different machine learning ap-proach is presented to deal with the coref-erence resolution task. This approach con-sists of a multi-classifier system that classifies mention-pairs in a reduced dimensional vector space. The vector representation for mention-pairs is generated using a rich set of linguistic features. The SVD technique is used to gener-ate the reduced dimensional vector space. The approach is applied to the OntoNotes v4.0 Release Corpus for the column-format files used in CONLL-2011 coreference resolution shared task. The results obtained show that the reduced dimensional representation obtained by SVD is very adequate to appropriately clas-sify mention-pair vectors....
Fuzzy Logic based Assessment Model Proposal for Online Problem-based Learning
- Abdulkadir Karacı
In this research, problem based learning over web is suggested. This model includes fuzzy logic and MYCIN trust factor. Through the model, MYCIN trust factor and the number of attempts to solve the problem are used in order to identify students ' learning levels. MYCIN confidence factor value and number of attempts to solve the problem are to be entered to fuzzy logic decision system. The output of the fuzzy logic decision system becomes the new level of learning. This level of learning is calculated through fuzzy logic in linguistic term as well as numeric expression. In every try, a...
- Chhattisgarh Andaman Etc
It is said that for the great Greek civilization, Geometry was the core science. For the older Indian civilization, Grammar (vyākaraṇa) is the core science. It was the first science to develop because it was needed to maintain and to understand the large body of intellectual texts such as the four knowledge texts, the Vedas, the numerous philosophical Upaniṣads, the prose Brāhmanas, the sociological Dharmaśāstras and the phonetic-linguistic Pratiśākhyas. India has been a knowledge society since the beginning, and for the Indian people jnāna, knowledge, is superior to action (karma) and worship (bhakti) and is considered as the great purifier....
Language bears, on the face of it, the promise of mathematical treatment.
- Andr Lentin; Universit Paris V; Z. Harris; Andr Lentin
The idea that language, by its very nature, requires the aid of mathematics for its study appeared as a leading idea very early in the work of ZelligHarris. As far back as 1946, in "From Morpheme to Utterance", by formalizing 'expansions' he introduced a hierarchical system of equations between linguistic categories, and he sketched the formulation of a grammar in terms of partially ordered homomorphisms. This was not the habitual way of seeing things at that time. This leading idea only became stronger in subsequent writings. Recall that the adjective mathematical appears in the very titles of three major works:...
Analysis of Modeling Techniques used for Translating Natural Language Specification into Formal Software Requirements
- Geet Sandhu
The prerequisite to any software development process is to first capture and understand the intended behaviour of the software solution based on the gathered requirements and understanding the constraints related to it. Hence requirement engineering becomes a very crucial step. Requirements are specified in Natural language by the user and it has to be translated to a formal representation for automating the requirement engineering process and also to uncover inconsistencies, ambiguities and perform conflict management in software requirements. This paper studies some existing models used for converting loosely specified natural language to a formal linguistic construct for software requirements. Observations...
How to Model a Likely Behavior of a Pedagogical Agent from a Real Situation
- Mohamedade Farouk Nanne
Abstract—The aim of this work is to model the behavior verbal and nonverbal behavior of a Pedagogical Agent (PA) can be integrated into an Intelligent Tutoring System. The following research questions were posed: what is the nonverbal component of an educational communication? How to study this component for a computational model of plausible behavior of a virtual agent? What correlations between educational actions and the direction of gaze of a human agent? To carry out exploratory work, a methodological approach based on multi-modal video corpus study was adopted. Within a multidisciplinary team consisting of computer scientists and didactics of mathematics,...
- Studia Linguistica Upsaliensia; Edited Anju Saxena; Åke Viberg; Karl Erland Gadelii; Elena Gorishneva; Lutz Gunkel; Susan Schlotthauer; Leonid Kulikov; Anju Saxena; Beáta Megyesi; Éva Csató Johanson; Bengt Dahlqvist; Luying Wang
An analysis of the formation of the Tajik vowel system...................... 65
using Duality Theorem for Knowledge Acquisition in Neigbouring Words
- Enikuomehin Toyin; Akerele Olubunmi
In this paper, we present an approach for structural classification of taxonomies for knowledge acquisition from Wikipedia using standard loose frameworks. Knowledge mapped from WordNet are assigned to corresponding patterns in Wikipedia such that the syse structure are automatically acquired for related patterns and then used for knowledge generation, achievable through Learning. The paper considers the theory of duality principle as posed in Hilbert spaces to describe the operation of two terms related by their linguistic classifications such as hyponyms. Results show that knowledge can be acquired with well formulated pattern, however a lot of gaps still exist which can...
ENGLISH TO MARATHI TRANSLATOR USING HYBRID APPROACH
- Ms. Swati Raut; Mr. Z. M. Shaikh
People of different linguistic background could not able to interact with each other. This concept of translation will help people to communicate comfortably. Also it will help to fill communication gap between two linguistically different back-grounds. It will help to the people in the villages, who have taken education of English. Majority of the Indian population is not familiar with English while most of the information available on web or electronic information is in English. So, to reach out to the common man across various sections and field, an automatic language translator is important. So the main objective of Machine...
