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Nomenclatura Unesco > (57) Lingüística

Mostrando recursos 41 - 60 de 52,401

Abstract: With the recent student’s behaviour evolution, we have some difficulties in evaluating their needs and in understanding their motivation for scientific studies. Theses difficulties generate a loss of effectiveness in our teaching process. Thus, some alternating pedagogical approaches are going to be tested. We suggest here, the use of N.L.P (Neuro Linguistic Programming) as a tool to improve the motivation and the quality of the relation between teachers and students. Some person from the technical staff of our School has been trained to these NLP techniques. It makes it possible to measure the effects and the impacts of NLP...

42. Reconstructing English Language Teaching in Taiwanese English Departments: An Interface between language and literature - Hui-wei Lin; Ching-chung Guey
This paper argues for the use of literature for language teaching purposes. More important, it claims consistently that the use of literature for language teaching purposes can promote literary understanding and general linguistic awareness in col-lege students. It first reviews some issues underlying the literary curriculum and lit-erary pedagogy in colleges. In response to the problems identified, some suggestive accounts are made from broader theoretical perspectives for a pedagogic change. A “multi-directional approach ” is then proposed for the teaching of literature. Follow-ing this model of language instruction, we have sought to provide a rationale for such an approach. The...

43. 1The effects of linguistic experience on the perception - Christina M. Esposito
of phonation

44. to appear) A pragmatic explanation of the stage level/individual level contrast in combination with locatives - Claudia Maienborn
One important difference between stage level predicates (SLPs) and individual level predicates (ILPs) is their behavior with respect to locative modifiers. It is commonly assumed that SLPs but not ILPs combine with locatives. The present study argues against a semantic account for this behavior (as advanced by e.g. Kratzer 1995, Chierchia 1995) and proposes a genuinely pragmatic explanation of the observed stage level/individual level contrast instead. The proposal is spelled out using Blutner’s (1998, 2000) optimal-ity theoretic version of the Gricean maxims. Building on the observation that the respective locatives are not event-related but frame-setting modifiers, the preference for main...

45. An Ellipsis Detection Method based on a Clause Parser for Arabic Language - Kais Haddar; Abdelmajid Ben Hamadou
Fllipsis has always been a centre of academic interest, be it in linguistic theory or in computational linguistics. In the present paper, we propose aa ellipsis detection method tbr the Arabic language using the ATN formalism. "llais lbnnalism, which is easy to implement, ullox ~ us to construct an etl~cient clause parser to detect ellipses in complex sentence structures. Then, we give a lbnnal characterisation of ellipsis and a detection method based on an ATN grammar Ibr well-lbrmed clauses. Finally, we present some criteria to classify ’ complex elliptical sentences in order to elaborate specific resolution algoritluns.

46. Irish Migration Studies in Latin America Novillo-Corvalán, Patricia. ‘Literary Migrations ’ 157 Literary Migrations: Homer’s Journey through Joyce’s Ireland and Walcott’s Saint Lucia - Patricia Novillo-corvalán
This paper examines the literary kinship found in the works of Derek Walcott, James Joyce and Homer. Principally, it explores the way in which Walcott transplanted the classical epic tradition onto his Caribbean island of Saint Lucia in the wake of Joyce’s similar shifting of the Odyssey to twentieth-century Dublin. It argues that Walcott forged a colonial affiliation with Irish literature, which he used as a model for his reflections on the linguistic, cultural and historical situation of Saint Lucia. The paper concludes with Walcott’s homage to Joyce in his epic poem Omeros, which underlines the significant fact that the...

47. $rec.titulo - Aimée Lahaussois
Thulung Rai is a Tibeto-Burman language spoken in eastern Nepal, in the Solu Khumbu district. It is subgrouped with the Kiranti languages, all of which are spoken roughly in the same geographical area, based on its complex verbal morphology, marking both subject and object agreement with verbal suffixes. Thulung is endangered (my estimate is 1000 speakers in the year 2000), with no fluent speakers younger than twenty, and has been subject to the inroads of Nepali, the Indo-Aryan national language of Nepal. I first became interested in Thulung because of an attempt of Jim's to have it as the target...

