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Nomenclatura Unesco > (59) Ciencia Política > (5910) Opinión pública
(5910.01) Información (5910.02) Medios de comunicación de masas
(5910.03) Prensa (5910.04) Propaganda
(5910.99) Otras (especificar)

Categorías relacionadas:
(6114.15) Opinión pública

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 5.609

1. Ocherki Fran͡tsuzskoĭ obshchestvennosti / I͡U. Lavrinovich (Nadezhdin) - Lavrinovich, I͡U. N. (I͡Ulīan Naumovich), 1869-1922.
404 p. ;

2. Domestic violence in Brazil : social problems and legislative interventions - Sabadell, Ana Lucia; Dimoulis, Dimitri
Recent statistical data confirms that domestic violence is a structural problem of exceptional gravity. We analyze the frequent legislative changes in Brazil since 2000 as a result of social pressure for protection of abused women. Only the Law 11.340 of 2006 was well received by lawyers, judges and the public opinion. We present the innovations and peculiarities of this statute and the allegations on unconstitutionality. We discuss cases of judicial review of this law and reject the arguments of unconstitutionality. That notwithstanding, we argue that penalization decisions is the wrong way from a criminological point of view because they do not take into consideration the desires and...

3. Las encuestas electorales en la prensa escrita (2008-2011). Errores, sesgos y transparencia - Mateos Díaz, Araceli; Penadés, Alberto
Trust in surveys is reinforced by disclosure of their methods, which allows for scientific critique. This is the general understanding within the main polling councils and professional associations for survey research. This paper reviews the electoral surveys published in Spain in the printed press during the period 2008-20011 (the ninth legislature), and it evaluates their consistency as a group, their possible biases and their predictive ability. Next, the standards for transparency employed by pollsters in Spain are compared with those in countries where the industry of public opinion research is more mature. We conclude by recommending greater disclosure of research...

4. La opinión pública española en la transición del franquismo a la democracia - Hernández Sánchez, Alfredo

5. Broadcast news and abortion : the effects of conservative narratives on the reproductive health debate - Jenssen, Mark (Mark Peter)
How have changes in the elite discussion of reproductive health narratives affected the debate on abortion and influenced state legislation and popular opinion? Using analysis of broadcast transcripts from CNN and FOX News, I examine the arguments articulated by politicians, activists, and members of the media on issues concerning reproductive health. I argue that, beginning in 1996, conservatives used the venue provided by broadcast media to seize on changes to the political climate and frame debate to their advantage. Continually, conservatives forced liberals into reactionary positions through discussion of "partial-birth abortion," expansion of narratives, and-most recently-misinformation. By dictating the terms...

6. Ciberpolítica, redes sociales y nuevas movilizaciones en España: el impacto digital en los procesos de deliberación y participación ciudadana;Cyberpolitics, Social Networks and New Mobilizations in Spain: Digital Impact on the Processes of Deliberation and Citizen Participation - Resina de la Fuente, Jorge
Las Nuevas Tecnologías de la Información y de la Comunicación (NTIC) están provocando notorios cambios en la naturaleza de conceptos clásicos como opinión pública, esfera pública o democracia deliberativa. De tal forma que los medios de comunicación en línea se han convertido en un importante espacio de socialización ciudadana y han generado un nuevo estilo de politización de demandas, mediante la interconexión entre individuos y grupos que, a través de diversos foros, portales de información y blogs personales, deliberan y logran articular movilizaciones políticas, con un carácter cada vez más expresivo. Para el caso español, a pesar de no ser...

7. La innovación en las empresas de comunicación y relaciones públicas en la cultura 2.0 - Baraybar Fernández, A.
Tras la crisis de las empresas puntocom a finales del siglo pasado, hoy podemos hablar de una segunda etapa de internet: la Web 2.0. El presente trabajo es una reflexión sobre los cambios provocados en los últimos años que están transformando la sociedad y, en consecuencia, los procesos comunicativos entre las organizaciones y los individuos. El ciudadano ha encontrado en las nuevas tecnologías canales que le permiten una participación activa en la creación de la opinión pública, la tecnología interactiva hace posible, no ya una comunicación bidireccional, sino multidireccional, configurando redes sociales cada vez con más influencia que cuestionan jerarquías anteriores. Por tanto, se hace necesario un esfuerzo...

