Mostrando recursos 181 - 200 de 3.539

  1. Medieval multilingualism in Poland: creating a corpus of Greater Poland court oaths (ROThA)

    Kopaczyk, Joanna; Włodarczyk, Matylda; Adamczyk, Elżbieta
    In this paper we introduce the research plan for the preparation of a searchable electronic repository of the earliest extant legal oaths from medieval Poland drawing on the expertise in historical corpus-building developed for the history of English. The oaths survive in the overwhelmingly Latin land books from the period between 1386 and 1446 for six localities Greater Poland, in which the land courts operated: Poznań, Kościan, Pyzdry, Gniezno, Konin and Kalisz. A diplomatic edition of the oaths was published in five volumes by Polish historical linguists (Kowalewicz & Kuraszkiewicz 1959–1966). The edition is the only comprehensive resource of considerable...

  2. The Legal Language of Scottish Burghs: Standardization and Lexical Bundles (1380-1560)

    Kopaczyk, Joanna
    The book offers an innovative, corpus-driven approach to historical legal discourse. It is the first monograph to examine textual standardization patterns in legal and administrative texts on the basis of lexical bundles, drawn from a comprehensive corpus of medieval and early modern legal texts. The focus is on Scotland, where Scots law, with its own nomenclature and its own repertoire of discourse features, was being shaped and marked by the concomitant standardizing of the vernacular language, Scots, a sister language to the English of the day. The study offers a unique combination of two methodological frameworks: a rigorous corpus-driven data...

  3. Binomials in the History of English: Fixed and Flexible


    Binomials, such as for and against, dead or alive, to have and to hold, can be broadly defined as two words belonging to the same grammatical category and linked by a semantic relationship. They are an important phraseological phenomenon present throughout the history of the English language. This volume offers a range of studies on binomials, their types and functions from Old English through to the present day. Searching for motivations and characteristic features of binomials in a particular genre or writer, the chapters engage with many linguistic levels of analysis, such as phonology or semantics, and explore the important...

  4. Parceria escola-família, contributo para a inclusão.

    Pratas, Maria Helena Guerra; Silva, Filomena
    Muitas crianças e jovens imigrantes têm insucesso escolar porque os currículos e os professores não estão preparados para respeitar e valorizar as diferenças linguísticas e culturais (Marques, 1997). Como consequência dessa lacuna, surge a desmotivação, a ausência e o abandono escolar precoce. Do envolvimento das famílias depende, em boa parte, o aproveitamento escolar dos alunos (Henderson,1987, Epstein, 1997, Davies et al., 1997, Zenhas, 2006, Sanches, 2007, Villas–Boas, 2000, Carvalho et al., 2006). O presente trabalho desenvolve-se no âmbito da implementação de um projecto de mediação familiar em contexto escolar. O objecto deste estudo é a análise de um estudo de caso: um Projecto de mediação familiar numa...

  5. Descent into Hell/John the Baptist's Prayer

    Rambaran-Olm, M.R.
    The Descent into Hell or John the Baptist's Prayer is one of a group of shorter religious, Old English poems contained in the Exeter Book. The 137-line alliterative poem focuses on a narrative involving John the Baptist as he awaits Christ's descent into hell on Easter-eve. Liturgical cues throughout the poem suggest that it may have been composed to accompany or replace a longer Easter sermon. Narrative, structural, and linguistic inconsistencies have led previous scholars to criticize various aspects of the poem with much of the scholarly critique focusing on the poem's inferiority in relation to other descensus narratives. However,...

  6. Translating Sicily for the German and French stage: Modern Europe, its periphery and the archaic in the first versions of Pirandello's "Questa sera si recita a soggetto"

    Segnini, Elisa
    In the last two decades, the task of the translator for the theater has been frequently discussed and translation has been recognized as an important element in the process of play production. In light of these developments, and keeping in mind that a translation, as a “politically and ideologically charged creative process of rewriting” (Krebs and Minier, 2009: 66), is always shaped by constrictions that go beyond linguistic and semantic criteria, this article examines and compares the Italian, German, and French dramatic texts of Luigi Pirandello's Questa sera si recita a soggetto and their relation to first productions in Germany...

