learner experience and quality of MOOCs
- Gráinne Conole
This chapter considers the pedagogies associated with different types of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). It argues that the current discourse around the concept of xMOOCs (primarily based around interaction with content and essentially adopting a behaviourist learning approach), and cMOOCs (which focus on harnessing the power of social media and interaction with peers, adopting a connectivist learning approach), is an inadequate way of describing the variety of MOOCs and the ways in which learners engage with them. It will provide a brief history of the emergence of MOOCs and the key stakeholders. It will introduce an alternative means of...
Teaching by example: A case for peer workshops about pedagogy and technology
- Colleen Reilly
Many institutions and their information technology (IT) professionals expend significant time and resources encouraging faculty members to integrate targeted technologies into their pedagogies. To further some technology initiatives, IT professionals should consider working with department chairs and others to identify faculty members who can serve as technology liaisons to their home departments; these liaisons can encourage the integration of technology through workshops and other methods that target the pedagogical concerns of their specific fields. Because they understand the disciplinary norms and can speak to their colleagues about the concrete educational needs that technologies can help them meet, such technologically savvy...
Perilous Pedagogies: Female Education Questioned in the Epistolary Novels
- Of Rousseau; Sarah-louise Raillard
This dissertation looks at the thematic and narrative tensions that emerge when certain prominent late eighteenth-century French epistolary novels deal with the issue of women’s education and the possibility of its reform. The debate of the latter half of the century is firmly centered on Rousseau, who wrote both a best-selling epistolary novel dealing with the position of women in society (Julie, ou la Nouvelle Héloïse) and a controversial pedagogical treatise that suggests sweeping changes to male education but decisively anchors women within a limited domestic sphere (Émile). More specifically, I have examined how Rousseau’s contradictory and problematic discussion of...
Constructing Local/Global Pedagogies: Insights into The Learning Experiences of International Students
- Michael Singh; Eira Sproats
There is mounting concern that because education policies in Australia are driven by market-oriented neo-liberal globalism that the potential role education can play in a changing national/global environment is being undermined. For instance, Rizvi (2003a) observes that there is a danger that the Australian policies that are moving towards a market-driven higher education, will
Pedagogies for diversity: retaining critical challenge amidst
Copyright Sue Greener
- Susan Greener; Sue Greener
This working paper offers a case study of seven years ’ experience of delivering the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development’s (CIPD) Professional Standards elective on Learning and Development within a part-time Masters Programme in a UK university. The affordances of the technology support and foster a greater sharing of experience, reflection and resource in a retrievable mode than is often the case in traditional face-to-face workshops. The LMS technology available includes discussion boards and wikis, online surveys, variable release dates for materials and a searchable resource bank as well as simple weblinks. Some of these features are still regarded...
Promoting Instructional Change in New Faculty: An Evaluation of the Physics and Astronomy New Faculty Workshop
- Charles Henderson
Abstract. An important finding of Physics Education Research (PER) is that traditional, transmission-based instructional approaches are generally not effective in promoting meaningful student learning. Instead, PER advocates that physics be taught using more interactive instructional methods. Although the research base and corresponding pedagogies and strategies are well-documented and widely available to physics faculty, widespread change in physics teaching at the college level has yet to occur. Since 1996, the Workshop for New Physics and Astronomy Faculty has been working to address this problem. This workshop, jointly administered by the American Association of Physics Teachers, the American Astronomical Society, and the...
Problem-based learning spanning real and virtual words: a case study in Second Life
- Judith Gooda; Katherine Howl; Liz Thackrayc
There is a growing use of immersive virtual environments for educational purposes. However, much of this activity is not yet documented in the public domain, or is descriptive rather than analytical. This paper presents a case study in which university students were tasked with building an interactive learning experience using Second Life as a platform. Both problem-based learning and constructionism acted as framing pedagogies for the task, with students working in teams to design and build a learning experience which could potentially meet the needs of a real client in innovative ways which might not be possible in real life....
Signature pedagogies in doctoral education: Are they adaptable for the preparation of education researchers
- Chris M. Golde
This article describes two practices that can be considered signature pedagogies of doctoral education, one in neuroscience (the journal club) and one in English studies (the list). The practices are routinely found in these and neighboring disciplines but are not found in other fields. The journal club and the list share the goal of acquainting students with the literature of a field, but apart from that, they are very different. In addition to teaching students to work with the literature, they serve other pedagogical goals, including socializing students into disciplinary norms and identities. Thus they serve as windows into the...
“You Can’t Get There from Here”: Research and Redirections
- Suzanne De Castell; Jennifer Jenson
This chapter presents a discussion of impediments, obstacles, and immo-bilities. It draws heavily on a prior study of queer street-involved youth, a “needs analysis ” that was supposed to precede the establishment of dedi-cated housing for homeless “queer and questioning ” youth. As most such work does, the original analysis has since leaked over into analyses of mul-tiliteracies, activism, production pedagogies, and participatory research methods, so we will not detail those here (de Castell & Jenson, 2005, 2006). This chapter’s purpose is to identify and consider several specific “blockages ” that study brought to light, often in the voices of...
VINITI VAISH A PERIPHERIST VIEW OF ENGLISH AS A LANGUAGE
ABSTRACT. This article presents a ‘peripherist ’ view of English language use in India. I define peripherism as the ideology or view of those groups that have his-torically been linguistically subalternized or disenfranchised but that have now, due to the market forces of globalization, gained access to linguistic capital. Rather than a tool of linguicism, which it was during British colonialism, English in India today is an agent of decolonization that enables the urban poor to access the global economy. The peripherist ideology disagrees with sociolinguists who think that English endangers local languages and perpetuates inequality. It sees this as...
