Mostrando recursos 38,041 - 38,060 de 66,890

  1. A linguistic exploration of persuasion in written Japanese discourse: a systemic functional interpretation

    Sano, Motoki
    This thesis is designed to explore how the social act of persuasion is realised in Japanese discourse linguistically. Specifically, it explores those linguistic resources that are essential for constructing written persuasive texts from a Systemic Functional perspective. The present study, as a case study, analyses eleven written persuasive texts. This thesis presents the result of the study. It illustrates those elements of structure and meanings that must be and can be utilised in constructing persuasive texts. It also demonstrates how these elements and their meanings can be realised through linguistic resources such as TRANSITIVITY, ATTITUDE and ELLIPSIS. The thesis tentatively...

  2. Electrophysiological and behavioural indices of simulated recognition memory impairment

    Tardif, Hilarie P
    This thesis examined the use of event-related potentials as a means of detecting feigned recognition memory impairment. In seven studies, undergraduate students were instructed either to complete a recognition memory test to the best of their abilities, or to simulate accident�related memory loss. These studies extended previous research by investigating electrophysiological differences between the control and malingering tasks (1) for stimuli which differed in linguistic frequency, (2) in tests which varied the format of word presentation, (3) during the initial encoding of the stimuli, and (4) using ERP components not previously considered in studies investigating the detection of malingering. The...

  3. The relationship between recasts and uptake in a Korean EFL communicative classroom context

    Park, Eulja
    The role of implicit negative feedback such as recasts is significant in terms of eliciting learners' ability to attend to form in second language learning. This study examines the relationship between the nature of different types of recasts and learner uptake in response to those recasts within Korean college students' dyadic interactions while learning English as a foreign language. The two types of dyadic pairings consisted of NNS learner - NNS learner and NNS teacher - NNS learner. The study explores the differences between recasts provided by the learners and those provided by the teacher in response to their interlocutors'...

  4. Autobiographic self-construction in the letters of Emily Dickinson

    Lebow, Lori Karen
    Emily Dickinson's collected correspondence creates an autobiographical record of her textual self-construction. Despite her reclusive lifestyle, correspondence permitted communication with a dispersed and select readership. Her epistolary personae construct this accessible presence despite her physical withdrawal. This dissertation explores how her interpersonal textual strategies closely follow the kinds of interactions sought in face-to-face encounters to form intimate, lasting friendships. The complex philosophical issues associated with self-consciousness and identity are enacted and discussed in Dickinson's letters because her textual self-construction became a significant relational activity. Identity construction and role-play allowed her to speak in a society that pressured women to remain...

  5. From species to languages : a phylogenetic approach to human prehistory

    Atkinson, Quentin Douglas
    Languages, like species, evolve. Just like biologists, historical linguists infer relationships between the lineages they study by analysing heritable features. For linguists, these features can be words, grammar and phonemes. This linguistic evidence of descent with modification plays an important role in our understanding of human prehistory. However, conventional methods in historical linguistics do not employ an explicit optimality criterion to evaluate evolutionary language trees. These methods cannot quantify uncertainty in the inferences nor provide an absolute chronology of divergence events. Previous attempts to estimate divergence times from lexical data using glottochronological methods have been heavily criticized, particularly for the...

  6. Laterality and interhemispheric transfer in schizophrenia

    Barnett, Kylie
    There is a plethora of research describing dysfunction of a single hemisphere (usually the left) in schizophrenia, while there is less evidence to suggest right-hemisphere dysfunction. There is also much evidence to suggest that individuals with schizophrenia have difficulties integrating information between the two cerebral hemispheres or transferring information between the hemispheres. The aim of this thesis was to investigate lateralized and interhemispheric information processing in males with predominantly negative-symptom schizophrenia. This thesis employs behavioural (i.e. computer-based reaction-time tasks), neuropsychological (i.e. the line-bisection task) and electrophysiological (i.e. electroencephalogram) measures to assess laterality and interhemispheric processing in schizophrenia relative to matched...

