Listening comprehension processes and strategies of Japanese junior high school students in interactive settings
- Tokeshi, Masanori
The purpose of this study was to investigate the nature of interactive listening and the characteristics of listening comprehension processes for Japanese junior high school students of English. The first aim of this study was to investigate the interplay between the learner's listening strategies and the speaker's speech modifications and non-linguistic cues. The second aim was to investigate the listening comprehension processes and listening strategies used by the participants. The methodology employed was primarily qualitative. The literature on listening comprehension models, research areas of difficulties with listening and speech modifications and strategy research were chiefly reviewed. Six selected Japanese junior...
Out of bounds
- Hecq, Dominique
'Out of Bounds' is a poetic piece which explores sexual identity from an inter-linguistic and inter-cultural perspective inscribed in a a post-colonial context whilst enacting knowledge as a practice of the letter. It is the central piece of a trilogy also titled OUT OF BOUNDS which is due out later this year under the re.press imprint whose first and third parts are titled 'The Gaze of Silence' and 'The Silence of the Gaze'. It might be said that for this agnostic author one of the surprising findings upon re-reading the whole work is the validation of the premise that God...
The implementation and use of ADA on distributed systems with high reliability requirements
- Knight, J. C.
The use and implementation of Ada in distributed environments in which reliability is the primary concern is investigated. Emphasis is placed on the possibility that a distributed system may be programmed entirely in Ada so that the individual tasks of the system are unconcerned with which processors they are executing on, and that failures may occur in the software or underlying hardware. A new linguistic construct, the colloquy, is introduced which solves the problems identified in an earlier proposal, the conversation. It was shown that the colloquy is at least as powerful as recovery blocks, but it is also as...
Views from the other side : how the French rate the linguistic and cultural efforts of their New Zealand trading partners
- Speedy, Karin
A construÃÃo identitÃria regional pelas topografias discursivas das canÃÃes do "Pessoal do CearÃ"
- Maria das Dores Nogueira Mendes
In this research, we propose to investigate a discursive regional position with all kinds of investments attached to it. Therefore, we took as a basis Maingueneau (1997, 2001, 2004, 2005), a French line discourse annalist, and Costa (2001), who applies the most general concepts of positioning and investment to the literary. The concepts of discursive position, topography and investments are primary in this work: in order to accomplish our task, we fulfilled three stages: 1. To explain how other elements which make up the set design (enunciator, co-enunciator and chronography) as well as the notions of scenographic, ethic and linguistic...
Análise de abordagem de ensino de produção de texto em LP numa classe de inclusão com alunos surdos e ouvintes
- José de Sousa Silva
Esta dissertação de mestrado é um estudo de caso que faz uso de instrumentos da microetnografia com o objetivo de analisar pela primeira vez a abordagem de ensinar Língua Portuguesa de uma professora, ouvinte, de Produção de Texto que rege uma turma de inclusão com alunos surdos bilaterais/profundos e ouvintes do 2 ano do Ensino Médio de uma Escola Pólo, pública, de uma cidade satélite de Brasília. Tal escola contava com uma clientela de setecentos e vinte e três alunos e desse total quarenta e nove eram surdos. A turma observada durante o período de dois bimestres era formada por...
AS REPRESENTAÇÕES SOCIAIS DOS ALUNOS, PAIS E PROFESSORES SOBRE O PROCESSO DE ENSINO E APRENDIZAGEM DE INGLÊS
- NELZA MARA PALLÚ
A língua inglesa (LI) hoje, em sua condição de uma língua franca, representa uma abertura para o processo de desenvolvimento tecnológico e científico e de democratização social de nosso país. Portanto, o contexto de ensino e aprendizagem de inglês precisa estar em sintonia com esta realidade para poder traçar e alcançar objetivos concretos de um ensino com qualidade e que atenda os interesses de seus aprendizes. Isso implica, entre os vários aspectos que envolvem o trabalho com a LI, discutidos neste trabalho, manter um diálogo entre todos os participantes do processo educativo. Considerando que a sociedade em geral constrói representações...
