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Nomenclatura Unesco > (57) Lingüística

Mostrando recursos 81 - 100 de 52,757

81. Geographic knowledge production through GIS: towards a model for quality monitoring. http://www.ncgia.ucsb.edu/Publications/Tech_Reports/92/9212.PDF (accessed 26 th - Helen Couclelis; Kate Board; William Mackaness; Helen Couclelis; Helen Couclelis
Abstract. GIS is a tool for the production of applied geographic knowledge as well as for its wide dissemination and use. This paper examines the problems of quality control and monitoring resulting from the ease with which non-experts can now produce, using GIS, many kinds of documents thus far obtainable only from experts. Because the quality of a GIS product is largely a function of the background assumptions and specific purpose of each application, it is in general not possible to build appropriate product quality controls directly into the system. A conceptual model is proposed, based on a linguistic metaphor,...

82. Multilingual Education in Europe: Policy Developments - José Manuel Vez
ABSTRACT: In order to gain ground in the Europe of knowledge, we must make sure that pupils in all EU countries receive the appropriate education and develop the right knowledge and skills, including intercultural and plurilingual competences. But how successful a cohesive process for a multilingual Europe is it likely to be? In which way do new policy developments in language education affect curriculum decision-making, professionalism and our own sense of identity and intercultural options? Up to which point do ‘linguistic unity ’ and ‘linguistic diversity ’ have to be taken into account as political and educational factors gearing towards...

83. Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich - Eugen Fischer
The construction and analysis of arguments supposedly are a philosopher’s main business, the demonstration of truth or refutation of falsehood his principal aim. In Sense and Sensibilia, J.L. Austin does something entirely different: He discusses the sense-datum doctrine of perception, with the aim not of refuting it but of ‘dissolving ’ the ‘philosophical worry ’ it induces in its champions. To this end, he ‘exposes ’ their ‘concealed motives’, without addressing their stated reasons. The paper explains where and why this at fi rst sight outrageous aim and approach are perfectly sensible, how exactly Austin proceeds, and how his approach...

84. THE FOLK TALES OF BIHAR: AN ANTHROPOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE - Sarita Sahay
Folklore, like all other products of man’s artistic endeavour, is an ideological manifestation of human creativity. Folklore includes all myths, legends, folk tales, ballads, riddles, proverbs and supersti-tions (Dundes 1989). The term folklore was first coined by William J. Thomas in 1846. Like other elements of human culture, folklore is not mere the creation of chance. Folklore exists in time and space, and is are current in people’s linguistic and social contacts, during the passage of years and accompanying historical change (Thompson 1946). The folk tale is an important constituent of folklore. Even today the folk tale is one of...

85. Bilingual Text Matching Using Bilingual Dictionary and Statistics - Takehito Utsuro; Iiiroshi Ikeda; Masaya Yamane; Yuji Matsumoto; Makoto Nagao
This paper describes a unified framework for bilingnal text matching by combining existing hand-written bilingual dictionaries and statistical techniques. The process of bilingual text matching consists of two ma-jor steps: sentence alignment and structural matching of bilingual sentences. Statistical techniques are apt plied to estimate word correspondences not included in bilingual dictionaries. Estimated word correspon-dences are useful for improving both sentence align-ment and structural matching. 1 In t roduct ion Bilingnal (or parallel) texts are useful as resources of linguistic knowledge as well as in applications uch as machine translation. One of the major approaches to analyzing bilin-gual texts is...

86. Un proyecto de investigación para la historia de la lexicografía hispanoamerindia - Hernández, Esther
En este trabajo pretendemos dar a conocer un proyecto de investigación de lexicografía hispanoamericana que está en curso' y que se basa en un fondo poco estudiado por la filología y la lingüística españolas, como es el de los vocabularios bilingües compuestos por los misioneros en la época colonial. Si bien se ha apreciado su valor como diccionarios de las lenguas amerindias (Haensch 2000), hasta ahora no se ha valorado su especificidad como obras lexicográficas españolas.~

87. Dyslexia and dysgraphia in Greek in relation to normal development: cross-linguistic and longitudinal studies. - Diamanti, V.
Studies on developmental dyslexia in transparent orthographies have established that children learning to read in such languages hardly experience difficulties in word reading accuracy and phonological awareness tasks, but suffer from a reading speed deficit. On the other hand in the English orthography, where the mappings between graphemes and phonemes are largely inconsistent, children exhibit significant difficulties in both word reading accuracy and speed. Greek is characterized by a high degree of regularity for reading, but is inconsistent for spelling. The variability of phoneme-to-grapheme correspondences and the highly inflectional nature of the particular orthography constitute spelling in Greek a considerably...

