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Nomenclatura Unesco > (57) Lingüística

Mostrando recursos 41 - 60 de 63,795

41. Linguistics Undergraduate and Postgraduate Courses: Experience of Lancaster University (UK) - Komochkova Olga
The article deals with peculiarities of undergraduate and postgraduate linguistic courses at Lancaster University. It has been stated that the latter is considered to be one of the best higher education institutions both in the UK and worldwide. Being a relatively new higher education institution (founded in 1964), it can already boast its academic reputation. According to data of British surveys it has been found out that Lancaster University is extremely popular among students. Speaking about linguistic achievements it should be mentioned that Lancaster University’s linguistic centre, spanning four generations of researchers, has been recently awarded The Queen’s Anniversary Prize...

42. Gibbs Sampling Segmentation of Parallel Dependency Trees for Tree-Based Machine Translation - Mareček David; Žabokrtský Zdeněk
We present a work in progress aimed at extracting translation pairs of source and target dependency treelets to be used in a dependency-based machine translation system. We introduce a novel unsupervised method for parallel tree segmentation based on Gibbs sampling. Using the data from a Czech-English parallel treebank, we show that the procedure converges to a dictionary containing reasonably sized treelets; in some cases, the segmentation seems to have interesting linguistic interpretations.

43. Other-initiated repair in Argentine Sign Language - Manrique Elizabeth
Other-initiated repair is an essential interactional practice to secure mutual understanding in everyday interaction. This article presents evidence from a large conversational corpus of a sign language, showing that signers of Argentine Sign Language (Lengua de Señas Argentina or ‘LSA’), like users of spoken languages, use a systematic set of linguistic formats and practices to indicate troubles of signing, seeing and understanding. The general aim of this article is to provide a general overview of the different visual-gestural linguistic patterns of other-initiated repair sequences in LSA. It also describes the quantitative distribution of other-initiated repair formats based on a collection of 213 cases. It describes the...

44. CLASSIFICATION OF ANIMAL RELATED WORDS IN DEDE KORKUT BOOK / DEDE KORKUT KİTABI’NDA HAYVANLA İLGİLİ KELİMELERİN TASNİFİ - Servet KARÇIĞA
Alt anlamlılık, bir dildeki kavramları anlamlarına göre içerleme veya hiyerarşik yöntemle inceleyen bir dil bilimi yöntemidir. Kavram alanı ise eş anlamlı, yakın anlamlı ve anlam yönüyle birbirini tamamlayan veya sınırlayan ilgili kelimelerin oluşturduğu bir dil alanı kuramıdır. Bir milletin bir kavrama bakış açısı o milletin o kavramla ilgili kullandığı kelimelerle yakından ilgilidir. Bu çalışmada, öncelikle tasnif, alt anlamlılık ve kavram alanı hakkında bilgi verilecektir. Sonra Türk dili ve edebiyatının önemli eserlerinden biri olan Dede Korkut Kitabı’ndaki hayvan kavramı alt anlamlılık yöntemiyle tasnif edilecektir. Daha sonra da kavram alanı kuramı yöntemiyle Oğuz Türklerinin hayvan kavramına bakış açısı ortaya konulacaktır. / Hyponymy is a method of Lingustics that deals with classification of words...

45. CURRENT STATUS OF GRAVESTONES OF OTTOMAN’S PERIOD IN KOSOVO AND MACEDONIA / KOSOVA VE MAKEDONYA’DAKİ OSMANLI DÖNEMİ MEZAR TAŞLARININ BUGÜNKÜ DURUMU - Cengiz ALYILMAZ
Bugün bağımsız iki ayrı devlet hâlinde varlıklarını sürdüren Kosova Cumhuriyeti ve Makedonya Cumhuriyeti (tıpkı diğer Balkan ülkeleri gibi) yüzyıllar boyu Osmanlı / Türk egemenliği altında kalmış; buralarda Türk yaşayış ve inanışını yansıtan eşsiz dil, kültür, sanat ve mimarlık eserleri vücuda getirilmiştir. Kosova ve Makedonya’daki Osmanlı / Türk Dönemi eserleriyle ilgili de bugüne kadar birçok araştırma ve inceleme yapılmış; bunlar bildiriler, makaleler, kitaplar ve albümler hâlinde yayımlanmıştır. Yapılan çalışmaların ve yayınların önemli kısmını bu ülkelerin tanıtımına yönelik popüler nitelikteki yayınlar oluşturmaktadır. Kosova ve Makedonya’daki Osmanlı / Türk Dönemi kültür ve uygarlık eserleri içinde mezar taşları ayrı bir yere ve öneme sahiptir....

46. Finding proof negative: Tracing the empirical footprint of collective linguistic avoidance in historical American and British newspaper texts - MacQueen Donald S.
Linguistic avoidance - the conscious or unconscious non-use of a problematic language expression and/or the substitution of another - is difficult to demonstrate empirically in historical terms, as it constitutes a negative action that leaves no positive trace. However, all hope is not lost for the empiricist: the very conspicuousness of the problematic expression’s absence can in fact be measured across a time period. A perhaps unique case in point in English is the avoidance of number-word expressions such as five millions of individuals and, alternatively, five million individuals precisely at the point in history when it became unclear which...

