Mostrando recursos 81 - 100 de 3.566

  1. La linguistica dei corpora applicata allo studio e all'insegnamento della lingua francese

    Michelis, Nicoletta
    Journée d'étude: « Le risorse e le tecnologie nel CLIFU per l'insegnamento delle lingue straniere », Université de Turin (Italie)

  2. The 'iffiness' of medical research articles A comparison of English if and French si

    Carter-Thomas, Shirley
    This paper will consider the functions of English if-clauses and French si-clauses in the medical research article from a cross-linguistic perspective. Such clauses are a frequent feature in research articles in both languages. The various prototypical functions these structures afford, related for example to the non-assertive value of the operator if/si in hypothesising, its logical value (“If X then Y”) and its conditional value specifying the conditions under which a certain claim or fact holds, make them a highly valuable resource in this particular research genre. This importance in the academic research world is also linked to their role as...

  3. Lafẓ (Linguistic Form)

    Kouloughli, Djamel

  4. $rec.titulo

    Léglise, Isabelle; Alby, Sophie
    This article examines the case of Kali'na, a minority Indigenous language of French Guiana, from the point of view of descriptive categories available in the literature (namely dominated language, minoritized language, endangered language). These terms are discussed, favouring more dynamic categories which focus on processes (minoritization/deminoritization). The article uses both micro- and macrosociolinguistic levels of analysis. At the macro level, indicators are proposed to gauge the minorization of Kali'na as it occurs on the scale of Guiana as a whole, by observing attitudes towards Kali'na language and culture, particularly as expressed in the media and in epilinguistic comments made by...

  5. INTRODUCCIÓN GENERAL

    Chamoreau, Claudine; Lastra, Yolanda
    Este capitulo introduce un libro cuya tematica es la dinamica lingustica en situacion de contacto linguistico. Nos enfocaremos en varios temas, en particular la relacion entre los aspectos linguisticos (perspectivas sincronicas y diacronicas) y sociolinguisticos. Algunas de las preguntas importantes que se plantean en este capitulo son ¿ Existe una correlación entre tipos de mecanismos y tipos de influencias ? y ¿ Se pueden jerarquizar los niveles del sistema frente al contacto?

  6. Text Linguistics and Navigation: Questions about Text

    Couto, Javier; Minel, Jean-Luc
    In this paper we address the problem of accessing text information by text
    navigation. We present an approach to text navigation conceived as a cognitive process
    exploiting linguistic information present in texts. We claim that the navigational knowledge
    involved in this process can be modeled in a declarative way with the Sextant language. Since
    this language refers exhaustively to specific linguistic phenomena, we define a customized
    text representation. These different components have been implemented in the text navigation
    system NaviTexte. NaviLire, an application of NaviTexte is described.

  7. Naturalist conceptions about agglutinative languages: Vinson's ideas about Basque and linguistic Darwinism

    Oyharçabal, B.
    The writings of the linguist and philologist J. Vinson were largely responsible for introducing to Basque studies "la science républicaine" (a curious expression employed recently by Bidart (2001: 198)) in the half-century between 1870 and 1920. The renowned Bascologist's attitude to the Basque language was double-edged, for while he considered Basque to be of great scientific interest as an ancient tongue, study of which would reveal the ‘state of the ancient Basque civilisations' (Vinson 1874: 55), socially, on the contrary, he saw Basque as useless in practice and doomed to disappear:
    "The Basque language, which is of no practical interest,...

  8. A Method for Automatic and Dynamic Estimation of Discourse Genre
    Typology with Prosodic Features

    Obin, Nicolas; Lacheret, Anne; Veaux, Christophe; Rodet, Xavier; Simon, Anne-Catherine
    This paper presents a work-in-progress on the automatic analysis of discourse genre in non-elicited speech. The study is focused on the development of bottom-up methods for automatic validation of discourse typologies found in linguistic descriptions (prosodic, syntactic, pragmatic and/or contextual and situational cues). The linguistic classification examined here opposes five discourse genres +/- controlled. To test this a priori classification under prosodic criteria, we propose a method that provides an automatic and dynamic estimation of discourse genre typology i.e. of prosodic similarities between discourse genres. This is achieved in a two-step procedure : a set of discriminant prosodic patterns is...

  9. The 'iffiness' of medical research articles : A comparison of English if and French si

    Carter-Thomas, Shirley
    This paper will consider the functions of English if-clauses and French si-clauses in the medical research article from a cross-linguistic perspective. Such clauses are a frequent feature in research articles in both languages. The various prototypical functions these structures afford, related for example to the non-assertive value of the operator if/si in hypothesising, its logical value (“If X then Y”) and its conditional value specifying the conditions under which a certain claim or fact holds, make them a highly valuable resource in this particular research genre. This importance in the academic research world is also linked to their role as...

