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Nomenclatura Unesco > (57) Lingüística

Mostrando recursos 21 - 40 de 55,214

21. Nomes Sanumá entre gritos e sussuros - Ramos, Alcida Rita
Como os demais indígenas Yanomami, os Sanumá (o subgrupo mais setentrional dessa família lingüística amazônica) praticam com afinco o sigilo dos nomes próprios. No entanto, ao contrário dos outros, eles praticam também a suspensão do sigilo quando se trata de fazer coisas com nomes , para parafrasear J. L. Austin. Transformados em ferramentas sociais, os nomes sanumá são capazes de marcar o público com recursos do privado. Assim, alguns poucos nomes masculinos são retirados de seu sigilo doméstico para anunciar o surgimento de grupos patrilineares com os quais os Sanumá organizam sua vida política e matrimonial. Com o advento do...

22. Relatively effortless listening promotes understanding and recall of medical instructions in older adults - DiDonato, Roberta M.; Surprenant, Aimée M.
Communication success under adverse conditions requires efficient and effective recruitment of both bottom-up (sensori-perceptual) and top-down (cognitive-linguistic) resources to decode the intended auditory-verbal message. Employing these limited capacity resources has been shown to vary across the lifespan, with evidence indicating that younger adults out-perform older adults for both comprehension and memory of the message. This study examined how sources of interference arising from the speaker (message spoken with conversational vs. clear speech technique), the listener (hearing-listening and cognitive-linguistic factors), and the environment (in competing speech babble noise vs. quiet) interact and influence learning and memory performance using more ecologically valid...

23. ‘That’s unscientific!’: Science as the arbitrator of ‘truth’ in (German) feminist linguistic debates - Luck, C
The feminist critique of language has been contested from its very inception. Opponents have distanced themselves from feminist proposals by arguing, for example, that language and reality are separate entities; that linguistic disparity is insignificant in comparison to other forms of discrimination; and most of all, that feminist approaches are ‘unscientific’. In this paper, I explore the late 1970s dispute between Senta Trömel-Plötz, Hartwig Kalverkämper and Luise F. Pusch as a particular example of the feminist vs. ‘scientific’ position. These three linguists are prominent voices in the German-language context and their arguments provide a valuable insight into the nature of...

24. Names of Attitudes and Norms for Attitudes - Nayding, Inga
Fictionalists claim that instead of believing certain controversial propositions they accept them nonseriously, as useful make-believe. In this way they present themselves as having an austere ontology despite the apparent ontological commitments of their discourse. Some philosophers object that this plays on a distinction without a difference: the fictionalist’s would-be nonserious acceptance is the most we can do for the relevant content acceptance-wise, hence such acceptance is no different from what we ordinarily call ‘belief’ and should be so called. They conclude that it is subject to the norms applicable to paradigmatic empirical beliefs, and hence, pace fictionalists, ontological commitments must be taken seriously. I disentangle three strands in the...

25. The Design and Implementation of an In-service EFL Teacher Training Model in the Costa Rican Public School System - Córdoba Cubillo, Patricia; Rodríguez Ramírez, Xinia; Hernández Gaubil, Tatiana
In response to the challenges of the 21st century and to the need for students in the public school system to have a higher level of English proficiency, English was declared an issue of national interest in Costa Rica in 2008. For this reason, a decree called Multilingual Costa Rica was signed by the government, setting the stage for an in-service EFL teacher training project. This article deals with the analysis of the design and the implementation of a training model, which led to the improvement of the linguistic skills of approximately 80% of the teacher population in the Costa...

26. Perspectivas científicas en la investigación de la afasia. Consideraciones teóricas - Omar Martinez, Erislandy; Pino Melgarejo, Mariana; Broche, Yunier
La afasia es definida como una alteración de la capacidad de uso del lenguaje, que se presenta como secuela de un dañocerebral sufrido luego del desarrollo de las habilidades lingüísticas básicas. En esta revisión se analizan las perspectivascientíficas que han tratado el problema de la afasia. Fueron revisados artículos y textos científicos en función de obtenerinformación sobre los diferentes enfoques de estudio de la afasia. Ello permite concluir que la definición de afasia no hasufrido modificaciones esenciales a lo largo de los últimos 150 años. Esta ha sido considerada, interpretada y redefinidaa partir de diferentes corrientes de pensamiento, que se...

