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rss_1.0 Clasificación por Disciplina

Nomenclatura Unesco > (63) Sociología > (6310) Problemas sociales
(6310.01) Crimen (6310.02) Delincuencia
(6310.03) Enfermedad (6310.04) Hambre
(6310.05) Minusválidos (6310.06) Relaciones inter-raciales
(6310.07) Inadaptados (6310.08) Pobreza
(6310.09) Calidad de vida (6310.10) Conflicto social y adaptación
(6310.11) Bienestar social (6310.12) Nivel de vida
(6310.13) Terrorismo (6310.14) Desempleo
(6310.99) Otras (especificar)

Mostrando recursos 1 - 20 de 6,013

1. TRABALHO ESCRAVO CONTEMPORÂNEO: A CONSTRUÇÃO SOCIAL DE UM PROBLEMA PÚBLICO NO NORTE FLUMINENSE - Leão,Luís Henrique da Costa
Este artigo analisa a construção social do problema do trabalho escravo, considerando seus sentidos e significados e as estratégias de erradicação no Norte Fluminense. Foi efetuada uma pesquisa qualitativa, referenciada pela Psicologia Social, especificamente pela concepção de Berger, Luckmann e Lenoir sobre a construção social da realidade. Foi feita uma ampla investigação bibliográfica (jornais da região, textos acadêmicos e documentos institucionais) e realizadas entrevistas com atores sociais locais (trabalhadores, movimentos sociais, órgãos públicos). Para o tratamento dos dados, foi utilizada a Análise Crítica do Discurso. Os resultados demonstraram as peculiaridades dos processos de enunciação, reconhecimento, legitimação e institucionalização do problema...

2. Menores Extranjeros No Acompañados: Plan de Estudio Para Mejorar La Determinación de La Edad - DIALLO, DJIBA SADIO
Desde hace varias décadas, el continente europeo ha conocido un fenómeno migratorio vinculado a los cambios provocados por la globalización, especialmente a la circulación incesante de mercancías, de los capitales y de la información. Estos factores, junto al deterioro continuado de la situación social, económica y política de los países empobrecidos, provocan un aumento de los flujos migratorios, así como una modificación y una diversificación de los grupos sociales emigrantes. En este contexto, España siendo una puerta meridional de Europa, representa un punto clave en las rutas migratorias. Antaño era un territorio de tránsito para los extranjeros en dirección a otros...

3. El principio de igualdad en el contexto de la crisis del Estado social:: diez problemas actuales - Rey Martínez, Fernando

4. Domains of father involvement, social competence and problem behavior in preschool children - Torres, Nuno; Veríssimo, Manuela; Monteiro, Lígia Maria Santos; Ribeiro, Olívia; Santos, António José
Many studies reported that father involvement is associated with a wide range of developmental outcomes; however, evidence is weaker when controlling for correlated mother involvement and when using different informants to assess father involvement and children development. Our study aimed to research the association between father involvement and preschoolers’ social competence, controlling for mother involvement, family demographics, parental stress, time spent in day-care, existence of siblings and child’s characteristics. Participants were 295 children between 36 and 71 months of age, 52% girls, all living in resident-father families. Hierarchical multiple regression models were performed entering the predictors in three blocks: Child...

5. The historical and contemporary debate about the relation of Catholic schools in Scotland and the social problem of sectarianism - McKinney, Stephen
There have been claims that contemporary Catholic schools in Scotland are related to sectarianism by the Church of Scotland, academics, the secular lobby, the press and media and public figures, at various points in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. These individuals and groups have all highlighted the anomaly of state funded educational institutions being allegedly related to a serious social problem - sectarianism. This article presents a close examination of these claims and argues that there is very little empirical evidence to substantiate the alleged relation between contemporary Catholic schools and sectarianism.

6. MyMedia: Dynamic Personalization of Multimedia - Alexander Voß; Chris Newell; Paul Marrow
This paper describes a demonstration by the MyMedia EC-funded collaborative research project at the 2009 European Interactive TV conference. The MyMedia project addresses the key social problem of information overload that has been called the "Crisis of Choice". The project has developed a recommender system which provides personal recommendations about TV and radio programs tailored to specific individual tastes and interests by analyzing implicit and/or explicit user feedback. This demonstration will show the current state of development of the recommender system technology and the associated user interface design work as the project prepares for four independent field trials. Categories and...

7. EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND LIFE ADJUSTMENT: A validation study - A Validation Study; Lennart Sjöberg; Lennart Sjöberg
Emotional intelligence was hypothesized to be a factor in successful life adjustment, among them the successful achievement of a well balanced life with little interference between work and family and leisure. Data from a sample of 153 respondents who were roughly representative of the population were obtained, including measurement of emo-tional intelligence, life/work balance and other indices of ad-justment and social/psychological skills, and salary. EI was measured both by questionnaire items and a task of identify-ing emotions in social problem episodes as described in vi-gnettes. Balance was measured both in terms of fam-ily/leisure interfering with work and vice versa. Both...

8. METHODOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS - Michael Decker; Miltos Ladikas
Future oriented technology analysis (FTA) is widely accepted as to be problem oriented research. This means a strategy should be developed to contribute to the solution of a social, political, ecological problem referring to technology. One of the main branches of FTA, Technology Assessment (TA), has existed for over thirty years now. In the

9. Marrocos e a segurança no Magrebe - Sousa, Francisco Xavier de
O Reino de Marrocos tem mostrado pretender alcançar um certo protagonismo regional. Para atingir esse desiderato, mas a braços com problemas internos, tanto de índole social como económico e político, tem procurado desviar as atenções do seu povo das verdadeiras razões desses problemas, através de um desfraldar de apelos a um nacionalismo e a uma hegemonia regional, que têm lançado sombras de instabilidade nos relacionamentos com os seus vizinhos, nomeadamente com a Argélia e com Espanha. Parte das suas atividades, mas também da sua inatividade, tem preocupado os países vizinhos, que têm reagido, umas vezes com paciência, outras com assertividade. À perceção...

10. General Counsel Independent Commission against Corruption - Kevin Zervos; New South Wales
Fraud is not just a criminal offence; it is a major social problem. In determining how we should respond to it in the 1990s we must bear that in mind. It is not good enough to concentrate just on the criminality involved as we have in the past. A different approach is needed. In simple terms, fraud is the art of deception for gain. Dishonesty is an essential ingredient. Fraud varies in type, size and complexity. It is encountered in many different contexts. It is very much a creature of its time; it changes as society changes, with all its...

11. UPDATE OF GROWTH PERCENTILES FOR CHILDREN OF AN IRANIAN POPULATION - Shams Vazirian Md; Abolfazl Sedighnezhad Md
Background – Growth assessment is an essential component of pediatric health surveillance because almost any problem within physiologic, interpersonal, and social domains can adversely affect growth. The growth chart is the most powerful tool in growth assessment. Standard growth charts are based on the data collected by the American National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). Growth percentiles require periodic revision because of the changes in the ethnic mix of the population as well as socioeconomic and environmental conditions. This paper describes the new reference percentile curves for weight, height, and head circumference in an Iranian population between birth and 6...

12. Efecto de un programa de ejercicio físico en la recuperación post-parto. Estudio piloto - Barakat Carballo, Ruben Omar; Bueno, Clara; Lopez Diaz de Durana, Alfonso; Coteron Lopez, Francisco Javier; Montejo, Rocío
Un hecho fi siológico como es el proceso de embarazo y parto, puede condicionar en gran medida la futura salud y calidad de vida de la mujer. La retención del peso gestacional, los episodios de pérdida de orina y la depresión postparto son algunos de los problemas más frecuentes a los que la mujer ha de enfrentarse tras el nacimiento de su bebé. Con este estudio se pretendió valorar si un programa de ejercicio físico supervisado puede favorecer la recuperación del peso pre-gestacional, evitar las pérdidas de orina y mejorar el estado psicológico de la mujer. Para ello se diseñó un trabajo...

13. Reciclando imágenes: Documentales sobre arte y política en América Latina - Muniz, Gabriela
Este artículo plantea el potencial que las artes visuales tienen en el espacio latinoamericano en un momento en que las creaciones culturales son ampliamente utilizadas como recurso político, social y económico. En particular, se analizan tres documentales: Waste Land (Lucy Walker, 2011), Contracorriente: Guía de supervivencia para artistas en el Perú (Ann Kaneko, 2008) y Los próximos pasados (Lorena Muñoz, 2006), que abordan historias de las obras y vidas de artistas socialmente comprometidos. Filmados respectivamente en Brasil, Perú y Argentina, sus tramas, imágenes y testimonios reafirman las posibilidades que el arte posee como creador y promotor de imaginarios sociales. En...