  10. Semantic Annotation and Ontology Population

    Amardeilh, Florence
    This chapter deals with issues related to semantic annotation and ontology population within the framework defined by the Semantic Web (SW). The vision of the Semantic Web initiated in 1998 by Sir Tim Berners-Lee aims to structure the information available on the Web. To achieve that goal, the resources, textual or multimedias, must be semantically tagged by metadata so that software agents can exploit them. The idea developed in this chapter is to combine the information extraction (IE) tools with knowledge representation tools from the SW for the achievement of the two parallel tasks of semantic annotation and ontology population....

  11. Neuro linguistic programming: a personnal development tool applied to the pedagogy and to the improvment of teachers/students relations

    Legall, Jérôme; Dondon, Philippe
    6 pages

  12. Temporal coordination of articulatory gestures in consonant clusters and sequences of consonants

    Loevenbruck, Hélène; Collins, Michael,; Beckman, Mary,; Krishnamurthy, Ashok,; Ahalt, Stanley,
    In the framework of Articulatory Phonology, linguistic structures are represented in terms of coordinated articulatory gestures that are organized into a gestural score. Syllable structure can be seen as residing in the phasing of the dynamical gestures. The present study investigates the temporal coordination and cohesion of some articulatory gestures as a function of their respective configuration. It looks at the effect of speaking rate and accent on the articulation of the /kl/ or /skl/ clusters and on the same sequence of consonants separated by a reduced vowel (/k♠l/). Articulatory-phonetic representations inspired by gestural scores were recovered independently for both...

  13. Anchored down in Anchorage: Syllable structure and segmental anchoring in French

    Welby, Pauline; Loevenbruck, Hélène
    Rivista di Linguistica / Italian Journal of Linguistics. Current Issues in Tonal Alignment. Mariapaola d'Imperio (ed.)

  14. Managing Linguistic Data Summaries in Advanced P2P Applications

    Hayek, Rabab; Raschia, Guillaume; Valduriez, Patrick; Mouaddib, Noureddine
    chapitre... à corriger

  15. "Linguistic coaching: learning and teaching the strategic pragmatics of communication"

    Lureau, Maxence

  16. Words and their meanings: principles of variation and stabilization

    Robert, Stéphane
    This article, entrenched in cognitive linguistics, examines the different reasons behind linguistic variation and proposes a multidimensional approach to the layering of the lexicon and its semantic organization, aiming at explicating the principles of variation and stabilization of lexical networks. Semantic variation is considered as inherent to language structure and driven by common universal cognitive mechanisms which are accounted for by a dynamic conception of meaning construal. Intra-linguistic plasticity of meaning echoes inter-linguistic variation. The discourse level is the seat of meaning construal mechanisms which contribute to the general polysemy of lexical units and to the stabilization of their meaning...

  17. Children's appropriation of grammar and constructions through self-repairs and reformulations

    Leroy, Marie; Caët, Stéphanie
    Children's language acquisition develops at the crossroads of the appropriation of the linguistic system and its use in dialogue. Analyzing children's reformulations and self-repairs can help us grasp the interesting moments when the interdependence of “language” and “speech” in interaction is visible. This presentation will focus on the quantitative and qualitative analyses of Madeleine and Théophile self-repairs between the ages of one year and a half and three. These analyses will be set in the framework of the two children's general cognitive and linguistic development, in particular the grammatical tools, and the discursive and linguistic resources at the children's disposal...

  18. Children's internalization of social and grammatical rules : self-repairs and reformulations

    Caët, Stéphanie; Leroy, Marie; Morgenstern, Aliyah
    Children's language acquisition develops at the crossroads of the appropriation of the linguistic system and its use in dialogue. Analyzing children's reformulations and self-repairs can help us grasp the interesting moments when the interdependence of "language" and "speech" in interaction is visible. This presentation will focus on the quantitative and qualitative analyses of Madeleine and Théophile self-repairs between the ages of one year and a half and three. The analyses will be set in the framework of the two children's general cognitive and linguistic resources at the children's disposal as they grow up. We will show how the adults'input seems...

  19. A Fuzzy Linguistic Summarization Technique for TV Recommender Systems

    Pigeau, Antoine; Raschia, Guillaume; Gelgon, Marc; Mouaddib, Noureddine; Saint-Paul, Régis
    International audience

  20. The development of children's adjustment to the interlocutor's knowledge: the expression of causal relations in narratives.

    Veneziano, Edy; Hudelot, Christian
    Acquiring narrative skills is a developmental process that takes many years and is even not totally accomplished at the end of schooling.
    From previous studies we know that children as young as 4-5 years can produce descriptive narratives but have difficulties with providing explanatory relations, particularly when they involve the internal states of the characters. We also know that young children can, for example, mark referents' introductions in a way that takes into account the knowledge they share with their interlocutors. Do children adjust in a similar way the degree of causal interconnectedness among events, as well as the...

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