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Nomenclatura Unesco > (57) Lingüística

Mostrando recursos 38,041 - 38,060 de 64,073

38041. Reconceiving texts as speech acts : an analysis of the first Epistle of John - Neufeld, Dietmar
This dissertation reexamines the assumption that regards the language of a text to be primarily discursive and propositional, signifying the antecedents to its real world, whether real or hypothetical. It will be argued that such an assumption reduces the meaning of the text to the nexus of its historical relationships. A methodological reconsideration sets out to reconceive the text of I John as a function of language, i.e., a communicative event encapsulating a series of speech acts which constitute the subjectivity of both writer and reader/hearer and which make truth claims about the world and about God though scarcely in...

38042. The phonological history of Arapaho : a study in linguistic change - Picard, Marc

38043. The underlying factor structure of L2 cloze test performance in francophone, university-level students : causal modeling as an approach to construct validation - Turner, Carolyn E. (Carolyn Elizabeth), 1951-
This study investigated the underlying factor structure of second language (L2) cloze test performance as explained by a theoretical model including the following hypothetical constructs: cloze-taking ability, knowledge of language, knowledge of text content, and knowledge of contextual constraints. Eight cloze tests reflecting the posited factors were constructed and administered to 182 Francophone, university-level students. The factors were examined separately and in combination through a causal model building process. A model composed of three orthogonal factors was confirmed and accepted as the best explanation of the data. The results indicate that cloze performance is dependent upon knowledge of a specific...

38044. A critical edition of the Targum of Psalms : a computer generated text of books I and II - White, Emanuel
This dissertation presents the first critical edition of the Aramaic Targum (translation) of the Biblical Book of Psalms, chapters 1-72. All known complete medieval manuscripts of this Targum were examined and recorded by the author, and compared to the Breslau manuscript--which has been selected to serve as the base text. The use of a computer for recording, manipulation, and printing of data was also an important innovation. A section of "Notes" is appended--dealing with certain orthographic, scribal, and linguistic features.

38045. Elementary sentences containing 'be' : a semantic analysis of subject-predicate relations - Styan, Evelyn Matheson
Within a theoretical framework that combines generative X-bar syntax (Chomsky 1986), a compositional interpretive semantics and elements of Aristotelian logic, this thesis studies the nature of the syntactic and semantic constituents involved in the subject-predicate relations of elementary sentences containing 'be'. Interpretation is characterized in terms of the entities of various types that speakers intend to refer to and the various ontological types that the referents are said to belong to. 'Be' is analyzed as a single lexical item. This analysis unifies all syntactic functions (e.g., auxiliary, copula, main verb) and all "senses" of 'be' (e.g., definitional, equative, predicative, etc.)....

38046. Coordinate and subordinate conjunctions in children's texts - Laubitz, Zofia
This thesis examines the use of conjunctions in texts, and in particular their function as a marker of text type. Children's acquisition of this aspect of conjunction usage is the main focus. An examination of the characteristics of various text types and the nature of coordinate and subordinate conjunctions in English serves as a framework within which the experimental evidence from adults and children (aged three to five) is considered. Three types of texts--conversation, narratives, and game explanations--were collected. It was found that both the types of conjunctions used and the frequency of conjunctions as a class vary according to...

38047. L'inscription de la parole dans le rcit littraire vers une thorie de la reprsentation du verbal - Belli-Bivar, Gillian
To date, semiotics has not concerned itself with a systematic theorization of dialogue structures within narrative prose. Per- ceived as microtextual phenomena, deprived, therefore, of their own particular structure and function on the underlying syntactico-semantic structure of narrative logic, the linguistic activities of characters have generally been considered as more or less perfect copies of real speech, responsible for elements of characterization, pittoresque and narrative detente. In this paper, an attempt is made to reinstate narrative dialogue within the problematic relations to which it gives rise, that is, the relations it maintains with real speech and with other narrative components,...

