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Nomenclatura Unesco > (57) Lingüística

Mostrando recursos 21 - 40 de 64,115

21. Basic human values in a young group: advances in exploratory study - Lilian R. Daset Carreto; Ana E. López Martinera; Margarita N. Suero Girardi

This work is part of a wide area of Study, developed since 1998 and focused on Childhood and Adolescence. At first, the aim was to research the psychopathological profile of adolescents, with sociodemographic variables. Further on Competence, Coping and Values were added for an approach from the Positive Psychology (Dahlsgaard, Peterson & Seligman, 2005). This article presents the preliminar results of a youth sample of secondary level students (n=152), aged 12 to 18, male and female, belonging to a medium socioeconomical status. The instrument used for the study is the Basic Values Questionnaire, developed by Valdiney...

22. Minería de textos y de la web - Cagnina, Leticia; Ferretti, Edgardo; Villegas, María Paula; Garciarena Ucelay, María José; Burdisso, Sergio; Funez, Dario G.; Velázquez, Carlos; Errecalde, Marcelo Luis
Este artículo describe, brevemente, las tareas de investigación y desarrollo que se están llevando a cabo en la línea de investigación “Minería de Textos y de la Web” en el marco del proyecto “Aprendizaje automático y toma de decisiones en sistemas inteligentes para la Web”. La linea aborda diversas áreas vinculadas a la ingeniería del lenguaje natural, como por ejemplo el Procesamiento del Lenguaje Natural (PLN), la Lingüística Computacional, la Minería de Textos, la Minería de la Web y la recuperación de información de la Web. En el contexto de este proyecto por lo tanto, esta línea se centra en...

23. O fenômeno tradutório à luz da distinção semiótico/semântico na relação entre línguas : proposta de uma semiologia da tradução - Hainzenreder, Larissa Schmitz
Este trabalho tem por objetivo defender a viabilidade de uma Semiologia da Tradução a partir dos princípios semiológicos reservados à língua pelo renomado linguista Émile Benveniste. Para tanto, o fenômeno tradutório não é considerado senão pela relação entre línguas que o tradutor estabelece no exercício de seu ofício, sobre a qual a Semiologia da Língua e, por conseguinte, a própria Enunciação, frutos da reflexão benvenistiana acerca da linguagem, dão testemunho. A primeira o faz através do princípio de unidades significantes atestado nos modos de significação da língua, a saber, o semiótico e o semântico, cuja significância cede à língua o...

24. Buscando alternativa para a melhoria da produção textual no 4º ano : um estudo de caso Três Cachoeiras, - Silva, Marli Joaquim da
Este trabalho tem como tema a influência da produção textual na melhoria da aprendizagem em alunos de 4º ano do Ensino Fundamental, estimulando-os a fazer o uso da escrita de forma prazerosa e significativa, de escrever por prazer e não pela obrigação. O motivo pelo qual enfoquei esta temática foi a descoberta através da pesquisa e observação de como os alunos do 4º ano de uma escola da rede Municipal de Ensino apresentavam dificuldades com a escrita. Resolvi realizar um projeto em busca de sua identidade para despertar nos alunos a vontade de escrever, dentro da sua realidade e do...

25. Gobierno multinivel y políticas de integración de los inmigrantes en contextos de federalismo asimétrico: los casos de Cataluña y Quebec - Bensa Morales, Jessica
Esta investigación aborda el tema de la gestión de la diversidad cultural y lingüística proveniente de la inmigración en dos casos con presencia de nacionalismos minoritarios y desarrollos federales asimétricos como son Quebec-Canadá y Cataluña- España. Mientras Canadá es un país federal, España desarrolló un proceso de federalización desde la transición a la democracia, que además fue paralelo al desarrollo del Estado de Bienestar y que no ha terminado de ser reconocido como tal por todos los actores políticos y sociales, ni en el marco legal y constitucional. Ambos países sin embargo han experimentado desarrollos asimétricos para acomodar la diversidad...