Linguistic resources of individuals with Asperger Syndrome
- Clancy, Sarah C; Armstrong, Elizabeth; Roberts, Jacqueline
In this paper the available literature on the communication skills of individuals with Asperger Syndrome (AS) is reviewed. Current issues regarding diagnosing and understanding disorders with a core social deficit are examined as well as the potential application of sociolinguistic analyses to the study of Asperger Syndrome, such as that provided from within a Systemic Functional Linguistic framework. The need for investigations that address a broader view of “language” and its use in social situations by individuals with AS as opposed to their mastery of syntactic aspects of language, will be discussed.
Language disorder : a functional linguistic perspective
- Armstrong, E
This paper explores the issues involved in the linguistic characterisation of disordered discourse and the ways in which a Systemic Functional Linguistic framework addresses these issues. For many years, language disorders were described in terms of formal grammars, with “breakdown” discussed in terms of one or more of the traditional levels of language, i.e., phonology, syntax, and semantics. While it was acknowledged that an individual could have difficulty at one or more of these levels, each was viewed quite separately, with semantics viewed largely from a referential perspective. More recent approaches using functional grammar have broadened this view of language...
Nonseparability of shared intentionality
- Flender, Christian; Kitto, Kirsty; Bruza, Peter D.
According to recent studies in developmental psychology and neuroscience, symbolic language is essentially intersubjective. Empathetically relating to others renders possible the acquisition of linguistic constructs. Intersubjectivity develops in early ontogenetic life when interactions between mother and infant mutually shape their relatedness. Empirical fndings suggest that the shared attention and intention involved in those interactions is sustained as it becomes internalized and embodied. Symbolic language is derivative and emerges from shared intentionality. In this paper, we present a formalization of shared intentionality based upon a quantum approach. From a phenomenological viewpoint, we investigate the nonseparable, dynamic and sustainable nature of social...
Three case studies of children with suspected auditory processing disorder
- Cameron, Sharon; Dillon, Harvey; Newall, Philip
Case studies are detailed for three children referred for central auditory processing assessment. All performed more than 5 standard deviations below the mean normative data score for their age group on both the Random Gap Detection Test, and the spatial advantage measure of the newly developed Listening in Spatialized Noise test (LISN ). The LISN spatial advantage measure assesses the listener's ability to use binaural cues to comprehend a target story in the presence of spatially separated distracter sentences, without being affected by differences between participants in variables such as linguistic skills. The children were also greater than 2 standard...
Jesus and the Cross: necessity, meaning and atonement
- Laughlin, Peter Rod
The proliferation of alternative models of atonement in recent academic literature, many of which stand in complete contrast to the traditional teachings of the Church, raises the question of how to determine faithfulness to the Christian doctrine of redemption. This thesis contends that such determination can be made when the alternative model proposed is able to demonstrate sufficient continuity with the meaning that Jesus of Nazareth constituted for his death. To argue this point requires a five stage investigation. Firstly the recent rejection, both academic and popular, of the so-called ‘myth’ of redemptive suffering, insists that it be demonstrated that...
Post-Lapita developments in the Reef-Santa Cruz Islands, southeast Solomon Islands
- Doherty, Moira Winifrid
The Pacific is a world of islands, so human migrations are necessarily part of the story of this world. It is somewhat surprising therefore to find that there are so many points of contention among archaeologists, linguists and biologists about the role that migrations have played in producing culture change in Pacific prehistory -just how many migrations are we talking about, on what scale, by whom, and when, and which discipline provides more reliable evidence? The specifics of the debate may be local, but the substantive issues have broader applicability. This thesis attempts to contribute to the debate by considering...
COGENT programming manual
- Reynolds, J. C.
COGENT /COmpiler and GENeralized Translator/ programming system is a compiler whose input language enables a description of symbolic and linguistic manipulation algorithms. Primarily for use as a compiler-compiler, it is also applicable to algebraic manipulation, mechanical theorem proving, and heuristic programming.
