Mostrando recursos 38.041 - 38.060 de 80.269

  1. Electronic database of new words in Greek

    Anastassiadis-Syméonidis, Anna; Nikolaou, Georgia
    This paper deals with the development of an electronic database of new words in Greek, which constitutes a part of the research project "Pythagoras". Our aim is (a) to create an electronic inventory of all the new Greek words that are used in non scientific Greek language magazines, (b) to offer precise information about the semantic frame, the morphological features and the special register of all the lexical units which will be included in the database, (c) to make useful correlations between those units, as far as their form and meaning are concerned, and (d) to elaborate a lexicographic product...

  2. Elogio de la literatura

    Francés Vidal, Sorkunde
    Esta publicación recoge un camino que parece paralelo entre la Lingüística y la Literatura. A través de de la lectura del artículo llegamos a situar la convergencia de Lingüística y Literatura.

  3. Una proposta di arricchimento delle informazioni grammaticali associate al lemma verbale

    Tomatis, Marco
    An analysis of the main features of different lexicographic resources for Italian language showed the existence of a dishomogenous behaviour regarding the part of verbal conjugation which is usually placed beside the lemma entry. Such data represent a sort of hint for the user to produce the most correct conjugation of the specific verb; yet, in most cases, the accuracy of those pieces of conjugation is lacking in respect to other linguistic information. Due to the ever increasing number of learners of Italian as foreign language, which need a relevant linguistic support, it plays a crucial role providing a solution...

  4. Frame-based lexicons and the making of dictionaries

    Martin, Willy
    In this paper it is shown how frame-based lexicons can lead to better dictionaries. Advanced Learner's Dictionaries are taken as a case-in-point, starting from the definition that 'an advanced learner's dictionary is a dictionary meant for L2-users with the aim to give them a thorough command in L2 of the most important linguistic functions (needs), viz. to understand, to speak, to write and to read in the FL.' Furthermore, the following assumptions apply: in order to further better understanding, learner's dictionaries should make use of the most adequate definitions, including other than verbal ones; in order to provide for better...

  5. A computational multi-layered Italian lexicon for HLT applications

    Ruimy, Nilda
    In this paper, the largest computational, lexical knowledge base of Italian language is presented. PAROLE-SIMPLE-CLIPS is a general-purpose lexicon in which 55,000 words are encoded at four different levels of linguistic description. It is based on the international standards set out in the PAROLE-SIMPLE model that was consensually agreed on and adopted for creating lexicons of 12 European languages. The original and innovative features of the lexical model are outlined. The richness of the information types encoded at the four descriptive levels is illustrated with a special focus on those that are particularly specific to the underlying model, viz. the...

  6. LECXIT: una experiencia de enseñanza-aprendizaje de la lectura para estudiantes universitarios y no universitarios

    Selfa Sastre, Moisés
    LECXIT (www.lectura.cat) es un programa de impulso a la lectura en escuelas públicas de Cataluña promovido por la Fundación "la Caixa", el Departament d�Ensenyament de la Generalitat de Cataluña y la Fundación Jaume Bofill. Su objetivo es mejorar la capacidad lectora y desarrollar estrategias de comprensión lectora en aquellos estudiantes que presentan dificultades en estas habilidades lingüísticas. Actualmente, LECXIT está implantando en 10 escuelas de Cataluña de las cuales dos están situadas en la ciudad de Lleida. Este programa se lleva a cabo gracias a un conjunto de voluntarios que acuden a estas escuelas con la finalidad de ayudar a...

  7. La implicación del estudiante con la escuelas

    Ros Martínez de Lahidalga, Iker
    El objetivo de esta investigación ha sido analizar la implicación o compromiso de nuestros estudiantes con sus centros escolares. La implicación posee un componente conductual (la participación) y un componente psicológico (la identificación con el centro escolar). La muestra está compuesta por 656 alumnos de 14 colegios del País Vasco y Cataluña, divididos según diferentes tipologías de centro: 179 en pública-primaria, 151 alumnos en concertada-primaria, 203 alumnos en pública¬-secundaria y 123 alumnos en concertada-secundaria. Los resultados indican que las percepciones en las escalas de participación e identificación son más altas en los centros concertados, de primaria y con una sola...

