Mostrando recursos 41 - 60 de 3.566

  1. Generation of multiscale magnetic field by parity-invariant time-periodic flows

    Zheligovsky, V. A.; Podvigina, O. M.
    24 pages, 7 figures. This is the final version of the manuscript (1 reference added and linguistic corrections made).

  2. El lenguaje natural de los olores y la hipótesis Sapir-Whorf

    Candau, Joël
    Según la hipótesis de Sapir-Whorf sobre el determinismo lingüístico, las palabras organizan las categorías cognitivas que nos sirven i)para conocer el mundo y ii)para compartir este conocimiento con los demás. Fuertemente criticada, esta hipótesis vuelve una y otra vez al primer plano de la escena científica. Con todo, su aplicación a la experiencia olfativa se encuentra con tres tipos de dificultades : i)El lenguaje natural de los olores se caraceriza por su imprecisión y inestabilidad. ¿como, en estas condiciones, puede contribuir a estructurar una experiencia olfativa sumamente rica y compleja, por ser producto de un continuum de percepciones? ii)Paradójicamente (aunque...

  3. Historia y lingüística: La agricultura en el discurso económico de la Ilustración (1746-1808)

    Marti, Marc
    Este trabajo se basa en el estudio de una serie de títulos referentes a la literatura económica del siglo XVIII. Se analizan:
    —La evolución de la temática y el auge de las publicaciones.
    —El discurso de la Ilustración sobre la agricultura.
    Las conclusiones insisten en:
    —La emergencia de un nuevo pensamiento, caracterizado por nuevas formas (la memoria en particular).
    —La aparición y la significación de nuevos conceptos, como los de utilidad, decadencia, y progreso.
    —Las posiciones conservadoras de la Ilustración respecto al problema agrario.

  4. Building a morphological and syntactic lexicon by merging various linguistic resources

    Molinero, Miguel,; Sagot, Benoît; Nicolas, Lionel
    This paper shows how large-coverage morphological and syntactic NLP lexicons can be developed by interpreting, converting to a common format and merging existing lexical resources. Applied on Spanish, this allowed us to build a morphological and syntactic lexicon, the Leffe. It relies on the Alexina framework, originally developed together 200with the French lexicon Lefff. We describe how the input resources --two morphological and two syntactic lexicons -- were converted into Alexina lexicons and merged. A preliminary evaluation shows that merging different sources of lexical information is indeed a good approach to improve the development speed, the coverage and the precision...

  5. Producción eficiente de recursos lingüísticos: el proyecto Victoria

    Nicolas, Lionel; Molinero, Miguel,; Sagot, Benoît; Sánchez Trigo, Elena; De La Clergerie, Éric; Pardo, M.A.; Farré, Jacques; Vergés, J. Miquel
    La eficiencia de las herramientas dedicadas al Procesamiento de los Lenguajes Naturales (PLN) depende directamente de la calidad y la cobertura de los recursos lingüísticos sobre los cuales se basan. Presentamos un proyecto cuyo objetivo es mejorar las capacidades de producción de recursos lingüísticos.

  6. How reflexive is selfie? A linguistic look at selfies and their hashtags

    Cohen, Dana
    This paper aims to examine the semantic development of the word selfie. We set out from the definition of a prototypical case, focusing on the question to what extent the concept as it is used at present retains the reflexive relations inherent in its etymology.

  7. Linguistic-pragmatic factors in interpreting disjunctions

    Noveck, Ira; Chierchia, Gennaro; Chevaux, Florelle; Guelminger, Raphaëlle; Sylvestre, Emmanuel
    The connective or can be treated as an inclusive disjunction or else as an exclusive disjunction. Though researchers are aware of this distinction, few have examined the conditions under which each interpretation should be anticipated. Based on linguistic-pragmatic analyses, we assume that interpretations are initially inclusive before either a) remaining so, or; b) becoming exclusive by way of an implicature (but not both). We point to a class of situations that ought to predispose disjunctions to inclusive interpretations and to situations that encourage exclusive interpretations. A disjunction's ultimate interpretation is based on its potential informativeness, where the interpretation of the...