  7. Self-reflexivity and the construction of subjectivity in contemporary French cinema: Alain Resnais

    Walker, Deborah A.
    ABSTRACT This study uses the work of French filmmaker, Alain RESNAIS (1922 - ) to examine the role of self-reflexivity in the construction of subjectivity within contemporary French cinema (from 1958 to the present day). Close analysis of self-reflexivity in its various forms - mise en abyme, intertextuality, the foregrounding of cinematographic and narrative conventions - reveals the construction of a new form of subjectivity. The self-reflexive gaze, in the films of Resnais as in such other “modernist” French filmmakers as Godard, Duras and Robbe-Grillet, constructs a decentred, fissured subject. This process is particularly evident in Resnais’ subversion of mise...

  8. Different Realities: Challenging Conventional Ways of Conceptualising Delusions and Hallucinations

    Aschebrock, Yasmin
    Delusions and hallucinations are typically regarded in contemporary Western societies as signs of serious mental illness - that is, as essentially meaningless surface expressions of a biological process, that are almost invariably distressing and harmful to those experiencing them. However, these conventional ways of conceptualizing delusions and hallucinations are increasingly being contested (by critical psychologists and by some of those who experience these kinds of phenomena). As part of this trend, this thesis highlights the need to move beyond traditional ways of construing delusions and hallucinations and to open up new ways of thinking about them. In Part One, I...

  9. The governal of health

    Kiernander, A. R. D.
    The Governal of Health is a text of historical and linguistic interest, having been printed by William Caxton about 1489, thus being the earliest medical work printed in English. No other detailed study of the text has been made, and it has not been used in the compilation of the Oxford English Dictionary or Kurath and Kühn's Middle English Dictionary. The principal objective of this edition has been to establish a clear and accurate text based on a detailed study of the eight located manuscript versions of the treatise, with constant reference to the Regimen Sanitatis of which it is...

  10. Potential precursors to the development of phonological awareness in preschool children

    Arrow, Alison Wendy
    Phonological awareness is one of the most important metacognitive skills needed for literacy development. However, the relationships between preschool phonological awareness and pre-literacy skills are only just beginning to be examined. An important area is the study of potential precursors to phonological awareness. The current research proposed that phonological awareness develops along a continuum of linguistic awareness beginning with syllables and moving towards the smallest level of the phoneme. In the current research, potential precursors were examined in two studies. The first study was an examination of preschool phonological awareness in a sample of 110 New Zealand four-year-old children with...

  11. Studies in Tokelauan syntax

    Hooper, Robin
    This thesis is composed of separate studies of aspects of Tokelauan syntax. They are united by an emphasis on the relation between linguistic forms and communicative functions, and in particular on the semantics and pragmatics of grammatical categories. Chapter 1, 'Outline of the main structures of Tokelauan' forms a background for the more intensive studies of later chapters. After short sections on phonology, morphology and word classes, I describe the composition of noun phrases and verb phrases, the pronoun system, and the internal structure and semantics of nominalisations. The final two sections cover a number of aspects of the structure...

  12. Translation and understanding: mental models as an interface in the process of translation

    Kikuchi, Atsuko
    This thesis discusses two characteristics of language which affect translation, using English and Japanese examples. However, the general points made in the thesis are not specific to these two languages. One characteristic of language is that it encodes particular perceptions of experience by its users. Word meaning is defined in this thesis in terms of the typical experience the language user associates with a word. Concepts for which there are no single lexical items are encoded by putting together words which the speaker thinks best characterise the concept. This particular characterisation of a concept may become established in the language...

  13. Namakir: a description of a central Vanuatu language

    Sperlich, Wolfgang B., 1948-
    This is a description of the phonology, morphology and syntax of Namakir, a language of the Oceanic subgroup of Austronesian, which is spoken on some six small islands of the Shepherd Islands, central Vanuatu. My perspective on Namakir is that of a person trained in linguistics, who carried out linguistic fieldwork for the purpose of grammatical description. In addition I contributed to ethnographic work as well as compiling data for a dictionary, part of which is appended to the present description. Namakir is a conservative language which retains many features that make Oceanic languages unique. Thus it is a valuable...