26. La preposición διά en el griego del nuevo testamento. Ensayo de análisis semántico - Merino Hernández, Marta
LA PREPOSICIÓN διά EN EL GRIEGO DEL NUEVO TESTAMENTO. ENSAYO DE ANÁLISIS SEMÁNTICO Marta Merino Hernández Universidad de Córdoba La presente comunicación se centra en el análisis semántico de la preposición διά en el griego del NT, siguiendo la metodología usada para la confección del Diccionario Griego-Español del Nuevo Testamento (DGENT). Por tanto, se trata de un intento de arrojar luz sobre los significados de esta preposición en el NT desde un enfoque semántico-estructural. Nuestra intervención intenta paliar la escasa atención prestada al griego de la koiné y, en concreto, al utilizado para la composición del NT. Los más recientes...

27. La formación de palabras en la toponimia de las Islas Canarias : estudio estadístico y contrastivo - Benítez Rodríguez, Salvador Gregorio
Programa de doctorado de Lengua Española y Lingüística General

28. Branding Stratford: Social Representation and the Re-making of Place - Desiderio, Antonio
As part of the societal world, architecture and urban space do not have any 'objective' quality. They are representations. Their meaning is produced through the negotiation and interaction of individuals, groups and classes. Yet, such 'subjective' meanings do have a 'material' relevance, as they reflect a dialectical process between the functions, forms, ownership and practices of space. They reveal construal and construction: the way in which architectural spaces are represented on the one hand, and the way in which they are physically constructed and used on the other. Nowhere does this become more evident in our current society than in...

29. Doing new things with language: Narrative language in SLI preschoolers Ingrida Balčiūnienė, Aleksandr N. Kornev - Ingrida Balčiūnienė; Aleksandr N. Kornev
The paper deals with micro- and macrostructural static and dynamic narrative characteristics in specifically language-impaired (SLI) Russian-speaking preschool children and their typically-developing (TD) peers. The study was based on experimental data that included storytelling and retelling elicited by means of wordless picture sequences. First, individual measures of story structure, episode com- pleteness, internal state terms, story productivity, lexical diversity, and syntactic complexity, as well as the percentage of linguistic dysfluencies and errors, were evaluated and compared between the experimental and control groups. Second, the impact of such factors as session (1st vs. 2nd), story complexity, and mode (telling vs. retelling)...

30. Kust see laps need laulud võtab ehk keeleline sisend ja väljund luubi all - Helen Kõrgesaar; Airi Kapanen
"Where does the child get those songs: Linguistic input and output under the microscope" The article discusses the qualitative and functional peculiarities of caregiver speech and child speech, the importance of the way in which children are spoken to, and whether input language has an important role in speech development. Also, an overview is provided of the nature and essential features of input language, presenting the similarities and differences between input and output and describing the ways in which different factors affect the way in which children are interacted with, including child-directed speech. As children acquire language in a speech community, with...

31. Muutunud õpikäsituse keeleline konstrueerimine - Halliki Põlda; Katrin Aava
"Linguistic construction of a changed learning approach" According to the Estonian Lifelong Learning Strategy 2020 of the Ministry of Education and Research, a changed learning approach is an approach supporting the individual and social development, learning skills, creativity and enterprisingness of a learner. The aim of the study is to describe which discourses are associated with the changed learning approach and whether they coincide with the indicators created in the official discourse. Also, the aim is to determine, based on language use, how the stakeholders themselves relate to the education innovation. Five focus groups were studied as stakeholders: teacher training faculty researchers,...

32. Juhiste esitamine haldusaktides - Riina Reinsalu
"Presenting instructions in administrative acts" Local governments employ administrative acts for managing their own activities as well as those of other offices, businesses, private persons, etc. In order for an administrative act to best fulfil its purpose, a suitable textual strategy, covering both structural and linguistic choices, must be selected. No language user is entirely free in making such choices, but rather proceeds to a greater or lesser degree from examples set by previous texts, i.e. from conventions of genre and of the wider culture. The purpose of this paper is to determine what kinds of textual strategies and devices (including text...

33. THE INEXPRESSIBLE IN THE WORKS OF DANTE, GOETHE AND DOSTOEVSKY - Viktor Viktorovich Dudkin
The article looks at the 'eternal' problem of the inexpressible in the cultural and historic forms and motives it took in the works of Dante, Goethe and Dostoevsky. We view the inexpressible as a product of subject-object type of relations. In the case of Dante, the issue of the 'inexpressible' stemmed from strict subordination of subject-object relations in the Middle Ages, where the object was universal and sacred (with God as its highest form) and the subject was something 'under' (cf. the meaning of Latin prefix 'sub'), something incomplete and not self-sufficient, with their cognitive capacity limited. The integrity of...