47. Language Change Database: A new online resource - Nevalainen Terttu; Vartiainen Turo; Säily Tanja; Kesäniemi Joonas; Dominowska Agata; Öhman Emily
We introduce the Language Change Database (LCD), which provides access to the results of previous corpus-based research dealing with change in the English language. The LCD will be published on an open-access linked data platform that will allow users to enter information about their own publications into the database and to conduct searches based on linguistic and extralinguistic parameters. Both metadata and numerical data from the original publications will be available for download, enabling systematic reviews, meta-analyses, replication studies and statistical modelling of language change. The LCD will be of interest to scholars, teachers and students of English.

48. Talk talk, not just small talk. Exploring English contrastive focus reduplication with the help of corpora - Widlitzki Bianca; Liebig Justus
Contrastive focus reduplication (CR) is a type of reduplication in English which picks out a prototypical or intensified reading of the reduplicated element and shows contrastive stress on the reduplicant: for instance, speakers may use talk talk to indicate that a ‘real talk’ - as opposed to e.g. ‘just small talk’- took place. The present paper pursues an empirical, corpus-linguistic approach to CR: Based on three mega-corpora of contemporary English, the following aspects in particular are investigated: the importance of the co-text of CR, the possibility of emerging default interpretations for some frequent CRs, and the function(s) CR serves in...

49. Variáveis ligadas ao trabalho escolar : dimensões linguísticas e do funcionamento intrapessoal - Serpa, Margarida Damião; Caldeira, Suzana Nunes; Gomes, Carlos
No presente artigo discutem-se conceitos relacionados com a aprendizagem e a avaliação da comunicação oral e escrita, considerando os domínios linguísticos da fonologia, sintaxe, semântica e pragmática. Discutem-se, ainda, algumas variáveis sócio-cognitivas, como o locus de controlo e as atribuições causais, a motivação para o sucesso e para o desânimo, o auto-conceito e a auto-eficácia, que têm evidenciado relação com a educação escolar. A partir desta discussão, apresentam-se alguns itens susceptíveis de virem a contribuir para a construção de instrumentos de avaliação do funcionamento do aluno.

50. Epilepsy, cognitive deficits and neuroanatomy in males with ZDHHC9 mutations. - Baker, K; Astle, DE; Scerif, G; Barnes, J; Smith, J; Moffat, G; Gillard, J; Baldeweg, T; Raymond, FL
OBJECTIVE: Systematic investigation of individuals with intellectual disability after genetic diagnosis can illuminate specific phenotypes and mechanisms relevant to common neurodevelopmental disorders. We report the neurological, cognitive and neuroanatomical characteristics of nine males from three families with loss-of-function mutations in ZDHHC9 (OMIM #300799). METHODS: All known cases of X-linked intellectual disability (XLID) due to ZDHHC9 mutation in the United Kingdom were invited to participate in a study of neurocognitive and neuroimaging phenotypes. RESULTS: Seven out of nine males with ZDHHC9 mutations had been diagnosed with epilepsy, exceeding epilepsy risk in XLID comparison subjects (P = 0.01). Seizure histories and EEG features amongst...

51. "‘Ah! Spain, that’s far away from China’: Reflexividad metodológica y movilidad en la etnografía sociolingüística crítica - Pérez Milans, M

52. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation over the left parietal cortex facilitates visual search for a letter among its mirror images. - Mangano, GR; Oliveri, M; Turriziani, P; Smirni, D; Zhaoping, L; Cipolotti, L
Interference by task irrelevant information is seen in visual search paradigms using letters. Thus, it is harder to find the letter 'N' among its mirror reversals 'И' than vice versa. This observation, termed the reversed letter effect, involves both a linguistic association and an interference of task irrelevant information—the shape of 'N' or 'И' is irrelevant, the search requires merely distinguishing the tilts of oblique bars. We adapted the repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) methods that we previously used, and conducted three rTMS experiments using healthy subjects. The first experiment investigated the effects of rTMS on the left and right...

53. MIKHAIL SAAKASHVILI’S REFORMS: THE INFLUENCE ON THE NATIONAL MINORITIES IN GEORGIA - A. A. Tokarev

The article is devoted to the issue of national and ethnic minorities in Georgia. The author analyzes the Azeri and Armenian minorities, the territorial development of the regions of their compact residence (Samtskhe-Javakheti and Kvemo-Kartli) and their secessionist potential. The author focuses on the sub-ethnic groups within the Georgian people: Megrelians, Swann, Laz, Kistinians and Yezidis. This paper presents statistics of ethno-national and linguistic issues. The author examines the development of post-Soviet Georgia and large-scale reforms implemented after the «Rose Revolution» including the sphere of interethnic relations. The conclusion concerns the future of Russian-Georgian relations in the light of Russia’s...

