Mostrando recursos 81 - 100 de 3.143

  1. "I apologise for my poor blogging": Searching for Apologies in the Birmingham Blog Corpus

    Lutzky, Ursula; Kehoe, Andrew
    This study addresses a familiar challenge in corpus pragmatic research: the search for functional phenomena in large electronic corpora. Speech acts are one area of research that falls into this functional domain and the question of how to identify them in corpora has occupied researchers over the past 20 years. This study focuses on apologies as a speech act that is characterised by a standard set of routine expressions, making it easier to search for with corpus linguistic tools. Nevertheless, even for a comparatively formulaic speech act, such as apologies, the polysemous nature of forms (cf. e.g. I am sorry vs. a sorry...

  2. Exploring Functional Grammar. 2° Edition

    Lipson, Maxine
    This volume, Exploring Functional Grammar. 2° Edition, the second of the first three e-books of a new series entitled, Functional Grammar Studies for Non-Native Speakers of English, which is contained within the superordinate: Quaderni del Centro di Studi Linguistico-Culturali (CeSLiC), a research center in the Department of Modern Foreign Languages of the University of Bologna. The series proposes a metalinguistic description of English grammar in a functional, socio-semiotic perspective and is proving to be an effective teaching/learning resource for improving English literacy outcomes in the L2 pedagogic setting. The principal ‘consumers’ of the series are the students of the English...

  3. Exploring Functional Grammar. 2° Edition

    Lipson, Maxine
    This volume, Exploring Functional Grammar. 2° Edition, the second of the first three e-books of a new series entitled, Functional Grammar Studies for Non-Native Speakers of English, which is contained within the superordinate: Quaderni del Centro di Studi Linguistico-Culturali (CeSLiC), a research center in the Department of Modern Foreign Languages of the University of Bologna. The series proposes a metalinguistic description of English grammar in a functional, socio-semiotic perspective and is proving to be an effective teaching/learning resource for improving English literacy outcomes in the L2 pedagogic setting. The principal ‘consumers’ of the series are the students of the English...

  4. Exploring Functional Grammar

    Lipson, Maxine
    This volume, Exploring Functional Grammar, is the second of the first three e-books of a new series entitled, Functional Grammar Studies for Non-Native Speakers of English, which is contained within the superordinate: Quaderni del Centro di Studi Linguistico-Culturali (CeSLiC), a research center in the Department of Modern Foreign Languages of the University of Bologna. The series proposes a metalinguistic description of English grammar in a functional, socio-semiotic perspective and is proving to be an effective teaching/learning resource for improving English literacy outcomes in the L2 pedagogic setting. The principal ‘consumers’ of the series are the students of the English Language...

  5. Exploring Functional Grammar

    Lipson, Maxine
    This volume, Exploring Functional Grammar, is the second of the first three e-books of a new series entitled, Functional Grammar Studies for Non-Native Speakers of English, which is contained within the superordinate: Quaderni del Centro di Studi Linguistico-Culturali (CeSLiC), a research center in the Department of Modern Foreign Languages of the University of Bologna. The series proposes a metalinguistic description of English grammar in a functional, socio-semiotic perspective and is proving to be an effective teaching/learning resource for improving English literacy outcomes in the L2 pedagogic setting. The principal ‘consumers’ of the series are the students of the English Language...

  6. Language as purposeful: functional varieties of texts

    Miller, Donna R.; Maiorani, A.; Turci, M.
    This volume, "Language as Purposeful: Functional Varieties of Texts", is the third of the first three e-books of a new series entitled, "Functional Grammar Studies for Non-Native Speakers of English", which is contained within the superordinate: "Quaderni del Centro di Studi Linguistico-Culturali (CeSLiC)", a research center in the Department of Modern Foreign Languages of the University of Bologna. The series proposes a metalinguistic description of English grammar in a functional, socio-semiotic perspective and is proving to be an effective teaching/learning resource for improving English literacy in the L2 pedagogic setting. The principal ‘consumers’ of the series are the students of...

