La muerte de Osama Bin Laden en las portadas de la prensa española: análisis de la cobertura en primera de ABC, El Mundo, El País y Público
- Díaz Cerveró, Elba
Only a few months before the tenth anniversary of 11-s, the American army finishes with the life of Osama Bin Laden, brain of the terrorist attacks and, therefore, number one public enemy of the most powerful country in the world. The study of the journalistic coverage of the fact, which a priori should not be exempt from polemic for the modus operandi of The United States, turns out to be interesting to see how the Spanish press has transmitted the message of the death to the public opinion of his country, the same one that also has suffered the scourge...
Opinión pública y comunicación: el doble flujo de la comunicación política
- Beaudoux Orlando, Garcia; Adamo Flavia, Freidenberg
El proceso dinámico del proceso de formación de opinión pública puede ser descrito como una serie de momentos interdependientes, de flujo y reflujo complementarios entre sí
Diário da Tarde e Cruzeiro: querelas entre anticlericais e católicos no Paraná (1931-1932)
- Campos, Névio de
This article discusses the confrontation between Catholics and anti-clericals in the state of Paraná during the 1930s. It bases itself on Intellectual History especially with the meaning that the intellectuals’ actions was characterized by taking part in public life, establishing schools, cultural centers, universities, newspapers. The groups analyzed in this text exercised their intellectual functions when they founded the evening anti-clerical newspaper (Diário da Tarde) and the morning Catholic one (Cruzeiro). In light of the editorials and notes of the above mentioned newspapers it is possible to state that what the newspapers aimed at was to catholicize or secularize the...
La avenida del Oeste de Valencia.: Historia de un proyecto inacabado.
- Sánchez Muñoz, David
This paper focuses on the building process of the �Avenida del Oeste� (West Avenue) in Valencia,
including the first projects dating back to the beginning of 20th Century and the definitive architectural
works, ca. 1950. The �Avenida del Oeste� (nowadays named �Avenida Barón de Carcer�) became a modern
reference of the cosmopolitan city, taking into account the examples of European cities as Paris, London, Vienna
or even Madrid. The building of great avenues that sectioned the historical city center was an example
of transgressive urban planning. It was also perceived as a clear solution to social and hygienic problems, matters
that deeply concerned the public opinion...
The Balance Between Preventing Fraud and Ensuring Participation: Attitudes Towards Voter Identification in New Mexico
- Alvarez, R. Michael; Atkeson, Lonna Rae; Hall, Thad E.; Sinclair, J. Andrew
This paper examines public opinion on the effectiveness and consequences of voter identification laws in New Mexico. In particular, it focuses on the attitudes central to the court reasoning in the 2008 Supreme Court case which upheld an Indiana photo-ID law, Crawford v. Marion County Election Board. Questions include whether or not voters think the ID laws protect against fraud and prevent legitimate participation, as well as which point of view voters find more compelling and whether or not attitudes towards voter identification are related to voter confidence. While most voters think that voter ID laws prevent fraud, many voters...
Comunicación Política y Desequilibrio
- Donaire, Guido
Parece evidente que la política en estos días se ha vuelto altamente dependiente de conceptos que hace unas décadas no eran fundamentales. Hoy los diarios, analistas y políticos vuelven una y otra vez sobre los conceptos de encuestas, opinión pública, imagen positiva, agenda y demás nociones derivadas del Marketing Político y la Comunicación Política. Es que este inicio del siglo XXI ha encontrado a la competencia política profundamente hermanada con la video-política, la publicidad y la predominancia de la imagen del candidato por sobre su plataforma o ideas políticas.El presente trabajo tiene por objeto repensar estas nociones dentro del juego...