The Higher Education Academy
This project examines the role of the teacher educator tutor and the strategies used to facilitate teaching and learning online. It reports on ways in which teacher educators utilise technology to support student learning and participation, and to develop effective communities of practice. The findings indicate that there has been limited transition to web 2.0 pedagogies, such as blogs, wikis, video-conferencing and the use of immersive virtual worlds. Limited use is being made of the interactive and collaborative features of VLEs. Assessment methods remain conventional written assignments and reflective journals with minimal use of online tests, e-portfolios and peer assessment....
Professional Practice Research: Ensuring teacher development through a critical approach to professional learning
- Tania Aspland; Ian Macpherson (co-author
Adelaide and president of the Australian Teacher Educators Association (ATEA). She has been a leader in course development in teacher education for many years and is currently engaged in a number of research projects in higher education pedagogies in teacher education undergraduate and graduate courses. Professor Aspland has developed an international
Author’s Contact Information
- Annetta K L Tsang; Annetta K L Tsang
Students in professional training programs enter their program knowing what they will be trained “to become ” (e.g. training in medicine to become a doctor). Many different “signature pedagogies, ” such as clinical teaching, case-based discussion, have been advocated to teach professional education. Yet, graduates of professional training programs are often deemed ill-prepared for the real world, despite possessing exceptional knowledge and technical fineness. This paper aims to explore the connections between the hidden curriculum, threshold concepts and students as evolving professionals, and propose a multi-perspective approach for the transformation of students into work-ready professionals. The proposed approach encourages the...
Two E-learning Projects for Quality of Higher Education in Taiwan ROC: Corpus-Based General and Academic English Learning Environments
- Hsien-chin Liou; Jason S. Chang
In 2002, English learning for Academic Purposes (EAP) was among the urgent agendas of e-learning for Taiwan, ROC, while general college English instruction was also under reform at National Tsing Hua University and several others in the same country. To respond to the call for proposals on e-Learning in Taiwan, an innovative project for general English education and another project for academic writing are reported in this paper. The two multi-year collaborative projects have (a) incorporated advanced digital technologies for English education, and new pedagogies as preparation and design of online digital content, (b) promoted their use and dissemination of...
RE-IMAGINING INDIGENOUS PRESENCE IN THE CLASSROOM
- Margaret Kovach
This essay contemplates the context of treaty and the values it offers as a way to imagine anew a just relationship between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples within the particular context of education. It begins with a theoretical meandering of sorts, a ‘thinking it through piece’, and asks, ‘What does the treaty relationship, as envisioned by Indigenous peoples, teach us about critical and respectful pedagogy? What are the tensions and contradictions involved in teaching from and through treaty. The essay then explores the implications of a treaty lens within formal schooling through including both Indigenous and non-Indigenous perspectives. Situating treaty within...
Essai critique / Review Essay Feminist Pedagogy1: Transformations, Standpoints, and Politics
- Ann Manicom
The true aim of the teaching I have been describing is... to empassion students with feminist knowledge.... It is true that we must not preach. But we must passionately teach.... We are deeply involved in the things we study. We cannot pretend we do not care. We look at our subject with passion because we are our subject. (Raymond, 1985, pp. 57–58) Feminist educators have a passion for their teaching, and are driven by a vision of “a world which is not yet. ” They work differently, depending where and what they teach and what their politics are. They interrogate...
Research in Higher Education Journal Service Learning for Accounting Students, Page 1 Service learning for accounting students: what is the faculty role?
- Victoria Calvert; Rafik Kurji; Shiraz Kurji
The recent financial meltdown and ongoing exposure of corrupt business practices highlights the need for business educators to integrate teaching pedagogies which promote ethical graduates. Service-learning is a methodology widely recognized as bridging theoretical concepts with experiential learning through community service. This paper examines the impact of a service-learning tax preparation project facilitated by accounting professors over a seven-year period. Specifically, the impact on stakeholders, including accounting students, the student tax clients, employers, and faculty are examined. The operational barriers which contributed to closing the program, as well as suggestions for future service-learning programs are discussed. Further, the role of...
Calculus Reform---For the $Millions
- David Klein And; David Klein; Jerry Rosen
that their first collegiate exposure to calculus should be inundated with deltas and epsilons? When reform fails, as it often does, reformers claim that the reform pedagogies were not properly implemented or that teachers lack sufficient knowledge. But it is axiomatic that no such explanations may be given for traditional approaches. Multimillion -dollar grants would collapse without this axiom. The calculus reform movement was a facile response to a real problem: the declining performance of American students in college calculus courses. Without any credible scientific study, many reformers put forth "solutions" such as eliminating theory, making more conceptual problems, decreasing...
Impact of ICT on Argumentative Content and Vocabulary Usage
- Prema Ponnudurai
To be a good writer a person has to be well read. Effective reading skills are believed to in turn improve writing skills in terms of vocabulary and content. At college level, writing is the focal component of most ESL (English as a Second Language) courses as it reflects not only overall language proficiency but also the level of critical thinking and depth of maturity. To develop these skills, educators use traditional printed texts for better writing output based on that information. The current ‘Net Generation ’ of students however, are tech-savvy and more used to faster and more interactive...