Mostrando recursos 41 - 60 de 80.633

  1. Criação de ontologias linguísticas automáticas a partir de texto

    Ferreira, Eduardo Delazeri
    Ontologias linguísticas são recursos importantes na área de Processamento de Linguagem Natural, sendo a WordNet um exemplo de construção manual dessas ontologias. Infelizmente a criação e expansão dessas ontologias é difícil devido a necessidade de alta supervisão de especialistas. Para simplificar o processo de manutenção de ontologias foram criadas ontologias automáticas através de extração de padrões de texto. O método comumente usado para a criação automática de ontologias foi realizado em cima de corpus, buscando pares de palavras nestes textos para então descobrir padrões de ocorrência destas palavras. Esse é aplicável para aquisição de ontologia para qualquer domínio e quaisquer...

  2. Circle rima com purple, não é?

    Gomes, Sophie
    Os programas bilingues em educação são pouco frequentes em Portugal, em comparação com outros países. A crescente globalização da Sociedade exige-nos competências linguísticas diversificadas. O bilinguismo é atualmente aceite como um fenómeno natural e desejável, incluindo na Educação Pré-Escolar (EPE). Todavia, surgem dúvidas quanto ao adequado desenvolvimento da Consciência Fonológica da Língua Materna quando crianças tão novas são sujeitas a estímulos bilingues, por exemplo, se um ambiente de aprendizagem bilingue poderá comprometer ou não o sucesso do percurso escolar da criança. Surgiu assim o nosso problema de investigação: Em que medida uma EPE com programa bilingue poderá influenciar o desenvolvimento...

  3. Typing is writing: Linguistic properties modulate typing execution

    Pinet, Svetlana; Ziegler, Johannes C.; Alario, F-Xavier
    International audience

  4. Model-based Parametric Prosody Synthesis with Deep Neural Network

    Liu, H; Lu, H; Shao, X; Xu, Y
    Conventional statistical parametric speech synthesis (SPSS) captures only frame-wise acoustic observations and computes probability densities at HMM state level to obtain statistical acoustic models combined with decision trees, which is therefore a purely statistical data-driven approach without explicit integration of any articulatory mechanisms found in speech production research. The present study explores an alternative paradigm, namely, model-based parametric prosody synthesis (MPPS), which integrates dynamic mechanisms of human speech production as a core component of F0 generation. In this paradigm, contextual variations in prosody are processed in two separate yet integrated stages: linguistic to motor, and motor to acoustic. Here the...

  5. El nicho vacío: apuntes para una idea del hombre

    Leongomez Herrera, Alberto
    The main thesis in this essay is the idea that, having entered into a new era marked by the use of nuclear energy and the detonation of the atomic bombs in 1945 in Japan, the human species went into an evolutionary crisis which -among other expressions- takes shape as an identity crisis whose main evidence is the absence of an Idea of Man. So to fill this empty niche -the compass without which every education attempt proves vain- it is necessary to search for possible connections between the various theories and knowledge facts directly addressing the structure of human consciousness: linguistic...

  6. Positive impact of speech therapy in progressive non-fluent aphasia

    Andrade Calderón, Paola; Salvador Cruz, Judith; Sosa Ortiz, Ana Luisa
    The aim of this paper is to analyze the effects of intensive speech therapy intervention in a case of progressive non-fluent aphasia (PNFA). This is a dementia syndrome characterized by a progressive deficit in expressive language fluency and syntactic analysis, and by agrammatism and phonemic paraphasias. Although in the early stages there are no alterations in memory, comprehension, or visual processing, personality changes can slightly occur. To analyze the effects of speech therapy in this syndrome, a single case design with pre- and post-test was used. The participant was a male patient of 84 years with PNFA, who for twelve...