  7. Developing a culturally-relevant genre-based writing course for distance learning

    Morrison, Brian R.
    Learners with seemingly adequate linguistic abilities sometimes write in ways that are inappropriate in particular situations. This impacts on the intended communicative purpose, and for exam takers, the outcome is underperformance. This paper outlines the development and implementation of a short distance writing course that was designed to improve writing through a genre-based approach to second language writing (K. Hyland, 2005) and evolved using good non-native writing samples as exemplar texts (Tribble, 2005) to draw attention to language, in this case for IELTS exam writing. A key element of the course was the submission of multiple drafts, thus allowing a dialogue to develop, which in turn encouraged...

  8. National cultural autonomy and linguistic rights in Central and Eastern Europe

    Prina, Federica; Smith, David; Molnar Sansum, Judit
    No abstract available.

  9. Neural dynamics of inflectional and derivational processing in spoken word comprehension: laterality and automaticity

    Whiting, Caroline M.; Marslen-Wilson, William D.; Shtyrov, Yury
    Rapid and automatic processing of grammatical complexity is argued to take place during speech comprehension, engaging a left-lateralized fronto-temporal language network. Here we address how neural activity in these regions is modulated by the grammatical properties of spoken words. We used combined magneto- and electroencephalography to delineate the spatiotemporal patterns of activity that support the recognition of morphologically complex words in English with inflectional (-s) and derivational (-er) affixes (e.g., bakes, baker). The mismatch negativity, an index of linguistic memory traces elicited in a passive listening paradigm, was used to examine the neural dynamics elicited by morphologically complex words. Results...

  10. Real-time functional architecture of visual word recognition

    Whiting, Caroline; Shtyrov, Yury; Marslen-Wilson, William
    Despite a century of research into visual word recognition, basic questions remain unresolved about the functional architecture of the process that maps visual inputs from orthographic analysis onto lexical form and meaning and about the units of analysis in terms of which these processes are conducted. Here we use magnetoencephalography, supported by a masked priming behavioral study, to address these questions using contrasting sets of simple (walk), complex (swimmer), and pseudo-complex (corner) forms. Early analyses of orthographic structure, detectable in bilateral posterior temporal regions within a 150–230 msec time frame, are shown to segment the visual input into linguistic substrings...

  11. Roman, Runes and Oghan: Medieval Inscriptions in the Insular World and on the Continent


    The book is a collection of essays of studies on medieval inscriptions by twenty-one authors. These inscriptions were written texts that existed outside the world of books and documents and were often publicly displayed before a broad audience in a durable medium such as stone or metal. Inscriptions are a rich and under-used source for the understanding of the diverse literate cultures of the Middle Ages, although they have stimulated much interesting research in recent years. Celticists, Anglo-Saxonists, oghamists, runologists, experts on medieval Latin epigraphy (the science of the study of inscriptions), students of brasses and other specialists have often...

  12. The afterlives of Nicholas Love

    Smith, Jeremy J.
    In recent years, historical pragmatics has extended its range to engage not only with lexical and grammatical features but also with other aspects of written text not generally considered ‘linguistic’. One such area is punctuation. This article investigates punctuation-practices in copies, both manuscript and in print, of an important late medieval English text, Nicholas Love’s Mirror of the Blessed Life of Jesus Christ, one of the most widely-circulated English texts of the fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries. It shows how changes in punctuation mirror wider social changes in a crucial period of cultural formation.

  13. The afterlives of Nicholas Love

    Smith, Jeremy J.
    In recent years, historical pragmatics has extended its range to engage not only with lexical and grammatical features but also with other aspects of written text not generally considered ‘linguistic’. One such area is punctuation. This article investigates punctuation-practices in copies, both manuscript and in print, of an important late medieval English text, Nicholas Love’s Mirror of the Blessed Life of Jesus Christ, one of the most widely-circulated English texts of the fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries. It shows how changes in punctuation mirror wider social changes in a crucial period of cultural formation.

