Mostrando recursos 81 - 100 de 18.766

  1. Contributions à la modélisation du sens par approches formelles, linguistiques et statistiques

    Villaneau, Jeanne
    Computational linguistics is a complex, interdisciplinary and very diversified field, which aims at developing IT programs for linguistic data processing. In the described project, we focus our attention on the understanding and communication side, under different aspects and application contexts.Based on the treated subject, we used different, specific approaches,  according to the related linguistic data and task: Logical formalisms based on the compositional nature of the language, to implement a module to understand and to detect emotions in the context of a man-machine dialogue system; Statistical analysis tools (Kohonen maps) to represent the linguistic knowledge of a child;Linguistic patterns, to...

  2. Além do inconsciente linguístico: figurabilidade do afeto e gênero em Merleau-Ponty

    Ayouch, Thamy
    International audience

  3. Effects of Noise Reduction on AM and FM Perception

    Ives, DT; Calcus, A; Kalluri, S; Strelcyk, O; Sheft, S; Lorenzi, C
    The goal of noise reduction (NR) algorithms in digital hearing aid devices is to reduce background noise whilst preserving as much of the original signal as possible. These algorithms may increase the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in an ideal case, but they generally fail to improve speech intelligibility. However, due to the complex nature of speech, it is difficult to disentangle the numerous low- and high-level effects of NR that may underlie the lack of speech perception benefits. The goal of this study was to better understand why NR algorithms do not improve speech intelligibility by investigating the effects of NR...

  4. Specific linguistic profiles in a Creole-speaking area: Children’s speech on Reunion Island

    Eyquem, Mylène
    International audience

  5. It’s Harder to Break a Relationship When you Commit Long

    Arai, Manabu; Shikanai, Chie
    Past research has produced evidence that parsing commitments strengthen over the processing of additional linguistic elements that are consistent with the commitments and undoing strong commitments takes more time than undoing weak commitments. It remains unclear, however, whether this so-called digging-in effect is exclusively due to the length of an ambiguous region or at least partly to the extra cost of processing these additional phrases. The current study addressed this issue by testing Japanese relative clause structure, where lexical content and sentence meaning were controlled for. The results showed evidence for a digging-in effect reflecting the strengthened commitment to an...

  6. It’s Harder to Break a Relationship When you Commit Long

    Arai, Manabu; Shikanai, Chie
    Past research has produced evidence that parsing commitments strengthen over the processing of additional linguistic elements that are consistent with the commitments and undoing strong commitments takes more time than undoing weak commitments. It remains unclear, however, whether this so-called digging-in effect is exclusively due to the length of an ambiguous region or at least partly to the extra cost of processing these additional phrases. The current study addressed this issue by testing Japanese relative clause structure, where lexical content and sentence meaning were controlled for. The results showed evidence for a digging-in effect reflecting the strengthened commitment to an...

  7. Análise da progressão textual e da estrutura temática em resenhas de alunos do ensino superior : um olhar sistêmico-funcional aliado à perspectiva sociointeracionista

    Sippert, Luciane
    O presente trabalho tem como objetivo geral analisar a progressão textual e a estrutura temática em resenhas produzidas por alunos no Ensino Superior, a partir dos pressupostos teórico da Linguística Sistêmico-funcional (HALLIDAY, 1978; HALLIDAY e MATTHIESSEN, 2004, 2014; MARTIN e ROSE, 2007; ROSE e MARTIN, 2012) aliados à Linguística Textual, a partir dos estudos de referenciação, numa perspectiva sociointeracionista (MONDADA, 2001; MONDADA e DUBOIS, 2003; MARCUSCHI, 1983 e 2008; KOCH et al.,2005; KOCH e ELIAS, 2010; KOCH, 2014; CAVALCANTE, 2011, 2012 e 2013; CAVALCANTE et al., 2014; e CIULLA, 2008). O que motivou este estudo foram as dificuldades enfrentadas por...

  8. O inglês como língua franca e a publicação acadêmica : uma análise de diretrizes para autores de periódicos internacionais

    Viégas, Maiara Rosa
    A língua inglesa hoje permite acesso a práticas internacionais por ser a língua mais utilizada em interações entre falantes de diferentes línguas maternas, em inúmeros contextos. Essa disseminação do inglês globalmente fez surgir novas formas de se enxergar o status língua, entre elas, a abordagem do inglês como língua franca (ILF). Visto que a maioria das interações em inglês hoje acontecerem entre falantes não nativos, o ILF busca a descentralização do falante nativo e a aceitação das variedades linguísticas. Entre os diversos contextos em que o inglês é difundido, pode-se dizer que a academia é um dos principais. Este trabalho...

  9. A história em disputa : sofística, linguagem e historiografia : uma análise dos discursos escandalizados com o narrativismo de Hayden White na historiografia contemporânea

    Moreira, Veridiano Koeffender
    Nas últimas décadas, assistimos a uma verdadeira reabilitação da autoconsciência retórica – com Hayden White no papel de arauto – no âmbito da historiografia. Contudo, embora o trabalho de White tenha se mostrado para muitos – entre os quais me incluo – como uma tentativa de ―avanço‖ em nossa autoconsciência, ele foi, paradoxalmente, muitas vezes visto e apresentado em discursos escandalizados como sinônimo de ―retrocesso‖ e ―obscurantismo‖. Persuadido do contrário – de que o ―ceticismo‖ de White não é um mal – prejudicial, contraproducente ou pernicioso ao nosso ofício –, eu analiso críticas desferidas ao dito ―relativismo linguístico‖. Tendo em...