  7. Language as purposeful: functional varieties of texts

    Miller, Donna R.; Maiorani, A.; Turci, M.
    This volume, "Language as Purposeful: Functional Varieties of Texts", is the third of the first three e-books of a new series entitled, "Functional Grammar Studies for Non-Native Speakers of English", which is contained within the superordinate: "Quaderni del Centro di Studi Linguistico-Culturali (CeSLiC)", a research center in the Department of Modern Foreign Languages of the University of Bologna. The series proposes a metalinguistic description of English grammar in a functional, socio-semiotic perspective and is proving to be an effective teaching/learning resource for improving English literacy in the L2 pedagogic setting. The principal ‘consumers’ of the series are the students of...

  8. A representação da palavra escrita em crianças de idade pré-escolar

    Martins, Margarida Alves
    Bernard Schneuwly falando da teoria de Vigotsky (B. Schneuwly 1987) diz: «a linguagem escrita, como a linguagem interior, é uma função particular da linguagem que se desenvolve por diferenciação a partir da linguagem falada. A um certo nível, torna-se uma função independente, autónoma, com uma estrutura e funcionamento próprios, caracterizados nomeadamente pelos seus aspectos abstractos, voluntários e explícitos. Mas algumas questões importantes continuam em aberto: qual é a forma linguística desta linguagem; quais as etapas da sua aquisição; quais os mecanismos e meios que permitem a sua construção e o seu funcionamento? » É no quadro destas interrogações que este trabalho se situa. O nosso objectivo contribuir para a compreensão da forma como as crianças constroem e interiorizam...

  9. Cognitive and communicative pressures in natural language

    Mahowald, Kyle
    Why do languages have the words they do instead of some other set of words? In the first part of this thesis, I argue that cognitive and communicative demands strongly influence the structure of the lexicons of natural languages. It is known that words in natural language are distributed such that shorter words are more frequent and occur after more predictive contexts. I provide evidence that, at least in part, this pattern is driven by word shortenings (i.e., chimp -+ chimpanzee) and that word shortenings can be predicted by principles of efficient communication. I also show that, using nonce words...

  10. Experiencing mathematical proves syntax of an astrolabe

    Liuni, Francesca
    The goal of thesis is discussing the way historical scientific instruments are exhibited in Art or Science Museums. The astrolabe and the related mathematical theories, as developed in the Arabic and Persian tradition between X-XI Century, are taken as emblematic case for this analysis. The proposed solution is the design of museum spaces which translate the language of this instruments through the syntax of the space itself. The debate has its premise in Benjamin' concept of historical experience which is essential not only for clarifying our approach to the discipline of History of Science but it is also a pivotal...

  11. Use of Verb-Noun Collocations by Advanced Learners of Chinese

    Peng, Xiaolin
    The important role of collocations has been widely accepted in the current literature, but to date there are still relatively few studies on language learners’ collocation knowledge and development within different local contexts. The current study intends to contribute to the literature by investigating the oral production of Chinese verb-noun (V-N) collocations by a group of highly proficient learners comprised of both Chinese as a foreign language learners (CFL learners) and Chinese heritage language learners (CHL learners), as compared to Chinese native speakers (CNSs). The study brings together current literature on collocation and heritage language learners both from a Western...

  12. The Role of Higher Education in Linguistic Change

    Prichard, Hilary
    This dissertation examines the interaction between a social variable, higher education, and the linguistic variables which constitute local dialects. It draws on literature in both sociolinguistics and the sociology of education to propose a reformulation of the education variable which recognizes the ways in which the social meaning of education has changed over time. Two case studies are presented which examine the effect this new education variable has in ongoing local sound changes. The first uses data from the Philadelphia Neighborhood Corpus to study the extent to which Philadelphians with differing educational backgrounds have maintained local dialect features over the...

  13. Evidence and Formal Models in the Linguistic Sciences

    Santana, Carlos Gray
    This dissertation contains a collection of essays centered on the relationship between theoretical model-building and empirical evidence-gathering in linguistics and related language sciences. The first chapter sets the stage by demonstrating that the subject matter of linguistics is manifold, and contending that discussion of relationships between linguistic models, evidence, and language itself depends on the subject matter at hand. The second chapter defends a restrictive account of scientific evidence. I make use of this account in the third chapter, in which I argue that if my account of scientific evidence is correct, then linguistic intuitions do not generally qualify as...