  14. A multidimensional analysis of late Modern Englis scientific texts from the "Coruña Corpus"

    Monaco, Leidamaria
    Programa Oficial de Doutoramento en Estudos Ingleses Avanzados: Lingüística, Literatura e Cultura . 5018P01

  15. Semantic Relation Extraction. Resources, Tools and Strategies

    Garcia, Marcos
    [Abstract] Relation extraction is a subtask of information extraction that aims at obtaining instances of semantic relations present in texts. This information can be arranged in machine-readable formats, useful for several applications that need structured semantic knowledge. The work presented in this paper explores different strategies to automate the extraction of semantic relations from texts in Portuguese, Galician and Spanish. Both machine learning (distant-supervised and supervised) and rule-based techniques are investigated, and the impact of the different levels of linguistic knowledge is analyzed for the various approaches. Regarding domains, the experiments are focused on the extraction of encyclopedic knowledge, by...

  16. Intelligent retrieval for biodiversity

    Vilares, Manuel; Fernández, Milagros; Blanco, Adrián; Gómez-Rodríguez, Carlos
    [Abstract] A knowledge discovery and representation frame to mine contents in systems biology is described. It applies natural language processing to integrate linguistic and domain knowledge in a mathematical model for information management, formalizing the notion of semantic similarity in different degrees. The goal is to provide computational tools to identify, extract and relate not only data but also scientific notions, even if the information available to start the process is not complete. The interpretation basis is the conceptual graph, a formali sm for semantic representation that allows us to express meaning in a form that is logically precise, humanly...

  17. Studying the Effect and Treatment of Misspelled Queries in Cross-Language Information Retrieval

    Vilares, Jesús; Alonso Pardo, Miguel Ángel; Doval, Yerai; Vilares, Manuel
    [Abstract] The performance of Information Retrieval systems is limited by the linguistic variation present in natural language texts. Word-level Natural Language Processing techniques have been shown to be useful in reducing this variation. In this article, we summarize our work on the extension of these techniques for dealing with phrase-level variation in European languages, taking Spanish as a case in point. We propose the use of syntactic dependencies as complex index terms in an attempt to solve the problems deriving from both syntactic and morpho-syntactic variation and, in this way, to obtain more precise index terms. Such dependencies are obtained...

  18. Creación de un treebank de dependencias universales mediante recursos existentes para lenguas próximas: el caso del gallego

    García, Marcos; Gómez-Rodríguez, Carlos; Alonso Pardo, Miguel
    [Resumen] En este trabajo presentamos una nueva estrategia para crear treebanks de lenguas con pocos recursos para el análisis sintáctico. El método consiste en la adaptación y combinación de diferentes treebanks anotados con dependencias universales de variedades lingüísticas próximas, con el objetivo de entrenar un analizador sintáctico para la lengua elegida, en nuestro caso el gallego. Durante el proceso de selección y adaptación de los treebanks de origen, analizamos el impacto de propiedades de tres niveles diferentes: (i) la distancia entre las lenguas de origen y destino, (ii) la adaptación de características léxico-ortográficas, y (iii) las directrices de anotación entre...

  19. On conditionality: a corpus-based study of conditional structures in late modern english scientific texts

    Puente-Castelo, Luis
    Programa Oficial de Doutoramento en Estudos Ingleses Avanzados: Lingüística, Literatura e Cultura. 5018P01

  20. Diseño de una secuencia didáctica para el fortalecimiento de la producción textual a partir de la lectura y producción de historieta

    Taborda Maldonado, Olga Lucía
    El presente trabajo investigativo tiene como objetivo diseñar una secuencia didáctica para el fortalecimiento de la producción textual en jóvenes inscritos al Instituto Colombiano de Bienestar Familiar (ICBF), a partir de la lectura y producción de historietas, entendiendo esta tipología como una estrategia didáctica que estimule la producción textual de las historias vividas de los jóvenes. si bien la historieta y el comic se han visualizado como un objeto de disfrute en la lectura, esta investigación pretende demostrar que el uso de la historieta en contextos académicos no institucionales, no solo fortalece los procesos de producción escrita si no también...

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