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Nomenclatura Unesco > (59) Ciencia Política > (5910) Opinión pública
(5910.01) Información (5910.02) Medios de comunicación de masas
(5910.03) Prensa (5910.04) Propaganda
(5910.99) Otras (especificar)

Categorías relacionadas:
(6114.15) Opinión pública

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 7,346

1. El mejor sistema de gobierno según Bolívar - Pabón Núñez, Lucio
Aunque La Carta de Jamaica es para muchos estudiosos la mejor de las piezas bolivarianas, estoy con quienes juzgan que la obra cimera es la Constitución de Angostura de 1819 y el Discurso con que defendió Bolívar el proyecto presentado ante el constituyente de aquella ciudad. Generalmente se ha hablado del Poder Moral o Areópago compuesto de dos Cámaras (la de Moral y la de Educación) propuesto por el Libertador allí y no del resto de las disposiciones proyectadas. Quizás la razón de esta falla se deba a que el Poder Moral fue muy difundido desde que el Congreso de Angostura...

2. Understanding environmental policy preferences: New evidence from Brazil - Aklin, Michaël; Bayer, Patrick; Harish, S.P.; Urpelainen, Johannes
We examine the relationship between socio-economic factors and public opinion on environmental policies in Brazil, drawing on a survey conducted in June 2012. There are few systematic studies of the determinants of environmental preferences in emerging economies, and Brazil is a particularly interesting case because of its democratic political system, rapid economic growth, and importance for the global environment. In general, we find that the Brazilian public is highly supportive of environmental protection. To explain variation in environmental preferences, we focus on the effects of income and education. Many previous studies suggest that both should have positive effects, but the...

3. Las cortes de Cádiz y la iglesia. El papel de Abeja española - J. M. Alonso Feito
When the Cádiz Cortes were committed in drafting their constitution, church-state relations were quite tense, since the measures adopted by the Cortes and endorsed by the Constitution of 1812, clearly clashed with clerical centuries-long interests and deep-rooted ideology. In this context, the activity of some representatives of the Cadiz local press and, in particular, the satirical journal Abeja Española, was aimed at widespreading the constitutional principles and creating what nowadays we intend as “public opinion”. Publications are embedded with satire but there can be read serious articles and contributions of social concern too, aimed at seducing an audience who...

4. La biopolítica y los dispositivos de control de la opinión pública en la era del ciberespacio - Cano Ramírez, Carlos Mario
El presente texto se propone un esbozo general de la forma como se configura el ciberespacio y cómo este puede ser leído desde la lógica de la biopolítica, bajo una mirada crítica inaugurada por Michel Foucault y continuada por Maurizio Lazzarato, que sirve para entender cómo los espacios de simulación digital no escapan a las relaciones de poder, las cuales se basan en el control del movimiento del usuario en esta dimensión virtual, a partir de la posibilidad de marcar y predecir su trayectoria en su devenir como cibernauta. Se concluye entonces que la generación de la realidad social en...

5. El Discurso Político de José Joaquín Camacho y Lago - Martínez Garnica, Armando
Durante el año 1812, el doctor José Joaquín Camacho dirigió al menos 23 cartas políticas al doctor José Fernández Madrid, publicadas en entregas sucesivas del periódico El Argos Americano y después de la Gazeta de Cartagena de Indias. El destinatario era uno de los editores de esos dos periódicos que se imprimían en la antigua imprenta del Consulado de Comercio, que al publicarlas les fue asignando títulos que daban cuenta de sus temas particulares: comercio del Nuevo Reino de Granada, moneda común de las provincias autónomas, el nuevo sistema general de política interior e internacional, uniformidad de pesos y medidas, riqueza del Reino y urgencia de integrar una federación de sus provincias. Las ideas principales que fueron propuestas en estas...

6. Did Growth and Reforms Increase Citizens’ Support for the Transition? - Golinelli, Roberto; Rovelli, Riccardo
How did post-communist transformations affect people’s perceptions of their economic and political systems? We model a pseudo-panel with 89 country-year clusters, based on 13 countries observed between 1991 and 2004, to identify the macro and institutional drivers of the public opinion. Our main findings are: (i) When the economy is growing, on average people appreciate more extensive reforms; they dislike unbalanced reforms. (ii) Worsening of income distribution and higher inflation interact with an increasing share of the private sector in aggravating nostalgia for the past regime. (iii) Cross-country differences in the attitudes towards the present and future (both in the economic and political dimensions) are largely explained by differences...