Como se constrói uma mulher : uma análise do discurso nas revistas brasileiras para adolescentes
- Luciane Cristina Eneas Lira
Localizada no âmbito de estudos da linguagem, esta pesquisa intitulada Como se constrói uma mulher: uma análise do discurso nas revistas brasileiras para adolescentes, objetiva investigar as marcas discursivas de identidade feminina nas revistas destinadas a adolescentes brasileiras. Para tanto, as discussões se dão na confluência teórica de três vertentes: do discurso, da identidade e da mídia. O olhar investigativo parte principalmente das contribuições teóricas da Análise de Discurso Crítica, nas considerações de Fairclough (2001 e 2003) e na proposta da Lingüística Sistêmico-Funcional de Halliday (1976, 1978 e 1994). O corpus de análise é composto por edições de oito revistas...
ANÁLISE DIALÓGICA DE PALAVRAS DO TRABALHO DOS POLICIAIS FEDERAIS: DA (RE)CRIAÇÃO À DIVULGAÇÃO
- ANTONIA ZAGO
Este trabalho estuda palavras que os policiais federais usam para nomear as suas Operações de trabalho. Para tanto, parte da teoria dialógica do discurso (Bakhtin, 1997, 1998, 2003; Bakhtin/Volochínov, 2004), paradigma segundo o qual a matéria lingüística é indissociável de um processo ativo e responsivo, isto é, intersubjetivo, e estabelece diálogo com estudos sobre o trabalho, que consideram imprescindível a análise da linguagem para a compreensão das relações humanas no trabalho (Boutet, 2001; Faïta, 2007; Nouroudine,2002; Schwartz, 2007). A articulação proposta parte do pressuposto epistemológico do dialogismo como constitutivo de toda a expressão linguageira, o que permite observar a movimentação...
Modified Output in Response to Clarification Requests and Second Language
- Ogino, Masayoshi
Modified output, second language (L2) learners reformulation of their own utterances, has been attracting researchers interest as an important component of learner interactions, and as a manifestation of interlanguage development and psycholinguistic processing.
The output hypothesis (Swain, 1985, 1993, 1995, 2005) claims that the act of production constitutes part of the process of L2 learning in terms of noticing, hypothesis testing and metalinguistic functions. This hypothesis has been used as a theoretical framework to investigate the relationship between modified output and L2 learning (e.g., McDonough, 2001, 2005; Nobuyoshi & Ellis, 1993; O'Relly, Flatiz, & Kromrey, 2001; Takashima & Ellis, 1999)....
A poesia fala com a criança : uma reflexão sobre as características da poesia infantil e sua relação com o leitor
- Ana Paula Klauck
O objetivo deste trabalho é analisar as características da poesia infantil contemporânea (abrangendo obras de 1996 em diante) e sua relação com o leitor-criança a que se destina. Por meio de um levantamento teórico e de um estudo de quatro obras poéticas consideradas representativas (Um passarinho me contou, de José Paulo Paes, Pequenas observações sobre a vida em outros planetas, de Ricardo Silvestrin, Um gato chamado Gatinho, de Ferreira Gullar e Poesia é fruta doce e gostosa, de Elias José), o trabalho traça o caminho da poesia ao dirigir-se ao leitor infantil e ao promover uma comunicação com ele. Os...
A Poetics of change
- Meares, Russell; Butt, David; Henderson-Brooks, Caroline; Samir, Hany
The progress of psychoanalysis and psychotherapy depends on our capacity to study, in a scientific manner, the process of therapy. Since a study of this kind involves charting the waxing and waning of something as elusive as the sense of personal existence, the task has, in the past, been seen as virtually impossible. However, words, or more particularly, the way words are used, manifest such shifting states. Sophisticated linguistic analyses are available, providing the means to conduct these necessary studies. This article suggests that an ongoing sense of personal existence, which William James called "self," is multilayered, in the manner...
Intention and diverging interpretings of implicature in the "uncovered meat" sermon
- Haugh, Michael Bevan
The standard model of communication in linguistic pragmatics is founded on the assumption that “successful” communication involves the addressee making inferences about the intentions of the speaker. Miscommunication of implicatures thus presumably arises when the addressee does not correctly infer the speaker's intention. In this paper, however, it is argued that this view of the (mis)communication of implicatures does not adequately account for the manner in which intentions may become the subject of discursive dispute in interaction thereby giving rise to diverging interpretings of implicatures. Drawing from an analysis of the “uncovered meat” comments made by Sheik Taj Din al-Hilali...