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Nomenclatura Unesco > (61) Psicología

Mostrando recursos 41 - 60 de 42,308

41. Reflexiones en torno al método científico en Psicología - Barriga Jiménez, Silverio

42. La rigurosidad metodológica y la precariedad teórica en Psicología Social - Elejabarrieta, Francisco
The epistemological basis of social psychological knowledge is analysed through the study of the role given to methodology by social psychologists. A central question is whether epistemological basis would be better based on a concern for methodological sophistication -be it in search of technical rigour in information seeking, or be it in the increasing complexity of data analysis- or on a concern for the theoretical advance and integration of the discipline. The consequences of this phenomenon are discussed in the light of the alternative procedures in social psychology and in the light of the historical development of the debate over...

43. Género, nuevos retos teórico-metodológicos - Selva Olid, Clara; Vitores González, Anna
The special issue of Quaderns de Psicologia is devoted to visualize some of the theoretical, conceptual and methodological tools used in research on gender, gender relations and sexual differences: "Gender, new theoretical-methodological challenges".

44. La historia de la psicología en clave crítica. Juicios y prejuicios en el análisis de la psicología de la “mujer universitaria” en Argentina a comienzos del siglo XX - Ostrovsky, Ana Elisa
The historiography of psychology has incorporated at international levels, during the past decades, several critical perspectives that have questioned the use of the category “woman” as an universal, essencialist and non-historical fact. Simultaneously, the role of the discipline in the historical shaping of gender has been detected, and the normative and normalizing nature of it has served historically as the bearer of a speech of differences that has been scientifically legitimated. The present paper will offer an overview of these contributions and will exemplify such critical perspective in a given case. Specifically, it will show the connection between different lineage...

45. Liderazgo y género: Análisis de las divergencias conceptuales y sus efectos en la teoría y práctica feminista - Berbel Sánchez, Sara
Since women have been incorporating to decision-making positions, there has been an increasing interest in their behavior at organizational and group level, as well as the efficiency in their function development and, above all, its possible differences with predominant male roles. My goal in this article is to show some of the concepts derived from these researches and focus on the mutual and constant influence between feminism and academicism (especially in relation to leadership, women empowerment, glass ceiling and leaking pipe), the divergences emerged between psychological and feminist studies and, finally, its final incidence in current feminist practices.

46. La psicología del trabajo: entre la salud de las organizaciones y la de los trabajadores. Una aproximación a la formación y prácticas del psicólogo del trabajo - Ferrari, Liliana Edith; Cebey, María Carolina
On one hand, we present the theoretical, methodological and ethical foundations that give rise to new positions of action for the labor psychologist in the health area. We analyze the formation process, within the scope of professional practices, oriented to the diagnosis and intervention in the field of sufferings of relational nature and individual and collective effects. We extract some of the denominated ‘obstacles’ that emerge from the teaching and investigating experience, and that can be recognized as a tool-oriented vision and an individualizing perspective of the interpretation, among others. Finally, we highlight eleven characteristics of this orientation to intervention,...

47. La investigación en psicología: ¿Por qué la metodología cualitativa? - Sánchez, Euclides
The article builds up on arguments which favor the use of qualitative research in psychology, for this purpose limitations of quantitative research, as the predominant methodological perspective in psychology are presented. The quantitative dominance has prevented psychology from addressing sensitive topics, as these do not comply with research criteria established by this approach, thus limiting the thematic diversity which should characterize a social science, such as psychology. The arguments presented may be understood as ontological, that is traditional themes to the discipline or opening towards other objects awaiting answers from psychology; epistemological, as relationship with arts and methodological, continuing with...

48. Reseña de Ovejero y Ramos (2011) Psicología social crítica - Vaccari, Pamela; Astete, Marco

49. Reseña de Esteban (2010) Geografías del desarrollo humano. Una aproximación a la psicología cultural - Padrós, Marta

50. Review of Parker (2010) La psicología como ideología: contra la disciplina - Ovejero Bernal, Anastasio

51. Temas de Psicología Ambiental en Latinoamérica. Presentación - Urzúa Bastida, Veroníca; Peñaranda Cólera, María Carmen
Presentation of "Quaderns de Psicologia" special issue dedicated to "Topics in Environmental Psychology in Latin America".

52. Errores de Razonamiento fundamentales en la psicología de la impersonalidad - Lamiell, James L.; Lee, Naomi
In this article we raise the issue of whether research on individual differences contributes to personality theory. Conventional wisdom has long held that it does. In this article we defend the opposing view. We demonstrate that the fundamental and irreparable problem is that statistical knowledge produced through studies of individual differences variables produces knowledge about groups of organisms, not individual organisms. Our epistemological analysis has implications for three historically basic themes in classical nomotheticism: (a) the search for basic human tendencies, (b) the debate concerning the (in)consistency of personality, and (c) behavioral predication and the establishment of nomothetic ‘laws’  of...