  8. La educación bilingüe: ¿una respuesta al Aragón trilingüe?

    Navarro Sierra, José Luis; Huguet Canalis, Ángel; Chireac, Silvia-María; Janés Carulla, Judit; Lapresta Rey, Cecilio; Querol Coronado, Mónica; Sansó, Clara
    In front the progressive rights recognition of the different linguistic minorities in Spain, in the case of Aragon it has not been until recently that the debate on the paper of the minority languages has reached public knowledge. Plus concretely, the reform of the Statute of Autonomy passed in 2007 establishes the mandate of developing a Parliament Law that determines the areas of predominant use of the languages and linguistic modalities of the region, as well as other relative aspects as are its recovery, promotion or teaching. In this context, the article presents a taxonomy of models of bilingual education...

  9. Influencia de la demanda de la tarea en la producción oral en la segunda lengua

    Gómez Veiga, Isabel; Vieiro Iglesias, Pilar
    The study reported in this paper explores the influence of linguistic and cognitive task-demand on the cuality of second language oral performance. Through the prism of cognitive psychology and task-based language instruction, we examined the discourse elicited by three oral tasks (description, narration and argument) in schoolars of early chilhood (8:2 years old). Results showed that increasingly cognitive load produced significant differences in variables related to three levels of processing under consideration: lexical access processes, propositional syntactic construction and meaning structure of the discourse.

  10. Azentu, intonazio eta silabifikazioen funtzio bereizleez

    Gaminde Terraza, Iñaki; Hernáez Rioja, Inmaculada; Álvarez Enparantza, José Luis; Etxeberria Murua, Pilartxo
    En este trabajo se analizan las funciones distintivas del acento, la entonación y la silabificación: Se contempla su importancia en los procesos de desambiguación lingüística. En la primera parte del trabajo tomando como base los datos de la variedad lingüística que hemos elegido, se presentan las diferentes distinciones, tanto lexicas como gramaticales, que se realizan por medio de las diferentes posiciones del acento. En la segunda parte se analizan las relaciones entre la entonación y la focalización, así como la importancia de la entonación en la distinción del foco. En la tercera parte, analizadas las diferentes funciones de la silabificación,...

  11. Autoidentificación nacional y actitudes hacia el euskera

    Molero Otero, Begoña; Arribillaga Iriarte, Ana Rosa
    The aim of this research is to continue the investigation on the process of the national identity development. In previous studies, we have faced the subject of how the school linguistic model influences the process of the national identity development, but now, we have wanted to go forward on this subject. Therefore, the present work deals with the analysis of the relationships between the national autoidentiy of the individuals and their attitudes toward the basque language. This is done by making several questions to 137 inhabitans from the Mixed Area of the Foral Autonomic Community of Navarra (Spain). These are...

  12. Aproximación a la representación social del euskera en la adolescencia

    Madariaga Orbea, José María
    The purpose of the present work, is to make un approach to the adolescents¿social representation of euskera, to value its possible function as a regulator of the framework of mennings that derive from the structures of their social relations. For that, a sample of 2000 adolescents were used, from 11 Instituts from Navarra and C.A.V., whithin the different sociolinguistics contexts. It is an exploratory study wich analises the more significants results, from the test of social representation of euskera previously built, ant at the same time to classify the variables of most explanatory interest. The method used to mark the...

  13. Incidencia de las explicaciones diferenciales del proceso de lectura en las interpretaciones de las dificultades en el proceso de aprendizaje del lenguaje escrito.

    Escoriza López, José; Boj Barberán, Carmen
    In this paper we make an analysis about the most common learning disablities conceptions, reading approaches, and its influence on the explanation of reading learning disabilities. In the last twenty years, the volumes that have been written about learning and reading disabilities provide evidence that their main causes are impairment, deficits or inability in visual-perceptual, linguistic processing, etc. The researchs findings, however, are likely to have little impact on practice, diagnostic, and learning processes. This article offers a proposal that overcomes the reductionists approaches of teaching and learning in favour of construtivists principles.

  14. Eskola eta dialektoak: irakaskuntzan gertatzen diren arazoak eta irtenbideak

    Elordui Urkiza, Agurtzane; Maia Larretxea, Julian
    Desde la creación y desarrollo de la lengua estándar (euskara batua) esa modalidad lingüística ha recibido un trato de preferencia en las actividades llevadas a cabo en la institución escolar, de manera que las otras variantes dialectales han quedado relegadas a un segundo plano o incluso ignoradas. Sin embargo, en los últimos años se percibe un resurgir del debate acerca del valor de los usos dialectales en diferentes contextos comunicativos, entre ellos el referente a la escuela, lo que plantea una serie de interrogantes acerca del tratamiento que dichas variantes han de recibir en el mencionado contexto. Esta línea de...