34. Evaluation of Bilingual Intercultural Approach in Indigenous Primary Education: Case Study in the Indigenous Region Los Altos, Chiapas - José Viveros-Márquez
The objective of this study was to evaluate the implementation of the EIB (Bilingual Intercultural approach, by its acronym in Spanish) in an elementary indigenous school located in San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas. This school is characterized by the cultural and linguistic diversity represented by the integration of teachers, students and parents of tseltal and tsotsil origin. We use the evaluation model CIPP (context, input, process and product) and complemented it with school ethnography, using semi-structured interviews (director and supervisor), participant observation (classroom sessions), focus group interviews to teachers and parents and a sociolinguistic questionnaire to students. The theoretical framework retrieves...

35. Sexualidade e género : as relações interpessoais nos media - Marques, Sónia Alexandra Veríssimo
Este projeto teve como finalidade promover a construção de conhecimentos e o desenvolvimento de competências que permitissem aos/às alunos/as analisar criticamente o currículo cultural definido pelos media em matéria de sexualidade e género e compreender a sua influência na estruturação das relações interpessoais, tendo em vista a educação para uma cidadania democrática e para os direitos humanos. A intervenção, que decorreu numa turma do 5.º ano de escolaridade, constituída por 21 alunos/as, envolveu-os ativamente na realização de várias atividades, tendo sido privilegiado o diálogo e a reflexão conjunta. A metodologia participativa usada permitiu, não só diagnosticar a compreensão dos/as alunos/as...

36. Francisco Meix Izquierdo: La dialéctica del significado lingüístico - Marcos, Marcelino C.
Review of: Francisco Meix Izquierdo. La dialéctica del significado lingüístico. Salamanca, Universidad de Salamanca, 1994, 235 pp.

37. Persuasion in English Philosophy Texts (CEPhiT) - Crespo, Begoña; Moskowich, Isabel
[Abstract]The aim of this paper is to offer a description of the Corpus of English Philosophy Texts (CEPhiT) as well as to present a pilot study on persuasion strategies. Although this corpus contains samples from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, only eighteenth-century texts have been selected for this study. Methodologically speaking, some specific linguistic features indicating persuasion and argumentation (Biber, 1988) have been searched for: predictive modals, necessity modals, conditional subordinators and verbs with a suasive meaning. The interpretation of our findings will provide an overview of the author-reader relationship in late Modern English Philosophy writings, especially focusing on variables such as...

38. Language Contact and Language Change: The Danes in England - Moskowich, Isabel
[Abstract]The influence of the Scandinavian dialects on English has been often studied though no significant progress seems to have been achieved. The major aim of this paper is to offer a methodological approach which can provide a description of the Scandinavian lexical element in Middle English but considering it in its different aspects. Thus, we will undertake a corpus-based analysis where different variables such as semantic field, type of text and dialect among others are taken into consideration. The resulting description will reveal that the linguistic intercourse must have been different from what traditional scholars have always believed

39. Medicine, Astronomy, affixes and others: an account of verb formation in some Early Scientific works - Crespo, Begoña; Moskowich, Isabel
[Abstract]The patterns of derivational morphology found in Middle English in general should, theoretically, coincide with those found in an emerging functional variety of English from the same period (scientific writing). This scientific register has only been studied as such in the last decade or so, and often receiving a brief mention in more general works. At the same time, derivational morphology has not been considered as a tool to measure the degree of vernacularisation of late Middle English scientific texts. In this paper we intend to examine the behaviour of verbs in late Middle English scientific texts from the point of view...

40. (Re)standardization in the Vice of National Identity: the Cases of Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, and Montenegrin - Vesna Požgaj Hadži; Tatjana Balažic Bulc
Among different functions of linguistic standardization, the unifying, separatist, and prestige functions play a special role. In this paper, we focus on the separatist function, which calls for a redefinition of the status of standard languages. In addition, politics plays an important role within this process. In such cases we are often dealing with restandardization or – in other words – the reshaping of an already standardized language; however, on different terms. We present the results of such processes on the four successor-languages of the former Serbo-Croatian, i.e. Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, and Montenegrin. All underwent numerous (necessary as well as...

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