Política de información y contrainformación en el franquismo (1951-1973): «El Ministerio de Información es tan importante como el de la Guerra»
- Muñoz Soro, Javier
During the years of the Franco dictatorship, information policy was one of the areas most sensitive to changing international circumstances, to conflicts within the regime and its eventual delegitimization by increasingly broad sectors of Spanish society and world public opinion. This provides an advantageous viewpoint from which to study the Franco regime from a constructivist perspective. The article draws on new documentation to discuss the tensions that arose with the regime�s efforts to modernize, aimed as it was at modelling public opinion within the system and using counter-information strategies as a means to fight against the opposition.
Who Should Run Our Elections? Public Opinion About Election Governance in the United States
- Alvarez, R. Michael; Hall, Thad E.; Llewellyn, Morgan
Much has been said since the 2000 presidential election regarding the administration of elections in the United States, particularly in regards to how election administrators are selected and to whom they are responsive. Unfortunately, there has been little research on the different administrative structures that are possible and the preferences of Americans regarding these different administrative options. In this paper we present the results from a national survey of Americans, in which we asked them their preference for whether elections should be run by partisan or nonpartisan officials, whether the officials should be elected or appointed, and whether the administration...
Vivir tras el golpe. Trayectorias sociales de personas que sobreviven a in traumatismo craneoencefálico
- Sanz Victoria, Silvia
Los protagonistas de esta tesis doctoral son personas cuya existencia ha estado marcada por un golpe en la cabeza; un fuerte impacto en el cráneo consecuencia de un accidente de coche, un accidente de moto, de un atropello, de una caída en el trabajo… Un traumatismo craneoencefálico grave que hace cambiar la vida no sólo de la persona que lo sufre sino también de todo su entorno más cercano, especialmente, aquellos familiares que se convierten en sus cuidadores principales. Esta situación podría describirse como una consecuencia perversa del desarrollo tecnológico de nuestra sociedad. Por un lado, porque una de las...
El manejo de la prensa por el Pentágono: análisis de los recursos empleados para modular la narración de los periodistas empotrados con las tropas estadounidenses en las guerras de Irak y Afganistán
- Bauluz de la Iglesia, Alfonso
La investigación analiza “El Manejo de la prensa por el Pentágono” en las dos primeras guerras del siglo XXI a partir de un estudio histórico de las relaciones de los militares estadounidenses con los periodistas en los principales conflictos bélicos donde han sido desplegadas tropas norteamericanas, con especial énfasis en la magnificada cobertura de la guerra de Vietnam y desde una aproximación española, tanto de la perspectiva histórica como de la muestra de profesionales seleccionada para completar un doble trabajo de campo cuantitativo y cualitativo. El principal motivo es tratar de dilucidar si los militares son capaces de manipular a...
Measuring Political Preferences of the U.S. Voting Population
- Nahm, Alison
Political polarization is a common topic in the news and media, but not much has been done to understand the distribution of the preferences of the U.S. voting population. Political scientists have drawn different conclusions on the current state of political polarization within the U.S. voting population based on survey data and basic spatial voting models. In this work, I present a spatial voting model that analyzes voting data at a more fine-grained level in order to use Bayesian techniques to infer the underlying distribution of political preferences of the population. Further, I verify these results by comparing it to...
Noticias en otras palabras
- Díaz Susa, Dora Isabel
Contenido: Observatorio Mujeres y Participación Política / por Dora Isabel Díaz; Conservatismo compasivo en acclón; Premio Gabriela Mistral 2001 - VI entrega: Ganadoras: Guiomar Cuesta, Rosario Aguilar; Primer Foro Social Mundial; ¿Qué representa un evento como éste, en pleno cambio del milenio? Según Noam Chomsky; Carta abierta a la opinión publica; Amigas editoras de En Otras Palabras.,.
PUBLIC OPINION Fire in the Forest: Public Perceptions of Ecological Restoration in North-central Arizona
- David M. Ostergren; Jesse B. Abrams; Kimberly A. Lowe; Chediski Burn In Arizona
In recent years residents of the intermontane West have experienced a series of expensive and high-profile fire seasons. One result is that the concept of ecological restoration has moved squarely into public view. As scientists and practitioners continue to refine the definition of ecological restoration as a practical matter, citizens are forming their own perceptions of how restoration should be applied to local forests. We used a recent public opinion survey in north-central Arizona to assess public views of restoration. Our findings indicate broad support for restoration although portions of the population, particularly those in rural areas, see restoration primarily...
