Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 8.066

  1. EU-Spotlight: Keep calm and carry on. What Europeans think about a possible Brexit.

    de Vries, Catherine; Hoffmann, Isabell
    From the Executive Summary. A majority of Europeans would like the UK to remain a member of the European Union (EU), but at the same time they do not think that a Brexit would be the end of Europe. Whereas age or gender do not have a pronounced effect on how one views these matter, one factor clearly does: the more people support their own country’s membership in the EU, the more they want the UK to remain a member as well. The opposite is not true, however. Eurosceptics are not rooting for the UK to leave. These public opinion trends are demonstrated by the Bertelsmann Stiftung’s...

  2. Presentación "Mercado, medio ambiente y opinión pública" (publicado en la revista Investigación & Marketing en junio de 1996)

    Ibáñez Ramírez, Juanjo

  3. On responsible research and innovation – an old concconcept clad in new clothes

    Zieliński Adam
    A fast evolution of science and technology often raises controversies. Numerous cases of research results which had been questioned or rejected by public opinion have clearly demonstrated that public concerns can be neither ignored nor reduced to the question of risk. Science no longer enjoys a special status and society is getting more and more concerned about the purposes and motivations of research, and demands to be included in the decision making process on research agenda. The article presents a concept of Responsible Research and Innovation – its roots and potential to address the problem of (a lack of) legitimacy...

  4. OIs, Pruebas internacionales, medios, redes y la educación en Argentina

    Caldo, Martín
    This work tries to reflect on international exams, especially the PISA test and the way it inserts itself into the big population groups due to the power that the mass media and the social networks have been gaining lately, allowing these latter to impose the topics for discussion. It is thought that these information transmission devices complement each other, installing powerful political ideas that strike on the public opinion . Because of this, it is very difficult to install public educational policies whose aims differ from those of the PISA exam. In this article, three approaches are introduced> First, a...

  5. Opinión pública hacia el castigo de los delicuentes: La importancia del delito cometido

    Aizpurúa Gonzalez, Eva; Fernández Molina, Esther

  6. The Balkans as European Otherness. On shaping Italian Public Opinion about the War in Croatia

    Ivana Škevin; Iva Grgić Maroević
    In Croatia, the political changes involving most of Eastern Europe in the late 1980s and early 1990s included a war fought between 1991 and 1995. This paper aims, by examining the press releases and newspaper articles published in the Italian daily La Stampa in 1995, to show how this influential newspaper worked on shaping Italian public opinion about the war in Croatia, and to examine the extent to which well-rooted stereotypes about the Balkans played a role in the process. The application of the methods of Critical Discourse Analysis on the material has confirmed the occurrence of stereotypes expressed through...

  7. Gender violence news in British and American press

    Bustinduy, Sara
    This study aims to prove which qualities, from the British and United States actual press, are more adequate for gender violence issues, comparing news on the same stories. It is evident the influence of mass media on public opinion and, therefore, the responsibility that written press has on gender violence messages, avoiding sensationalism. Psycholinguistic studies have established the relation language-thought, so language used in journalism is crucial.Following the belief that newspapers considered more liberal and independent will lead to a better treatment than traditional ones considered to be more reluctant to change, journals have been selected. Furthermore, different cultures can...

  8. Attitudes and beliefs of the general public towards a minimum price policy for alcohol in Western Australia: A qualitative study

    Keatley, David; Hardcastle, Sarah J.; Carragher, Natacha; Chikritzhs, Tanya; Daube, Mike; Hagger, Martin S.
    Introduction and Aims: Policies that raise the price of alcohol are important initiatives to reduce excessive alcohol consumption. While there is increasing evidence that introducing a minimum price policy for alcohol may be effective in reducing excessive alcohol consumption, public reaction is less clear. It is important to investigate people’s attitudes towards the policy to allay potential negative reactions were the policy introduced.Design and Methods: Twelve focus groups were conducted to investigate people’s attitudes towards a minimum price policy in Western Australia. Participants were also asked what measures could be introduced to make the policy more acceptable. Transcriptions of discussions...

  9. ROLE AND USE OF THE PHOTO-LEGEND IN RUSSIAN AND GERMAN MEDIA DISCOURSE

    Lenkova, T.A.
    The article is devoted to one of the most interesting themes of modern linguistics – media-linguistics. The author has researched the function and the role of the photo-legend. In the article we try to present the difference in the opinion of Russian and German scientists about how the journalists can use the photo-legend and how they can not do it. The Russian Journalists often use the photo archives offering to the absolutely different contexts one and the same illustration. This way to our mind the editors and the journalists of papers have to many possibilities for manipulation of the public...

  10. Opinion Tribunals and the Permanent People's Tribunal

    Luís Moita
    There is dialectic between public opinion and the enforcement of justice by the competent authorities. History contains numerous examples where international opinion movements demonstrate against judicial decisions, since, either by act or by omission, established jurisdictions sometimes pronounce questionable verdicts or leave unpunished crimes that were committed. These demonstrations take a variety of forms, ranging from the international commission of inquiry to the truth and reconciliation commissions. Among such exercises of citizenship from civil society, the so-called “opinion tribunals” stand out, whose first major initiative was due to Lord Bertrand Russell in the 1960s. Following this tradition, the Permanent Peoples’...

