Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 9.067

  1. Hombres violentos contra la pareja: ¿tienen un trastorno mental y requieren tratamiento psicológico?

    Echeburúa Odriozola, Enrique; Amor Andrés, Pedro Javier
    There are many reasons why men who batter should be psychologically treated. In this paper the most relevant mental disorders, such as substance use disorder, pathological jealousy, and antisocial, borderline, narcissistic and paranoid personality disorders, and psychological deficits of batterer men, such as anger, emotional difficulties, cognitive distortions, low self-esteem and deficits in social skills and problem solving, are analyzed. Male domestic violence offender typologies according to the most relevant classifications are commented. The role of these typologies for treatment is pointed out. An analysis of how to combine court intervention and psychological treatment to rehabilitate abusive men is also...

  2. La Teoría Situacional de los públicos en las guías sobre acoso escolar: análisis para una campaña sobre el acoso escolar como problema social

    Carretón Ballester, María del Carmen; Lorenzo Solá, Francisco
    Latest reports indicate that about 25 per cent of students experience some bullying form in their schools. Analyze publics on the contents of the guidelines of government agencies to prevent bullying, it shows substantial gaps to promote a campaign of public outreach and guidance from governance to be effective. Most messages focus on three players: bully, victim and observers. However, since the proactive behavior of public relations and considering Situational Theory of publics (Grunig and Hunt, 2000: 25-36), we think that a campaign guide and / or effective protocol in its prevention must involve more publics, at least, as in the...

  3. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access


    High prevalence and clustering of modifiable CVD risk factors among rural adolescents in southwest Nigeria: implication for grass root prevention N A Odunaiya1,2*, K Grimmer1,3 and Q A Louw1 Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an immense global problem with serious economic and social consequences. Modifiable risk factors for CVD have been identified internationally in adolescents where early intervention programs have the potential to reduce CVD risk on individual and population levels. In developing countries such as Nigeria, little is known about the prevalence of modifiable CVD risk factors among adolescents especially in the rural areas. Methods: This paper reports on...

  4. The Role of Health Environment and Location in the Emergence of Urban Criminal Behaviours in Tehran

    E Salehi
    As a result of urbanization and the social prob-lems common to cities, everyone acquainted with a fact that, a city’s environment and the social problem of a city cannot be separated. Certainly,

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    online | memorias.ioc.fiocruz.br Chagas disease is an infection caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi (Chagas 1909), which can be transmit-ted to humans in various ways, such as through infected bugs (Insecta, Hemiptera, Reduviidae), via a congenital route or through a blood transfusion. Chagas disease is an important medical and social problem in many Latin American countries and is associated with significant mor-bidity and mortality. In Brazil, according to the National Serologic Survey conducted from 1975-1980, the states with the highest rates of prevalence were Rio Grande do Sul, Minas Gerais (MG), Bahia (BA) and Goiás. Currently, the prevalence of Chagas...

  6. La presencia y representación del desempleo de los mayores de 45 años en la prensa española

    Amber Montes, Diana; Domingo Segovia, Jesús
    Press has a great influence in the generation of public opinion. According to the Agenda Setting theory, the most relevant news for the media will be also for their audience. The unemployment of people older than 45 years is a social problem that affects many families today, however is in question if newspapers give it enough importance. Through the documentary and content analysis of the main Spanish newspapers, this study aims to show which coverage gives the Spanish press to the social problems suffered by the unemployed older than 45 years. The results show insufficient treatment of the problem, with little specificity...

  7. Abortion legalization in Uruguay: A media framing analysis

    Campanella, Inés
    The demand for sexual and reproductive rights has been consolidated in recent years in Uruguay through the parliamentary vote on laws that include abortion legalization. The process has been driven by the continued action of civil groups, as well as by their ability to expand their social supports. The media dimension of the event has not been investigated yet. We analyze the behavior of the media around two instances of parliamentary vote, in 2004 and 2008, taking the news report as the unit of analysis. The hypothesis to verify assumes that civil society organizations in 2001-2004 implemented a common cognitive...

  8. La Ley italiana de sobreendeudamiento

    Pellecchia, Enza
    El fenómeno del sobreendeudamiento ha dado un carácter social a un problema individual. De allí que hoy se pregunte por la pertinencia de una intervención legislativa en la relación entre el acreedor y el deudor si este último sufre una extrema dificultad económica. En este escenario se presenta un potencial conflicto entre la regla legal, que exige el cumplimiento de las obligaciones, y el valor de una red de protección social para quienes calculan mal los riesgos o sufren las consecuencias de un desafortunado cambio de circunstancias. El tema de la insolvencia del deudor civil fue objeto de atención por...