38048. Analyse smantique et pragmatique du discours rapport - Forget, Danielle, 1952-
This thesis contains a critical review of the most important approaches to reported speech or those pertinent to it in the linguistic literature. Several problems concerning quotation parentheticals and presuppositions have been discussed and some solutions are proposed. The main issue, referred to as "the point of view", is worked out as an extension of the classical notion of transparency and opacity applied to NP, to several other elements of sentence structures. As a result, a set of interpretive rules are formulated which specify whether certain linguistic configurations promote a transparent or opaque interpretation of the sentence or part of...

38049. Maurice Maeterlinck et Wassily Kandinsky : un langage esthtique fond sur l'abstraction - Arcand, Nathalie
In On the Spiritual in Art, Wassily Kandinsky, one of the founders of abstract art, turns to the Symbolist playwright Maurice Maeterlinck in his quest for a new aesthetic language. Both the playwright and the painter, in breaking away from Naturalist aesthetics, seek to free the signifier and the signified, in literature and in painting, from their referential function. In particular, the painter considers Maeterlinck's treatment of a word: the components of a linguistic sign, that is, its acoustic imprint and its internalized visual image, conceived of and apprehended by a spectator's subjectivity, are now combined arbitrarily. As autonomous entities,...

38050. From both sides of a border, writing home : the autoethnography of an Armenian-Canadian - Yaghejian, Armine
This thesis explores issues of literacy and identity through a social constructionist perspective by discussing the concept of a linguistic and national home for an Armenian-Canadian. Through autoethnography, I connect my personal experiences to my culture, and construct a sense of 'home' by writing from both sides of a border: Armenian and Canadian. Autobiographical approaches make use of the self to construct meanings that illuminate larger themes and bear implications for wider audiences (Cole & Knowles, 2000; Kamanos-Gamelin, 2001; Mitchell & Weber, 1999; O'Reilly-Scanlon, 2000). Thus, as I describe the outcomes of my experiences of literacy and identity, I consider...

38051. La lingua in Primo Levi / - Thorne, Alison, 1978-
This thesis discusses the role of language in Primo Levi's Se questo e un uomo and La tregua. On the basis of Levi's conviction that language and communication are an essential part of civilized human existence, such critics as Brian Cliff, Patricia Sayre and Linnea Vacca have focused on the role of language in the destruction of the human being in concentration camps, while Valerio Ferme and Fabio Girelli-Carasi have also underlined the power of language to regenerate a sense of humanity in Auschwitz and after. This paper attempts to integrate these two approaches to the early work of Primo...

38052. The linguistic system of a deaf language learner : examining the effects of delayed language exposure - Hargraves, Lisa
This investigation reports on the linguistic and communicative abilities of a deaf child whose initial exposure to conventional linguistic input occurred at the age of 10. At the time of data collection, the participant had been exposed to American Sign Language (ASL) for three years. Information concerning the participant's background, language and communication abilities was collected through caregiver interviews. Language samples were gathered through storybook and video retelling tasks and spontaneous conversations. Samples were videotaped, and later transcribed by a native deaf signer of ASL. Analyses of the participant's lexical, morphological, syntactic, and pragmatic skills were performed. Results showed deficits...

38053. Self-identification processes and their reflection in the language of fourth-wave emigrants in Montreal - Migdissova, Svetlana
The thesis analyzes the speech behavior of Russian emigrants of the fourth wave during the period of their adaptation to the life in the "new" country. The research is based on text material collected in the Montreal Russian community in the period 1998--2003. In the course of processing the material the author used methods of comparative analysis and lexical and semantic analysis. The thesis deals with the linguistic forms in which the process of individual self-identification materializes when people leave their mother country to live in another. Special attention is paid to the terms used to describe the homeland, the...