This paper describe the SMT system developed by the TALP Research Center of the UPC (Universitat Politèc-nica de Catalunya) for the Albayzin 2008 evaluation cam-paign (Spanish to Basque translation task). Apart from a standard set of feature models, the system introduces two target language models: one based on lemmas and the second based on linguistic classes (Part-of-Speech). The word-to-word alignment was obtained using a segmented version of the Basque corpus. The results obtained over the development and test sets are analyzed and discussed. 1.

49. Citizenship Testing and Linguistic Integration in Australia and Germany - Zeitschrift Für Interkulturellen Fremdsprachenunterricht; Martina Möllering
Abstract. This contribution is concerned with German as a Second Language in the context of testing for citizenship require-ments. The changes to German citizenship and immigration laws and the introduction of integration courses and citizenship testing in Germany are discussed and compared to the situation in Australia, a country of immigration par excellence. The importance of language in the context of citizenship testing in both countries is critically discussed and linked to an examina-tion of a concept of “integration ” that does not seem mutually inclusive, but rather assumes linguistic integration on the part of the immigrant aspiring to citizenship...

The paper presents the application of Computational Modeling and Simulation in the Science and Engineer-ing (CMSSE) domain of gene expression. Applied to micro array data analysis one may introduce soft com-puting algorithm for CMSSE as part of sensitization or preprocessing. While sensitization enable the condi-tioning of case study specific classifiers, scientists are able using specific linguistic IF-THEN rules to create appropriate fuzzy sets, that can be helpful for use in micro array data analysis. Henceforth, scientists will be empowered handling this classifiers in situ, phased to their measuring equipment and/or case study specific parameters, under case investigation.

51. Variable Subject Personal Pronoun Expression: The Case of Colombian Costeño Spanish - Rafael Orozco; Gregory R. Guy
Spanish is a so-called ‘pro-drop ’ language, in which pronominal subjects are variably present. This study expands on a previous examination of the variable use of subject personal pronouns (SPPs) in the speech of residents of Barranquilla, the largest city in the Caribbean region of Colombia. This study examines the linguistic and social constraints that most significantly affect the distribution of overt and null SPPs in Colombian Costeño Spanish. Moreover, these factor groups are compared to those that significantly constrain the occurrence of SPPs in New York City reported by Otheguy and Zentella (2006). The data set explored in this...

52. Esperanto, an Asian Language?: Growth-promoting and Growth-limiting Factors in an Evolving Interlingual Ecosystem - Mark Fettes
Esperanto has a long history in Asia, a fact often neglected in discussions of its cultural and social significance. That history includes the dimensions of politics, identity, and education, which together situate the language within a complex network of interpersonal and interlingual relationships. If one wishes to forecast the future evolution of such a system, one needs to understand the structural factors that limit Esperanto’s growth, along with the factors that propel its spread. Such an analysis sheds light not only on Esperanto’s characteristics as a language, but also on the broader linguistic ecosystem within which it constitutes a minor...

53. Web Server Workload Forecasting – Fuzzy Linguistic Approach - Chin Wen Cheong; Amy Lim; Hui Lan; V. Ramach
Web server workload forecasting is one of the essential considerations in web server management and network upgrading. Due to variability of server workload distribution originated from unpredictable users ’ surfing behavior, the measurement of Web server performance metrics is characterized and modeled in fuzzy manner. A fuzzy inference system is formed using four Web server performance metrics and server utilization index are derived to determine the servers’ utilization states for every time period(s). A fuzzy Markov model is proposed to illustrate the state transitions of server resource utilization based on experts ’ linguistic evaluation of stationary transition probability. A steady...