  9. Christ vs. Communism: Communism as a Religious Social Problem in Finland's Proto-Fascist Lapua Movement in the 1930s

    Hjelm, T; Koskelainen, S
    This article traces the emergence of religious anti-communist discourse in Finland’s proto-fascist Lapua Movement in the 1930s. Applying constructionist social problems theory, it discusses the constructions of communism as a religious social problem, Christian piety as a solution to the problem of godless communism, and the religious legitimation of violence. The article argues that by identifying Christianity with the Finnish nation the construction of communism as a religious problem—itself an outcome of the influence of revivalist Lutheran ministers in the leadership of the movement—resonated with the broader audience, but that this indigenous religious nationalism lost support with the increasing belligerence...

  10. Host response, obesity, and oral health

    Sylwia Małgorzata Słotwińska; Robert Słotwiński
    Proper food choices are part of preventing or reducing the risk of dental caries and periodontal disease. A significant association has been proven between oral diseases and the incidence of systemic diseases. Obesity, just like smoking, is one of the major risk factors for oral disease and is a serious social problem that has reached epidemic proportions in many developed countries. The results of studies on periodontitis confirm the relationship between the values of body mass index (BMI) and the prevalence of periodontal diseases. Adipose tissue is an active endocrine organ and it performs many important functions in the body,...

  11. Why People Gamble: A Qualitative Study of Four New Zealand Ethnic Groups

    Sonia Townsend; Pefi Kingi; S. Tse; L. Dyall; D. Clarke; M. Abbott; S. Townsend; P. Kingi; S. Tse
    # The Author(s) 2012. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com Abstract In multicultural countries such as New Zealand, it is particularly important that gambling research take into account possible cultural differences. Many New Zealanders come from cultures that do not have a history of gambling, including the Mäori (New Zealand indigenous people), Pacific Islanders, and recent migrants. Little research has examined the reasons why people start and continue to gamble, especially among different ethnic groups. This research project thus aimed to develop a framework to explain how environmental, cultural, and social factors interact with personal attributes to...

  12. Research Article The Mechanism of Melanocytes-Specific Cytotoxicity Induced by Phenol Compounds Having a Prooxidant Effect, relating to the Appearance of Leukoderma

    Takeshi Nagata; Shinobu Ito; Kazuyoshi Itoga; Hideko Kanazawa; Hitoshi Masaki
    Copyright © 2015 Takeshi Nagata et al.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Specific phenol compounds including rhododendrol (RD), a skin-brightening ingredient in cosmetics, are reported to induce leukoderma, inducing a social problem, and the elucidation of mechanism of leukoderma is strongly demanded. This study investigated the relationship among the cytotoxicities of six phenol compounds on B16F10melanoma cells andHaCaT keratinocytes and generated reactive oxygen species (ROS). As a result, the cytotoxicity of RD on B16F10 cells was...

  13. Mesolimbic dopamine reward system hypersensitivity in individuals with psychopathic traits

    Joshua W. Buckholtz; Michael T. Treadway; Ronald L. Cowan; Neil D. Woodward; Stephen D. Benning; Rui Li; M. Sib Ansari; Ronald M. Baldwin; Ashley N; Evan S. Shelby; Clarence E. Smith; David Cole; Robert M. Kessler; David H. Zald
    Psychopathy is a personality disorder that is strongly linked to criminal behavior. Using [18F]fallypride PET and BOLD fMRI, we show that impulsive-antisocial psychopathic traits selectively predict nucleus accumbens dopamine release and reward anticipation-related neural activity in response to pharmacological and monetary reinforcers, respectively. These findings suggest that neurochemical and neurophysiological hyperreactivity of the dopaminergic reward system may comprise a neural substrate for impulsivity, antisocial behavior and substance abuse in psychopathy. The net annual burden of crime in the United States has been estimated to exceed $1 trillion(1), making criminal behavior a costly large-scale social problem and a critical target for...

  14. TransType2- A New Paradigm for Translation Automation

    Antonio S. Valderrábanos; José Esteban; Luis Iraola
    The aim of TransType2 (TT2 1) is to develop a new kind of Computer-Assisted Translation (CAT) system that will help solve a very pressing social problem: how to meet the growing demand for high-quality translation. To date, translation technology has not been able to keep pace with the demand for high-quality translation. The innovative solution proposed by TT2 is to embed a data driven Machine Translation (MT) engine within an interactive translation environment. In this way, the system combines the best of two paradigms: the CAT paradigm, in which the human translator ensures high-quality output; and the MT paradigm, in...