  8. When children are more logical than adults: Experimental investigations of scalar implicature

    Noveck, Ira
    A conversational implicature is an inference that consists in attributing to a speaker an implicit meaning that goes beyond the explicit linguistic meaning of an utterance. This paper experimentallyinvestigates scalar implicature, a paradigmatic case of implicature in which a speaker's use of a term like Some indicates that the speaker had reasons not to use a more informative one from the samescale, e.g. All; thus, Some implicates Not all. Pragmatic theorists like Grice would predict that a pragmatic interpretation is determined only after its explicit, logical meaning is incorporated (e.g. whereSome means at least one). The present work aims to...

  9. Differential Representation of Predicates for Extensional Reference Resolution

    Pitel, Guillaume; Sansonnet, Jean-Paul
    In this paper, we focus on a method in practical dialogue for resolving extensional descriptions containing vague or relational predicates as well as predicates on intrinsic properties. It is shown that different kinds of predicates can be handled within a unified approach. This method is built upon the work ofSalmon-Alt and is intended to be included into her general resolution model, extending her account for differentiation criteria. We indeed argue about the lack of expressiveness of logical predicates when dealing with vague or context-sensitive linguistic predicates. Our solution is a differential, function-oriented approach to reference resolution, based on the idea...

  10. Search for a non-minimal Higgs boson produced in the reaction e$^+$e$^-$ $\rightarrow$ hZ$^{\star}$

    Buskulic, D.; Boehrer, A.; De Bonis, I.; Decamp, D.; Ghez, P.; Goy, C.; Lees, J P.; Minard, M N.; Pietrzyk, B.; Ariztizabal, F.; Comas, P.; Crespo, J M.; Delfino, M.; Efthymiopoulos, I.; Fernandez, E.; Fernandez-Bosman, M.; Gaitan, V.; Garrido, L.; Mattison, T.; Pacheco, A.; Padilla, C.; Pascual, A.; Creanza, D.; De Palma, M.; Farilla, A.; Iaselli, G.; Maggi, G.; Natali, S.; Nuzzo, S.; Quattromini, M.; Ranieri, A.; Raso, G.; Romano, F.; Ruggieri, F.; Selvaggi, G.; Silvestris, L.; Tempesta, P.; Zito, G.; Chai, Y.; Hu, H.; Huang, D.; Huang, X.; Lin, Jiali; Wang, T.; Xie, Y.; Xu, D.; Xu, R.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, L.; Zhao, W.; Blucher, E.; Bonvicini, G.; Boudreau, J.; Casper, D.; Drevermann, H.; Forty, R W.; Ganis, G.; Gay, C.; Hagelberg, R.; Harvey, J.; Hilgart, J.; Jacobsen, R.; Jost, B.; Knobloch, J.; Lehraus, I.; Lohse, T.; Maggi, M.; Markou, C.; Martinez, M.; Mato, P.; Meinhard, H.; Minten, A.; Miotto, A.; Miquel, R.; Moser, H G.; Palazzi, P.; Pater, J R.; Perlas, J A.; Pusztaszeri, J F.; Ranjard, F.; Redlinger, G.; Rolandi, L.; Rothberg, J.; Ruan, T.; Saich, M.; Schlatter, D.; Schmelling, M.; Sefkow, F.; Tejessy, W.; Tomalin, I R.; Veenhof, R.; Wachsmuth, H.; Wasserbaech, S.; Wiedenmann, W.; Wildish, T.; Witzeling, W.; Wotschack, J.; Ajaltouni, Ziad,; Badaud, F.; Bardadin-Otwinowska, M.; El-Fellous, R.; Falvard, Alain; Gay, Pascal; Guicheney, C.; Henrard, Pierre; Jousset, J.; Michel, B.; Montret, Jean-Claude; Pallin, D.; Perret, Pascal; Podlyski, F.; Proriol, Joseph; Prulhiere, F.; Saadi, F.; Fearnley, T.; Hansen, J D.; Hansen, J R.; Hansen, P H.; Mollerud, R.; Nilsson, B S.; Kyriakis, A.; Simopoulou, E.; Siotis, I.; Vayaki, A.; Zachariadou, K.; Badier, J.; Blondel, A.; Bonneaud, G.; Brient, J C.; Fouque, G.; Orteu, S.; Rouge, A.; Rumpf, M.; Tanaka, R.; Verderi, M.; Videau, H.; Candlin, D J.; Parsons, M I.; Veitch, E.; Focardi, E.; Moneta, L.; Parrini, G.; Corden, M.; Georgiopoulos, C.; Ikeda, M.; Levinthal, D.; Antonelli, A.; Baldini, R.; Bencivenni, G.; Bologna, G.; Bossi, F.; Campana, P.; Capon, G.; Cerutti, F.; Chiarella, V.; D'Ettorre