  10. Putting Matawai on the Surinamese Linguistic Map *

    Migge, Bettina
    International audience

  11. Cross-linguistic influence in language creation: Assessing the role of the Gbe languages in the formation of the Creoles of Suriname

    Essegbey, James,; Migge, Bettina; Winford, Donald
    International audience

  12. Linguistic Variation, Integration & Identity Construction in Contexts of Migration: An Assessment of Current Approaches 1

    Migge, Bettina
    International audience

  13. Acquisition of abstract concepts is influenced by emotional valence.

    Ponari, M; Norbury, CF; Vigliocco, G
    There is considerable lack of evidence concerning the linguistic and cognitive skills underpinning abstract vocabulary acquisition. The present study considers the role of emotional valence in providing an embodied learning experience in which to anchor abstract meanings. First, analyses of adult ratings of age-of-acquisition, concreteness and valence demonstrate that abstract words acquired early tend to be emotionally valenced. Second, auditory Lexical Decision accuracies of children aged 6-7, 8-9, and 10-11 years (n = 20 per group) complement these analyses, demonstrating that emotional valence facilitates processing of abstract words, but not concrete. These findings provide the first evidence that young, school-aged...

  14. On Violence and Vision: Ethics and Aesthetics of Translation in the Work of Atxaga, Kundera and Semprún

    Hulme, HA
    Translation is never a neutral activity: simultaneously generative and destructive, connective and disruptive, translation illuminates a set of ethical issues surrounding the production and reception of literary forms. Translation also contains its own ethics concerned with the appropriations and manipulations involved in the attempted transfer of meaning between different languages, voices and cultures. This thesis engages with translation, in both theory and practice, as part of an interrogation of ethical as well as political thought within the twentieth-century European novel. I begin by exploring the binaries surrounding discussions of the ethics of translation, particularly Lawrence Venuti’s categorization of translations as...

  15. Publication or performance? Documenting the processes of translating two one-act Strindberg plays

    Brodie, GS
    This article documents the translation procedures taking place during a 2012 project in the Scandinavian Department of University College London, which marked the anniversary of August Strindberg’s death by retranslating four of his lesser-known one-act plays . The translators’ self-reflection on their work was captured in interviews recorded with them shortly after the translations had been performed. The working method, whereby two translators collaborated on each play, had the effect of foregrounding the dialogues created by the process, not only at socio-communicative levels between translating partners; but also on an academic plane, in the juxtapositions of linguistic and translation theories...

  16. Psychiatric knowledge on the Soviet periphery: mental health and disorder in East Germany and Czechoslovakia, 1948-1975

    Marks, SV
    This thesis traces the development of concepts and aetiologies of mental disorder in East Germany and Czechoslovakia under Communism, drawing on material from sychiatry and its allied disciplines, as well as discourses on mental health in the popular press and Party literature. I explore the transnational exchanges that shaped these concepts during the Cold War, including those with the USSR, China and other ountries in the Soviet sphere of influence, as well as engagement with science from the 'West'. It challenges assumptions about the 'pavlovization' and top-down control of psychiatry, demonstrating that researchers were far from isolated from international developments,...

  17. Contemporary Urban Vernaculars in Rap, Literature and in Translation in Sweden and the UK

    Smalley, N
    This thesis explores the use of contemporary urban vernaculars in creative writing in Sweden and the UK. Contemporary urban vernaculars can be defined as varieties of informal speech that have emerged in urban areas with high ethnic and linguistic diversity, and have come to index social affiliation and identity. The thesis examines the form these varieties take when represented in selected examples of creative writing including rap lyrics, poetry, prose, drama, and translation. It also looks at the way such varieties progress from one form to another, arguing that there is a translation effect in operation as spoken language is...

  18. Piteous Performances: Representations of Infanticide and its Contexts in Tudor and Stuart Literature of Stage and Street

    Billingham, JE
    This research derives from analysis of cases of suspicious infant death recorded in Sussex Coroners’ inquests between 1485 and 1688. It examines both infanticides and child murders, following the early modern practice of defining “infant” as up to age seven. The historical records, which are summarised in several theme-based tables, are combined with close readings of imaginative texts, including plays by Shakespeare, Middleton and Webster, broadside ballads, and pamphlets. Archival and literary accounts are examined in the context of early modern works concerning law, religion, and the body, alongside recent studies of women’s history, and childbirth. Anthropological theories concerning rites...

  19. The role of labels and metaphors in investigating interconnections between the Digital Humanities and the Humanities

    Nyhan, J
    It is not uncommon for practitioners of Digital Humanities (DH) to portray their research and colleagues as revolutionary. Looking to the published literature, for example, it can be noticed that a significant number of articles use the term in order to describe, define, demarcate and categorise Digital Humanities. These include articles with titles like ‘The Digital Humanities Revolution’ (Mattison 2006); articles and pieces that describe the work of Digital Humanities as being revolutionary in nature or effect, for example, the ‘Digital Humanities Manifesto 2.0’ (Presner et al. 2009), which explicitly refers to the ‘Digital Humanities revolution’; while works such as...

  20. Descriptive Translation Studies

    Hermans, T
    The academic discipline of translation studies is of relatively recent date. While there has been profound and critical thought about matters of translation throughout history, traditionally much of it was ad hoc, evaluative, and concerned with particular genres such as literature or sacred texts. Sustained attention to translation in an academic context did not begin until around the mid-20th century, when, as a result of technological and socioeconomic developments, the volume of translations increased substantially, especially in the industrialized world, and consequently the need arose to train professional translators. The fi rst generation of academically trained translation scholars consisted primarily of linguists involved in translator training. In the...

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