7. Who blames corruption for the poor enforcement of environmental laws? Survey evidence from Brazil - Aklin, Michaël; Bayer, Patrick; Harish, S.P.; Urpelainen, Johannes
Who blames corruption for the poor enforcement of environmental laws? The answer to this question is important since corruption is an important reason why environmental policies are not properly enforced, but previous studies of environmental public opinion do not address the issue. We analyze data from a survey fielded in Brazil in June 2012, immediately preceding the Rio+20 environmental summit. We test hypotheses on income, education, and perception of corruption as a cause of poor enforcement of environmental policy. We find that wealthy individuals are more likely to associate corruption with enforcement failure than their poorer counterparts. However, education is...

8. Information and energy policy preferences: a survey experiment on public opinion about electricity pricing reform in rural India - Aklin, Michaël; Bayer, Patrick; Harish, S.P.; Urpelainen, Johannes
A common argument for the lack of economic reform in developing countries is popular opposition. If current economic policies are dysfunctional, could information about alternatives sway the voters? We examine if a simple argument emphasizing the need to increase electricity prices for improved supply can change public opinion in the case of India’s power sector reforms. The evidence comes from a survey experiment in rural Uttar Pradesh, which is both India’s largest state and has one of the lowest levels of household electrification. As expected, people respond to information about the relationship between electricity pricing, capacity investment, and reliability of...

9. ESTUDIO SOBRE SOCIEDADES DE INVERSIÓN DE CAPITAL VARIABLE (SICAV) CASO PRÁCTICO: MORINVEST SICAV - ANDREU DOLZ, JUAN
[ES] Desde que se inició la crisis, hace unos años, hasta hoy día, los diferentes gobiernos que ha tenido España, bien porque creían que era la mejor solución o bien por imposición a nivel europeo han llevado a cabo una serie de medidas para intentar solucionar dicha situación de crisis. Las medidas adoptadas han afectado a ámbitos tan diversos como la educación, sanidad, dependencia, etc. y se han producido importantes reformas en materia fiscal y laboral entre otros, todo ello no ha hecho más que empeorar y empobrecer a la gran mayoría de la sociedad española. Centrándonos en el ámbito fiscal,...

10. Visualizing Public Opinion in Croatia Based on Available Social Network Content - Ševa, Jurica; Okreša Đurić, Bogdan; Schatten, Markus
In the last decade advances of computer technologies have lead towards a technological reality where the line between information consumers and information producers is blurred. This technological omnipresence allows for unprecedented data creation capabilities. Based on various data sources, it seems humans have fully embraced data-generating activities. One such activity is using online social network applications, like Facebook or Twitter in almost all aspects of their lives. One of the main features of online social network applications is perceived freedom of speech, individuality and privacy, even though every application has some special features. Therefore, content generated using these services presents...

11. The political economy of energy access: Survey evidence from India on state intervention and public opinion - Aklin, Michaël; Bayer, Patrick; Harish, S.P.; Urpelainen, Johannes
In India, where energy access is limited, how does the public react to the government's inability to provide citizens with basic energy services, such as electricity and clean cooking fuel? We answer this question using a survey conducted in two rural villages of Uttar Pradesh. First, we examine the association between a respondent's opinion on state intervention and policy failure. Specifically, we focus on whether people who believe in state intervention are likely to have lower levels of satisfaction with the government's energy access policies. Second, we examine the link between policy failure and the likelihood that people consider a...

12. Crowdsourced Rumour Identification During Emergencies - Mccreadie, Richard; Macdonald, Craig; Ounis, Iadh
When a significant event occurs, many social media users leverage platforms such as Twitter to track that event. Moreover, emergency response agencies are increasingly looking to social media as a source of real-time information about such events. However, false information and rumours are often spread during such events, which can influence public opinion and limit the usefulness of social media for emergency management. In this paper, we present an initial study into rumour identification during emergencies using crowdsourcing. In particular, through an analysis of three tweet datasets relating to emergency events from 2014, we propose a taxonomy of tweets relating...