Piazzoli, B.; Felici, G.; Laurelli, P.; Mannocchi, G.; Murtas, F.; Murtas, G P.; Passalacqua, L.; Pepe-Altarelli, M.; Picchi, P.; Colrain, P.; Ten Have, I.; Lynch, J G.; Maitland, W.; Morton, W T.; Raine, C.; Reeves, P.; Scarr, J M.; Smith, K.; Smith, M G.; Thompson, A S.; Turnbull, R M.; Brandl, B.; Braun, O.; Geweniger, C.; Hanke, P.; Hepp, V.; Kluge, E E.; Maumary, Y.; Putzer, A.; Rensch, B.; Stahl, A.; Tittel, K.; Wunsch, M.; Beuselinck, R.; Binnie, D M.; Cameron, W.; Cattaneo, M.; Colling, D J.; Dornan, P J.; Greene, A M.; Hassard, J F.; Lieske, N M.; Moutoussi, A.; Nash, J.; Patton, S.; Payne, D G.; Phillips, M J.; San Martin, G.; Sedgbeer, J K.; Wright, A G.; Girtler, P.; Kuhn, D.; Rudolph, G.; Vogl, R.; Bowdery, C K.; Brodbeck, T J.; Finch, A J.; Foster, F.; Hughes, G.; Jackson, D.; Keemer, N R.; Nuttall, M.; Patel, A D.; Sloan, T.; Snow, S W.; Whelan, E P.; Kleinknecht, K.; Raab, J.; Renk, B.; Sander, H G.; Schmidt, H.; Steeg, F.; Walther, S M.; Wanke, R.; Wolf, B.; Bencheikh, A.M.; Benchouk, C.; Bonissent, A.; Carr, J.; Coyle, P.; Drinkard, J.; Etienne, F.; Nicod, D.; Papalexiou, S.; Payre, P.; Roos, L.; Rousseau, D.; Schwemling, P.; Talby, M.; Adlung, S.; Assmann, R W.; Bauer, C.; Blum, W.; Brown, D.; Cattaneo, P W.; Dehning, B.; Dietl, H.; Dydak, F.; Frank, M.; Halley, A W.; Jakobs, K.; Lauber, J.; Luetjens, G.; Lutz, G.; Manner, W.; Richter, R H.; Schroeder, J.; Schwarz, A S.; Settles, R.; Seywerd, H.; Stierlin, U.; Stiegler, U.; Wolf, G.; Alemany, R.; Boucrot, J.; Callot, O.; Cordier, A.; Davier, M.; Duflot, L.; Grivaz, J F.; Heusse, P.; Jaffe, D E.; Janot, P.; Kim, D W.; Le Diberder, F.; Lefrancois, J.; Lutz, A M.; Schune, M H.; Veillet, J J.; Videau, I.; Zhang, Zhen; Abbaneo, D.; Bagliesi, G.; Batignani, G.; Bottigli, U.; Bozzi, C.; Calderini, G.; Carpinelli, M.; Ciocci, M A.; Dell'Orso, R.; Ferrante, I.; Fidecaro, F.; Foa, L.; Forti, F.; Giassi, A.; Giorgi, M A.; Gregorio, A.; Ligabue, F.; Lusiani, A.; Mannelli, E B.; Marrocchesi, P S.; Messineo, A.; Palla, F.; Rizzo, G.; Sanguinetti, G.; Spagnolo, P.; Steinberger, J.; Tenchini, R.; Tonelli, G.; Triggiani, G.; Vannini, C.; Venturi, A.; Verdini, P G.; Walsh, J.; Betteridge, A P.; Carter, J M.; Gao, Y.; Green, M G.; March, P V.; Mir, L M.; Medcalf, T.; Quazi, I S.; Strong, J A.; West, L R.; Botterill, D R.; Clifft, R W.; Edgecock, T R.; Haywood, S.; Norton, P R.; Thompson, J C.; Bloch-Devaux, B.; Colas, P.; Duarte, H.; Emery, S.; Kozanecki, W.; Lancon, E.; Lemaire, M C.; Locci, E.; Marx, B.; Perez, P.; Rander, J.; Renardy, J F.; Rosowsky, A.; Roussarie, A.; Schuller, J P.; Schwindling, J.; Si Mohand, D.; Vallage, B.; Johnson, R P.; Litke, A M.; Taylor, G.; Wear, J.; Ashman, J G.; Babbage, W.; Booth, C N.; Buttar, C.; Cartwright, S L.; Combley, F.; Dawson, I.; Thompson, L F.; Barbiero, E.; Brandt, S.; Cowan, G.; Grupen, C.; Lutters, G.; Rivera, F.; Schaefer, U.; Smolik, L.; Bosisio, L.; Della Marina, R.; Giannini, G.; Gobbo, B.; Ragusa, F.; Bellantoni, L.; Chen, W.,; Cinabro, D.; Conway, J S.; Feng, Z.; Ferguson, D P S.; Gao, Y S.; Grahl, J.; Harton, J L.; LeClaire, B W.; Lishka, C.; Pan, Y B.; Saadi, Y.; Schmitt, M.; Sharma, V.; Shi, Z H.; Walsh, A M.; Weber, F V.; Wu Sau, Lan.; Wu, X.; Zheng, M.; Zobernig, G.
    We present the TermWatch system which combines linguistic engineering with clustering and visualisation techniques for text data analysis. This paper focuses on the recent enhancements made on the linguistic module which includes the choice of a more efficient term extraction tool, the addition of semantic relations to the syntactic ones used for clustering. The results obtained are quite intuitive and show how thematics are structured in the field as well as interconnections between seemingly distinct themes.