  14. First language attrition in a second language learning environment: the case of Korean-English late bilinguals

    Kim, Sun Hee
    This thesis explores L1 attrition among young Korean-English late bilinguals. Thirty Korean immigrants to New Zealand, who had arrived at the age of 12-13 years and had spent at least 2 years in New Zealand, participated in the study. Ten monolingual Korean children aged 12 years served as a comparison group for L1 data. Linguistic data in both L1 and L2 were elicited by a standardised picture-naming test and a story-retelling task supplemented by a stimulated recall protocol. Information related to social variables and language use patterns was elicited through a questionnaire and interviews. Skehan (1996; 1998; 2001) proposes three...

  15. Pakeha discourses of Maori/Pakeha relations

    McCreanor, Tim
    This thesis uses a discourse analytic approach to the language used by Pakeha in talk about Maori in Aotearoa/New Zealand. The research begins with an assay of a large body of public submissions and, using the finding of common themes and patterns of ideas, images and usages running though the data, proceeds to examine texts arising from other contexts in order to comment on the generality of the original results. It is suggested that the commonalities described amount to an ideological and linguistic resource base for the construction of a powerful "standard story" of Maori/Pakeha relations, which underpins and legitimates...

  16. The use of pistis and cognate words in the Apostolic Fathers

    Gilmour, Thomas Calum
    The Apostolic Fathers is the name given to the body of literature, written in Greek, which dates from immediately after the New Testament period. The works cover the last decade of the 1st century AD, and the first half of the second century. They give a varied picture of the moral and doctrinal state of the early Christian Church in a period characterised by constant threat of persecution and martyrdom on the one hand, and growth in theological and ethical understanding on the other. The works considered in this thesis are the genuine letters of Ignatius; the Shepherd of Hermas;...

  17. A behavioural and functional imaging investigation of Stroop task performance in late proficient bilinguals

    Badzakova-Trajkov, Gjurgjica
    In this thesis, Stroop task performance was investigated (using behavioural, electrophysiological and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) techniques) in late and proficient adult bilinguals currently living in the second language (L2) environment. Monolingual participants, matched for age and handedness, were recruited as controls. The Stroop colour-word task was considered an appropriate tool to test the general hypothesis that bilingualism might influence executive or cognitive control processes. In Study One, a dual-task paradigm was used for assessing the lateralisation of language functions (given the linguistic nature of the Stroop paradigm used here) in the bilinguals (Macedonian-English/M-E). Bilinguals showed a more bilateral...

  18. Psychosomatic dimensions of chronic musculoskeletal pain

    Large, Bob, 1945-
    This thesis sets out to explore some psychosomatic dimensions of chronic musculoskeletal pain. Pain is a phenomenon which is universally recognised and experienced but nevertheless presents a very real epistemological problem. For convenience, the philosophical approach chosen here is that of linguistic parallelism which views pain as a range of abstract concepts defined in a variety of ‘languages’ or disciplines in a complementary and interactive way. Psychiatric formulations of pain include the concepts of conversion, object relations and the associations of pain with a developmental history of suffering and defeat and a diagnosis of depression. These ideas have been to...

  19. Daz sint noch ungelogeniu wort: a literary and linguistic commentary on the Gurnemanz episode in Book iii of Wolfram’s Parzival (161,9-179,12)

    Gilmour, Simon Julian
    Note: Thesis now published. (2000) Gilmour, Simon Julian. Daz sint noch ungelogeniu wort : a literary and linguistic commentary on the Gurnemanz episode in book III of Wolfram's Parzival (161, 9-179, 12). Heidelberg : C. Winter.

  20. Post-Lapita developments in the Reef-Santa Cruz Islands, southeast Solomon Islands

    Doherty, Moira Winifrid
    The Pacific is a world of islands, so human migrations are necessarily part of the story of this world. It is somewhat surprising therefore to find that there are so many points of contention among archaeologists, linguists and biologists about the role that migrations have played in producing culture change in Pacific prehistory -just how many migrations are we talking about, on what scale, by whom, and when, and which discipline provides more reliable evidence? The specifics of the debate may be local, but the substantive issues have broader applicability. This thesis attempts to contribute to the debate by considering...

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