The perfectivization of the process in Russian and English
- Gorelik, Julija
One of the most important linguistic processes the speaker is obligatorily involved in is perfectivization. Any verbal process can be presented as completed, or perfective, or as incompleted, imperfective. Both completed and incompleted processes can be aspectually pure and non-pure. Aspectually pure processes are semantically simple since they have the feature [Perfective] only, while aspectually non-pure processes, besides having the feature [Perfective], have additional semantic features.
The present study is an attempt to examine perfective processes in Russian and English with a view to describing and comparing the means of perfectivization used in the said languages. The analysis of the evidence...
Analysis of closed Lithuanian subtitles in Cartoons The Wild, Ratatouille and Over the Hedge
- Judickaitė, Ligita
Despite the fact that films that are shown in Lithuanian cinemas are usually subtitled, subtitling, as a form of translation, is not a popular subject for linguistic investigations in Lithuania. This might be one of the factors that have negative influence on the quality of translated film subtitles. The primary aim of this thesis is to show that subtitles are as equally important subject of research as translated literature and can be analyzed from various points of view. In proof of the latter argument, first, this thesis presents the application of Venuti’s theory on foreignization and domestication to film subtitling...
Analysis of astronomical terms in Dinwiddie et al. "Universe" and its Lithuanian translation "Visata"
- Kudriavceva, Elena
This paper, which consists of two parts: theoretical and analytical, deals with astronomical terminology in English and Lithuanian. In the theoretical part of the thesis the characteristic features of the English and Lithuanian terminology are discussed in general and in specific contexts. In other words, the terminology as a linguistic discipline which coins the new words, is presented and compared with other three linguistic branches: lexicology, lexicography and semantics. Then, its main constituents, such as word, term, neologism and the linguistic processes, e.g. term translation and terminological analysis are introduced and defined. Consequently, the new astronomical branches, such as archaeoastronomy,...
Analysis of conversational structure from the perspective of language acquisition
- Balčiūnienė, Ingrida
The dissertation deals with acquisition and development of conversation between a child and parents. The main objective of the study was to define the development of conversation between a child and parents: to analyse how a child acquires the structure of conversation (learns initiating and closing a conversation, continuing topics, turn-taking, repairing conversation breakdowns), learns certain speech acts (the main focus is on the acquisition of directives and questions), and how the communicative behaviour of parents influences the acquisition of the native language grammar.
To achieve these goals the following research methods were applied: a longitudinal observation, a method of corpus...
Jurisprudence as the source of Roman law
- Urbanavičiūtė, Giedrė
The objective of the dissertation is jurisprudence as the source of Roman law. The research into the Roman legal science focuses on various periods in the development of Roman law and it seeks to bring to light the particularities of the jurisprudence in each of the periods. The aim of this dissertation is to highlight the value of Roman jurisprudence, its influence on Roman law itself and on present day legal systems. In pursuit of the defined goal of the research, the methods used are historical, comparative, systemising, linguistic, logical and teleological.
The conclusions derived from the research testify the Roman...
Sociolinguistic and Crosslinguistic Aspects of the Acquisition of English by Lithuanian University Students
- Braun, Algis Prekeris
This dissertation combines psycholinguistic, sociolinguistic and cognitive linguistic approaches to study the language production phenomenon of crosslinguistic influence (CLI). Modern psycholinguistics has taken an active interest in language production studies, offering a particularly influential model of speech production that is examined in detail. And yet, as many researchers have argued, language data alone are insufficient to paint an accurate portrait of a given speaker’s language use. Whether mono- or multilingual, a speaker’s system of language(s) is itself a sub-system of the language system of the speaker’s family, community, culture, etc. At the same time, recent cognitive linguistic advances in the...
Gyvenimas be lietuviško žodžio - ne gyvenimas
- Juozaitis, Arvydas
The linguistic situation underlies the nation’s existence. In the 20th century, there was time when Lithuania as a state was already becoming stronger and hence the language and state were merged into an inseparable whole. The Constitution of Lithuania proclaims that Lithuanian is a state language, however, it still is unable to ensure the Lithuanian language its proper status. Language very much depends on the national consciousness–if it is conceded to foreign tradition, the influence of other languages becomes stronger and the native tongue is mutilated and weakened. The community’s living is based on its language; therefore, preserving it is...
Pasisveikinimas ir atsisveikinimas XX a. Lietuvos kaime
- Bylaitė-Lapinskienė, Andželika
Language is one of the most universal and effective means of communication among people. The paper deals with greeting and farewell formulae as a linguistic expression of politeness and respect. The research has been based on the field investigation material collected from all regions of Lithuania. Chronologically, the data cover a period of the whole 20th century. The 20th century in Lithuania is known as a period witnessing huge changes in social and cultural environment and rapidly growing modern society, which eventually led to changes in traditional culture. The present paper aims at disclosing the process of traditional etiquette due...