  15. $rec.titulo


    cooperation in the social science is a problem because how might a group of people ever manage to establish or maintain cooperative relation? The characters and qualities of this problem are different when users use computer-mediated communication to interact, but the differences do not guarantee a uniformly positive effect or resolve many of the long-standing problems of cooperation [7]. The concept of an Autonomous Decentralized Community System (ADCS) is proposed to realize a scalable online community system that successfully able to carry out, and achieve community goals in dynamic environments. It guarantees not only the cooperation among people but also...

  16. Revisión sistemática de instrumentos utilizados para conocer los problemas de convivencia en los centros educativos

    Martínez Martínez, Ana María; Padilla Góngora, David; Martínez Cortés, Maria del Carmen; García Goldsmith, Macarena; López Liria, Remedios; Rodrigo Parra, Antonio
    Introduction: In recent years, has spread the impression that the violent behavior of our young people are becoming more present in the educational field and in the wider society. This is a com- plex problem, in which the entire educational institution is involved and join forces to reduce or minimize these specific events, although isolated, raise serious blisters on society. The difficulty of fin- ding objective data over time, going beyond mere personal opinion, is making it difficult to differentiate between the evolution of the problem itself and the social alarm generated. Development of the question: We conducted a systematic review in the various...

  17. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Prevalence of suspected developmental


    delays in early infancy: results from a regional population-based longitudinal study Lisbeth Valla1*, Tore Wentzel-Larsen2,3, Dag Hofoss4 and Kari Slinning1,5 Background: Prevalence estimates on suspected developmental delays (SDD) in young infants are scarce and a necessary first step for planning an early intervention. We investigated the prevalence of SDD at 4, 6 and 12 months, in addition to associations of SDD with gender, prematurity and maternal education. Methods: This study is based on a Norwegian longitudinal sample of 1555 infants and their parents attending well-baby clinics for regular health check-ups. Moreover, parents completed the Norwegian translation of the Ages and...

  18. Clinical Study Ways of Coping and Biomarkers of an Increased Atherothrombotic Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Elderly Individuals

    Brent T. Mausbach; Joel E. Dimsdale; Paul J. Mills; Thomas L. Patterson; Sonia Ancoli-israel; Michael G. Ziegler; Susan K. Roepke; Matthew Allison; Igor Grant
    Copyright © 2012 Roland von Känel et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Objective. To investigate the relationship between coping and atherothrombotic biomarkers of an increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in the elderly. Methods. We studied 136 elderly caregiving and noncaregiving men and women who completed the Ways of Coping Checklist to assess problem-focused coping, seeking social support (SSS), blamed self, wishful thinking, and avoidance coping. They had circulating levels of 12 biomarkers measured. We...

  19. Understanding the Role of Growth Factors in Modulating Stem Cell Tenogenesis

    Ana I. Gonçalves; Márcia T. Rodrigues; Sang-jin Lee; Anthony Atala; James J. Yoo; Rui L. Reis; Manuela E. Gomes
    Current treatments for tendon injuries often fail to fully restore joint biomechanics leading to the recurrence of symptoms, and thus resulting in a significant health problem with a relevant social impact worldwide. Cell-based approaches involving the use of stem cells might enable tailoring a successful tendon regeneration outcome. As growth factors (GFs) powerfully regulate the cell biological response, their exogenous addition can further stimulate stem cells into the tenogenic lineage, which might eventually depend on stem cells source. In the present study we investigate the tenogenic differentiation potential of human- amniotic fluid stem cells (hAFSCs) and adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs)...

  20. Iran. Corresponding Author:

    Farahnaz Mardanian M. D; Moones Kazeroonizadeh M. D; Bahman Rashidi Ph. D; Moones Kazeroonizadeh
    Background: Infertility is an increasing medical and social problem. In vitro fertilization (IVF) has become a common and accessible treatment for a wide variety of indications that have variable outcomes. Natural killer (NK) cells have been identified as relevant immunological factors involved in reproductive success or failure. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the percentage of peripheral blood CD56+ (CD56dim and CD56bright) cells and the level of NK cell in patients with IVF failure with those of successful IVF control women. Materials and Methods: We assessed the level of CD56dim CD16+ and CD56bright CD16- cells in 50...

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