8. Los intereses moratorios en el proceso de ejecución hipotecaria - Fernández-Gallardo Fernández-Gallardo, Javier Ángel
La crisis económica ha hecho emerger en la opinión pública el problema que se plantea cuando, a raíz de la ejecución hipotecaria, tras la pérdida la vivienda, se continúa siendo deudor de la parte del préstamo no saldada con la realización de la hipoteca. Sin embargo la mayor parte de la deuda pendiente no corresponde al capital impagado sino a los intereses morato-rios y costas del proceso de ejecución hipotecaria. En este estudio anali-zamos cómo tal exceso del sistema actual puede ser mitigado mediante una adecuada interpretación de los preceptos que rigen aquel proceso, superan-do las estrechas visiones del principio...

9. Compañías militares privadas: el regreso de un viejo actor de las relaciones internacionales - Viscardi, Alberto Marcelo
A partir de los años 1990, e intensificándose después del 2001, la creciente presencia de las Compañías Militares Privadas en los escenarios conflictivos del mundo llama la atención de la opinión pública y genera un gran debate. En la Guerra del Golfo de 1991, la relación de miembros de las fuerzas armadas desplegados en el teatro de operaciones y contratistas civiles era de 36 a 1 y en las fases iniciales de la Invasión a Irak de 2003 la relación disminuyó a 10 a 1. Después de la toma de Bagdad y con la fase de reconstrucción del país ocupado,...

10. What Bloggers Talk About: Interconnection and Content Sharing in Weblogs - Meeyoung Cha; Juan Antonio; Navarro Pérez; Hamed Haddadi
Weblogs are a popular way to share personal journals, discuss matters of public opinion, pursue collaborative conversations, and aggregate content on similar topics. Blogs also disseminate new content and novel ideas to communities of interest. But how does content spread across these communities and what are they about? In this paper, we study the links embedded in blog posts to understand how they blogs are connected to each other and what kinds of content are share through such links. Our analysis, based on 8.7 million posts in 1.1 million different blogs across 15 major blog hosting sites, shows that the...

11. PUBLIC OPINION, PUNISHMENT AND CRIME Some notes on a survey approach - Roderic G. Broadhurst; Firsf Published In
This book is copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study, research, criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright Act, no part may be reproduced by any process without written permission. Inquiries should be made to the publisher. R.G. Broadhurst, © University Extension 1982

12. La opinión pública como insumo de la política exterior argentina hacia la Región del Cono Sur - Petronis, Virginia Marta Eleonora
El objetivo de este trabajo busca determinar en qué medida las percepciones que subyacen en la opinión pública argentina pueden incidir en la política externa hacia la región del Cono Sur. Por consiguiente y para alcanzar este objetivo, nos centramos en la opinión de la juventud. Dejamos para unas líneas más abajo una mención a la especial importancia que este sector social, con características específicas, posee para nuestras sociedades. A partir de aquí exponemos la idea directriz de nuestro trabajo que señala: que la percepción que la sociedad posea acerca de los vecinos regionales, constituye un factor mediante el cual...

13. Cuentos de guerra - Amézola, Gonzalo Álvaro de; Dicroce, Carlos Alberto; Garriga, Maria C
En 2007 se cumplen veinticinco años de la Guerra de las Malvinas, la única en la que la República Argentina intervino en el siglo XX y la única a lo largo de la historia en la que sus fuerzas fueron derrotadas por el enemigo. Estas dos particularidades no describen, sin embargo, el principal trauma que produjo el conflicto de 1982: decidida por la última dictadura militar, la guerra logró inmediatamente el apoyo de amplios sectores de la opinión pública, lo que se manifestó en concentraciones multitudinarias que celebraban la invasión del territorio irredento e, indirectamente, exaltaban al gobierno militar al...