Faces of internationalism : public opinion and American foreign policy /
- Wittkopf, Eugene R.,
Includes bibliographical references.
- For Assessing “public Opinion; Bernard Guerin; Bernard Guerin
In working with the topics of racial discrimination and household energy reductions it is clear that just measuring attitudes is no longer sufficient. We need a fuller social context to understand what is said about these topics, as the same words can be used for many reasons. I am working with four new methods for “sampling community discourses ” on topics such as racial prejudice, to replace or supplement the measurement of attitudes. The initial analysis is whether the talk functions to get someone to do something directly, to get someone to believe the ‘facts’, or whether the talk functions...
PRESS COVERAGE AND PUBLIC OPINION ON EUROPEAN UNION’S EASTERN
What is the relationship between media coverage and public opinion on policy issues? This question has been investigated extensively in the U.S. context, yet still remains an overlooked one in the European context. This paper fills in this deficiency in the political communication literature through an examination of the agenda-setting functions of the print media in Britain and France on the latest round of EU enlargement. Regarding the first-level agenda-setting effects, this analysis asks to what extent the frequency of the coverage of enlargement influences the amount of significance assigned to this issue by people. Regarding the second-level agenda-setting effects,...
European business is internationalising its supplychain and European manufacturing employmentis falling. The correlation of these two trends-combined with a fistful of anecdotes of jobs being transferred to low wage Central European nations- has given rise to a growing choir of anxious voices. Public opinion and politicians both worried that globalisation would ship jobs overseas, hurting domestic workers. The leading Germany weekly, Der Spiegel, ran a story entitled 'Deutschland: Export Weltmeister (von Arbeitsplätzen) ' and similar concerns arise in the US;
Social Movements and Policy Change: Direct, Mediated, or Joint Effect?
- Marco Giugni; Florence Passy
In this paper, we discuss the relation between social movements, public opinion, and political alliances with respect to the impact of movements on public policy. We first discuss the existing literature and sketch three broad models of the role of public opinion and political alliances (or the absence of such role) in facilitating the task of social movements in producing policy change: the direct-effect model, the mediated-effect model, and the joint-effect model. We test empirically each of this three explanations by means of time-series analyses of the mobilization of ecology, antinuclear, and peace movements in the United States between 1975...
PUBLIC PREFERENCES AND POLICY IN COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE
- Stuart N. Soroka; Christopher Wlezien
A large and growing body of research demonstrates a correspondence between public opinion and policy behavior. Almost all of this research has focused on the US, however. Do similar patterns obtain in other countries? Or is the US unique? This paper represents one step towards answering these questions. We extend previous research on the dynamics of spending preferences and budgetary policy in the US, using comparable longitudinal measures of public preferences and government spending in the US, UK, and Canada. The nature and magnitude of opinion-policy connections vary across both policy functions and countries. We explore this variation in public...
Telephone Versus Faceto-Face Interviewing of National Probability Samples with Long Questionnaires: Comparisons of Respondent Satisficing and Social Desirability Response Bias.” Public Opinion Quarterly 67:79–125
- Allyson L. Holbrook; Melanie C. Green; Jon A. Krosnick
Abstract The last 50 years have seen a gradual replacement of face-to-face interviewing with telephone interviewing as the dominant mode of survey data collection in the United States. But some of the most expensive and large-scale nationally funded, long-term survey re-search projects involving national area-probability samples and long questionnaires retain face-to-face interviewing as their mode. In this article, we propose two ways in which shifting such surveys to random digit dialing (RDD) telephone interviewing might affect the quality of data acquired, and we test these hypotheses using data from three na-tional mode experiments. Random digit dialing telephone respondents were more...