14. Understanding the efficiency of social tagging systems using information theory - H. Chi; Todd Mytkowicz
Given the rise in popularity of social tagging systems, it seems only natural to ask how efficient is the organically evolved tagging vocabulary in describing any underlying document objects? Does this distributed process really provide a way to circumnavigate the traditional categorization problem with ontologies? We analyze a social tagging site, namely del.icio.us, with information theory in order to evaluate the efficiency of this social tagging site for encoding navigation paths to information sources.

15. Policy community defensora de direitos e a transformação do Conselho Nacional de Assistência Social - Cortes,Soraya Vargas
O artigo examina a ação estratégica de um ator coletivo, a policy community defensora da assistência social como direito dos cidadãos, a qual resultou não apenas na criação do Sistema Único de Assistência Social (SUAS), mas também na redefinição das funções do Conselho Nacional de Assistência Social (CNAS), ao final da década de 2000. Membros dessa community aproveitaram sucessivas janelas de oportunidades para apresentar aos decisores políticos propostas de solução para os problemas da extremada desigualdade social e pobreza, colocados no centro da agenda política e governamental desde o Governo Lula, iniciado em 2002. Uma dessas janelas de oportunidades abriu-se...

16. $rec.titulo
The abuse of methamphetamine hasemerged as an important problem inthe United States, and recent evidence has linked the use of methamphetamine to severe dental problems. Drug abusers may seek the help of dentists to manage the dental destruction; in fact, dentists may be the front-line healthcare workers recognizing the oral signs and symptoms of methamphetamine abuse. The term meth mouth has been used to describe the deleterious effects of metham-phetamine abuse on the dentition. This term, however, is misleading. The rampant caries often seen in patients who abuse metham-phetamine may not be due to the drug alone, but rather a...

17. 258 Life Events, Familial Stress, and Coping in the Developmental Course of Schizophrenia - David Lukoff; Karen Snyder; Joseph Ventura; Keith H. Nuechterlein
Recent studies have isolated some sorioenvironmental factors that seem to predict the onset of schizophrenic episodes in vulnerable persons. In particular, stressful life events have been found to cluster in the 3- to 4-week period preceding a schizo-. phrenic episode in some patients. Many persons with a schizophrenic disorder also seem to contribute to additional stressful life change events—for example, by high geographic mobility—thereby playing an active role in precipitating the onset of illness episodes. Within the family environment, hostile, critical, and emotionally overinvolved attitudes toward the patient by relatives have been found to be related to relapses. Irregu-larities in...

18. 1 Industries and regions in the CEECs1: the ability to compete in the enlarged Single Market. - Francis Condis Y Troyano
The present association and the future accession to the EU require the CEECs to adopt 'acquis communautaire ' but above all to adjust the real economy. In this context, the accession date has mainly only official political significance, as the entire period of systemic transition represents in itself the process of integration. In this paper, the industrial and regional challenges of this process are tackled using the example of Poland. The essential aspect lays in the ability of industrial sectors in this country to integrate into the industrial framework of the Single Market and to become competitive in comparison to...

19. Do lixão ao aterro: uma história socioambiental de Guarapuava/PR (1971-2011) - Cunha, Vladson Paterneze
Partindo do pressuposto de que é possível historicizar o lixo e as relações sociais das quais resulta, demonstrando assim suas inter-relações com outros temas sociais, ambientais, políticos e econômicos nas sociedades capitalistas, procuramos compreender como foram formadas as políticas públicas ambientais relativas aos resíduos sólidos urbanos na cidade de Guarapuava, interior do estado do Paraná, entre os anos de 1971 e 2011. Utilizamos como fonte histórica os planos de gerenciamento de resíduos, leis, debates legislativos em atas, relatórios da administração municipal e jornais locais demonstrando de que forma o lixo se tornou um problema social, político e ambiental exigindo por...

20. Medios de comunicación como agentes que facilitan la medicalización de la vida: el ejemplo de la andropausia. - Gavilán Moral, Enrique; Iriberri, Ainhoa
A través del fenómeno de la medicalización, multitud de procesos que anteriormente eran considerados ajenos a la jurisdicción de la medicina han pasado a ser explicados y tratados por médicos. Uno de ellos es el proceso natural del envejecimiento, y dentro de él el declive en la actividad -principalmente sexual- del varón. Clásicamente llamado andropausia y considerado como un síndrome por falta de testosterona, ha pasado por momentos históricos en los que casi parecía desaparecido del discurso médico. Sin embargo, con el auge de los medicamentos para el sexo, la idea de la andropausia ha vuelto a resurgir, a pesar...

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