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Nomenclatura Unesco > (61) Psicología

Mostrando recursos 41 - 60 de 43,377

41. Demandas de psicologia escolar para uma clínica-escola - Sassi, Renata; Maggi, Alice
O estudo objetiva caracterizar e compreender as demandas das instituições escolares ao Serviço de Psicologia Aplicada, incluindo a análise de ações já realizadas e seus respectivos efeitos. Os referenciais teóricos foram da Psicologia Escolar e da Psicanálise. Utilizado o método qualitativo, baseado na análise de conteúdo das 22 entrevistas semidirigidas realizadas com diretores, professores e estagiárias supervisionadas do Curso de Psicologia na Área Escolar. As categorias descritas apontaram para semelhanças e diferenças tanto entre os depoimentos como em direção às possibilidades de trabalho na área. Foram constatadas distorções entre o que a escola entende como função do Psicólogo Escolar e...

42. Documentos de domínio público como produtos e autores sociais - Bernardes, Jefferson de Souza; Menegon, Vera Sonia Mincoff
Considerando os documentos de domínio público como práticas discursivas, este artigo discute a importância que esses documentos têm na formatação de estratégias de governamentalidade. Essa argumentação é fundamentada por duas pesquisas realizadas pelos autores. A primeira discute linguagem na perspectiva pragmática de Levinson, articulando o conceito de interanimação dialógica de Bakhtin. Como exemplo utiliza-se a análise de documentos que expõem o debate da formação em Psicologia no Brasil, discutindo-se permanências, rupturas e cooptações das políticas públicas educacionais. A análise da segunda pesquisa foca as linguagens sociais, na perspectiva de Bakhtin, articulando a noção de governamentalidade de Foucault e o argumento...

43. A espera: projeto e ação de acolhimento a partir da escuta da população - Medeiros, Roberto Henrique Amorim de; Iung, Andréia Maria Borges; Comunello, Luciele Nardi
Este relato procura lançar questões importantes acerca das políticas públicas na área da saúde as quais dizem respeito às iniciativas de humanização e à melhoria das condições de atendimento à população usuária do SUS. Traz a descrição de uma proposta de ação junto à comunidade da Vila Jardim, realizada pela equipe da Unidade de Saúde Divina Providência, do Serviço de Saúde Comunitária do Grupo Hospitalar Conceição, e integrada à rede de saúde do município de Porto Alegre-RS, Brasil. A referida ação consistiu de uma escuta à população sobre o ato de esperar pelo atendimento. Os dados levantados pela atividade trouxeram...

44. Cuidado ambiental: ponte entre psicologia e educação ambiental? - Pinheiro, José Q.; Pinheiro, Thiago F.
Cuidado ambiental é termo comum no cotidiano e em atividades como educação ambiental, embora pesquisas psicológicas façam pouco uso do conceito, o que justificou investigar a compreensão popular do termo e analisar suas possíveis relações com indicadores científicos de predisposição pró-ambiental. O questionário aplicado a 355 estudantes universitários da cidade de Natal, RN, de ambos os sexos, continha questões abertas sobre prática pelo respondente de cuidado ambiental e sobre sua disposição pessoal para participar de eventuais campanhas ecológicas futuras, e incluía ainda: Escala de Ecocentrismo e Antropocentrismo, Questionário de Individualismo-Coletivismo, e Inventário Zimbardo de Perspectiva Temporal. As duas formas utilizadas...

45. Políticas públicas entre o sujeito de direitos e o homo oeconomicus - Guareschi, Neuza M.F.; de Lara, Lutiane; Adegas, Marcos Azambuja
This article discusses the effects of public policies on the constitution of the subject, from problematizations in the field of Social Psychology based on philosophy of Michel Foucault. We consider public policies as an action of the State intended for investment in population life. This investment, from the 1988 Federal Constitution, would be the ideal to guarantee citizens’ civil, political, social, economic, and cultural rights. Grounded on the discussion by Michel Foucault about the construction of the Modern State, which has been guided by the notion of bio-politics, we show that the figure of the homo oeconomicus has emerged from...

46. A constituição de uma cooperativa e o processo identitário - Calil, Simone Dalla Barba Walckoff; Szymanski, Heloísa
El problema, objeto de esta investigación en intervención en Psicología de la Educación, se refiere a la experiencia de las mujeres de una comunidad de bajos ingresos en la ciudad de São Paulo en una cooperativa de costura y, el impacto de dicha experiencia en sus procesos identitarios. Durante un año fueron realizados encuentros semanales con las mujeres asociadas a la cooperativa en los cuales se discutieron temas (por ellas seleccionados) sobre sus experiencias en la cooperativa. Este estudio fenomenológico mostró que, además de problemas de mercado, falta de capacitación y, falta de recursos, todos ellos propios de la cooperativa,...