54. Methods to address uncertainty in ecological risk assessment of Genetically Modified Organisms - Keith R Hayes; Regan Hm; Burgman Ma; Devlin Rh; Kapuscinski Ar; Dambacher Jm
There are three types of uncertainty encountered in ecological risk assessment: linguistic uncertainty, variability and incertitude. This distinction is important because these types arise from very different mechanisms, and risk analysts must use different approaches to represent, propagate and communicate these uncertainties in a risk assessment. Linguistic uncertainty occurs in ecological risk assessment because the language used to describe events and processes suffers from ambiguity, context dependence, underspecificity and vagueness. It is usually dealt with by carefully defining terms used in the assessment but can only be truly minimised by moving to a quantitative risk assessment. Variability is natural variation,...

55. Reductionism and Contextualism in Pragmatics and Discourse analysis - Anne Reboul; Jacques Moeschler; Université De Genève
Abstract: For the past twenty to thirty years, a good part of the domain of linguistics has been occupied by what has been called discourse analysis. Whereas syntax and sem antics are concerned by the sentence and the units from which the sentence is built, dis course analysis claims that interpretation cannot be accounted for at the level of the se ntence and that a bigger unit, such as discourse (usually rather poorly defined if at all), should be used to account for language interpretation. We want to show here that disc ourse is not, in any sense, a well...

56. Further Comment - Roy H Grieve; Roy H Grieve
This paper considers whether, as suggested by Roncaglia (1978), there exists, in how they relate to foregoing ideas, a similarity between Sraffa’s approach in the Production of Commodities by Means of Commodities to the theory of value and Wittgenstein’s later linguistic philosophy as expressed in the Philosophical Investigations. McLachlan and Swales (1998) take the view that no such affinity exists. We dispute the McLachlan and Swales assessment on the grounds that, in the works in question, Sraffa and Wittgenstein – each with reference to his own sphere of interest – are, in an analogous manner, denying the possibility of analysing,...

57. 1SeLeCT: A Lexical Cohesion Based News Story Segmentation System - Nicola Stokes A; Joe Carthy A; Alan F. Smeaton; N. Stokes
In this paper we compare the performance of three dis-tinct approaches to lexical cohesion based text segmen-tation. Most work in this area has focused on the dis-covery of textual units that discuss subtopic structure within documents. In contrast our segmentation task requires the discovery of topical units of text i.e. dis-tinct news stories from broadcast news programmes. Our approach to news story segmentation (the Se-LeCT system) is based on an analysis of lexical cohe-sive strength between textual units using a linguistic technique called lexical chaining. We evaluate the rela-tive performance of SeLeCT with respect to two other cohesion based segmenters:...

The paper is the first report on the experimental MT system developed as part of the Japanese-Russian Automatic tra.aslation Project (JaRAP). The sys-tem follows the transfer approach to MT. Limited so far to lexico-morphologieal processing, it is seen as a foundation for more ambitious linguistic research. The system is implemented on IBM PC, MS DOS, in Arity Prolog (analysis and transfer) and Turbo

59. Tropic Extensions of the Speech Act Scene in Karitiâna - Caleb Everett
In Karitiâna, certain pervasive morphological and syntactic patterns of voice are best understood in the light of socio-culturally oriented background information relevant to the speech setting. When such information is taken into account, it is evident that “exceptions ” to certain structural patterns are actually tropic extensions of the speech act scene, which is frequently highlighted by particular voice alterations. Such tropic extensions may be used to demonstrate social alignment between the speaker and a given 3rd person referent. The data explored here illustrate the continual need for wedding linguistic analyses with a more holistic understanding of the socio-cultural contexts...

The following research involves the use of Conversation Analysis (CA) in the analysis of classroom discourse within a year-long university level Chinese as a Foreign Language (CFL) course. The goals of the research were: (a) to look at how a specific, two-part activity within a CFL classroom is bounded by a pre-allocated instructor turn, (b) how the turn-taking structure of the activity is organized in terms of question/answer adjacency pairs, (c) how repair occurs within the data and whether, as well as in what form, uptake exists, and (d) how students orient to the on-going speech in general by incorporating...

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