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Nomenclatura Unesco > (57) Lingüística

Mostrando recursos 21 - 40 de 52,757

21. Linguistic Symbol Intraference in Textese and E-mailese: Implications for Teaching and Learning Standard English - Bode Ekundayo, Omowumi Steve
This paper examines how senders of text messages and informal e-mail redeploy linguistic symbols innovatively to communicate. Even a cursory look at an SMS text (textese) and informal e-mail (e-mailese) will show that its style is different from that of formal writing. Two thousand twenty text messages and five hundred informal e-mail were studied from June 2004 to May 2013 to establish how linguistic symbols intrafere; that is, how they are taken from their known and established areas of application and redeployed in text messages and e-mails, where they are not formally used. The texts and e-mails were analysed against...

22. Agency in the Reconstruction of Language Identity: A Narrative Case Study from the Island of San Andrés - Arias, Carlos Augusto
The adoption of the English language paradigm and the subsequent implementation of bilingual policies worldwide are generating new linguistic hierarchies. These have an effect on the linguistic diversity at the sub-national level and on individuals’ linguistic human rights. This article reports the results of a case study on an individual’s re-engineering of his in-group language identity. Through the analysis of a narrative written by the participant (Fidel), this article intends to show the effects of language ideologies on the discursive and sociocultural practices of a member of a raizal community from San Andrés (Colombia). As a multilingual individual surrounded by...

23. Conciencia silábica y conciencia fonémica : ¿Cuál es el mejor predictor del rendimiento lector? - Fumagalli, Julieta; Barreyro, Juan Pablo; Jaichenco, Virginia
Phonological awareness (PA) is an important factor during the reading learning process and is a strong predictor of future reading behave. In addition, it has been postulated that sensitivity towards some linguistic units such as syllable (syllabic awareness) would arise before beginning to read and other PA skills, such as phonemic awareness, would be a byproduct of learning to read. This research investigates the precursor role of PA in reading learning process and establishes which is the strongest phonological awareness ability to predict reading performance by assessing five year old non reading children with different phonological awareness tasks and a...

24. A retextualização como recurso didático para a produção textual - Bouzada, Cristiane de Paula; Alves Faria, Marta Deysiane; Silva, Adriana da
Based on the conception of retextualization as a production of a new text from one or more base texts, we report in this article a writing activity in which public high school students retextualized the genre chronicle into other oral and written genres. The activity allowed students to work on linguistic, textual and discursive strategies from the base text and to project them into a new situation of interaction. The results suggest that it is a responsibility of formal education to create conditions for students to understand and take ownership of textual genres to become competent Portuguese Language users.

25. O letramento crítico e o ensino de inglês: reflexões sobre a prática do professor em formação continuada - Santos, Rodolfo Rodrigues Pereira dos; Ifa, Sérgio
Fundamentado na pesquisa-ação e na abordagem do letramento crítico para o ensino, o presente artigo, de cunho teórico-reflexivo, discute aspectos constitutivos da abordagem do letramento crítico, bem como apresenta e interpreta uma atividade desenvolvida com alunos do 9o ano do ensino fundamental, por uma professora participante do projeto de formação continuada para professores de Inglês da rede pública municipal. Ao interpretar a atividade foi possível perceber que a prática de ensino da professora contribuiu significativamente não somente para o desenvolvimento das habilidades linguísticas dos alunos, como também para o desenvolvimento da consciência crítica dos mesmos via língua Inglesa.

26. Paradisi australi in bilico tra etero e autorappresentazioni: le isole francesi del Pacifico meridionale - Gavinelli, Dino
The South Pacific is a region still unimportant in the world scene, where there are islands which are extremely variable in size and are often gathered in archipelagos. Since it was long neglected by the processes of colonialism, the region has managed to preserve a rich environmental and cultural heritage, abundant and unusual in the European hetero-perception. The region was first considered as a far and wild paradise to tame and exploit in the name of geopolitics and the economy, and is now divided into two linguistic areas, English and French. This situation has not prevented the creation of narratives,...

27. Beijing - Jie Kathy Dong
This article explores the establishment of migrant identities through linguistic and sociolinguistic exchanges in a public school in Beijing. On the basis of ethnographic observation and metapragmatic discourses, the research demonstrates how the microscopic linguistic differences of migrant children index the cultural and metapragmatic factors at a linguistic-ideological level, and how such differences serve as a ground for the dialogical process of identity construction. Three vignettes illustrate this process. The first one presents a class observation in which a migrant pupil articulates a discourse on her own and her fellow-pupil’s identities. It demonstrates awareness of her rural and migrant identities...

28. Noun phrase structure and movement: A cross-linguistic comparison of such/sådan/solch and so/så/so - Johanna L. Wood; Sten Vikner
We investigate the etymologically related words: so and such (English); så and sådan (Danish); and so and solch (German). Similarities and differences that have to be accounted for cross-linguistically are i) position (pre- or post- indefinite article), ii) semantics (degree or referential readings) and iii) agreement morphology (in Danish and German). English such may have either a degree reading or an identifying (referential) reading (Bolinger 1972, Wood 2002) and may only precede the indefinite article. Danish and German allow inflected sådan/solch to follow the article. English and Danish so/så, only have a degree reading, while German so may be identifying....

