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Nomenclatura Unesco > (57) Lingüística

Mostrando recursos 81 - 100 de 54,196

81. Panorama da lexicografia hispânica : subsídios para o professor gaúcho de espanhol - Borba, Laura Campos de
No âmbito da Lexicografia, diante da vasta gama de obras disponíveis para cada tradição lexicográfica (hispânica, francesa, alemã, entre outras), faz-se necessário um instrumento que classifique os dicionários disponíveis e forneça um panorama claro dos mesmos. Estabelecer um panorama facilita as tarefas de um consulente que busca resolver uma dúvida linguística, de um compilador de dicionários que precisa eleger a classe de obra a ser redatada e de um avaliador que precisa reconhecer qual classe de obra tem diante de si. No contexto do ensinoaprendizagem de línguas, um panorama pode subsidiar o professor de língua na sua tarefa de recomendar...

82. The NOLB model: a model of the natural organization of language and the brain - Skipper, JI
Existing models of the organization of language and the brain (OLB) can not explain natural language comprehension. They do not account for (i) the anatomical and functional data, (ii) how we overcome language ambiguity, (iii) how networks supporting language interact with each other or other networks, (iv) the computations performed in those networks or (v) language use, including how the brain uses the contextual information available in the real-world (e.g., co-speech gestures). A model of the natural OLB (NOLB) is presented that attempts to address these shortcomings. The NOLB model is dynamic, network oriented and organized around context and not...

83. Stimulus rate increases lateralisation in linguistic and non-linguistic tasks measured by functional transcranial Doppler sonography. - Payne, H; Gutierrez-Sigut, E; Subik, J; Woll, B; MacSweeney, M
Studies to date that have used fTCD to examine language lateralisation have predominantly used word or sentence generation tasks. Here we sought to further assess the sensitivity of fTCD to language lateralisation by using a metalinguistic task which does not involve novel speech generation: rhyme judgement in response to written words. Line array judgement was included as a non-linguistic visuospatial task to examine the relative strength of left and right hemisphere lateralisation within the same individuals when output requirements of the tasks are matched. These externally paced tasks allowed us to manipulate the number of stimuli presented to participants and...

84. Rethinking Cities in Contentious Times: The Mobilisation of Urban Dissent in the 'Arab Spring' - Allegra, M; Bono, I; Rokem, J; Casaglia, A; Marzorati, R; Yacobi, H
Throughout history, cities have been the theatre of social and spatial struggles. The issue of urban protests, however, has not yet been investigated in detail in the light of the growing concern of the need to rethink urban studies, from theoretical and epistemic assumptions, to methodological issues. It is argued that the mobilisation of urban dissent in the so-called Arab Spring offers a good opportunity to develop a critical approach based on the observation of the nexus between an event (a punctual expression of dissent) and a site (the urban environment in which the former takes place). The goal is...

85. Análise cognitiva da escrita de palavras de adultos após acidente vascular cerebral nos hemisférios direito e esquerdo - Rodrigues, Jaqueline de Carvalho
Esta dissertação é composta por três estudos conduzidos de acordo com a abordagem da Neuropsicologia Cognitiva, a fim de compreender as habilidades e prejuízos na escrita de palavras/pseudopalavras de adultos com lesão cerebrovascular no hemisfério direito (LHD) e no hemisfério esquerdo (LHE), comparados a adultos neurologicamente saudáveis (controles). No primeiro estudo, comparou-se o desempenho dos grupos com LHE, LHD e controles em tarefas de linguagem oral e escrita e nos tipos de erros na tarefa Escrita Ditada em um instrumento de avaliação neuropsicológica breve. O grupo com LHE apresentou pior desempenho em todas as tarefas de linguagem oral e escrita...

86. The Cross-Domain Priming of Language and Motor Rate - Rike, Lindsey
Previous research has indicated a possible connection between language, visual, and musical domains suggesting domain-general processing of temporal information. While some within-and cross-domain research has been conducted, little behavioral research has investigated a possible connection between the language and motor domains. The current research investigated a connection between the motor and language domains in temporal processing. It was expected that participants primed with a fast motor rate would speak at a faster rate, and those primed with a slow motor rate would speak more slowly. Participants (n = 81) were primed with a specific rate (fast/slow) in the tactile domain...

87. Contrastes e reflexões sobre o ensino de espanhol em escolas públicas do DF : uma visão real acerca da implantação da lei 11.161/2005 - Carvalho, Julyana Peres
Dissertação (mestrado)—Universidade de Brasília, Instituto de Letras, Departamento de Línguas Estrangeiras e Tradução, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Linguística Aplicada, 2014.