  14. Genetic Diversity in Svaneti and Highland Western Georgia

    Yardumian, Aram
    This study investigates the genetic diversity and ethnohistory of Svaneti and its neighboring highland Georgian and breakaway regions in order to better understand the complex population history of the South Caucasus. The objectives of this project are to (1) document the biological diversity in contemporary settlements in the region of Svaneti; (2) compare patterns of gene diversity with Svaneti’s western and eastern neighbors, Abkhazia and South Ossetia, respectively; and (3) determine whether gene frequencies in Svaneti are evently distributed across geographic space by characterizing any village-level structuring. We will contextualize the findings within broader studies that address major regional population...

  15. Black Semiosis: Young Liberian Transnationals Mediating Black Subjectivity and Black Heterogeneity

    Smalls, Krystal A
    From the colonization of the “Dark Continent,” to the global industry that turned black bodies into chattel, to the total absence of modern Africa from most American public school curricula, to superfluous representations of African primitivity in mainstream media, to the unflinching state-sanctioned murders of unarmed black people in the Americas, antiblackness and anti-black racism have been part and parcel to modernity, swathing centuries and continents, and seeping into the tiny spaces and moments that constitute social reality for most black-identified human beings. The daily living and theorizing of a small group of twenty-something young people from Liberia provide the...

  16. A tradução de textos para crianças

    Medeiros, Andreia de Fátima Arruda
    Dissertação de Mestrado, Tradução e Assessoria Linguística, 25 de Junho de 2015, Universidade dos Açores.

  17. Poniendo en juego la iberia medieval: Alfonso X, el libro de buen amor y la poesia de cancionero

    Escourido, Juan
    En este trabajo me ocupo de tres fenómenos que se explican a partir de sendos ensamblajes lúdicos: la producción del sujeto moderno, el significado del Libro de buen amor y la poesía de cancionero. En el primer capítulo considero las Partidas, las Cantigas de Santa María, el Libro de los Juegos y el Ordenamiento de las Tafurerías, además de varias obras de literatura sapiencial, notablemente los Castigos de Sancho IV, los Bocados de Oro, las Flores de Filosofía, y el Libro de los cien capítulos. Argumento que la producción del sujeto moderno tiene lugar a través de convenciones lúdicas del...

  18. Re-mediating academic support: An ethnographic reading of a postsecondary learning center

    Miller, Marcus Ryan
    While overt and systematic forms of remediation proliferate at community colleges through developmental education courses, remediation also works across the system of U.S. higher education to satisfy divergent goals of universal access and highly guarded academic prestige. Recognizing that remediation often targets students whose “at-riskness” has been implicitly tied to their racial identities, socioeconomic status, language backgrounds, parental education levels, and/or status as international students, this practitioner research study attempted to better understand how remediation operates within and through a university-based learning center at a highly competitive institution and to enact, with students and colleagues, learning support practices that resist...

  19. Ethnic Variation of */tʕ/ in Aswan Arabic

    Schroepfer, Jason
    This study aims to provide some acoustic documentation of two unusual and variable allophones in Aswan Arabic. Although many rural villages in southern Egypt enjoy ample linguistic documentation, many southern urban areas remain understudied. Arabic linguists have investigated religion as a factor influencing linguistic variation instead of ethnicity. This study investigates the role of ethnicity in the under-documented urban dialect of Aswan Arabic. The author conducted sociolinguistic interviews in Aswan from 2012 to 2015. He elected to measure VOT as a function of allophone, ethnicity, sex, and age in apparent time. The results reveal significant differences in VOT lead and...

  20. On Negotiating Racial and Regional Identities: Vocalic Variation Among African Americans in Bakersfield, California

    King, Sharese
    This paper investigates the linguistic construction of ethnic and regional identities through the use of a local feature, BAT retraction and lowering (D’Onofrio 2015, Kennedy and Grama 2012, Podesva, D’Onofrio, Van Hofwegen and Kim 2015). Analysis of the speech of twelve African Americans from Bakersfield, California, shows an apparent change over time, such that younger African Americans produce backer tokens. Additionally, a targeted analysis of a single speaker suggests that African Americans’ degree of retraction can index local-based stances and affiliations. Because of BAT retraction’s indexing of coastal urban identity (Kennedy and Grama 2012) and the valley girl character-type (D’Onofrio...

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