The effects of pedagogic interventions were evaluated to the development of linguistic and metalinguistic competences in a class with students of 1st and 2nd grade of primary school children, of a rural school
- Edivone Meire Oliveira
As atividades essenciais à sobrevivência em culturas grafocêntricas impõem a língua escrita. O fracasso na aquisição dessa competência obstaculiza um amplo conjunto de possibilidades interativas de comunicação e expressão. Todavia, não obstante os altos índices de escolarização, os resultados das avaliações nacionais e estaduais apontam o fracasso da escola pública brasileira na alfabetização de seus alunos, sobretudo no caso das crianças partícipes de variação lingüística rural. Portanto, em 2006, efetivou-se um estudo de caso avaliativo, de caráter etnográfico, mediante uma pesquisa-intervenção, objetivando-se analisar as possíveis influências de uma variação lingüística à alfabetização infantil. Avaliaram-se os efeitos de intervenções pedagógicas ao...
Relevância e compreensão na literatura infantil : uma análise na interface semântica/pragmática
- Rita de Cássia Oliveira
O presente estudo, inserido na área temática da Lingüística, tem por objetivo verificar a eficácia de uma abordagem do significado na interface interna das subáreas semântica/pragmática para a compreensão de narrativas da Literatura Infantil Brasileira, com a qual propomos uma interface externa. A arquitetura teórica composta pela Teoria das Implicaturas de Grice (1975), bem como as ampliações e revisões de seus estudos iniciais propostos por Costa (1984, 2004) e Levinson (2000) além da Teoria da Relevância de Sperber &Wilson (1986, 1995), foi aplicada como método de análise à obra Que raio de história!, de Sylvia Orthof (1994), escolhida para ilustrar...
I Congreso de Estudios Asturianos : Oviedo, del 10 al 13 de mayo de 2006
- Real Instituto de Estudios Asturianos
Esta publicación recoge las comunicaciones y ponencias presentadas al I Congreso de Estudios Asturianos celebrado en Oviedo con motivo del sexagésimo aniversario del Real Instituto de Estudios Asturianos. Desde una perspectiva multidisciplinar se indaga en los ámbitos más diversos del pasado y del presente de la sociedad asturiana. En el primer tomo se reúnen los trabajos sobre Lingüística, Literatura y Tradiciones; en los tomos segundo, tercero y cuarto, los de Historia, Geografía, Antropología, Folclore y Etnografía; en el tomo quinto, los de Artes, Arquitectura y Urbanismo; en el sexto, los de Ciencias de la Naturaleza y Tecnología, y finalmente, en...
Roteiros culturais, frames e metáforas conceituais : abordagens para o estudo da unidade/diversidade linguistica/cultural dos falantes da língua espanhola
- Alba Elena Escalante Alvarez
This study aims to analyze communications strategies of a group of Hispanics of different origins. For that purpose, we define communications strategies as resources used in face to face encounters to give meaning to what we want to express. These are broken down into analytical units based on the following theoretical models: cultural scripts, frames, and conceptual metaphors. This choice allows us to outline the relationship between language, culture and thought with an empirical perspective that offers a framework to study the diversity of language and culture of Spanish speakers. The data for this case study was obtained through questionnaires...
Prominent messages in education and applied linguistic abstracts : how do authors appeal to their prospective readers?
- Golebiowski, Zosia
This study investigates the rhetorical structure of abstracts of papers published in Applied Linguistics and Education. It examines how abstract authors in these two fields emphasise the significance of their research, and how they appeal to their prospective readership. Although abstracts in both disciplinary groups are found to display a coordinate textual development they exhibit a utilization of different relational schemata to indicate the functional prominence of textual propositions. In particular, different relational patterns are seen to be employed to fulfil the two primary objectives of an abstract: to provide a synopsis of the accompanying article, and to promote it...
As orações pseudo-relativas modalizadoras: aspectos formais e funcionais
- Ana Paula Silva Vieira Trindade
This work intends to reflect about the syntactic, semantic and discursive aspects associated to the use of pseudo relative sentences with modal remarks. To begin with, we tried to verify if, in traditional grammars, former and latter ones to NGB, and in descriptive grammars of the Portuguese language, as well as in the linguistic research about the relative sentences, there is a reference to the kind of construction we labeled as pseudo relative modal sentences. From this initial bibliographical overview, we saw that this construction seems to have been neglected by grammarians and linguists, because there is almost no allusion...