  11. The p($^3$He,t)$\Delta^{++}$ reaction

    Ellegaard, C.; Gaarde, C.; Larsen, J.S.; Dmitriev, V.; Sushkov, O.; Goodman, C.; Bergqvist, I.; Brockstedt, A.; Carlen, L.; Ekstroem, P.; Bedjidian, M.; Contardo, D.; Grossiord, J.-Y.; Guichard, A.; Haroutunian, R.; Pizzi, J.-R.; Bachelier, D.; Boyard, J.L.; Hennino, T.; Roy-Stephan, M.; Boivin, M.; Radvanyi, P.
    The author first notes that Google, the trade mark, the project, the utilization - the "googling"- are social facts proven by the numbers – number of net surfers, of requests, of uses- and by the signs of adhesion - linguistics, economic, social. A socio linguistic analysis of the speeches of the persons in charge of Google and of users indicate that the social fact "googling" results in the emergence of a culture and a world community which shares it. They are supported by the language and also by the myths that were created and largely maintained by the owners the...

  12. Unfavoured signature partner superdeformed bands associated with proton excitations in $^{151}$Tb

    Kharraja, B.; Byrski, T.; Beck, F.A.; Beausang, C.W.; Bentley, M.A.; Curien, D.; Dagnall, P.J.; Duchene, G.; Flibotte, S.; De France, G.; Fuelop, Z.; Haas, B.; Kiss, A.Z.; Lisle, J.C.; Petrache, C.M.; Theisen, C.; Twin, P.J.; Vivien, J.P.; Zuber, K.
    The author first notes that Google, the trade mark, the project, the utilization - the "googling"- are social facts proven by the numbers – number of net surfers, of requests, of uses- and by the signs of adhesion - linguistics, economic, social. A socio linguistic analysis of the speeches of the persons in charge of Google and of users indicate that the social fact "googling" results in the emergence of a culture and a world community which shares it. They are supported by the language and also by the myths that were created and largely maintained by the owners the...