88. Arabic on the Dahlak Islands (Erittrea) - Simeone-Senelle, Marie-Claude
Colloque (ARCO 2014) : "Arabic in Contact. Linguistic and Sociolinguistic Perpectives" Exemplier distribué lors de ma communication, session "Arabic Based Contact Varieties in Sub-Saharan Africa" La publication de Proceedings est prévue

89. Systemic functional linguistics and discourse analysis as alternatives when dealing with texts - García Montes, Paula Andrea; Sagre Barboza, Ana María; Lacharme Olascoaga, Alba Isabel

90. Rafael Sánchez Ferlosio, pensador: estudio de las constantes de sus ensayos - Ruescas Juárez, Juan Antonio
Esta tesis estudia la obra ensayística y de articulista de Rafael Sánchez Ferlosio en su conjunto, remitiendo a textos concretos de diversas épocas, reuniendo los que tratan una misma cuestión, indicando cuáles son las aportaciones propias de Ferlosio y extrayendo sus constantes o posibles claves para la lectura de su obra; y lo hemos hecho prestando especial atención a los aspectos que resultan relevantes para la filosofía moral y política, así como a las relaciones de la obra de Ferlosio con la de otros autores españoles contemporáneos. El estudio comienza por las reflexiones de Ferloio sobre el lenguaje (ordinario y...

91. El bilingüismo en el estado de Nuevo México: pasado y presente - Martín Pescador, Fernando
Esta investigación se centra en la sociedad multicultural y plurilingüe de Nuevo México. El gobierno del estado se presenta a sí mismo como una tierra en la que conviven múltiples culturas y en la que tienen cabida varias lenguas. El objetivo de la tesis es comprobar si estas declaraciones y estas intuiciones son ciertas. Para ello, se necesita responder en qué contexto geográfico e histórico encontramos este fenómeno nuevomexicano, qué elementos definen una sociedad bilingüe, dónde podemos encontrar datos fiables sobre las lenguas habladas en Nuevo México, qué políticas educativas se han seguido a lo largo de la historia y...

92. Implementación de reglas de proyección conceptuales en el marco de la semántica profunda para la reutilización de bases de conocimiento enciclopédico - Carrión Varela, María de los Llanos
La tesis doctoral realizada parte del trabajo desarrollado dentro del marco de la migración de datos entre diferentes modelos de conocimiento y herramientas de procesamiento del lenguaje natural (en adelante, PLN), así como del modelado de bases de conocimiento. Más concretamente, el trabajo se centra en la metodología y resultados de la representación conceptual del conocimiento episódico, como resultado del proceso de reutilización y proyección del conocimiento almacenado en otras bases de conocimiento, a FunGramKB (http://www.fungramkb.com), una base de conocimiento multilingüe y multipropósito. Dicha base de conocimiento se compone de módulos léxicos y conceptuales, siendo en estos últimos donde la...

93. [en] INTERCULTURAL METACOMMUNICATION EVALUATION IN HUMAN-COMPUTER INTERACTION: A VOCABULARY TO ACCESS USERS CULTURAL PERSPECTIVES - CATIA MARIA DIAS FERREIRA
[pt] É fato que a diversidade cultural tornou-se um novo desafio na Interação Humano-Computador. Atualmente, os usuários podem navegar por quase todos os lugares da Web, sem fronteiras nacionais e/ou culturais, fazendo contato intencional ou não com elementos de culturas estrangeiras (idiomas, práticas e etc.). A Web tornou-se, portanto, um local privilegiado para encontros interculturais, i.e., um lugar onde os usuários têm a oportunidade de entrar em contato com a diversidade cultural diretamente (ao interagir com outros usuários através de redes sociais, por exemplo) ou indiretamente (quando interagem com aplicações que carregam traços culturais estrangeiros). Este cenário indica a necessidade...