Culinária brasileira e portuguesa : itens lexicais em comparação
- Giselle Salgado Ferreira Fatureto
Esta dissertação, realizada no âmbito do Léxico e da Terminologia, é um estudo linguístico comparativo de itens lexicais verbais, selecionados de receitas de bacalhau da culinária brasileira e portuguesa, sob enfoque sincrônico. O motivo deste estudo é investigar a variação terminológica nas 54 entidades verbais que compõem o modo de preparo das 12 receitas analisadas. A seleção dos verbos como objeto de estudo ocorreu em virtude de serem elementos centrais deste tipo de gênero textual. Nesta pesquisa, propomo-nos a (i) verificar se os termos comparados, no caso verbos, são sinônimos terminológicos, quer dizer, se seus significados são idênticos e podem...
Frequency discrimination deficits in people with specific language impairment : reliability, validity, and linguistic correlates
- McArthur, G. M; Bishop, D. V. M
The reliability and validity of a frequency discrimination (FD) task were tested in 16 people with specific language impairment (SLI) and 16 people with normal spoken language (controls). The FD thresholds of the 2 groups indicated that FD thresholds for 25-ms and 250-ms tones were remarkably stable across 18 months. The FD thresholds were lower for control listeners than for listeners with SLI for both duration conditions, and the FD thresholds for both groups of listeners were lower for 250-ms tones than for 25-ms tones. Moreover, the FD thresholds were influenced little by nonperceptual, task-related abilities (e.g., paired-associative learning, memory...
Statistical correlation analysis between lip contour parameters and formant parameters for Mandarin monophthongs
- Wu, Junru; Pan, Xiaosheng; Kong, Jiangping; Liew, Alan Wee-Chung
In this study we examine quantitatively the correlation between the geometric lip contour parameters and the formant parameters for Mandarin monophthongs, and carry out a multiple linear regression study between the two parameters. We explicitly analyze the relationship between different geometric lip parameters and the formant parameters, which have some linguistic significance instead of the usual acoustic parameters such as MFCC. We analyzed the linguistic meaning of the regression formula, and found it in accord with the classical result on the relationship between vocaltrack and speech acoustics. And those regions with relatively poor effect of estimation are related to specific...
Intention and diverging interpretings of implicature in the "uncovered meat" sermon
- Haugh, Michael Bevan
The standard model of communication in linguistic pragmatics is founded on the assumption that “successful” communication involves the addressee making inferences about the intentions of the speaker. Miscommunication of implicatures thus presumably arises when the addressee does not correctly infer the speaker's intention. In this paper, however, it is argued that this view of the (mis)communication of implicatures does not adequately account for the manner in which intentions may become the subject of discursive dispute in interaction thereby giving rise to diverging interpretings of implicatures. Drawing from an analysis of the “uncovered meat” comments made by Sheik Taj Din al-Hilali...
Depicting cross-cultural interaction: figurative designs in wood, earth and stone from south-east Australia
- Tacon, Paul; South, Barrina; Hooper, Shaun Boree
We examine Aboriginal wooden artefacts traded between European and Aboriginal Australians in south-east Australia in order to gain insight into the impact of cross-cultural interaction on Aboriginal art traditions. Although we focus on wooden objects with figurative designs made and exchanged over the past 150 or more years, as well as their links to earlier ground, tree and rock-art traditions, the study contributes to a larger understanding of cultural change not well documented with ethnography. Information from 469 individual pieces in 90 private and public collections, is summarised, along with the development of individual, community and regional styles. A theory...
Email-facilitated qualitative interviews with traumatic brain injury survivors: A new and accessible method
- Egan, Jennifer; Chenoweth, Lesley Irene; McAuliffe, Donna
Primary objective: To trial the method of email-facilitated qualitative interviewing with people with a traumatic brain injury. Research design: Qualitative semi-structured email-facilitated interviews. Procedures: Nineteen people (17 severe diagnosis) with a TBI participated in email interviews. Main outcomes and results: Findings indicate that this method facilitates the participation of people with TBI in qualitative interviews. Advantages include increased time for reflection, composing answers, and greater control of the interview setting. In addition, the data indicates that people with TBI are capable of greater insight, reflection and humour than indicated by previous research. Conclusion: Findings indicate that new technologies may advance...