  11. Economy of distrust (the institute of trust and its role in the regional competitiveness)

    Nadezhda Yakovlevna Kalyuzhnova
    The study is dedicated to the role of social capital in ensuring the competitiveness of the social and economic systems. The indicator of interpersonal trust is used as the important indicator of social capital. Trust and distrust are considered in the article as separate categories, the distrust and its role in the economic component of life in the regions and countries are considered. The theoretical provisions revealing the mechanisms of distrust influence on the economy and the competitiveness of economies are given. The article statistically examines the link of indicators of trust and distrust on the level of countries and Russian regions and...

  12. An evaluation of monk parakeet damage to crops in the metropolitan area of Barcelona

    Senar, J. C.; Domènech, J.; Arroyo, L.; Torre, I.; Gordo, O.
    We evaluated damage to commercial crops caused by the monk parakeet, Myiopsitta monachus, in the Baix Llobregat agricultural area (1,024 ha) bordering the city of Barcelona, Spain. Average crop loss was 0.4% for tomatoes, 28% for corn, 9% for red plums, 36% for round plums, 37% for pears, 17% for persimmons, and 7% for quinces. Our data show that the potential damage to crops by monk parakeets in this invaded area is now a reality. As a wait–and–see approach is likely to be a more costly strategy in the long–term, policy makers should assess issues such as the extent of...

  13. Elemental images of Spain in 18th Century French culture: from material culture to public opinion

    Daniel-Henri PAGEAUX
    The aim of this article is to illustrate certain possibilities of adaptation of literary studies to the field of «material history» as defined in the work of Fernand Braudel («material civilization») and particularly Jean-Marie Pesez in the collective work coordinated by J. Le Goff, La nouvelle histoire (1998). It thus traces, with commentary, certain elemental images of Spain (plants, fruit, wool, horses, wine, not to mention the symbolic product, gold) that may have gone through a process of literaturization, but above all, of «socialization», in «literary» works and texts (ranging from the article in the Encyclopedie to the descriptive poetry...

  14. Estado de la credibilidad de medios en Ecuador

    Rodrigo M., Iván F.
    This article gathers data from the annual survey –up to 2014– carried out in Ecuador regarding the credibility of mass media and journalists. Credibility is a current issue in Ecuador because of the law and the critics to the government. The data show variability regarding political circumstances; for this reason, it is possible to say that television generates credibility, but the press has been forced to change its strategies by optimizing its indexes. Newscasters are better positioned than other journalists, who have low indexes. There are issues regarding independence, impartiality, and transparency, among others. All this affects the perception of...

  15. Una lectura empírica del principio de subsidiariedad en la propuesta de constitución cosmopolita de j. Habermas

    Arteta Arilla, Mikel
    In the first part of this paper we argue that habermasian cosmopolitanism separates democracy and the rule of law. This way, Habermas uses again the knife he used in Discourse ethics to categorically separate ethics of morality. Human rights (morality) are in the top of cosmopolitan constitution, even at the expense of avoiding critical review and legitimacy (ethical-political) that could offer democratic public opinion. Therefore in the second part we have seen, under the principle of subsidiarity, the hermeneutics role that could have a global parliament: this one will systematize and interpret international law, and will homogenize and avoid most...

  16. Análisis de procesos sociales. La formación de la conciencia solidaria con los inmigrantes en España

    Uña Juárez, Francisco Octavio; Gomariz Acuña, Tomás Pedro
    Este articulo es una síntesis de las líneas de investigación desarrolladas por estos autores sobre la dinámica de configuración del debate público de la extranjería. Su principal centro de atención es el conocimiento de los procesos de conversión de los problemas de la integración social de los inmigrantes en objeto del diálogo social y en centro de atención de la opinión pública. El precepto de partida de esta labor ha sido la constatación del carácter dinámico y seriado de la realidad social. Circunstancia que, por otra parte, ha desvelado la necesidad de evidenciar ante la comunidad investigadora la trascendencia del...

  17. Las distintas caras de Eva (Cronicón de Unamuno sobre la opinión pública)

    Herrero Castro, Santos

  18. Opinión pública y conflictos armados: claves para el análisis

    Michavila Núñez, Narciso

  19. Los medios de comunicación y la formación de la opinión pública ante la inmigración y el racismo

    Cea D'Ancona, María Angeles; Valles Martínez, Miguel S.
    En este artículo los autores llaman la atención sobre la necesidad de conocer cuál es el papel de los medios en la formación de la opinión pública para, así, interpretar mejor los datos de encuesta. En la primera parte se presenta una selección de estudios y marcos teóricos donde se aborda la relación entre inmigración y opinión pública. En la segunda parte se exponen algunos resultados de una investigación reciente, en la que se demuestran los tópicos que la población española tiene acerca de los inmigrantes

  20. From Organization to Coordination, the Change in the Public Spaces of Communication in the Arab World and its Connection to the Social Networks in the 2011 Movements

    Perceval, José María; Simelio Solà, Núria; Tejedor Calvo, Santiago
    In this article we shall analyse the change in the public spaces of communication in the Arab world and its connection with the social networks during the recent revolutionary events in Tunisia and Egypt. The prestige of power linked to the discrediting of traditional mass media, following the usual mechanisms of disinformation and discredit. In contrast, participants in the riots responded with innovative and modern narrative strategies to counter disinformation and explanation of events.The satellite channels and Internet blogs prepared by public opinion have been joined by the social networks, which have organised specific actions, aided by Twitter and the...

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