  7. (Inter)culturalidad, (inter)lingüística y cognición en el español nativo, de herencia y no nativo: Las pausas y autocorrecciones como indicadores

    Díaz, Lourdes; Enríquez, Núria
    Do communicative strategies such as pauses and self-correcting emerge in L2 discourse in the same way than they do in L1 oral production? Does the strategic behavior of Heritage speakers of Spanish resemble that of the Anglophone learners of L2 Spanish? And last, but not least, are Heritage speakers’ strategies native-like, L2-like or lay in-between? In order to address these questions and draw out some implications for language teaching, we gathered and analyzed data from three different oral corpora of simulated interactions of native, heritage and non-native speakers of Spanish. Data analyses show that level of expertise (CERF’s B1, B2...

  8. ¿Cómo elegir un diccionario?

    Moreno Sandoval, Antonio
    Los diccionarios, junto con las gramáticas, son las herramientas lingüísticas por excelencia para la mayoría de los hablantes. Todos hemos experimentado con ellos desde la escuela. Sin embargo, cuando uno pasea por una librería llama la atención el hecho de que haya tantos diccionarios para la misma lengua o para un tipo concreto de usuario. La razón es obvia: cada autor elige el léxico y los aspectos lingüísticos que considera oportunos describir en su obra. Además, las consideraciones comerciales y editoriales influyen claramente en el resultado final: ¿cómo puedo hacer mi diccionario "diferente" para que se pueda vender en competencia...

  9. Curs d’iniciació a la Filologia Catalana

    Francés Díez, Maria Àngels; Arronis Llopis, Carme; Baile López, Eduard; Balaguer Pascual, Enric; Càmara Sempere, Héctor; Esteve Guillén, Anna; Gisbert Muñoz, Francesc; Montserrat Buendia, Sandra; Mira Navarro, Irene; Segura i Llopes, Carles
    Aquest article detalla el procés del plantejament i el disseny del Curs d’Introducció a la Filologia Catalana, dut a terme per un grup de professors i professores del Departament de Filologia Catalana de la Universitat d’Alacant. El curs combina objectius propedèutics i de tipus social i conductual, ja que no sols pretén oferir formació a l’alumnat de segon de batxillerat i primer de grau en matèria de llengua, literatura i cultura al País Valencià i a la resta de territoris catalanoparlants, sinó també informar sobre què fem i com som a Filologia Catalana en un entorn marcat sovint per prejudicis...

  10. Representations of women researchers in Finnish print media: top researchers, multi-talents and experts

    Husu, Liisa; Tainio, Liisa
    Women’s underrepresentation in the scientific community is currently on the agenda of science policy both in Europe and internationally. The significance of media as a provider of female role models, on the one hand, and in reproducing stereotypical images of scientists, on the other hand, is often mentioned in this context. However, there is relative lack of research on how women researchers are depicted in the media, especially outside the US and UK contexts. Finland provides an interesting context to study media representations of women in research, as a relatively gender equal and research intensive setting seen from a global...

  11. Ecología y traducción : reconfiguración lingüística del protagonista narrativo en la obra de H. G. Wells The Country of the Blind

    Tejada Caller, Paloma
    This paper is part of a general theoretical framework which draws from two different notions of ecology: ecotranslation and eco-translatology. Ecotranslation (Badenes and Coisson 2010; 2015) refers to the practice, by critics and translators, of making the linguistic representation of nature their main focus. Eco-translatology (Hu Gengshen 2003; Xiaohua 2015) is a theoretical methodology according to which the research should focus on, first, subjective decisions taken by the translator in order to adapt to the translator‘s own environment and, second, their particular choice of strategies and linguistic expressions used to (re)produce a (normally literary) text. Over the past few years,...

  12. Política y vida privada en las elecciones al Parlamento Vasco de 2012. Estudio del formato “Un día con el candidato”

    Ruiz San Miguel, Francisco Javier; Galindo Arranz, Fermín; Ruiz Blanco, Sonia
    Introduction: Politics play a leading role in today’s society and this protagonism is not only based on the political discourse of candidates and parties but also on the exposure of the most personal aspects of politicians. That is why in recent times politicians try to show and share more about their professional and most private spheres. Methods: This study is based on the in-depth content analysis of four feature articles about the candidates participating in the 2012 Basque parliamentary election. Research results: Despite the efforts of the media to offer a balanced and neutral framing of the candidates in the four feature articles, there are...

