Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 10.163

  1. Infâncias, adolescências e juventudes: direitos humanos, políticas públicas e movimentos sociais

    Ramidoff, Mário Luiz
    The text is intended to relate the parameters set by the Human Rights and objective criteria that limitand, atthesame time, serve for the evaluation of the democratic regime, this is, the submission of all the rules governing the exercise and, so to speak, determine respect for public liberties, here recognized specifically to children, adolescents and youth. Public liberties are taken as the set of unavailable interests of individual rights and the relevant fundamental guarantees childhood, adolescence and youth. The Doctrine of Integral Protection consolidated the measuresa imedat the promotion and defense of public liberties that are specifically intended for children,...

  2. Opinar de política en la prensa escrita española. Análisis del período Elecciones Generales en España, 2015

    Blasco Duatis, Marc; Fernández García, Nuria; Cunha, Isabel Ferin
    Introduction. This article is part of the results obtained by the author during his doctorate research entitled “Opinar de política, mediatizar democracias. El storytelling de la opinión política en los medios de comunicación españoles y los nuevos escenarios transmediáticos para la acción social”. Methodology. This research it‟s an original approach about the construction of public opinion by the leading newspapers in the Spanish General Elections of 2015 context and based on the quantitative analysis and methodologies of content analysis about the opinion articles. Results and conclusions. With this analysis it‟s possible to map the representation of the thought on politics expressed by the opinion makers. The...

  3. Movimento pela democracia: a luta política do PCdoB na imprensa alternativa durante o processo de redemocratização brasileira (1979)

    Macedo, Michelle Reis de
    From the second half of the 1970s, during the process of redemocratization in Brazil, the alternative press have been important to consolidate a public opinion against the military dictatorship and spread of a leftist culture, connected to democratic values. Created in 1975, the alternative newspaper called Movimento has attracted journalists that didn`t have spaces in major newspapers and activists from many political groups, especially those of the Communist Party of Brazil (PCdoB). After abandoning the strategy of armed combat, many of those, who have survived the repression, have felt the need to engage in the legal political combat for democratic freedoms and have adopted Movimento...

  4. La Batalla de Covadonga en México. Imaginarios en torno a la Reconquista (1889-1900)

    Gutiérrez Domínguez, María del Mar
    The Reconquista and the Batalla de Covadonga are analytical categories which occupy a central role in the Spanish national identity. Although its use is central in Spanish public opinion, and the great historical works that were published in this country during the nineteenth century, is not restricted to this geographical area. During the last decade of the nineteenth century, the 8th September -the Batalla de Covadonga 's anniversary, the event which led to the beginning of the Reconquista- , was widely celebrated by the Spanish community in Mexico city. The analysis of the press produced by this immigrant group shows...

  5. Political Trust, Corruption, and Ratings of the IMF and the World Bank

    Michael Breen; Robert Gillanders
    There are only a handful of studies that examine public support for the IMF and World Bank. Public opinion data on attitudes to the economy feature prominently in these studies. Utilizing data from the Afrobarometer survey, we find that evaluations of the economy, ideology, and a range of sociodemographic factors including age, gender, employment status, health, education, and living conditions are not significantly related to ratings of effectiveness. Rather, we find that political trust and corruption—two very important concepts in the wider literature on individual-level attitudes toward international relations and foreign policy issues—are strongly associated with ratings of effectiveness.

  6. The Dynamics of Diversion: The Domestic Implications of Presidential Use of Force

    Karl DeRouen; Jeffrey Peake
    Several studies report evidence of diversionary behavior by presidents, while others dispute findings that suggest domestic politics are part of the use of force decision calculus. We argue that previous studies of U.S. force short of war have failed to articulate what diversion actually means. We approach this important debate from a perspective that brings to bear presidential agenda-setting theory. Rather than treating the use of force solely as a dependent variable, we assess whether the use of force diverts attention by modeling the percent of the American public identifying the economy as the nation's most important problem. We also...

  7. Public Opinion and Foreign Aid: A Review Essay

    Helen V. Milner; Dustin Tingley

  8. The influence of environmental NGOs on project finance: a case study of activism, development and Australia’s Great Barrier Reef

    Evan Hamman
    Project financiers often influence not only the standards against which a project is managed, but also whether the project goes ahead at all. Non-government organizations (NGOs) are acutely aware of the leverage that project financiers possess. In today’s media-driven world, banks are especially sensitive to public opinion and bad press. Perception and reputation are important. In Australia, we have seen this play out with several of the world’s biggest financiers refusing to fund projects which might impact the Great Barrier Reef. In this paper, I explore some of those decisions and the influence of NGOs on the project finance industry....

  9. Predictors of the perceived risk of climate change and preferred resource levels for climate change management programs

    Jeryl L. Mumpower; Xinsheng Liu; Arnold Vedlitz
    In a 2013 US national public opinion survey, data were collected from 1321 adult respondents for five psychometric variables -- Dread, Scientists’ Level of Understanding, Public’s Level of Understanding, Number Affected, and Likelihood -- for six threats (sea-level rise, increased flooding, and four others) associated with climate change. Respondents also rated perceived risk and indicated the resource level that they believed should be invested in management programs for each threat. Responses did not vary significantly across the six threats, so they were combined. The survey collected standard demographic information, as well as measuring climate change knowledge and environmental values (New...

  10. Sentencing white-collar criminals: when is shaming viable?

    James Kostelnik
    When does shaming work as an alternative to incarceration and fines in sentencing white-collar criminals? In the light of recent economic downturn and highly publicised instances of white-collar crime, public opinion has demanded harsher sentences for white-collar criminals. In order to appease this demand, as well as consider the pressing problem of prison overpopulation, alternative sanctions, such as formal shaming, have been increasingly studied. Through examination of the costs and consequences of incarceration and shaming, this article will explain that since the costs of shaming sanctions are largely fixed, shaming sanctions are most viable when used in conjunction with alternative...