27. Dificultades lingüísticas en la lectura en voz alta en niños del grado 1-4 de la sede Santo Tomás de la Institución Educativa Municipal Santa Teresita de Catambuco de Pasto - Cortez Arciniegas, Ruth Marlene
The lecture is a process of knowledge (Pérez, 1995) very complex that mean the doing of several stages, the observation of the graphic signs, decodification,  underestanding, remember, and innovation. The two last stages are relate with the work of the learn of the lecture.In the learn of the process of the lecture is very important the development of the stage before describe without mishap, and the obtain of a good understanding and interpretation of the text.The learn of the lecture in voice tall is not a process elementary, is complex, and mean the manage of the stages before mentioned.A study developed for Cortez and Arévalo...

28. El lenguaje jurídico del siglo XXI - González Salgado, José Antonio
En el presente artículo, se identifican las raíces de los problemas lingüísticos que acompañan a la redacción jurídica y se ofrecen algunas claves para mejorar los textos legales. Asimismo, el autor señala que para obtener mejores resultados es indispensable la formación lingüística del abogado y la formación jurídica del ciudadano.

29. Aspectos Lingüísticos de la Crisis - Montalbetti, Mario

30. Aproximación al discurso escrito de los abogados - Cabrera Camasca, Mónica
De incuestionable interés para todos los que mantienen alguna relación con el Derecho en general y con las publicaciones jurídicas en particu­lar, resulta el tema que aborda Mónica Cabrera en el presente artículo. A partir de la apreciación  de los usos lingüísticos más frecuentes en los trabajos publicados en revistas como la nuestra, la autora nos introduce al ámbito del análisis gramatical y sintáctico de los discursos jurídicos, haciendo hincapié en sus formas  distintivas.En dicho contexto, Cabrera observa las incorrecciones más habituales en este tipo de escritos, donde formas lingüísticas socialmente aceptadas como ''cultas", encubren en realidad serias contravenciones a la pulcri­ tud idiomática....

31. El desafío de fin de siglo: la cultura de la libertad - Vargas Llosa, Mario
El presente artículo, tomado de una conferencia pronunciada por el autor, aborda un tema que abarca diversas disciplinas y que sin duda importa alguno de los más esenciales retos para el futuro de la humanidad: crear, o en todo caso consolidar,una cultura de la libertad que rija la sociedad del futuro como uno de los pilares del desarrollo. Un tema tan trascendental es tratado por el autor sin pretensiones de erudición ni enmarañadas construcciones de tipo filosófico;por el contrario, el autor evita todo esoterismo tanto en el contenido como en las formas lingüísticas para llegar al lector con las palabras...

32. The need of strengthening the pedagogical competences in teaching from the english teachers’ perspective - Violeta, Panev; Barakoska, Aneta
The traditional concept of the teaching staff continually is expanding and changing not only in the content but in the methodology and in the forms of learning as well because of the permanent change of the social conditions and the advancement of the science and technology. The teacher is a mediator of the knowledge and a key person who realizes the reforms and the teaching processes into practice and that is why the present and the future requires from the teacher qualified, expert and fundamental  pedagogical  knowledge.The competencies  and the skills as a changeable category mainly recognized and focused on...

33. Habilidades metalingüísticas en niños y niñas de 5 a 7 años - Neira, Liliana Isabel
The goal of this research was to describe the metalinguistic abilities in a group of students between five- and seven-years-old, and to test strategies made to obtain evidence about metalinguistic abilities in children below seven-years-old age. 18 students, 9 girls and 9 boys, from an educative institution in Bogotá, took part in this study. The tasks included two strategies: the first one was a conversational strategy, oriented by a script previously established to obtain metalinguistic comments in children; the second one was a structured protocol with closed questions. Verbal behaviors of the children were videotaped, transcribed and registered in data collection matrixes. Results...

34. Caracterización de los instrumentos de evaluación del desarrollo del lenguaje para hablantes del español - Castro, Francisco; Neira, Liliana Isabel
The goal of this research was to describe the characteristics of the instruments that of use to in this way evaluate the development of the language in population that speaks Spanish and to offer tools to the fonoaudiólogos for selection of such in the professional exercise. The method of used analysis of information was the bibliometric that it included, aspects of conceptual order as theoretical frame, disciplines from which they were generated on ,the other hand, methodologic aspects like time of application, materials that it requires to be applied, level of professional expertise, among others. 24 instruments used with regularity...