  13. Análisis del desarrollo lingüístico y comunicativo de un niño con síndrome de Asperger: un estudio de caso

    Latorre Cosculluela, Cecilia; Puyuelo Sanclemente, Miguel
    The exclusion of language delay that is set in the diagnostic manuals for children with Asperger syndrome has been widely criticized, because different studies show the presence of dysfunctions in the pragmatic dimension and a specific pattern of development in the other more formal language dimensions. In addition, research that has been conducted in recent years about pragmatic impairments of Asperger’s children, it is presented as a set of general trends more than a description of well-known facts. The aim of this study is to analyze the pragmatic profile and its impact on the morphosyntactic and semantic field of a...

  14. Bringing real-life language use into EFL classrooms

    Illés, Éva; Akcan, Sumru
    This article explores the potential of the classroom as a venue for authentic, real-life language use, and highlights the importance of unplanned classroom communication. Examples from the lessons of prospective English teachers in Hungary and Turkey indicate that, when given the opportunity, EFL students enjoy using the L2 spontaneously. The classroom observations provide evidence that unplanned interactions can create conditions which give rise to humour and linguistic creativity, both of which feature prominently in language use outside the classroom as well. By raising metalinguistic awareness and promoting fluency, humorous language play facilitates language acquisition as it enables learners to experiment...

  15. Habilitación de los modos activos del lenguaje a partir del modo reactivo observar

    Gómez Fuentes, Agustín Daniel; Zepeta García, Enrique; García Pérez, Zaira Jacqueline; Molina López, Cecilia Magdalena
    The purpose of the study was to assess the effect of enabling linguistic active modes of language by pointing out, writing and speaking from the reactive mode observing. Participants were 15 experimentally naive students, twelve men and three women, aged 14, who attended third grade in a public Junior High School in the city of Xalapa. A second-order matching to sample task with geometric figures was used. The design chosen was experimental with three groups and consisted of an initial test, familiarization phase, exposure phase and final test. The results suggest that the exposure to the observing mode enabled the...

  16. Modo de contacto: Efecto sobre la adquisición y transferencia de una discriminación condicional de segundo orden y la emergencia de reglas

    León, Alejandro
    This study examined the effect of four contact modes (direct, morphology, linguistic, observational, and direct plus description) on the acquisition and transfer of conditional discrimination and the emergence of rules. Sixteen experimentally naive university students, aged between 18 and 21 years, participated in the study. A within-subject design that involved initial test, training, rule generation, and testing transfer (extra instance test, extra modal test, extra relational test) was used. A second order matching to sample task was used. The results suggest that: a) both the observational mode without instrumental components and the linguistic morphology without direct perceptual contact allow the...

  17. Frequência de déficits neuropsicológicos após traumatismo cranioencefálico

    Natalie, Pereira; Holz, Maila; Hermes Pereira, Andressa; Bresolin, Ana Paula; Zimmermann, Nicolle; Paz Fonseca, Rochele
    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can lead to significant changes in daily life, as well as in social, labor, communicative, and cognitive domains (attention, memory and executive functions). This study aimed to characterize the occurrence of post-TBI neuropsychological deficits as well as to determine whether there is an impact related to the level of severity of the trauma on the patient's performance. Ninety-six adults participated in the study, who were divided in two groups to assess the trauma's level of severity: mild TBI (n=39) and severe TBI (n=57). This severity was classified by the Glasgow Coma Scale, by the duration of...

  18. Estudios arqueológicos, etnohistóricos, lingüísticos y literarios

    León-Portilla, Miguel

  19. Sexo, género y usos lingüísticos

    Hoyos Ragel, María del Carmen

  20. El ensayo académico desde la perspectiva de la lingüistica

    Fumero, Francísca

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