  11. National and international anti-corruption efforts: the case of Poland

    Kaja Gadowska
    This article's objective is to analyse the influence of international anti-corruption pressure on national measures aimed at combating corruption in Poland. First, the change in perception of corruption in Poland will be addressed, along with a short discussion on attempts to reduce its scope. Second, the anti-corruption measures of international organisations, such as the United Nations, the organisation for economic co-operation and development (OECD), the Council of Europe, Group of States against Corruption and the European Union, as well as international Conventions adopted and ratified by Poland will be examined. Third, the role of state and non-governmental institutions involved in...

  12. International Norm Diffusion and Organised Crime Policy: The Case of Greece

    Sappho Xenakis
    The premise of this paper is that a section of the Greek policy-making elite responsible for formulating policy against organised crime has taken advantage of an internationally-developed programme of action on this issue to strengthen perceptions of the Greek state's legitimacy amongst both domestic and foreign audiences. Although positive reaction to foreign pressure for policy change has tended to be made at the risk of losing further legitimacy in the eyes of domestic public opinion, in this case the issue of organised crime has presented an opportunity to the policy-making elite to develop policy that also aims to bolster the...

  13. The “China Threat”, National Missile Defense and American public opinion

    James Nathan; Charles Tien

  14. The causes of trust and distrust in the military

    Maja Garb; Marjan Malešič
    Trust in institutions is an important issue of political science and sociology. This article contributes to the discussion by exploring public trust in the military at the global, regional and national levels, and the causes of trust and distrust in the military. Analyses of public opinion data reveal that the military is a highly trusted social institution across the world. In Slovenia, the trust in the military is high as well; however, it is lower than international data would suggest, averaging at 50%. Against this background, the article focuses on the causes of trust. The original empirical survey was accomplished...

  15. The new agrarian double movement: hegemony and resistance in the GMO food economy

    Myles Carroll
    This paper draws on the work of Antonio Gramsci and Karl Polanyi in analyzing the consequences of legal regimes that regulate genetically modified foods. Against the tide of neoliberalism, a binding, precautionary agreement over trade in genetically modified organisms (GMOs) has emerged through the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. This Protocol exemplifies what Polanyi termed the ‘self-protection of society,’ the second phase of his double movement. The Protocol's final form was a product of European governments’ responses to public concerns over the potential environmental and health impacts of GMOs in an unregulated global economy. This ‘self-protective’ turn has been manifest at...

  16. Defacement of bank going concern public secrecy

    Jonathan Njoku
    This paper aims to deface bank going concern public secrecy. Emanating from the refusal of bank supervisory auditors to share knowledge about bank financial condition publicly and the dependence of bank statutory auditors on ineffective bank going concern opinion model, bank going concern public secrecy has hampered public appreciation of the true state of bank health. In an earlier paper, Njoku and Tinker (2011) used discriminant analysis to develop a surveillance model of going concern in banking as a means of reinforcing the audit risk model. A potency index constructed out of the modelled variables suggests going concern opinion usefulness...

  17. The flaws of securitisation

    Lior Jassur; Giampiero Favato; Carole Print
    The recent financial crisis highlights the problems that could arise when risk is mispriced and conflicts of interest are not managed properly. Regulators and public opinion blame modern capital markets for what happened, but there is actually nothing new or mysterious about this crisis. The problem lied in the packaging and transferring of risk through securitisation, where embedded conflicts of interest helped spread the mispricing of risk throughout the world. This paper describes key aspects of the securitisation process, provides real-world examples of typical transactions, highlights the main areas of conflicts of interest and outlines lessons for the future.

  18. REDEFINING SOCIAL DESIRABILITY: POLICIES FOR ALTERNATIVE FAMILIES IN EUROPE AND IN ROMANIA

    Georgeta GHEBREA
    The crisis in family policies of the welfare state is not only caused by economic and demographic factors but also because these policies have not been adjusted to the changing values and lifestyles of the population. The welfare state has as its main target group a stable, legally constituted nuclear family with a male breadwinner in the context of a heterosexual marriage. However, the welfare state is not yet prepared for alternative families, such as: dual-career families, multi-generational families, single-parent families, cohabitations, homosexual couples, blended families, trans-national families, etc. This paper draws on a research project rather than on completed...

  19. Panorama Social y Económico Suramericano 2016

    -; CEPAL
    Esta obra da continuidad al esfuerzo perdurable que cristalizó en los documentos publicados en 2009, 2011 y 2014 y cumple con el propósito de la Secretaría General de la UNASUR de brindar a las autoridades, los académicos, los estudiantes y la opinión pública en general una perspectiva global sobre temas centrales de la agenda de desarrollo de las naciones de América del Sur. A través de este documento, la Secretaría General espera asimismo impulsar un debate de alto nivel que permita a los países de la UNASUR continuar con el exitoso proceso de los últimos años en materia social, económica...

  20. Costs, benefits, and the malleability of public support for “Fracking”

    Christenson, Dino P.; Goldfarb, Jillian L.; Kriner, Douglas L.
    Public opinion plays an important role in shaping the policy debate over hydraulic fracturing at both the state and national level. However, most Americans report having little to no information about this controversial practice that has transformed the U.S. energy market. Employing an experiment embedded on a nationally representative survey, we examine how citizens respond to arguments concerning the costs and benefits of fracking, and incorporate them into their policy preferences. Arguments emphasizing the economic benefits of fracking bolster support for the technique; however, these gains are completely canceled if paired with a discussion of fracking's environmental costs. Additionally, we...

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