13. El periodismo taurino en La Vanguardia y El Periódico de Catalunya. Estudio del tratamiento informativo de la temporada de toros en Barcelona durante los años del proceso de abolición (2004-2010)” - Castelló Ribera, José Ignacio; Universidad Abad Oliva
Esta tesis histórica y hemerográfica del periodismo taurino catalán aborda la polémica de los toros en Cataluña, analizando 342 informaciones publicadas en La Vanguardia y El Periódico de Catalunya desde que Barcelona se declaró ciudad antitaurina (2004) y el Parlament prohibió las corridas (2010). El objetivo es demostrar que el tratamiento informativo en esos siete años fue muy diferente a otras épocas. El autor señala en sus conclusiones que la opinión pública se alejó de la realidad taurina catalana por la escasa cobertura informativa de las corridas en Barcelona en una etapa de manifiesto acoso a la fiesta.Ficha técnica:Director: Leopoldo...

14. El proceso de medición de la realidad social: la investigación a través de encuestas - Francés García, Francisco José; Alaminos Chica, Antonio; Penalva Verdú, Clemente; Santacreu Fernández, Óscar
Manual de teoría y práctica de la encuesta de opinión pública.

15. Reactions in communist China; an analysis of letters to newspaper editors, - Wang, Charles Kilford Athen.; Human Resources Research Institute (U.S.)
"Series III, no.7, 1953, of 'Studies in Chinese Communism' produced under Contract no. AF 33(038)-25075 ... with Human Resources Research Institute, Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama."

16. The traditional and the non-traditional in the religious life of the Russian Federation - Kovalskaya, Kristina
This article discusses a new concept of ‘traditional religions’ and other notions related to ‘tradition.’ How is public opinion being shaped, and how is decision-making and state policy towards the Russian Orthodox Church and Islam being influenced by these concepts? Since 1991, religions (in particular, the Russian Orthodox Church and Islam) have enjoyed a revival; and the Russian administration, under Yeltsin and especially under Putin, has taken a number of steps to incorporate religious establishments into the political framework of the state. We will examine these changes through the example of laws on religious liberty, and by analysing public discourse....

17. Flamenco y radio en Sevilla: Fuentes y análisis historiográfico - Vergara Camacho, Ildefonso
El objeto principal de esta tesis es demostrar la relación del flamenco y la radio, un campo poco estudiado y propicio para la investigación. El arco cronológico comprende desde 1924 a 2010, periodo en el que ambos universos han tejido un espacio común, convirtiéndose en un medio para conocer y aprender el flamenco. Es el soporte de comunicación que mejor entronque consigue con esta expresión artística, dado que comparten el mismo ecosistema sonoro. Desde la perspectiva de la comunicación social, la radio flamenca aporta un nuevo modelo de comunicación, puesto que el flamenco rompe la proxémica del cuarto de los...

18. Are Stock Markets Driven More by Sentiments than Efficiency? - Miroslawa Lasek; Jan Lasek
In this paper, we investigate whether the sentiment contained in text of news items influences a company’s stock price. With the means of sentiment analysis, a quantitative approach for measuring sentiment in text, we derive scores for positive and negative sentiment contained in news. Next, we relate these quantities to stock market prices. By regression analysis we show that the sentiment contained in text of news items affects a company’s stock prices. This reveals that human sentiments influence capital markets and shows the potential of sentiment analysis as a quantitative approach to measure opinion with possible applications in e.g. public...

19. Los medios de comunicación durante la guerra civil de Costa de Marfil - Adhepeau, Julien Laurent Michel
The unknown and little influenced civil war in Ivory Coast has been a very interesting scenario to analyze the behavior of the media in times of crisis. The presence of a multitude of local and international media covering the war fostered a series of news as diverse and influenced by different political and ideological interests. That war revealed the involvement of the media in the construction of the local and international public opinion. Our research aims to analyze the behavior and speech of the press during the war referring to the concepts of information manipulation. How informative poisoning manifests and...

20. El club Bilderberg o la articulación del poder real en la sombra: notas para pensar las raíces de la infoxicación - Martín Jiménez, Cristina
The current media conglomerates in the hands of the economic, political and cultural, for it soon realized that they are excellent tools to manage public opinion and, therefore, the action or inaction individual and social. Currently, the lobby or group of elitist power unknown by most is the Bilderberg Club, where men and women come together most influential and powerful in the world. Why have joined since 1954 Bilderberg leading bankers, university presidents, prominent editors and journalists, sociologists, presidents and state officials, military, directors of international secret services, as well as European royalty and aristocracy? They are shareholders and owners of the mass...

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