47. Psicologia Social ou Psicologia das Associações? A perspectiva latouriana de sociedade - Cordeiro, Mariana Prioli
No presente artigo, buscamos discutir como a noção de social é concebida pela Teoria Ator-Rede (TAR), bem como as possíveis contribuições desta concepção para a psicologia social. Para a TAR, ao invés de tomarmos o social como um domínio ou como o tipo de material que compõe determinados fenômenos, devemos questionar o projeto de dar uma “explicação social” a algum estado de coisas e resgatar o significado original do termo – que, timologicamente, está mais próximo de associações do que de vínculos sociais. Pensar uma psicologia social que parta dessa perspectiva implica pensar em uma psicologia que considera que os...

48. Psicologia e história: acerca da construção de árvores genealógicas ou como retomar lembranças de família em sociedades de rede - Roso, Adriane
In this text, some theoretical thoughts are developed regarding to the making of genealogy trees, aiming to understand the importance of this representational object. It is assumed that the making of family trees can be a mode of narrative that carries out social representations. Through them people re-elaborate themselves as symbolic subjects and they can reinvent the sense of living in community/ies. The discussion is based on the Theory of Social Representation of Serge Moscovici and on the concept of Network Society of Manuel Castells. It was observed the knowledge of common sense may be expanded into psychology in a...

49. Democracia e Psicologia Social crítica - Goulart, Maria Stella Brandão
This article is about interdisciplinary in Social Psychology. It works on the controversy and some points of convergence between two of the principal currents of the political contemporary science that focus the deliberative democracy: the communicative perspective of the philosopher Jürgen Habermas and the theory of the rational choice through the optics of the political scientist Jon Elster. It’s a study, supported by bibliographical revision, that tries to indicate the way like each one of these two theories defines and fits theoretically the relative problems to the processes of deliberation. By the way of conclusion, there are some indicated consequences...

50. Efeitos do sedentarismo nas funções cognitivas de idosas com escolaridade baixa - Silva, Guilherme Elias; Dos Santos, Flávia Heloísa
The systematic physical activity can prevent the cognitive impairment on aging. There are a few cognitive studies in populations under risk such as sedentary women, with reduced education, after climatery. Objectives: i) to screen cognitive and emotional aspects in active elderly ladies with intermediate education compared to sedentary ones. ii) to verify if there is protective action of physical activity to the cognitive impairment. Participants: Active elderly ladies (N=18) practicing monitored physical activities regularly and sedentary elderly ladies (N=17), mean age 66 years, with 6 years of schooling in average, without neuropsychiatric disorders. Materials: screening instruments for cognition (CAMCOG), intellectual...

51. A etnografia como uma perspective em Ciências Sociais: uma revisão de literatura - Alvarado, José Gerardo; Iñiguez Rueda, Lupicinio
This article reviews references of ethnography as a method in the social sciences gathered by using Google™, EBSCO, ProQuest, REDALYC, PSICODOC, Dialnet and LATINDEX. Anthropologists’ postmodern self-critique has influenced social scientists and ethnography has increasingly become a way to explore our forms of life. This translates into a perspective that responds to ethical, political, cultural, and social concerns about the production of knowledge. It seeks to excise the distance between researchers, often by collaborating with consultants in research projects. The ensuing reflections evoke possibilities generated from interactions in the field and an appreciation of a complexity that poses methodological challenges...

52. Porque trabalhar com economia solidária na Psicologia Social - Guareschi, Pedrinho Arcides; Veronese, Marília Veríssimo
The article proposes the need of research and intervention in self-management contexts, in a critical social psychology perspective, considering the poor workers condition of invisibility. It works with the concepts of sociology of absences and emergences, solidary economy and self-management, also introducing an analysis of economic globalizations processes and its social impacts. It discusses parcial results of a research work that reveals the difficulties beyond associated workers that search alternative modes of labor organization.

53. Os desafios da prática socioeducativa de privação de liberdade em adolescentes em conflito com a lei: ressocialização ou exclusão social? - Dantas Estevam, Ionara; Lima Coutinho, Maria da Penha de; Fernandes de Araújo, Ludgleydson
Crime and violence practised by adolescents are currently a social, institutional and politician problem, that afflicts families and defies the politic society to present institutional answers, efficient and effective. It objectified to identify the social representations (RS) of the social-educative practice of freedom privation. In such a way, the sample was not-probabilist and intentional, constituted by one 115 adolescents (institutionalized in conflict with the law, with their freedom restricted), that answered to a Free Test of Association of Words. The collected data was submitted to the Analysis of Factorial of Correspondence through software tri-deux-mots. The results predominate negative representations of...