53. Psicología social y salud: asumir la complejidad - Spink, Mary Jane
Este artículo es una declaración de posición basada en una larga trayectoria de investigación e intervención en el contexto brasileño. El argumento que se presenta es que las experiencias sanitarias son complejas y que la práctica profesional debe basarse tanto en la experiencia técnica como en la erudición. La complejidad no tiene que ver con los distintos puntos de vista: el de la gente saludable, los pacientes, los doctores, los profesionales sanitarios, los administradores y la ciencia, claro está. Tiene que ver con la concomitancia de varias versiones, de las realidades fractales que representan de distintas maneras los muchos actantes...

54. La Psicología en la Universidad Autonoma de Barcelona a través de "Cuadernos/Quaderns de Psicologia" - Sáiz, Dolors; Sáiz, Milagros
This article analyses the journal “Cuadernos de Psicología (Psychology Notebooks)” that appeared in 1975. It is the second specialized psychology publication linked to a Spanish university along with “Análisis y Modificación de la Conducta (Behaviour Analysis and Modification)” that appeared in the same year, following the 1969 publication of “Anuario de Psicología (Psychology Annual)”. “Cuadernos de Psicología (Psychology Notebooks)” can be considered the organ of the Department / Section of Psychology at the Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona (UAB) that should be divided into two stages: a) from 1975 to 1977 and b) 1979 to 1985. Seven numbers that correspond to...

55. Sobre la felicidad y el sufrimiento - Bayés, Ramon
Discurso de Investidura como Doctor Honoris Causa en Psicología por la Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), dictado en Madrid, el 22 de Enero de 2009.

56. Psicologia Jurídica: reflexões críticas sobre demandas emergentes e exigências profissionais - Brito, Leila Maria Torraca de; Beiras, Adriano; Dominoni Gomes de Oliveira, Juliane
The demand for psychologists in the Brazilian courts have caused the search for specific training, leading to discussions about ethical limits and their responsibilities in this type of their professional work. In this article we aim to point, from brief theory points to critical discussion on procedures involving the role of psychologists in cases of domestic violence against women and sexual illegal behavior against children, if these contents are required in working abilities for psychologists, in different courts of justice in Brazil. To this purpose, we evaluated its requirements that occurred in several states from 2006 to 2010. Comparison of the data collected leads to a mismatch between the theoretical knowledge required in selection processes and the discussions about the...

57. Atividades laborais em plataformas marítimas no Brasil: A Gestão do Conhecimento na perspectiva da Psicologia do Trabalho - Castro, Alexandre de Carvalho
This study seeks to understand the relationship between human factors, technology and society, and presents an evaluation of knowledge management in the offshore working environment. It is focused on Petrobras, a brazilian offshore oil industry, and discusses the ways that company develops stress management program, from a qualitative methodology. Based on the thought of Habermas, the results suggest the need to present critical perspectives on working conditions and their relationships with mental health of offshore workers in Brazil.

58. Trazos de una posibilidad: reflexiones para una Psicología Débil - Janacua Benites, Jesús; Torres Melgoza, Juan
In general, we can classify the psychological practice in two main blocks. On the one hand, Psychology as its representation in society, like a scientific activity of applicable, useful and profitable knowledge. On the other hand, as a critic and auto-critic perspective, a way of thinking the Psychology that contrast with the first classification, in which actions do not emphasized in capitalize results. The purpose of this reflection is to trace general lines about this Psychology, that we call “weak”, a possibility in the middle of a predominant and prevailing “psychological complex”, where several practice are legitimize in a mercantilist,...

59. Corpo e gestalt: Vida em movimento - Almeida Magalhães, Maristela Rocha
O estudo do comportamento cerebral durante o processo de percepção possibilitou a elaboração de leis específicas que regem a Gestalt, teoria da psicologia desenvolvida no final do século XIX na Áustria e Alemanha. Essas leis básicas da Gestalt são usadas em várias áreas na atualidade: no design, cinema, na publicidade e propaganda, na moda e não poderia ficar de fora do estudo da prática interpretativa, da performance corporal e artística. Ganhou ênfase na pedagogia, filosofia, nas artes, e muito deverá ser investigado e revelado ainda sobre o assunto.  A linguagem corporal é, muitas vezes, mais adequada do que a linguagem...

60. Tradução e adaptação da escala bis/bas para aplicação em adultos brasileiros - Portilho-Souza, Ellen; Nina Silva, Claudio Herbert
O temperamento pode ser compreendido como um padrão de comportamento que diferencia as pessoas entre si e as habilita a enfrentar as situações do cotidiano de forma característica e própria. Em algumas teorias o temperamento tem sido caracterizado como fundamento biológico no qual a personalidade se estrutura. No que se refere à avaliação do temperamento, pode-se afirmar que existem poucos instrumentos traduzidos e validados no Brasil. Os instrumentos disponíveis, em sua maioria, são somente traduzidos, mas não adaptados à cultura brasileira, como é o caso da Pavlovian Temperament Survey. O presente trabalho objetivou realizar a tradução e adaptação transcultural da...

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