54. LINGUISTIC AND POLITICAL ANALYSIS: COMPARATIVE ASPECTS - V. M. Alpatov

Abstract: The article analyses the book on political systems and processes in the East prepared by MGIMO-University authors and edited by Alexei D. Voskressenski in order to show the differences in approach and methods used in linguistics and political science. The author shows two significant differences in present-day stressing that linguistics of the XIX century was closer to the present-day political science? As he believes. The first difference includes monism of political science approach, since the book reveals monistic scale from totalitarianism to democracy, while linguistic has abandoned the monistic view on typology. The second difference is the value-addedness of...

55. Standard e substandard do alemão em contato com o português : variação na competência de fala em hochdeutsch de falantes de hunsrückisch - Machado, Lucas Löff
A presente dissertação de mestrado tem como tema a presença do Hochdeutsch (Hdt.) na competência linguística oral de comunidades falantes de Hunsrückisch (Hrs.) como língua brasileira de imigração em contato com o Português e o Espanhol no Brasil e em parte da Argentina e do Paraguai, os quais constituem a rede de pontos do projeto Atlas Linguístico-Contatual das Minorias Alemãs na Bacia do Prata (ALMA-H). Pesquisas linguísticas focadas anteriormente no dialeto-base da língua acabaram favorecendo a ideia de unicidade do dialeto. O interesse pelo eixo standard em contato com as variedades dialetais vem crescendo, conforme demonstram estudos mais recentes (cf....

56. Avaliação em escrita no ensino on-line de português como língua adicional : do LMS à rede social - Sidi, Walkiria Ayres
A avaliação da aprendizagem é uma preocupação docente constante e que enfrenta novos desafios com o advento do ensino a distancia on-line (Polak, 2009). Neste trabalho, são analisados e discutidos parâmetros e práticas de avaliação qualitativa em um curso de português como língua adicional a distância com vistas à geração e validação de critérios adicionais. O contexto de ensino é o Curso de Espanhol e Português para Intercâmbio (CEPI), destinado aos participantes do Programa Escala de mobilidade discente e ofertado pela Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul no ambiente virtual de aprendizagem Moodle, com o uso pedagógico e complementar...

57. Ancestry variation and footprints of natural selection along the genome in Latin American populations. - Deng, L; Ruiz-Linares, A; Xu, S; Wang, S
Latin American populations stem from the admixture of Europeans, Africans and Native Americans, which started over 400 years ago and had lasted for several centuries. Extreme deviation over the genome-wide average in ancestry estimations at certain genomic locations could reflect recent natural selection. We evaluated the distribution of ancestry estimations using 678 genome-wide microsatellite markers in 249 individuals from 13 admixed populations across Latin America. We found significant deviations in ancestry estimations including three locations with more than 3.5 times standard deviations from the genome-wide average: an excess of European ancestry at 1p36 and 14q32, and an excess of African...

58. Constructing hotel brands: A multimodal analysis of luxury hotel homepages - Fei-Wen Cheng
As e-marketing has become the dominant marketing mode in the hospitality industry, this study investigates how two luxury hotels represent and promote themselves through their major e-commerce platforms (i.e. hotel-owned websites). The verbal and visual texts of 51 website homepages owned by these two hotel chains are compiled and analyzed by drawing upon the corpus linguistic approach for verbal analysis and Kress and van Leeuwen’s (2006) visual grammar framework for image analysis. The findings indicate that despite some similarities in their web-mediated communication strategies, each hotel firm has discursive strategies that reveal diverging attitudes in their choices of various semiotic...

59. Tourism websites in English as a source for the autonomous learning of specialized terminology: A CALL application - Ángel Felices Lago
For years now, it has been an unquestioned fact that a large majority of textbooks available in English for Tourism, either in book format, CD-Rom or web site access are based on situations and professional contexts connected with the Anglo-Saxon environment, even though the vast majority of graduates in Tourism in Spain (and other countries) end up working in the region (autonomous community) of origin or in the province of reference for studies. There is, therefore, a clear dysfunction between the textbooks available in the market and the materials and situations that the students will face in their professional future....

60. Voces de nuevos hablantes, voces de nuevas subjetividades. Emociones y actitudes lingüísticas en el giro poscolonial - Simone Belli
En este artículo se investigará nuevos paradigmas de construcción de la relación entre lengua e identidad en los “nuevos hablantes”. La pregunta principal del artículo es cómo construyen los nuevos hablantes su identidad como miembros de la comunidad lingüística en la que se inscribe, tanto desde su propio punto de vista como del de la comunidad que los recibe, y qué implicaciones emocionales tiene este proceso en la construcción de nuevas subjetividades en su visión poscolonial. Se estudiarán los procesos sociales ligados a la experiencia de los sujetos que hablan habitualmente una lengua diferente a la que aprendieron y utilizaron de forma...

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