54. Contrato emocional e código de ética: pilares da reconstrução conjugal - Tavora, Mônica Teles
Psychotherapy of couples should focus on the central aspects of the spouses’ relationship: the emocional contract and the ethical agreements established at the beginning of their marriage. The main purpose of the first therapeutic interventions are to unblock communication, to define unacceptable behaviors and to elaborate the loss of the illusion of a perfect marriage. Complementary procedures aim to help the couple identify the influence of previous relationships on their present interations, making it possible to have an equal division of power and shared responsabilities while learning to make emocional repair and negotiate. The present psychotherapic approach goes beyond couples...

55. Trabalho docente: Que aspectos sociodemográficos e ocupacionais predizem o bem-estar subjetivo? - Chaves, Sandra Souza da Silva; Fonsêca, Patrícia Nunes da
The objective of this study is to find out to known the importance socio-demographic and ocupational factors for subjective well-being of private and public school primary teachers in the State of Paraíba. Participated 313 teachers who answered the Positive and Negative Affection Scale, the Vitality Scale, the General Health Questionnaire – QSG-12 (GHQ), the Life Satisfaction Scale together with some social-demographic and occupational questions took part in this research. Among the findings, point out the level work satisfaction, the level percption of recognition of work’s collegue, studentes’s parents and marital status how predicting well-being. Suggest future research with Pedagogy’s students...

56. A produção de diferenças pelo esporte - Valle, Márcia Pilla do
This paper is due to account for the importance of the particularities of Sport Psychology. From it the professional will be able to consider the special demands of children and adolescents who take on sport practices and competition an option of life. The questions are illustrated through examples experiences out of sports associations’ routine.

57. A estruturação da vida ocupacional e saúde mental sob a indefinição prolongada do vínculo empregatício - Borges, Livia de Oliveira; Maranhão, Janine
This study objectified to evaluate the association between the mental health and the level of occupational life structuration among bank ex-employees that live a long experience of employment undefined from the closure process of the bank. In the sample of 101 participants, some structured questionnaires were applied. The results show three stylus of occupational structured (structuration for rational control, for compensatory resignation, and for belief in the growing), the variance of structuration level, the variance of the mental health deterioration level. The application of ANOVA shows that the group with stylus of structuration by compensatory resignation trends to present more...

58. Mulheres vítimas de violência doméstica: Compreendendo subjetividades assujeitadas - Narvaz, Martha Giudice; Koller, Silvia Helena
This work intends to revise and discuss some concepts commonly involved in investigations with women victims of couple and domestic violence, among them, concepts of family violence, couple and domestic violence, as well as notions of gender violence, several times erroneously used as synonyms in research and scientific literature. Later, we discuss some subjects, such as transmission intergenerational of violence, naturalization of stereotyped gender roles, alcoholism, poverty and lack of social support as factors associated to submission and subjection processes of women who have suffered violence. At the end, we introduced some inquiries that have place in our practice in which concern to understand the complex...

59. Heterogeneidade nas estratégias de leitura/escrita em crianças com dificuldades de leitura e escrita - Salles, Jerusa Fumagalli de; De Mattos Pimienta Parente, Maria alice
The characteristics of reading and writing difficulties in children vary according to the system by which the children are being taught to read and write. This study aims to analyze the word reading and writing strategies in second grade children with reading and writing difficulties (n = 14) and to compare them with two groups: competent reading and writing second graders (n = 15) and first graders (n = 9), paired to word reading and writing performance. In second grade children with reading and writing difficulties we found double dissociations in reading (the preferably phonological readers and the preferably lexical...

60. Enfrentamento e reabilitação de portadores de lesão medular e seus cuidadores - Martins Pereira, Maria Eloá Moreira da Silva; Cavalcanti, Tereza Cristina Cavalcanti Ferreira de Araujo
Considering the clinical and scientific interests linked to the promotion of quality of life of people with spinal cord injury, an investigation was developed aiming to: a) describe and analyse the coping strategies of participants of a rehabilitation program and his familiar caretaker; b) identify the evolution of theses strategies during the rehabilitation and; c) comprehend the contributions and limitations of the institutional program. Six dyads patient – relative were evaluated, before the admission in the program and after its ending, through the application of Escala de Modos de Enfrentar Problemas and interviews. Changes in the strategic modalities used between...

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