14. 2004), “Man-of-Action Heroes: The Pursuit of Heroic Masculinity in Everyday Consumption - Douglas B. Holt; Craig J. Thompson
We develop a model describing how certain American men, those men who have been described as emasculated by recent socioeconomic changes, construct themselves as masculine through their everyday consumption. We find that American mass culture idealizes the man-of-action hero—an idealized model of manhood that resolves the inherent weaknesses in two other prominent models (the breadwinner and the rebel). The men we studied drew from this three-part discourse—what we call the ideology of heroic masculinity—to construct themselves in dramatic fashion as man-of-action heroes. In addition, we show that these men pursue heroic masculinity in very different ways, depending on their social...

15. SCIENCE WATCH Self-Reports How the Questions Shape the Answers - Norbert Schwarz
Self-reports of behaviors and attitudes are strongly influenced by features of the research instrument, including question wording, format, and context. Recent research has addressed the underlying cognitive and communicative processes, which are systematic and increasingly wellunderstood. I review what has been learned, focusing on issues of question comprehension, behavioral frequency reports, and the emergence of context effects in attitude measurement. The accumulating knowledge about the processes underlying self-reports promises to improve questionnaire design and data quality. Self-reports are a primary source of data in psychology and the social sciences. From laboratory experiments to public opinion surveys, researchers rely on the...

16. The Model and Analysis of Conformity in Opinion Formation - Zhang Li; Liu Yun
Abstract:- The formation of public opinion has been focused by many scholars recently; a lot of models have been proposed to verify the process of formation. Many models have noticed that individuals can exchange their opinions and many scholars make their own rule of how individuals change their opinions. After year 2000, some classic models and their variants output some useful result, but there is no paper talk about group size and its influence. This paper presents a model from the social psychology points of view. The model considers both parts (positive opinions and negative opinions) of some connected people....

17. Does the media matter? A field experiment measuring the effect of newspapers on voting behavior and political opinions - Alan Gerber; Dean Karlan; Daniel Bergan
There is substantial evidence that media sources have identifiable political slants, but there has been relatively little study until recently of the effects on political views and behaviors of media bias or access. This paper reports the results of a natural field experiment to measure the effect of exposure to newspapers on political behavior and opinion. The Washington DC area is served by two major newspapers, the Washington Times and the Washington Post. We randomly assigned individuals either to receive a free subscription to the Washington Post, to receive a free subscription to the Washington Times, or to a control...

18. SECURITY AND PRIVACY PERCEPTIONS OF E- ID: A GROUNDED RESEARCH - James Backhouse; Ruth Halperin
This paper reports on research in progress that explores the perceptions of security and privacy of UK citizens regarding electronic identity cards. In the wake of the UK National Identity Scheme proposals and with the introduction of electronic identity cards in the coming years, it is important to understand the perspectives of UK citizens. The Scheme sparked furious public debate, but as yet public opinion on the issues has not been researched systematically. Following grounded theory methods of open-coding content analysis, the findings present an empirically-grounded framework depicting the prevailing perceptions held by UK citizens. Four high-level constructs and a...

19. Self-guided guided and Party-guided guided Ideological Orientations - Universität Zürich; Hans Geser
ientations A comparative study of municipal politicians in Switzerland In a study comprising about 8000 members of Swiss municipal executive boards, it was analyzed to what degree self placements on the left right scale were based on self-guided self guided judgments (=opinions about specific issues) or on party-guided party impacts ( = ideological standing of respective parties). Using multivariate linear regressions, it was found both couplings were far more pronounced on the left side on the political spectrum than on the center and to the right. Party guidance correlates positively with community size with the size of the executive, the...

20. User Fees for Recreation Services on Public Lands: A National Assessment - M. Bowker; H. K. Cordell; Cassandra Y. Johnson
the Environment examined public opinion toward user fees as a means of funding recreation services on public lands, including campgrounds, boat ramps, trails, picnic areas, historic sites, restrooms, parking areas, special exhibits SC presentations, visitor centers, and other facilities. Respondents were offered five choices to fund these services including fees only, fees and taxes, taxes only, don’t provide the service, and don’t know. Sample frequencies indicated that over 95 percent of the respondents felt that fees or a combination of fees and taxes should be used to fund at least one of the services. Boat ramps, campgrounds, and special exhibits...

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