94. Linguística? Que é isso? - Calil, Lucas
Experiente na missão de fazer da Linguística um objeto de estudo atraente e acessível, José Luiz Fiorin põe à disposição dos interessados – sejam alunos de Letras, estudantes de áreas afins e curiosos em geral – um novo e atualizado manual de introdução aos estudos de linguagem. E, como sempre, com a preocupação em suscitar prazer na imersão nos conceitos fundamentais de uma ciência que se desenvolveu e se ramificou, sobretudo, no século XX. Com Linguística? Que é isso?, lançado no país em maio passado pela editora Contexto, Fiorin – e quatro professores articulistas – recupera questões já abordadas em manuais anteriores, em especial nos dois volumes de...

95. Blogging 9/11 and Memory Discourse - Paganoni, Maria Cristina
Marking �Time Zero� in the history of the US and the world, the 9/11 catastrophe provoked an outburst of discourses that found an unprecedented sounding board in the blogosphere, flooded with fragmentary contributions from a global public that mostly witnessed the event mediated by TV coverage. Examining a decade bracketed by those traumatic attacks and Osama bin Laden�s death, we may ask ourselves in what relationship the continuous flow of comments, disclosures and news updates published on 9/11-related blogs stands to the making of the history of the event and what followed it, especially the emergence of the �war-on-terror� rhetoric. This...

96. Palabras, palabras, palabras: La Celestina como una autorrepresentación - Fernández Díaz, David Félix
Words, dialogic exchanges and linguistic relations that configure communicative systems are foundational aspects of La Celestina. As a communicative system that renders multiple communicative representations, the text projects to itself a rich self-reference on the very same dialog it represents. From this perspective, metalanguage is presented as an essential component in this Rojas text and from which one of the multiple readings is built.

97. Cognitive Linguistics and the Law - Valenzuela Manzanares, Javier
Cognitive Linguistics (CL) believes that the study of language can be informative with regards to human thought processes. If language is built on top of more basic, non-­‐‑linguistic cognitive skills, then some of the mechanisms behind language must surely also be used in other areas of cognition. This means that some of the explanations proposed by CL could help us clarify aspects of human behavior that go well beyond language. The present work is an attempt at looking at a number of mechanisms used in CL to explain language, and see how they shed light on one specific human area:...

98. Introducción - Polanco Martínez, Fernando
La Lingüística Cognitiva (LC, en adelante) se ha convertido, en los últimos tiempos, en uno de los paradigmas teóricos más sugestivos –y cada vez más influyentes– en el estudio de las lenguas naturales. Se trata, más que de una teoría del lenguaje, de una estrategia, de una perspectiva integradora que engloba diversos acercamientos al estudio lingüístico. Constituye, en definitiva, un enfoque teórico flexible (Geeraerts y Cuickens 2007: 4)1 en el que confluyen diferentes acercamientos al análisis lingüístico con una visión común del lenguaje y de su estudio.

99. La construcción A URMA + SUBJUNTIVO/INFINITIVO como marca de futuro planeado - Topor, Mihaela
El objeto de estudio de este artículo se inscribe dentro de la lingüística descriptiva, ya que nos proponemos demostrar que la perífrasis verbal del rumano formada por el verbo a urma ‘seguir’ y un verbo en subjuntivo o infinitivo (en adelante, a urma + SUBJ/INF) funciona como una marca de futuro planeado. Para demostrar que la construcción encierra el valor semántico mencionado nos basamos, por un lado, en estudios acerca de cómo se gramaticalizan las marcas temporales, aspectuales y modales (TAM) en idiomas de distintas tipologías y, por otro, en el análisis de datos empíricos de corpus con respecto a...

100. "Es que nuestro idioma es mejor que el vuestro": Contacto lingüístico español-francés en el siglo XIX en Santiago de Cuba a través de las páginas de "El Redactor" - Bonne Bravo, Arcilio; Causse Cathcart, Mercedes
The relationship between speakers of different languages established under certain circumstances means an exchange that lead to interlinks, to a higher or lower degree, between the languages involved. This kind of situation occurred in Santiago de Cuba in the XIXTH century. As a result of the Haitian revolution, a migratory wave arrived to this region of the country, further continued from France. This research paper is focused on the linguistic contact between Spanish and French languages in Santiago de Cuba during the XIXTH century and how the printed press of the epoch reflects some of its manifestations. With that purpose, several texts have been analyzed, especially a...

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