Foreign Language students' perceptions of a reflective approach to text correction
- Miceli, Tiziana
This paper presents a teaching model developed to encourage second-year university students of Italian to reflect upon their writing process and to consider error correction as an active source of learning. While composing their own autobiography, students were encouraged to draw on teacher indirect feedback in order to self-correct errors, to incorporate this feedback in the redrafting of text, and to reflect on their use of linguistic forms. It is argued that this combination of teaching strategies which forms the model explored in this paper plays a crucial role in assisting students to take responsibility for their own learning. To...
All the World's a Stage! But how many of our NESB students are players?
- Girdwood, Jill; Gilmour, Lyn; Bartlett, Brendan John
Marsden State High School, located in Logan City south of Brisbane, Australia, reflects the extensive cultural and linguistic diversity characterising population shift into this fast-growing, multicultural area where most families are within low socio- economic bands and where many home languages are different from the English medium of instruction in Australia's schools. Over fifty different cultures are represented in the student body where nearly one in three students has a non-English speaking background. Many such students struggle to cope with written language demands of the curriculum although substantial numbers present as orally competent. This source of additional diversity challenges both...
Language planning, linguistic diversity and democracy in Europe
- Liddicoat, Anthony John
Concepts of workplace knowledge
- Stevenson, John Charles
This chapter introduces and draws upon the other papers in this volume to address the issue of how task performance is achieved in workplace settings and the extent to which the knowledge needed for task performance is generic (that is, transcends workplace settings). Specific questions involving the mutual interaction of task performance, knowledge use, and people and artifacts are raised. The questions are then explored from a variety of theoretical frameworks, including cultural historical activity theory, cognitive theory, and socio-cultural and socio-linguistic theories.
Language, Arithmetic Word Problems and Deaf Students: Linguistic Strategies Used by Deaf Students to Solve Tasks
- Zevenbergen, Robyn Levenia; Hyde, Mervyn Bruce; Power, Des
Intentional and attentional dynamics of speech-hand coordination
- Treffner, Paul Jaak; Peter, Mira
Interest is rapidly growing in the hypothesis that natural language emerged from a more primitive set of linguistic acts based primarily on manual activity and hand gestures. Increasingly, researchers are investigating how hemispheric asymmetries are related to attentional and manual asymmetries (i.e., handedness). Both speech perception and production have origins in the dynamical generative movements of the vocal tract known as articulatory gestures. Thus, the notion of a gesture can be extended to both hand movements and speech articulation. The generative actions of the hands and vocal tract can therefore provide a basis for the (direct) perception of linguistic acts....
Diverse voices in a Second Language Classroom: Burlesque, parody and mimicry
- Hirst, Elizabeth Wyshe
Competence has been theorised as the appropriation of voices that have audibility and status within specific social contexts. In this study, I employ this approach to examine how students in a second language classroom deploy linguistic and cultural resources to both resist and appropriate aspects of the teacher's voices. A key episode is analysed to show the nuances of students' ventriloquation of diverse voices (not normally associated with traditional classroom talk) to construct a complex social order and shifting strategic identities.
A Sociocultural Analysis of Language Learning: New Forms of Literacy Practices in a Language and Culture Awareness Program
- Cumming-Potvin, Wendy; Renshaw, Peter David; Kraayenoord, Christa van
This paper reports on a sociocultural study conducted in a Catholic primary school in the Australian outback and provides insights into how policy related to Languages Other Than English (LOTE) programmes is implemented in a specific location and interwoven within the literacypracticesof children, parents and teachers.A case study that tracked a Year Four student's learning and development during a Language and Culture Awareness Programme is discussedwithin a discourse of cultural and linguistic practices. Significant aspects of the student's learning related to a phenomenon calledmulti-tieredscaffolding temporarilydisrupted the establishedliteracy practices in the school community. Implications of the research for second-language teaching and...