2005a): Albanian in the Balkan Linguistic League: A Reconsideration of Theoretical Implications
- Victor A. Friedman
It is a fundamental principle of Albanian dialectology that the Geg/Tosk split represents the oldest and most significant dialectological division in the transition from Common Albanian to Albanian as it is historically attested. It is likewise a common place that Geg is the less “Balkanized ” of the two dialects. On the one hand, the preservation of a distinct optative mood, the remnants of the ablative and, dialectally, the locative, and the complex expression of possessives are pan-Albanian features that are in contrast to general Balkan developments. On the other hand, for example, while classic Balkanisms such as the conditional...
Trends in Extractive and Abstractive Techniques in Text Summarization
- Neelima Bhatia; Arunima Jaiswal
Text Summarization was proved to be an advantage over manually summarizing the large data. It condenses the salient features from the text by preserving the content and serves the meaningful summary. Classification can be done in two ways – extractive and abstractive summarization. Extractive summarization uses statistical and linguistic features to determine the important features and fuse them into a shorter version. Whereas abstractive summarization understands the whole document and then generates the summary. In this paper extractive and abstractive methods are framed.
The Emotional Effect of Semi Classical Carnatic Music using Linguistic Aggregated Fuzzy Relational Maps
- A. Victor Devadoss; S. Aseervatham
People’s primary motivation for listening to music is its emotional effect. Assigning musical emotion to a song segment in a deterministic way does not work well because not all people share the same feeling for a song. The success of becoming a hit song from the same raga song among people is its musical features within the song. The subjective nature of listening knowledge of human to different Carnatic raga perception suggests that fuzzy logic is a more appropriate tool for an unsupervised data. This paper deals with the Linguistic Aggregated Fuzzy Relational Maps which is the combination of the...
- Victor A. Friedman (chicago; Macedonian Dialectology; Eurology Areal
The relationship between areal linguistics and typology can be illuminated and clarified by Macedonian dialectology, especially in the context of Balkan linguistics. This is especially important in analyses of the Balkan linguistic league, which, as an areal phenomenon, should be seen in historical perspective. On the one hand, Macedonian dialectology helps clarify the graded nature of the phenomenon itself, and on the other helps demonstrate that Macedonian is the most Balkanized of the Balkan languages. In this paper I wish to examine the importance of Macedonian dialectology for a more precise understanding of the Balkan linguistic league in general, and...
© This edition vested with Pacific Linguistics. 361 16 Rice and the Austroasiatic and Hmong-Mien homelands
- George Van Driem
The locations of the Austroasiatic and Hmong-Mien homelands have been tied to the origins of Asian rice cultivation. The lexical evidence supports the view that ancient Austroasiatics and ancient Hmong-Mien were the first rice cultivators. Historical linguistic insights shed light on the possible geographical location of the two respective homelands.
Linguistic Society of America
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hension of sentences in spoken and printed form. The aim was to discover where speech and print streams merge, and whether their convergence is affected by the level of reading skill. The results from different analyses all point to the conclusion that neural integration of sentence processing across speech and print varies posi-tively with the reader’s skill. Further, they identify the inferior frontal region as the principal site of speech–print integration and a major focus of reading comprehen-sion differences. The findings provide new evidence of the role of the inferior frontal region in supporting supramodal systems of linguistic representation. Written...
“Mirativity ” does not exist: h dug in “Lhasa ” Tibetan and other suspects
- Nathan W. Hill
Largely through the efforts of Scott DeLancey the grammatical category “mi-rative ” has gained currency in linguistics. DeLancey bases his elaboration of this category on a misunderstanding of the semantics of h dug in “Lhasa ” Ti-betan. Rather than showing “surprising information”, linguists working on Tibetan have long described h dug as a sensory evidential. Much of the evi-dence DeLancey and Aikhenvald present for mirativity in other languages is also susceptible to explanation in terms of sensory evidence or appears close to Lazard’s “mediative ” (1999) or Johanson’s “indirective ” (2000). Until an independent grammatical category for “new information ”...
An Analysis on Hybridization in Arabi Malayalam
- Saidalavi Cheerangote
This paper is based on a small-scale study on the degree of hybridization in Arabi Malayalam language with special reference to “Bettilappattu ” and “Uhdupadappattu”, Arabi Malayalam works of Moyeenkutty Vaidyar. The study evaluates the linguistic data obtained from the literary works. Findings indicate that among the loan words, the frequency of Arabic words and Arabi Malayalam compounds are higher. It also analyzes the peculiarities of noun suffixes and identifies the grammatical features that contradict the standard Malayalam grammar. The findings can be useful in gaining a better understanding of the phenomenon of hybridization aspect in contact language situation and...