- Grumadienė, Laima
The paper offers a review of Richard Hudson’s Sociolinguistics (1999), one of most famous textbooks in sociolinguistics. The textbook defines sociolinguistics as a linguistic science dealing with the relations between language and society, sociolinguistics is discussed in opposition to language sociology. The author points out that sociolinguistics aims at dialectology with its deep traditions of investigation and research into the relation between the meanings of words and culture. The nature of language and research into the structure of the language of society could be treated as an updated object of sociology. The textbook also gives evaluation to the main works...
Spaudos atgavimo šimtmetis ir lietuvių kalba
- Zinkevičius, Zigmas
40 years of prohibition by the Russian Empire of the Lithuanian press and script in the second half of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century did enormous harm to the Lithuanian nation and language. The authorities of the czarist Russia suppressed the Lithuanian spirit in all possible ways: the Lithuanian press was prohibited, in public schools all subjects, including religion, were to be taught in Russian, in public places Lithuanian was prohibited, all personal and place names were given Russian forms. The prohibition of the Lithuanian press was repealed on 1904. With the national movement and after...
A comparative analysis of english and lithuanian technical terms
- Marina, Valerija
The paper presents a comparative analysis of English and Lithuanian metaphorical terms based on the names of the parts of human body, plants, animals, materials, clothes, utensils, etc. The analysis is aimed at identifying their common and differing features as well as spotting the specific patterns of English terms presenting difficulties for speakers of Lithuanian in their comprehension, translation and usage. It has been found that metaphorical terms are used by both languages, however, they are more common in English. The differences lie not only in the number of the respective terms but in the semantic structure as well. English...
Acquisition of Lithuanian adjective: lexical and morphosyntactic features
- Kamandulytė, Laura
The main results of the PhD thesis are described in the summary.
The main objective of the thesis is to define the acquisition of lexical and morphosyntactic features of Lithuanian adjective. The analysis is based on the large quantity of linguistic data (~ 400 000 words), which is the corpus of four children compiled according the method of longitudinal observation. The study has interchangeably applied several methods of analysis: longitudinal observation, corpus linguistics, error analysis and comparative method.
Statements to be Defended
1. Lexical features of adjectives are acquired by children with difficulties: they often confuse adjectives of a single semantic group...
Introduction into linguistics : a teaching guide
- Masaitienė, Dalia
The teaching aid is devoted for the introduction into linguistics for the students of English philology. It presents a concise discussion of some of the main principles of modern linguistics and presents topics on phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics and sociolinguistics. The aid is also provided with exercises on each topic which are graded from less difficult to advanced. It also includes a glossary of the most important linguistic terms.
Gli italianismi del lituano e il loro adattamento linguistico
- Lanza, Stefano M.
Si opera una ricognizione delle parole di origine italiane nel lituano moderno con una loro analisi sia dal punto di fonetico-morfologico, sia da quello dell'uso.
Tarot cards: an investigation of their benefit as a tool for self reflection
- Hofer, Gigi Michelle
The purpose of this study was to investigate the way in which regular users of Tarot cards employ the cards and the focus was on the participants', or co-researchers', use of Tarot for self-reflection rather than for divination. Although Tarot cards have been in existence for at least 700 years (Beal, 1975; Cavendish, 1975) and there are over 1000 different Tarot decks, and the related oracle decks, in existence (Aeclectic Tarot, 2009) there is a paucity of academic research on Tarot use (Crocker, 2004). Studies that have been done on Tarot have focused on its effectiveness as a divination tool...
Implementation of a fuzzy logic based seeding depth control system
- Tessier, Thomas R.
Imprecise seeding depth can lead to lower crop yields and increased power requirements. For example, a variation of 2.56 cm (1 inch) from optimum depth results in 45%, 25%, and 15% reduction in the emergence of soybeans, sorghum, and wheat, respectively. Problems encountered with traditional linear seeding depth control systems include oscillation, instability, and inaccurate depth control in undulating terrain. Variations of 1.27 cm to 4.45 cm (0.5 to 1.75 inches) are not uncommon. The control system in this research utilizes a microprocessor-based fuzzy logic control process in combination with a novel seeding depth gauge system. This system combines the...
The maintenance of Portuguese as a heritage language in Winnipeg
- Mota, Carlos A.
The Maintenance of Portuguese as a Heritage Language in Winnipeg is a study of the maintenance of the Portuguese language among members of the first and second generations in the Portuguese community in Winnipeg. In order to understand the context of this language maintenance, important details of the Portuguese immigration to Canada and of the Portuguese community in Winnipeg are presented. The study examines the extent to which the Portuguese language has been used by first and second generation members and determines the differences in language proficiency present in both generations. The respondents, members of 66 Luso-Canadian households in Winnipeg,...
Linguistic and motor constraints on the timing of transcription
- Munhall, Kevin G. (Kevin George)
Some philosophical and educational implications of linguistic and analytic approaches to the mind-body problem.
- Ryan, William Lionel.
Learning of a miniature linguistic system : effects of external referents and order of word classes.
- Moeser, Shannon Dawn.