88. Los términos de albeitería en Mestre Giraldo: ¿continuidad a lo largo de los siglos? - Rodrigues, Alexandra Soares; Morais, Luísa Sá
The aim of this paper is to provide data on the history of Portuguese Lexicon of veterinary medicine, focusing on the Lexicon of the 13th century. We analyze the Livro de alveitaria by Mestre Giraldo (1318), the oldest known Portuguese veterinary treatise. Our aim is to check if the nouns for diseases appearing in that book had been used throughout other veterinary treatises of succeeding centuries, or if they had been substituted by other nouns. This work implies different dialogues: i) a diachronic dialogue between the medieval treatise and other posterior veterinary treatises; ii) a dialogue between linguistic and veterinary sciences.

89. Titles in English-medium Astrophysics research articles - Méndez Alcaraz, David Israel; Alcaraz Ariza, María Ángeles; Salager-Meyer, Françoise
In this study we analyse a corpus of 300 randomly selected research paper titles written in English and published between 1998 and 2012 in the most prestigious journals in the field of Astrophysics, an under-researched discipline from a linguistic standpoint. We specifically address issues related to the evolution of titles, their length, their lexical density, their type distribution and their semantic content. Our findings reveal a trend towards relatively long titles with a high lexical density, a preference for nominal and simple titles over verbal and compound ones, a very low occurrence of question constructions, and a prevalence of purpose...

90. Social Changes Reflected in Specialized Languages: Lexical Re-/deconstruction in Lesbian Studies - Balteiro Fernández, Isabel
One of the most important factors of recognition, belonging and identification in scientific communities is their specialized language: doctors, mathematicians and anthropologists feel they are part of a group with which they can interact because they share a common “language”. While ideology is present in all academic registers, it is in human sciences where its presence (or absence) leads to more visible linguistic phenomena. An interesting example is that of lesbian studies: as non-heterosexual members of society have become less stigmatized, lesbian studies have developed a language of their own. In our paper, we shall explore the mechanisms used in...

91. El proceso de elaboración del Diccionario de galicismos en el lenguaje deportivo del español peninsular (1976-2006) - Gillain, Romain
En esta comunicación, se explica de manera esquemática cómo se ha llevado a cabo la confección del Diccionario de galicismos en el lenguaje deportivo del español peninsular (1976-2006), objeto principal de la tesis titulada Diccionario comentado de galicismos en el lenguaje deportivo del español peninsular (1976-2006), que se presentó en la Universidad de Oviedo en enero de 2011. Antes de comenzar con la descripción del proceso de constitución del corpus lexicográfico, se especificarán los requisitos espacio-temporales y lingüísticos que cumplen los 650 elementos inventariados en esta obra de consulta y, a continuación, se detallará la metodología empleada para la identificación...

92. Inmigración e infección por el VIH en España - Pérez Molina, José A.
Desde mediados de los años 90 la inmigración ha sido un fenómeno creciente en nuestro país, que sólo en los últimos años se ha ralentizado. Como consecuencia de la incorporación de estos nuevos ciudadanos también han aparecido nuevos pacientes, entre los que se encuentran algunos infectados por el VIH. Esta es una población heterogénea aunque como rasgos generales podemos destacar que suelen ser más jóvenes, con mayor predominio de mujeres y se infectan más por vía heterosexual en comparación con los pacientes autóctonos. La infección se diagnostica más tarde y por tanto con recuentos de linfocitos CD4 más bajos, especialmente...

93. “O Bairrista ” : estudo da construção identitária gaúcha através do humor - Martins, Larissa
Este trabalho consiste na análise dos textos do blog “O Bairrista”. O objetivo foi compreender como o blog construiu a sua identidade gaúcha através do humor. Para a formação do corpus foram selecionados, 10 textos compreendendo o período de 13 de setembro de 2012 a 20 de setembro de 2012, abrangendo assim o período da semana farroupilha, momento importante para a cultura gaúcha. O trabalho está fundamentado em três eixos conceituais, são eles: o humor, os blogs, e as questões de identidade. Os principais autores utilizados foram: Propp, O’Reilly, Primo, Hall, Silva, Felippi e Martino. O método utilizado foi a...