  13. Smooth band termination in odd mass La nuclei : $^{127,129,131}$La

    Wadsworth, R.; Paul, E.S.; Astier, A.; Bazzacco, D.; Boston, A.J.; Buforn, N.; Chiara, C.J.; Fossan, D.B.; Fox, C.; Gizon, J.; Jenkins, D.G.; Kelsall, N.S.; Koike, T.; Lafosse, D.R.; Lunardi, S.; Nolan, P.J.; Nyako, B.M.; Petrache, C.M.; Scraggs, H.; Starosta, K.; Timar, J.; Walker, A.; Wilson, A.N.; Zolnai, L.; Dong, B.G.; Ragnarsson, I.
    The main objective of this contribution is to present a number of methodological problems arising in the collection and interpretation of data from (large) corpora. In particular, we want to show how large corpora can be used to test hypotheses concerning linguistic factors determining the meaning and use of connectives, focusing on a number of methodological issues.

  14. Search for high excitation energy structures in the $^{20}$Ne + $^{208}$Pb system at E/A = 30 MeV

    Buenerd, M.; Chauvin, J.; Duhamel, G.; Hostachy, J.Y.; Lebrun, D.; Martin, P.; Pellegrin, P.O.; Perrin, G.; Saintignon, P. De
    We present the TermWatch system which combines linguistic engineering with clustering and visualisation techniques for text data analysis. This paper focuses on the recent enhancements made on the linguistic module which includes the choice of a more efficient term extraction tool, the addition of semantic relations to the syntactic ones used for clustering. The results obtained are quite intuitive and show how thematics are structured in the field as well as interconnections between seemingly distinct themes.

  15. La synchronie dynamique : quelques observations en basque souletin

    Coyos, Jean-Baptiste
    This text was written in 1999. The point of view of the author since evolved/moved concerning the factors to take into account on the facts of variation and a possible linguistic change: the internal economy of the language (simplification for example), the facts of contacts with French and the other forms of Basque (Basque standard) are factors which must be taken into account and evaluated.

  16. LA PARAFRASI TRA EQUIVALENZA LINGUISTICA E RIFORMULAZIONE DISCORSIVA

    Fuchs, Catherine
    This paper is divided into three main parts. The first part is devoted to the historical trends from which the notion of paraphrase stems, the second one to the two main approaches to paraphrase in current linguistics (i.e. discourse rephrasing and language equivalence) ; in the third part, I shall try to bridge the gap between the previous two, in an “enunciative” perspective.

  17. Variations des représentations linguistiques : des unités à l'énoncé

    Robert, Stéphane
    The relationship between language and thought is often dealt with in terms of categorization, i.e. considering the way languages capture representations into meaningful units. However, in language activity, linguistic units never appear alone: they are always incorporated into, and at the same time operated upon by a process of linearization of thought in an utterance where meaning is constructed through a dynamic process. Formally speaking, morphemes are units which are ordered sequentially to make up an utterance; but semantically, words are not units of thought which can be added together to yield the meaning of the utterance, as the data...

  18. From body to argumentation: grammaticalization as a fractal property of language (the case of Wolof ginnaaw)

    Robert, Stéphane
    This paper uses the example of ginnaaw, a polysemous morpheme of Wolof, to demonstrate that grammaticalization can be understood as one of what may be called the FRACTAL PROPERTIES of language. In fact, ginnaaw's synchronic uses across three syntactic categories (noun, preposition and subordinating conjunction) can be described as a common semantic structure applying at different levels inside the utterance, thanks to the syntactic flexibility of the term. This fractal model can thus account for the phenomenon of grammaticalization and, more generally, the transcategorial functioning of linguistic morphemes, by relating semantic variation (and argumentation) to syntax: the variation of the...

  19. LA PARAFRASI
    TRA EQUIVALENZA LINGUISTICA
    E RIFORMULAZIONE DISCORSIVA

    Fuchs, Catherine
    International audience

  20. Cognitive invariants and linguistic variability: from units to utterance

    Robert, Stéphane
    The relationship between language and thought is often dealt with in terms of categorization, i.e. considering the way languages capture representations into meaningful units. However, in language activity, linguistic units never appear alone: they are always incorporated into, and at the same time operated upon by a process of linearization of thought in an utterance where meaning is constructed through a dynamic process. Formally speaking, morphemes are units which are ordered sequentially to make up an utterance; but semantically, words are not units of thought which can be added together to yield the meaning of the utterance, as the data...

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