35. Competencia comunicativa oral en docentes de la Institución Universitaria Iberoamericana - Delgado Moreno, Magdalena
The present investigation is a descriptive study, that has the objective to investigate about oral communicative competence in a group of 33 subjects, 21 women and 12 educational adult men of the “Iberoamerican University Institution” (I.U.I.) in situation of class, between the 26 and 70 years old; which were interviewed and observed through a video recording in a real situation of class, with the aim to describe the sociolinguistic, pragmatic, and linguistic competence, according to the SPEAKING model of Hymes (1974); that propose 8 categories of analysis: situation, participating, aims, sequence of acts, key, instruments, norms and kind; the results...

36. El ser humano: universo sígnico. Síntesis de la razón de ser del grupo Semeion - Rodríguez Hernández, Yenny
SEMEION es un grupo de investigación integrado por docentes investigadores interesados en la búsqueda y discusión acerca del signo y su papel en la comunicación humana y susdesordenes. Los resultados de estos procesos de investigación son utilizados para comprender las teorías lingüísticas y semióticas y sus implicaciones en la comunicación humana y sus desordenes. El articulo presenta una discusión acerca del signo y sus partes, los tipos, características y su papel en los eventos del lenguaje, procesos de comunicación y las relación con aspectos de orden social y cultural. Además se presenta información sobre los objetivos del grupo SEMEION, su historia 

37. Fases del proceso de adaptación de new strategies for treating children’s articulationand phonological disorders - Rodríguez Hernández, Yenny
This descriptive study had as a goal to characterize the steps that were followed to the adaptation of New Strategies’ for treating children’s articulation and phonological disorders from English into Spanish. Its method followed the steps as translation, the translation’s valuation by expert judges, the analysis of successes and differences between the Spanish and English versions, the preliminary test and the final evaluation. The participants were five phonoaudiologists and 21 children between 2 and 7 years old. The used instruments were New Strategies for treating children’sarticulation and phonological disorders, two qualification forms, a characterization form and an informed assent. The results showed...

38. Características de lectura y escritura de población escolar en situación de protección - Rodríguez Olaya, Nadya Carolayn; Suárez Castellanos, Sandra Milena; Quintero Uribe, Jhon Fredy
This document is the result of an exercise of formative research carried out as a part of the phonoaudiological laboratory of Intervention in School of professional practices at Universidad del Valle. This study is aimed to identify and characterize both communication and language skills, such as barriers and facilitators present in the educational context where schoolchildren who belong to two school shelters directed by the city and whose children belong at the same time to the grade “compass “, an institution of the rural municipality of Cali. The design was descriptive using a mixed approach, the population was selected among...

39. Lenguaje, actividad práxica y visoespacial de afasicos evaluados con boston en Sucre - Miranda Contreras, Beatriz Elena
Introduction: The evaluation of aphasic patients omits the qualitative dimension of linguistic and visual-motor analysis, this being relevant for diagnostic orientation. Objective: To determine the visual motor and language skills of the patient with aphasia, using the Boston test for the Diagnosis of aphasia. (BDAE). Methods: A sample of 24 aphasic patients of both genders, of the department of Sucre is selected, using the assessment instrument in its entirety to measure sociodemographic variables and analysis as skills listening, speaking, reading, writing, visual motor, psycholinguistic structure of comprehension and expression, lesion location and types of aphasia. Results: It was observed that...

40. Algunos acercamientos al proceso de acceso léxico de la lengua de señas - Sastre Larré, Carmen; Sastre, Luz Viviana
 The concept of language acquisition by deaf people have a dual path approach, first studies originating from theories that characterize this acquisition in the context of communication and studies that describe the acquisition as a process strictly linguistic, communicative and unrelated variables related to the specific parameters of the Spanish language, analyzes and compares against oral language Castilian speakers or listeners. The aim of this review is to analyze the findings of the evidence about lexical access in sign language and its description in deaf users of this language. We performed a critical analysis of the theories and studies but little...

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