29. Linguistic Summaries of Categorical Time Series for Septic Shock Patient Data - Almeida, Rui Jorge; Lesot, Marie-Jeanne; Bouchon-Meunier, Bernadette; Kaymak, Uzay; Moyse, Gilles
International audience

30. Fuzzy Linguistic Summaries: Where Are We, Where Can We Go? - Bouchon-Meunier, Bernadette; Moyse, Gilles
International audience

31. Linguistic summaries for periodicity detection based on mathematical morphology - Moyse, Gilles; Lesot, Marie-Jeanne; Bouchon-Meunier, Bernadette
International audience

32. Mathematical morphology tools to evaluate periodic linguistic summaries - Moyse, Gilles; Lesot, Marie-Jeanne; Bouchon-Meunier, Bernadette
International audience

33. Interpretability of fuzzy linguistic summaries - Lesot, Marie-Jeanne; Moyse, Gilles; Bouchon-Meunier, Bernadette
International audience

34. Composing questions - Kotek, Hadas
This dissertation motivates a new syntax and semantics for simplex and multiple wh-questions, concentrating on English and German data. The proposed theory combines Cable's (2007; 2010) Q-based syntax for wh-movement and pied-piping with a new and simple semantics that combines ingredients familiar from the literature in a novel way. I model the pair-list reading of the question as denoting a family of questions (Roberts, 1996; Hagstrom, 1998; Krifka, 2001; Buring, 2003; Fox, 2012; Nicolae, 2013, a.o.), and derive the pair-list and single-pair readings of the question from minimally different LFs. This theory naturally fits with existing analyses of the presuppositions...

35. A pragmatic analysis of errors in University students' writings in English - Mestre-Mestre, Eva M.; Carrió Pastor, Mª Luisa
The Communicative Approach, mainstream method in the teaching of foreign languages in the past forty years, is recommended by the Council of Europe by means of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CE 2001: 1): “It describes in a comprehensive way what language learners have to learn to do in order to use a language for communication and what knowledge and skills they have to develop”. As a result, language teaching is understood as the teaching of language as communication, based on three pillars; linguistic competence, sociolinguistic competence and pragmatic competence. Depending on their level of proficiency, students are expected to have developed their pragmatic...

36. Gothenburg Papers In Computational Linguistics - Robin Cooper; Robin H. Cooper
When information is exchanged in dialogue it is relevant to keep track not only of the information content about the domain of discussion but also information about linguistic events which are related to this content. Trying to formalize the situation theoretic approach to this has often involved us in rich and dubious ontologies. Here we blend ideas from situation theory together with work on dependent record types which has been conducted within Martin-L#f's type theory and suggest that this gives us a tractable way of characterizing information states that integrate information about semantic content and the linguistic utterances associated with...

37. Incorporating Syntactic Constraints in Recognizing Handwritten Sentences - Rohini K. Srihari; Charlotte M. Baltus
The output of handwritten word recognizers (HWR) tends to be very noisy due to various factors. In order to compensate for this behaviour, several choices of the HWR must be initially considered. In the case of handwritten sentence/phrase recognition, linguistic constraints may be applied in order to improve the results of the HWR. This paper discusses two statistical methods of applying syntactic constraints to the output of an HWR on input consisting of sentences/phrases. Both methods are based on syntactic categories (tags) associated with words. The first is a purely statistical method, the second is a hybrid method which combines...

38. Compounds: An Intelligent Tutoring System For Learning To Use Compounds In English - Paul Boucher Fr; Frédéric Danna; Pascale Sébillot; Eric Danna Et; Pascale S; Paul Boucher
: In this paper, we present Compounds, an Intelligent Tutoring System which can teach French students of English how to produce and understand lexicalised and newly formed compounds. This ITS must be able to detect the difficulties of each student and to provide him or her with an appropriate set of exercises to improve him or her weak points. Here, we focus on the creation of the expert model. We study different linguistic theories of the English compounding process and we build a representation of the expert model together with a generic model of the errors that French students make....

39. Transfer and Architecture: Views from Chart Parsing - Jan W. Amtrup; Arbeitsbereich Nat Urlichsprachliche Systeme; Fachbereich Informatik
The objective of this report is to describe the embedding of a transfer module within an alternative architectural approach for machine translation of spontaneous spoken language. The approach is cognitively oriented, i.e. it adapts some of the assumed properties of human language comprehension and production. The aspects to be modeled will include incrementality and robustness with respect to disturbances caused by the environment and performance phenomena of speech. Interaction between software modules is used to reduce ambiguity. The transfer stage of a translation system clearly has to obey these requirements to be an integral part of such a system. This...

40. Tagging French Without Lexical Probabilities - Combining Linguistic Knowledge And Statistical Learning - Evelyne Tzoukermann; Dragomir R. Radev; William A. Gale
. This paper explores morpho-syntactic ambiguities for French to develop a strategy for part-of-speech disambiguation that a) reflects the complexity of French as an inflected language, b) optimizes the estimation of probabilities, c) allows the user flexibility in choosing a tagset. The problem in extracting lexical probabilities from a limited training corpus is that the statistical model may not necessarily represent the use of a particular word in a particular context. In a highly morphologically inflected language, this argument is particularly serious since a word can be tagged with a large number of parts of speech. Due to the lack...

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