38054. The politics of silence / - Chbib, Bachar
Silence has traditionally been analysed in linguistic terms as those moments of non-speech/non-sound interspersed between words and sounds. I will attempt to take this academic reasoning further to deconstruct established notions of silence and incorporate contemporary methods of investigation to arrive at a more viable and dynamic observation of the event. Silence goes beyond this simple dualistic and binary contrast and I believe may reveal itself as negotiator of language, wherein the impossibility of an absolute truth is translated into the imminent. This thesis will be an attempt at a discourse that redefines silence's fleeting site as an impending source...

38055. The effects of input enhancement and metalinguistic/collaborative awareness on the acquisition of plural-s : an ESL classroom experiment - Kleinman, Eva
This study evaluated the effects of input enhancement techniques and metalinguistic/collaborative awareness on the acquisition of the plural -s morpheme. Additionally, the durability of these interventions on the target linguistic feature was examined. The two treatment groups and the comparison group consisted of 101 grade 5 students enrolled in a French-language school board in the Montreal area. A pretest-posttest design was used to assess participants before and after the treatments. A series of 8 oral and written treatment activities focusing on plural -s were specifically created for the study, which lasted 4 weeks. The findings demonstrate that both groups showed...

38056. The effects of outlets for English use in anglophone learners of French in the study abroad environment / - Ward, Nathaniel, 1978-
This study examined a group of English-speaking individuals temporarily residing in the province of Quebec who were studying French. I expected to find that language students who take an active role seeking opportunities to practice French outside of the classroom would demonstrate acquisition of a native speaker (NS) language variant more than those students who take a passive role in seeking out informal French interactions or those who actively sought instead interaction in English. However, no significant correlation between active or passive reactions to the learning environment and the production of the language variant was established. Students who actively sought...

38057. The implications of the Copenhagen political criteria on the language rights of the Kurds in Turkey / - Soykan, Taskin Tankut
In recent years, the attention is being increasingly drawn to the role of the European Union on the development of minority rights in the candidate countries. The adoption of the Copenhagen political criteria, which also require "respect for and protection of minorities," as preconditions that applicants must have met before they could join the Union has inevitably led to some policy changes to the minorities in Eastern Europe. This policy shift is particularly directed at minority language rights, because one of the most important aspects of the protection of minorities is the recognition of their linguistic identity. The aim of...

38058. Le language romanesque de Raymond Queneau : l'exemple du Chiendent - Rouette, Annik
This dissertation concerns the multilingual structure found in the fictitious works of French writer Raymond Queneau (1903-1976) by examining the different languages of genres that occur in this author's first novel, Le Chiendent (1933). The distinctive style of literary discourse and the diversity in the languages of interspersed genres found in this novel are examined. The stylistic analysis is inspired primarily by the Bakhtin theory and aims to shed light on Queneau's language-related practices in a fictitious context. The author's linguistic theory is then examined in order to better understand the philosophy that underlies this innovative practice. The dialogic function...

38059. tudiants-matres et diversit : quelles expriences, attitudes et croyances? - Valle, Jean-Sbastien
This thesis presents the results of a descriptive and exploratory study conducted with eight student-teachers preparing to teach English as a second language at McGill University in Montreal, Quebec. The purpose of this study was to explore the attitudes, experience and beliefs of the student-teachers towards diversity (sexual, ethnic, linguistic, economic, religious, etc.). The notion of intercultural education as promoted by the Quebec Ministry of Education and elaborated by Fernand Ouellet (2002) was used as a theoretical framework.

38060. The effects of matching learning strategies to learning modalities in the acquisition of the present perfect with adult ESL learners / - Bourgeois, Sophie
Three adult ESL students in a private setting participated in this case study, which investigated the effects of teaching students through strategy instruction, to adopt learning strategies that matched their individual learning style. I designed the training to draw attention to 16 learning strategies, that learners could chose from, according to their VARK (visual, aural, read and write, kinesthetic) profile. Instruction was provided in the context of an intermediate level 1 class, for a weekly three hour class. The focus of the study was to gain knowledge of cognition, metacognition and apply that knowledge to the use of personalised learning...

 

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