94. A new approach for Delphi processes based on group consensus with linguistic terms - Agell Jané, Núria; van Ganzewinkel,, Christ Jan; Sánchez Soler, Monica; Roselló Saurí, Llorenç; Prats Duaygues, Francesc; Andriessen, Peter
A new approach for Delphi processes including a measure of consensus based on linguistic terms is introduced in this paper. The measure of consensus involves qualitative reasoning techniques and is based on the concept of entropy. In the proposed approach, consensus is reached automatically without the need for neither a moderator nor a final interaction among panelists. In addition, it permits panelists to answer with different levels of precision depending on their knowledge on each question. An illustrative example considering the opinions of stake holders in neonate health-care to reach a final consensual definition of chronic pain in neonates is presented.

95. Il "Dizionario Garzanti" nel quadro della lessicografia italiana contemporanea - Patota, Giuseppe
Over the last fifteen years, Italian lexicography has achieved significant results in the field of historical as well as general dictionaries, thanks to the publication of outstanding works which provide the users with a wide range of information, both in paper and digital form, namely: phonemic transcriptions, etymological indications, the dating of the entries with the original occurrence, use frequency, phraseology, synonyms and antonyms, polyrematic units, grammatical notes. As they are specifically geared to provide surveys of written and spoken Italian based on real evidence, these works have come to be crucial methodological tools for knowledge not merely linguistic. The Dizionario Italiano Garzanti is to be placed within...

96. Lexicographic treatment of Italian phrasal verbs: A corpus-based approach - Onesti, Cristina
Italian phrasal verbs -or verbi sintagmatici- have seen a growth of interest in the Italian linguistic panorama. However, a more systematic analysis is needed to clarify the theoretical status of these verb-particle constructions and to improve their lexicographic treatment, which is still inconsistent, as shown by an overall comparison between the major Italian monolingual dictionaries. Difficulties are related with both an unclear semantic classification of them and the lack of frequency and productivity data about their formation. Following the classification of Masini 2005 in terms of intensification, direction, metaphoric and actional meaning, the present paper carries out a case study aiming at frequency data in phrasal verbs withvia,...

97. The funny mirror of language: the process of reversing the English-Slovenian dictionary to build the framework for compiling the new Slovenian-English dictionary - Krek, Simon; Sorli, Mojca; Kocjancic, Polonca
The article describes the process of reversing the English-Slovenian dictionary database in XML format to create the framework for compiling the Slovenian-English dictionary. The aim was to maximize the abundance of information in an extensive dictionary database with a complex and detailed structure. The process involved lemmatization and POS-tagging of both source and target languages, construction of routines to form the preliminary list of possible headwords and their translation equivalents, as well as routines which enabled the grouping of numerous dictionary examples available in the original dictionary under the appropriate translation equivalent. The result is the reversed dictionary database in XML format with the DTD and XSL...

98. Refining and exploiting the structural markup of the eWDG - Schmidt, Thomas; Geyken, Alexander; Storrer, Angelika
In this paper, we describe a semi-automated approach to refine the dictionary-entry structure of the digital version of the Wörterbuch der deutschen Gegenwartssprache (WDG, en.: Dictionary of Present-day German), a dictionary compiled and published between 1952 and 1977 by the Deutsche Akademie der Wissenschaften that comprises six volumes with over 4,500 pages containing more than 120,000 headwords. We discuss the benefits of such a refinement in the context of the dictionary project Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache (DWDS, en: Digital Dictionary of the German language). In the current phase of the DWDS project, we aim to integrate multiple dictionary and corpus resources in German language into a digital...

99. La recerca lingüística en la TA - Melero Nogués, Maite
La recerca lingüística pot contribuir molt al desenvolupament de la Traducció Automàtica, i al problema fonamental de les divergències en la traducció, amb observacions de fenòmens, amb tècniques i teories que la recerca en TA pot adoptar i combinar amb mètodes estadístics d’anàlisi de corpus.

100. Hugo Chávez and the building of his self-image through metaphor - Negro Alousque, Isabel
In the last decades metaphor has been much researched from both theoretical and empirical perspectives. One of the metaphor research lines has been the study of metaphor in specialized genres, including politics (Musolff, 2004). Political metaphor has been considerably researched within the cognitive framework and a few investigations have been concerned with the use of metaphor by political leaders (e.g. Semino & Masci, 1996; Charteris-Black, 2004, 2009). The present paper focuses on the use of metaphor in the public discourse of Hugo Chávez, the former Venezuelan president. Chávez was a captivating, if polarizing, leader whose hallmark was his oratory. We analyse a sample of Chávez’s speeches for evidence of...

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