  15. Aplicación didáctica de las inteligencias múltiples

    Delgado Henríquez, María del Pino
    Hacia una escuela inclusiva que potencie el desarrollo de las distintas inteligencias. Según Howard Gardner, serían ocho, por tanto, el ser humano poseería ocho puntos diferentes de su cerebro donde se albergarían diferentes inteligencias. Aunque este Psicólogo afirme que número ocho es relativamente subjetivo, son ésas las inteligencias que se caracterizan por lo que él denomina inteligencias múltiples, las cuales son: Inteligencia Lingüística o verbal. Inteligencia Lógico – Matemática. Inteligencia Espacial. Inteligencia Musical. Inteligencia corporal – Kinestésica. Inteligencia naturalista Inteligencia Interpersonal. Inteligencia Intrapersonal. Esto lo llevamos a su aplicación a través de la exploración y experimentación en el aula. Mediante la...

  16. A Sociophonetic Approach to Vowel Raising: Social Networks in Rural Michoacán, Mexico

    Barajas, Jennifer
    This paper presents new data that allows for a sociophonetic analysis of variable unstressed mid vowel raising in the Spanish of rural Michoacán, Mexico. This process refers to the non-standard realization of /e, o/ as [i, u], respectively, such as in come [kómi] 'he/she eats,' that can be found in this dialect, together with the more standard pronunciation of [kóme]. I present an acoustic analysis of these mid vowels to analyze the linguistic and social factors that condition variable raising in Michoacán Spanish, in order to provide the first thorough account of this vocalic process. The results presented in this...

  17. A large-scale extension of VerbNet with novel verb classes

    Kipper, Karin; Korhonen, Anna; Ryant, Neville; Palmer, Martha
    Lexical classifications have proved useful in supporting various linguistic and natural language processing (NLP) tasks. The largest verb classification in English is Levin's (1993) work. VerbNet (Kipper- Schuler 2006) - the largest computational verb lexicon currently available for English - provides detailed syntactic-semantic descriptions of Levin classes. While the classes included are extensive enough for some NLP use, they are not comprehensive. Korhonen and Briscoe (2004) have proposed a significant extension of Levin's classification which incorporates 57 novel classes for verbs not covered (comprehensively) by Levin. Korhonen and Ryant (2005) have recently supplemented this with another extension including 53 additional...

  18. Elexbi, a basic tool for bilingual term extraction from Spanish-Basque parallel corpora

    Gurrutxaga Hernaiz, Antton; Saralegi Urizar, Xavier; Ugartetxea, Sahats; Alegría Loinaz, Iñaki
    We present the work done by Elhuyar Foundation in the field of bilingual terminology extraction. The aim of this work is to develop some techniques for the automatic extraction of pairs of equivalent terms from Spanish-Basque translation memories, and to implement those techniques in a prototype. Our approach is based on a monolingual extraction of term candidates in each language, then the creation of candidate bigrams from both segments of the same translation unit, and, finally, the selection of the most likely pair of candidates, mainly by the use of statistical information (association measures) and cognates. In the first step,...

  19. Developing a lexicon for a new French spell-checker

    Fontenelle, Thierry
    This paper describes some of the problems the lexicographer was faced with when developing the lexicon for a new French spell-checker which shipped in the Microsoft Office 2003 Service Pack 2 in 2005. The new functionalities of this spell-checker are described, focusing on the implementation of the French spelling reform recommended by linguistic authorities such as the French Academy. The impact of these functionalities on the structure and content of the underlying speller dictionary is discussed. It is also shown that many of the decisions that are made during the design phase about issues like tokenization and word-breaking influence the...

  20. NETS, quando la traduzione assistita dal calcolatore incontra la linguistica

    Allora, Adriano
    The word serendipity means "to make discoveries, by accident and sagacity, of things not in quest" (wikipedia, 2006). There's some serendipity in the NETS history. NETS (Network Enhanced Translators' Software) was implemented as a tool to aid and speed up the translators' job: it can split each text in segments and record every segment and its translation. The very first time I saw the 6406 segments (dirty result) in Source Language - Target Language pairs I thought of parallel corpora. In this presentation I'll describe NETS (in user's and programmer's perspectives) and its potentiality in linguistic (and lexicographic) perspective.

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